The Rocky Mountain Front Conservation Area was established in 2006. The conservation area is part of a larger landscape conservation strategy to protect a unique, highly diverse, and mostly unfragmented ecosystem. Outside of Alaska, the Rocky Mountain Front is one of the last truly wild places in North America; virtually every wildlife species found there on the arrival of Lewis and Clark in 1806, with the exception of free-ranging bison, remains today. In addition, it is the only area in the continental United States with a complete group of carnivorous mammals including grizzly bear, gray wolf, wolverine, American marten, and Canada lynx. The conservation area is nested within the District and includes parts of Lewis & Clark, Teton, and Pondera Counties. The project area is bordered by the Bob Marshall Wilderness to the west, the Blackfeet Indian Reservation to the north, and its eastern boundary generally follows highways 89 and 287.
As of 2011, the USFWS had protected a total of 76,847 acres through conservation easements. Each individual easement has a variety of rights secured in the purchase, including protection of grasslands from being plowed; prohibiting the draining, burning, or filling of wetlands; and protection of habitats from being subdivided and developed. Easements are purchased or donated from willing sellers, who maintain ownership and management of their land.
Rocky Mountain Front Conservation Area – Land Protection Plan