Red Wolf Recovery Program
Southeast Region

What is a Red Wolf?


The red wolf (Canis rufus) is a native North American canid intermediate in size between coyotes (C. latrans) and gray wolves (C. lupus). Weighing 45 to 80 pounds, red wolves are about five feet long from nose to tail and stand roughly 26 inches at the shoulder. As their name suggests, red wolves are known for the characteristic reddish color of their fur most apparent behind the ears and along their neck and legs. Red Wolf

Photo Credit: Ryan Nordsven



Red wolves are social animals that live in packs consisting of a breeding adult pair and their offspring of different years, typically five to eight animals. Pups are born annually in April and May. Red wolves prey on a variety of wild mammals such as raccoon, rabbit, white-tailed deer, nutria and other rodents. Most active at dusk and dawn, red wolves are elusive and generally avoid humans and human activity.


Red Wolf

Photo Credit: John Froschauer

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Last Updated: 10/17/14