Breeding marine birds include seabirds that nest colonially on cliffs and offshore rocks and islands such as black-legged kittiwakes, glaucous-winged gulls, horned and tufted puffins, and pelagic and red-faced cormorants. Of the 14 species of sea ducks in North America twelve can be found in the waters off shore of Kodiak in the winter:
Barrow's goldeneye Common goldeneye
Common merganser Red-breasted merganser
Several of these species remain year round to nest on Kodiak including harlequin ducks, Barrow’s goldeneye, black scoter, common eiders, and common and red-breasted mergansers.
Many other water birds are abundant in winter including pelagic cormorants, common murres, glaucous-winged gulls, greater scaup, mallards, and black oystercatchers. Several species of landbirds also manage to survive harsh winters in Kodiak including black-billed magpies, northwestern crows, common ravens, black-capped chickadees, and golden-crowned kinglets. The Refuge invites the community to participate in the Kodiak Christmas Bird Count (CBC) every December aboard the Refuge’s 48-foot marine research vessel the Ursa Major II or join us in the summer for a citizen science program banding landbirds at the Buskin River.