DeSoto National Wildlife Refuge is located in the migratory bird corridor of the Missouri River floodplain and provides essential habitat for resident, migratory and endangered species. High quality floodplain forest, grassland, wetland, sandbar and riverine habitats support diverse and productive populations of migratory waterfowl, shorebirds and neotropical birds, as well as rare, threatened and endangered species including the pallid sturgeon, piping plover and least tern.
The refuge is a destination for people who want to explore the habitats and wildlife of this part of the Missouri River and get a glimpse of what pre-settlement Iowa and Nebraska may have looked like.
The refuge acquired its name from a historic bend on the
Missouri River. The bend was originally
named after the river town of DeSoto (incorporated in 1855), which provided a
steamboat landing and ferry crossing, promoted a railroad west, and was once
the county seat of Washington County, Nebraska.
The town of DeSoto prospered in the late 1850s and early 1860s, then
declined as residents moved on to the Colorado gold fields. The town was ultimately abandoned in the late
19th century when the Missouri River channel shifted leaving the town site
several miles west of the river, and a railroad crossing was established three
miles north in Blair, Nebraska.
In 1956 the Service made a preliminary investigation and
determined that the area had substantial potential benefits for wildlife. Coupled with a primary purpose of wildlife
conservation the refuge proposal offered extensive recreational benefits,
engendering additional local support, and appeared in the 1958 Congressional
Record as the “DeSoto–Bertrand Bend National Wildlife Refuge and Recreation
DeSoto NWR was established in March of 1958 with the approval
of the Migratory Bird Conservation Commission with the dual intention of
providing for the needs of migratory birds and providing public recreation to
local communities. Today the physical
footprint of the refuge spans 8,365 acres.
DeSoto National Wildlife Refuge is a federal fee area and a valid entry permit is required to enter the refuge or travel on roads in the refuge. Daily entrance fees are $3.00 per vehicle. Fees are collected at the visitor center or self-service fee stations at entrances. Other valid entrance permits include: The DeSoto Refuge annual pass ($15.00), Federal Duck Stamp, and Federal Recreational Lands Passes including the Annual, Senior, Access, Military or Volunteer.
DeSoto National Wildlife Refuge
1434 316th Lane
Missouri Valley, IA 51555
Refuge phone: 712/388-4800