Refuge conservation plans are called “comprehensive conservation plans” (CCPs). The purpose of a CCP is to specify a management direction for the refuge for the next 15 years. The goals, objectives, and strategies for improving refuge conditions—including the types of habitat we will provide, partnership opportunities, and management actions needed to achieve desired conditions – are described in the CCP. The Service’s preferred alternative for managing the refuge and its effects on the human environment, are described in the CCP as well.
Read the CCP for Marin Islands NWR.
Management of Marin Islands NWR will assist in meeting conservation goals established in existing national and regional plans and other landscape-scale plans covering the same watershed or ecosystem in which the refuge resides. The refuge has been practicing adaptive management, which refers to a management style where effectiveness of management actions is monitored and evaluated on an on-going basis. Future management is modified as needed, based on the results of this evaluation or as other relevant information becomes available.
National Wildlife Refuge System Improvement Act of 1997 defines a unifying mission for all refuges, including a process for determining compatible uses on refuges, and requiring that each refuge be managed according to a CCP. The NWRS Improvement Act expressly states that wildlife conservation is the priority of System lands and that the Secretary shall ensure that the biological integrity, diversity, and environmental health of refuge lands are maintained. Each refuge must be managed to fulfill the specific purposes for which the refuge was established and the System mission. The first priority of each refuge is to conserve, manage, and if needed, restore fish and wildlife populations and habitats according to its purpose.