However, limited public
access of Jarvis Island has been authorized in the past. Refuge access is
managed through the issuance of a Special Use Permit when
the activity is deemed compatible and appropriate with the purposes of refuge
The remote location and isolation of Kingman Reef and other Pacific island refuges make it difficult to conduct on-site visits for educational or interpretative purposes. Moreover, the lack of land attracks few resting seabirds and shorebirds to the refuge compared to other remote refuges. Thus, most educational and interpretative opportunities are necessarily delivered remotely through publications, educational programs, displays, or other media, to inform and educate the public to increase their understanding of remote Pacific island NWRs wilderness values, cultural and historical resources, and their ecosystems, with special emphasis on seabirds and coral reefs.
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Found living on the surface of reefs or sand, or partly embedded in coral, the small giant clam occupies well lit areas, due to its symbiotic relationship with photosynthetic algae, which require sunlight for energy production.