Endangered Species, Threatened Species,Federal Species of Concern, and Candidate Species,

Transylvania County, North Carolina


Updated: 1-14-2014


Critical Habitat Designations:


Appalachian elktoe - Alasmidonta raveneliana - The main stem of the Little River (French Broad River system), from the Cascade Lake Power Plant, downstream to its confluence with the French Broad River. Within these areas, the primary constituent elements include: (i) Permanent, flowing, cool, clean water; (ii)Geomorphically stable stream channels and banks; (iii)Pool, riffle, and run sequences within the channel; (iv)Stable sand, gravel, cobble, boulder, and bedrock substrates with no more than low amounts of fine sediment; (v)Moderate to high stream gradient; (vi)Periodic natural flooding; and (vii)Fish hosts, with adequate living, foraging, and spawning areas for them.
Federal Register Reference: September 27, 2002, Federal Register, 67:61016-61040.

Common Name Scientific name Federal Status Record Status
Vertebrate:
Appalachian Bewick's wren Thryomanes bewickii altus FSCHistoric
Appalachian cottontail Sylvilagus obscurus FSCCurrent
Bog turtle Clemmys muhlenbergii T (S/A)Current
Carolina northern flying squirrel Glaucomys sabrinus coloratus ECurrent
Cerulean warbler Dendroica cerulea FSCCurrent
Green salamander Aneides aeneus FSCCurrent
Hellbender Cryptobranchus alleganiensis FSCCurrent
Northern long-eared bat Myotis septentrionalis PCurrent
Northern saw-whet owl (Southern Appalachian population) Aegolius acadicus pop. 1 FSCCurrent
Pygmy salamander Desmognathus wrighti FSCCurrent
Rafinesque's big-eared bat Corynorhinus rafinesquii FSCHistoric
Red crossbill (Southern Appalachian) Loxia curvirostra FSCCurrent
Southern Appalachian black-capped chickadee Poecile atricapillus practicus FSCCurrent
Southern Appalachian eastern woodrat Neotoma floridana haematoreia FSCCurrent
Yellow-bellied sapsucker (Southern Appalachian population) Sphyrapicus varius appalachiensis FSCCurrent
Invertebrate:
Appalachian elktoe Alasmidonta raveneliana ECurrent
Diana fritillary (butterfly) Speyeria diana FSCCurrent
French Broad crayfish Cambarus reburrus FSCCurrent
Grizzled skipper Pyrgus wyandot FSCHistoric
Margarita River skimmer Macromia margarita FSCHistoric
Oconee crayfish ostracod Cymocythere clavata FSCCurrent
Tennessee clubshell Pleurobema oviforme FSCCurrent
Transylvania crayfish ostracod Waltoncythere acuta FSCHistoric
Vascular Plant:
Alexander's rock aster Eurybia avita FSCHistoric
Butternut Juglans cinerea FSCCurrent
Cuthbert turtlehead Chelone cuthbertii FSCCurrent
Fraser fir Abies fraseri FSCCurrent
Fraser's loosestrife Lysimachia fraseri FSCCurrent
French Broad heartleaf Hexastylis rhombiformis FSCCurrent
Large-leaved Grass-of-Parnassus Parnassia grandifolia FSCCurrent
Lobed Barren-strawberry Waldsteinia lobata FSCCurrent
Mountain bitter cress Cardamine clematitis FSCCurrent
Mountain sweet pitcherplant Sarracenia rubra ssp. jonesii ECurrent
Small whorled pogonia Isotria medeoloides TCurrent
Smoky Mountains manna grass Glyceria nubigena FSCCurrent
Southern Oconee-bells Shortia galacifolia var. galacifolia FSCCurrent
Spreading avens Geum radiatum ECurrent
Swamp pink Helonias bullata TCurrent
Sweet pinesap Monotropsis odorata FSCCurrent
Virginia spiraea Spiraea virginiana TCurrent
Nonvascular Plant:
Gorge moss Bryocrumia vivicolor FSCHistoric
a hornwort Aspiromitus appalachianus FSCHistoric
a liverwort Plagiochila sharpii FSCCurrent
a liverwort Porella wataugensis FSCCurrent
a liverwort Plagiochila sullivantii var. sullivantii FSCHistoric
a liverwort Plagiochila virginica var. caroliniana FSCHistoric
Lichen:
Rock gnome lichen Gymnoderma lineare ECurrent

Definitions of Federal Status Codes:
E = endangered. A taxon "in danger of extinction throughout all or a significant portion of its range."
T = threatened. A taxon "likely to become endangered within the foreseeable future throughout all or a significant portion of its range."
C = candidate. A taxon under consideration for official listing for which there is sufficient information to support listing. (Formerly "C1" candidate species.)
BGPA =Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act. See below.
FSC = federal species of concern. A species under consideration for listing, for which there is insufficient information to support listing at this time. These species may or may not be listed in the future, and many of these species were formerly recognized as "C2" candidate species.
T(S/A) = threatened due to similarity of appearance. A taxon that is threatened due to similarity of appearance with another listed species and is listed for its protection. Taxa listed as T(S/A) are not biologically endangered or threatened and are not subject to Section 7 consultation. See below.
EXP = experimental population. A taxon listed as experimental (either essential or nonessential). Experimental, nonessential populations of endangered species (e.g., red wolf) are treated as threatened species on public land, for consultation purposes, and as species proposed for listing on private land.
P = proposed. Taxa proposed for official listing as endangered or threatened will be noted as "PE" or "PT", respectively.

Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act (BGPA):

In the July 9, 2007 Federal Register( 72:37346-37372), the bald eagle was declared recovered, and removed (de-listed) from the Federal List of Threatened and Endangered wildlife. This delisting took effect August 8,2007. After delisting, the Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act (Eagle Act) (16 U.S.C. 668-668d) becomes the primary law protecting bald eagles. The Eagle Act prohibits take of bald and golden eagles and provides a statutory definition of "take" that includes "disturb". The USFWS has developed National Bald Eagle Management Guidelines to provide guidance to land managers, landowners, and others as to how to avoid disturbing bald eagles. For mor information, visit http://www.fws.gov/migratorybirds/baldeagle.htm

Threatened due to similarity of appearance(T(S/A)):

In the November 4, 1997 Federal Register (55822-55825), the northern population of the bog turtle (from New York south to Maryland) was listed as T (threatened), and the southern population (from Virginia south to Georgia) was listed as T(S/A) (threatened due to similarity of appearance). The T(S/A) designation bans the collection and interstate and international commercial trade of bog turtles from the southern population. The T(S/A) designation has no effect on land management activities by private landowners in North Carolina, part of the southern population of the species. In addition to its official status as T(S/A), the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service considers the southern population of the bog turtle as a Federal species of concern due to habitat loss.

Definitions of Record Status:
Current - the species has been observed in the county within the last 50 years.
Historic - the species was last observed in the county more than 50 years ago.
Obscure - the date and/or location of observation is uncertain.
Incidental/migrant - the species was observed outside of its normal range or habitat.
Probable/potential - the species is considered likely to occur in this county based on the proximity of known records (in adjacent counties), the presence of potentially suitable habitat, or both.