Waccamaw silverside - Menidia extensa - Lake Waccamaw in its entirety to mean high water level, and Big Creek from its mouth at Lake Waccamaw upstream approximately 0.6kilometer (0.4mile) to where the creek is crossed by County Road 1947. Constituent elements include high quality clear open water, with a neutral pH and clean substrate.
Federal Register Reference: April 8, 1987 Federal Register, 52: 11277-11286.
|Common Name||Scientific name||Federal Status||Record Status|
|American alligator||Alligator mississippiensis||T (S/A)||Current|
|American eel||Anguilla rostrata||FSC||Current|
|Atlantic sturgeon||Acipenser oxyrinchus oxyrinchus||E||Current|
|Bachman's sparrow||Aimophila aestivalis||FSC||Current|
|Bald eagle||Haliaeetus leucocephalus||BGPA||Current|
|Broadtail madtom||Noturus sp. cf. leptacanthus||FSC||Current|
|Carolina gopher frog||Rana capito capito||FSC||Current|
|Carolina pygmy sunfish||Elassoma boehlkei||FSC||Current|
|Eastern Henslow's sparrow||Ammodramus henslowii susurrans||FSC||Current|
|Mimic glass lizard||Ophisaurus mimicus||FSC||Historic|
|Rafinesque's big-eared bat||Corynorhinus rafinesquii||FSC||Historic|
|Red-cockaded woodpecker||Picoides borealis||E||Current|
|Shortnose sturgeon||Acipenser brevirostrum||E||Current|
|Southeastern myotis||Myotis austroriparius||FSC||Current|
|Waccamaw darter||Etheostoma perlongum||FSC||Current|
|Waccamaw killifish||Fundulus waccamensis||FSC||Current|
|Waccamaw silverside||Menidia extensa||T||Current|
|Wood stork||Mycteria americana||T||Current|
|Bronze clubtail||Stylurus (=Gomphus) townesi||FSC||Obscure|
|Cape Fear threetooth||Triodopsis soelneri||FSC||Historic|
|Savannah lilliput||Toxolasma pullus||FSC||Current|
|Waccamaw fatmucket||Lampsilis fullerkati||FSC||Current|
|Waccamaw spike||Elliptio waccamawensis||FSC||Current|
|Yellow lampmussel||Lampsilis cariosa||FSC||Current|
|Carolina bogmint||Macbridea caroliniana||FSC||Current|
|Carolina grass-of-parnassus||Parnassia caroliniana||FSC||Current|
|Carolina lead-plant||Amorpha georgiana var. confusa||FSC||Current|
|Cooley's meadowrue||Thalictrum cooleyi||E||Current|
|Grassleaf arrowhead||Sagittaria weatherbiana||FSC||Current|
|Harper's fimbristylis||Fimbristylis perpusilla||FSC||Current|
|Large-leaved Grass-of-Parnassus||Parnassia grandifolia||FSC||Current|
|Pineland plantain||Plantago sparsiflora||FSC||Current|
|Raven's boxseed||Ludwigia ravenii||FSC||Current|
|Rough-leaved loosestrife||Lysimachia asperulaefolia||E||Historic|
|Spring-flowering goldenrod||Solidago verna||FSC||Current|
|Swamp forest beakrush||Rhynchospora decurrens||FSC||Current|
|Venus' fly-trap||Dionaea muscipula||FSC||Current|
|Wireleaf dropseed||Sporobolus teretifolius sensu stricto||FSC||Current|
Definitions of Federal Status Codes:
E = endangered. A taxon "in danger of extinction throughout all or a significant portion of its range."
T = threatened. A taxon "likely to become endangered within the foreseeable future throughout all or a significant portion of its range."
C = candidate. A taxon under consideration for official listing for which there is sufficient information to support listing. (Formerly "C1" candidate species.)
BGPA =Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act. See below.
FSC=Federal Species of Concern. FSC is an informal term. It is not defined in the federal Endangered Species Act. In North Carolina, the Asheville and Raleigh Field Offices of the US Fish and Wildlife Service (Service) define Federal Species of Concern as those species that appear to be in decline or otherwise in need of conservation and are under consideration for listing or for which there is insufficient information to support listing at this time.Subsumed under the term "FSC" are all species petitioned by outside parties and other selected focal species identified in Service strategic plans, State Wildlife Action Plans, or Natural Heritage Program Lists.
T(S/A) = threatened due to similarity of appearance. A taxon that is threatened due to similarity of appearance with another listed species and is listed for its protection. Taxa listed as T(S/A) are not biologically endangered or threatened and are not subject to Section 7 consultation. See below.
EXP = experimental population. A taxon listed as experimental (either essential or nonessential). Experimental, nonessential populations of endangered species (e.g., red wolf) are treated as threatened species on public land, for consultation purposes, and as species proposed for listing on private land.
P = proposed. Taxa proposed for official listing as endangered or threatened will be noted as "PE" or "PT", respectively.
Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act (BGPA):
In the July 9, 2007 Federal Register( 72:37346-37372), the bald eagle was declared recovered, and removed (de-listed) from the Federal List of Threatened and Endangered wildlife. This delisting took effect August 8,2007. After delisting, the Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act (Eagle Act) (16 U.S.C. 668-668d) becomes the primary law protecting bald eagles. The Eagle Act prohibits take of bald and golden eagles and provides a statutory definition of "take" that includes "disturb". The USFWS has developed National Bald Eagle Management Guidelines to provide guidance to land managers, landowners, and others as to how to avoid disturbing bald eagles. For mor information, visit http://www.fws.gov/migratorybirds/baldeagle.htm
Threatened due to similarity of appearance(T(S/A)):
In the November 4, 1997 Federal Register (55822-55825), the northern population of the bog turtle (from New York south to Maryland) was listed as T (threatened), and the southern population (from Virginia south to Georgia) was listed as T(S/A) (threatened due to similarity of appearance). The T(S/A) designation bans the collection and interstate and international commercial trade of bog turtles from the southern population. The T(S/A) designation has no effect on land management activities by private landowners in North Carolina, part of the southern population of the species. In addition to its official status as T(S/A), the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service considers the southern population of the bog turtle as a Federal species of concern due to habitat loss.
Definitions of Record Status:
Current - the species has been observed in the county within the last 50 years.
Historic - the species was last observed in the county more than 50 years ago.
Obscure - the date and/or location of observation is uncertain.
Incidental/migrant - the species was observed outside of its normal range or habitat.
Probable/potential - the species is considered likely to occur in this county based on the proximity of known records (in adjacent counties), the presence of potentially suitable habitat, or both.