Tallgrass prairie is a fire-dependent ecosystem characterized by tall grasses, wildflowers, and deep, rich soils. Tallgrass prairie once covered parts of 14 states in the Midwest, including about 80% of Iowa. Less than 0.1% of the original tallgrass prairie in Iowa remains today. We have replanted tallgrass prairie on thousands of acres of former cropland in the Iowa Wetland Management District. Our reconstructed prairie provides critical habitat for many grassland-dependent wildlife species.