[Federal Register: December 20, 2004 (Volume 69, Number 243)]


[Page 76003-76004]

From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]




Fish and Wildlife Service


Recovery Plan for Chorizanthe robusta var. robusta (Robust 


AGENCY: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice of document availability.


SUMMARY: The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (``we'') announces the 

availability of the Recovery Plan for Chorizanthe robusta var. robusta 

(Robust Spineflower). This plant taxon is found along the central coast 

of California, primarily in Santa Cruz and Marin Counties. 

Historically, this plant also occurred in San Francisco, Alameda, Santa 

Clara, San Mateo, and Monterey Counties, California.

ADDRESSES: Copies of this recovery plan are available by request from 

the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office, 

2493 Portola Road, Suite B, Ventura, California 93003 (telephone: 805-

644-1766). An electronic copy of the recovery plan is also available 

at: http://endangered.fws.gov/recovery/index.html#plans.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Connie Rutherford, Botanist, at the 

above Ventura address.



    Restoring endangered or threatened animals and plants to the point 

where they are again secure, self-sustaining members of their 

ecosystems is a primary goal of our endangered species program. To help 

guide the recovery effort, we are working to prepare recovery plans for 

most of the listed species native to the United States. Recovery plans 

describe actions considered necessary for the conservation of the 

species, establish criteria for the recovery levels for downlisting or 

delisting them, and estimate time and cost for implementing the 

recovery measures needed.

    The Endangered Species Act (Act) requires the development of 

recovery plans for listed species unless such a plan would not promote 

the conservation of a particular species. Section 4(f) of the Act 

requires that public notice and an opportunity for public review and 

comment be provided during recovery plan development. The Draft 

Recovery Plan for Chorizanthe robusta var. robusta was available for 

public comment from September 19, 2000, through November 20, 2000 (65 

FR 56590). Information presented during the public comment period has 

been considered in the preparation of this final recovery plan, and is 

summarized in Appendix C of the recovery plan. We will forward 

substantive comments regarding recovery plan implementation to 

appropriate Federal or other entities so they can take these comments 

into account in the course of implementing recovery actions.

    Chorizanthe robusta var. robusta was listed as endangered in 1994, 

and 190 hectares (469 acres) of critical habitat were designated in 

2002. Chorizanthe robusta var. robusta is restricted to sandy soils 

along the coast and near-coastal areas in Santa Cruz County, and from 

the Point Reyes National Seashore in Marin County, California.

    Chorizanthe robusta var. robusta is threatened by urban 

development, recreational activities, and competition with non-native 

vegetation. In addition, some of the populations contain very

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low numbers of individuals, which put them at great risk of extinction 

due to random naturally occurring (stochastic) events.

    The objective of this plan is to provide a framework for the 

recovery of Chorizanthe robusta var. robusta so that protection by the 

Act is no longer necessary. Actions necessary to accomplish this 

objective include: (1) Protect existing habitat; (2) manage existing 

habitat through implementation plans; (3) conduct research on the 

taxonomy, ecology, biology, and management of Chorizanthe robusta var. 

robusta; (4) establish new populations within the historical range of 

the species; (5) review and revise recovery guidelines; and (6) develop 

and implement an outreach program to provide information to the public.

    Authority: The authority for this action is section 4(f) of the 

Endangered Species Act, 16 U.S.C. 1533(f).

    Dated: August 23, 2004.

Steve Thompson,

Manager, California/Nevada Operations Office, U.S. Fish and Wildlife 


[FR Doc. 04-27811 Filed 12-17-04; 8:45 am]