Aside from the frequently-visited barrier island, Back Bay National Wildlife Refuge consists of thousands of acres of mixed bottomland hardwood-loblolly pine forest. Much of this land was once predominantly hardwood forest, but clear-cutting and logging permitted the quick-growing loblolly pine to take over. Reforestation of hardwood species has been conducted on 117 acres of Refuge to restore some original native tree composition of our forests. These wet forests provide habitats for a variety of wildlife, including the white-tailed deer, owls, bobcat and a host of unusual thrushes, warblers and woodpeckers. They also provide canopy corridors for squirrels, migrating songbirds and hawks.