Iroquois National Wildlife refuge is actively managed to provide the best possible habitat for the widest variety of wildlife. Over one half of the refuge consists of wetlands, including marshes, shrub-scrub wetlands and forested wetlands. The remaining habitats are upland and include grasslands, shrublands and forests.
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Over the years, two pairs of bald eagles have established nest sites on the refuge. Eagles start nesting behavior in January and continue until eaglets fledge in July. Eagles stay on or near the refuge for most of the year, leaving only to find open water in winter or in times of drought. When visiting Cayuga Overlook, the eagles are likely to be observed flying above.