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Wildlife & Habitat

Featured Wildlife & Habitat 

  • Chincoteague Ponies

    Chincoteague ponies - Middleton Evans.

    The modern-day descendants of those domestic horses are wild and have adapted to their environment. Prior to the refuge's establishment in 1943, the Chincoteague Volunteer Fire Company purchased the ponies and continues ownership to this day. The Firemen are allowed to graze up to 150 ponies on refuge land through a Special Use Permit from the United States Fish and Wildlife Service.

    Learn more about the Chincoteague ponies. 

  • Delmarva Fox Squirrel

    Delmarva fox squirrel - John White.

    Beginning in spring, visitors to the refuge are often treated to good views of Delmarva Peninsula fox squirrel (Sciurus niger cinereus) as they find tempting truffle treats (underground fungi that grows on tree roots) along the roadsides. Enjoy these views, but please SLOW DOWN, especially in the short drive between the fee booths and the Bateman Center. Sadly, a number of squirrels are killed each year by cars. The Delmarva fox squirrel (DFS) is an endangered species inhabiting the refuge's loblolly pine forests. Their coloring is similar to the gray squirrel, but the fox squirrel is larger and more terrestrial than the gray squirrel.

    Learn more about the Delmarva Peninsula fox squirrel. 

  • Piping Plover

    Piping plover

    In 1985, the Atlantic coast piping plover was listed as federally threatened under the Endangered Species Act (Federal Register 1985). Despite a population increase from 790 plover pairs in 1986 to 1,890 plover pairs in 2007, degradation of habitat, human disturbance, and intensified predation pressure continue to be limiting factors for piping plovers and other beach dependent birds on the Atlantic seaboard. Limiting factors have reduced the amount of optimal breeding habitat available and caused disturbance, which contribute to poor reproductive success of piping plovers and other beach nesting species. For example, construction of resorts, homes, and coastal engineering such as jetties and seawalls reduced piping plover nesting. Peak beach visitation occurs from April to September and coincides with breeding of the beach nesting piping plover.

    Learn more about piping plovers. 

  • Habitats

    Maritime forest - John White.

    Chincoteague National Wildlife Refuge has a diversity of habitats, ranging from the beach and dunes to the vast salt marshes to the west of the islands. Check out our habitats page to see pictures and learn more.

    Habitats at Chincoteague National Wildlife Refuge

Page Photo Credits — Chincoteague ponies - Middleton Evans., Delmarva fox squirrel - John White., Maritime forest - John White.
Last Updated: Mar 11, 2014
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