The vast expanse of wetland in the bog and riparian zones attracts a host of waterfowl and other water birds. Several species of ducks such as the black duck, wood duck, hooded merganser, mallard, and blue-winged teal can be seen during the spring and summer. Great blue herons, American bitterns, and double-crested cormorants are three of the larger water birds which frequent the refuge. Virginia and Sora rails, spotted sandpipers, greater yellowlegs, and long-billed dowitchers are just a few of the smaller bird species found in the bog.
The best opportunity to view refuge wildlife and wildlands is by canoeing on the waters of Carlton Pond.