Endangered Species, Threatened Species,Federal Species of Concern, and Candidate Species,

Caldwell County, North Carolina


Updated: 1-14-2014


Critical Habitat Designations:


Spruce-fir moss spider - Microhexura montivaga - All areas of privately owned Grandfather Mountain at and above the 1,646-m (5,400-ft) contour. (Unit 4 of the Critical Habitat designation). Within these areas, the primary constituent elements include (1) Fraser fir or fir-dominated spruce-fir forests at and above 1,646-m (5,400-m) in elevation, and (2) moderately thick and humid, but not wet, moss (species in the genus Dicranodontium, and possibly Polytrichum) and/or liverwort mats on rock surfaces that are adequately sheltered from the sun and rain (by overhang and aspect) and include a thin layer of humid soil and/or humus between the moss and rock surface.
Federal Register Reference: July6, 2001, Federal Register, 66:35547-35566.

Common Name Scientific name Federal Status Record Status
Vertebrate:
Allegheny woodrat Neotoma magister FSCCurrent
Bog turtle Clemmys muhlenbergii T (S/A)Current
Carolina northern flying squirrel Glaucomys sabrinus coloratus ECurrent
Northern long-eared bat Myotis septentrionalis PCurrent
Pygmy salamander Desmognathus wrighti FSCCurrent
Virginia big-eared bat Corynorhinus townsendii virginianus ECurrent
Invertebrate:
Brook floater Alasmidonta varicosa FSCCurrent
Diana fritillary (butterfly) Speyeria diana FSCCurrent
Edmund's snaketail Ophiogomphus edmundo FSCCurrent
Margarita River skimmer Macromia margarita FSCObscure
Spruce-fir moss spider Microhexura montivaga ECurrent
Vascular Plant:
Bent avens Geum geniculatum FSCCurrent
Butternut Juglans cinerea FSCHistoric
Dwarf-flowered heartleaf Hexastylis naniflora TCurrent
Fraser fir Abies fraseri FSCCurrent
Gray's lily Lilium grayi FSCCurrent
Heller's blazing star Liatris helleri TCurrent
Mountain bitter cress Cardamine clematitis FSCCurrent
Riparian vervain Verbena riparia FSCHistoric
Sweet pinesap Monotropsis odorata FSCCurrent
Nonvascular Plant:
a liverwort Sphenolobopsis pearsonii FSCCurrent
a liverwort Plagiochila sullivantii var. sullivantii FSCHistoric
Lichen:

Definitions of Federal Status Codes:
E = endangered. A taxon "in danger of extinction throughout all or a significant portion of its range."
T = threatened. A taxon "likely to become endangered within the foreseeable future throughout all or a significant portion of its range."
C = candidate. A taxon under consideration for official listing for which there is sufficient information to support listing. (Formerly "C1" candidate species.)
BGPA =Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act. See below.
FSC=Federal Species of Concern. FSC is an informal term. It is not defined in the federal Endangered Species Act. In North Carolina, the Asheville and Raleigh Field Offices of the US Fish and Wildlife Service (Service) define Federal Species of Concern as those species that appear to be in decline or otherwise in need of conservation and are under consideration for listing or for which there is insufficient information to support listing at this time.Subsumed under the term "FSC" are all species petitioned by outside parties and other selected focal species identified in Service strategic plans, State Wildlife Action Plans, or Natural Heritage Program Lists.
T(S/A) = threatened due to similarity of appearance. A taxon that is threatened due to similarity of appearance with another listed species and is listed for its protection. Taxa listed as T(S/A) are not biologically endangered or threatened and are not subject to Section 7 consultation. See below.
EXP = experimental population. A taxon listed as experimental (either essential or nonessential). Experimental, nonessential populations of endangered species (e.g., red wolf) are treated as threatened species on public land, for consultation purposes, and as species proposed for listing on private land.
P = proposed. Taxa proposed for official listing as endangered or threatened will be noted as "PE" or "PT", respectively.

Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act (BGPA):

In the July 9, 2007 Federal Register( 72:37346-37372), the bald eagle was declared recovered, and removed (de-listed) from the Federal List of Threatened and Endangered wildlife. This delisting took effect August 8,2007. After delisting, the Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act (Eagle Act) (16 U.S.C. 668-668d) becomes the primary law protecting bald eagles. The Eagle Act prohibits take of bald and golden eagles and provides a statutory definition of "take" that includes "disturb". The USFWS has developed National Bald Eagle Management Guidelines to provide guidance to land managers, landowners, and others as to how to avoid disturbing bald eagles. For mor information, visit http://www.fws.gov/migratorybirds/baldeagle.htm

Threatened due to similarity of appearance(T(S/A)):

In the November 4, 1997 Federal Register (55822-55825), the northern population of the bog turtle (from New York south to Maryland) was listed as T (threatened), and the southern population (from Virginia south to Georgia) was listed as T(S/A) (threatened due to similarity of appearance). The T(S/A) designation bans the collection and interstate and international commercial trade of bog turtles from the southern population. The T(S/A) designation has no effect on land management activities by private landowners in North Carolina, part of the southern population of the species. In addition to its official status as T(S/A), the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service considers the southern population of the bog turtle as a Federal species of concern due to habitat loss.

Definitions of Record Status:
Current - the species has been observed in the county within the last 50 years.
Historic - the species was last observed in the county more than 50 years ago.
Obscure - the date and/or location of observation is uncertain.
Incidental/migrant - the species was observed outside of its normal range or habitat.
Probable/potential - the species is considered likely to occur in this county based on the proximity of known records (in adjacent counties), the presence of potentially suitable habitat, or both.