Chicks resemble their eggs with brown and off-white speckles until they obtain feathers similar to the adults.
Baby ‘Alae ke‘oke‘o
A face only a mother could love - chicks have black down, except on the head, neck and throat, where the down is reddish-orange.
Baby ‘Alae ‘ula
Chicks are covered with black down and have a bright red bill.
Visiting the Refuge
The Ki‘i Unit of the James Campbell NWR is open to the public on a limited basis during the nonbreeding season of the endangered Hawaiian waterbirds. Guided public tours are offered on Saturday mornings at 9:30 am. Please arrive before the tour begins as the refuge entrance gates will be locked once the tour starts. The tour lasts 1.5-2 hrs. and consists of a short walk around the refuge and bird viewing opportunities. Visitors are welcome starting Saturday, December 27, 2014, through the last Saturday in February 2015. The refuge will then be closed to the public during the spring and summer for ae‘o (Hawaiian Stilt) nesting, reopening in the fall. The ae‘o frequently nests on the dikes that are used to access the refuge and is prone to human disturbance. Come and join other birders from around the island, the state, our country, and the world who find their way to the James Campbell NWR.
About the Complex
Oahu NWRC consists of James Campbell, Pearl Harbor, and Oahu Forest NWRs.
James Campbell is managed as part of the Oahu Complex.
Learn more about the complex
About the NWRS
The National Wildlife Refuge System, within the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, manages a national network of lands and waters set aside to conserve America’s fish, wildlife, and plants.
Learn more about the NWRS
Predators introduced to Oahu are a primary threat to the endangered waterbirds and require constant attention. Mongooses, feral dogs, cats, pigs, bull frogs, and cattle egrets – all have taken a significant toll on Hawaii’s native waterbirds. An intensive, year-round predator control program has been implemented on the refuge to reduce the impact from these invasive predators.
The initial phases of a project to study bristle-thighed curlews on the refuge have been completed. The project is planned to study the demographics, local and migration habitat use, and genetic make-up and relationship of this wintering population to other wintering populations and the two distinct Alaskan breeding populations.Bristle-thighed Curlew Report
In Hawaiian legend, these birds were thought to have brought fire from the gods to the Hawaiian people.
Page Photo Credits USFWS
Last Updated: Jan 14, 2015