Wildlife Restoration Program Overview
The Federal Aid in Wildlife Restoration Act, sometimes referred to as "Pittman-Robertson" for its Congressional sponsors, placed excise taxes on firearms, ammunition, and archery equipment that are collected at the manufacturers level. Manufacturers build the cost of the tax into the selling price. The funding cycle is as follows: hunters and shooters purchase equipment; manufacturers of equipment pay the excise tax into the Wildlife Restoration Account. Funds are distributed to state agencies for conservation and management, thus creating more opportunities for hunters and shooters.
State Wildlife Restoration Apportionment
The amount of wildlife restoration funds that a state receives is determined by the state's land area and the number of paid hunting license holders. No state may receive more than 5% of the total, and no stay may receive less than ½%.
States are required to match wildlife restoration funds with at least a 25% share of state money. These matching funds come from hunting licenses or an in-kind contribution.
Types of Wildlife Restoration Projects