The Maquam Bog is classified as a pitch pine woodland bog. This community is the only one of its kind in Vermont and one of only a few found throughout New England. The 900 acre bog features pitch pine, rare Virginia chain fern, blueberries, a variety of sphagnum moss species and is dominated by rhodora. Peat depths range from 2.5 ft to 8 ft deep. Fires and flooding are the two events that have shaped and maintained the vegetative communities in the bog. The bog is home to short eared owls, shrikes, moose and serves as a wintering area for whitetail deer. Please note that the bog is closed to all public use except for upland game hunting. Special Use Permits may be applied for to access the bog for other purposes, please contact the refuge manager for details.