[Federal Register: February 21, 2006 (Volume 71, Number 34)]
[Page 8864-8865]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]



Fish and Wildlife Service

Draft Safe Harbor Agreement and Application for an Enhancement of 
Survival Permit for the Ocelot in South Texas

AGENCY: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice of availability; receipt of application.


SUMMARY: Environmental Defense, Inc. (ED) (Applicant) has applied to 
the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service) for an enhancement of 
survival permit under section 10(a)(1)(A) of the Endangered Species Act 
(Act) of 1973, as amended. The requested permit, which is for a period 
of 30 years, would authorize the Applicant to issue certificates of 
inclusion under a Safe Harbor Agreement (SHA) to private landowners who 
would voluntarily agree to carry out habitat improvements for the Texas 
ocelot subspecies (Leopardus pardalis albescens). We invite the public 
to review and comment on the permit application and the associated 
draft SHA.

DATES: To ensure consideration, written comments must be received on or 
before March 23, 2006.

ADDRESSES: Persons wishing to review the application, draft SHA, or 
other related documents may obtain a copy by written or telephone 
request to Robyn Cobb, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, c/o TAMU-CC, 
6300 Ocean Drive, USFWS-Unit 5837, Corpus Christi, Texas 78412-5837 
(361/994-9005). The application will also be available for public 
inspection, by appointment only, during normal business hours (8 a.m. 
to 4:30 p.m.) at the Service's Corpus Christi Office. Comments 
concerning the application, draft SHA, or other related documents 
should be submitted in writing to the Field Supervisor at the above 
address. Please refer to permit number TE-117030-0 when submitting 
comments. All comments received, including names and addresses, will 
become a part of the official administrative record and may be made 
available to the public.

Wildlife Service Corpus Christi Office, c/o TAMU-CC, 6300 Ocean Drive, 
USFWS-Unit 5837, Corpus Christi, Texas 78412-5837 (361/994-9005).

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The ocelot was listed as endangered 
throughout its entire range in 1982. However, this action is proposed 
for the Texas ocelot subspecies, whose range included much of south, 
central, and east Texas, and into western Louisiana and Arkansas, as 
well as much of northern Mexico east of

[[Page 8865]]

the Sierra Madre Oriental. Habitat can be characterized by dense 
thornscrub, including a variety of thorny, scrubby vegetation.
    Currently, the U.S. population of ocelots is known only from two 
populations in three counties. The two largest remaining habitat 
``islands,'' Laguna Atascosa National Wildlife Refuge (LANWR) and a 
private ranch in Willacy County, support a combined total of 
approximately 50 to 100 ocelots. On-going threats to the ocelot include 
conversion of habitat to agricultural and residential development uses, 
vehicle strikes, disease, and genetic inbreeding.
    The future existence of the ocelot in south Texas will require a 
system of interconnected habitat blocks that support sub-populations by 
enabling interbreeding. The majority of land within the current range 
of the ocelot in South Texas is privately owned. Therefore, the 
participation of private landowners is critical to the recovery of this 
    Habitat enhancement activities could cover all, or portions of the 
following Texas counties: Cameron, Hidalgo, Kenedy, Starr, and Willacy. 
Habitat enhancement activities could include, but are not limited to, 
site preparation to facilitate planting and survival of native 
thornscrub seedlings; planting of native thornscrub seedlings; 
designing, installing, and maintaining water systems to enhance 
seedling and sapling survival; and post-planting shredding, prescribed 
fire, and/or application of herbicides to enhance seedling and sapling 
    All properties to be enrolled will have a zero baseline. Zero 
baseline will be any property with less than 50 percent shrub and tree 
(combined) canopy cover. Properties that exceed 50 percent shrub and 
tree (combined) canopy cover that are dominated by one species (e.g., 
huisache (Acacia smalli) or honey mesquite (Prosopis glandulosa)) may 
also be enrolled as zero baseline. Enrolled properties that exceed 20 
acres in extent can include no more than 10 contiguous acres of optimal 
habitat. Tewes and Everett (1986) classified optimal habitat as 95 
percent or greater canopy cover of the shrub layer (Class A); 
suboptimal habitat as 75 percent to 95 percent canopy cover (Class B); 
and inadequate cover was 75 percent or less (Class C).
    We provide this notice under section 10(c) of the Act (16 U.S.C. 
1531 et seq.), the National Environmental Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 4371 et 
seq.), and its implementing regulations (40 CFR 1506.6).

Geoffrey L. Haskett,
Acting Regional Director, Region 2, Albuquerque, New Mexico.
[FR Doc. E6-2394 Filed 2-17-06; 8:45 am]