[Federal Register: November 29, 2002 (Volume 67, Number 230)]
[Proposed Rules]               
[Page 71235-71438]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr29no02-25]                         
 


[[Page 71235]]


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Part II










Department of the Interior










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Fish and Wildlife Service






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50 CFR Part 17






Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Proposed Designation of 
Critical Habitat for the Klamath River and Columbia River Distinct 
Population Segments of Bull Trout and Notice of Availability of the 
Draft Recovery Plan; Proposed Rule and Notice




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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR


Fish and Wildlife Service


50 CFR Part 17


RIN 1018-AI52


 
Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Proposed 
Designation of Critical Habitat for the Klamath River and Columbia 
River Distinct Population Segments of Bull Trout


AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior.


ACTION: Proposed rule.


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SUMMARY: We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service), propose 
designation of critical habitat for the Klamath River and Columbia 
River distinct population segments of bull trout (Salvelinus 
confluentus) pursuant to the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended 
(Act). For the Klamath River distinct population segment (DPS), the 
proposed critical habitat designation includes approximately 476 
kilometers (km) (296 miles (mi)) of streams and 13,735 hectares (ha) 
(33,939 acres (ac)) of lakes and marshes in Oregon. For the Columbia 
River DPS, the proposed critical habitat designation totals 
approximately 29,251 km (18,175 mi) of streams and 201,850 ha (498,782 
ac) of lakes and reservoirs, which includes: approximately 14,416 km 
(8,958 mi) of streams and 83,219 ha (205,639 ac) of lakes and 
reservoirs in the State of Idaho; 5,341 km (3,319 mi) of streams and 
88,051 ha (217,577 ac) of lakes and reservoirs in the State of Montana; 
5,460 km (3,391 mi) of streams and 18,077 ha (44,670 ac) of lakes and 
reservoirs in the State of Oregon; and 4,034 km (2,507 mi) of streams 
and 12,503 ha (30,897 ac) of lakes and reservoirs in the State of 
Washington.
    If this proposal is made final, Federal agencies will be required 
to meet the requirements of section 7(a)(2) of the Act with regard to 
critical habitat. Specifically, Federal agencies shall, in consultation 
with us, ensure that any action they authorize, fund, or carry out is 
not likely to result in the destruction or adverse modification of 
critical habitat. The term ``destruction or adverse modification'' 
means direct or indirect alteration that appreciably diminishes the 
value of the critical habitat for both the survival and recovery of a 
listed species (50 CFR 402.02). Section 4(b)(2) of the Act requires our 
designation of critical habitat to be made on the basis of the best 
scientific data available and after taking into consideration the 
economic impact, and any other relevant impact, of specifying any 
particular area as critical habitat.
    We solicit data and comments from the public on all aspects of this 
proposal, including data on economic and other impacts of the 
designation. We may revise this proposal prior to final designation to 
address new information received during the comment period.


DATES: We will consider all comments on this proposed rule received 
until the close of business on January 28, 2003. We will hold public 
hearings from 6 p.m. to 8 p.m. at the following locations on the dates 
specified: Wenatchee, WA, on January 7, 2003; Polson, MT, on January 7, 
2003; Salmon, ID, on January 7, 2003; Spokane, WA, on January 9, 2003; 
Lewiston, ID, on January 9, 2003; Boise, ID, on January 14, 2003; 
Eugene, OR, on January 14, 2003; Pendleton, OR, on January 16, 2003; 
and Klamath Falls, OR, on January 22, 2003. (See the Public Hearings 
section for additional information, including specific addresses for 
each location.)


ADDRESSES: If you wish to comment, you may submit your comments and 
materials by any of several methods:
    You may submit written comments and information to John Young, Bull 
Trout Coordinator, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Branch of Endangered 
Species, 911 NE. 11th Avenue, Portland, Oregon 97232 (telephone 503/
231-6131; facsimile 503/231-6243).
    You may hand-deliver written comments to our office during normal 
business hours at the address given above.
    You may also send comments by electronic mail (e-mail) to: 
R1BullTroutCH@r1.fws.gov.
    See the Public Comments Solicited section below for file format and 
other information about electronic filing.
    Comments and materials received will be available for public 
inspection, by appointment, during normal business hours at the above 
address.


FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: John Young, at the above address, 
(telephone 503/231-6131; facsimile 503/231-6243).


SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:


Background


    Bull trout (Salvelinus confluentus) are members of the char 
subgroup of the family Salmonidae and are native to waters of western 
North America. The historic range of bull trout includes major river 
basins in the Pacific Northwest from about 41[deg] N to 60[deg] N 
latitude, extending south to the McCloud River in northern California 
and the Jarbidge River in Nevada, and north to the headwaters of the 
Yukon River in Northwest Territories, Canada (Cavender 1978; Bond 
1992). To the west, bull trout range includes Puget Sound, various 
coastal rivers of British Columbia, Canada, and southeast Alaska (Bond 
1992). Bull trout are relatively dispersed in the Columbia River and 
Snake River basins, extending east to headwater streams in Montana and 
Idaho, and into Canada. Bull trout also occur in the Klamath River 
basin of south-central Oregon. East of the Continental Divide in 
Canada, bull trout are found in the headwaters of the Saskatchewan 
River in Alberta and the MacKenzie River system in Alberta and British 
Columbia (Cavender 1978; Brewin and Brewin 1997).
    Bull trout were first described as Salmo spectabilis by Girard in 
1856, and subsequently described under various names, such as Salmo 
confluentus and Salvelinus malma (Cavender 1978). Bull trout and Dolly 
Varden (Salvelinus malma) previously were considered a single species 
(Cavender 1978; Bond 1992). However, in 1980, the American Fisheries 
Society formally recognized bull trout and Dolly Varden as separate 
species based on various specific physical differences and 
distributional information (Cavender 1978; Robins et al. 1980). Bull 
trout have an elongated body and large mouth, with the maxilla (jaw) 
extending beyond the eye and with well-developed teeth on both jaws and 
head of the vomer (a bone in teleost fishes that forms the front part 
of the roof of the mouth and often bears teeth). Bull trout have 11 
dorsal fin rays, 9 anal fin rays, and the caudal fin is slightly 
forked. Although they are often olive green to brown with paler sides, 
color is variable with locality and habitat.
    Bull trout exhibit a number of life-history strategies. Stream-
resident bull trout complete their entire life cycle in the tributary 
streams where they spawn and rear. Some bull trout are migratory, 
spawning in tributary streams where juvenile fish usually rear from 1 
to 4 years before migrating to either a larger river (fluvial) or lake 
(adfluvial) where they spend their adult life, returning to the 
tributary stream to spawn (Fraley and Shepard 1989). These migratory 
forms occur in areas where conditions allow for movement from upper 
watershed spawning streams to larger downstream waters that contain 
greater foraging opportunities (Dunham and Rieman 1999). Resident and 

migratory forms may be found together, and either form can produce 
resident or migratory offspring (Rieman and McIntyre 1993). Bull trout 
in the Coastal-Puget Sound area are believed to include an


[[Page 71237]]


anadromous form which migrates to saltwater to mature, returning to 
streams to spawn (64 FR 58912).
    The size of bull trout is variable depending on life-history 
strategy. Resident bull trout tend to be small, averaging 200 
millimeters (mm) (8 inches (in)) in length and rarely exceeding 305 mm 
(12 in). Adults that migrate to larger downstream rivers average about 
405 mm (16 in), and often exceed 610 mm (24 in) (Goetz 1989). Maximum 
sizes are reached in large lakes and reservoirs where adults grow over 
685 mm (27 in) in length and 10 kilograms (kg) (22 pounds (lbs)) in 
weight (McPhail and Baxter 1996). The largest recorded bull trout was 
taken in Lake Pend Oreille, Idaho, in 1949; it was almost 1 meter (m) 
(39 in) long and weighed 14.6 kg (32 lbs) (Simpson and Wallace 1982).
    Under appropriate conditions, bull trout regularly live to 10 
years, and under exceptional circumstances, reach ages in excess of 20 
years (Fraley and Shepard 1989; McPhail and Baxter 1996). They normally 
reach sexual maturity in 4 to 7 years.
    Bull trout are opportunistic feeders, with food habits that 
primarily are a function of size and life history strategy. Resident 
and juvenile migratory bull trout prey on terrestrial and aquatic 
insects, macro-zooplankton, and small fish (Donald and Alger 1993; 
McPhail and Baxter 1996). Adult migratory bull trout feed almost 
exclusively on other fish (Rieman and McIntyre 1993).
    Bull trout have more specific habitat requirements than most other 
salmonids (Rieman and McIntyre 1993). Habitat components that 
particularly influence their distribution and abundance include water 
temperature, cover, channel form and stability, spawning and rearing 
substrate conditions, and migratory corridors (Fraley and Shepard 1989; 
Goetz 1989; Watson and Hillman 1997).
    Relatively cold water temperatures are characteristic of bull trout 
habitat. Water temperatures above 15 [deg]Celsius (C) (59 
[deg]Fahrenheit (F)) are believed to limit their distribution (Fraley 
and Shepard 1989; Rieman and McIntyre 1996). Although adults have been 
observed in large rivers throughout the Columbia River basin in water 
temperatures up to 20 [deg]C (68 [deg]F), Gamett (1999) documented 
steady and substantial declines in abundance in stream reaches where 
water temperature ranged from 15 to 20 [deg]C (59 to 68 [deg]F). Thus, 
water temperature may partially explain the generally patchy 
distribution of bull trout in a watershed. In large rivers, bull trout 
are often observed ``dipping'' into the lower reaches of tributary 
streams, and it is suspected that cooler waters in these tributary 
mouths may provide important thermal refugia, allowing them to forage, 
migrate, and overwinter in waters that would otherwise be, at least 
seasonally, too warm. Spawning areas often are associated with cold-
water springs, groundwater infiltration, and the coldest streams in a 
given watershed (Pratt 1992; Rieman and McIntyre 1993; Rieman et al. 
1997).
    Throughout their lives, bull trout require complex forms of cover, 
including large woody debris, undercut banks, boulders, and pools 
(Fraley and Shepard 1989; Watson and Hillman 1997). Juveniles and 
adults frequently inhabit side channels, stream margins, and pools with 
suitable cover (Sexauer and James 1997). McPhail and Baxter (1996) 
reported that newly emerged fry are secretive and hide in gravel along 
stream edges and in side channels. They also reported that juveniles 
are found mainly in pools but also in riffles and runs that they 
maintain focal sites near the bottom, and that they are strongly 
associated with instream cover, particularly overhead cover. Bull trout 
have been observed overwintering in deep beaver ponds or pools 
containing large woody debris (Jakober 1995). Adult bull trout 
migrating to spawning areas have been recorded as staying two to four 
weeks at the mouths of spawning tributaries in deeper holes or near log 
or cover debris (Fraley and Shepard (1989)).
    The stability of stream channels and stream flows are important 
habitat characteristics for bull trout populations (Rieman and McIntyre 
1993). The side channels, stream margins, and pools with suitable cover 
for bull trout are sensitive to activities that directly or indirectly 
affect stream channel stability and alter natural flow patterns. For 
example, altered stream flow in the fall may disrupt bull trout during 
the spawning period, and channel instability may decrease survival of 
eggs and young juveniles in the gravel during winter through spring 
(Fraley and Shepard 1989; Pratt 1992; Pratt and Huston 1993).
    Watson and Hillman (1997) concluded that watersheds must have 
specific physical characteristics to provide the necessary habitat 
requirements for bull trout spawning and rearing, and that the 
characteristics are not necessarily ubiquitous throughout the 
watersheds in which bull trout occur. The preferred spawning habitat of 
bull trout consists of low-gradient stream reaches with loose, clean 
gravel (Fraley and Shepard 1989). Bull trout typically spawn from 
August to November during periods of decreasing water temperatures 
(Swanberg 1997). However, migratory forms are known to begin spawning 
migrations as early as April, and to move upstream as much as 250 km 
(155 mi) to spawning areas (Fraley and Shepard 1989; Swanberg 1997). 
Fraley and Shepard (1989) reported that initiation of spawning by bull 
trout in the Flathead River system appeared to be related largely to 
water temperature, with spawning initiated when water temperatures 
dropped below 9-10 [deg]C (48 to 50 [deg]F). Goetz (1989) reported a 
temperature range from 4 to 10 [deg]C (39 to 50 [deg]F) (Goetz 1989). 
Such areas often are associated with cold-water springs or groundwater 
upwelling (Rieman et al. 1997; Baxter et al. 1999). Fraley and Shepard 
(1989) also found that groundwater influence and proximity to cover are 
important factors influencing spawning site selection. They reported 
that the combination of relatively specific requirements resulted in a 
restricted spawning distribution in relation to available stream 
habitat.
    Depending on water temperature, egg incubation is normally 100 to 
145 days (Pratt 1992). Water temperatures of 1.2 to 5.4 [deg]C (34.2 to 
41.7 [deg]F) have been reported for incubation, with an optimum (best 
embryo survivorship) temperature reported to be from 2 to 4 [deg]C (36 
to 39 [deg]F) (Fraley and Shepard 1989; McPhail and Baxter 1996). 
Juveniles remain in the substrate after hatching, such that the time 
from egg deposition to emergence of fry can exceed 200 days. During the 
relatively long incubation period in the gravel, bull trout eggs are 
especially vulnerable to fine sediments and water quality degradation 
(Fraley and Shepard 1989). Increases in fine sediment appear to reduce 
egg survival and emergence (Pratt 1992). Juveniles are likely similarly 
affected. High juvenile densities have been reported in areas 
characterized by a diverse cobble substrate and a low percent of fine 
sediments (Shepard et al. 1984).
    The ability to migrate is important to the persistence of local 
bull trout subpopulations (Rieman and McIntyre 1993; Gilpin 1997; 
Rieman and Clayton 1997; Rieman et al. 1997). Bull trout rely on 
migratory corridors to move from spawning and rearing habitats to 
foraging and overwintering habitats and back. Migratory bull trout 
become much larger than resident fish in the more productive waters of 
larger streams and lakes, leading to increased reproductive potential 
(McPhail and Baxter 1996). The use of migratory corridors by bull trout 
also results in increased dispersion, facilitating gene flow among 
local populations when individuals


[[Page 71238]]


from different local populations interbreed, stray, or return to 
nonnatal streams. Also, local populations that have been extirpated by 
catastrophic events may become reestablished as a result of movements 
by bull trout through migratory corridors (Rieman and McIntyre 1993, 
Montana Bull Trout Scientific Group (MBTSG) 1998).
    While stream habitats have received more attention, lakes and 
reservoirs also figure prominently in meeting the life cycle 
requirements of bull trout. For adfluvial bull trout populations, lakes 
and reservoirs provide an important component of the core foraging, 
migrating, and overwintering habitat, and are integral to maintaining 
the adfluvial life history strategy that is commonly exhibited by bull 
trout. When juvenile bull trout emigrate downstream to a lake or 
reservoir from the spawning and rearing streams in the headwaters, they 
enter a more productive lentic environment that allows them to achieve 
rapid growth and energy storage. Typically, juvenile bull trout are at 
least two years old and 100 mm (4 inches) or longer upon entry to the 
lake environment. For the next 2-4 years they grow rapidly. At a 
typical age of five years or older, when total length normally exceeds 
400 mm (16 inches), they reach sexual maturity. The lake environment 
provides the necessary attributes of food, space, and shelter for the 
subadult fish to prepare for the rigors of migratory passage upstream 
to the natal spawning area, a migration that may last as long as six 
months and cover distances as much as 250 km (155 mi) upriver.
    When adfluvial bull trout reach adulthood and complete the spawning 
migration, mating in the fall in the stream where they originated, they 
usually return downstream to the lake very rapidly. Adult adfluvial 
bull trout may live as long as 20 years and can complete multiple 
migrations between the lake and the spawning stream. In many 
populations, alternate year spawning is the normal pattern, and adult 
fish may require as much as 20 months in the lake or reservoir habitat 
to facilitate adequate energy storage and gamete development before 
they return to spawn again.
    In comparison to streams, lake and reservoir environments are 
relatively more secure from catastrophic natural events. They provide a 
sanctuary for bull trout, allowing them to quickly rebound from 
temporary adverse conditions in the spawning and rearing habitat. For 
example, if a major wildfire burns a drainage and eliminates most or 
all aquatic life (a rare occurrence), bull trout subadults and adults 
that survive in the lake may return the following year to repopulate 
the system. In this way, lakes and reservoirs provide an important 
adaptive element of the adfluvial life history strategy.
    The construction of reservoirs may have had adverse effects to bull 
trout, but some reservoirs also have provided unintended benefits. For 
example, the basin of Hungry Horse Reservoir has functioned adequately 
for fifty years as a surrogate home for stranded Flathead Lake bull 
trout trapped upstream of the dam when it was completed. While this is 
an artificial impoundment, the habitat the reservoir provides and the 
presence of an enhanced prey base of native minnows, suckers, and 
whitefish within the reservoir sustain a large adfluvial bull trout 
population. Additionally, while barriers to migration are often viewed 
as a negative consequence of dams, the connectivity barrier at Hungry 
Horse Dam has also served an important, albeit unintended, function in 
restricting the proliferation of nonnative Salvelinus species (brook 
trout and lake trout) from downstream areas upstream above the dam.
    In addition to considering various habitat features and other 
factors that relate to individuals and populations of bull trout in 
relatively localized areas, attention also is being given to broader 
scale considerations of the distribution and abundance of bull trout, 
based on applying the theories and principles of conservation biology 
and metapopulation dynamics (Rieman and McIntyre 1993; Kanda 1998). 
Conservation biology is a scientific discipline that has emerged from a 
basis in several other sciences (e.g., population genetics, demography, 
biogeography, and community ecology) and addresses applied problems in 
conservation, especially diversity, scarcity, and extinction (Noss and 
Cooperrider 1994). A metapopulation is an interacting network of local 
subpopulations, in which individual demographics units are connected 
through dispersal and migration with varying frequencies of gene flow 
among them (Meefe and Carroll 1994). Metapopulation models are used in 
conservation biology to describe the structure and dynamics of 
populations that occur in different locations across a landscape and to 
identify subpopulations, habitat patches, and links between habitat 
patches that are of crucial importance to maintaining the overall 
metapopulation. Under conditions where metapopulation dynamics are 
functioning, providing an appropriate amount and spatial distribution 
of habitat to support metapopulations can be crucial to reducing the 
risk of extinction of a species or population because even though local 
subpopulations may become extinct, they can be replaced (reestablished) 
by individuals from other local subpopulations or populations.
    One of the key factors influencing the distribution and abundance 
of bull trout is the extent to which habitat patches in sufficient 
number and proximity provide for the natural reestablishment of local 
subpopulations. The rate at which reestablishment might occur is 
another key factor. Because bull trout exhibit strong homing fidelity 
when spawning and their rate of straying appears to be low, natural 
reestablishment of extinct local subpopulations may take a very long 
time even if habitat connectivity is retained.
    Genetic diversity in bull trout is another issue of concern, and is 
related to the distribution and abundance of bull trout habitat and 
populations. Habitat alteration, primarily through construction of 
impoundments, dams, and water diversions, has substantially increased 
habitat fragmentation, eliminated migratory corridors, and isolated 
bull trout, often in the headwaters of tributaries (Rieman et al. 
1997). In their review of the status of bull trout populations in 
Oregon, Ratliff and Howell (1992) described various factors that have 
resulted in bull trout populations becoming largely fragmented and 
isolated in the upper reaches of drainages, with most of the remaining 
populations being the resident form of bull trout, rather than the 
migratory forms that would have used the lower stream reaches that now 
have been altered by various types of developments or by cumulative 
impacts from upstream areas. Ratliff and Howell specifically noted that 
habitat fragmentation and the resulting isolation of populations can 
exacerbate problems facing declining populations, including reduced 
genetic variability that can lead to inbreeding depression, further 
lowering productivity and increasing the risk of extinction. They 
described the loss of fluvial and adfluvial life histories as a major 
concern for bull trout conservation, noting that these larger fish have 
greater reproductive potential because of their increased fecundity and 
also are less likely to hybridize with the smaller brook trout that 
often co-occur in spawning areas.
    Genetic diversity enhances long-term survival of a species by 
increasing the likelihood that the species is able to survive changing 
environmental conditions. For instance, a local


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population of bull trout may contain individuals with genes that 
enhance their ability to survive in the prevailing local environmental 
conditions (Leary et al. 1993; Spruell et al. 1999; Hard 1995). 
Individuals with a different genetic complement may persist in the 
local population in much lower abundance than those with locally 
adapted genes. However, if environmental conditions change due to 
natural processes or human activities, the survival of individuals 
adapted to previous conditions may no longer be enhanced. Individuals 
with the alternative genetic complement may increase in relative 
abundance if their survival is enhanced in the altered environmental 
conditions. Moreover, considerable genetic diversity may be distributed 
among local populations so that changing environmental conditions could 
lead to extirpation of a local population of bull trout, but the area 
could be repopulated by individuals from another local population that 
possess genes whose survival is enhanced under the new conditions. If 
the overall genetic diversity distributed across local populations of 
bull trout is reduced by the loss of local populations, the ability of 
the species to respond to changing conditions is likewise reduced, 
leading to a higher likelihood of extinction (Rieman and McIntyre 1993; 
Leary et al. 1993; Spruell et al. 1999; Hard 1995; Rieman and Allendorf 
2001).
    Bull trout populations contain low levels of genetic variability 
within them compared to relatively high levels of divergence and 
variability exhibited among populations (Leary et al. 1993; Leary and 
Allendorf 1997; Spruell et al. 1999; Taylor et al. 1999). For example, 
Leary et al. (1993) state that ``* * * a relatively high amount (40%) 
of the total genetic variation within the Columbia River drainage is * 
* * due to genetic differences among samples. This is in striking 
contrast to the results * * * with rainbow trout and * * * with chinook 
salmon * * * where only 10% of the total genetic variation was due to 
genetic differences among populations sampled from a geographical area 
similar to that of our samples of bull trout.'' This type of genetic 
structuring indicates limited gene flow among bull trout populations, 
which may encourage local adaption within individual populations 
(Spruell et al. 1999; Healey and Prince 1995; Hard 1995; Rieman and 
McIntyre 1993).
    Current information on the distribution of genetic diversity within 
and among bull trout populations is based on molecular characteristics 
of individual genes. While such analyses are extremely useful, they are 
not likely to detect variability in adaptive traits that are dependent 
on both the genotype (molecular genetic characteristics) and phenotype 
(observable expression, which may be influenced by genotype, the 
environment, and interactions of both) of an organism (Hard 1995). We 
may not be able to directly detect or measure the relations among 
genetic diversity, phenotypes, and adaptive traits of a population. 
Although the loss of a few populations may have little effect on 
overall genetic diversity, without conserving suites of populations and 
their habitats (i.e., core areas and, on a larger scale, recovery 
units), the loss of phenotypic diversity may be substantial, with 
negative consequences to the viability of the species (Healey and 
Prince 1995; Hard 1995; Rieman and McIntyre 1993; Nelson et al. 2002; 
MBTSG 1998; Taylor et al. 1999). Therefore, the maintenance of 
phenotypic variability and plasticity for adaptive traits (e.g., 
variability in body size and form, foraging efficiency, and timing of 
migrations, spawning, and maturation) is achieved by conserving 
populations, their habitats, and opportunities for the species to take 
advantage of habitat diversity (Healey and Prince 1995; Hard 1995).
    Studies to understand the relations among genotypic, phenotypic, 
and environmental variability relative to bull trout have been 
conducted. For example, Spruell et al. (1999) found that bull trout at 
five different spawning sites within a tributary drainage of Lake Pend 
Oreille, Idaho, were differentiated based on genetic analyses 
(microsatellite DNA), indicating fidelity to spawning sites and 
relatively low rates of gene flow among sites. Genetic isolation of 
bull trout and environmental variability of tributary streams in the 
Lake Pend Oreille system implies that bull trout may be uniquely 
adapted within and among spawning tributaries in the system. Because 
bull trout in the coterminous United States are distributed over a wide 
geographic area consisting of various environmental conditions, and 
because they exhibit considerable genetic differentiation among 
populations, the occurrence of local adaptation is expected to be 
extensive. Some readily observable examples of differentiation between 
populations include external morphology and behavior (e.g., size and 
coloration of individuals; timing of spawning and migratory forays). 
Thus, conserving many populations across the range of the species is 
crucial to adequately protect genetic and phenotypic diversity of bull 
trout (Hard 1995; Healey and Prince 1995; Taylor et al.1999; Rieman and 
McIntyre 1993; Spruell et al. 1999; Leary et al. 1993; Rieman and 
Allendorf 2001). Changes in habitats and prevailing environmental 
conditions are increasingly likely to result in extinction of bull 
trout if genetic and phenotypic diversity is lost.
    Scientific evidence also supports the position that maintaining 
multiple bull trout populations distributed and interconnected 
throughout their current range will provide a mechanism for reducing 
the risk of extinction from stochastic events (Rieman and McIntyre 
1993; Rieman and Allendorf 2001; Spruell et al. 1999; Healey and Prince 
1995; Hard 1995). Bull trout have a broad distribution and are 
relatively secure in some parts of their range. However, declines and 
local extinctions have occurred. Current patterns in the distribution 
and other empirical evidence, when interpreted in view of emerging 
conservation theory, indicate that further declines and local 
extinctions are likely (Rieman et al. 1997; Spruell et al. 2002; Rieman 
and Allendorf 2001; Dunham and Rieman 1999).
    The range of the bull trout has decreased in comparison to the 
known and estimated historic range in the conterminous United States. 
Bull trout are now extinct in northern California. Elsewhere, 
populations have been much reduced, fragmented, or eliminated from the 
main stems of many large river systems.
    Historical records for the Klamath River basin suggest that bull 
trout in this distinct population segment were once widely distributed 
and exhibited diverse life-history traits in that part of their range 
(Ziller 1992). Currently, however, bull trout in this basin are almost 
entirely nonmigratory, resident fish that are confined to headwater 
streams (Goetz 1989). There currently are nine naturally occurring, 
nonmigratory populations, and one remnant fluvial population, that 
still occur in the Upper Klamath Lake, Sprague River, and Sycan Marsh 
watersheds in Oregon. They represent an estimated 21 percent of the 
estimated historic range of bull trout in the Klamath River basin 
(Quigley and Arbelbide 1997). These known remaining local populations 
are considered to be quite low in abundance; they are highly isolated 
from one another as a result of natural and human-caused conditions and 
are at substantial risk of extirpation due to natural disturbance 
cycles, random events, and other risk factors (Light et al. 1996).
    The Columbia River population segment includes bull trout residing 
in


[[Page 71240]]


portions of Oregon, Washington, Idaho, and Montana. Bull trout are 
estimated to have once occupied about 60 percent of the Columbia River 
basin; they presently are known or predicted to occur in less than half 
(approximately 45 percent) of watersheds in the historical range 
(Quigley and Arbelbide 1997), which amounts to approximately 27 percent 
of the basin. The principal river systems and lakes/reservoirs in the 
Columbia River basin where bull trout currently are known to occur are 
as follows: The Willamette River system (in upper tributaries only), 
Lewis River, Klickitat River, Hood River, Deschutes River, Metolius 
River, Lake Billy Chinook, Odell Lake, John Day River, Sycan River, 
Sprague River, Umatilla River, Walla Walla River, Yakima River, 
Columbia River, Snake River, Tucannon River, Grande Ronde River, 
Clearwater River, Asotin Creek, Imnaha River, Salmon River, Little Lost 
River, Malheur River, Powder River, Payette River, Boise River, Weiser 
River, Wenatchee River, Entiat River, Methow River, Rimrock Lake, 
Spokane River, Pend Oreille River, Flathead River, Swan River, Clark 
Fork River, Kootenai River, Bitterroot River, Blackfoot River, Hungry 
Horse Reservoir, Swan Lake, and Flathead Lake (Bull Trout Draft 
Recovery Plan (Draft Recovery Plan), USFWS 2002).
    Although still relatively widely distributed in the Columbia River 
basin, bull trout occur in low numbers in many areas, and populations 
are considered depressed or declining across much of their range 
(Ratliff and Howell 1992; Schill 1992; Thomas 1992; Buchanan et al. 
1997; Rieman et al. 1997, Quigley and Arbelbide 1997). Another 
evaluation of the distribution and status of bull trout within the 
Columbia River and Klamath River basins indicates bull trout are 
present in about 36 percent of the subwatersheds in their potential 
range and are estimated to have strong populations in only 6 to 12 
percent of the potential range, with most populations considered to be 
depressed in numbers (Rieman et al.1997).
    The range of the bull trout is likely to have contracted and 
expanded over time in relation to natural climate changes; the 
distribution of the species probably was likely patchy even in pristine 
environments. However, regardless of uncertainty about the exact 
historical range, the number and size of historical populations, and 
the role of natural factors in the status of the species, there is 
widespread agreement in scientific literature that many factors related 
to human activities have impacted bull trout and continue to pose 
significant risks of further extirpations of local populations. Among 
the many factors that contributed to the decline of bull trout in the 
Columbia River and Klamath River basins, those which appear to be 
particularly significant are as follows: (1) Fragmentation and 
isolation of local populations due to the proliferation of dams and 
water diversions that have eliminated habitat, altered water flow and 
temperature regimes, and impeded migratory movements (Rieman and 
McIntyre 1993; Dunham and Rieman 1999); (2) degradation of spawning and 
rearing habitat in upper watershed areas, particularly alterations in 
sedimentation rates and water temperature, resulting from past forest 
and rangeland management practices and intensive development of roads 
(Fraley and Shepard 1989; Montana Bull Trout Scientific Group (MBTSG) 
1998); and (3) the introduction and spread of nonnative species, 
particularly brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) and lake trout 
(Salvelinus namaycush), which compete with bull trout for limited 
resources and, in the case of brook trout, hybridize with bull trout 
(Ratliff and Howell 1992; Leary et al. 1993).
    The ramifications and effects of isolation and habitat 
fragmentation on various aspects of the life cycle of bull trout are 
highlighted in much of the scientific literature on this species. 
Isolation of populations and habitat fragmentation resulting from 
barriers to migration have negatively impacted affected bull trout in 
several ways that have important implications for the conservation of 
the species. These include: (1) Reducing geographical distribution 
(Rieman and McIntyre 1993, MBTSG 1998); (2) increasing the probability 
of losing individual local populations (Rieman and McIntyre 1993, 
Rieman et al. 1995, MBTSG 1998, Dunham and Rieman 1999, Nelson et al. 
2002); (3) increasing the probability of hybridization with introduced 
brook trout (Rieman and McIntyre 1993); (4) reducing the potential for 
movements that are necessary to meet developmental, foraging, and 
seasonal habitat requirements (Rieman and McIntyre 1993, MBTSG 1998); 
and (5) reducing reproductive capability by eliminating the larger, 
more fecund migratory form of bull trout from many subpopulations 
(Rieman and McIntyre 1993, MBTSG 1998).
    Introduced brook trout threaten bull trout through competition, 
hybridization, and possibly predation (Leary et al. 1993). Brook trout 
appear to be better adapted to degraded habitat than bull trout, and 
brook trout are more tolerant of high water temperatures. Hybridization 
between brook trout and bull trout has been reported in Montana, 
Oregon, Washington, and Idaho. In addition, brook trout mature at an 
earlier age and have a higher reproductive rate than bull trout. This 
difference appears to favor brook trout over bull trout when they occur 
together, often leading to the decline or extirpation of bull trout 
(Leary et al. 1993; MBTSG 1998). Nonnative lake trout also negatively 
affect bull trout. A study of 34 lakes in Montana, Alberta, and British 
Columbia found that lake trout reduce the distribution and abundance of 
migratory bull trout in mountain lakes and concluded that lacustrine 
populations of bull trout usually cannot be maintained if lake trout 
are introduced (Donald and Alger 1993).


Previous Federal Action


    On September 18, 1985, we published an animal Notice of Review in 
the Federal Register (50 FR 37958) designating the bull trout as a 
category 2 candidate for listing in the coterminous United States. 
Under the definitions we used at that time, category 2 taxa were those 
for which we had information indicating that proposing to list was 
possibly appropriate, but for which persuasive data on biological 
vulnerability and threat were not currently available to support a 
proposed rule. We published updated Notices of Review on January 6, 
1989 (54 FR 554), and November 21, 1991 (56 FR 58804), reconfirming the 
bull trout category 2 status. On November 15, 1994 (59 FR 58982), we 
elevated bull trout in the coterminous United States to a category 1 
candidate for Federal listing. Category 1 taxa were those for which we 
had on file substantial information on biological vulnerability and 
threats to support preparation of listing proposals.
    On June 13, 1997, we published in the Federal Register (62 FR 
32268) a proposed rule to list the Klamath River population segment of 
bull trout as an endangered species, and the Columbia River population 
segment of bull trout as a threatened species. On June 10, 1998, we 
published a final rule in the Federal Register (63 FR 31647) 
determining the Klamath River and Columbia River population segments of 
bull trout to have threatened status under the Act. At the time of 
listing, we made the finding that critical habitat was not determinable 
for these populations because their habitat needs were not sufficiently 
well known (63 FR 31647). (For a further summary of previous Federal 
action, see 64 FR 58916.)


[[Page 71241]]


    On January 26, 2001, the Alliance for the Wild Rockies, Inc. and 
Friends of the Wild Swan, Inc. filed a lawsuit in the U.S. District 
Court of Oregon challenging our failure to designate critical habitat 
for bull trout. We entered into a settlement agreement on January 14, 
2002, which stipulated that we would make critical habitat 
determinations for the five population segments of bull trout (Civil 
Case No: CV 01-127-JO). For the Klamath River and Columbia River 
populations, we agreed to submit for publication in the Federal 
Register a proposed rule for critical habitat designation by October 1, 
2002, and a final rule by October 1, 2003. A subsequent agreement 
resulted in extending the date for the publication of the proposed rule 
to November 12, 2002.


Critical Habitat


    Critical habitat is defined in section 3 of the Act as: (i) The 
specific areas within the geographical area occupied by a species, at 
the time it is listed in accordance with the Act, on which are found 
those physical or biological features (I) essential to the conservation 
of the species, and (II) which may require special management 
considerations or protection; and (ii) specific areas outside the 
geographic area occupied by a species at the time it is listed, upon a 
determination that such areas are essential for the conservation of the 
species. ``Conservation'' is defined by the Act as the use of all 
methods and procedures which are necessary to bring any endangered or a 
threatened species to the point at which the measures provided pursuant 
to the Act are no longer necessary.
    Critical habitat receives protection under section 7(a)(2) of the 
Act through the requirement that Federal agencies shall, in 
consultation with us, ensure that any action they authorize, fund, or 
carry out is not likely to result in the destruction or adverse 
modification of critical habitat. Section 7(a)(4) requires Federal 
agencies to confer with us on any agency action which is likely to 
result in the destruction or adverse modification of proposed critical 
habitat. The term ``destruction or adverse modification'' is defined at 
50 CFR 402.02 as a direct or indirect alteration that appreciably 
diminishes the value of critical habitat for both the survival and 
recovery of a listed species. Such alterations include, but are not 
limited to, alterations adversely modifying any of those physical or 
biological features that were the basis for determining the habitat to 
be critical.
    Aside from the added protection that may be provided under section 
7, the Act does not provide other forms of protection to lands 
designated as critical habitat. Because the consultation requirements 
under section 7 of the Act do not apply to activities on private or 
other non-Federal lands unless those activities involve a Federal 
nexus, critical habitat designation on such lands would not afford any 
additional protections under the Act.
    Critical habitat also provides nonregulatory benefits to the 
species by informing the public and private sectors of areas that are 
important for species recovery, and where conservation actions would be 
most effective. Designation of critical habitat can help focus 
conservation activities for a listed species by identifying areas that 
contain the physical and biological features essential for the 
conservation of that species, and can alert the public as well as land-
managing agencies to the importance of those areas. Critical habitat 
also identifies areas that may require special management 
considerations or protection, and may help provide protection to areas 
where significant threats to the species have been identified, by 
helping people to avoid causing accidental damage to such areas.
    In order to be included in a critical habitat designation, the 
habitat must be ``essential to the conservation of the species.'' 
Critical habitat designations identify, to the extent known, and using 
the best scientific data available, habitat areas that provide at least 
one of the physical or biological features essential to the 
conservation of the species (primary consituent elements, as defined at 
50 CFR 424.12(b)). Section 3(5)(C) of the Act specifies that except in 
those circumstances determined by the Secretary of the Interior 
(Secretary), critical habitat shall not include the entire geographical 
areas which can be occupied by the listed species. Regulations at 50 
CFR 424.12(e) also state that, ``The Secretary shall designate as 
critical habitat areas outside the geographical area presently occupied 
by the species only when a designation limited to its present range 
would be inadequate to ensure the conservation of the species.''
    Section 4(b)(2) of the Act requires that we take into consideration 
the economic impact, and any other relevant impact, of specifying any 
particular area as critical habitat. We may exclude areas from critical 
habitat designation if we determine that the benefits of such exclusion 
outweigh the benefits of including the areas within critical habitat, 
unless we determine, based on the best scientific and commercial data 
available, that the failure to designate such area as critical habitat 
will result in the extinction of the species.
    Section 4 of the Act requires that we designate critical habitat 
based on what we know at the time of designation. We recognize that 
habitat is often dynamic, undergoing naturally-occurring changes that 
can alter its importance to, and use by, a listed species. Furthermore, 
we recognize that designation of critical habitat may not include all 
of the habitat areas that may eventually be determined to be necessary 
for the recovery of the species. For these reasons, critical habitat 
designations do not signal that habitat outside the designation is 
unimportant or may not be required for recovery. Areas that support 
newly discovered populations in the future, but are outside the 
critical habitat designation, will continue to be subject to 
conservation actions implemented under section 7(a)(1) of the Act, to 
the regulatory protections afforded by the section 7(a)(2) jeopardy 
standard, and to the section 9 prohibitions, as determined on the basis 
of the best available information at the time of the action. Federally 
funded or assisted projects affecting listed species outside their 
designated critical habitat areas may still result in jeopardy findings 
in some cases. Similarly, critical habitat designations made on the 
basis of the best available information at the time of designation will 
not control the direction and substance of future recovery plans, 
habitat conservation plans, or other species conservation planning 
efforts if new information available to these planning efforts calls 
for a different outcome.
    Section 4(a)(3) of the Act requires that, to the maximum extent 
prudent and determinable, we designate critical habitat concurrently 
with listing a species. In our final listing rule (63 FR 31647), we 
concluded that the designation of critical habitat for the bull trout 
was not determinable at that time, explaining that the biological needs 
of bull trout in the Klamath River and Columbia River population 
segments were not sufficiently well known to permit identification of 
areas as critical habitat. Further, the extent of habitat required and 
specific management measures needed for recovery of these fish had not 
been identified.
    Shortly after the species was listed in 1998, we initiated 
development of a recovery plan for bull trout and convened 27 
individual Recovery Unit Teams throughout five States to begin 
gathering information on the status and conservation needs of the 
species. These


[[Page 71242]]


teams were composed of experts from the fields of biology, other 
scientific disciplines such as hydrology and forestry, resource users, 
and other stakeholders with interest in and knowledge of bull trout and 
the habitats they depend on for survival. The recovery planning process 
in general, and the individual Recovery Unit Teams in particular, 
generated a considerable body of new information on the biological 
needs of bull trout, the extent of habitat required, and specific 
management needs. There also have been new scientific publications, and 
additional information has become available from various State and 
Federal agencies since the 1998 listing action. As a result, we now 
find that sufficient information exists to determine critical habitat 
for the Klamath River and Columbia River bull trout population 
segments.
    Our Policy on Information Standards Under the Endangered Species 
Act, published on July 1, 1994 (59 FR 34271), provides criteria, 
establishes procedures, and provides guidance to ensure that the 
decisions made by the Service represent the best scientific and 
commercial data available. It requires that our biologists, to the 
extent consistent with the Act and with the use of the best scientific 
and commercial data available, use primary and original sources of 
information as the basis for recommendations to designate critical 
habitat. When determining which areas are critical habitat, a primary 
source of information should be the listing rule for the species. 
Additional information may be obtained from a recovery plan, articles 
in peer-reviewed journals, conservation plans developed by States and 
counties, scientific status surveys and studies, biological 
assessments, unpublished materials, and expert opinions.


Methods


    As required by the Act and regulations at 50 CFR 424.12, we used 
the best scientific data available to determine critical habitat, 
giving consideration to those physical and biological features that are 
essential to the conservation of the bull trout. As described at 50 CFR 
424.12(b), such requirements include, but are not limited to, the 
following: (1) Space for individual and population growth and for 
normal behavior; (2) Food, water, or other nutritional or physiological 
requirements; (3) Cover or shelter; (4) Sites for breeding, 
reproduction, rearing of offspring; and generally; (5) Habitats that 
are protected from disturbance or are representative of the historic 
geographical and ecological distributions of a species.
    In proposing critical habitat, we reviewed the overall approaches 
to the conservation of the species undertaken by local, State, and 
Federal agencies; Tribal governments; and private individuals and 
organizations since the species was listed in 1998. We relied heavily 
on information developed by the bull trout Recovery Unit Teams, which 
were comprised of Federal, State, Tribal, and private biologists, as 
well as experts from other scientific disciplines such as hydrology and 
forestry, resource users, and other stakeholders with an interest in 
bull trout and the habitats they depend on for survival. We reviewed 
available information concerning bull trout habitat use and 
preferences, habitat conditions, threats, limiting factors, population 
demographics, and the known locations, distribution and abundances of 
bull trout.
    During our evaluation of information, we also took into account the 
relatively low probability of detection of bull trout in traditional 
fish sampling and survey efforts, as well as the limited extent of such 
efforts across the range of bull trout. Because of their varied life 
history strategies, nocturnal habits, and low population densities in 
many areas, the detectability of bull trout in a given area is highly 
variable (Rieman and McIntyre 1993). Furthermore, much of the current 
information on bull trout presence is the product of informal surveys 
or sampling conducted for other species or other purposes. The primary 
limitations of informal surveys are that they provide no estimate of 
certainty (i.e., a measure of the probability of detection), and that 
they may be inadequate for determining parameters such as the densities 
and distribution of the population. (The need for a statistically sound 
bull trout survey protocol has been addressed only recently through the 
development, by the American Fisheries Society, of a peer-reviewed 
protocol for determining presence/absence, and potential habitat 
suitability for juvenile and resident bull trout (Peterson et al. 
2002).) Consequently, with some exceptions (e.g., areas of Montana 
where bull trout surveys have been consistently conducted for a decade 
or more), a lack of bull trout detections does not provide definitive 
evidence of their absence in a particular stream, lake, or river. 
Accordingly, we used information gathered during the bull trout 
recovery planning process, as supplemented by even more recent 
information developed by State agencies, Tribes, the U.S. Forest 
Service (USFS), and other entities, in the development of our critical 
habitat designation proposal. Data concerning habitat conditions or 
status of primary constituent elements were used when available. To 
address areas where data gaps exist, we solicited expert opinions from 
knowledgeable fisheries biologists in the local area.
    Important considerations in selecting areas for critical habitat 
designation include factors specific to each river system, such as size 
(e.g., stream order), gradient, channel morphology, connectivity to 
other aquatic habitats, and habitat complexity and diversity, as well 
as range-wide recovery considerations. This effort was especially 
assisted by the recovery strategy described in the Draft Recovery Plan 
(USFWS 2002). We took into account that preferred habitat for bull 
trout ranges from small headwater streams that are used largely for 
spawning and rearing, to downstream, mainstem portions of river 
networks that are used for rearing, foraging, overwintering, and 
migration.
    Our method included consideration of information regarding habitat 
essential to maintaining the migratory life history forms of bull 
trout, in light of the repeated emphasis about the importance of such 
habitat in the scientific literature (Rieman and McIntryre 1993; Hard 
1995; Healey and Prince 1995; Rieman et al. 1995; MBTSG 1998; Dunham 
and Rieman 1999; Nelson et al. 2002). As explained above (see the 
Background section), habitat for movement upstream and downstream is 
important for all life history forms for spawning, foraging, growth, 
access to rearing and overwintering areas, or thermal refugia (e.g., 
spring-fed streams in late summer), avoidance of extreme environmental 
conditions, and other normal behavior. Successful migration requires 
biologically, physically, and chemically unobstructed routes for 
movement of individuals. Therefore, our method included considering 
information regarding habitat that is essential for movement into and 
out of larger rivers, because of the importance of such areas to the 
fluvial form of bull trout. We similarly identified habitat that is 
essential for movement between streams and lakes by adfluvial forms.
    Migratory corridors also are important for movement between 
populations (e.g. Fraley and Sehapard 1989; Rieman and McIntyre 1993, 
Rieman et al. 1995, Dunham and Rieman 1999). Thus, in addition to 
considering areas important for migration within populations, our 
method also included considering information regarding migration 
corridors necessary to allow for genetic exchange between local 
populations. Corridors that provide for such


[[Page 71243]]


movements can support eventual recolonization of unoccupied areas or 
otherwise play a significant role in maintaining genetic diversity and 
metapopulation viability. (See Background section, above, for details.) 
Because these factors are important in identifying areas that are 
essential to the conservation of bull trout, our method included 
consideration of the various roles that migratory corridors have for 
bull trout.


Primary Constituent Elements


    In accordance with section 3(5)(A)(i) of the Act and regulations at 
50 CFR 424.12, in determining which areas to propose as critical 
habitat, we are required to base our proposal on the best scientific 
data available, and to consider those physical and biological features 
that are essential to the conservation of the species and that may 
require special management considerations or protection. These physical 
and biological features include, but are not limited to: space for 
individual and population growth, and for normal behavior; food, water, 
or other nutritional or physiological requirements; cover or shelter; 
sites for breeding, reproduction, or rearing of offspring; and habitats 
that are protected from disturbance or are representative of the 
historic geographical and ecological distributions of a species. All 
areas proposed as critical habitat for bull trout are within the 
historic geographic range of the species and contain one or more of 
these physical or biological features essential to the conservation of 
the species. The regulations also require that we include a list of 
known primary constituent elements with the critical habitat 
description. As described in the regulations, the primary constituent 
elements may include, but are not limited to, features such as spawning 
sites, feeding sites, and water quality or quantity. Following is a 
brief summary of information we considered in our identification of 
primary constituent elements. Additional and more detailed information 
is available in the administrative record for the proposed rule.
    We determined the primary constituent elements for bull trout from 
studies of their habitat requirements, life-history characteristics, 
and population biology, as outlined above. These primary constituent 
elements are:
    (1) Permanent water having low levels of contaminants such that 
normal reproduction, growth and survival are not inhibited;
    (2) Water temperatures ranging from 2 to 15 [deg]C (36 to 59 
[deg]F), with adequate thermal refugia available for temperatures at 
the upper end of this range. Specific temperatures within this range 
will vary depending on bull trout life history stage and form, 
geography, elevation, diurnal and seasonal variation, shade, such as 
that provided by riparian habitat, and local groundwater influence;
    (3) Complex stream channels with features such as woody debris, 
side channels, pools, and undercut banks to provide a variety of 
depths, velocities, and instream structures;
    (4) Substrates of sufficient amount, size, and composition to 
ensure success of egg and embryo overwinter survival, fry emergence, 
and young-of-the-year and juvenile survival. A minimal amount of fine 
substrate less than 0.63 cm (0.25 in) in diameter and minimal substrate 
embeddedness are characteristic of these conditions;
    (5) A natural hydrograph, including peak, high, low, and base flows 
within historic ranges or, if regulated, a hydrograph that demonstrates 
the ability to support bull trout populations;
    (6) Springs, seeps, groundwater sources, and subsurface water 
connectivity to contribute to water quality and quantity;
    (7) Migratory corridors with minimal physical, biological, or 
chemical barriers between spawning, rearing, overwintering, and 
foraging habitats, including intermittent or seasonal barriers induced 
by high water temperatures or low flows;
    (8) An abundant food base including terrestrial organisms of 
riparian origin, aquatic macroinvertebrates, and forage fish; and
    (9) Few or no predatory, interbreeding, or competitive nonnative 
species present.
    The areas proposed as critical habitat for the Klamath River and 
Columbia River Basin DPSs of bull trout are designed to incorporate 
what is essential for their conservation. An area need not include all 
nine of the primary constitutent elements to qualify for designation as 
critical habitat.


Criteria Used To Identify Critical Habitat


    The Draft Recovery Plan (USFWS 2002) identifies the specific 
recovery needs of the species and provides guidance for identifying 
areas that warrant critical habitat designation. As described below, 
this Draft Recovery Plan was used as the principal basis for 
identifying the critical habitat in this proposed designation. Use of 
the Draft Recovery Plan for this purpose raises significant issues 
about the scope and impact of this proposed designation. In particular, 
areas included in this proposal may not meet the statutory definition 
of critical habitat insofar as they may not be essential to the 
conservation of bull trout. We will re-evaluate the proposed rule based 
on public comment, peer review of the proposed rule and the Draft 
Recovery Plan, the economic analysis of the proposed rule and the 
public comments on that analysis, and other available information, to 
ensure that the designation accurately reflects habitat that is 
essential to the conservation of the species.
    The draft recovery strategy focuses primarily on the maintenance 
(and, where needed, expansion) of existing local populations by: (1) 
Protecting sufficient amounts of spawning and rearing habitat in upper 
watershed areas; (2) providing suitable habitat conditions in 
downstream rivers and lakes to provide foraging and overwintering 
habitat for fluvial and adfluvial fish; and (3) sustaining (and in some 
cases reestablishing) movement corridors to maintain migratory routes 
and the potential for gene flow between local populations by 
maintaining habitat conditions that allow for fish passage.
    Critical habitat units are patterned after recovery units 
identified in the Draft Recovery Plan (USFWS 2002) for the Klamath 
River and Columbia River population segments. Using the guidance from 
that plan, we identified habitat areas needed for the survival and 
recovery of bull trout. To be included as critical habitat, an area had 
to provide one or more of the following three functions: (1) Spawning, 
rearing, foraging, or overwintering habitat to support existing bull 
trout local populations; (2) movement corridors necessary for 
maintaining migratory life-history forms; and/or (3) suitable and 
historically occupied habitat that is essential for recovering existing 
local populations that have declined, or that is needed to reestablish 
local populations required for recovery.
    Our proposal includes approximately 4,074 km (2,531 mi) of stream 
reaches and 12,176 ha (30,075 ac) of lake and reservoir surface area 
habitat determined to be essential to the conservation of the bull 
trout, but currently not known to be occupied. Although these specific 
areas are not known to be occupied, they are within the geographical 
area occupied by bull trout occupy. Areas with low levels of bull trout 
occupancy or where presence of the species is undetermined were 
included when they provided connectivity between areas of high-quality 
habitat, served as important migration corridors for fluvial or 
adfluvial fish, or were identified in the


[[Page 71244]]


Draft Recovery Plan (USFWS 2002) as necessary for local population 
expansion or reestablishment in order to achieve recovery, so that 
delisting can occur. Restoration of reproducing bull trout populations 
to additional portions of their historical range would significantly 
reduce the likelihood of extinction due to natural or human-caused 
factors that might otherwise further reduce population size and 
distribution. Thus, an integral component of the Draft Recovery Plan 
(USFWS 2002) is the selective reestablishment of secure, self-
sustaining populations in certain areas where the species has 
apparently, but not necessarily conclusively, been extirpated. In this 
regard, we also note that some habitat areas that would not be 
considered essential if they were geographically isolated are, in fact, 
essential to the conservation of the species when situated in locations 
where they facilitate movement between local populations or otherwise 
play a significant role in maintaining metapopulation viability (e.g., 
by providing sources of immigrants to recolonize adjacent habitat 
patches following periodic extirpation events) (Dunham and Rieman 
1999). In addition, populations on the periphery of the species' range, 
or in atypical environments, are important for maintaining the genetic 
diversity of the species and could prove essential to the ability of 
the species to adapt to rapidly changing climatic and environmental 
conditions (Leary et al. 1993; Hard 1995).
    A brief discussion of each area proposed for designation is 
provided in the critical habitat unit descriptions (below). Additional 
detailed documentation concerning the essential nature of these areas 
is contained in our administrative record.
    Proposed critical habitat for bull trout was delineated using 
multiple sources including: The StreamNet GIS (Geographic Information 
System) database for Idaho, Oregon, Washington, and Montana; and State 
databases of bull trout distribution.


Managed Lands


    As part of our process of developing this critical habitat 
proposal, we evaluated existing management plans to determine whether 
they provide sufficient protection and management for the bull trout 
and its habitat such that there is no need for additional special 
management considerations or protection of areas that otherwise would 
qualify as critical habitat. Section 3(5)(A)(i) of the Act defines 
critical habitat as areas on which are found those physical or 
biological features (I) essential to the conservation of the species 
and (II) which may require special management considerations or 
protection. Adequate special management or protection is provided by a 
legally operative plan that addresses the maintenance and improvement 
of essential habitat elements and that provides for the long-term 
conservation of the species. We consider a plan adequate when it: (1) 
Provides a conservation benefit to the species (i.e., the plan must 
maintain or provide for an increase in the species' population, or the 
enhancement or restoration of its habitat within the area covered by 
the plan); (2) provides assurances that the management plan will be 
implemented (i.e., those responsible for implementing the plan are 
capable of accomplishing the objectives, have an implementation 
schedule, and/or adequate funding for the management plan); and (3) 
provides assurances the conservation plan will be effective (i.e., it 
identifies biological goals, has provisions for reporting progress, and 
is of a duration sufficient to implement the plan and achieve the 
plan's goals and objectives). If an area provides physical and 
biological features essential to the conservation of the species, and 
also is covered by a plan that meets these criteria, then such an area 
does not constitute critical habitat as defined by the Act because the 
primary constituent elements found there are not in need of special 
management.


Federal Public Lands (USFS and Bureau of Land Management)


    Within the range of bull trout, the USFS and Bureau of Land 
Management (BLM) prepare land management plans which generally guide 
activities on the National Forests and BLM Districts. These plans 
provide some level of conservation benefit to species and the habitat 
they are known to occupy. However, current management goals are not 
sufficient to address areas of unknown occupancy which are proposed as 
critical habitat because we believe they are essential to conservation 
of the species.
    Federal land management agencies routinely engage in land exchanges 
with non-Federal entities. These exchanges are often advantageous to 
both parties by providing, for example, harvestable timber for a 
private timber company and a consolidation of land holdings that will 
contribute to efficient future management by the Federal agency. Such 
exchanges complicate potential critical habitat exclusions based on 
existing management plans.
    USFS Land and Resource Management Plans (LRMPs) and BLM Resource 
Management Plans (RMPs), as amended by the Interim Strategy for 
Managing Fish-Producing Watersheds in Eastern Oregon and Washington, 
Idaho, Western Montana, and Portions of Nevada (INFISH), and the 
Interim Strategy for Managing Anadromous Fish-Producing Watersheds in 
Western Oregon and Washington, Idaho, and Portions of California 
(PACFISH), are fluid documents that may change, or not change as 
anticipated, as management emphasis and direction changes. For example: 
(1) PACFISH and INFISH were considered interim for a period of 2 years 
when they were created in 1998, yet they still are in place in 2002; 
(2) three National Forests in Idaho are currently engaged in informal 
consultation with the Service on revisions to their LRMPs with the 
vision of dropping or modifying PACFISH/INFISH requirements. We are 
unsure at this point as to the degree of aquatic protections that will 
be provided under the new plans; and (3) the Aquatic Conservation 
Strategy and other components of the Northwest Forest Plan (NWFP) 
contain aspects which are not always fully agreed upon by Federal 
agencies charged with implementation of the plan. For this reason, as 
well as to incorporate new information, the NWFP is managed adaptively 
to respond to new information and, as such, we are unsure as to the 
specific details of future management direction. Further, LRMPs and 
RMPs (including the NWFP) are general and programmatic in nature. All 
of the Federal agencies understand that more specific consultation at 
the site-specific level is required to determine project effects and 
meet the requirements of section 7(a)(2) of the Act. Therefore, the 
current existence and substance of these Federal land management plans 
do not provide assurances of their future implementation, or that 
specific project implementation in the future will reflect a comparable 
level of conservation benefits to bull trout.
    Because of these circumstances, we cannot, at this time, find that 
management on these lands under Federal jurisdiction is adequate to 
preclude a proposed designation of critical habitat. Therefore, we have 
included areas within these Federal jurisdictions as part of the 
critical habitat proposal, and are seeking further information, through 
the public comment process, as to whether these areas should be 
retained or excluded from designation in the final rule (see Public 
Comments Solicited section).


[[Page 71245]]


Congressionally Designated Wilderness


    Wilderness areas exist because of a Congressional mandate that 
began with passage of the Wilderness Act in 1964. In partnership with 
the public, wilderness managers have a responsibility to preserve an 
enduring resource of wilderness, where natural processes are allowed to 
operate freely. Non-commercial hunting, fishing, and trapping are 
allowed in most Bureau of Land Management, Fish and Wildlife Service, 
and Forest Service wilderness areas, but not those managed by the 
National Park Service. States are responsible for management of 
wildlife and fish, working together with the Federal agency land 
managers. Wildlife species may be introduced and fish species stocked 
in order to perpetuate or recover a threatened or endangered species, 
or to restore a native species that has been eliminated or reduced by 
human influence. Exotic species may not be stocked. Habitat may be 
manipulated only when it is necessary to correct conditions resulting 
from human influence or to protect threatened or endangered species. 
Research and management surveys are permitted if done in a manner 
compatible with the preservation of the wilderness resource.
    Where previously established, livestock grazing is permitted to 
continue in wilderness, subject to grazing and other resource 
management requirements. Permittees are required to maintain range 
improvements necessary to the livestock operation or the protection of 
the range, such as fences and watering facilities. The use of motorized 
equipment is permitted where it occurred prior to the establishment of 
wilderness. Range improvements such as fences and watering holes may be 
made, when necessary to protect wilderness values and manage the range 
resource. Prescribed burning, noxious weed control, seeding, 
irrigation, fertilization, and liming are allowed where each activity 
was practiced prior to wilderness designation, when absolutely 
necessary for the livestock grazing operation, and where there would be 
no serious adverse impacts on wilderness values. Horses and packstock 
used by commercial outfitters and guides and private individuals are 
grazed under permit. Feed must be packed in when forage is inadequate, 
and each wilderness may set regulations on tethering of horses, party 
size limits, and use of native feed and pellets. Wild horses and burros 
are considered part of the natural system, where established at the 
time of designation.
    Effective January 1, 1984, the Wilderness Act withdrew minerals 
within lands designated as wilderness from appropriation under the 
mining and mineral leasing laws, subject to valid existing rights. 
Holders of valid mineral leases retain the rights granted by the terms 
and conditions of the specific leases. Holders of valid mining claims 
are allowed to conduct operations necessary for the development, 
production, and processing of the mineral resource. Mechanized 
equipment, motorized access, and utility corridors may be used. 
However, these activities and the reclamation of all disturbed lands 
must minimize the impact on the surrounding wilderness character. Prior 
to designation as wilderness, mining claims may be made on public lands 
administered by the Bureau of Land Management. Mining operations may 
continue after designation, subject to strict regulation to protect 
wilderness characteristics.
    Dams and water development structures in wilderness, other than 
those necessary for range and wildlife, can only be authorized by the 
President. However, existing reservoirs, ditches, water catchments, and 
related facilities for the control or use of water can be maintained or 
reconstructed if they meet a public need or are part of a valid 
existing right. Motorized equipment and mechanical transportation for 
maintenance of water development structure is not allowed unless 
practiced before the area was designated wilderness. Watershed 
restoration is permitted only where human activities have caused soil 
deterioration or other loss of wilderness values, where watershed 
conditions could cause unacceptable environmental impacts or threaten 
life or property outside the wilderness, and where natural revegetation 
is insufficient.
    Although wilderness areas generally provide for management 
complementary with the conservation needs of bull trout, the provisions 
for mining, water development, and grazing relative to pre-existing 
claims and usage, and their effects on future site-specific actions 
that may occur, is not well understood. Because of this uncertainty, we 
cannot, at this time, determine the effectiveness of wilderness 
management on bull trout. Therefore, we have included areas within 
wilderness as part of the critical habitat proposal. We are seeking 
further information, through the public comment process, as to whether 
these areas should be retained or excluded from designation in the 
final rule (see Public Comments Solicited section).


Lands Covered Under Existing Habitat Conservation Plans (HCPs)


    Section 10(a)(1)(B) of the Act authorizes the Service to issue to 
non-Federal entities a permit for the incidental take of endangered and 
threatened species. This permit allows a non-Federal landowner to 
proceed with an activity that is legal in all other respects, but that 
results in the incidental taking of a listed species (i.e., take that 
is incidental to, and not the purpose of, the carrying out of an 
otherwise lawful activity). The Act specifies that an application for 
an incidental take permit must be accompanied by a conservation plan, 
and specifies the content of such a plan. The purpose of such a habitat 
conservation plan, or HCP, is to describe and ensure that the effects 
of the permitted action on covered species are adequately minimized and 
mitigated and that the action does not appreciably reduce the survival 
and recovery of the species.
    Within the area covered by Klamath River DPS, there are no HCPs 
involving bull trout. Within the range of the Columbia River population 
segment of bull trout, the Service has approved HCPs involving the Plum 
Creek Timber Company and the Washington Department of Natural Resources 
(WDNR). The Plum Creek Native Fish, Plum Creek I-90, and the WDNR HCPs 
have been developed, in part, to provide for the conservation needs of 
bull trout while also allowing for otherwise lawful timber management 
activities. The duration of the permits associated with the Plum Creek 
and WDNR HCPs ranges from 30 to 100 years. The permittees have the 
option, however, of terminating at any time if they so choose, with a 
sixty-day notice to the Service. Moreover, the permittees may retain 
their permits but sell some of their lands covered by an HCP. All of 
these HCPs contain provisions that allow buyers of lands covered by the 
HCP to assume the permit if they so desire.
    The Plum Creek I-90 HCP includes provisions that: (1) Generally 
allow for the sale or exchange of lands with the U.S. Forest Service, 
with some specific limitations relative to implementation of the 
Northwest Forest Plan; (2) allow for the sale of any lands provided 
appropriate covenants or assurances are given by the acquiring party 
that such lands will be managed consistent with the goals and 
objectives of the HCP; and (3) allow for the sale of parcels not in 
excess of 640 acres to any private party as long as the cumulative 
total of all such transactions does not exceed 5


[[Page 71246]]


percent of the acreage covered by the permit and the cumulative total 
of all such transactions in any one township does not exceed 1,920 
acres. The Plum Creek Native Fish HCP applies a proportionality ratio 
to land dispositions relative to three categories of dispositions: 
Positive, neutral, and negative in terms of conservation benefits to 
covered species. Plum Creek has committed to manage its land 
dispositions so that the cumulative total of dispositions stays within 
a predetermined range of proportionality. If, at the end of the term of 
the HCP, the proportionality balance is below the predetermined range 
limits, positive land disposition commitments must be applied to 
sufficient acreage within the project area to restore the balance.
    The WDNR lands are maintained primarily for the purpose of growing 
and selling timber to finance State government, and the management of 
these lands also can include purchases, sales, and land exchanges. The 
WDNR HCP does not include incentives for placing conservation easements 
on some of the land that WDNR sells. The HCP allows WDNR to dispose of 
Permit lands at its sole discretion. However, if the cumulative impact 
of disposed lands would have a significant adverse effect on the 
covered species, the parties to the HCP are required to mutually amend 
the HCP to provide replacement mitigation.
    We evaluated lands covered by these existing Habitat Conservation 
Plans to determine whether they are (1) occupied and essential to the 
conservation of the species; (2) in need of additional special 
management considerations; and (3) currently not known to be occupied 
but essential to the conservation of the species. We evaluated each HCP 
to determine whether it: (1) Provides a conservation benefit to the 
species; (2) provides assurances that the management plan will be 
implemented; and (3) provides assurances the plan will be effective. 
Approved and permitted HCPs are designed to ensure the long-term 
survival of covered species within the plan area. Where we have an 
approved HCP, the areas we ordinarily would designate as critical 
habitat for the covered species will normally be protected through the 
terms of the HCPs and their implementation agreements. These HCPs and 
implementation agreements include management measures and protections 
that are crafted to protect, restore, and enhance their value as 
habitat for covered species.
    The issuance of a permit (under Section 10(a) of the Act) in 
association with an HCP application is subject to consultation under 
Section 7(a)(2) of the Act. While these consultations on permit 
issuance have not specifically addressed the issue of destruction or 
adverse modification of critical habitat for bull trout, they have 
addressed the very similar concept of jeopardy to bull trout in the 
plan area. Since these large regional HCPs address land use within the 
plan boundaries, habitat issues within the plan boundaries have been 
thoroughly addressed in the HCP and the consultation on the permit 
associated with the HCP. Our experience is that, under most 
circumstances, consultations under the jeopardy standard will reach the 
same result as consultations under the adverse modification standard. 
Common to both approaches is an appreciable detrimental effect on both 
survival and recovery of a listed species, in the case of critical 
habitat by reducing the value of the habitat so designated. Thus, 
actions satisfying the standard for adverse modification are nearly 
always found to also jeopardize the species concerned, and the 
existence of a critical habitat designation does not materially affect 
the outcome of consultation. Therefore, additional measures to protect 
the habitat from adverse modification are not likely to be required.
    The Plum Creek I-90 and WDNR HCPs occur mostly in Western 
Washington, with minimal overlap (i.e., lands adjacent to less than 50 
stream miles for each Plan) with proposed critical habitat for the 
Columbia River DPS. The Plum Creek Native Fish HCP covers approximately 
1.6 million acres, all within the range of the Columbia River DPS. 
Lands within this HCP occur adjacent to less than approximately 500 
miles of streams reaches that we identified as proposed critical 
habitat.
    We have reviewed the three HCPs within the Columbia River basin DPS 
of bull trout and we have determined that they do not require 
additional special management considerations to conserve bull trout. 
Therefore, these areas covered by an existing, legally operative 
incidental take permit issued for bull trout under section 10(a)(1)(B) 
of the Act are, by definition under Section 3(5)(A) of the Act, not 
included in this proposed designation of critical habitat.
    As noted above, lands within these HCPs are subject to disposal 
(e.g., through sale or exchange), subject to various sideboards 
included in each HCP. Proposed critical habitat does not include non-
Federal lands covered by an incidental take permit for bull trout 
issued under section 10(a)(1)(B) of the Act for these HCPs as long as 
such permit, or a conservation easement providing comparable 
conservation benefits, remains legally operative on such lands.
    We also considered exclusion of HCPs under subsection 4(b)(2) of 
the Act, which allows us to exclude areas from critical habitat 
designation where the benefits of exclusion outweigh the benefits of 
designation, provided the exclusion will not result in the extinction 
of the species. We believe that in most instances, the benefits of 
excluding HCPs from critical habitat designations will outweigh the 
benefits of including them. We believe this is the case in relation to 
the three HCPs that address bull trout within the Columbia River DPS.
    The benefits of including HCP lands in critical habitat are 
normally small. The principal benefit of any designated critical 
habitat is that activities in such habitat that may affect it require 
consultation under section 7 of the Act if such actions involve a 
Federal nexus (i.e., an action authorized, funded, or carried out by a 
Federal agency). Such consultation would ensure that adequate 
protection is provided to avoid adverse modification of critical 
habitat. Where HCPs are in place, our experience indicates that this 
benefit is small or non-existent.
    Further, HCPs typically provide for greater conservation benefits 
to a covered species than section 7 consultations because HCPs assure 
the long term protection and management of a covered species and its 
habitat. Such assurances are typically not provided by section 7 
consultations which, in contrast to HCPs, often do not commit the 
project proponent to long term special management or protections.
    The development and implementation of HCPs provide other important 
conservation benefits, including the development of biological 
information to guide conservation efforts and assist in species 
recovery and the creation of innovative solutions to conserve species 
while allowing for commercial activity. The educational benefits of 
critical habitat, including informing the public of areas that are 
important for the long-term survival and conservation of the species, 
are essentially the same as those that would occur from the public 
notice and comment procedures required to establish an HCP, as well as 
the public participation that occurs in the development of many 
regional HCPs. For these reasons, then, we believe that designation of 
critical habitat normally has little benefit in areas covered by HCPs.
    The benefits of excluding HCPs from being designated as critical 
habitat include relieving landowners, communities and counties of any


[[Page 71247]]


additional regulatory review that result from such a designation. Many 
HCPs, particularly large regional HCPs, take many years to develop and, 
upon completion, become regional conservation plans that are consistent 
with the recovery of covered species. Imposing an additional regulatory 
review after HCP completion may jeopardize conservation efforts and 
partnerships in many areas and could be viewed as a disincentive to 
those developing HCPs.
    A related benefit of excluding HCP areas is that it would encourage 
the continued development of partnerships with HCP participants, 
including States, local governments, conservation organizations, and 
private landowners, that together can implement conservation actions we 
would be unable to accomplish alone. By excluding areas covered by HCPs 
from critical habitat designation, we preserve these partnerships and, 
we believe, set the stage for more effective conservation actions in 
the future.
    In general, we believe the benefits of critical habitat designation 
to be small in areas covered by approved HCPs. We also believe that the 
benefits of excluding HCPs from designation are significant. Weighing 
the small benefits of inclusion against the benefits of exclusion, 
including the benefits of relieving property owners of an additional 
layer of approvals and regulation, together with the encouragement of 
conservation partnerships, would generally result in HCPs being 
excluded from critical habitat designation under section 4(b)(2) of the 
Act.


Tribal Lands


    Please see the section ``Government-to-Government Relationship With 
Tribes'' for a discussion of proposed critical habitat in relation to 
Tribal lands.


Proposed Critical Habitat Designation


    Within the geographical areas presently known to be occupied by the 
Klamath River and Columbia River Basin DPSs, we are proposing for 
designation only areas currently known to be essential to the 
conservation of bull trout. These areas already contain features and 
habitat characteristics that are necessary to sustain the species. We 
are only proposing designation of areas that currently have one or more 
of the primary constituent elements that provide essential life-cycle 
requisites of the species, as defined at 50 CFR 424.12(b). Moreover, 
certain areas with known occurrences of bull trout have not been 
proposed for designation as critical habitat. We did not propose 
critical habitat for some small scattered occurrences or habitats that 
are in highly fragmented areas or no longer have hydrologic conditions 
that are sufficient to maintain bull trout habitat, as we do not 
believe, based on the best available scientific information, that these 
areas are essential to the conservation of the species.
    The proposed critical habitat areas described below constitute our 
best assessment at this time of the stream reaches, lakes, and 
reservoirs that are essential to the conservation of the Klamath River 
and Columbia River bull trout population segments. We are proposing 
designation of approximately 476 km (296 mi) of streams and 13,735 ha 
(33,939 ac) of lakes for the Klamath River DPS, and 29,251 km (18,175 
mi) of streams and 201,850 ha (498,782 ac) of lakes and reservoirs for 
the Columbia River DPS. Our proposal includes approximately 4,074 km 
(2,531 mi) of stream reaches and 12,176 ha (30,075 ac) of lake and 
reservoir surface area habitat determined to be essential to the 
conservation of the bull trout, but that are not currently known to be 
occupied.
    The lateral extent of critical habitat, for each proposed stream 
reach, is the width of the stream channel as defined by its bankfull 
elevation. Bankfull elevation is the level at which water begins to 
leave the channel and move into the floodplain (Rosgen 1996) and is 
reached at a discharge which generally has a recurrence interval of 1 
to 2 years on the annual flood series (Leopold et al. 1992). Critical 
habitat extends from the bankfull elevation on one side of the stream 
channel to the bankfull elevation on the opposite side. If bankfull 
elevation is not evident on either bank, the ordinary high-water line 
as defined by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) in 33 CFR 329.11 
shall be used to determine the lateral extent of critical habitat. 
Adjacent floodplains are not proposed as critical habitat. However, it 
should be recognized that the quality of aquatic habitat within stream 
channels is intrinsically related to the character of the floodplains 
and associated riparian zones, and human activities that occur outside 
the river channels can have demonstrable effects on physical and 
biological features of the aquatic environment. The lateral extent of 
proposed lakes and reservoirs is defined by the perimeter of the water 
body as mapped on standard 1:24,000 scale maps (comparable to the scale 
of a 7.5 minute U.S. Geological Survey Quadrangle topographic map).
    The approximate amount of proposed critical habitat in the Klamath 
River Basin DPS, by State and adjacent landownership, is shown in Table 
1.


  Table 1.--Approximate Linear Quantity of Proposed Critical Habitat (in Stream Kilometers (km) and Miles (mi)) and Surface Area of Lakes (in Hectares
                                  (ha) and Acres(ac)), and Adjacent Landownership Percentages for the Klamath River DPS
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                              Federal                                         Private
                State                        Streams (km)               Lakes (ha)           (percent)        Tribal        Local/state      (percent)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
OR...................................  476 km (296 mi).........  13,735 ha (33,939 ac)..              55             n/a             n/a              45
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


    The approximate amount of proposed critical habitat in the Columbia 
River Basin DPS, by State and adjacent landownership, is shown in Table 
2.


  Table 2.--Approximate Linear Quantity of Proposed Critical Habitat (in Stream Klometers (km) and Miles (mi)) and Surface Area of Lakes and Reservoirs
                      (in Hectares (ha) and Acres(ac)) by State, and Adjacent Landownership Percentages for the Columbia River DPS
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                   Lakes and reservoirs       Federal         Tribal        Local/State       Private
                State                        Streams (km)                  (ha)              (percent)       (percent)       (percent)       (percent)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ID...................................  14,416 km (8,958 mi)....  83,219 ha (205,639 ac).              82               1               5              12


[[Page 71248]]




MT...................................  5,341 km (3,319 mi).....  88,051 ha (217,577 ac).              60               1               5              34
OR...................................  5,460 km (3,391 mi).....  18,077 ha (44,670 ac)..              49               4               1              46
WA...................................  4,034 km (2,507 mi).....  12,503 ha (30,896 ac)..              39               3               4              54
Total................................  29,251 km (18,175 mi)...  201,850 ha (498,782 ac)              58               2               4              36
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


    Critical habitat includes bull trout habitat across the species' 
range in Idaho, Montana, Oregon, and Washington. Lands adjacent to 
proposed critical habitat are under private, State, Tribal, and Federal 
ownership, with Federal lands including lands managed by the USFS and 
BLM. Twenty-five critical habitat units have been delineated. The areas 
we are proposing as critical habitat, described below, constitute our 
best assessment of areas essential to the conservation of the Klamath 
and Columbia River distinct population segments of bull trout.
    We are proposing critical habitat in 25 units that correspond to 
recovery units identified in the Draft Recovery Plan (USFWS 2002). 
Proposed critical habitat for the Klamath River DPS is entirely within 
Unit 1. Proposed critical habitat for the Columbia River DPS is in 
Units 2 though 25. Brief descriptions of each unit and the critical 
habitat subunits (CHSUs) within them, and the specific areas proposed 
for designation as critical habitat, are presented below. For ease of 
reference, the paragraph designations in parentheses at the beginning 
of each unit correspond with paragraph designations in the amendatory 
language at the end of this rule, which provide the legal descriptions 
(latitude and longitude coordinates) for each area proposed for 
designation (see Proposed Regulation Promulgation section).
    The streams, lakes and reservoirs indicated below are generally 
described from the bottom to the top of a watershed within a proposed 
critical habitat unit or subunit. For example, river or stream ``A'' 
would be described from its mouth up to the first major tributary 
(stream ``B'') that is also being proposed as critical habitat. At that 
point, tributary stream ``B'' and any of its associated tributaries 
that are also being proposed would be described, again from the mouth 
of stream ``B'' upstream to either the next tributary being proposed or 
to the limit of proposed critical habitat within stream ``B''. Once 
this description is complete, the text again reverts to river/stream A 
and continues upstream, either to the next tributary being proposed 
(e.g. stream C) or to the upstream limit of proposed critical habitat 
in Stream A. This provides a ``roadmap'' that enables the reader to 
appreciate the extent of the proposal in a particular watershed or 
stream system, as well as to have the ability to work their way up from 
a landmark more likely to be familiar (e.g., the mouth of the Tucannon 
River at its confluence with the Snake River) to locate a particular, 
generally more obscure tributary in the upper watershed. Together with 
the maps included with this proposed rule, readers should be able to 
easily locate where a stream of interest that is being proposed as bull 
trout critical habitat occurs on the landscape.
    The legal descriptions provided in the regulatory portion of this 
proposed rule (see Proposed Regulation Promulgation) correspond to the 
critical habitat units and subunits described below. However, the legal 
descriptions of individual streams and lakes/reservoirs within each 
subunit paragraph are arranged in alphabetical order by stream or lake/
reservoir name within a paragraph, whereas the descriptions within a 
paragraph in this preamble section are arranged as if one was working 
their way up from the bottom to the top of a watershed within a 
proposed stream network.


(5) Unit 1: Klamath River Basin


    The Klamath River Basin is located in south-central Oregon and 
includes three critical habitat subunits: (1) Upper Klamath Lake CHSU 
in Klamath County; (2) Sycan Marsh CHSU in Klamath County; and (3) 
Upper Sprague River CHSU in Klamath and Lake counties. Total proposed 
critical habitat includes 475 km (295 mi) of streams representing 9.4 
percent of the total stream lengths in the unit. Proposed critical 
habitat includes: 224.6 km (139.6 mi) of stream in 13 reaches, and 
3,775 ha (9,327 ac) of lake in the Upper Klamath CHSU; 103.8 km (64.5 
mi) of stream in 6 reaches, and 9,965 ha (24,625 ac) of marsh in the 
Sycan Marsh CHSU; and 146 km (91 mi) of stream in 10 reaches in the 
Upper Sprague CHSU.
(i) Upper Klamath Lake CHSU
    Encompassing 170,289 ha (420,792 ac), the Upper Klamath Lake CHSU 
comprises of Upper Klamath Lake, Agency Lake, and their immediate major 
and minor tributaries. Landownership comprises: 84 percent Federal 
lands; 6 percent State or local government land; and 10 percent 
privately owned lands.
    The Upper Klamath Lake CHSU currently supports three local 
populations of bull trout, with two considered essential to the 
conservation of the species--Threemile Creek and Sun Creek (USFWS 
2002). The third population, Lost Creek in Crater Lake National Park, 
was established with transplanted fish to provide temporary refuge 
during restoration actions in the Park. To fully achieve recovery of 
bull trout in the Klamath Basin, the Draft Recovery Plan (USFWS 2002) 
requires five to seven local populations in the Upper Klamath Lake 
CHSU. The following stream segments are included in this critical 
habitat unit:
    (A) Upper Klamath Lake Corridor, comprised of the streams and 
canals between Agency Straight at the north end of Upper Klamath Lake 
west to the Westside Road, north to the lower end of the Sevenmile 
Creek canyon, southeast along Sevenmile Creek and Sevenmile Canal to 
Agency Lake; and the circumference and body of Agency Lake. This 
includes the Sevenmile Canal from its confluence with Agency Lake 
upstream to its confluence with the West Canal and Sevenmile Creek 
(11.6 km (7.2 mi)); 11.7 km (7.3 mi) of Sevenmile Creek from its 
confluence with Sevenmile Canal and West Canal upstream to the 
beginning of the Sevenmile Creek canyon above the beaver ponds; the 
West Canal from its confluence with Agency Lake to its confluence with 
Sevenmile Canal (15.0 km (9.3 mi)); Crane Creek from its confluence 
with Fourmile Creek to its source springs at river kilometer (rkm) 6.1 
(river mile (rmi) 3.8); Fourmile Creek from its confluence with the 
West


[[Page 71249]]


Canal to source springs at rkm 4.3 (rmi 2.7); Fourmile Slough from its 
confluence with the West Canal to its head near Crystal Springs at (3.5 
km (2.2 mi)); Crystal Creek from its confluence with Upper Klamath Lake 
to its source springs at rkm 5.0 (rmi 3.1); Recreation Creek from its 
confluence with Upper Klamath Lake to its confluence with Crystal Creek 
at rkm 3.7 (rmi 2.3); and the entire 3,775 ha (9,327 ac) Agency Lake. 
These areas are essential to restoring migratory forms of bull trout in 
the Upper Klamath Lake core area and reestablishing connectivity among 
populations of bull trout in Rock, Cherry, Threemile, and Sevenmile 
Creeks on the west side of the upper Klamath Basin, and populations of 
bull trout in the Wood River drainage and Crater Lake National Park.
    (B) Rock Creek from the lower limit of permanent water at Penn 
Creek upstream to its origin at Heavenly Twin Lake (9.2 km (5.7 mi)); 
and Cherry Creek from its confluence with Fourmile Creek to the upper 
limit of perennial water (15.5 km (9.6 mi)). This area, which is the 
focus of restoration and reestablishment efforts under the Draft 
Recovery Plan, is a key watershed for reintroduction of a bull trout 
population that is essential to the conservation of the species (USFWS 
2002).
    (C) Threemile Creek from its confluence with Crane Creek to the 
upper limit of permanent water (6.9 km (4.3 mi)). This spawning and 
rearing habitat supports an essential local population and is a source 
for bull trout colonization of other watersheds (USFWS 2002).
    (D) The entire 30.3 km (20.7 mi) length of the Wood River; 12.0 km 
(7.5 mi) of rooked Creek from its confluence with Agency Lake to its 
source at rkm 14.5 (rmi 9.0); 5.0 km (3.1 mi) of Fort Creek from its 
confluence with Wood River upstream to the upper limit of permanent 
water; Annie Creek from its confluence with Wood River upstream 24.5 km 
(15.2 mi); and Middle Fork of Annie Creek from its confluence with the 
mainstem Annie Creek to the headwater springs (6.1 km (3.8 mi)). These 
are areas of spawning and rearing, and foraging, migratory and 
overwintering habitat. These areas supported bull trout historically 
(Buchanan 1997).
    (E) Sun Creek from its confluence with Annie Creek at rkm 2.0 (rmi 
1.2) to the upper limit of bull trout distribution in Sun Meadow at rkm 
21.5 (rmi 13.4) (Ratliff and Howell 1992; Bokenica 1997). This spawning 
and rearing habitat supports an essential local population and is a 
source for bull trout colonization of other watersheds (USFWS 2002).
(ii) Sycan Marsh CHSU
    Encompassing 81,818 ha (202,175 ac), the Sycan Marsh CHSU comprises 
the Sycan Marsh, its tributaries, and the Sycan River and its 
tributaries. Landownership comprises: 56 percent Federal lands and 44 
percent privately owned lands.
    The Sycan Marsh CHSU currently supports two local populations of 
bull trout considered essential to the conservation of the species--
Long Creek and Coyote Creek (USFWS 2002). To achieve recovery of bull 
trout in the Klamath Basin, the Draft Recovery Plan (USFWS 2002) 
requires five to seven local populations in the Sycan Marsh CHSU.
    (A) Sycan Marsh and Sycan River includes over 23,944 ha (59,166 ac) 
of the Sycan Marsh, and 31.0 km (19.3 mi) of the Sycan River from its 
confluence with the Sycan Marsh to the confluence with Rock Creek at 
rkm 103.2 (rmi 64.1). Portions of this area are currently occupied and 
other parts were historically inhabited by bull trout. This area is 
essential for reestablishing migratory forms of bull trout in the Sycan 
Marsh core area and reestablishing connectivity among populations in 
Long Creek, Coyote Creek, Rifle Creek, and Boulder Creek. The Sycan 
River from the confluence with Rock Creek at rkm 103.2 (rmi 64.1) 
upstream to its origins (11.7 km (7.3 mi)) supported bull trout 
historically (Ratliff and Howell 1992; Light et al. 1996), and is the 
focus of efforts to establish additional spawning populations of bull 
trout that are essential to the conservation of the species.
    (B) Long Creek from the confluence with Sycan Marsh upstream to its 
source at rkm 19.6 (rmi 12.2); and 11.3 km (7.0 mi) of spawning and 
rearing habitat in Calahan Creek from its confluence with Long Creek at 
rkm 7.7 (rmi 4.8) to its source at Blue Buck Springs. This area is 
currently occupied by bull trout (Ratliff and Howell 1992; Light et al. 
1996). This area is essential for maintaining one of the strongest bull 
trout populations remaining in the Klamath Basin. The area is the focus 
of restoration and reestablishment efforts as described in the Draft 
Recovery Plan, and as a relative ``stronghold,'' this area is a 
potential source of bull trout for colonization that is essential to 
restoring populations of other watersheds (USFWS 2002).
    (C) Coyote Creek from the confluence with the Sycan Marsh 2.4 km 
(1.5 mi) below the crossing of USFS Road 27 upstream to the upper limit 
of permanent water at rkm 11.2 (rmi 7.0). The area supports one of only 
10 extant populations of bull trout in the Klamath Basin and one of 
only two in this CHSU. It is the focus of restoration and 
reestablishment efforts to achieve recovery for this species (USFWS 
2002) and is essential to the conservation of the species.
    (D) Rifle Creek from the confluence with the Sycan River at rkm 
97.7 (rmi 60.7) upstream 4.0 km (2.5 mi) to its origins; the entire 
length of Boulder Creek from its confluence with the Sycan River at rkm 
109.8 (rmi 68.2) upstream 2.5 km (1.5 mi); and South Fork Sycan River 
from its confluence with the Sycan River at rkm 108.8 (rmi 67.6) 
upstream 6.1 km (3.8 mi) to its origins. These areas supported bull 
trout historically (Ratliff and Howell 1992; Light et al. 1996), and 
are the focus of efforts to establish additional spawning populations 
of bull trout that are essential to the conservation of the species.
(iii) Upper Sprague River CHSU
    Encompassing 83,810 ha (207,099 ac), the Upper Sprague River CHSU 
comprises the drainages of the North and South Forks of the Sprague 
River and their tributaries. Landownership comprises: 56 percent 
Federal lands and 44 percent privately owned lands.
    The Upper Sprague River CHSU currently supports five local 
populations of bull trout considered essential to the conservation of 
the species: Boulder/Dixon Creek; Sheepy Creek; Deming Creek; 
Brownsworth Creek; and Leonard Creek. A remnant fluvial population 
exists in the North Fork of the Sprague River (USFWS 2002). To fully 
achieve recovery of bull trout in the Klamath Basin, the Draft Recovery 
Plan (USFWS 2002) calls for a total of 7 to 10 local populations in the 
Upper Sprague River CHSU.
    (A) North Fork Sprague River from ``the Elbow'' 3.7 km (2.3 mi) 
below the confluence of Yaden Creek at rkm 18.0 (rmi 11.2) upstream to 
the confluence of Blue Lake Creek (31.6 km (19.6 mi)); Boulder Creek 
from its confluence with the North Fork Sprague River at rkm 24.1 (rmi 
15.0) upstream 7.7 km (4.8 mi); Dixon Creek from its confluence with 
Boulder Creek at rkm 1.2 (rmi 0.7) upstream to its origin (2.2 km (1.4 
mi)); and an unnamed tributary to Dixon Creek from the confluence 
upstream 1.2 km (0.8 mi) to its origin. Bull trout currently occupy the 
tributaries and at least one mainstem reach of the river (Oregon 
Chapter of the American Fisheries Society (OCAFS) 1993, Ratliff and 
Howell 1992; Light et al. 1996, J.


[[Page 71250]]


auner, Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW), pers. Comm., 
1999; R. Smith, ODFW, pers. Comm. 2001). The area supports one of only 
10 extant populations of bull trout in the Klamath Basin and one of 
only five populations in this CHSU, all of which are essential to the 
conservation of the species. The area is the focus of restoration and 
reestablishment efforts as described in the Draft Recovery Plan, and as 
a relative ``stronghold,'' this area is a potential source of bull 
trout for colonization that is essential to restoring populations of 
other watersheds (USFWS 2002).
    (B) Sheepy Creek from its confluence with the North Fork Sprague at 
rkm 26.8 (rmi 16.6) to its source springs (5.3 km (3.3 mi)). The area 
supports one of only 10 extant populations of bull trout in the Klamath 
Basin and one of only five populations in this CHSU, all of which are 
essential to the conservation of the species. The area is the focus of 
restoration and reestablishment efforts as described in the Draft 
Recovery Plan, and as a relative ``stronghold,'' this area is a 
potential source of bull trout for colonization that is essential to 
restoring populations of other watersheds (USFWS 2002).
    (C) Gearhart Creek from its confluence with the North Fork Sprague 
at rkm 32.6 (rmi 20.2) upstream to Gearhart Marsh (9.0 km (5.6 mi)) 
(above Gearhart Marsh flows become intermittent; Hole Creek from its 
confluence with Gearhart Creek at rkm 1.9 (rmi 1.2) upstream to the 
upper limit of permanent water (3.3 km (2.0 mi)); Nottin Creek from its 
confluence with Gearhart Creek at rkm 1.7 (rmi 1.1) upstream to the 
upper limit of permanent water 5.3 km (3.3 m); and School Creek from 
its confluence with the North Fork Sprague River at rkm 43.4 (rmi 27.0) 
to its origins (7.0 km (4.3 mi)). This area is the focus of efforts to 
reestablish additional spawning populations of bull trout essential to 
the conservation of the species, as described in the Draft Recovery 
Plan (USFWS 2002).
    (D) Dead Cow Creek from its confluence with the North Fork Sprague 
River at rkm 46.9 (rmi 29.1) upstream 6.6 km (4.1 mi); and Gold Creek 
from its confluence with Dead Cow Creek at rkm 1.5 (rmi 0.9) upstream 
2.9 km (1.8 mi). The Dead Cow drainage (Dead Cow and Gold creeks) 
supported bull trout historically. This area is the focus of efforts to 
reestablish additional spawning populations of bull trout essential to 
the conservation of the species, as described in the Draft Recovery 
Plan (USFWS 2002).
    (E) The entire length of Deming Creek from its confluence with 
Anderson Field to its headwaters at rkm 7.8 (rmi 4.8). Deming Creek is 
currently inhabited by bull trout and is the largest remaining local 
population in the Klamath Basin (Ratliff and Howell 1992; Light et al. 
1996). The area supports the largest of only 10 populations of bull 
trout in the Klamath Basin and the largest of only five populations in 
this CHSU, all of which are essential to the conservation of the 
species. The area is the focus of restoration and reestablishment 
efforts as described in the Draft Recovery Plan, and as a relative 

``stronghold,'' this area is a potential source of bull trout for 
colonization that is essential to restoring populations of other 
watersheds (USFWS 2002).
    (F) Lower South Fork Sprague River from the confluence of 
Brownsworth Creek at rkm 23.0 (rmi 14.3) upstream 21.7 km (13.5 mi) to 
the confluence of Camp Creek; Camp Creek from its confluence with the 
South Fork Sprague River at rkm 44.7 (rmi 27.8) to its origin (5.0 km 
(3.1 mi)); Corral Creek from its confluence with the South Fork Sprague 
River at rkm 46.3 (rmi 28.8) to its origin (4.5 km (2.8 mi)); Upper 
South Fork Sprague River from the confluence with Camp Creek at rkm 
44.7 (rmi 27.8) upstream to its source at rkm 50.3 (rmi 31.2) (5.6 km 
(3.5 mi)); and the entire length of Brownsworth Creek from its 
confluence with the South Fork Sprague River upstream 13.3 km (8.8 mi) 
to the upper limit of permanent water. These areas are currently 
occupied by an essential local population (OCASF 1993; Light et al. 
1996; Buchanan et al.1997; USFWS 2002). This area is the focus of 
efforts to reestablish additional spawning populations of bull trout 
essential to the conservation of the species, as described in the Draft 
Recovery Plan (USFWS 2002).
    (G) Leonard Creek from its confluence with Brownsworth Creek at rkm 
7.0 (rmi 4.3) upstream to its source. Leonard Creek is currently 
inhabited by bull trout (Ratliff and Howell 1992; Light et al. 1996). 
The area supports one of only 10 extant populations of bull trout in 
the Klamath Basin and one of only five populations in this CHSU, all of 
which are essential to the conservation of the species. The area is the 
focus of restoration and reestablishment efforts as described in the 
Draft Recovery Plan, and as a relative ``stronghold,'' this area is a 
potential source of bull trout for colonization that is essential to 
restoring populations of other watersheds (USFWS 2002).


(6) Unit 2: Clark Fork River Basin


    The Clark Fork River Basin unit includes 12 CHSUs, organized 
primarily on the basis of major watersheds. It includes most of western 
Montana and the panhandle portion of northern Idaho. The summary of 
landownership and extent of proposed critical habitat are presented 
with each CHSU description.
(i) Lake Pend Oreille CHSU
    The Lake Pend Oreille CHSU incorporates all waters in the Clark 
Fork River drainage downstream from Cabinet Gorge Dam (near the 
Montana/Idaho border), including all direct tributaries to Lake Pend 
Oreille, the lower portion of the Priest River drainage (downstream 
from Priest Lake Dam), and the Pend Oreille River (the impounded 
downstream arm of Lake Pend Oreille) downstream to the crest of Albeni 
Falls Dam. The CHSU is almost entirely within the State of Idaho in 
Boundary, Bonner, and Kootenai counties. A total of 286 km (178 mi) of 
27 streams and the 38,304 ha (94,650 ac) surface area of Lake Pend 
Oreille are proposed for designation as critical habitat for bull 
trout. Landownership along the streams is approximately 36 percent 
Federal, 14 percent State, and 50 percent private. Lakeshore ownership 
has not been quantified, but approximately half of it is private with 
the other half mostly on Federal (National Forest) lands. Bull trout 
local populations in this CHSU include Lower Priest River, Pack River, 
Grouse Creek, Trestle Creek, Gold Creek, North Gold Creek, Granite 
Creek, Johnson Creek, Lightning Creek Complex, Twin Creek, and Clark 
Fork River, all of which are considered essential for recovery of the 
species (USFWS 2002).
    (A) Lake Pend Oreille totals about 38,304 ha (94,650 ac). The best 
available scientific information indicates that most bull trout in the 
Lake Pend Oreille CHSU are migratory and adfluvial, using the lake for 
a portion of their life cycle (Panhandle Bull Trout Technical Advisory 
Team (PBTTAT) 1998a).
    (B) The lower Priest River from its confluence with the Pend 
Oreille River (the impounded downstream arm of Lake Pend Oreille) 
upstream 34.4 km (21.4 mi) to the confluence with the East River 
provides foraging, migratory, and overwintering (FMO) habitat 
connecting spawning areas with Lake Pend Oreille. The East River from 
its confluence with the Priest River upstream 4.0 km (2.5 mi), and the 
Middle Fork East River from its confluence with the East River upstream 
15.5 km (9.6 mi) provide spawning and rearing habitat for primarily 
migratory forms of bull trout. Tarlac Creek from its confluence with 
the Middle Fork East River upstream 5.3 km (3.3 mi) to the headwaters, 
and


[[Page 71251]]


Uleda Creek from its confluence with the Middle Fork East River 
upstream 5.9 km (3.7 mi) provide spawning and rearing habitat for bull 
trout that are likely resident forms.
    (C) The Pack River from its confluence with Lake Pend Oreille 
upstream 64.1 km (39.8 mi) contains FMO habitat in the lower reaches, 
and spawning and spawning and rearing habitat in the upper reaches for 
the Pack River local population of bull trout.
    (D) Grouse Creek from its confluence with the Pack River upstream 
26.7 km (16.6 mi) to the headwaters contains FMO habitat in the lower 
reaches, and spawning and rearing habitat in the upper reaches. North 
Fork Grouse Creek from its confluence with Grouse Creek upstream 14.8 
km (9.2 mi) to the headwaters provides spawning and rearing habitat.
    (E) Trestle Creek from its confluence with Lake Pend Oreille 
upstream 14.4 km (8.9 mi) provides the most productive spawning and 
rearing habitat in the Lake Pend Oreille CHSU.
    (F) Gold Creek from its confluence with Lake Pend Oreille upstream 
2.7 km (1.7 mi), West Gold Creek from its confluence with Gold Creek 
upstream 2.3 km (1.4 mi), and North Gold Creek from its confluence with 
Lake Pend Oreille upstream 2.0 km (1.3 mi) provide spawning and rearing 
habitat for the Gold Creek bull trout local population complex. Gold 
Creek is considered the second most important bull trout spawning 
stream in the Lake Pend Oreille critical habitat subunit (PBTTAT 1998a)
    (G) Granite Creek from its confluence with Lake Pend Oreille 
upstream 10.1 km (6.3 mi), Sullivan Springs from its confluence with 
Granite Creek upstream 2.1 km (1.3 mi), and Dry Gulch from its 
confluence with Granite Creek upstream 1.7 km (1.0 mi) provide spawning 
and rearing habitat for the Granite Creek population complex.
    (H) Johnson Creek from its confluence with the south channel of the 
Clark Fork River delta at the confluence with Lake Pend Oreille 
upstream 1.2 km (0.7 mi) provides spawning and rearing habitat for the 
Johnson Creek local population.
    (I) The Clark Fork River from its confluence with Lake Pend Oreille 
upstream 14.6 km (9.1 mi) to Cabinet Gorge Dam provides FMO habitat 
between Lake Pend Oreille and upstream local populations in Lightning 
and Twin creeks.
    (J) Lightning Creek from its confluence with the Clark Fork River 
upstream 29.5 km (18.3 mi) to a barrier falls provides FMO habitat in 
the lower reaches below the confluence with East Fork Creek, and 
spawning and rearing habitat in the upper reaches above this point. 
Morris Creek from its confluence with Lightning Creek upstream 3.3 km 
(2.1 mi), East Fork Creek from its confluence with Lightning Creek 
upstream 6.5 km (4.1 mi), Savage Creek from its confluence with East 
Fork Creek upstream 5.9 km (3.7 mi), Char Creek from its confluence 
with East Fork Creek upstream 3.4 km (2.1 mi), Porcupine Creek from its 
confluence with Lightning Creek upstream 3.0 km (1.9 mi), Wellington 
Creek from its confluence with Lightning Creek upstream 1.0 km (0.6 
mi), and Rattle Creek from its confluence with Lightning Creek upstream 
6.0 km (3.7 mi) provide spawning and rearing habitat for the Lightning 
Creek population complex (Lake Pend Oreille Watershed Advisory Group 
1999).
    (K) Dry Creek from its confluence with the Clark Fork River 
upstream 0.1 km (0.06 mi) to the confluence with Twin Creek provides a 
migratory connection between Clark Fork River and Twin Creek. Twin 
Creek from its confluence with Dry Creek upstream 3.9 km (2.4 mi) 
provides spawning and rearing habitat for the Twin Creek local 
population of bull trout.
(ii) Lower Clark Fork River CHSU
    The Lower Clark Fork River CHSU includes the three mainstem Clark 
Fork River impoundments (Cabinet Gorge, Noxon Rapids, and Thompson 
Falls reservoirs), the Clark Fork River between reservoirs and upstream 
to the confluence of the Flathead River, the lower Flathead River 
drainage downstream from Kerr Dam, and all tributaries to these waters. 
With the exception of the lower boundary at Cabinet Gorge Dam (in 
Bonner County, Idaho), nearly all the CHSU is located in the 
northwestern corner of Montana (Sanders, Lake, and Missoula counties).
    Major portions of this CHSU, including the entire lower Flathead 
River drainage, are inside the boundaries of the Flathead Indian 
Reservation, and fall under the jurisdiction of the Confederated Salish 
and Kootenai Tribes (CSKT). There are 13 local populations of bull 
trout in this CHSU: Rock Creek, Bull River, Prospect Creek, Graves 
Creek, Vermilion River, Fishtrap Creek, West Fork Thompson River, Post 
Creek, Mission Creek, Dry Creek, and Jocko River, all of which are 
essential to the conservation of the species.
    A total of 503 km (312 mi) of 24 streams and 4,862 ha (12,014 ac) 
of lake surface area in five reservoirs (Cabinet Gorge, Noxon Rapids, 
Mission, McDonald, and Tabor) is proposed for designation as critical 
habitat for bull trout in this CHSU. Landownership along the streams is 
approximately 31 percent Federal, 1 percent State, 13 percent CSKT 
Tribal, and 55 percent private. Landownership on the reservoir 
shoreline has not been determined, but its mostly private land along 
the two large reservoirs with less than 25 percent as National Forest. 
The three small reservoirs are completely surrounded by CSKT Tribal 
Lands.
    (A) Cabinet Gorge Reservoir (Clark Fork River), 1,295 ha (3,200 ac) 
at full pool, provides FMO habitat for the Bull River and Rock Creek 
local populations of bull trout (Pratt and Huston 1993).
    (B) The Bull River from its confluence with Cabinet Gorge Reservoir 
(Clark Fork River) upstream 14.3 km (8.9 mi) to the confluence with the 
South and East forks provides FMO habitat for upstream local 
populations. Copper Creek from its confluence with the Bull River 
upstream 7.4 km (4.6 mi) to the headwaters provides rearing habitat 
(MBTSG 1996a). The Bull River East Fork from its mouth upstream 12.8 km 
(8 mi) and the Bull River South Fork from its mouth upstream 29.8 km 
(18.6 mi) provide spawning and rearing habitat for the Bull River local 
population (MBTSG 1996a).
    (C) Rock Creek from its confluence with Cabinet Gorge Reservoir 
(Clark Fork River) upstream 11.4 km (7.1 mi) to a natural barrier 
provides spawning and rearing habitat for the Rock Creek local 
population.
    (D) Noxon Rapids Reservoir (Clark Fork River), 3,237 ha (8,000 ac) 
at full pool, provides FMO habitat for low abundance local populations 
in the reservoir tributaries (Pratt and Huston 1993; MBTSG 1996a).
    (E) The Vermilion River from its confluence with Noxon Rapids 
Reservoir (Clark Fork River) upstream 12.3 km (7.6 mi) to a natural 
barrier at Vermilion Falls provides important spawning and rearing 
habitat for the Vermilion River local population. Graves Creek from its 
confluence with Noxon Rapids Reservoir upstream 5.0 km (3.1 mi) to a 
natural barrier, Prospect Creek from its confluence with Noxon Rapids 
Reservoir upstream 12.3 km (7.6 mi), Crow Creek from its confluence 
with Prospect Creek upstream 2.0 km (1.2 mi), and Crow Creek East Fork 
from its confluence with Crow Creek upstream 5.5 km (3.4 mi) all 
provide spawning and rearing habitat as well (Pratt and Huston 1993; 
MBTSG 1996a).
    (F) The Clark Fork River upstream 93.3 km (58.0 mi) from the head 
of Noxon Rapids Reservoir to the confluence with the Flathead River 
provides FMO habitat for tributary


[[Page 71252]]


populations of bull trout (Pratt and Huston 1993).
    (G) The Thompson River from its confluence with the Clark Fork 
River upstream 32.3 km (20.0 mi) contains FMO habitat. West Fork 
Thompson River from its mouth upstream 8.0 km (5.0 mi) to the 
confluence of Lakes Creek; Fishtrap Creek from its confluence with the 
Thompson River upstream 17.0 km (10.5 mi) to the confluence with 
Fishtrap Creek West Fork, Beatrice Creek from its confluence with 
Fishtrap Creek upstream 8.5 km (5.3 mi) to its headwaters, and Fishtrap 
Creek West Fork from its mouth upstream 10.2 km (6.4 mi) provide 
spawning and rearing habitat necessary for the recovered distribution 
of bull trout (USFWS 2002). Bull trout in the West Fork Thompson River 
are categorized as being among the strongest remaining populations in 
the Thompson River basin (MBTSG 1996d).
    (H) The Flathead River from the confluence with the Clark Fork 
River (about 60 km (37 mi) upstream from Thompson Falls Dam) upstream 
to the confluence with Mission Creek is occupied by bull trout at low 
abundance levels (MBTSG 1996d), and provides FMO habitat necessary for 
the recovered distribution of bull trout (USFWS 2002), including 
maintaining populations and the migratory life history form essential 
to the long-term conservation of bull trout.
    (I) The Jocko River from its confluence with the Flathead River 
upstream 47.0 km (29.2 mi) to the confluence with the North Fork Jocko 
River provides FMO habitat. The North Fork Jocko River from its mouth 
upstream 9.9 km (6.1 mi) to a natural barrier, the South Fork Jocko 
River from its mouth upstream 15.0 km (9.3 mi) to a natural barrier, 
and the Middle Fork Jocko River from its mouth upstream 14.2 km (8.8 
mi) are occupied, and provide spawning and rearing habitat for the 
Jocko River local population. Together these areas provide habitat 
necessary for the recovered distribution of bull trout (USFWS 2002), 
including maintaining populations and the migratory life history form 
essential to the long-term conservation of bull trout.
    (J) Mission Creek from its confluence with the Flathead River 
upstream 34.8 km (21.7 mi) to Mission Dam, Post Creek from its 
confluence with Mission Creek upstream 26.1 km (16.2 mi) to a manmade 
barrier at McDonald Lake, and Dry Creek from its confluence with 
Mission Creek upstream 14.2 km (8.8 mi) to a manmade barrier at Tabor 
Reservoir are occupied, at a minimum, by migratory bull trout from the 
reservoirs and lake (MBTSG 1996d), and provide FMO habitat necessary 
for the recovered distribution of bull trout (USFWS 2002), including 
maintaining populations and the migratory life history form essential 
to the conservation of bull trout. These creeks also provide occupied 
spawning and rearing habitat above the reservoirs and lake (MBTSG 
1996d). Mission Creek spawning and rearing habitat extends upstream 
approximately 1.6 km (1.0 mi) above Mission Reservoir to a manmade 
barrier. Post Creek spawning and rearing habitat extends upstream 
approximately 3.2 km (2 mi) above McDonald Lake to a natural barrier. 
Dry Creek spawning and rearing habitat extends upstream approximately 
0.8 km (0.5 mi) above Tabor Reservoir to a natural barrier. McDonald 
Reservoir (approximately 101 ha (250 ac), when full), Mission Reservoir 
(approximately 117 ha (289 ac), when full), and Tabor Reservoir (St. 
Mary Lake) (approximately 111 ha (274 ac), when full) provide FMO 
habitat for the Post Creek, Mission Creek, and Dry Creek local 
populations, respectively (MBTSG 1996d).
(iii) Middle Clark Fork River CHSU
    The Middle Clark Fork River CHSU includes the mainstem of the Clark 
Fork River in western Montana and all tributary watersheds, from the 
confluence of the Flathead River upstream to the base of Milltown Dam, 
except for the Bitterroot River drainage. A total of 622 km (386 mi) of 
28 streams is proposed for designation as critical habitat for bull 
trout in this CHSU. Landownership along the streams is approximately 51 
percent Federal, 3 percent State, and 46 percent private, all occurring 
in Mineral and Missoula counties, Montana.
    (A) The Clark Fork River from the confluence with the Flathead 
River upstream approximately 192.1 km (119.4 mi) to Milltown Dam 
provides historically occupied FMO habitat that is still currently 
occupied, but at very low abundance levels (Pratt and Huston 1993;MBTSG 
1996d). This reach is important to provide for the recovered 
distribution of bull trout (USFWS 2002), including the maintenance of 
existing populations and the migratory life history form essential to 
the conservation of bull trout.
    (B) The St. Regis River from its confluence with the Clark Fork 
River upstream 62.1 km (38.6 mi) to its headwaters provides FMO habitat 
in the lower reaches up to Twelvemile Creek, and spawning and rearing 
habitat in the upper reaches. Little Joe Creek from its confluence with 
the St. Regis River upstream 4.0 km (2.5 mi) to its forks; South Fork 
Little Joe Creek from its mouth upstream 16.3 km (10.1 mi) to its 
headwaters; North Fork Little Joe Creek from its mouth upstream 17.2 km 
(10.7 mi) to its headwaters; Ward Creek from its confluence with the 
St. Regis River upstream 12.3 km (7.6 mi) to its headwaters; Twelvemile 
Creek from its confluence with the St. Regis River upstream 21.6 km 
(13.4 mi) to its headwaters; Deer Creek from its confluence with the 
St. Regis River upstream 6.6 km (4.1 mi); Big Creek from its confluence 
with the St. Regis River upstream 5.4 km (3.4 mi) to its forks; East 
Fork Big Creek from its mouth upstream 9.6 km (5.9 mi) to its 
headwaters; Middle Fork Big Creek from its mouth upstream 8.0 km (5.0 
mi); and West Fork Big Creek from its mouth upstream 9.2 km (5.7 mi) 
provide spawning and rearing habitat for the St Regis River local 
population complex of bull trout (MBTSG 1996d).
    (C) Cedar Creek from its confluence with the Clark Fork River 
upstream 24.7 km (15.3 mi), Oregon Gulch from its confluence with Cedar 
Creek upstream 4.5 km (2.8 mi), and Lost Creek from its confluence with 
Oregon Gulch upstream 11.4 km (7.1 mi) provide spawning and rearing 
habitat for the Cedar Creek local population of bull trout (MBTSG 
1996d), as well as to provide for the recovered distribution of bull 
trout (USFWS 2002).
    (D) Trout Creek from its confluence with the Clark Fork River 
upstream 23.6 km (14.7 mi) contains spawning and rearing habitat (MBTSG 
1996d) for the Trout Creek local population.
    (E) Fish Creek from its confluence with the Clark Fork River 
upstream 14.7 km (9.1 mi) to its forks provides FMO habitat to upstream 
bull trout. North Fork Fish Creek from its mouth upstream 16.1 km (10.0 
mi); Straight Creek from its confluence with North Fork Fish Creek 
upstream 13.1 km (8.1 mi) to its headwaters; West Fork Fish Creek from 
its confluence with Fish Creek upstream 28.2 km (17.5 mi); Indian Creek 
from its confluence with West Fork Fish Creek upstream 2.1 km (1.3 mi); 
South Fork Fish Creek from its confluence with Fish Creek upstream 25.1 
km (15.6 mi) to its headwaters; Surveyors Creek from its confluence 
with South Fork Fish Creek upstream 6.6 km (4.1 mi) to its headwaters; 
Cache Creek from its confluence with South Fork Fish Creek upstream 
15.8 km (9.8 mi); Montana Creek from its confluence with Cache Creek 
upstream 9.2 km (5.7 mi) to its headwaters; and White Creek from its 
confluence with Cache Creek upstream 7.3 km (4.5 mi) to its headwaters 
provide spawning and rearing habitat for the Fish Creek local 
population complex (MBTSG 1996d).


[[Page 71253]]


    (F) Petty Creek from its confluence with the Clark Fork River 
upstream 18.6 km (11.6 mi) provides spawning and rearing habitat for 
the Petty Creek local population (MBTSG 1996d).
    (G) Rattlesnake Creek from its confluence with the Clark Fork River 
upstream 37.5 km (23.3 mi) to the headwaters provides FMO habitat in 
the lower reaches (up to Mountain Water Company Dam), and spawning and 
rearing habitat above that point (MBTSG 1996d).
(iv) Upper Clark Fork River CHSU
    The Upper Clark Fork River CHSU includes the entire Clark Fork 
River in western Montana upstream from Milltown Dam (near Missoula), 
with the exception of the Blackfoot River, Clearwater River, and Rock 
Creek drainages. A total of 484 km (301 mi) of 13 streams is proposed 
for designation as critical habitat for bull trout in this CHSU in 
Missoula, Granite, Powell, and Deer Lodge counties. Landownership 
adjacent to proposed stream segments is approximately 25 percent 
Federal, 3 percent State, and 72 percent private.
    (A) The Clark Fork River from Milltown Dam upstream approximately 
185 km (115 mi) to the headwaters at the confluence with Warm Springs 
Creek provides FMO habitat for the recovered distribution of bull trout 
(USFWS 2002). This area is important to provide for the maintenance of 
existing populations and the migratory life history form essential to 
the long-term conservation of bull trout.
    (B) Harvey Creek from its confluence with the Clark Fork River 
upstream 25.0 km (15.6 mi) to its headwaters provides FMO habitat below 
a manmade barrier about 0.4 km (0.2 mi) above the confluence, and 
spawning and rearing habitat above that point for the resident Harvey 
Creek local population (MBTSG 1995e).
    (C) Flint Creek from its confluence with the Clark Fork River 
upstream 25.9 km (16.1 mi) to its confluence with Boulder Creek is 
occupied at low abundance but provides FMO habitat in the lower 
reaches, and spawning and rearing habitat in the upper reaches (MBTSG 
1995e).
    (D) Boulder Creek from its confluence with Flint Creek upstream 
22.6 km (14.0 mi), and South Boulder Creek from its confluence with 
Flint Creek upstream 13.7 km (8.5 mi) provide spawning and rearing 
habitat (MBTSG 1995e).
    (E) The Little Blackfoot River from its confluence with the Clark 
Fork River upstream 76.8 km (47.7 mi) to its headwaters provides FMO 
habitat in the lower reaches, and spawning and rearing habitat in the 
upper reaches. This river is necessary both to provide for the 
recovered distribution of bull trout as well as to maintain spawning 
populations in the upper reaches (MBTSG 1995e; USFWS 2002).
    (F) Racetrack Creek from its confluence with the Clark Fork River 
upstream19.9 km (12.4 mi) to a natural barrier near the junction of 
Granite Creek provides spawning and rearing habitat for the Racetrack 
Creek local population (MBTSG 1995e).
    (G) Warm Springs Creek from its confluence with the Clark Fork 
River upstream 52.4 km (32.5 mi) provides FMO habitat in the lower 
reaches, and spawning and rearing habitat in the upper reaches to 
support both the Warm Springs local population complex, and provide for 
the recovered distribution of bull trout (USFWS 2002), including 
maintaining existing populations and the migratory life history form 
essential to the long-term conservation of bull trout. Barker Creek 
from its confluence with Warm Springs Creek upstream 8.0 km (5.0 mi) to 
its headwaters at Barker Lake, Foster Creek from its confluence with 
Warm Springs Creek upstream 15.8 km (9.8 mi) to its headwaters, Twin 
Lakes Creek from its confluence with Warm Springs Creek upstream16.2 km 
(10.1 mi) to its headwaters, Cable Creek from its confluence with Warm 
Springs Creek upstream 5.0 km (3.1 mi) to its headwaters, and Storm 
Lake Creek from its confluence with Cable Creek upstream17.5 km (10.9 
mi) provide spawning and rearing habitat to support the Warm Springs 
population complex, as well as provide for the recovered distribution 
of bull trout (MBTSG 1995e; USFWS 2002).
(v) Priest Lakes and River CHSU
    The Priest Lakes and River CHSU0 includes the entire drainage of 
the Priest River upstream from Priest Lake Dam, including Priest and 
Upper Priest lakes, in Boundary and Bonner counties, Idaho. The extreme 
headwaters lie in British Columbia, Canada, and the headwaters of 
several west side drainages are in the State of Washington. A total of 
267 km (430 mi) of 19 streams and 9,970 ha (24,636 ac) of lake surface 
area in Priest and Upper Priest lakes is proposed for designation as 
critical habitat for bull trout. Landownership along the streams is 
approximately 58 percent Federal, 33 percent State, and 9 percent 
private. Landownership along the lake shores has not been quantified, 
but Priest Lake is approximately 75 percent private land, or leased 
State or Federal land with cabins and home sites. The rest is 
undeveloped National Forest, as is the entire shoreline of Upper Priest 
Lake.
    (A) The Upper Priest River from a waterfall approximately 1.0 km 
(0.6 mi) downstream of the border between Idaho and Canada upstream 
31.6 km (19.6 mi) to the confluence with Upper Priest Lake; Rock Creek 
from the confluence with the Upper Priest River upstream 6.1 km (3.8 
mi) to its headwaters; Lime Creek from the confluence with the Upper 
Priest River upstream 6.4 km (4.0 mi) to its headwaters; and Cedar 
Creek from the confluence with the Upper Priest River upstream 6.8 km 
(4.2 mi) to its headwaters provide spawning and rearing habitat for 
adfluvial bull trout inhabiting Upper Priest Lake (PBTTAT 1998b; USFWS 
2002).
    (B) Hughes Fork from the confluence with the Upper Priest River 
upstream 22.7 km (14.1 mi) to its headwaters, and Gold Creek from the 
confluence with Hughes Fork upstream 12.6 km (7.8 mi) to its headwaters 
provide spawning and rearing habitat for adfluvial bull trout 
inhabiting Upper Priest Lake (Hughes Fork local population) (PBTTAT 
1998b; USFWS 2002).
    (C) Upper Priest Lake (542 ha (1,338 ac)) provides FMO habitat 
supporting the Upper Priest Lake, Hughes Fork, and Trapper Creek local 
populations of bull trout (PBTTAT 1998b).
    (D) Trapper Creek from the confluence with Upper Priest Lake 
upstream 12.7 km (7.9 mi) to its headwaters provides spawning and 
rearing habitat for the Trapper Creek local population (PBTTAT 1998b; 
USFWS 2002).
    (E) Priest River Thorofare, a 4.3 km (2.7 mi) channel between Upper 
Priest and Priest Lakes provides FMO habitat connecting bull trout 
populations in the Priest Lakes basin. Priest Lake (9,429 ha (23,300 
ac) provides FMO habitat for dwindling numbers of adfluvial bull trout 
that spawn and rear in the lake's tributaries (Pratt and Huston 1993).
    (F) Lion Creek from the confluence with Priest Lake upstream 18.2 
km (11.3 mi) to its headwaters, and South Fork Lion Creek from its 
confluence with Lion Creek upstream 8.0 km (5.0 mi) to its headwaters 
contain spawning and rearing habitat for the Lion Creek local 
population of bull trout (PBTTAT 1998b; USFWS 2002).
    (G) Two Mouth Creek from the confluence with Priest Lake upstream 
15.7 km (9.8 mi) to its headwaters provides spawning and rearing 
habitat for the Two Mouth Creek local population (PBTTAT 1998b; USFWS 
2002).
    (H) Granite Creek from the confluence with Priest Lake upstream 
17.8 km (11.1 mi) to its forks, South Fork Granite Creek from the 
confluence with Granite


[[Page 71254]]


Creek upstream 22.6 km (14.0 mi) to its headwaters, and North Fork 
Granite Creek from the confluence with Granite Creek upstream 18.9 km 
(11.8 mi) to its headwaters provide spawning and rearing habitat for 
the Granite Creek local population of bull trout (PBTTAT 1998b; USFWS 
2002).
    (I) Indian Creek from the confluence with Priest Lake upstream 5.2 
km (3.2 mi) to its forks, South Fork Indian Creek from its mouth 
upstream 5.8 km (3.6 mi) to its headwaters, and North Fork Indian Creek 
from its mouth upstream 11.7 km (7.3 mi) to its headwaters provide 
spawning and rearing habitat for the Indian Creek local population of 
bull trout (PBTTAT 1998b; USFWS 2002).
    (J) Kalispell Creek from the confluence with Priest Lake upstream 
23.3 km (14.5 mi) to its headwaters provides spawning and rearing 
habitat for the Kalispell Creek local population of bull trout (PBTTAT 
1998b; USFWS 2002).
    (K) Soldier Creek from the confluence with Priest Lake upstream 
23.3 km (14.5 mi) to its headwaters provides spawning and rearing 
habitat for the Soldier Creek local population of bull trout (PBTTAT 
1998b; USFWS 2002).
(vi) Flathead Lake, Flathead River, and 20 Headwater Lakes CHSU
    The Flathead Lake CHSU includes the entire Flathead River basin 
upstream from Kerr Dam (outlet of Flathead Lake), with the exception of 
the Swan River drainage upstream from Bigfork Dam, and the South Fork 
Flathead River drainage upstream from Hungry Horse Dam in Flathead and 
Lake counties, Montana. Flathead Lake is the largest natural freshwater 
lake west of the Mississippi River in the United States. Twenty other 
natural glaciated lakes up to 2,800 ha (6,919 ac) in size are occupied 
by bull trout in this CHSU. The entire south half of Flathead Lake is 
inside the boundaries of the Flathead Indian Reservation, and falls 
under the jurisdiction of the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes. 
A total of 837 km (520 mi) of 57 streams and 56,838 ha (140,449 ac) of 
lake surface area in 21 lakes is proposed for designation as critical 
habitat for bull trout in this CHSU. Landownership along the streams is 
approximately 68 percent Federal, 10 percent State, and 22 percent 
private. Substantial portions of the Federal lands are in Glacier 
National Park or Congressionally designated wilderness. Lakeshore 
ownership is mixed: Flathead Lake (49,575 ha (20,062 ac)) makes up 
about 87 percent of the lake surface area. The south half of Flathead 
Lake lies on the Flathead Indian Reservation, though most of the 
lakeshore is privately owned and developed. The north half of Flathead 
Lake is also almost entirely private and developed into homes and 
resorts. Fifteen of the other lakes (5,556 ha (13,729 ac) are in 
Glacier National Park, though road and campground development exists on 
most of the larger lakes, and commercial development and some private 
land occurs along Lake McDonald. The shoreline of 1,356 ha (3,350 ac) 
Whitefish Lake is almost entirely private and developed. Of the 
remaining four lakes, three (Upper Whitefish, Upper Stillwater, and 
Cyclone) are primarily surrounded by State lands that have been logged, 
but not developed. Only one very small lake, Frozen Lake (12 ha (30 
ac)) which spans the International Border with Canada, is located on 
National Forest land.
    (A) The entire basin of Flathead Lake, to the high water mark 
(49,574 ha (122,500 ac)) provides FMO habitat for tributary populations 
of bull trout (Fraley and Shepard 1989).
    (B) The Flathead River from its confluence with Flathead Lake 
upstream 85.4 km (53.1 mi) to its forks; the Middle Fork Flathead River 
from its mouth upstream 140.3 km (87.2 mi) to its headwaters; and the 
North Fork Flathead River from its mouth upstream 92.9 km (57.7 mi) to 
the Canadian border provide FMO habitat for multiple local populations 
of bull trout (MBTSG 1995c; USFWS 2002).
    (C) Nyack Creek from its confluence with the Middle Fork Flathead 
River upstream 11.4 km (7.1 mi) to a naturally de-watered reach 
provides spawning and rearing habitat for the Nyack Creek local 
population (MBTSG 1995c; USFWS 2002).
    (D) Park Creek from its confluence with the Middle Fork Flathead 
River upstream 13.7 km (8.5 mi) to the confluence with its' tributary 
Elk Creek provides spawning and rearing habitat for the Park Creek 
local population (MBTSG 1995c; USFWS 2002).
    (E) Ole Creek from its confluence with the Middle Fork Flathead 
River upstream 12.6 km (7.9 mi) to a naturally de-watered reach near 
the trail junction, just upstream of Debris Creek, provides spawning 
and rearing habitat for the Ole Creek local population (MBTSG 1995c; 
USFWS 2002).
    (F) Bear Creek from its confluence with the Middle Fork Flathead 
River upstream 17.7 km (11.0 mi) to a barrier at the junction of 
Skyland Creek provides spawning and rearing habitat for the Bear Creek 
local population (MBTSG 1995c; USFWS 2002).
    (G) Long Creek from its confluence with the Middle Fork Flathead 
River upstream approximately 8.0 km (5.0 mi) provides spawning and 
rearing habitat for the Long Creek local population (MBTSG 1995c; USFWS 
2002).
    (H) Granite Creek from its confluence with the Middle Fork Flathead 
River upstream 13.1 km (8.1 mi) to its headwaters provides spawning and 
rearing habitat for the Granite Creek local population (MBTSG 1995c; 
USFWS 2002).
    (I) Morrison Creek from its confluence with the Middle Fork 
Flathead River upstream 19.8 km (12.3 mi) to the junction with Puzzle 
Creek; Puzzle Creek from its mouth upstream 4.4 km (2.7 mi) to its 
headwaters, Lodgepole Creek from its confluence with Morrison Creek 
upstream 3.1 km (1.9 mi) to its junction with Whistler Creek; and 
Whistler Creek from its mouth upstream 5.9 km (3.7 mi) to its 
headwaters provide spawning and rearing habitat for the Morrison Creek 
local population (MBTSG 1995c; USFWS 2002).
    (J) Schafer Creek from its confluence with the Middle Fork Flathead 
River upstream 5.9 km (3.7 mi) to a natural barrier near the confluence 
of Rouge Creek, and Dolly Varden Creek from its junction with Schafer 
Creek upstream 12.1 km (7.5 mi) to Dolly Varden Falls near the 
confluence of Argosy Creek provide spawning and rearing habitat for the 
Schafer Creek local population (MBTSG 1995c; USFWS 2002).
    (K) Clack Creek from its confluence with the Middle Fork Flathead 
River upstream 3.9 km (2.4 mi) to a natural barrier approximately one-
third the distance up its watershed near the trail junction to 
Trilobite Lakes provides spawning and rearing habitat for the Clack 
Creek local population (MBTSG 1995c; USFWS 2002).
    (L) Bowl Creek from its confluence with the Middle Fork Flathead 
River upstream 7.9 km (4.9 mi) to the junction with Basin Creek; Basin 
Creek from its mouth upstream 10.0 km (6.2 mi) to a natural barrier in 
its upper reaches; and Scalp Creek from its confluence with Bowl Creek 
upstream 4.6 km (2.8 mi) to its headwaters provide spawning and rearing 
habitat for the Bowl Creek local population (MBTSG 1995c; USFWS 2002).
    (M) Strawberry Creek from its confluence with the Middle Fork 
Flathead River upstream 21.2 km (13.2 mi) to its headwaters; Trail 
Creek from its junction with Strawberry Creek upstream 7.3 km (4.6 mi) 
to the junction with Jeff Creek; Gateway Creek from its confluence 
Strawberry Creek upstream 9.3 km (5.8 mi) to its headwaters; and East 
Fork Strawberry Creek from its confluence Strawberry Creek upstream 5.7 
km (3.5 mi) to its headwaters


[[Page 71255]]


provide spawning and rearing habitat for the Strawberry Creek local 
population (MBTSG 1995c; USFWS 2002).
    (N) Big Creek from its confluence with the North Fork Flathead 
River upstream 18.4 km (11.4 mi) to a natural barrier in the headwaters 
upstream from Nicola Creek; Skookoleel Creek from its confluence with 
Big Creek upstream 8.2 km (5.1 mi) to its headwaters; Hallowat Creek 
from its mouth at Big Creek upstream 14,8 km (9.2 mi) to its 
headwaters; Werner Creek from its mouth at Hallowat Creek upstream 4.0 
km (2.5 mi) to its headwaters; and Kletomus Creek from its mouth at 
Hallowat Creek upstream 8.2 km (5.1 mi) to its headwaters provide 
spawning and rearing habitat for the Big Creek local population (MBTSG 
1995c; USFWS 2002).
    (O) Coal Creek from its confluence with the North Fork Flathead 
River upstream 28.5 km (17.7 mi) to its headwaters; Cyclone Creek from 
its confluence with Coal Creek upstream 5.0 km (3.1 mi) to Cyclone 
Lake; South Fork Coal Creek from its mouth upstream10.2 km (6.4 mi) to 
a natural barrier; and Mathias Creek from its mouth at South Fork Coal 
Creek upstream 4.6 km (2.9 mi) to a natural barrier provide spawning 
and rearing habitat for the Coal Creek local population (MBTSG 1995c; 
USFWS 2002). Approximately 1.0 km (0.6 mi) of Cyclone Creek downstream 
from Cyclone Lake may also provide spawning and rearing habitat for the 
Cyclone Lake local population (MBTSG 1995c).
    (P) Cyclone Lake (49 ha (121 ac)) provides FMO habitat, and Cyclone 
Creek from its confluence with Cyclone Lake upstream 8.6 km (5.4 mi) to 
its headwaters provides spawning and rearing habitat for the Cyclone 
Creek local population (USFWS 2002).
    (Q) Red Meadow Creek from its confluence with the North Fork 
Flathead River upstream 22.3 km (13.9 mi) to its source at Red Meadow 
Lake provides spawning and rearing habitat for the Red Meadow Creek 
local population (MBTSG 1995c; USFWS 2002).
    (R) Whale Creek from its confluence with the North Fork Flathead 
River upstream 23.0 km (14.3 mi) to Whale Creek Falls upstream from 
Shorty Creek; Shorty Creek from its confluence with Whale Creek 
upstream 4.4 km (2.7 mi) to the junction of South Fork Shorty Creek; 
and South Fork Shorty Creek upstream 1.6 km (1.0 mi) to a natural 
barrier near an unnamed tributary originating in Stoney Basin Lake 
provide spawning and rearing habitat for the Whale Creek local 
population (MBTSG 1995c; USFWS 2002).
    (S) Trail Creek from its confluence with the North Fork Flathead 
River upstream 13.3 km (8.3 mi) to a natural barrier near the junction 
of Thoma Creek provides spawning and rearing habitat for the Trail 
Creek local population (MBTSG 1995c; USFWS 2002).
    (T) Whitefish Lake (1,356 ha (3,351 ac)) provides FMO habitat for 
the depressed Whitefish Lake local population. Swift Creek from 
Whitefish Lake upstream 26.5 km (16.5 mi) to the junction of its East 
and West Forks provides FMO habitat in the lower reaches, and spawning 
and rearing habitat in the upper reaches. West Fork Swift Creek from 
its mouth upstream 13.7 km (8.5 mi) to its headwaters provides spawning 
and rearing habitat for this local population (MBTSG 1995c; USFWS 
2002).
    (U) Upper Whitefish Lake (36 ha (89 ac)) provides FMO habitat for 
the Upper Whitefish Lake local population. East Fork Swift Creek from 
its confluence with Upper Whitefish Lake upstream 9.5 km (5.9 mi) to 
its headwaters provides spawning and rearing habitat.
    (V) Upper Stillwater Lake (225 ha (556 ac)) provides FMO habitat 
for the Stillwater Lake local population. The Stillwater River from its 
mouth at the lake upstream 35.3 km (21.9 mi) to its' headwaters 
provides FMO habitat in the lower reaches, and spawning and rearing 
habitat in the upper reaches. Fitzsimmons Creek from its junction with 
the Stillwater River upstream 9.4 km (5.9 mi) to its headwaters 
provides spawning and rearing habitat (MBTSG 1995c; USFWS 2002).
    (W) Lake McDonald (2,761 ha (6,823 ac)) provides FMO habitat, and 
its tributary McDonald Creek upstream 2.6 km (1.6 mi) from the mouth to 
McDonald Falls provides spawning and rearing habitat for the depressed 
McDonald Creek local population of bull trout (MBTSG 1995c; USFWS 
2002).
    (X) Lincoln Lake (16 ha (40 ac)) provides FMO habitat, and Lincoln 
Creek from its mouth upstream 0.8 km (0.5 mi) to Beaver Chief Falls 
provides spawning and rearing habitat for the Lincoln Creek local 
population (MBTSG 1995c; USFWS 2002).
    (Y) Harrison Lake (166 ha (410 ac)) provides FMO habitat, and its 
tributary Harrison Creek from the mouth upstream 6.9 km (4.3 mi) to its 
headwaters provides spawning and rearing habitat for the Harrison Creek 
local population (MBTSG 1995c; USFWS 2002).
    (Z) Lake Isabel (17 ha (42 ac)) provides FMO habitat and its 
tributary Park Creek from the mouth upstream 1.4 km (0.9 mi) to its 
headwaters provides spawning and rearing habitat for the Park Creek 
local population (MBTSG 1995c; USFWS 2002).
    (AA) Trout Lake (86 ha (213 ac)) and Arrow Lake (23 ha (57 ac)) 
provide FMO habitat, and Camas Creek between Trout and Arrow lakes 
(approximately 2.1 km (1.3 mi)), as well as upstream of Arrow Lake 4.1 
km (1.3 mi) to Camas Lake provide spawning and rearing habitat for the 
Camas Creek local population (MBTSG 1995c; USFWS 2002).
    (BB) Logging Lake (444 ha (1,097 ac)) provides FMO habitat, and its 
tributary Logging Creek from its junction with the upstream (east) end 
of the lake upstream 1.8 km (1.1 mi) to the outlet of Grace Lake 
provides spawning and rearing habitat for the Logging Creek local 
population (MBTSG 1995c; USFWS 2002).
    (CC) Lower Quartz (67 ha (166 ac)) and the Upper Quartz Lakes 
Complex (Middle Quartz Lake, Quartz Lake, and Cerulean Lake; 399 ha 
(986 ac) combined) provide FMO habitat. Quartz Creek from the inlet of 
Lower Quartz Lake upstream 1.5 km (0.9 mi) to Middle Quartz Lake; 
Quartz Creek from the inlet of Middle Quartz Lake upstream 7.9 km (4.9 
mi) to Quartz Lake; and Rainbow Creek from its confluence with Quartz 
Creek upstream 1.7 km (1.1 mi) to Cerulean Lake provide spawning and 
rearing habitat for the Quartz Creek local population (MBTSG 1995c; 
USFWS 2002).
    (DD) Bowman Lake (690 ha (1,705 ac)) provides FMO habitat, and its 
tributary Bowman Creek from the inlet to Bowman Lake upstream 10.6 km 
(6.6 mi) to its headwaters provides spawning and rearing habitat for 
the Bowman Creek local population (MBTSG 1995c; USFWS 2002).
    (EE) Akokala Lake (9 ha (23 ac)) provides FMO habitat, and its 
tributary Akokala Creek upstream 1.4 km (0.9 mi) from the lake inlet to 
its headwaters provides spawning and rearing habitat for the Akokala 
Creek local population (MBTSG 1995c; USFWS 2002).
    (FF) Kintla Lake (687 ha (1,698 ac)) provides FMO habitat and 
Kintla Creek from its inlet to Kintla Lake upstream 2.6 km (1.6 mi) to 
a natural barrier provides spawning and rearing habitat for the Kintla 
Creek local population (MBTSG 1995c; USFWS 2002).
    (GG) Upper Kintla Lake (191 ha (472 ac)) provides FMO habitat and 
Kintla Creek from the inlet to Upper Kintla Lake upstream 9.4 km (5.9 
mi) to its headwaters provides spawning and rearing habitat for the 
Upper Kintla


[[Page 71256]]


Creek local population (MBTSG 1995c; USFWS 2002).
    (HH) Frozen Lake (12 ha (30 ac)) provides FMO habitat, and Frozen 
Creek from the lake inlet upstream 4.2 km (2.6 mi) to its headwaters 
provides spawning and rearing habitat for the Frozen Creek local 
population (MBTSG 1995c; USFWS 2002).
(vii) Swan CHSU
    The Swan CHSU includes the entire Swan River drainage upstream from 
Bigfork Dam (near the Swan River's confluence with Flathead Lake) in 
Lake and Missoula counties, Montana. The Swan CHSU is a linear valley 
bounded by the Swan Range to the west and the Mission Mountains to the 
east. A total of 212 km (132 mi) of 17 streams and 1,543 ha (3,813 ac) 
of lake surface area in three lakes is proposed for designation as 
critical habitat for bull trout in this CHSU. Landownership along the 
streams is approximately 36 percent Federal, 17 percent State, and 47 
percent private. The Swan Lake shoreline is about half private, with 
extensive home and resort developments, and half surrounded by either 
National Forest or National Wildlife Refuge lands. Holland Lake is on 
National Forest land, some of which is leased and developed. Lindbergh 
Lake is mostly surrounded by National Forest, but a portion of the 
lakeshore is developed with home sites.
    (A) Swan Lake (1,085 ha (2,680 ac)) provides FMO habitat for 
upstream tributary populations of bull trout (MBTSG 1996b). The Swan 
River from its upstream inlet to Swan Lake upstream approximately 87.4 
km (54.3 mi) provides FMO habitat for tributary populations of bull 
trout to the confluence with Lindbergh Lake, and provides spawning and 
rearing habitat above Lindbergh Lake.
    (B) Lost Creek from the confluence with the Swan River upstream 2.8 
km (1.7 mi) to the junction of the North and South Forks; North Fork 
Lost Creek from its mouth upstream 7.6 km (4.7 mi) to a barrier falls; 
and South Fork Lost Creek from its mouth upstream 7.3 km (4.6 mi) to a 
barrier falls provide spawning and rearing habitat for the Lost Creek 
local population of bull trout (MBTSG 1996b; USFWS 2002).
    (C) Soup Creek from the confluence with the Swan River upstream 
11.1 km (6.9 mi) to a natural barrier falls provides spawning and 
rearing habitat for the Soup Creek local population (MBTSG 1996b; USFWS 
2002).
    (D) Woodward Creek from the confluence with the Swan River upstream 
6.0 km (3.7 mi) to a barrier falls on the northernmost fork, and South 
Fork Woodward Creek from its junction with Woodward Creek upstream 4.7 
km (2.9 mi) to a point where the stream makes a hard turn from its 
southerly direction to a westerly direction provide spawning and 
rearing habitat for the Woodward Creek local population (MBTSG 1996b; 
USFWS 2002).
    (E) Goat Creek from the confluence with the Swan River upstream 
11.5 km (7.2 mi) to the confluence with Bethal Creek and Squeezer Creek 
from its junction with Goat Creek upstream 8.6 km (5.3 mi) to a barrier 
falls provide spawning and rearing habitat for the Goat Creek local 
population (MBTSG 1996b; USFWS 2002).
    (F) Lion Creek from its confluence with the Swan River upstream 
11.4 km (7.1 mi) to a natural barrier falls approximately half way up 
the drainage provides spawning and rearing habitat for the Lion Creek 
local population (MBTSG 1996b; USFWS 2002).
    (G) Piper Creek from its confluence with the Swan River upstream 
5.9 km (3.7 mi) to the junction with Moore Creek provides spawning and 
rearing habitat for the Piper Creek local population (MBTSG 1996b; 
USFWS 2002).
    (H) Jim Creek from its confluence with the Swan River upstream 11.9 
km (7.4 mi) to the lowermost Jim Lake provides spawning and rearing 
habitat for the Jim Creek local population.
    (I) Cold Creek from its confluence with the Swan River upstream 
10.0 km (6.2 mi) to the junction with North Fork Cold Creek provides 
spawning and rearing habitat for the Cold Creek local population (MBTSG 
1996b; USFWS 2002).
    (J) Elk Creek from its confluence with the Swan River upstream 16.9 
km (10.5 mi) to the confluence of the North and South Fork Elk Creek 
provides spawning and rearing habitat for the Elk Creek local 
population (MBTSG 1996b; USFWS 2002).
    (K) Lindbergh Lake (293 ha (725 ac)) provides FMO habitat; 
approximately 6 km (3.8 mi) of the upper Swan River (previously 
described in (a), above), and Crystal Creek from its confluence with 
the upper Swan River upstream approximately 1 km (0.6 mi) to a natural 
barrier downstream from the outlet of Crystal Lake provide spawning and 
rearing habitat for the Upper Swan River local population (MBTSG 1996b; 
USFWS 2002).
    (L) Holland Lake provides FMO habitat, and Holland Creek upstream 
0.6 km (0.4 mi) from Holland Lake to a natural barrier falls provides 
spawning and rearing habitat for the Holland Creek local population 
(MBTSG 1996b; USFWS 2002).
(viii) Hungry Horse Reservoir CHSU
    The Hungry Horse Reservoir CHSU includes the entire South Fork 
Flathead River drainage upstream from Hungry Horse Dam (9.0 km (5.6 mi) 
upstream from the South Fork's confluence with the mainstem Flathead 
River) in Flathead, Missoula, Powell, and Lewis and Clark counties, 
Montana. A total of 336 km (209 mi) of 16 streams; 9,632 ha (23,800 ac) 
Hungry Horse Reservoir; and two lakes (Big Salmon Lake, 324 ha (800 
ac)); Doctor Lake, 32 ha (79 ac) are proposed for designation as 
critical habitat for bull trout in this CHSU. Landownership along the 
streams and lake shores is entirely Federal (100 percent), lying in 
either National Forest or Congressionally designated wilderness.
    (A) Hungry Horse Reservoir (9,632 ha (23,800 ac)) and the South 
Fork Flathead River upstream 93.6 km (58.2 mi) from the full pool level 
of Hungry Horse Reservoir to its source at the confluence of Youngs and 
Danaher creeks provide critical FMO habitat for tributary spawning 
populations of bull trout (MBTSG 1995d).
    (B) Wounded Buck Creek from its mouth at Hungry Horse Reservoir 
upstream 6.0 km (3.7 mi) to a natural barrier falls in the upper 
reaches of the drainage provides spawning and rearing habitat for the 
Wounded Buck Creek local population of bull trout (MBTSG 1995d; USFWS 
2002).
    (C) Wheeler Creek from its mouth at Hungry Horse Reservoir upstream 
5.9 km (3.6 mi) to a natural barrier falls just upstream of the 
junction of Trapper Creek provides spawning and rearing habitat for the 
Wheeler Creek local population of bull trout (MBTSG 1995d; USFWS 2002).
    (D) Sullivan Creek from its mouth at Hungry Horse Reservoir 
upstream 24.0 km (14.9 mi) to its headwaters and its tributary 
Quintonkon Creek from its mouth upstream 5.2 km (3.3 mi) to a natural 
barrier falls approximately half way up the drainage provide spawning 
and rearing habitat for the Sullivan Creek local population of bull 
trout (MBTSG 1995d; USFWS 2002).
    (E) The Spotted Bear River from its confluence with the South Fork 
Flathead River upstream 32.8 km (20.4 mi) to Dean Falls, just upstream 
from the confluence of Slim Creek, provides spawning and rearing 
habitat for the Spotted Bear River local population (MBTSG 1995d; USFWS 
2002).
    (F) Bunker Creek from its confluence with the South Fork Flathead 
River upstream 17.9 km (11.1 mi) to a barrier


[[Page 71257]]


falls just upstream of the junction with String Creek provides spawning 
and rearing habitat for the Bunker Creek local population (MBTSG 1995d; 
USFWS 2002).
    (G) Little Salmon Creek from its confluence with the South Fork 
Flathead River upstream 28.7 km (17.8 mi) to its source provides 
spawning and rearing habitat for the Little Salmon Creek local 
population (MBTSG 1995d; USFWS 2002).
    (H) Big Salmon Lake (324 ha (800 ac)) provides FMO habitat, and Big 
Salmon Creek upstream 7.4 km (4.6 mi) from Big Salmon Lake to a barrier 
falls just upstream from the junction of Spud Creek provides spawning 
and rearing habitat for the Big Salmon Creek local population (MBTSG 
1995d; USFWS 2002).
    (I) The White River from its confluence with the South Fork 
Flathead River upstream 13.1 km (8.1 mi) to Needle Falls (approximately 
3 km (1.9 mi) upstream from the junction of the South Fork White River) 
provides spawning and rearing habitat for the White River local 
population (MBTSG 1995d; USFWS 2002).
    (J) Gordon Creek from its confluence with the South Fork Flathead 
River upstream 23.4 km (14.5 mi) to a barrier falls near the confluence 
with George Creek provides spawning and rearing habitat for the Gordon 
Creek local population (MBTSG 1995d; USFWS 2002).
    (K) Doctor Lake 32 ha (79 ac) provides FMO habitat, and the entire 
length (5.2 km (3.3 mi)) of Doctor Creek occurring both upstream and 
downstream of Doctor Lake provides spawning and rearing habitat for the 
Doctor Creek local population (MBTSG 1995d; USFWS 2002).
    (L) Youngs Creek from its confluence with the headwaters of the 
South Fork Flathead River upstream 28.7 km (17.8 mi) to the junction of 
Ross Creek near its headwaters, and Babcock Creek (a tributary to 
Youngs Creek) from its mouth upstream 7.3 km (4.5 mi) to the confluence 
with Otis Creek provide spawning and rearing habitat for the Youngs 
Creek local population (MBTSG 1995d; USFWS 2002).
    (M) Danaher Creek from its confluence with the headwaters of the 
South Fork Flathead River upstream 33.5 km (20.8 mi) to its source, and 
Rapid Creek (a tributary to Danaher Creek) from its mouth upstream2.9 
km (1.8 mi) to the confluence of Fiction Creek provide spawning and 
rearing habitat for the Danaher Creek local population (MBTSG 1995d; 
USFWS 2002).
(ix) Bitterroot CHSU
    The Bitterroot CHSU includes the entire Bitterroot River drainage 
on the western border of Montana, upstream from its' confluence with 
the Clark Fork River in Missoula and Ravalli counties, Montana. A total 
of 799 km (496 mi) of 43 streams and 265 ha (655 ac) of Painted Rocks 
Reservoir is proposed for designation as critical habitat for bull 
trout in this CHSU. Landownership along the streams is approximately 64 
percent Federal, 1 percent State, and 35 percent private. Painted Rocks 
Reservoir is mostly on National Forest with some private development. 
In this CHSU, nearly all headwaters are on National Forest lands, and 
the vast majority of the Bitterroot Valley, including lower ends of 
tributary drainages and the entire mainstem of the Bitterroot River are 
privately owned and extensively developed with ranches, home sites, and 
businesses.
    (A) The Bitterroot River from its junction with the Clark Fork 
River upstream 135.8 km (84.3 mi) to the confluence of its East and 
West Forks provides FMO habitat for tributary populations of bull trout 
(MBTSG 1995a; USFWS 2002).
    (B) Burnt Fork Creek from its confluence with the Bitterroot River 
upstream 41.2 km (25.6 mi) to its headwaters; Gold Creek from its mouth 
at Burnt Fork Creek upstream 10.8 km (6.7 mi) to its headwaters; and 
Little Burnt Fork Creek from its mouth upstream 5.5 km (3.4 mi) to its 
source provide spawning and rearing habitat for the Burnt Fork Creek 
local population (MBTSG 1995a; USFWS 2002).
    (C) Fred Burr Creek from its confluence with the Bitterroot River 
upstream 14.3 km (8.9 mi) to Fred Burr Reservoir provides FMO habitat 
in the lower reaches, and spawning and rearing habitat in the upper 
reaches. Its tributary Mill Creek, from its mouth upstream 19.5 km 
(12.1 mi) to a natural barrier just upstream of the Wilderness 
Boundary, provides spawning and rearing habitat supporting the Fred 
Burr Creek local population (MBTSG 1995a; USFWS 2002).
    (D) Blodgett Creek from its confluence with the Bitterroot River 
upstream 30.7 km (19.0 mi) to its headwaters provides spawning and 
rearing habitat for the Blodgett Creek local population (MBTSG 1995a; 
USFWS 2002).
    (E) Skalkaho Creek from its confluence with the Bitterroot River 
upstream 40.4 km (25.1 mi) to its headwaters; Daly Creek from its 
confluence with Skalkaho Creek upstream 12.2 km (7.6 mi) to Skalkaho 
Falls; Railroad Creek from its confluence with Skalkaho Creek upstream 
8.4 km (5.2 mi); and Weasel Creek from its confluence with Skalkaho 
Creek upstream 5.3 km (3.3 mi) to its source provide spawning and 
rearing habitat for the Skalkaho Creek local population (MBTSG 1995a; 
USFWS 2002).
    (F) Sleeping Child Creek from its confluence with the Bitterroot 
River upstream 38.5 km (23.9 mi) to its headwaters; Two Bear Creek from 
its confluence with Sleeping Child Creek upstream 10.7 km (6.6 mi) to 
its source; Divide Creek from its confluence with Sleeping Child Creek 
upstream 14.8 km (9.2 mi) to its source; and Switchback Creek from its 
confluence with Divide Creek upstream 1.0 km (0.6 mi) to a natural 
barrier provide spawning and rearing habitat for the Sleeping Child 
Creek local population (MBTSG 1995a; USFWS 2002).
    (G) The West Fork of the Bitterroot River from its confluence with 
the Bitterroot River upstream 35.2 km (21.9 mi) to Painted Rocks 
Reservoir and Painted Rocks Reservoir (265 ha (655 ac)) provide FMO 
habitat for tributary populations of bull trout. The West Fork of the 
Bitterroot River from Painted Rocks Reservoir upstream 27.9 km (17.3 
mi); Slate Creek from the confluence with Painted Rocks Reservoir 
upstream 17.3 km (10.8 mi) to its source; Blue Joint Creek from the 
confluence with Painted Rocks Reservoir upstream 28.0 km (17.4 mi) to a 
natural barrier; Overwhich Creek from its confluence with the West Fork 
Bitterroot River upstream 23.2 km (14.4 mi) to a natural barrier; 
Straight Creek from its confluence with Overwhich Creek upstream 5.4 km 
(3.3 mi) to its headwaters; Hughes Creek from its confluence with the 
West Fork Bitterroot River upstream 28.4 km (17.6 mi) to its source; 
Chicken Creek from its confluence with the West Fork Bitterroot River 
upstream 8.2 km (5.1 mi) to its forks; Deer Creek from its confluence 
with the West Fork Bitterroot River upstream 20.1 km (12.5 mi) to its 
headwaters; Woods Creek from its confluence with the West Fork 
Bitterroot River upstream 11.0 km (6.8 mi) to its headwaters; Johnson 
Creek from its confluence with the West Fork Bitterroot River upstream 
7.4 km (4.6 mi) to its source; Beaver Creek from its confluence with 
the West Fork Bitterroot River upstream 7.4 km (4.6 mi) to its source; 
and Sheep Creek from its confluence with the West Fork Bitterroot River 
upstream 5.0 km (3.1 mi) to its headwaters provide spawning and rearing 
habitat for the West Fork Bitterroot River population complex of


[[Page 71258]]


bull trout (MBTSG 1995a; USFWS 2002).
    (H) The East Fork Bitterroot River from its mouth upstream 59.4 km 
(36.9 mi) provides FMO habitat in the lower reaches, and spawning and 
rearing habitat in the upper reaches. Meadow Creek from its confluence 
with the East Fork Bitterroot River upstream 15.6 km (9.7 mi) to its 
headwaters; Swift Creek from its mouth on Meadow Creek upstream 3.2 km 
(2.0 mi) to a natural barrier falls; Bugle Creek from its confluence 
with Meadow Creek upstream 6.2 km (3.9 mi) to its source; Moose Creek 
from its confluence with the East Fork Bitterroot River upstream 10.6 
km (6.6 mi) to a natural barrier; Martin Creek from its mouth on Moose 
Creek upstream 18.8 mi (11.7 mi) to its headwaters; Bush Creek from its 
confluence with Martin Creek upstream 6.5 km (4.0 mi) to its source; 
Lick Creek from its junction with Moose Creek upstream 5.9 km (3.6 mi) 
to its headwaters; Reynolds Creek from its junction with Moose Creek 
upstream 6.4 km (4.0 mi) to its source; Sign Creek from its junction 
with Moose Creek upstream 4.2 km (2.6 mi) to its source; and Buck Creek 
from its confluence with the East Fork Bitterroot River upstream 1.6 km 
(1.0 mi) to its headwaters provide spawning and rearing habitat for the 
East Fork Bitterroot River population complex of bull trout (MBTSG 
1995a; USFWS 2002).
    (I) Warm Springs Creek from its confluence with the East Fork 
Bitterroot River upstream 19.3 km (12.0 mi); Fire Creek from its 
confluence with Warm Springs Creek upstream 2.4 km (1.5 mi); Wiles 
Creek from its confluence with Warm Springs Creek upstream 8.8 km (5.5 
mi) to its source; Fault Creek from its mouth at Wiles Creek upstream 
5.3 km (3.3 mi) to its source; Porcupine Creek from its junction with 
Warm Springs Creek upstream 7.2 km (4.5 mi); and Prayer Creek from its 
junction with Warm Springs Creek upstream 4.4 km (2.7 mi) provide 
spawning and rearing habitat for the Warm Springs Creek local 
population of bull trout (MBTSG 1995a; USFWS 2002).
(x) Blackfoot River CHSU
    The Blackfoot River CHSU includes the entire Blackfoot River 
drainage in western Montana in Missoula, Powell, and Lewis and Clark 
counties, with the exception of its' tributaries in the Clearwater 
River CHSU. A total of 436 km (270 mi) of 12 streams is proposed for 
designation as critical habitat for bull trout in this CHSU. 
Landownership along the streams proposed for designation as critical 
habitat is approximately 34 percent Federal, 8 percent State, and 58 
percent private.
    (A) The Blackfoot River from its confluence with the Clark Fork 
River at Milltown upstream 191.0 km (118.7 mi) to the confluence of 
Alice Creek provides FMO habitat for tributary populations of bull 
trout (MBTSG 1995b).
    (B) Gold Creek from its junction with the Blackfoot River upstream 
19.4 km (12.1 mi) to a barrier falls near the National Forest boundary; 
the West Fork of Gold Creek from its mouth upstream13.1 km (8.1 mi) to 
its headwaters; and Daisy Creek from its confluence with the West Fork 
of Gold Creek upstream 6.2 km (3.9 mi) to its source provide spawning 
and rearing habitat for the Gold Creek local population of bull trout 
(MBTSG 1995b; USFWS 2002).
    (C) Belmont Creek from its junction with the Blackfoot River 
upstream 16.9 km (10.5 mi) to its source provides spawning and rearing 
habitat for the Belmont Creek local population of bull trout (MBTSG 
1995b; USFWS 2002).
    (D) Cottonwood Creek from its junction with the Blackfoot River 
upstream 23.8 km (14.8 mi) to its source at Cottonwood Lake provides 
spawning and rearing habitat for the Cottonwood Creek local population 
(MBTSG 1995b; USFWS 2002).
    (E) Monture Creek from its junction with the Blackfoot River 
upstream 47.3 km (29.4 mi) to its headwaters; Dunham Creek from its 
confluence with Monture Creek upstream 23.3 km (14.4 mi) to its 
headwaters; and Lodgepole Creek from its junction with Dunham Creek 
upstream 11.7 km (7.2 mi) to its source provide spawning and rearing 
habitat for the Monture Creek local population (MBTSG 1995b; Pierce et 
al. 1997; USFWS 2002).
    (F) The North Fork Blackfoot River from its confluence with the 
Blackfoot River upstream 41.0 km (25.5 mi) to a natural barrier at 
North Fork Falls provides spawning and rearing habitat for the North 
Fork Blackfoot River local population (MBTSG 1995b; Pierce et al. 1997; 
USFWS 2002).
    (G) The Landers Fork from its confluence with the Blackfoot River 
upstream17.9 km (11.2 mi) to a barrier falls near the junction of 
Byrnes Creek (just downstream from the Scapegoat Wilderness), and 
Copper Creek from its junction with Landers Fork upstream 24.0 km (14.9 
mi) to its headwaters provide spawning and rearing habitat for the 
Landers Fork local population (MBTSG 1995b; Pierce et al. 1997; USFWS 
2002).
(xi) Clearwater River and Lake Chain CHSU
    The Clearwater River and Lake Chain CHSU includes the Clearwater 
River, a tributary to the Blackfoot River, drainage in Missoula and 
Powell counties, Montana. A total of 157 km (97 mi) of 9 streams, and 
1,460 ha (3,608 ac) of lake surface area in seven lakes is proposed for 
designation as critical habitat for bull trout in this CHSU. 
Landownership along the streams is approximately 51 percent Federal, 5 
percent State, and 44 percent private.
    (A) Salmon Lake (263 ha (650 ac)) provides FMO habitat for 
tributary populations of bull trout (MBTSG 1995b).
    (B) The Clearwater River from its confluence with Salmon Lake 
upstream 39.1 km (24.3 mi) to its headwaters at Clearwater Lake 
provides habitat for bull trout. FMO habitat for tributary bull trout 
populations occurs below the confluence with the East Fork Clearwater 
River. Upstream from the junction with the East Fork Clearwater River 
spawning and rearing habitat for the Clearwater River local population 
complex of bull trout occurs (MBTSG 1995b; USFWS 2002).
    (C) Owl Creek from its confluence with the Clearwater River 
upstream 6.6 km (4.1 mi) to its origin at Placid Lake, and Placid Lake 
(463 ha (187 ac)) provide FMO habitat for tributary populations. Placid 
Creek from its junction with Placid Lake upstream17.1 km (10.7 mi) to 
its headwaters, and its tributary Finley Creek from its mouth upstream 
8.3 km (5.2 mi) to its source provide spawning and rearing habitat for 
the Placid Creek local population of bull trout (MBTSG 1995b; USFWS 
2002).
    (D) Morrell Creek from its confluence with the Clearwater River 
upstream 29.4 km (18.2 mi) provides spawning and rearing habitat for 
the Morrell Creek local population of bull trout (MBTSG 1995b; USFWS 
2002).
    (E) Seeley Lake (415 ha (1,025 ac)) provides FMO habitat, and Deer 
Creek from its junction with Seeley Lake upstream 16.5 km (10.2 mi) to 
its headwater provides spawning and rearing habitat for the Deer Creek 
local population of bull trout (MBTSG 1995b; USFWS 2002).
    (F) The West Fork Clearwater River from its confluence with the 
Clearwater River upstream 23.1 km (14.3 mi) to its headwaters provides 
FMO habitat in the lower reaches, and spawning and rearing habitat for 
the West Fork Clearwater River local population in the upper reaches 
(MBTSG 1995b; USFWS 2002).


[[Page 71259]]


    (G) Lake Inez (119 ha (294 ac)), Lake Alva (121 ha (299 ac)), Rainy 
Lake (28 ha (69 ac)), and Clearwater Lake (51 ha (126 ac)) provide FMO 
habitat for tributary populations of bull trout (MBTSG 1995b).
    (H) Colt Creek from its confluence with the Clearwater River 
upstream 8.8 km (5.4 mi) to its headwaters, and the East Fork 
Clearwater River from its confluence with the Clearwater River upstream 
7.9 km (4.9 mi) provide spawning and rearing habitat for the Clearwater 
River local population complex (MBTSG 1995b; USFWS 2002).
(xii) Rock Creek CHSU
    The Rock Creek CHSU includes the entire watershed of Rock Creek in 
Missoula and Granite counties, Montana, from its junction with the 
Clark Fork River to its headwaters. A total of 487 km (302 mi) of 28 
streams are proposed for designation as critical habitat for bull trout 
in this CHSU. Landownership along the streams is approximately 73 
percent Federal, 1 percent State, and 26 percent private.
    (A) Rock Creek from its confluence with the Clark Fork River near 
the town of Clinton upstream 83.3 km (51.7 mi) to its forks provides 
FMO habitat for tributary populations of bull trout (MBTSG 1995e).
    (B) Gilbert Creek from its confluence with Rock Creek upstream 13.5 
km (8.4 mi) to its headwaters provides spawning and rearing habitat for 
the Gilbert Creek local population of bull trout (MBTSG 1995e; USFWS 
2002).
    (C) Brewster Creek from its confluence with Rock Creek upstream 
11.4 km (7.1 mi) to its source provides spawning and rearing habitat 
for the Brewster Creek local population of bull trout (MBTSG 1995e; 
USFWS 2002).
    (D) Ranch Creek from its confluence with Rock Creek upstream 16.8 
km (10.4 mi) to its headwaters provides spawning and rearing habitat 
for the Ranch Creek local population of bull trout (MBTSG 1995e; USFWS 
2002).
    (E) Welcome Creek from its confluence with Rock Creek upstream 11.9 
km (7.4 mi) to its source provides spawning and rearing habitat for the 
Welcome Creek local population of bull trout (MBTSG 1995e; USFWS 2002).
    (F) Butte Cabin Creek from its confluence with Rock Creek upstream 
10.2 km (6.3 mi) to its headwaters provides spawning and rearing 
habitat for the Butte Cabin Creek local population of bull trout (MBTSG 
1995e; USFWS 2002).
    (G) Wahlquist Creek from its confluence with Rock Creek upstream 
7.5 km (4.7 mi) to its headwaters provides spawning and rearing habitat 
for the Wahlquist Creek local population of bull trout (MBTSG 1995e; 
USFWS 2002).
    (H) Cougar Creek from its confluence with Rock Creek upstream 7.7 
km (4.8 mi) to its source provides spawning and rearing habitat for the 
Cougar Creek local population of bull trout (MBTSG 1995e; USFWS 2002).
    (I) Hogback Creek from its confluence with Rock Creek upstream 7.3 
km (4.5 mi) to its headwaters provides spawning and rearing habitat for 
the Hogback Creek local population of bull trout (MBTSG 1995e; USFWS 
2002).
    (J) Wyman Creek from its confluence with Rock Creek upstream 13.7 
km (8.5 mi) to its headwaters provides spawning and rearing habitat for 
the Wyman Creek local population of bull trout (MBTSG 1995e; USFWS 
2002).
    (K) Stony Creek from its confluence with Rock Creek upstream 18.1 
km (11.2 mi) to its source provides spawning and rearing habitat for 
the Stony Creek local population of bull trout (MBTSG 1995e; USFWS 
2002).
    (L) Upper Willow Creek from its confluence with Rock Creek upstream 
31.2 km (19.4 mi) to its headwaters, and its tributary Beaver Creek 
from its mouth upstream 6.3 km (3.9 mi) to its source provide spawning 
and rearing habitat for the Upper Willow Creek local population of bull 
trout (MBTSG 1995e; USFWS 2002).
    (M) West Fork Rock Creek from its confluence with Rock Creek 
upstream 38.4 km (23.9 mi) to its headwaters; North Fork Rock Creek 
from its confluence with West Fork Rock Creek upstream 7.8 km (4.8 mi) 
to its headwaters; Sand Basin Creek from its confluence with West Fork 
Rock Creek upstream 10.7 km (6.7 mi) to its source; and Bowles Creek 
from its confluence with West Fork Rock Creek upstream 6.8 km (4.2 mi) 
to its headwaters provide spawning and rearing habitat for the West 
Fork Rock Creek local population of bull trout (MBTSG 1995e; USFWS 
2002).
    (N) Ross Fork Rock Creek from its confluence with West Fork Rock 
Creek upstream 36.7 km (22.8 mi) to its headwaters; Moose Meadow Creek 
from its confluence with Ross Fork Rock Creek upstream 9.4 km (5.8 mi) 
to its source; and South Fork Ross Fork Rock Creek from its confluence 
with Ross Fork Rock Creek upstream 10.0 km (6.2 mi) to its headwaters 
provide spawning and rearing habitat for the Ross Fork Rock Creek local 
population of bull trout (MBTSG 1995e; USFWS 2002).
    (O) East Fork Rock Creek from its confluence with Rock Creek 
upstream 25.8 km (16.0 mi) to its headwaters and Meadow Creek from its 
confluence with East Fork Rock Creek upstream 7.9 km (4.9 mi) to a 
barrier cascade at the confluence of Dexter Creek provide spawning and 
rearing habitat for the East Fork Rock Creek local population of bull 
trout. East Fork Reservoir (170 ha (420 ac) at full pool) provides FMO 
habitat for this local population (MBTSG 1995e; USFWS 2002).
    (P) Middle Fork Rock Creek from its confluence with East Fork Rock 
Creek upstream 38.3 km (23.8 mi) to its source; Copper Creek from its 
confluence with Middle Fork Rock Creek upstream 19.2 km (11.9 mi) to 
its headwaters; Green Canyon Creek from its confluence with Copper 
Creek upstream 6.1 km (3.8 mi) to its headwaters; Lutz Creek from its 
confluence with Copper Creek upstream 8.3 km (5.1 mi) to its 
headwaters; Meyers Creek from its confluence with Middle Fork Rock 
Creek upstream 8.2 km (5.1 mi); and Carpp Creek from its confluence 
with Middle Fork Rock Creek upstream 14.3 km (8.9 mi) provide spawning 
and rearing habitat for the Middle Fork Rock Creek local population of 
bull trout (MBTSG 1995e; USFWS 2002).


(7) Unit 3: Kootenai River Basin


    The Kootenai unit is located upstream and downstream from Libby 
Dam, in Montana, on the Kootenai River. It includes the northwestern 
corner of Montana and the northeastern tip of the panhandle of Idaho. 
The Kootenai River has a unique configuration, entering the U.S. from 
British Columbia, Canada and then returning to British Columbia where 
it joins the upper Columbia River drainage. This unit includes two 
CHSUs: the Kootenai River and Bull Lake CHSU lies in Boundary County, 
Idaho and Lincoln County, Montana. The Lake Koocanusa and Sophie Lake 
CHSU lies in Lincoln County, Montana.
    We are proposing to designate critical habitat for bull trout in 
portions of 27 streams, 2 lakes, and 1 reservoir in this unit. The 
total stream distance is about 528 km (328 mi) in Montana, and 95 km 
(59 mi) in Idaho, for a total of 623 km (387 mi). The lakes and 
reservoir have a surface coverage of about 19,418 ha (47,982 ac), about 
97 percent of which is the Lake Koocanusa reservoir. Landownership 
associated with the proposed critical habitat designations in waterways 
includes approximately 53 percent Federal land, 44 percent private 
lands, and 3 percent State land. The Draft Recovery Plan (USFWS 2002) 
identified 10 local populations of bull trout in this unit as essential 
to recovery.


[[Page 71260]]


(i) Kootenai River and Bull Lake CHSU
    The Kootenai River and Bull Lake CHSU includes the entire Kootenai 
River drainage downstream from Libby Dam, and the Callahan Creek, 
O'Brien Creek, Quartz Creek, Pipe Creek, Libby Creek, Fisher River, and 
Keeler Creek local populations. The following stream segments are 
included in this CHSU.
    (A) The Kootenai River from the Canadian border with Idaho upstream 
184.2 km (114.4 mi) to Libby Dam provides FMO habitat.
    (B) Callahan Creek from its confluence with the Kootenai River 
upstream 12.3 km (7.7 mi) to its headwaters provides spawning and 
rearing habitat. July Creek from its confluence with Callahan Creek 
upstream 1.6 km (1.0 mi) to its headwaters, Goat Creek from its 
confluence with Callahan Creek upstream 7.4 km (4.6 mi) to its 
headwaters, North Fork Callahan Creek from its confluence with Callahan 
Creek upstream 20.4 km (12.7 mi) to its headwaters, and South Fork 
Callahan Creek from its confluence with Callahan Creek upstream 19.6 km 
(12.2 mi) to its headwaters also provides spawning and rearing habitat 
for the Callahan Creek local population.
    (C) O'Brien Creek from its confluence with the Kootenai River 
upstream 17.7 km (11.0 mi) to its headwaters provides spawning and 
rearing habitat for the O'Brien Creek local population.
    (D) Quartz Creek from its confluence with the Kootenai River 
upstream 17.7 km (11.0 mi) to its headwaters, and West Fork Quartz 
Creek from its confluence with Quartz Creek upstream 10.0 km (6.2 mi) 
to its headwaters provide spawning and rearing habitat for the Quartz 
Creek local population.
    (E) Pipe Creek from its confluence with the Kootenai River upstream 
39.6 km (24.6 mi) to its headwaters, and East Fork Pipe Creek from its 
confluence with Pipe Creek upstream 13.5 km (8.4 mi) to its headwaters 
provide spawning and rearing habitat for the Pipe Creek local 
population.
    (F) Libby Creek from its confluence with the Kootenai River 
upstream 48.1 km (29.9 mi) to its headwaters provides spawning and 
rearing habitat. Bear Creek from its confluence with Libby Creek 
upstream 13.2 km (8.2 mi) to its headwaters, Poorman Creek from its 
confluence with Libby Creek upstream 8.8 km (5.5 mi) to its headwaters, 
and Ramsey Creek from its confluence with Libby Creek upstream 9.7 km 
(6.0 mi) to its headwaters also provide spawning and rearing habitat 
for the Libby Creek local population.
    (G) The Fisher River from its confluence with the Kootenai River 
upstream 47.3 km (29.4 mi) provides FMO habitat. West Fisher Creek from 
its confluence with the Fisher River upstream 21.4 km (13.3 mi) 
provides spawning and rearing habitat for the Fisher River local 
population.
    (H) Bull Lake and associated tributaries contain a bull trout 
population that is isolated from the Kootenai River by Troy Dam, built 
in 1917. This population is unusual in that the adult spawners run 
downstream from Bull Lake, using Lake Creek as a corridor to access 
spawning areas in Keeler Creek. Downstream spawning migration is 
uncommon amongst bull trout populations. Bull Lake 506 ha (1,250 ac) 
and Lake Creek, a tributary to Bull Lake upstream from the confluence 
13.0 km (8.1 mi), provide FMO habitat. Keeler Creek from the confluence 
with Lake Creek upstream 13.4 km (8.3 mi), and North Fork Keeler Creek 
from the confluence with Keeler Creek upstream 10.6 km (6.6 mi) provide 
spawning and rearing habitat for the Bull Lake local population.
(ii) Lake Koocanusa and Sophie Lake CHSU
    This CHSU includes the entire Kootenai River drainage in Montana 
upstream from Libby Dam and includes the Grave Creek, Wigwam River, and 
Phillips Creek local populations. Fluvial populations of bull trout in 
the upper Kootenai watershed were converted to an adfluvial life 
history pattern by the addition of the large reservoir (Lake Koocanusa) 
behind Libby Dam, which backs up water some 69 km (43 mi) and into 
Canada.
    (A) Lake Koocanusa, 18,818 ha (46,499 ac) in size of which most 
occurs within the United States, provides FMO habitat for the Grave 
Creek and Wigwam River local populations. The entire U.S. portion of 
the reservoir is proposed for designation as critical habitat for bull 
trout.
    (B) The Tobacco River from its confluence with Lake Koocanusa 
upstream 21.7 km (13.5 mi) provides FMO habitat. Grave Creek from its 
confluence with the Tobacco River upstream 25.4 km (15.8 mi), Clarence 
Creek from its confluence with Grave Creek upstream 8.5 km (5.3 mi), 
and Blue Sky Creek from its confluence with Grave Creek upstream 2.1 km 
(1.3 mi) provide spawning and rearing habitat for the Grave Creek local 
population.
    (C) The upper 7.1 km (4.4 mi) of the Wigwam River, which lies 
within the United States, provides spawning and rearing habitat for the 
Wigwam River local population.
    (D) Sophie Lake, 94 ha (232 ac) in size, provides FMO habitat and 
Phillips Creek, from the confluence with Sophie Lake upstream 5.5 km 
(3.4 mi), provides spawning and rearing habitat for the Phillips Creek 
local population. This population of migratory (adfluvial) bull trout 
are isolated in a closed basin, with no active outlet stream (MBTSG 
1996e).


(8) Unit 4: Willamette River Basin


    The Willamette River Basin Unit includes 337 km (209 mi) of stream 
and 1,600 ha (3,954 ac) of lake habitat in the McKenzie River and 
Middle Fork Willamette River subbasins of western Oregon. The unit is 
located primarily within Lane County, but also extends into Linn 
County. Landownership within the CHSU is 46 percent Federal and 54 
percent private. Currently, there are three known bull trout local 
populations in the McKenzie River subbasin, and one potential bull 
trout local population in the Middle Fork Willamette River subbasin. 
All four of these populations are identified as essential for bull 
trout recovery in the Draft Recovery Plan (USFWS 2002). The stream 
segments that make up the Willamette River Unit are described below. 
With the exception of the mainstem Willamette River, the lower Middle 
Fork Willamette River, and Lost Creek, all segments proposed as 
critical habitat are currently occupied by bull trout, and all segments 
are essential to the conservation of the species, as they are essential 
to supporting populations that meet recovery criteria in the Draft 
Recovery Plan (USFWS 2002).
    (i) The Willamette River from its confluence with the McKenzie 
River at rkm 282.0 (rmi 175.1) upstream 19 km (11.8 mi) to its 
confluence with the Middle Fork Willamette River at rkm 301.0 (187.0). 
This segment provides for the maintenance of the migratory life history 
form of bull trout that is essential to the long-term conservation of 
the species, and is essential for providing connectivity between the 
McKenzie River and Middle Fork Willamette River local populations.
    (ii) The McKenzie River and side channels from its confluence with 
the Willamette River upstream 136 km (84.5 mi) to Trail Bridge Dam, 
including Trail Bridge Reservoir (23 ha (57 ac) at full pool), and 
continuing upstream beyond the reservoir for 3.2 km (2 mi) to Tamolitch 
Falls. Three bull trout local populations have been identified on the 
McKenzie River: (1) the Trail Bridge population includes the McKenzie 
River and tributaries above Trail Bridge Dam; (2) the McKenzie River 
population includes the McKenzie River and tributaries downstream of 
Trail Bridge Dam; and, (3) the South Fork McKenzie River population 
includes the South


[[Page 71261]]


Fork McKenzie River and tributaries above Cougar Dam. The following 
McKenzie River tributaries (and associated reservoirs) are included: 
the Blue River from its confluence with the McKenzie River upstream 2.8 
km (1.7 mi) to Blue River Lake Dam; the South Fork McKenzie River from 
its confluence with the McKenzie River upstream 7.2 km (4.5 mi) to 
Cougar Reservoir, including Cougar Reservoir (560 ha (1,384 ac) at full 
pool), and continuing upstream beyond the reservoir for 25.6 km (15.9 
mi) to the Three Sisters Wilderness Area boundary, and also extending 5 
km (3.1 mi) up Roaring River; Horse Creek and West Fork Horse Creek for 
a total of 18.5 km (11.5 mi) from the confluence with the McKenzie 
River upstream to Separation Creek, including side channels, and 
extending 3.1 km (2 mi) up Separation Creek; Lost Creek from its 
confluence with the McKenzie River upstream 5.8 km (3.6 mi) to a 
headwater spring; Deer Creek from its confluence with the McKenzie 
River upstream for a distance of 4.6 km (2.9 mi); Olallie Creek from 
its confluence with the McKenzie River upstream 3.2 km (2 mi) to a 
natural barrier; Anderson Creek from its confluence with the McKenzie 
River upstream 2.6 km (1.6 mi) to a natural barrier; and Sweetwater 
Creek from its inlet to Trail Bridge Reservoir upstream 1.9 km (1.2 mi) 
to a natural barrier.
    (iii) The Middle Fork Willamette River from its confluence with the 
Willamette River upstream 48 km (29.9 mi) to Hills Creek Reservoir and 
including Dexter Reservoir (343 ha (848 ac)), Lookout Point Reservoir 
(1,617 ha (3,996 ac)), and Hills Creek Reservoir (1,060 ha (2,619 ac) 
at full pool), and continuing upstream from Hills Creek Reservoir for 
32.2 km (20 mi) to the Paddy's Valley/Chuckle Springs area. Bull trout 
currently occur in the upper portion of the Middle Fork Willamette 
River as a result of transplanted fry from Anderson Creek in the 
McKenzie River, and this is considered a rehabilitated local 
population. The following Middle Fork tributaries are included: Swift 
Creek from its confluence with the Middle Fork Willamette River 
upstream 14.7 km (9.1 mi) to its headwaters; and Bear Creek from its 
confluence with Swift Creek upstream 3.2 km (2 mi).


(9) Unit 5: Hood River Basin


    The Hood River unit includes the mainstem Hood River and three 
major tributaries: the Clear Branch Hood River, West Fork Hood River, 
and East Fork Hood River. A total of 178.0 km (110.3 mi) of stream, 
representing 21 percent of the total stream lengths in this unit, is 
proposed for critical habitat. Although the recovery unit includes the 
Sandy River, which is known to be occupied based on recent sightings, 
there is insufficient information at present to identify local 
populations, or describe bull trout habitat use in the Sandy River 
subbasin; therefore no critical habitat is proposed for designation in 
this subbasin. Portions of the mainstem Columbia River utilized by Hood 
River bull trout are considered in the mainstem Columbia River section 
of this document.
    The Hood River unit, located on the western slopes of the Cascades 
Mountains in northwest Oregon, lies entirely within Hood River County, 
Oregon. Landownership adjacent to stream reaches proposed for critical 
habitat within the Hood River unit includes: 48 percent Federal land, 1 
percent State land, and 51 percent private land. Currently, there are 
two local populations (Clear Branch Hood River above Clear Branch Dam, 
and Hood River and tributaries below Clear Branch Dam) identified as 
essential to recovery (USFWS 2002). Also identified are two additional 
areas (West Fork Hood River and East Fork Hood River), where additional 
local populations essential for bull trout recovery are recommended to 
be established. Presently, bull trout in the Hood River basin are 
believed to be at substantial risk, numbering less than 300 adult fish, 
emphasizing the need to establish additional local populations (USFWS 
2002).
    (i) Hood River from the Columbia River upstream 23.7 km (14.7 mi) 
to its confluence with the east and middle forks provides FMO habitat 
as well as connectivity with the mainstem Columbia River.
    (ii) West Fork Hood River from the Hood River confluence upstream 
23.2 km (14.4 mi) to the confluence with Elk and McGee creeks provides 
FMO habitat. Current occupancy is confirmed from sightings at the fish 
ladder on Punchbowl Falls and from trap information (USFWS 2002). This 
habitat is essential for establishing additional reproducing local 
population(s) in the west fork (and east fork), which is essential to 
the long-term conservation of the species (USFWS 2002).
    (iii) Lake Branch Hood River from the confluence with the west fork 
upstream 4.2 km (2.6 mi) to the confluence with Laurel Creek. 
Establishing additional local population(s) in the west and east fork 
is identified as an action necessary to achieve recovery (USFWS 2002). 
Lake Branch would serve as FMO habitat linking Laurel and Divers 
creeks, both of which were identified in U.S. Forest Service 
(USFS1996a) as having suitable water temperatures to provide spawning 
habitat. Divers Creek from the Lake Branch confluence upstream 
approximately 5.6 km (3.5 mi) to its headwaters is essential to provide 
spawning habitat to support additional local populations necessary to 
achieve recovery, as identified in the Draft Recovery Plan (USFWS 
2002). Laurel Creek from the Lake Branch confluence upstream 
approximately 5.8 km (3.6 mi) to its headwaters is essential to provide 
potential spawning habitat for supporting additional local populations 
in this unit (USFWS 2002).
    (iv) Red Hill Creek from the west fork confluence upstream 
approximately 5.5 km (3.4 mi) to its headwaters is essential to provide 
spawning habitat to support additional local populations, identified as 
essential to recovery (USFWS 2002). Elk Creek from the west fork 
confluence upstream 6.6 km (4.1 mi) to its headwaters also provides 
potential spawning habitat to support a population that is identified 
in the Draft Recovery Plan as essential to achieve recovery (USFWS 
2002).
    (v) East Fork Hood River from the Hood River confluence upstream 
44.1 km (27.4 mi) to its headwaters is essential to provide FMO habitat 
to support additional local populations necessary to achieve long-term 
conservation of the species (USFWS 2002). Streams with habitat 
conditions for expanding bull trout spawning and rearing habitat have 
yet to be identified in the east fork subwatershed. Griswell Creek from 
the confluence with the east fork upstream 0.6 km (0.4 mi) to the Evans 
Creek confluence provides FMO habitat between Evans Creek, which is 
known to be occupied (Buchanan et al. 1997; USFWS 2002), and the East 
Fork Hood River, and potentially with spawning habitat essential to 
establish additional local populations necessary for recovery (USFWS 
2002). Evans Creek from the confluence with Griswell Creek upstream 
12.9 km (8.0 mi) to its headwaters is known to be occupied (Buchanan et 
al. 1997; USFWS 2002), and provides FMO habitat at a minimum, and 
possibly spawning and/or juvenile rearing habitat.
    (vi) Middle Fork Hood River from the Hood River confluence upstream 
15.4 km (9.6 mi) to the confluence with Coe Branch provides spawning 
and rearing habitat for the Hood River local population. Bear Creek 
from the Middle Fork Hood River confluence upstream 1.3 km (0.8 mi) to 
the confluence with an unnamed tributary is occupied and provides 
spawning and rearing habitat for the Hood River local population. 
Elliot Creek from the Middle Fork Hood


[[Page 71262]]


River confluence upstream 1.3 km (0.8 mi) to the confluence with Elliot 
Ditch is occupied and provides spawning and rearing habitat for the 
Hood River local population. Coe Branch from the Middle Fork Hood River 
confluence upstream 3.9 km (2.4 mi) to the confluence with Compass 
Creek is currently occupied, provides FMO habitat for the Hood River 
local population, and provides connectivity between spawning and 
rearing habitat in Compass Creek and the Middle Fork Hood River. 
Compass Creek from the confluence with Coe Branch upstream 4.3 km (2.7 
mi) to the headwaters provides spawning and rearing habitat for the 
Hood River local population.
    (vii) Clear Branch from the confluence with the Middle Fork Hood 
River upstream 1.4 km (0.9 mi) to Clear Branch Dam provides FMO 
habitat. Clear Branch above Laurance Lake upstream 5.0 km (3.1 mi) to 
the confluence with two unnamed tributaries is occupied habitat 
providing spawning and rearing habitat for the Clear Branch local 
population. Laurance Lake, with an area of 37 ha (91 ac) provides 
rearing habitat for the Clear Branch local population. Pinnacle Creek 
from the confluence with Laurance Lake upstream 3.25 km (2.02 mi) to a 
gradient barrier is occupied and provides spawning and rearing habitat 
for the Clear Branch local population.


(10) Unit 6: Deschutes River Basin


    Two CHSUs, the lower Deschutes and the upper Deschutes, separated 
by Big Falls, an impassible barrier on the Deschutes River at rkm 211.4 
(rmi 131.4) (Stuart et al. 1997), comprise this unit.
(i) Lower Deschutes CHSU
    The Lower Deschutes CHSU is in Wasco, Sherman, Jefferson, 
Deschutes, and Crook Counties in central Oregon. Approximately 576 km 
(358 mi) of stream in the lower Deschutes River basin is proposed for 
critical habitat designation. Approximately 23 percent of the proposed 
streams are located on Federal lands, 44 percent on private lands, 32 
percent on Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs Reservation of Oregon 
lands, and 1 percent on State lands. There are five known local 
populations in the lower Deschutes basin; all are identified as 
essential to the long-term conservation of the species (USFWS 2002). 
Local populations of bull trout that occupy this area include the Warm 
Springs, Shitike Creek, Whitewater River, Jefferson/Candle/Abbot 
complex, and Canyon/Jack/Heising/mainstem Metolious complex. The 
following stream segments are included in this CHSU.
    (A) The Deschutes River from its mouth at the Columbia River at rkm 
329.8 (rmi 204.8) upstream 211.6 km (131.5 mi) provides FMO habitat for 
bull trout (Buchanan et al. 1997). The Deschutes River is important 
migration habitat connecting the local populations in the lower portion 
of the river, as well as providing rearing and foraging habitat. Pelton 
Reservoir (70 ha (174 ac)), Lake Simtustus (84.65 ha (236.6 ac)), and 
Lake Billy Chinook (1,543 ha (3,813 ac)) are created reservoirs on the 
Deschutes River, and are included as FMO habitat. Currently, there is 
no operating fish passage through the dams. Creation of a fish passage 
mechanism is being planned for future operation of the dams. Lake Billy 
Chinook provides important foraging and overwintering habitat for an 
adfluvial population which spawns in the Metolius River.
    (B) Warm Springs River from its confluence with the Deschutes River 
at rkm 134.2 upstream 45.4 km (28.2 mi) contains FMO habitat. From rkm 
45.5 upstream 28.0 km (17.4 mi) to its confluence with Dry Creek at rkm 
73.6 spawning and rearing habitat occurs. This reach is interspersed 
with reaches on the Warm Springs Indian Reservation that are not 
included as proposed critical habitat due to their management as 
``Conditional Use Areas,'' such that special management considerations 
or protections are not necessary. Bunchgrass Creek provides spawning 
and rearing habitat from its confluence with the Warm Spring River at 
rkm 62.8 upstream 10 km (6.2 mi) to its source at Cold Spring (Buchanan 
et al. 1997).
    (C) Shitike Creek from its confluence with the Deschutes River at 
rkm 155.0 upstream 14.6 km (9.1 mi) provides FMO habitat. From rkm 14.6 
upstream 36.8 km (22.9 mi) is spawning and rearing habitat (Buchanan et 
al. 1997).
    (D) Crooked River from its confluence with Lake Billy Chinook at 
rkm 189.9 upstream 1 km (0.62 mi) to Opal Springs Dam contains FMO 
habitat known to be occupied. From Opal Springs dam upstream 62.5 km 
(38.8 mi) to the city of Prineville, FMO habitat of unknown occupancy 
exists. A few records of bull trout have been made (Buchanan et al. 
1997) and at least in part due to cold water springs along the length 
of Crooked River Gorge, the habitat is currently adequate for bull 
trout. Fish passage was not provided when the dam was enlarged in 1983, 
so there has been no record of bull trout above the dam since that time 
(Buchanan et al. 1997). However, habitat connectivity and habitat for 
migration in the Crooked River, which can be established by creating 
fish passage through Opal Springs Dam, is essential for the long-term 
conservation of the species (USFWS 2002).
    (E) Metolius River from its confluence with Lake Billy Chinook at 
rkm 195.3 upstream 37.2 km (23.1 mi) to the confluence with Jack Creek 
contains FMO habitat (Buchanan et al. 1997).
    (F) Whitewater River from its confluence with the Metolius River at 
rkm 9.2 (rmi 5.7) upstream 17 km (10.6 mi) to its source provides 
spawning and rearing habitat (Buchanan et al. 1997).
    (G) Jefferson Creek from its confluence with the Metolius River at 
rkm 25.5 (rmi 15.8) upstream 14.5 km (9 mi) to an impassable waterfall 
(Buchanan et al. 1997); an unnamed tributary to Jefferson Creek at rkm 
10.4 (rmi 6.5) upstream 0.8 km (0.5 mi) to its source; Parker Creek 
from its confluence with Jefferson Creek at rkm 12.3 (rmi 7.6) upstream 
0.6 km (0.4 mi); Candle Creek from its confluence with the Metolius 
River at rkm 25.7 (rmi 16.0) upstream 6.1 km (3.8 mi) to Cabot Creek; 
and Abbot Creek from its confluence with the Metolius River at rkm 26.3 
(rmi 16.3) upstream 5.3 km (3.3 mi) to its source spring on the south 
east side of Abbot Butte contain spawning and rearing habitat (ODFW 
2002).
    (H) Metolius River from its confluence with Jack Creek upstream 7.2 
km (4.5 mi) to the two springs at its source; Canyon Creek from its 
confluence with the Metolius River at rkm 36.1 (rmi 22.4) upstream 8.8 
km (5.5 mi) to USFS road 1235; an unnamed tributary to Canyon Creek 
which is east of, and parallel to, Brush Creek upstream 3.4 km (2.1 
mi); Brush Creek from its confluence with Canyon Creek at rkm 1.5 (rmi 
0.9) upstream 6.1 km (3.8 mi) to USFS road 1230; Roaring Creek from its 
confluence with Canyon Creek at rkm 3.9 (rmi 2.4) upstream 2.9 km (1.8 
mi) to two forks; up the north fork to the source springs and up the 
west fork to the intersection of USFS roads 1260 and 1230; Jack Creek 
from its confluence with the Metolius River at rkm 37.3 (rmi 23.2) 
upstream 7.4 km (4.6 mi) to its source springs (Buchanan et al. 1997); 
and Heising Spring from its confluence with the Metolius River near the 
mouth of Jack Creek upstream 0.2 km (0.12 mi) to its source (ODFW 2002) 
contain spawning and rearing habitat.
    (I) The Lake Creek stream system is composed of a reverse dendritic 
(branching like a tree) pattern: As Lake Creek flows downstream, it 
splits into the North Fork, Middle Fork, and South Fork; the North Fork 
flows directly into the Metolius River; the South Fork and


[[Page 71263]]


Middle Fork flow back together again before entering the Metolius 
River. Lake Creek, including North Fork Lake Creek from its confluence 
with the Metolius River at rkm 41.8 (rmi 26.0) upstream 5.6 km (3.5 mi) 
to its confluence with Lake Creek; Middle Fork Lake Creek from its 
confluence with the Metolius River at rkm 42.3 (rmi 26.3) upstream 5.6 
km (3.5 mi) to Lake Creek; South Fork Lake Creek from its confluence 
with Middle Fork Lake Creek at rkm 2.5 (rmi 15.5) upstream 4 km (2.5 
mi) to Lake Creek; Lake Creek form its confluence with North, Middle, 
and South Fork Lake Creek upstream 2.4 km (1.5 mi) to Suttle Lake; and 
Suttle Lake (105 ha (259 ac)) contain FMO habitat of unknown occupancy. 
Link Creek from Suttle Lake upstream 1 km (0.6 mi) to Blue Lake is 
suitable spawning and rearing habitat of unknown occupancy; Blue Lake 
(22 ha (55 ac)) is FMO habitat of unknown occupancy. Together, these 
streams and lakes are identified as habitat essential to supporting an 
additional bull trout population necesssary to provide for the 
recovered distribution of bull trout (USFWS 2002).
    (J) Squaw Creek from its confluence with the Deschutes River at rkm 
195.8 (rmi 121.6) upstream 2.4 km (1.5 mi) to Alder Spring provides FMO 
habitat (Buchanan et al. 1997). Restoring connectivity is an essential 
element for the long-term conservation of the species (USFWS 2002).
(ii) Upper Deschutes CHSU
    The upper Deschutes River CHSU is located in Deschutes, Crook, and 
Klamath counties in central Oregon. Approximately 225.4 km (140.1 mi) 
of stream in the upper Deschutes River basin is proposed for critical 
habitat designation. Approximately 64 percent of the proposed streams 
are located on Federal lands, 35 percent on private lands, and 1 
percent are on State lands. Bull trout are not currently known to occur 
in this area. Preliminary investigations and historic information 
indicate that habitat for bull trout is currently present (Riehle and 
Nolte 1992). The Draft Recovery Plan (USFWS 2002) identifies the 
historic habitat in the upper Deschutes basin as core habitat (i.e., 
habitat that contains the essential physical elements for bull trout to 
persist and that is deemed critical to recovery), and as a priority one 
recovery need, but does not identify the number of local populations 
needed for recovery. The plan calls for a study to determine the 
feasibility of re-introduction of bull trout in the upper Deschutes 
River basin. The following stream segments are included in the proposed 
critical habitat designation because a designation limited to the areas 
currently occupied would be inadequate to ensure the conservation of 
the species (50 CFR 242.12(e).
    (A) The Deschutes River from Wickiup Reservoir upstream 12.4 km 
(7.7 mi) to its source at Lava Lake; Little Deschutes River from its 
confluence with Crescent Creek at rkm 59.6 (rmi 37.0) upstream 31.5 km 
(19.6 mi) to the intersection with Highway 58, and from there upstream 
23.7 km (14.7 mi) to its source at rkm 114.9 (rmi 71.4); ; Crescent 
Creek from its confluence with the Little Deschutes River upstream 25.4 
km (15.8 mi) to the intersection with USFS road 61; Big Marsh Creek 
from its confluence with Crescent Creek at rkm 31.9 (rmi 19.8) upstream 
12.9 km (8 mi) through the marsh at rkm 9.4 (rmi 5.8), and from the 
marsh upstream 10 km (6.2 mi) to its source at rkm 22.8 (rmi 14.2); ; 
Crescent Lake (1,488 ha (3,676 ac)); Wickiup Reservoir (4,103 ha 
(10,139 ac)); Crane Prairie Reservoir (1,675 ha (4,139 ac)); Little 
Lava Lake (53 ha (130 ac)); and Lava Lake (139 ha (344 ac)) contain FMO 
habitat not currently known to be occupied (Buchanan et al. 1997) but 
deemed essential to the long-term conservation of the species (USFWS 
2002;).
    (B) Crescent Creek from the intersection with USFS road 61 at rkm 
25.5 (rmi 15.8) upstream 15.8 km (9.8 mi) to Crescent Lake; Cold Creek 
from its confluence with Crescent Creek upstream 3.9 km (2.4 mi) to its 
spring source near the railroad tracks; Whitefish Creek from its 
confluence with Crescent Lake upstream 8.2 km (5.1 mi) to a water fall; 
and Refrigerator Creek from its confluence with Big Marsh Creek 
upstream 6.1 km (3.8 mi) to its source contain spawning and rearing 
habitat not currently known to be occupied but deemed essential to the 
long-term conservation of the species (USFWS 2002).
    (C) Hemlock Creek from its confluence with the Little Deschutes 
River upstream 8.9 km (5.5 mi) to its source; Spruce Creek from its 
confluence with Hemlock Creek upstream 6.3 km (3.9 mi) to its source; 
and Fall River from its confluence with the Little Deschutes River 
upstream 14.2 km (8.8 mi) to its source contains spawning and rearing 
habitat not currently known to be occupied but deemed essential to the 
long-term conservation of the species (USFWS 2002).
    (D) North Davis Creek from its confluence with Wickiup Reservoir 
upstream 1 km (0.6 mi) to its source; Browns Creek from its confluence 
with Wickiup Reservoir upstream 19.8 km (12.3 mi) to its spring source; 
Quin River from its confluence with Crane Prairie Reservoir upstream 
0.3 km (0.2 mi) to its spring source; Cultus River from its confluence 
with Crane Prairie Reservoir upstream 13.5 km (8.4 mi) to its spring 
source; and Snow Creek from its confluence with the Deschutes River at 
rkm 375.4 (rmi 233.1) upstream 7.4 km (4.6 mi) to its spring source 
contain spawning and rearing habitat not currently known to be occupied 
but deemed essential to the long-term conservation of the species 
(USFWS 2002).


(11) Unit 7: Odell Lake


    The Odell Lake Unit lies entirely within the Deschutes National 
Forest in Deschutes and Klamath counties. Total proposed critical 
habitat in this unit includes approximately 2,675 ha (6,611 ac) of 
lakes and 18.1 km (11.3 mi) of streams. The following lake area and 
stream segments are included in this critical habitat unit:
    (i) Odell Lake, approximately 1,457 ha (3,600 ac) in surface area 
within the lake shoreline as depicted on a 1:24,000 scale map. Odell 
Lake is the primary FMO habitat for this adfluvial bull trout 
population.
    (ii) Trapper Creek from its mouth at the confluence with Odell Lake 
to rkm 4.0 (rmi 2.5) at the confluence of two spring-fed tributaries 
which form its headwaters. Trapper Creek is the only tributary to Odell 
Lake where bull trout spawning and rearing is currently known to occur.
    (iii) Crystal Creek from its mouth at the confluence with Odell 
Lake to its headwater springs at approximately rkm 2.4 (rmi 1.5). 
Crystal Creek historically supported bull trout spawning and maintains 
many of the habitat elements essential to the conservation of bull 
trout. Establishment of an appropriate additional spawning population 
in the area at Crystal Creek is essential to the long-term conservation 
of the species (USFWS 2002).
    (iv) Odell Creek from its confluence with Odell Lake downstream 
11.7 km (7.3 mi) to its confluence with Davis Lake. This area is 
included in this proposal because it currently is foraging habitat for 
the population that spawns in Trapper Creek that is essential to the 
long-term conservation of the species, and also because it provides 
additional spawning habitat that is essential to the long-term 
conservation of the species (USFWS 2002).
    (v) Davis Lake (1,218 ha; 3,011 ac) is historical habitat that may 
currently provide FMO habitat for bull trout, and is essential to 
supporting a larger, more resilient bull trout population that is 
essential to the conservation of the


[[Page 71264]]


species (T. Wise, ODFW, pers. Comm., 2002; N. Dachtler, USFS, pers. 
Comm., 2002).


(12) Unit 8: John Day River Basin


    The John Day River unit in the John Day River Basin in eastern 
Oregon includes portions of the mainstem John Day River, the North Fork 
John Day River, the Middle Fork John Day River and their tributary 
streams in Wheeler, Grant, and Umatilla counties, Oregon. A total of 
1,080 km (671 mi) of stream is proposed for critical habitat. 
Landownership along the stream reaches proposed for critical habitat 
within the John Day River critical habitat unit includes approximately 
54 percent Federal land, less than 1 percent State land, and 46 percent 
privately owned land.
    Currently, there are three subpopulations recognized in the basin 
(Buchanan et al. 1997): the upper John Day basin including tributary 
streams; the North Fork John Day River including tributary streams; and 
the Middle Fork John Day and its tributary. The three subpopulation 
areas all flow together with no physical barriers between them, except 
for barriers as a seasonal consequence of low flow and high stream 
temperatures during summer that may limit the seasonal distribution of 
individuals. All proposed critical habitat designations are essential 
to the long-term conservation of the species (USFWS 2002). The 
following stream segments are included in this unit.
    (i) Upper John Day River from its confluence with the North Fork 
John Day River at rkm 290.9 (rmi 180.6) to its confluence with Reynolds 
Creek at rkm 424.7 (rmi 263.7) provides FMO habitat. From Reynolds 
Creek upstream 20.4 km (12.7 mi) to its source there is occupied 
spawning and rearing habitat (Buchanan et al.1997; Hemmingsen et al. 
2001a,b,c,d). Canyon Creek from its confluence with the John Day River 
at rkm 389.8 (rmi 242.1) upstream 43.8 km (27.2 mi) to its source, and 
Pine Creek from its confluence with the John Day River at rkm 401.9 
(rmi 249.6) upstream 16.7 km (10.4 mi) to its source, are habitat areas 
that provide for expansion of bull trout populations in the upper sub-
basin, which is essential for long-term conservation of the species 
(USFWS 2002). Indian Creek from its confluence with the John Day River 
at rkm 404.2 (rmi 251.0) upstream 19.2 km (11.9 mi) to its source 
contains spawning and rearing habitat. Bull trout are known to occur in 
Indian Creek (Claire and Gray, unpublished 1993; Buchanan et al. 1997), 
but a large fire in the Indian Creek watershed in 1996 may have 
negatively impacted the bull trout population. Reestablishing this 
population is essential to the long-term conservation of the species 
(USFWS 2002). Strawberry Creek from its confluence with the John Day 
River at rkm 413.1 (rmi 256.5) upstream 13.7 km (8.5 mi) to the USFS 
boundary contains suitable FMO habitat, and from the USFS boundary 
upstream 7.6 km (4.7 mi) to its source contains suitable spawning and 
rearing habitat. Strawberry Creek is identified as stream habitat to 
allow for expansion of bull trout populations in the upper watershed, 
an action deemed essential to the long-term conservation of the species 
(USFWS 2002). Reynolds Creek from its confluence with the John Day 
River at rkm 424.7 (rmi 263.7) upstream 14.8 km (9.2 mi) to its source, 
and North Fork Reynolds Creek from its confluence with Reynolds Creek 
at rkm 6.4 (4.0 mi) upstream 11.9 km (7.4 mi) to its source contain 
occupied spawning and rearing habitat (Buchanan et al. 1997). Deardorff 
Creek from its confluence with the John Day River at rkm 426.8 (rmi 
265.0) upstream 15.4 km (9.6 mi) to its source (Buchanan et al. 1997; 
Hemmingsen et al. 2001a,b,c,d), Rail Creek from its confluence with the 
John Day River at rkm 432.1 (rmi 268.3) upstream 11.4 km (7.1 mi) to 
its source (Buchanan et al. 1997), Roberts Creek from its confluence 
with the John Day River at rkm 432.2 (rmi 268.4) upstream 8.8 km (5.5 
mi) to its source (Buchanan et al. 1997; Hemmingsen et al. 
2001a,b,c,d), and Call Creek from its confluence with the John Day 
River at rkm 436.2 (rmi 270.9) upstream 5.9 km (3.7 mi) to its source 
(Buchanan et al. 1997; Hemmingsen et al. 2001a,b,c,d) contain occupied 
spawning and rearing habitat.
    (ii) North Fork John Day River from the confluence with the John 
Day River at rkm 290.9 (rmi 180.6) upstream 137 km (85 mi) to Granite 
Creek contains occupied FMO habitat. From Granite Creek upstream 38.5 
km (23.9 mi) to its source contains occupied spawning and rearing 
habitat. West Fork Meadow Brook Creek from its confluence with North 
Fork John Day River at rkm 93.8 (rmi 58.2) upstream 4.5 km (2.8 mi) to 
East Fork Meadow Brook Creek contains occupied FMO habitat. East Fork 
Meadow Brook Creek from its confluence with the West Fork Meadow Brook 
Creek upstream 18 km (11.2 mi) to its source is occupied spawning and 
rearing habitat (ODFW 1996; Buchanan et al. 1997). Desolation Creek 
from its confluence with North Fork John Day River at rkm 94.5 (rmi 
58.7) upstream 8.7 km (5.4 mi) is known FMO habitat. From this point 
upstream 24.6 km (15.3 mi) to its source contains occupied spawning and 
rearing habitat (ODFW 1996; Buchanan et al. 1997). North Fork 
Desolation Creek from its confluence with Desolation Creek at rkm 33.3 
(rmi 20.7) upstream 10.5 km (6.5 mi) to its source is historic spawning 
and rearing habitat from which bull trout have probably been extirpated 
(Buchanan et al. 1997; ODFW 2001). This reach is identified as habitat 
essential for the long-term conservation of bull trout (USFWS 2002). 
South Fork Desolation Creek from its confluence with Desolation Creek 
at rkm 33.3 (rmi 20.7) upstream 14.0 km (8.7 mi) to its source contains 
occupied spawning and rearing habitat (Buchanan et al. 1997). Big Creek 
from its confluence with the North Fork John Day River at rkm 119.3 
(rmi 74.1) upstream 2.1 km (1.3 mi) to its confluence with Winom Creek 
provides occupied spawning and rearing habitat (ODFW 1996). Winom Creek 
from its confluence with Big Creek at rkm 2.0 (rmi 1.2) upstream 12.0 
km (7.4 mi) to its source contains occupied spawning and rearing 
habitat (ODFW 1996). Granite Creek from its confluence with North Fork 
John Day River at rkm 136.7 (rmi 84.9) upstream 25.4 km (15.8 mi) to 
its source is known historic spawning and rearing habitat (Buchanan et 
al. 1997) identified as essential for the long-term conservation of 
bull trout (USFWS 2002). Clear Creek from its confluence with the 
Granite Creek at rkm 12.0 (rmi 7.5) upstream 33.0 km (20.5 mi) to its 
source, and Lightning Creek from its confluence with Clear Creek 
upstream 4.8 km (3.0 mi) to its source contain spawning and rearing 
habitat (ODFW 1996). West Fork Clear Creek from its confluence with 
Lightning Creek at rkm 2.7 (rmi 1.7) upstream 7.2 km (4.5 mi) to its 
source, and Salmon Creek from its confluence with Lightning Creek at 
rkm 4.9 (rmi 3.0) upstream 3.2 km (2.0 mi) contain spawning and rearing 
habitat (ODFW 1996; Buchanan et al. 1997). Bull Run Creek from its 
confluence with Granite Creek at rkm 14.9 (rmi 9.3) upstream 20.6 km 
(12.8 mi) to its source provides occupied FMO habitat (ODFW 1996; ODFW 
2001). Boundary Creek from its confluence with Bull Run Creek at rkm 
16.4 (rmi 10.2) upstream 4.0 km (2.5 mi) to its source, and Deep Creek 
from its confluence with Bull Run Creek at rkm 7.2 (rmi 4.5) upstream 
5.6 km (3.5 mi) to its source contain spawning and rearing habitat 
(ODFW 1996; ODFW 2001). Boulder Creek from its confluence with Granite 
Creek at rkm 16.4 (rmi 10.2) upstream 8.2 km (5.1 mi) to its source 
provides spawning and rearing habitat (Buchanan et al. 1997;


[[Page 71265]]


ODFW 2001). Crane Creek from its confluence with North Fork John Day 
River at rkm 147.7 (rmi 91.7) upstream 20.9 km (13.0 mi) provides FMO 
habitat. From this point upstream 12.7 km (7.9 mi) to its source, there 
is spawning and rearing habitat (ODFW 1996; Buchanan et al. 1997; ODFW 
2001). Trail Creek from its confluence with the North Fork John Day 
River at rkm 156.9 (rmi 97.4) upstream 2.9 km (1.8 mi) to its 
confluence with North Trail Creek, and South Trail Creek contains FMO 
habitat (ODFW 1996; Buchanan et al. 1997), with bull trout presence 
documented both above and below this reach. South Trail Creek from its 
confluence with Trail Creek at rkm 2.9 (rmi 1.8) upstream 10.5 km (6.5 
mi) to its source provides spawning and rearing habitat (ODFW 1996; 
Buchanan et al. 1997; ODFW 2001). Onion Creek from its confluence with 
the North Fork John Day River at rkm 157.5 (rmi 97.8) upstream to its 
source contains spawning and rearing habitat (ODFW 1996; Buchanan et 
al. 1997). Baldy Creek from its confluence with the North Fork John Day 
River at rkm 164.8 (rmi 102.3) upstream 7.9 km (4.9 mi), including a 
fork to the east and to its spring source, contains spawning and 
rearing habitat. Crawfish Creek from its confluence with North Fork 
John Day River at rkm 166.6 (rmi 103.5) upstream 8.4 km (5.2 mi) to its 
source provides spawning and rearing habitat (ODFW 1996; Buchanan et 
al. 1997; ODFW 2001). Cunningham Creek from its confluence with North 
Fork John Day River at rkm 169.7 (rmi 105.4) upstream 2.9 km (1.8 mi) 
to its source contains spawning and rearing habitat (ODFW 1996; 
Buchanan et al. 1997).
    (iii) Middle Fork John Day River from its confluence with the North 
Fork John Day River at rkm 50.4 (rmi 31.3) to its source is known FMO 
habitat (Buchanan et al. 1997). Indian Creek from its confluence with 
the Middle Fork John Day River at rkm 54.8 (rmi 34.0) upstream 21.7 km 
(13.5 mi) to its source is known historic spawning and rearing habitat, 
but is suspected to be currently unoccupied (Buchanan et al. 1997). 
This reach is necessary to provide for the recovered distribution of 
bull trout (USFWS 2002). Big Creek from its confluence with the Middle 
Fork John Day River at rkm 60.4 (rmi 37.5) upstream 20.6 km (12.8 mi) 
to its source, and Deadwood Creek from its confluence with Big Creek at 
rkm 7.4 (rmi 4.6) upstream approximately 7.1 km (4.4 mi) contain 
occupied spawning and rearing habitat (Buchanan et al. 1997). Big 
Boulder Creek from its confluence with the Middle Fork John Day River 
at rkm 83.8 (rmi 52.0) upstream 10.3 km (6.4 mi) to its source is known 
historic spawning and rearing habitat, suspected to be currently 
unoccupied (Buchanan et al. 1997), and necessary to provide for the 
recovered distribution of bull trout (USFWS 2002). Granite Boulder 
Creek from its confluence with the Middle Fork John Day River at rkm 
89.4 (rmi 55.5) upstream 13 km (8.1 mi) to a barrier falls is occupied 
spawning and rearing habitat (Buchanan et al. 1997). Butte Creek from 
its confluence with the Middle Fork John Day River at rkm 90.4 (rmi 
56.1) upstream 7.7 km (4.8 mi) to its source is historic spawning and 
rearing habitat and is identified as essential habitat for the long-
term conservation of bull trout (USFWS 2002). Davis Creek from its 
confluence with the Middle Fork John Day River at rkm 101.3 (rmi 62.9) 
upstream 10.8 km (6.7 mi) also contains spawning and rearing habitat 
essential for the long-term conservation of bull trout (USFWS 2002). 
Vinegar Creek from its confluence with the Middle Fork John Day River 
at rkm 102.5 (rmi 63.7) upstream to its source is occupied spawning and 
rearing habitat ((Seals, unpublished 2000), and also is identified as 
habitat essential for the long-term conservation of bull trout (USFWS 
2002). Clear Creek from its confluence with the Middle Fork John Day 
River at rkm 104.8 (rmi 65.1) upstream 20.1 km (12.5 mi) to its source 
is occupied spawning and rearing habitat (Buchanan et al. 1997).
    (iv) Dry Creek from its confluence with Pine Creek at rkm 9.59 (rmi 
5.96) upstream 8.7 km (5.4 mi) to its source is spawning and rearing 
habitat for an isolated resident group of bull trout (ODFW 1996).
    (v) Hideaway Creek from its confluence with Camas Creek at rkm 32.7 
(rmi 20.3) upstream to its source is historic habitat (Buchanan et al. 
1997) that is identified as essential to provide for the recovered 
distribution of bull trout (USFWS 2002). Cable Creek from its 
confluence with Camas Creek at rkm 28.3 (rmi 17.6) upstream 11.3 km 
(7.0 mi) to its source is habitat essential for the recovered 
distribution of bull trout (USFWS 2002).


(13) Unit 9: Umatilla-Walla Walla River Basins


    The Umatilla and Walla Walla Rivers Unit is located in northeastern 
Oregon and southeastern Washington. The unit includes 636 km (395 mi) 
of stream extending across portions of Umatilla, Union, and Wallowa 
counties in Oregon, and Walla Walla and Columbia counties in 
Washington. Currently, there are four known bull trout local 
populations in this unit, three in the Walla Walla River Basin, and one 
in the Umatilla River Basin. The Draft Recovery Plan (USFWS 2002) 
indicates the need to maintain these four local populations to provide 
for the recovered distribution of bull trout. Landownership patterns 
are discussed in the individual CHSU descriptions.
(i) Umatilla CHSU
    Approximately 284 km (176.4 mi) of stream has been proposed as 
critical habitat for bull trout in the Umatilla basin. Landownership 
within the CHSU is 37 percent Federal, 44 percent private, and 19 
percent Tribal. Approximately 55 km (34 mi) of stream within the 
Umatilla Indian Reservation are proposed as critical habitat. The 
stream segments that make up the Umatilla CHSU are described below.
    (A) The Umatilla River from its confluence with the Columbia River 
upstream 141.3 km (87.8 mi) to the confluence with the North and South 
Forks of the Umatilla, and extending 5.8 km (3.6 mi) up Squaw Creek, 
and 3.2 km (2.0 mi) up Ryan Creek. The lower 120 km (75 mi) of the 
Umatilla River below Squaw Creek provides important habitat for 
foraging, overwintering, and seasonal subadult rearing for an existing 
bull trout local population that spawn in upper portions of the 
Umatilla and Meacham Creek drainages. It also serves as a corridor for 
movement to the Columbia River. Subadult rearing, and potentially 
spawning, occurs in Squaw Creek, Ryan Creek, and the Umatilla River 
above Squaw Creek.
    (B) Meacham Creek from its confluence with the Umatilla River 
upstream 34.5 km (21.4 mi) and extending up the following tributaries: 
North Fork Meacham Creek for a distance of 16 km (10 mi), including 4.8 
km (3.0 mi) of Pot Creek, and East Fork Meacham Creek for a distance of 
3.8 km (2.4 mi). Lower portions of Meacham and North Fork Meacham 
Creeks provide foraging and overwintering habitat, as well as a 
migratory corridor to the Umatilla River. Spawning and rearing has been 
documented in upper portions of North Fork Meacham Creek, and in the 
identified reach of Pot Creek. Suitable spawning and rearing habitat 
exists in the upper portion of Meacham Creek and in East Fork Meacham 
Creek, but bull trout have not been observed there in recent years 
(Germond et al. 1996).
    (C) The North Fork Umatilla River from its confluence with the 
South Fork upstream 16.6 km (10.3 mi) to its headwaters and extending 
1.6 km (1.0 mi) up Coyote Creek and 1.6 km (1.0 mi)


[[Page 71266]]


up Woodward Creek. This area supports the highest concentrations of 
spawning bull trout in the Umatilla Basin (Germond et al. 1996; 
Buchanan et al. 1997).
    (D) The South Fork Umatilla River from its confluence with the 
North Fork upstream 17.4 km (10.8 mi) to its headwaters and extending 
11.1 km (6.9 mi) up Buck Creek, 8.8 km (5.5 mi) up Thomas Creek, 8.2 km 
(5.1 mi) up Spring Creek, and 9.2 km (5.7 mi) up Shimmiehorn Creek. 
These drainages are used by rearing and resident bull trout and 
spawning was observed in the South Fork Umatilla in the early 1990s 
(Germond et al. 1996).
(ii) Walla Walla CHSU
    Approximately 351.6 km (218.5 mi) of stream has been proposed as 
critical habitat to support the three bull trout local populations in 
the Walla Walla basin. Landownership within the CHSU is approximately 
28 percent Federal, 69 percent private, and 3 percent State. The stream 
segments that make up the Walla Walla CHSU are described below.
    (A) The Walla Walla River from its confluence with Mill Creek 
upstream 27.3 km ( 17.0 mi) to the confluence with the North and South 
Forks of the Walla Walla. Lower sections provide foraging and 
overwintering habitat, and a migratory connection to Mill Creek, and 
spawning and rearing habitat is present from above the town of Milton-
Freewater to the forks.
    (B) The North Fork Walla Walla River from its confluence with the 
South Fork upstream 29.7 km (18.4 mi) to its headwaters. This reach 
provides suitable spawning and rearing habitat, and evidence of bull 
trout spawning was observed there in 2000 (T. Bailey, ODFW, pers. 
comm., 2002).
    (C) The South Fork Walla Walla River from its confluence with the 
North Fork upstream 42.7 km (26.5 mi) to its headwaters and extending 
2.6 km (1.6 mi) up Skiphorton Creek, 3.6 km (2.2 mi) up Reser Creek, 
2.2 km (1.4 mi) up Husky Spring Creek, and 1.8 km (1.1 mi) up an 
unnamed tributary that forks off the South Fork Walla Walla River at 
rkm 117.9 (rmi 73.2). These stream reaches contain occupied spawning 
and rearing habitat that supports the upper Walla Walla local 
population.
    (D) Mill Creek from its confluence with the Walla Walla River 
upstream 54.7 km (32.0 mi) to its headwaters; Yellowhawk Creek from its 
confluence with Mill Creek upstream 13.6 km (8.4 mi); Garrison Creek 
from its confluence with Mill Creek upstream 15.4 km (9.6 mi); Low 
Creek from its confluence with Mill Creek upstream 3.2 km (2.0 mi); 
Paradise Creek from its confluence with Mill Creek upstream for a 
distance of 2.2 km (1.4 mi); North Fork Mill Creek from its confluence 
with Mill Creek upstream 0.8 km (0.5 mi); Deadman Creek from its 
confluence with North Fork Mill Creek upstream for a distance of 0.5 km 
(0.3 mi); Burnt Fork Creek from its confluence with North Fork Mill 
Creek upstream for a distance of 1.6 km (1.0 mi); Green Fork Creek from 
its confluence with North Fork Mill Creek upstream for a distance of 
0.8 km (0.5 mi); and Bull Creek from its confluence with North Fork 
Mill Creek upstream for a distance of 0.7 km (0.4 mi). The lower 44 km 
(27 mi) of Mill Creek, Yellowhawk Creek, and Garrison Creek provide 
foraging and overwintering habitat for adult bull trout, as well as 
providing connectivity to the Walla Walla River. Upper Mill Creek and 
the other tributaries named above are occupied spawning and rearing 
areas.
    (E) The Touchet River from its confluence with Coppei Creek at rkm 
69.2 (rmi 43.0) upstream 21.1 km (13.1 mi) to the confluence with the 
North and South Forks of the Touchet. This reach provides foraging and 
overwintering habitat for fluvial bull trout that spawn upstream.
    (F) North Fork Touchet River from its confluence with the South 
Fork upstream 31.7 km (19.7 mi) to its headwaters; Wolf Fork Touchet 
River from its confluence with the North Fork Touchet River upstream 
25.3 km (15.7 mi) and extending up into Robinson Creek for a distance 
of 17.3 km (10.7 mi); Lewis Creek from its confluence with the North 
Fork Touchet River upstream 7.9 km (4.9 mi); and Spangler Creek from 
its confluence with the North Fork Touchet River upstream 6.6 km (4.1 
mi). The lower 6 km (3.7 mi) of the North Fork, the lower 12 km (7.5 
mi) of the Wolf Fork, and Robinson Creek are utilized by bull trout for 
foraging and overwintering; they also provide connectivity to the South 
Fork. The North Fork above its confluence with the Wolf Fork, and 
portions of the Wolf Fork above Whitney Creek are documented spawning 
and rearing areas. Lewis and Spangler creeks also contain occupied 
spawning and rearing habitat.
    (G) South Fork Touchet River from its confluence with the North 
Fork upstream 24.6 km (15.3 mi) to its headwaters; Griffin Fork from 
its confluence with the South Fork Touchet River upstream 6.2 km (3.9 
mi) and including 3.2 km (2.0 mi) of an unnamed tributary that enters 
Griffin Fork from the north; and Burnt Fork from its confluence with 
the South Fork Touchet River upstream 4.3 km (2.7 mi). Bull trout are 
known to spawn in Griffin Fork and Burnt Fork and utilize the South 
Fork for foraging and overwintering habitat as well as passage to the 
North Fork Touchet River.


(14) Unit 10: Grande Ronde River Basin


    The Grande Ronde Unit extends across Union, Wallowa, and Umatilla 
counties in northeastern Oregon, and Asotin, Columbia, and Garfield 
counties in southeastern Washington. Approximately 1,030 km (640 mi) of 
stream in the Grande Ronde River basin is proposed for critical habitat 
designation. The unit includes the Grande Ronde River from its 
headwaters to the confluence with the Snake River and a number of its 
tributaries, the largest being the Wallowa River. Five bull trout local 
populations are associated with streams that branch directly off the 
Grande Ronde River, and three local populations are associated with 
streams flowing into the Wallowa River. One local population in the 
upper Little Minam River is isolated by a barrier falls and is not 
connected to either of the main rivers. The Draft Recovery Plan (USFWS 
2002) identifies all nine existing local populations as necessary for 
recovery, and our proposed critical habitat reflects that need. 
Approximately 52 percent of the stream miles in the Grande Ronde Unit 
are on Federal lands, less than 1 percent are on State lands, and 48 
percent are on private lands. Of the 537 km (334 mi) of stream proposed 
for designation on Federal lands, 44 percent are within designated 
wilderness areas. The stream segments that make up the Grande Ronde 
Unit are described below.
    (i) The Grande Ronde River extending from its confluence with the 
Snake River upstream 265 km (165 mi) to Meadow Brook Creek provides key 
foraging, rearing, and overwintering habitat for sub-adult and adult 
fluvial bull trout and is an important migratory corridor. It is the 
primary artery that supports and links eight local populations in the 
Grande Ronde River and Wallowa River basins (Baxter 2002; P. Boehne, 
USFS, pers. comm., 2002). The Upper Grande Ronde River from the 
junction with Meadow Brook Creek upstream 19.3 km (12.0 mi) is utilized 
for spawning and rearing.
    (ii) The Wenaha River from its confluence with the Grande Ronde 
River upstream 34.8 km (21.6 mi) to the junction of the North Fork and 
South Fork Wenaha River; Crooked Creek from its confluence with the 
Wenaha River upstream 12.4 km (7.7 mi) to the confluence with Third 
Creek, extending up First Creek 2.1 km (1.3 mi) to the confluence with 
Willow Creek, and up Third Creek 5.3 km (3.3 mi) to the


[[Page 71267]]


confluence with Trout Creek; Butte Creek from its confluence with the 
Wenaha River upstream 11.3 km (7.0 mi) to the confluence with East Fork 
and West Fork Butte Creek; West Fork Butte Creek form its mouth 
upstream 4.8 km (3 mi) to the confluence with Rainbow Creek; Beaver 
Creek from its confluence with the Wenaha River upstream 2.5 km (1.5 
mi); the North Fork Wenaha River from its junction with the Wenaha 
River upstream 18.2 km (11.3 mi); South Fork Wenaha River from its 
junction with the Wenaha River upstream 13.0 km (8.1 mi); and Milk 
Creek from its mouth at the South Fork Wenaha River upstream 5.2 km 
(3.2 mi). Collectively, these stream segments support the Wenaha River 
local population, which is the largest bull trout population in the 
Grande Ronde basin. The lower 16 km (10 mi) of the Wenaha River 
provides FMO habitat for fluvial bull trout as well as a migratory 
connection to the Grande Ronde River. Spawning and rearing has been 
documented in the upper Wenaha and all of the identified tributary 
streams (Buchanan et al. 1997; ODFW, unpublished 2000; Baxter 2002; B. 
Knox, ODFW, pers. comm., 2002).
    (iii) Lookingglass Creek from its confluence with the Grande Ronde 
River upstream 24.1 km (15.0 mi) to a barrier falls and extending up 
Little Lookingglass Creek to the confluence with Buzzard Creek (9.3 km 
(5.8 mi)), up Mottet Creek for 5.7 km (3.6 mi), and up Summer Creek for 
0.6 km (0.3 mi). The Lookingglass Creek system supports a local 
population and bull trout spawn and rear throughout the identified 
stream reaches (J. Zakel, ODFW, pers. comm., 2001; D. Groat, USFS, 
pers. comm., 2002). Lower portions of Lookingglass Creek also provide 
probable foraging habitat for fluvial fish and a migratory connection 
to the Grande Ronde River (T. Walters, ODFW, pers. comm., 2002).
    (iv) Indian Creek from its confluence with the Grande Ronde River 
upstream for a distance of 32.6 km (20.3 mi) and extending up two 
tributary streams: Camp Creek for a distance of 1.2 km (0.7 mi), and 
East Fork Indian Creek for a distance of 3.1 km (1.9 mi). Indian Creek 
currently supports a bull trout local population, with spawning and 
rearing occurring in the upper 15.1 km (9.4 mi) portion of Indian Creek 
and the identified reaches of Camp Creek and East Fork Indian Creek 
(Buchanan et al. 1997; ODFW, unpublished 2000). The lower section of 
Indian Creek potentially provides foraging and overwintering habitat 
for fluvial bull trout as well as a migratory connection to the Grande 
Ronde River. Bull trout occupancy has not been documented in lower 
Indian Creek below the National Forest boundary (the lower 17.5 km 
(10.9 mi); Draft Recovery Plan (USFWS 2002) guidance for this area is 
to restore riparian zones associated with bull trout habitat below the 
National Forest boundary to facilitate expansion and stabilization of 
this bull trout local population, which is essential for the long-term 
conservation of the species (USFWS 2002).
    (v) Catherine Creek from the confluence with the Grande Ronde River 
upstream for a distance of 81.6 km (50.7 mi) to the junction of North 
Fork and South Fork Catherine Creek; North Fork Catherine Creek from 
its mouth at Catherine Creek upstream a distance of 13.8 km (8.6 mi); 
Middle Fork Catherine Creek form its junction with North Fork Catherine 
Creek upstream 4.3 km (2.7 mi) to the confluence with Squaw Creek; 
South Fork Catherine Creek from its junction with Catherine Creek 
upstream 12.3 km (7.7 mi); Pole Creek from its mouth at South Fork 
Catherine Creek upstream 5.1 km (3.2 mi) to its headwaters; Sand Pass 
Creek from its mouth at South Fork Catherine Creek upstream 4.4 km (2.8 
mi) to its headwaters; and Collins Creek from its junction with South 
Fork Catherine Creek upstream 3 km (1.9 mi) to its headwaters. 
Catherine Creek currently supports a bull trout local population, with 
spawning and rearing occurring in each of the identified tributary 
streams and the upper 24.7 km (15.3 mi) of Catherine Creek (Buchanan et 
al. 1997; ODFW, unpublished 2000; P. Boehne, pers. comm. , 2002; J. 
Zakel, pers. comm., 2002). The lower portion of Catherine Creek is 
utilized as FMO habitat; bull trout have been observed throughout the 
mainstem and migratory fluvial fish are present (Buchanan et al. 1997; 
ODFW, unpublished 2000; USFWS 2002).
    (vi) Five Points Creek from its confluence with the Grande Ronde 
River upstream for 21.7 km (13.5 mi) and extending up Middle Fork Five 
Points Creek for 2.6 km (1.6 mi); Tie Creek from its confluence with 
Middle Fork Five Points Creek upstream 0.8 km (0.5 mi); Fiddlers Hell 
Creek from its junction with Middle Fork Five Points Creek upstream 
(0.8 mi); Mount Emily Creek from its junction with Middle Fork Five 
Points Creek upstream 2.1 km (1.3 mi); Fly Creek from its confluence 
with the Grande Ronde River upstream 13.4 km (8.3 mi) to Lookout Creek; 
Lookout Creek from its mouth upstream 8.5 km (5.3 mi); Sheep Creek from 
its confluence with the Grande Ronde River upstream 17.1 km (10.6 mi); 
East Fork Sheep Creek from its mouth upstream 7.4 km (4.6 mi); Chicken 
Creek from its confluence with Sheep Creek upstream 8.5 km (5.3 mi); 
Indiana Creek from its mouth at Chicken Creek upstream 3.4 km (2.1 mi); 
Limber Jim Creek from its confluence with the Grande Ronde River 
upstream 13.0 km (8.1 mi); Marion Creek form its junction with Limber 
Jim Creek upstream 3.4 km (2.1 mi); Clear Creek from its confluence 
with the Grande Ronde River upstream 11.5 km (7.1 mi); and an unnamed 
tributary which branches off Clear Creek at rkm 6.3 (rmi 3.9) upstream 
approximately 7.0 km (4.4 mi). The Grande Ronde River above Meadow 
Brook Creek is utilized for spawning and rearing. The lower portion of 
Five Points Creek provides FMO habitat. Upper sections of Five Points 
Creek and the identified tributary streams provide high quality 
spawning and rearing habitat (P. Boehne, pers. comm., 2002; J. Zakel, 
pers. comm., 2002) and are identified in the Draft Recovery Plan (USFWS 
2002) as areas essential to the long-term conservation of the species. 
Fly Creek provides FMO habitat for bull trout which spawn and rear in 
Lookout Creek (P. Boehne, pers. comm., 2002; J. Zakel, pers. comm., 
2002). Bull trout have been observed in Lookout Creek up to 
approximately 0.6 km (1 mi) above USFS Road 5160 (P. Boehne, pers. 
comm., 2002). Lower portions of Sheep Creek provide needed FMO habitat 
for fluvial bull trout that spawn and rear in its upper end and its 
identified tributaries (P. Boehne, pers. comm., 2002; J. Zakel, pers. 
comm., 2002). The lower portion of Limber Jim Creek provides FMO 
habitat up to a potentially impassable falls, and occupied spawning and 
rearing habitat occurs above the falls and in Marion Creek (ODFW, 
unpublished 2000; P. Boehne, pers. comm., 2002; J. Zakel, pers. comm., 
2002). The lower portion of Clear Creek provides FMO habitat and 
spawning and rearing occurs in the upper portion and in the unnamed 
tributary (P. Boehne, pers. comm., 2002).
    (vii) The Wallowa River from the confluence with the Grande Ronde 
River upstream for 66.6 km (41.4 mi) to the confluence of Hurricane 
Creek provides FMO habitat for sub-adult and adult fluvial bull trout, 
and is an essential migratory corridor for movement from upper 
watershed spawning streams to the Grande Ronde River. Fluvial fish that 
spawn in the Lostine, Deer, Minam, Bear, and upper Hurricane Rivers 
utilize the Wallowa River to move to and from foraging and 
overwintering habitat in the Grande Ronde and Snake Rivers (USFWS 
2002).


[[Page 71268]]


    (viii) Minam River from the confluence with the Wallowa River 
upstream 72.9 km (35.3 mi) and extending up the North Minam River for a 
distance of 2.1 km (1.3 mi), up Elk Creek for 2.6 km (1.6 mi), and up 
East Fork Elk Creek for 0.5 km (0.3 mi). The Minam River currently 
supports a bull trout local population with spawning and rearing 
occurring in each of the identified tributary streams and the upper 54 
km (33 mi) of the Minam River (Buchanan et al. 1997; ODFW, unpublished 
2000). Lower sections of the Minam River are utilized as FMO habitat; 
bull trout have been observed throughout the mainstem and migratory 
fluvial fish are present (P. Sankovich, ODFW, pers. comm., 2002).
    (ix) Little Minam River from its confluence with the Minam River 
upstream 23.8 km (14.7 mi) and extending up Boulder Creek for 0.7 km 
(0.4 mi) and up Dobbin Creek for a distance of 5.1 km (3 mi) (P. 
Sankovich, ODFW, pers. comm., 6/11/02). A barrier falls occurs at 
approximately rkm 8.0 (rmi 5.0) of the Little Minam River, effectively 
preventing upstream movement of fish beyond that point. An isolated, 
resident bull trout local population exists above the barrier falls in 
portions of the Little Minam River, Boulder Creek, and Dobbin Creek 
(Buchanan et al. 1997). This resident population does not experience 
immigration of bull trout from other areas. The 8.0 km (5.0 mi) stretch 
of the Little Minam River below the barrier falls is proposed for 
designation because of the presence of bull trout in this reach, high 
water quality, and the potential importance that emigrants from the 
Little Minam local population area may provide to other downstream 
populations (P. Sankovich, ODFW, pers. comm., 6/11/02; USFWS 2002). All 
of the Little Minam River and its tributaries are within the Eagle Cap 
Wilderness Area.
    (x) Deer Creek from the confluence with the Wallowa River upstream 
25.8 km (16 mi) and extending up the tributary Sage Creek for a 
distance of 2.7 km (1.7 mi). Bull trout currently spawn in the upper 11 
km (6.9 mi) of Deer Creek and have been observed at the mouth of Sage 
Creek (B. Knox, pers. comm., 2002). Sage Creek above the mouth is not 
known to be occupied, however, it is identified in the Draft Recovery 
Plan (USFWS 2002) as an area that may be essential to the long-term 
conservation of the species. Lower Deer Creek is FMO habitat; bull 
trout have been observed throughout the mainstem and fluvial fish are 
present. Deer Creek bull trout are considered to be part of the Minam 
River local population (USFWS 2002).
    (xi) Bear Creek from its confluence with the Wallowa River upstream 
33.6 km (20.9 mi) and extending up Little Bear Creek for a distance of 
10.8 km (6.8 mi) and up Goat Creek for 1.7 km (1.1 mi). Bull trout 
spawn and rear in upper portions of Bear Creek, Little Bear Creek, and 
the identified reach of Goat Creek (B. Knox, pers. comm., 2002). 
Foraging and overwintering habitat is present in lower portions of Bear 
Creek and Little Bear Creek and fluvial bull trout have been observed 
in these reaches (USFWS 2002). Bull trout in the Bear Creek system are 
considered to be part of the Lostine River local population, so 
movement between these two drainages, via the Wallowa River, may be 
important to population viability. The lower portions of both Bear 
Creek and Little Bear Creek are essential to the long-term conservation 
of the species.
    (xii) The Lostine River from its confluence with the Wallowa River 
upstream for 40.2 km (24.9 mi) to the mouth of the East Lostine River, 
and extending up Silver Creek 0.5 km (0.3 mi) to Hunter Falls and up 
Lake Creek for a distance of 1.2 km (0.7 mi). Bull trout spawn and rear 
in upper portions of the Lostine River, primarily upstream of Silver 
Creek, and in both Silver Creek and Lake Creek (Buchanan et al. 1997; 
B. Knox, pers. comm., 2002). The Lostine River downstream of Silver 
Creek is utilized as FMO habitat; fluvial bull trout have been observed 
in the lower Lostine River and are believed to travel down into the 
Wallowa and Grande Ronde Rivers, and potentially all the way down to 
the Snake River (P. Sankovich, ODFW, pers. comm. in USFWS 2002).
    (xiii) Hurricane Creek from its confluence with the Wallowa River 
upstream 20.1 km (12.5 mi) to Slick Rock Creek. Hurricane Creek 
supports a distinct local population; bull trout spawn and rear in the 
upper 8 km (5 mi) of the identified reach and utilize the lower portion 
as FMO habitat (P. Sankovich, ODFW, pers. comm. in USFWS 2002).


(15) Unit 11: Imnaha/Snake River Basins


    The Imnaha/Snake Unit extends across Wallowa, Baker, and Union 
counties in northeastern Oregon and Adams and Idaho counties in western 
Idaho. The unit contains approximately 306 km (190 mi) of proposed 
critical habitat and consists of two CHSUs: The Imnaha River basin and 
the Snake River basin from the Imnaha confluence upstream to Hells 
Canyon Dam. Seven bull trout local populations are identified in this 
unit, two in the Snake River CHSU (Sheep Creek and Granite Creek), and 
five in the Imnaha River CHSU: (1) Mainstem Imnaha; (2) Big Sheep Creek 
above the Wallowa Valley Irrigation Canal (WVIC); (3) Big Sheep Creek 
below the WVIC; (4) Little Sheep Creek; and (5) McCully Creek. The 
Draft Recovery Plan (USFWS 2002) identifies all seven existing local 
populations as necessary for recovery, and our proposed critical 
habitat reflects that need. Approximately 49 percent of the unit is 
located on private land and 51 percent is on Federal land.
(i) Snake River CHSU
    (A) Sheep Creek from its confluence with the Snake River at rkm 
370.0 (rmi 292.2) upstream 9.5 km (5.0 mi) to the confluence of the 
West and East forks of Sheep Creek. Fluvial bull trout are known to 
occur in this stream reach (Idaho Department of Environmental Quality 
1998).
    (B) Granite Creek from its confluence with the Snake River at rkm 
386.6 (rmi 240.1) upstream approximately 10.9 km (6.8 mi) provides FMO 
habitat (Idaho Department of Environmental Quality 1998).
(ii) Imnaha River CHSU
    (A) The Imnaha River from its confluence with the Snake River at 
rkm 309 (rmi 191.9) upstream approximately 115.3 km (71.6 mi) to the 
confluence of the North Fork Imnaha and South Fork Imnaha Rivers. Bull 
trout occur year-round upstream of approximately rkm 64.5 (rmi 40). In 
fall, winter, and spring fluvial bull trout utilize the Imnaha River 
below this approximate location for feeding, migration, and 
overwintering (Buchanan et al. 1997). The North Fork Imnaha River from 
the confluence of the North Fork and South Fork Imnaha upstream 
approximately 9.7 km (6 mi). This reach is used for spawning and 
rearing by resident bull trout. The Middle Fork Imnaha from the 
confluence of the Middle Fork with the North Fork upstream 
approximately 1.3 km (0.8 mi) to a barrier falls provides spawning and 
rearing habitat for resident bull trout. The South Fork Imnaha River 
from the confluence of the South Fork with the North Fork upstream 
approximately 9.2 km (5.7 mi). This reach is used for spawning and 
rearing by resident bull trout. Soldier Creek from the confluence with 
the South Fork Imnaha upstream approximately 0.4 km (0.3 mi). This 
reach is utilized for spawning, rearing, and foraging (Buchanan et al. 
1997). Bear Creek from the confluence with the South Fork Imnaha 
upstream


[[Page 71269]]


approximately 0.4 km (0.3 mi). This reach is utilized for spawning, 
rearing, and foraging (Buchanan et al. 1997). Blue Creek from the 
confluence with the South Fork Imnaha upstream approximately 0.4 km 
(0.3 mi). This reach is utilized for spawning, rearing, and foraging 
(Buchanan et al. 1997). Cliff Creek from the confluence with the South 
Fork Imnaha upstream to the headwaters approximately 6.7 km (4.2 mi). 
This reach is also utilized for spawning, rearing, and foraging 
(Buchanan et al. 1997; Sausen et al. 2001).
    (B) Big Sheep Creek from the confluence with the Imnaha River 
upstream approximately 62 km (38.4 mi) to the confluence with North 
Fork Big Sheep Creek and Middle Fork Big Sheep Creek; and Middle Fork 
big Sheep Creek form the confluence with Big Sheep Creek upstream 3.5 
km (2.2 mi) to the headwaters near Bonny Lakes. Bull trout occur year-
round from Owl Creek at approximately rkm 46.1 (rmi 28.6) and upstream. 
In fall, winter, and spring fluvial bull trout are present below this 
approximate location utilizing FMO habitat down to the confluence with 
the Imnaha River (Buchanan et al. 1997). Lick Creek from the confluence 
with Big Sheep Creek upstream approximately 15.1 km (9.4 mi) to the 
headwaters. This reach provides spawning, rearing, and foraging habitat 
(Buchanan et al. 1997; Sausen et al. 2001). Salt Creek from the 
confluence with Big Sheep Creek upstream approximately 1.9 km (1.2 mi) 
to the point where the stream goes sub-surface (downslope from the 
WVIC), and then continuing approximately 0.5 km (0.3 mi) above the 
intersection with the WVIC. These reaches provide spawning, rearing, 
and foraging habitat (Buchanan et al. 1997; Sausen et al. 2001).
    (C) Little Sheep Creek from the confluence with Big Sheep Creek 
upstream approximately 41.7 km (25.9 mi) to where Little Sheep Creek is 
intercepted by the WVIC, and extending upstream from the WVIC 
approximately 0.9 km (0.6 mi). The reach of Little Sheep Creek below 
the WVIC is used as FMO habitat by fluvial bull trout during fall, 
winter, and spring. Spawning, rearing, and foraging occur upstream of 
the WVIC (Buchanan et al. 1997). Redmont Creek upstream 1.8 km (1.1 mi) 
from the confluence with Little Sheep Creek to approximately 0.5 km 
(0.3 mi) above the WVIC. These reaches are used for spawning, rearing, 
and foraging (Buchanan et al. 1997). Cabin Creek from the confluence 
with Little Sheep Creek upstream 0.4 km (0.25 mi). This reach is used 
for spawning and/or rearing (Buchanan et al. 1997).
    (D) McCully Creek upstream from the WVIC approximately 10.8 km (6.7 
mi) to the headwaters. This reach is used as spawning and rearing 
habitat (Buchanan et al. 1997).


(16) Unit 12: Hells Canyon Complex


    The Hells Canyon Complex Unit encompasses basins in Idaho and 
Oregon draining into the Snake River and its associated reservoirs, 
from Hells Canyon Dam upstream to the confluence of the Weiser River. 
It includes the Indian Creek and Wildhorse River basins in west-central 
Idaho and the Pine Creek, Powder River, and Burnt River basins in 
northeastern Oregon.
    The Hells Canyon Complex unit includes a total of approximately 
1,000 km (621 mi) of stream proposed as critical habitat and contains 
two CHSUs: the Pine-Indian-Wildhorse CHSU and the Powder River CHSU. 
The Pine-Indian-Wildhorse CHSU is located within Adams and Washington 
counties in western Idaho, and Baker and Wallowa counties in 
northeastern Oregon. A total of 390 km (242 mi) of streams within this 
CHSU are proposed for critical habitat designation. This CHSU contains 
seven known local populations of bull trout and two potential local 
populations. Approximate percentages of landownership associated with 
the streams proposed for designation are 65 percent Federal, 35 percent 
private, and less than 1 percent State of Idaho. The Powder River CHSU 
is located within Baker, Union, and Wallowa counties in northeastern 
Oregon. A total of approximately 610 km (379 mi) of streams within the 
Powder River CHSU are proposed for critical habitat designation. This 
CHSU contains 10 known local populations of bull trout and one 
potential local population. Approximate percentages of landownership 
associated with the streams proposed for designation are 64 percent 
private, 36 percent Federal, and less than 1 percent State of Oregon. 
The stream segments that make up the Hells Canyon Complex Unit are 
described below.
(i) Pine-Indian-Wildhorse CHSU
    (A) Pine Creek from the confluence with the west bank of Hells 
Canyon Reservoir on the Snake River (rkm 434 (rmi 269.5)) upstream 
approximately 52.7 km (32.7 mi) to the joint confluence of West Fork 
Pine Creek and Middle Fork Pine Creek. Pine Creek provides FMO habitat 
in the lower reaches, as well as spawning and rearing habitat in the 
headwaters. North Pine Creek from the confluence with Pine Creek 
upstream approximately 22.3 km (13.8 mi) to the Baker and Wallowa 
counties boundary. North Pine Creek is currently occupied FMO habitat 
from the confluence with Pine Creek upstream to the confluence with Elk 
Creek. East Fork Pine Creek from the confluence with Pine Creek 
upstream approximately 7.2 km (4.5 mi) to the perennial headwaters. 
West Fork Pine Creek from the confluence with Pine Creek upstream 
approximately 3.8 km (2.4 mi) to the perennial headwaters. Middle Fork 
Pine Creek from the confluence with Pine Creek upstream approximately 
3.7 km (2.3 mi) to the perennial headwaters. These creeks are essential 
for maintaining the upper Pine Creek local population, maintaining 
connectivity among all local populations within the Pine Creek Basin, 
and also maintaining connectivity to Hells Canyon Reservoir on the 
Snake River (USFWS 2002). The upper reach of North Pine Creek is also 
FMO habitat to provide connectivity essential to the long-term 
conservation of bull trout. (USFWS 2002).
    (B) Elk Creek from the confluence with North Pine Creek upstream 
approximately 15.2 km (9.4 mi) to the perennial headwaters. Elk Creek 
provides spawning and rearing habitat for the Elk Creek local 
population, as well as FMO habitat for migratory bull trout from Hells 
Canyon Reservoir and the Indian Creek (Idaho) local population. Little 
Elk Creek from the confluence with North Pine Creek upstream 
approximately 9.9 km (6.2 mi) to the perennial headwaters. Fall Creek 
from the confluence with North Pine Creek upstream approximately 7.1 km 
(4.4 mi) to the perennial headwaters. These tributaries provide 
spawning, rearing, and/or foraging habitat for expansion of existing 
(Elk Creek) and potential (Lake Fork and Duck Creek) local populations 
associated with North Pine Creek. Habitat for expansion of distribution 
within existing local populations and establishment of potential local 
populations is essential for the long-term conservation of bull trout 
(USFWS 2002). Aspen Creek from the confluence with Elk Creek upstream 
approximately 2.5 km (1.6 mi) to the perennial headwaters. Cabin Creek 
from the confluence with Elk Creek upstream approximately 2 km (1.2 mi) 
to the perennial headwaters. Big Elk Creek from the confluence with Elk 
Creek upstream approximately 3.3 km (2.1 mi) to the perennial 
headwaters. Cabin, Big Elk, and Aspen creeks provide spawning and 
rearing habitat for the Elk Creek local population.
    (C) Lake Fork Creek (also termed Lake Fork of Elk Creek or Lake 
Creek) from


[[Page 71270]]


the confluence with Elk Creek upstream approximately 16.7 km (10.4 mi) 
to the perennial headwaters. Lake Fork Creek is habitat for 
establishing a local population of bull trout that is essential for the 
long-term conservation of the species (USFWS 2002).
    (D) Duck Creek from the confluence with North Pine Creek upstream 
approximately 9.7 km (6 mi) to the perennial headwaters. Duck Creek is 
habitat for establishing a local population of bull trout essential for 
the long-term conservation of the species (USFWS 2002). Fish Creek from 
the confluence with Pine Creek upstream approximately 20.5 km (12.8 mi) 
to the perennial headwaters. This stream is historical habitat for bull 
trout and may provide spawning, rearing, and/or foraging habitat for 
expansion of existing (Elk Creek) and potential (Lake Fork and Duck 
Creek) local populations associated with North Pine Creek. Expansion of 
distribution within local populations is essential for the long-term 
conservation of bull trout.(USFWS 2002)
    (E) East Pine Creek from the confluence with Pine Creek upstream 
approximately 30.1 km (18.7 mi) to the perennial headwaters. Lower East 
Pine Creek provides FMO habitat necessary to maintain connectivity 
among local populations within the Pine Creek Basin. Spawning and 
rearing habitat for the East Pine Creek local population occurs in the 
headwaters. Okanogan Creek from the confluence with East Pine Creek 
upstream approximately 4 km (2.5 mi) to the perennial headwaters. 
Trinity Creek from the confluence with East Pine Creek upstream 
approximately 4.8 km (3 mi) to the perennial headwaters. These creeks 
are historical habitat for bull trout and provide spawning and rearing 
habitat for expansion of existing local populations. Habitat for 
expansion of distribution within local populations is essential for the 
long-term conservation of bull trout (USFWS 2002). An unnamed western 
tributary to East Pine Creek (located between Trinity Creek and East 
Fork of East Pine Creek) from the confluence with East Pine Creek 
upstream approximately 2.5 km (1.6 mi) to the perennial headwaters. 
East Fork of East Pine Creek from the confluence with East Pine Creek 
upstream approximately 2.5 km (1.6 mi) to the perennial headwaters. The 
unnamed tributary and the East Fork of East Pine Creek provide spawning 
and rearing habitat for the East Pine Creek local population.
    (F) Clear Creek from the confluence with Pine Creek upstream 
approximately 26.1 km (16.2 mi) to the perennial headwaters. Meadow 
Creek from the confluence with Clear Creek upstream approximately 5.3 
km (3.3 mi) to the perennial headwaters. Trail Creek from the 
confluence with Clear Creek upstream approximately 6.8 km (4.2 mi) to 
the perennial headwaters. These creeks provide spawning and rearing 
habitat for the Clear Creek local population. Lower Clear Creek also 
provides FMO habitat necessary to maintain connectivity among local 
populations within the Pine Creek Basin.
    (G) Indian Creek from the confluence with the east bank of the 
Snake River within the Oxbow Bypass (rkm 436.0 (rmi 270.8)) upstream 
approximately 29.6 km (18.4 mi) to the perennial headwaters. Camp Creek 
from the confluence with Indian Creek upstream approximately 3.7 km 
(2.3 mi) to the perennial headwaters. Indian Creek supports both 
resident and migratory bull trout. Lower Indian Creek provides FMO 
habitat to maintain connectivity with Hells Canyon Reservoir; spawning 
and rearing habitat is present in the headwaters of Indian Creek and 
Camp Creek for the Indian Creek (Idaho) local population.
    (H) Bear Creek from the confluence with the Crooked River at the 
head of the Wildhorse River upstream approximately 30 km (18.6 mi) to 
the perennial headwaters. Bear Creek provides spawning and rearing 
habitat for the Bear Creek local population, one of only two local 
populations of bull trout in the Wildhorse River Basin. Lick Creek from 
the confluence with Bear Creek upstream approximately 21.8 km (13.6 mi) 
to the perennial headwaters. Current occupancy is unknown, but Lick 
Creek provides habitat for expansion of distribution of the Bear Creek 
local population; such expansion is essential for the long-term 
conservation of the species (USFWS 2002). Wildhorse River from the 
confluence with the east bank of Oxbow Reservoir on the Snake River 
(rkm 455 (rmi 282.6)) upstream approximately 22.4 km (13.9 mi) to the 
joint confluence of Bear Creek and the Crooked River. The extent of 
current occupancy is unknown, but bull trout have recently used the 
Wildhorse River as migratory habitat. The Wildhorse River provides FMO 
habitat and connectivity between two local populations (Bear Creek and 
Crooked River), which is essential to the long-term conservation of the 
species (USFWS 2002).
    (I) Crooked River from the confluence with Bear Creek at the head 
of the Wildhorse River upstream approximately 23.7 km (14.7 mi) to the 
perennial headwaters. The Crooked River is habitat for one of only two 
local populations of bull trout in the Wildhorse River Basin and is 
essential for the long-term conservation of the species.
(ii) Powder River CHSU
    (A) The Powder River from confluence with the west bank of Brownlee 
Reservoir on the Snake River upstream approximately 235 km (146 mi) to 
the joint confluence of the McCully Fork and Cracker Creek. There are 
historical (1960s) observations of bull trout in the Powder River 
downstream of Baker City, Oregon, and upstream of Mason Dam (Buchanan 
et al. 1997) but the extent of current occupancy is unknown. Bull trout 
can utilize Phillips Reservoir above Mason Dam for FMO habitat in the 
fall, winter, and spring. The mainstem Powder River will provide FMO 
habitat when two-way fish passage at Thief Valley and Mason dams is 
restored, and habitat for connectivity among local populations in the 
upper Powder and North Powder rivers and Eagle Creek is essential for 
the long-term conservation of the species (USFWS 2002).
    (B) Eagle Creek from the confluence with the Powder River Arm of 
Brownlee Reservoir on the Snake River upstream approximately 61 km 
(37.9 mi) to the perennial headwaters. East Fork Eagle Creek from the 
confluence with Eagle Creek upstream approximately 24.2 km (15 mi) to 
the perennial headwaters. West Eagle Creek from the confluence with 
Eagle Creek upstream approximately 15.1 km (9.4 mi) to the perennial 
headwaters. These creeks are historical habitat for bull trout, but the 
extent of current occupancy is unknown. Reestablishing a local 
population in the Eagle Creek watershed is essential for the 
conservation of bull trout (USFWS 2002).
    (C) Wolf Creek from the confluence with the Powder River upstream 
approximately 31.6 km (19.6 mi) to the perennial headwaters. Wolf Creek 
provides spawning and rearing habitat for the Wolf Creek local 
population. When two-way fish passage at Wolf Creek Dam is restored, 
lower Wolf Creek will provide FMO habitat and connectivity with other 
local populations in the Powder River Basin, and habitat for such 
connectivity is essential for the conservation of bull trout (USFWS 
2002).
    (D) North Powder River from the confluence with the Powder River 
upstream approximately 75.0 km (46.6 mi) to the perennial headwaters. 
The North Powder River provides spawning and rearing habitat for the 
North Powder River local population. The lower North Powder River 
downstream of the


[[Page 71271]]


confluence with Anthony Creek likely provides FMO habitat and is 
essential for connectivity among local populations in the Powder River 
Basin (USFWS 2002).
    (E) Anthony Creek from the confluence with the North Powder River 
upstream approximately 25.8 km (16 mi) to a barrier waterfall located 
approximately 10 km (6.2 mi) upstream from the confluence with Indian 
Creek (Oregon). Anthony Creek provides spawning and/or rearing habitat 
for the Anthony Creek local population, identified as essential for 
recovery (USFWS 2002). North Fork Anthony Creek from the confluence 
with Anthony Creek upstream approximately 8.5 km (5.3 mi) to the 
perennial headwaters. North Fork Anthony Creek provides spawning and/or 
rearing habitat for the Anthony Creek local population.
    (F) Indian Creek from the confluence with Anthony Creek upstream 
approximately 8.4 km (5.2 mi) to the perennial headwaters. Indian Creek 
provides rearing habitat for the Indian Creek local population 
identified as essential for recovery (USFWS 2002).
    (G) Big Muddy Creek from the confluence with the Powder River 
upstream approximately 17.3 km (10.7 mi) to the perennial headwaters. 
Big Muddy Creek provides spawning and rearing habitat for the Big Muddy 
Creek local population of bull trout, which is essential for recovery 
(USFWS 2002).
    (H) Rock Creek from the confluence with the Powder River upstream 
approximately 20.2 km (12.6 mi) to the perennial headwaters. Rock Creek 
provides spawning and rearing habitat for the Rock Creek local 
population (USFWS 2002).
    (I) Salmon Creek from the confluence with the Powder River upstream 
approximately 19.6 km (2.2 mi) to the perennial headwaters. Salmon 
Creek provides spawning and rearing habitat for the essential Salmon 
Creek local population.
    (J) Pine Creek from the confluence with Salmon Creek upstream 
approximately 16.9 km (10.5 mi) to Pine Creek Dam. Pine Creek provides 
spawning and rearing habitat for the Pine Creek local population, which 
is essential for recovery (USFWS 2002).
    (K) Lake Creek from the confluence with Deer Creek upstream to the 
perennial headwaters. Lake Creek provides spawning and rearing habitat 
for the Lake Creek local population, which is essential for recovery 
(USFWS 2002). Deer Creek from the confluence with the north bank of 
Phillips Reservoir on the Powder River upstream approximately 9.2 km 
(5.7 mi) to the confluence with Lake Creek. Current occupancy is 
unknown, but Deer Creek is essential to provide FMO habitat for the 
Lake Creek local population and connectivity with other bull trout 
populations in the Powder River Basin (USFWS 2002).
    (L) Cracker Creek from the confluence with the McCully Fork at the 
head of the Powder River upstream approximately 13.6 km (8.4 mi) to the 
perennial headwaters. Cracker Creek provides connectivity for bull 
trout in two tributaries (Silver and Little Cracker creeks) within the 
upper Powder River local population, and with other local populations 
within the Powder River Basin via lower Cracker Creek. Silver Creek 
from the confluence with Cracker Creek upstream approximately 9.8 km 
(6.1 mi) to the perennial headwaters. Silver Creek provides spawning 
and rearing habitat for the upper Powder River local population. Fruit 
Creek from the confluence with Silver Creek upstream approximately 7.3 
km (4.5 mi) to the perennial headwaters. Fruit Creek is historical bull 
trout habitat, but current occupancy is unknown. Passage barriers in 
Fruit Creek are identified as recovery tasks in the Draft Recovery Plan 
(USFWS 2002), which will allow for potential natural expansion of 
distribution within the upper Powder River local population. Fruit 
Creek is also being considered as a site for transplanting bull trout 
to help provide for the long-term conservation of the species. Little 
Cracker Creek from the confluence with Cracker Creek upstream 
approximately 3.1 km (1.9 mi) to the perennial headwaters. Little 
Cracker Creek currently provides bull trout rearing habitat for the 
upper Powder River local population.


(17) Unit 13: Malheur River Basin


    The Malheur Unit is in the Malheur River Basin in eastern Oregon in 
Grant, Baker, Harney, and Malheur counties. A total of 389 km (241 mi) 
of streams and two reservoirs are proposed for critical habitat. 
Landownership along the waterways proposed for critical habitat are 
approximately 63 percent Federal land, 3 percent State land, and 34 
percent private land. There are two local bull trout populations (upper 
Malheur (a) and North Fork Malheur (b)), and four potential local 
populations (Bosonberg Creek, McCoy Creek, Corral Basin Creek, and the 
Little Malheur River) that are identified as essential to recovery in 
the Draft Recovery Plan (USFWS 2002).
    (i) Malheur River upstream 95.6 km (59.4 mi) from Warm Springs Dam, 
including Warm Springs Reservoir (1,658 ha; 4,098 ac), to the 
confluence with Big Creek at rkm 229 in Logan Valley provides FMO 
habitat for bull trout which migrate downstream from spawning and 
rearing habitat in the Logan Valley area (USFWS 2002).
    (ii) The North Fork Malheur River from Agency Valley Dam upstream 
36.5 km (22.7 mi) to the headwaters, including Beulah Reservoir (712 
ha; 1,759 ac), provides FMO habitat below rkm 69 and spawning and 
rearing habitat above that point (Burns Paiute Tribe 1998-2000). Sheep 
Creek from the confluence with North Fork Malheur River at rkm 83.2 
upstream 6.7 km (4.2 mi) to its source provides spawning and rearing 
habitat (Buchanan et al. 1997; Perkins, unpublished 1996-2001; Burns 
Paiute Tribe 1998-2000). Cow Creek from the confluence with North Fork 
Malheur River upstream 5.7 km (3.5 mi) to its source provides rearing 
habitat. Swamp Creek from the confluence with North Fork Malheur River 
at rkm 84.4 upstream 8.1 km (5.0 mi) to its source contains spawning 
and rearing habitat (Buchanan et al. 1997; Perkins, unpublished 1996-
2001; Burns Paiute Tribe 1998-2000). Flat Creek from its confluence 
with North Fork Malheur River at rkm 86.0 upstream to rkm 1.2 at the 
first tributary confluence provides FMO habitat (Buchanan et al. 1997). 
Horseshoe Creek from the confluence with the North Fork Malheur River 
at rkm 88.4 upstream 4.5 km (2.8 mi) to its source contains spawning 
and rearing habitat (Buchanan et al. 1997; Perkins, unpublished 1996-
2001; Burns Paiute Tribe 1998-2000).
    (iii) The Little Malheur River from its confluence with the North 
Fork Malheur River upstream 31.2 km (19.4 mi) to Camp Creek provides 
potential FMO habitat in the lower reaches and potential spawning and 
rearing habitat in the upper reaches. Crane Creek from its confluence 
with the North Fork Malheur River at rkm 69.5 upstream 1.8 km (1.1 mi) 
to the confluence with Little Crane Creek contains suitable migratory 
and rearing habitat (Burns Paiute Tribe 1998, 1999). Little Crane Creek 
from the confluence with Crane Creek upstream 15.2 km (9.4 mi) to its 
spring fed sources provides suitable spawning and rearing habitat 
(Buchanan et al. 1997; Perkins, unpublished 1996-2001; Burns Paiute 
Tribe 1998-2000). An unnamed stream at rkm 9.6 of Little Crane Creek 
also provides suitable spawning and rearing habitat from the confluence 
upstream 2.6 km (1.6 mi) to its headwaters (A. Mauer, USFWS, pers. 
comm., 2002). Elk Creek from the confluence with the North Fork Malheur 
River at rkm 79.3 upstream 1.6 km (1.0 mi) to its confluence with the 
North Fork and South Fork Elk Creek, South Fork Elk


[[Page 71272]]


Creek from the confluence with Elk Creek upstream 5.9 km (3.7 mi) to 
its source, and North Fork Elk Creek from the confluence with Elk Creek 
upstream 7.7 km (4.8 mi) to its source provide spawning and rearing 
habitat (Buchanan et al. 1997; Perkins, unpublished 1996-2001; Burns 
Paiute Tribe 1998-2000). The Little Malheur River is essential to 
providing for the recovered distribution of bull trout (USFWS 2002).
    (iv) Summit Creek from the confluence with the Malheur River at rkm 
292.0 upstream 22.8 km (14.2 mi) to its source; Big Creek from the 
confluence with the Malheur River at rkm 299.0 upstream 19.0 km (11.8 
mi) to its source; Meadow Fork Big Creek from the confluence with Big 
Creek at rkm 9.8 upstream 6.7 km (4.2 mi) to its source; Snowshoe Creek 
from the confluence with Big Creek at rkm 11.7 upstream 3.4 km (2.1 mi) 
to its source; Lake Creek from the confluence with the Malheur River at 
rkm 299.0 upstream 20.3 km (12.6 mi) to its source; and Crooked Creek 
from the confluence with Lake Creek at rkm 1.2 upstream 13.5 km (8.4 
mi) to its source provide spawning and rearing habitat for the upper 
Malheur River local population (Buchanan et al. 1997; Perkins, 
unpublished 1996-2001; Burns Paiute Tribe 1998-2000).
    (v) McCoy Creek from the confluence with Lake Creek at rkm 4.0 
upstream 14.6 km (9.1 mi) to its source contains potential spawning and 
rearing habitat. McCoy Creek is identified as an area for range 
expansion in the Draft Recovery Plan, and is essential for the long-
term conservation of the species (USFWS 2002).
    (vi) Bosonberg Creek from the confluence with the Malheur River at 
rkm 298.0 upstream 5.8 km (3.6 mi) to its source contains potential 
habitat for bull trout. Restoration of the habitat in Bosonberg Creek 
to provide for population expansion is essential to the long-term 
conservation of the species (USFWS 2002).
    (vii) Corral Basin Creek from the confluence with Big Creek at rkm 
8.3 (rmi 5.2) upstream to its source is historic habitat necessary to 
provide for population expansion that is essential to the conservation 
of the species (USFWS 2002).


(18) Unit 14: Coeur d'Alene Lake Basin


(i) Coeur d'Alene Lake CHSU
    The Coeur d'Alene Lake CHSU lies within Kootenai, Shoshone, Benewah 
and Bonner counties, Idaho. Landownership along stream proposed as 
critical habitat for bull trout include approximately 63 percent 
Federal, 30 percent private, and 6 percent State. The stream reaches 
proposed as designated critical habitat were identified by the Coeur 
d'Alene Lake Basin Recovery Unit Team as the best of the best remaining 
suitable habitats within a matrix of habitats generally considered 
unsuitable for support of spawning and rearing bull trout (USFS, 
unpublished 1994, 1998a, 1998b). The areas proposed as critical habitat 
all presently contain multiple primary constituent elements and reflect 
habitat essential to support populations of bull trout identified as 
necessary for the long-term conservation of bull trout (USFWS 2002). In 
total, there are approximately 6,903 km (4,290 mi) of streams 
comprising 502 named streams in the Coeur d'Alene Lake basin. Of this, 
30 stream reaches or tributaries comprising 677 km (421 mi) are 
proposed as critical habitat. This equals approximately 6 percent of 
all streams and less than 10 percent of total stream length in the 
basin. Lakes comprising 12,727 ha (31,450 ac) of surface area are also 
being proposed as critical habitat.
    (A) Coeur d'Alene Lake, approximately 12,727 ha (31,450 ac) in 
size, provides FMO habitat for the almost entirely migratory (adfluvial 
and fluvial) forms present in this CHSU.
    (B) Coeur d'Alene River from the mouth upstream 59.4 km (36.9 mi) 
to the confluence of the North Fork and South Fork of the Coeur d'Alene 
River provides FMO habitat necessary for the conservation of the 
species (USFWS 2002). Any adfluvial bull trout that either currently 
exist, or those local populations of bull trout to be reestablished in 
the future in portions of the North Fork Coeur d'Alene River, would 
migrate through this section of river. North Fork Coeur d'Alene River, 
from its confluence with the South Fork Coeur d'Alene River upstream 
140.2 km (87.1 mi) to the headwaters, is FMO habitat necessary for the 
long-term conservation of the species. (Note: we found discrepancies 
between USGS, STREAMNET, and other maps for this area, and specifically 
for the designation of the North Fork Coeur d'Alene River; we relied on 
the Idaho Panhandle National Forest, Fernan and Wallace Ranger District 
maps.)
    (C) Cougar Creek from the confluence with the North Fork Coeur 
d'Alene River upstream 15.3 km (9.5 mi) provides spawning and rearing 
habitat to provide for the recovered distribution of bull trout (USFWS 
2002). This portion of Cougar Creek has been identified as a priority 
stream for restoration and recovery activities as it has been 
determined to provide habitat elements necessary for long term 
security, or have a reasonable potential to be restored and provide 
elements for long-term security of bull trout in the near future. This 
watershed maintains good populations of westslope cutthroat trout, as 
well as sculpin species, indicative of potential bull trout habitat 
(USFS 1992, 1998a; E. Lider, USFS, pers. comm., 2002).
    (D) Steamboat Creek (including the East and West Forks) from the 
confluence with the North Fork Coeur d'Alene River upstream 25.4 km 
(15.8 mi) to the headwaters provides spawning and rearing habitat 
essential for the conservation of the species. This portion of 
Steamboat Creek has been identified as a priority stream for 
restoration and recovery activities (USFWS 2002) as it has been 
determined to provide habitat elements necessary for long term security 
or have a reasonable potential to be restored and provide elements for 
long-term security of bull trout in the near future. This area 
maintains good populations of westslope cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus 
clarki), as well as sculpin (Cottus sp.) species, indicative of 
potentially suitable bull trout habitat (USFS 1992, 1998a).
    (E) Prichard Creek from the confluence with the North Fork Coeur 
d'Alene River upstream 4.7 km (2.9 mi) to the confluence with Eagle 
Creek contains FMO habitat. This reach is considered a priority water 
body for restoration and recovery activities as it is essential as a 
migratory corridor for adfluvial bull trout, and to maintain 
connectivity between all local populations within Coeur d'Alene Lake 
basin to provide for conservation of the species (USFWS 2002).
    (F) Eagle Creek from the confluence with Prichard Creek upstream 
1.6 km (1.0 mi) to the confluence with the West Fork Eagle Creek 
provides FMO habitat. This portion of Eagle Creek has been identified 
as a priority water body for restoration and recovery activities as it 
is essential as a migratory corridor for adfluvial bull trout, and to 
maintain connectivity between all local populations within Coeur 
d'Alene Lake basin (USFWS 2002). Any adfluvial bull trout that would 
utilize the West Fork Eagle Creek for spawning and rearing would have 
to migrate through this short section of Eagle Creek. West Fork Eagle 
Creek from the confluence with Eagle Creek upstream 15.0 km (9.3 mi) to 
the headwaters provides spawning and rearing habitat. This portion of 
the West Fork Eagle Creek has been identified as a priority stream for 
restoration and recovery activities as it has been determined to 
provide habitat elements necessary for long term


[[Page 71273]]


security, or have a reasonable potential to be restored and provide 
elements for long-term security of bull trout in the near future (USFWS 
2002). In order to meet the recovery criteria of reestablishing at 
least 300 spawners within the North Fork Coeur d'Alene recovery CHSU, 
previously occupied and currently suitable habitat in the West Fork of 
Eagle Creek needs to be maintained, and if possible, enhanced, to 
provide additional areas of spawning and rearing essential to the 
conservation of the species.
    (G) Tepee Creek from the confluence with the North Fork Coeur 
d'Alene River upstream 14.2 km (8.8 mi) to the confluence with Trail 
Creek contains FMO habitat. This portion of Tepee Creek, and the 
associated tributaries discussed below, have been identified as 
priority water bodies for restoration activities necessary as migratory 
corridors for adfluvial bull trout, to maintain connectivity between 
all local populations within Coeur d'Alene Lake basin, and to provide 
spawning and rearing habitat, all of which are essential to the 
conservation of the species (USFWS 2002). Tepee Creek has a variety of 
stream habitat types (size, flow, complexity) that appear to provide 
fish with diverse habitat that will allow for long term persistence 
within the watershed. Previous habitat restoration activities have 
created larger and deeper pools and runs in several reaches of this 
stream (E. Lider, USFS, pers. comm., 2002). Independence Creek from the 
confluence with Tepee Creek upstream 25.0 km (15.5 mi) to the 
headwaters provides FMO habitat in the lower reaches, and spawning and 
rearing habitat in the upper reaches. This watershed is especially 
valuable within the Coeur d'Alene River basin to provide refugia 
essential to the conservation of bull trout (USFS 1998a). Trail Creek 
from the confluence with Tepee Creek upstream 10.0 km (6.2 mi) to the 
headwaters contains spawning and rearing habitat. In order to meet the 
recovery criteria of reestablishing at least 300 spawners within the 
North Fork Coeur d'Alene CHSU essential to the conservation of the 
species, previously occupied and currently suitable habitat such as 
that in Trail Creek needs to be maintained, and if possible, enhanced 
to provide additional areas of spawning and rearing.
    (H) Buckskin Creek from the confluence with the North Fork Coeur 
d'Alene River upstream 6.9 km (4.3 mi) to the headwaters provides 
spawning and rearing habitat. This portion of Buckskin Creek has been 
identified as a priority stream for restoration and recovery activities 
as it has been determined to provide habitat elements necessary for 
long term security, or have a reasonable potential to be restored and 
provide elements for conservation of bull trout in the near future 
(USFWS 2002). Forage base for bull trout is abundant as the population 
of westslope cutthroat trout in Buckskin Creek is very healthy, and had 
some of the highest densities relative to over 70 other streams that 
were surveyed in 1994 and 1995 throughout the Coeur d'Alene River basin 
(Dunnigan 1997). Stream habitat in Buckskin Creek is very good as very 
little management has occurred within the watershed (E. Lider, USFS, 
pers. comm., 2002).
(ii) St. Joe River CHSU
    The St. Joe River CHSU includes an estimated 3,574 km (2,221 mi) of 
streams encompassing over 254 named tributaries (Streamnet 2002) in 
Shoshone, Benewah, and Latah counties, Idaho. The high elevation and 
cold water temperatures inherent to this area results in natural 
conditions that favor bull trout persistence (PBTTAT 1998c). In 
addition, the processes within the upper portion of this CHSU have been 
minimally altered by human management actions. Landownership adjacent 
to aquatic areas proposed as critical habitat for bull trout include 
approximately 52 percent Federal, 41 percent private, and 7 percent 
State lands.
    The Coeur d'Alene Lake Basin Recovery Unit Team established 
recovery criteria of reestablishing at least eight local populations in 
the St. Joe River CHSU with an average of 100 spawners annually per 
local population. The streams identified below either currently provide 
habitat elements necessary for long term security, or have a reasonable 
potential to be restored and provide elements for long-term security of 
bull trout in the near future. Proposed critical habitat reflects those 
areas necessary to support populations of bull trout identified as 
necessary to provide for the long-term conservation of bull trout in 
the Draft Recovery Plan (USFWS 2002).
    (A) The lower St. Joe River from the confluence with Coeur d'Alene 
Lake upstream 156.4 km (97.2 mi) to the confluence with Simmons Creek 
provides FMO habitat. Mainstem channel habitat conditions are essential 
to the long term viability of bull trout due to the over-wintering 
habits of these migratory fish. Adult migratory bull trout from Coeur 
d'Alene Lake travel upstream through these lower mainstem reaches in 
the spring and early summer to natal streams, where they typically 
spawn during the first few weeks of September (Idaho Department of Fish 
and Game (IDFG), unpublished 1999), and then return downstream. Upper 
St. Joe River from the confluence of Simmons Creek upstream 71.8 km 
(44.6 mi) to Rambikur Falls (just below St. Joe Lake) provides 
spawning, rearing, and FMO habitat. This portion of upper St. Joe 
River, and the associated streams described below, has been identified 
as a priority area for restoration and recovery activities (USFWS 
2002). Bull trout are currently known to spawn and rear within this 
portion of the St. Joe River basin.
    (B) Eagle Creek from the confluence with the St. Joe River upstream 
10.6 km (6.6 mi) to the headwaters provides, at a minimum, foraging 
habitat. Additionally, Eagle Creek and the associated streams described 
below have been identified as priority streams for restoration and 
recovery activities (USFWS 2002) with many of the habitat 
characteristics that are essential to the conservation of bull trout 
(USFS 1998b). Mosquito Creek from the confluence with the St. Joe River 
upstream 2.1 km (1.3 mi) to a barrier falls provides spawning and 
rearing habitat. This portion of Mosquito Creek has been identified as 
a priority stream for restoration and recovery activities and is 
essential to the conservation of bull trout (USFWS 2002). Gold Creek 
from the confluence with the St. Joe River upstream 15.4 km (9.6 mi) to 
the headwaters provides spawning and rearing habitat. Simmons Creek 
from the confluence with the St. Joe River upstream 18.7 km (11.6) mi 
to the headwaters contains spawning and rearing habitat.
    (C) Fly Creek from the confluence with the St. Joe River upstream 
9.8 km (6.1 mi) to its headwaters at Twin Lakes contains spawning and 
rearing habitat. Beaver Creek from the confluence with the St. Joe 
River upstream 10.6 km (6.6 mi) to its headwaters contains spawning and 
rearing habitat. Red Ives Creek from the confluence with the St. Joe 
River upstream 9.2 km (5.7 mi) to the headwaters provides spawning and 
rearing habitat. Adult bull trout implanted with radio transmitters 
have been tracked into Red Ives Creek, presumably to spawn. Surveys 
have documented bull trout of various age classes as well as redds in 
this stream (USFS 1993).
    (D) Timber Creek from the confluence with the St. Joe River 
upstream 8.5 km (5.3 mi) to the headwaters contains spawning and 
rearing habitat. Surveys have documented spawning and bull trout of 
various age classes in this stream. Ruby Creek from the confluence


[[Page 71274]]


with the St. Joe River upstream 6.8 km (4.2 mi) to the headwaters 
contains documented spawning and rearing habitat. Bean Creek from the 
confluence with the St. Joe River upstream 7.2 km (4.5 mi) to the 
headwaters contains documented spawning and rearing habitat.
    (E) Heller Creek from the confluence with the St. Joe River 
upstream 6.0 km (3.7 mi) to the headwaters provides documented spawning 
and rearing habitat. Sherlock Creek from the confluence with Heller 
Creek upstream 7.4 km (4.6 mi) to the headwaters provides spawning and 
rearing habitat. Yankee Bar Creek from the confluence with the St. Joe 
River upstream 3.2 km (2.0 mi) to the headwaters contains spawning and 
rearing habitat.
    (F) California Creek from the confluence with the St. Joe River 
upstream 4.7 km (2.9 mi) to the headwaters contains spawning and 
rearing habitat. Medicine Creek from the confluence with the St. Joe 
River upstream 4.7 km (2.9 mi) to the headwaters provides habitat where 
bull trout are known to spawn. Wisdom Creek from the confluence with 
the St. Joe River upstream 6.1 km (3.8 mi) to the headwaters provides 
habitat where bull trout are currently known to spawn and rear. A steep 
cascade, which was believed to form a barrier to migratory fish, occurs 
at approximately rkm 4.0 (rmi 2.2). However, during redd surveys in 
2001, multiple redds and bull trout were documented above the cascade 
(J. Dupont, IDFG, pers. comm., 2002).


(19) Unit 15: Clearwater River Basin


    The Clearwater River Unit includes 3,063 km (1,904 mi) of streams 
and 6,722 ha (16,611 ac) of lakes proposed to be designated as critical 
habitat for bull trout within the Clearwater River basin in north-
central Idaho. This large basin covers an area of approximately 
2,423,691 ha (5,989,052 ac) and extends from the Snake River confluence 
at Lewiston on the west to headwaters in the Bitterroot Mountains along 
the Idaho/Montana border on the east. This unit is divided into seven 
CHSUs. These CHSUs include: Lower/Middle Fork Clearwater River, North 
Fork Clearwater River, Fish Lake (North Fork), South Fork Clearwater 
River, Lochsa River, Fish Lake (Lochsa), and Selway River. Habitat 
areas to support all local populations within this unit are essential 
to the conservation of bull trout (USFWS 2002).
(i) Lower/Middle Fork Clearwater River CHSU
    The Lower/Middle Fork Clearwater River CHSU lies within a drainage 
basin of approximately 660,012 ha (1,630,919 ac) that includes the 
mainstem and Middle Fork of the Clearwater River, plus all watersheds 
tributary to these large channels except for the North Fork Clearwater 
above Dworshak Dam and the South Fork Clearwater, Lochsa and Selway 
drainages. Located within Idaho's Nez Perce, Latah, Lewis, Clearwater, 
and Idaho counties, the basin has a diverse mix of private (76 
percent), Federal (14 percent), State (8 percent), and Nez Perce Tribal 
(2 percent) ownership. The Lower/Middle Fork Clearwater River CHSU 
includes 293.7 km (182.6 mi) of streams proposed to be designated as 
critical habitat.
    (A) The Clearwater River from its confluence with the Snake River 
upstream 119.5 km (74.3 mi) to the confluence with the South Fork 
Clearwater River, the Middle Fork Clearwater River from the confluence 
with the South Fork upstream 36.8 km (22.9 mi) to its origin at the 
confluence of the Lochsa River and Selway River, provide FMO habitat 
(Clearwater Basin Bull Trout Technical Advisory Team (CBBTTAT) 
1998a,b). They also provide functional migratory corridors that may 
allow fluvial bull trout to move between local populations within and 
outside this CHSU. The North Fork Clearwater River from its confluence 
with the Clearwater River upstream 2.6 km (1.6 mi) to the base of 
Dworshak Dam provides important thermal refuge during summer.
    (B) Lolo Creek from its confluence with the Clearwater River 
upstream 72.9 km (45.3 mi) to the headwaters provides rearing and 
migratory habitat (CBBTTAT 1998a; USFS 1999a).
    (C) Clear Creek from its confluence with the Middle Fork Clearwater 
River upstream 34.7 km (21.5 mi) to the headwaters is occupied habitat 
(CBBTTAT 1998d), Middle Fork Clear Creek from its mouth upstream 10.8 
km (6.7 mi) to the headwaters, and South Fork Clear Creek from its 
mouth upstream 15.9 km (9.9 mi) to the headwaters are areas where 
occupancy is unknown. These areas are essential to maintaining the 
existing bull trout distribution, and to expand habitat as essential 
for the conservation of bull trout (USFWS 2002).
(ii) North Fork Clearwater River CHSU
    The North Fork Clearwater River CHSU lies within a drainage basin 
of approximately 632,348 ha (1,562,561 ac) that includes the entire 
North Fork Clearwater River system above Dworshak Dam, excluding the 
small portion of the Lake Creek drainage upstream of Japanese Creek. 
Located within Clearwater, Idaho, and Shoshone counties, the basin 
landownership is a mixture of Federal (67 percent), State (12 percent), 
and private (21.0 percent). The areas proposed for designation as 
critical habitat in this CHSU include a total of 918.9 km (571.1 mi) of 
streams, and the full 6,656 ha (16,441 ac) pool of Dworshak Reservoir.
    (A) Dworshak Reservoir (6,656 ha (16,441 ac)), the North Fork 
Clearwater River from the head of the reservoir upstream 164.8 km 
(102.4 mi) to Kelly Forks, Freeman Creek from the confluence with 
Dworshak Reservoir upstream 2.5 km (1.6 mi) to an unnamed tributary, 
Breakfast Creek from its confluence with Little North Fork Clearwater 
River upstream 6.1 km (3.8 mi) to the mouth of Stony Creek, and Stony 
Creek from its mouth upstream 5.9 km (3.7 mi) to the mouth of Glover 
Creek provide FMO habitat for upstream bull trout populations. 
Floodwood Creek from its confluence with Breakfast Creek upstream 21.8 
km (13.6 mi) to an unnamed tributary provides FMO habitat (D. Schiff, 
IDFG, pers. comm., 2002), and West Fork Floodwood Creek from its mouth 
upstream 6.7 km (4.2 mi) to an unnamed tributary provides rearing 
habitat (CBBTTAT 1998c).
    (B) The Little North Fork Clearwater River from Dworshak Reservoir 
upstream 72.5 km (45.1 mi) to a gradient break near the headwaters 
provides FMO and rearing habitat (CBBTTAT 1998c). Sawtooth Creek from 
its confluence with the Little North Fork Clearwater River upstream 
13.4 km (8.3 mi) to an unnamed tributary is historic habitat (USFS 
1935) and is adjacent to habitat known to be occupied, and provides 
habitat necessary for the recovered distribution of bull trout (Skille 
1991; USFWS 2002). Canyon Creek from its confluence with the Little 
North Fork Clearwater River upstream 15.5 km (9.7 mi) to an unnamed 
tributary is occupied habitat (D. Schiff, IDFG, pers. comm., 2002). 
Montana Creek from its confluence with the Little North Fork Clearwater 
River upstream 5.5 km (3.4 mi) to an unnamed tributary provides 
spawning and rearing habitat (CBBTTAT 1998c). Butte Creek from its 
confluence with the Little North Fork Clearwater River upstream 3.0 km 
(1.8 mi) to an unnamed tributary provides spawning and rearing habitat 
(D. Schiff, IDFG, pers. comm., 2002). Rutledge Creek from its 
confluence with the Little North Fork Clearwater River upstream 5.2 km 
(3.2 mi) to an unnamed tributary; Jungle Creek from its confluence with 
the Little North Fork Clearwater River upstream 4.3 km (2.7 mi) to an 
unnamed tributary; Adair Creek from its confluence with the Little 
North Fork Clearwater River upstream 4.7 km (2.9


[[Page 71275]]


mi) to a break in stream gradient; Lund Creek from its confluence with 
the Little North Fork Clearwater River upstream 4.3 km (2.7 mi) to a 
break in stream gradient; and Little Lost Lake Creek from its 
confluence with the Little North Fork Clearwater River upstream 6.1 km 
(3.8 mi) to the headwaters provide spawning and rearing habitat 
(CBBTTAT 1998c). Lost Lake Creek from the mouth upstream 5.7 km (3.6 
mi) to the headwaters is occupied (D. Schiff, IDFG pers. comm., 2002), 
but the habitat usage type is unknown. Another Butte Creek, this one a 
tributary to the North Fork Clearwater River between the confluence 
with the Little North Fork Clearwater River and the confluence with 
Isabella Creek, upstream 2.2 km (1.3 mi) from the mouth is occupied 
habitat of unknown usage (D. Weigel, U.S. Bureau of Reclamation (BOR), 
pers. comm., 2002).
    (C) Isabella Creek from its confluence with the North Fork 
Clearwater River upstream 11.6 km (7.2 mi) to the confluence with Falls 
Creek is occupied rearing habitat (Platts et al. 1993) and above that 
point fish have been found (D. Weigel, pers. comm., 2002; E. Kee, 
Clearwater National Forest, pers. comm., 2002) of an age class that 
indicate spawning and rearing is likely occurring.
    (D) Beaver Creek from its confluence with the North Fork Clearwater 
River upstream 4.2 km (2.6 mi) to Sourdough Creek is occupied habitat 
of unknown usage (D. Schiff, IDFG, pers. comm., 2002). Sneak Creek from 
its confluence with the North Fork Clearwater River upstream 0.3 km 
(0.2 mi) to a barrier falls provides spawning and rearing habitat 
(CBBTTAT 1998c).
    (E) Skull Creek from its confluence with the North Fork Clearwater 
River upstream 24.3 km (15.1 mi) to the headwaters, and Collins Creek 
from its confluence with Skull Creek upstream 16.2 km (10.0 mi) to a 
gradient break near the headwaters provide spawning and rearing habitat 
(CBBTTAT 1998c; E. Kee, pers. comm., 2002). Roaring Creek from its 
confluence with Skull Creek upstream 4.3 km (2.7 mi) to Frost Creek is 
of unknown occupancy (i.e., bull trout surveys have not been 
conducted), but appropriate habitat conditions in Skull Creek (C. 
Huntington, Clearwater BioStudies, Inc. (CBI), pers. comm., 2002) and 
the presence of rearing juvenile bull trout in nearby streams support 
its inclusion as proposed critical habitat necessary to provide 
spawning and rearing areas to support local population viability and 
genetic integrity. Frost Creek from its confluence with Roaring Creek 
upstream 2.7 km (1.7 mi) to the headwaters provides, at a minimum, 
rearing habitat (E. Kee, pers. comm., 2002).
    (F) Quartz Creek from its confluence with the North Fork Clearwater 
River upstream 19.7 km (12.2 mi) to Henry Creek provides rearing and 
migratory habitat (CBBTTAT 1998c; D. Schiff, IDFG, pers. comm., 2002).
    (G) Rock Creek from its confluence with the North Fork Clearwater 
River upstream 10.2 km (6.2 mi) to the abandoned road crossing at 
approximately rkm 10.2 (rmi 6.2), and Lightning Creek from its 
confluence with Rock Creek upstream 0.8 km (0.5 mi) to an unnamed 
tributary provide occupied habitat of unknown usage (CBBTTAT 1998c).
    (H) Four streams entering the North Fork Clearwater River between 
Rock Creek and Weitas Creek including Larson Creek from its mouth 
upstream 1.0 km (0.6 mi) to an unnamed tributary; Little Washington 
Creek from its mouth upstream 1.7 km (1.1 mi) to Swanson Creek; 
Washington Creek from its mouth upstream 2.3 km (1.4 mi) to a potential 
migration barrier; and Orogrande Creek from its mouth upstream 1.6 km 
(1.0 mi) to a potential migration barrier are likely to be at least 
seasonally occupied (CBBTTAT 1998c) and provide habitat necessary for 
the recovered distribution of bull trout (USFWS 2002).
    (I) Weitas Creek from its confluence with the North Fork Clearwater 
River upstream 43.0 km (26.7 mi) to a gradient break near the 
headwaters provides FMO habitat in the lower reaches and spawning and 
rearing habitat in the upper reaches. Johnny Creek from its confluence 
with Weitas Creek upstream 7.2 km (4.5 mi) to a barrier falls provides 
FMO habitat (D. Weigel, pers. comm., 2002) and possibly spawning and 
rearing habitat in the upper reaches (E. Kee, pers. comm., 2002). 
Middle Creek from its confluence with Weitas Creek upstream 15.5 km 
(9.7 mi) to Beaver Dam Creek, and Little Weitas Creek from its 
confluence with Weitas Creek upstream 3.8 km (2.4 mi) to Middle Ridge 
Creek are likely to be at least seasonally occupied (CBBTTAT 1998c) and 
provide habitat necessary for the recovered distribution of bull trout 
(USFWS 2002). Johnagan Creek from its confluence with Weitas Creek 
upstream 4.4 km (2.7 mi) to an unnamed tributary (E. Kee, pers. comm., 
2002), Windy Creek from its confluence with Weitas Creek upstream 13.2 
km (8.2 mi) to the headwaters (D. Weigel, pers. comm., 2002; CBI 2000), 
and Liz Creek from its confluence with Weitas Creek upstream 6.2 km 
(3.8 mi) to the headwaters (D. Weigel, pers. comm., 2002) provide 
rearing habitat. Corral Creek from its confluence with Weitas Creek 
upstream 7.1 km (4.4 mi) to the headwaters, and Fro Creek from its 
confluence with Weitas Creek upstream 1.9 km (1.2 mi) to Bald Mountain 
Lake Creek are likely to be at least seasonally occupied (P. Murphy, 
USFS, pers. comm., 2002) and provide habitat necessary for the 
recovered distribution of bull trout (USFWS 2002).
    (J) Death Creek from its confluence with the North Fork Clearwater 
River upstream 1.0 km (0.6 mi) to a break in channel gradient, Fisher 
Creek from its confluence with the North Fork Clearwater River upstream 
1.2 km (0.7 mi) to a break in channel gradient, and Trail Creek from 
its confluence with the North Fork Clearwater River upstream 1.8 km 
(1.1 mi) to an unnamed tributary are likely to be at least seasonally 
occupied (CBBTTAT 1998c), provide seasonal thermal refuge, and provide 
habitat necessary for the recovered distribution of bull trout (USFWS 
2002).
    (K) Fourth of July Creek from its confluence with the North Fork 
Clearwater River upstream 21.7 km (13.5 mi) to the headwaters is 
occupied (Platts et al. 1993) with spawning and rearing habitat in the 
upper reaches (CBBTTAT 1998c). Shot Creek from its confluence with 
Fourth of July Creek upstream 8.0 km (5.0 mi) to the headwaters, and 
Bill Creek from its confluence with Fourth of July Creek upstream 7.5 
km (4.7 mi) to the headwaters are likely to be at least seasonally 
occupied (P. Murphy, pers. comm., 2002) and provide habitat necessary 
for the recovered distribution of bull trout (USFWS 2002).
    (L) Cold Springs Creek from the confluence with the North Fork 
Clearwater River upstream to a break in channel gradient at km 4.7 (mi 
2.9), and Cool Creek from its confluence with the North Fork Clearwater 
River upstream 1.2 km (0.8 mi) to an unnamed tributary provide habitat 
necessary to support additional populations of bull trout identified as 
essential to the conservation of bull trout (USFWS 2002).
    (M) Kelly Creek. from the confluence with the North Fork Clearwater 
River upstream 41.3 km (25.6 mi) to North Fork Kelly Creek provides 
migratory habitat in the lower reaches (D. Schiff, IDFG, pers. comm., 
2002), and spawning and rearing habitat in the upper reaches (CBBTTAT 
1998c). Junction Creek from its confluence with Kelly Creek upstream to 
an unnamed tributary at km 2.7 (mi 1.7), and Barnard Creek from its 
confluence with Kelly Creek upstream 8.3 km (5.2 mi) to the headwaters 
are likely to be at least seasonally occupied (P. Murphy, pers. comm., 
2002) and


[[Page 71276]]


provide habitat necessary for the recovered distribution of bull trout 
(USFWS 2002). Bear Creek from its confluence with Kelly Creek upstream 
6.1 km (3.8 mi) to a gradient break (D. Weigel, pers. comm., 2002), 
South Fork Kelly Creek from its confluence with Kelly Creek upstream 
4.3 km (2.7 mi) to Williams Creek (CBBTTAT 1998c), Middle Fork Kelly 
Creek from its confluence with Kelly Creek upstream 5.1 km (3.2 mi) to 
Kid Lake Creek (P. Murphy, pers. comm., 2002), Kid Lake Creek from its 
confluence with Middle Fork Kelly Creek upstream to the USFS Trail 567 
crossing at rkm 2.9 (rmi 1.8) (P. Murphy, pers. comm., 2002), and North 
Fork Kelly Creek from its confluence with Kelly Creek upstream 6.2 km 
(3.8 mi) to an unnamed tributary (CBBTTAT 1998c) are occupied and 
provide habitat necessary for the recovered distribution of bull trout 
(USFWS 2002).
    (N) Moose Creek from its confluence with Kelly Creek upstream 15.9 
km (9.5 mi) to a gradient break near the headwaters (D. Schiff, IDFG, 
pers. comm., 2002; CBBTTAT 1998c) and its tributaries Ruby Creek from 
its mouth upstream 2.7 km (1.7 mi) to a break in channel gradient (CBI 
1999), Little Moose Creek from its mouth upstream 16.2 km (10.0 mi) to 
a break in channel gradient near section line 25/26 (D. Schiff, IDFG, 
pers. comm., 2002), Osier Creek from the mouth upstream 13.0 km (8.1 
mi) to the headwaters (D. Schiff, IDFG, pers. comm., 2002), and Swamp 
Creek from its confluence with Osier Creek upstream 8.7 km (5.4 mi) to 
an unnamed tributary provide migratory and spawning and rearing 
habitat. Sugar Creek from its confluence with Moose Creek upstream 6.4 
km (4.0 mi) to the headwaters provides habitat necessary for the 
expansion of bull trout populations that are essential for conservation 
of the species (USFWS 2002). Pollock Creek from its confluence with 
Swamp Creek upstream to a barrier falls near rkm 2.7 (rmi 1.7) contains 
excellent habitat necessary to support the recovered distribution of 
bull trout (C. Huntington, CBI, pers. comm., 2002; USFWS 2002).
    (O) Cayuse Creek from its confluence with Kelly Creek upstream 52.7 
km (32.8 mi) to a break in channel gradient near the headwaters 
provides rearing habitat (CBBTTAT 1998c). Toboggan Creek from its 
confluence with Cayuse Creek upstream 13.0 km (8.0 mi) to an unnamed 
tributary (Platts et al. 1993; C. Huntington, CBI, pers. comm., 2002), 
and Monroe Creek from its from its confluence with Cayuse Creek 
upstream 2.1 km (1.3 mi) to an unnamed tributary (Platts et al. 1993; 
CBBTTAT 1998c) provide, at a minimum, migratory habitat. Gravey Creek 
from its confluence with Cayuse Creek upstream 14.3 km (8.9 mi) to the 
headwaters is historic habitat (CBBTTAT 1998c) that is targeted for 
restoration efforts to provide for the recovered distribution of bull 
trout (USFWS 2002). Mae Creek from its confluence with Gravey Creek 
upstream 0.7 km (0.4 mi) to the USFS Road 107A crossing, and Marten 
Creek from its confluence with Gravey Creek upstream 7.2 km (4.5 mi) to 
the headwaters area targeted for restoration efforts to provide for the 
recovered distribution of bull trout (USFWS 2002). Tributaries to 
Gravey Creek, Howard Creek from its mouth upstream 10.1 km (6.3 mi) to 
the headwaters, Weasel Creek from its mouth upstream to a break in 
channel gradient near rkm 2.9 (rmi 1.8), Mink Creek from its mouth 
upstream to a break in gradient near rkm 3.4 (rmi 2.1), and Silver 
Creek from its mouth upstream 5.4 km (3.4 mi) to a break in gradient 
are likely to be at least seasonally occupied, contain excellent bull 
trout habitat (P. Murphy, pers. comm., 2002) and provide habitat 
essential to the conservation of bull trout (USFWS 2002).
    (P) North Fork Clearwater River from Kelly Forks at rkm 164.8 (rmi 
102.4) upstream 47.8 km (29.7 mi) to the headwaters provides FMO 
habitat. Pete Ott Creek from its confluence with the North Fork 
Clearwater River upstream 0.7 km (0.5 mi) to an unnamed tributary, and 
Elizabeth Creek from its confluence with the North Fork Clearwater 
River upstream 1.2 km (0.7 mi) to an unnamed tributary provide FMO 
habitat (Platts et al. 1993; CBBTTAT 1998c). Hidden Creek from its 
confluence with the North Fork Clearwater River upstream 3.7 km (2.3 
mi) to an unnamed tributary provides rearing habitat (CBBTTAT 1998c). 
Deception Gulch from its confluence with the North Fork Clearwater 
River upstream 8.4 km (5.2 mi) to the headwaters is suspected to be 
occupied (P. Murphy, pers. comm., 2002; CBBTTAT 1998c) and is targeted 
for restoration efforts and is essential to provide for the 
conservation of bull trout (USFWS 2002). Lake Creek from its confluence 
with the North Fork Clearwater River upstream 12.3 km (7.7 mi) to 
Japanese Creek; Goose Creek from its confluence with Lake Creek 
upstream 8.2 km (5.1 mi) to an unnamed tributary; Long Creek from its 
confluence with the North Fork Clearwater River upstream 11.3 km (7.0 
mi) to an unnamed tributary; Short Creek from its confluence with Long 
Creek upstream 3.7 km (2.3 mi) to a break in channel gradient; Rawhide 
Creek from its confluence with Long Creek upstream 5.5 km (3.4 mi) to a 
break in channel gradient; Slate Creek from its confluence Long Creek 
upstream 4.0 km (2.5 mi) to the headwaters; an unnamed Long Creek 
tributary from its mouth upstream 1.5 km (0.9 mi) to an unnamed 
tributary; Meadow Creek from its confluence with the North Fork 
Clearwater River upstream 20.3 km (12.6 mi) to the headwaters; 
Vanderbilt Gulch from its confluence with the North Fork Clearwater 
River upstream 9.4 km (5.9 mi) to the headwaters; Chamberlain Creek 
from its confluence with the North Fork Clearwater River upstream 5.4 
km (3.3 mi) to the headwaters; Placer Creek from its confluence with 
the North Fork Clearwater River upstream 3.6 km (2.3 mi) to the 
headwaters; Bostonian Creek from its confluence with the North Fork 
Clearwater River upstream 8.0 km (5.0 mi) to the headwaters; Niagra 
Gulch from its confluence with the North Fork Clearwater River upstream 
1.9 km (1.2 mi) to an unnamed tributary; Boundary Creek from its 
confluence with the North Fork Clearwater River upstream 3.0 km (1.9 
mi) to a break in channel gradient; and Graves Creek from its from its 
confluence with the North Fork Clearwater River upstream 3.1 km (1.9 
mi) to a break in channel gradient provide FMO and spawning and rearing 
habitat (CBBTTAT 1998c; D. Weigel, pers. comm., 2002 ; CBI 1994; D. 
Schiff, IDFG, pers. comm., 2002).
(iii) Fish Lake (North Fork) CHSU
    The Fish Lake (North Fork) CHSU lies within a small headwater basin 
of approximately 1,433 ha (3,541 ac) that is situated upstream of 
Japanese Creek in the Lake Creek drainage of the North Fork Clearwater 
River system. Located in Clearwater County and entirely within the 
Clearwater National Forest, the basin is dominated by Fish Lake, the 
largest mountain lake in north-central Idaho.
    (A) Lake Creek (a tributary to the North Fork Clearwater River) 
from Fish Lake downstream 6.1 km (3.8 mi) to Japanese Creek provides 
spawning and rearing habitat (CBBTTAT 1998c; D. Weigel, pers. comm., 
2002). Fish Lake (47 ha (16 ac) in size) provides FMO habitat. Four 
unnamed and unmapped inlets that enter Fish Lake on the eastern end of 
the lake, and a fifth unnamed inlet on the north side from their 
confluence with Fish Lake upstream to their source(s) provide spawning 
and rearing habitat (USFWS 2002).


[[Page 71277]]


(iv) South Fork Clearwater River CHSU
    The South Fork Clearwater River CHSU lies within a drainage basin 
of approximately 304,516 ha (752,474 ac) that includes the entire 
stream network of the South Fork Clearwater River located within Idaho 
and Nez Perce counties. Landownership in the basin is a mixture of 
Federal (70 percent), private (30 percent), State (less than 1 
percent), and Tribal (less than 1 percent), with private lands dominant 
in the lower portion of the area. However, streams proposed for 
critical habitat designation are primarily associated with Federal 
lands. Of 522.7 km (324.8 mi) of streams proposed for designation as 
critical bull trout habitat, 85 percent are on Federal land, less than 
1 percent on State land, less than 1 percent on Tribal land, and 15 
percent on private lands.
    (A) The South Fork Clearwater River from its mouth on the mainstem 
Clearwater River upstream 100.3 km (62.3 mi) to its origin at the 
confluence of the Red River and the American River provides FMO habitat 
(CBBTTAT 1998d). It also provides a migratory corridor that allows 
fluvial bull trout to move between local populations within this CHSU 
and provides the opportunity for genetic exchange between local 
populations.
    (B) Mill Creek from its confluence with the South Fork Clearwater 
River upstream 13.6 km (8.5 mi) to Merton Creek, and Merton Creek from 
its mouth upstream 1.6 km (1.0 mi) to an unnamed tributary provide 
rearing habitat (W. Paradis, USFS, pers. comm., 2002) as well as 
habitat essential to the conservation of bull trout (USFWS 2002).
    (C) Johns Creek from its confluence with the South Fork Clearwater 
River upstream approximately 30.9 km (19.3 mi) to a gradient break near 
the headwaters; Gospel Creek from its confluence with Johns Creek 
upstream 3.1 km (2.0 mi) to Moores Lake Creek; Moores Lake Creek from 
its confluence with Gospel Creek upstream 3.4 km (2.1 mi) to the USFS 
Trail 305 crossing; Open Creek from its confluence with Johns Creek 
upstream 1.5 km (0.9 mi) to a break in channel gradient; Moores Creek 
from its confluence with Johns Creek upstream 8.2 km (5.1 mi) to a 
barrier; Twin Lakes Creek from its confluence with Johns Creek upstream 
1.9 km (1.5 mi) to Hagen Creek; Hagen Creek from its mouth upstream to 
an unnamed tributary at rkm 2.3 (rmi 1.5); and Taylor Creek from its 
confluence with Johns Creek upstream 2.7 km (1.7 mi) to an unnamed 
tributary provide spawning and rearing habitat (Spangler 1997; CBBTTAT 
1998d).
    (D) Silver Creek from its confluence with the South Fork Clearwater 
River upstream 0.2 km (0.1 mi) to a barrier falls; Wing Creek from its 
confluence with the South Fork Clearwater River upstream 0.3 km (0.2 
mi) to a barrier falls; and Twentymile Creek from its confluence with 
the South Fork Clearwater upstream 0.2 km (0.1 mi) to a barrier falls 
are positioned between bull trout strongholds in Johns Creek (see 
above) and Tenmile Creek (see below) and provides foraging and thermal 
refuge habitat (USFS 1999b).
    (E) Tenmile Creek from the confluence with the South Fork 
Clearwater River upstream 22.6 km (14.0 mi) to a break in channel 
gradient above Wiseboy Creek; Sixmile Creek from its confluence with 
Tenmile Creek upstream 1.4 km (0.9 mi) to a barrier falls; Williams 
Creek from its confluence with Tenmile Creek upstream 8.4 km (5.2 mi) 
to the headwaters; and Wiseboy Creek from its confluence with Tenmile 
Creek upstream 0.9 km (0.6 mi) to an unnamed tributary provide spawning 
and rearing habitat (Spangler 1997; CBBTTAT 1998d; (W. Paradis, USFS, 
pers. comm., 2002; D. Mays, USFS, pers. comm., 2002).
    (F) Buckhorn Creek from its confluence with the South Fork 
Clearwater River upstream 0.3 km (0.2 mi) to an unnamed tributary 
foraging and thermal refuge habitat (D. Mays, USFS, pers. comm., 2002).
    (G) Newsome Creek from its confluence with the South Fork 
Clearwater River upstream 25.2 km (15.7 mi) to the headwaters; West 
Fork Newsome Creek from its confluence with Newsome Creek upstream 8.0 
km (5.0 mi) to a migration barrier; and Bear Creek from its confluence 
with Newsome Creek upstream 2.7 km (1.6 mi) to an unnamed tributary 
provide spawning and/or rearing habitat (D. Mays, USFS, pers. comm., 
2002; CBBTTAT 1998d). Beaver Creek from its confluence with Newsome 
Creek upstream 8.0 km (5.0 mi) to the headwaters is suspected to 
provide spawning and rearing habitat (CBBTTAT 1998d) and is essential 
to the conservation of bull trout (USFWS 2002). Pilot Creek from its 
confluence with Newsome Creek upstream 9.6 km (5.9 mi) to the 
headwaters; an unnamed Pilot Creek tributary from its mouth upstream 
1.3 km (0.8 mi) to another unnamed tributary; a second unnamed Pilot 
Creek tributary from its mouth upstream 0.6 km (0.4 mi) to a gradient 
break near the headwaters; Baldy Creek from its confluence with Newsome 
Creek upstream 6.0 km (3.8 mi) to an unnamed tributary; and Mule Creek 
from its confluence with Newsome Creek upstream 0.9 km (0.6 mi) to an 
unnamed tributary provide spawning and rearing habitat (CBBTTAT 1998d; 
IDFG, unpublished 2001; D. Mays, USFS, pers. comm., 2002).
    (H) Crooked River from its confluence with the South Fork 
Clearwater River upstream 18.8 km (11.7 mi) to the confluence of the 
East and West Forks; Relief Creek from its confluence with the West 
Fork Crooked River upstream 2.2 km (1.3 mi) to East Fork Relief Creek; 
West Fork Crooked River from its confluence with the East Fork Crooked 
River upstream approximately 5.4 km (3.4 mi) to a barrier falls; an 
unnamed tributary to the West Fork Crooked River from its mouth 
upstream approximately 1.0 km (0.6 mi) to a break in channel gradient; 
and East Fork Crooked River from its confluence with the West Fork 
upstream approximately 2.7 km (1.7 mi) to the distribution limit of 
bull trout provide spawning and rearing habitat (J. Brostrom, IDFG, 
pers. comm., 2002; D. Mays, USFS, pers. comm., 2002; CBBTTAT 1998d).
    (I) Red River from its confluence with the Crooked River and 
American River upstream 45.9 km (28.5 mi) to the headwaters; Red Horse 
Creek from its confluence with the Red River upstream 9.1 km (5.6 mi) 
to an unnamed tributary; Siegel Creek from its confluence with the Red 
River upstream 2.7 km (1.7 mi) to Boyer Creek; Dawson Creek from its 
confluence with the Red River upstream 3.7 km (2.3 mi) to the 
headwaters; Little Moose Creek from its confluence with the Red River 
upstream 3.0 km (1.8 mi) to an unnamed tributary; Moose Butte Creek 
from its confluence with the Red River upstream 7.4 km (4.6 mi) to an 
unnamed tributary; South Fork Red River from its confluence with the 
Red River upstream 18.7 km (11.7 mi) to the headwaters; Trapper Creek 
from its confluence with the South Fork Red River upstream 10.6 km (6.6 
mi) to the headwaters; West Fork of South Fork Red River from its mouth 
upstream 4.9 km (3.0 mi) to an unnamed tributary; Middle Fork of South 
Fork Red River from its mouth upstream 6.1 km (3.8 mi) to the 
headwaters; Ditch Creek from its confluence with the Middle Fork of 
South Fork Red River upstream 6.3 km (3.9 mi) to the headwaters; Soda 
Creek from its confluence with the Red River upstream 1.8 km (1.1 mi) 
to the limit of known use by bull trout; Baston Creek from its 
confluence with the Red River upstream 3.6 km (2.2 mi) to the 
headwaters; Otterson Creek from its confluence with the Red River 
upstream 5.6 km (3.5 mi) to the headwaters; and


[[Page 71278]]


Bridge Creek from its confluence with the Red River upstream 6.4 km 
(4.0 mi) to the headwaters provide FMO and spawning and rearing habitat 
(CBBTTAT 1998d; USFS 1999b; IDFG, unpublished 2001; D. Mays, USFS, 
pers. comm., 2002).
    (J) American River from its confluence with the Red River and the 
South Fork Clearwater River upstream 27.4 km (17.0 mi) to the mouth of 
Limber Luke Creek provides FMO habitat (CBBTTAT 1998d). Elk Creek from 
its confluence with the American River upstream 3.8 km (2.3 mi) to Big 
Elk Creek, and Big Elk Creek from its mouth upstream 15.5 km (9.6 mi) 
to the headwaters provide habitat that is essential to supporting the 
recovered distribution of bull trout (USFWS 2002). Little Elk Creek 
from its confluence with Elk Creek upstream 14.8 km (9.2 mi) to the 
headwaters is occupied (USFS 1999b) and provides habitat for the 
recovered distribution of bull trout (USFWS 2002). Kirks Fork of 
American River from its mouth upstream 2.1 km (1.3 mi) to Wigwam Creek; 
East Fork American River from its mouth upstream 10.5 km (6.5 mi) to 
the headwaters; and Flint Creek from its confluence with the East Fork 
American River upstream 3.0 km (1.9 mi) to an unnamed tributary are 
likely to be occupied (CBBTTAT 1998d; USFS 1999b) and provide habitat 
essential to the conservation of bull trout (USFWS 2002). West Fork 
American River from its mouth upstream 8.0 km (5.0 mi) to the 
headwaters and Lick Creek from its confluence with the American River 
upstream 6.0 km (3.7 mi) to the headwaters provide habitat essential to 
the conservation of bull trout (USFWS 2002).
(v) Lochsa River CHSU
    The Lochsa River CHSU lies within a drainage basin of about 303,019 
ha (748,773 ac) that includes the entire stream network of the Lochsa 
River system other than that portion of the Lake Creek drainage 
upstream of California Creek. Located within Idaho County, 
landownership is predominantly Federal (95 percent, all in the 
Clearwater National Forest), but also includes some private property (5 
percent).
    (A) The mainstem Lochsa River from its confluence with the Selway 
River upstream 110.5 km (68.7 mi) to its origin at the confluence of 
Crooked Fork and Colt Killed Creek provides FMO habitat (CBBTTAT 
1998b), as well as a migratory corridor that provides an opportunity 
for bull trout to move between local populations within and outside 
this CHSU.
    (B) Canyon Creek from its confluence with the Lochsa River upstream 
1.0 km (0.6 mi) to South Fork. Canyon Creek; Deadman Creek from its 
confluence with the Lochsa River upstream 3.4 km (2.1 mi) to East Fork. 
Deadman Creek; Coolwater Creek from its confluence with the Lochsa 
River upstream 2.2 km (1.4 mi) to an unnamed tributary; Bimerick Creek 
from its confluence with the Lochsa River upstream 0.7 km (0.4 mi) to a 
barrier falls; and Fire Creek from its confluence with the Lochsa River 
upstream 1.2 km (0.8 mi) to an unnamed tributary. Bull trout have been 
recently noted in Deadman, Coolwater, Fire Creeks (CBI 1992; Platts et 
al. 1993; IDFG Clearwater Data Base, unpublished 2002a). These 
tributaries provide biologically important opportunities for foraging 
and thermal refuge along a section of river known for summer water 
temperatures stressful to salmonids.
    (C) Split Creek from its confluence with the Lochsa River upstream 
11.3 km (7.0 mi) to the headwaters is occupied (CBI 1992; IDFG 
Clearwater Data Base, unpublished 2002a) and provides habitat essential 
to the conservation of bull trout (USFWS 2002).
    (D) Old Man Creek from its confluence with the Lochsa River 
upstream 11.4 km (7.1 mi) to Chimney Creek provides habitat essential 
to the long-term conservation of bull trout (USFWS 2002).
    (E) Fish Creek from its confluence with the Lochsa River upstream 
32.5 km (20.2 mi) to the headwaters, and Hungry Creek from its 
confluence with Fish Creek upstream 21.8 km (13.5 mi) to the headwaters 
are occupied (Platts et al. 1993; CBBTTAT 1998b) and provide habitat 
essential to the recovered distribution of bull trout (USFWS 2002).
    (F) Boulder Creek from its confluence with the Lochsa River 
upstream 9.8 km (6.1 mi) to Thimble Creek, the approximate location of 
an apparent migration barrier, is likely occupied (Platts et al. 1993; 
CBBTTAT 1998b) and provides habitat essential to the conservation of 
bull trout (USFWS 2002).
    (G) Bald Mountain Creek from its confluence with the Lochsa River 
upstream 2.3 km (1.4 mi) to an unnamed tributary, and Stanley Creek 
from its confluence with the Lochsa River upstream 2.0 km (1.2 mi) to 
an unnamed tributary are suspected to be at least seasonally occupied 
(CBBTTAT 1998b). It also provides subadult or adult bull trout 
opportunities for foraging and thermal refuge along a section of river 
where mid-summer water temperatures are well above those preferred by 
the species.
    (H) Indian Grave Creek from its confluence with the Lochsa River 
upstream 7.7 km (4.8 mi) to the headwaters appears to be at least 
seasonally occupied (Platts et al. 1993; CBBTTAT 1998b) and provides 
habitat essential to the conservation of bull trout (USFWS 2002).
    (I) Weir Creek from its confluence with the Lochsa River upstream 
9.5 km (5.9 mi) to the headwaters is occupied (CBBTTAT 1998b) and 
provides habitat essential to the conservation of bull trout (USFWS 
2002).
    (J) Lake Creek from its mouth at the Lochsa River upstream 16.2 km 
(10.0 mi) to California Creek; Freezeout Creek from its confluence with 
Lake Creek upstream 7.3 km (4.6 mi) to the headwaters; and California 
Creek from its mouth upstream 3.0 km (1.9 mi) to a break in channel 
gradient provide habitat essential to the conservation of bull trout 
(USFWS 2002).
    (K) Postoffice Creek from its confluence with the Lochsa River 
upstream 8.9 km (5.5 mi) to a break in channel gradient, and West Fork 
Postoffice Creek from its mouth upstream 3.6 km (2.2 mi) to an unnamed 
tributary provide habitat essential to the conservation of bull trout 
(USFWS 2002). Postoffice Creek is also known to be occupied (IDFG 
Clearwater Data Base, unpublished 2002a; CBBTTAT 1998b).
    (L) Warm Springs Creek from its confluence with the Lochsa River 
upstream 5.8 km (3.6 mi) to a barrier falls, and Cooperation Creek from 
its confluence with Warm Springs Creek upstream 5.5 km (3.4 mi) to a 
break in channel gradient provide spawning and rearing habitat for the 
Warm Spring local population (USFWS 2002; D. Weigel, pers. comm., 
2002).
    (M) Fishing (Squaw) Creek from its confluence with the Lochsa River 
upstream 10.1 km (6.3 mi) to a seasonally dry channel segment; Doe 
Creek from its confluence with Fishing (Squaw) Creek upstream 8.8 km 
(5.5 mi) to an unnamed tributary; West Fork Fishing Creek from its 
mouth upstream 4.2 km (2.6 mi) to an unnamed tributary; Spring Creek 
from its confluence with West Fork Fishing Creek upstream 1.6 km (1.0 
mi); and East Fork Fishing Creek from its mouth upstream 1.5 km (0.9 
mi) to a small unnamed tributary provide spawning and rearing habitat 
for the Fishing (Squaw) Creek local population (USFWS 2002).
    (N) Badger Creek from its confluence with the Lochsa River upstream 
1.5 km (0.9 mi) to an unnamed tributary, and Wendover Creek from its 
mouth upstream 1.6 km (1.0 mi) to West Fork Wendover Creek have 
suitable habitat.


[[Page 71279]]


Wendover Creek is likely to be currently occupied, at least seasonally 
(Platts et al. 1993; CBBTTAT 1998b). Badger Creek is identified for 
high priority restoration activities (i.e., barrier removal at the 
mouth) and is essential to the conservation of bull trout (USFWS 2002).
    (O) Legendary Bear (Papoose) Creek from its confluence with the 
Lochsa River upstream 3.0 km (1.9 mi) to West Fork Legendary Bear 
Creek; Parachute Creek from its confluence with Legendary Bear 
(Papoose) Creek upstream 0.4 km (0.3 mi) to a potential barrier; West 
Fork Legendary Bear Creek from its mouth upstream 7.3 km (4.5 mi) to an 
unnamed tributary; and East Fork Legendary Bear Creek from its mouth 
upstream 4.2 km (2.6 mi) to an unnamed tributary provide spawning and 
rearing habitat for the Legendary Bear (Papoose) Creek local population 
of bull trout (CBBTTAT 1998b; USFWS 2002).
    (P) Walton Creek from its mouth upstream 4.4 km (2.7 mi) to a break 
in channel gradient provides spawning and rearing habitat for the 
Walton Creek local population of bull trout (USFWS 2002).
    (Q) Colt Killed Creek from its mouth upstream 33.8 km (21.0 mi) to 
Garnet Creek; Big Flat Creek from its confluence with Colt Killed Creek 
upstream 13.5 km (8.4 mi) to its headwaters; Beaver Creek from its 
mouth at Colt Killed Creek upstream 12.2 km (7.6 mi) to the headwaters; 
Storm Creek from its mouth at Colt Killed Creek upstream 17.0 km (10.6 
mi) to North Fork Storm Creek; and Maud Creek from its confluence with 
Storm Creek upstream 10.1 km (6.3 mi) to the headwaters provide 
spawning and rearing habitat for the Colt Killed Creek local population 
of bull trout (CBI 1989; CBI 1996; P. Murphy, pers. comm., 2002; USFWS 
2002).
    (R) Crooked Fork from its confluence with the Lochsa River upstream 
21.7 km (13.5 mi) to Boulder Creek provides FMO and rearing habitat 
(CBBTTAT 1998b). Haskell Creek from its confluence with Crooked Fork 
upstream 4.5 km (2.8 mi) to the headwaters; Rock Creek from its 
confluence with Crooked Fork upstream 1.8 km (1.1 mi) to a small 
unnamed tributary; Shotgun Creek from its confluence with Crooked Fork 
upstream 7.6 km (4.7 mi) to the headwaters; Boulder Creek from its 
confluence with Crooked Fork upstream 10.5 km (6.5 mi) to an unnamed 
tributary; Fox Creek from its mouth at Boulder Creek upstream 5.6 km 
(3.5 mi) to a gradient break near the headwaters; Williams Lake Creek 
from its confluence with Boulder Creek upstream 4.2 km (2.6 mi) to an 
unnamed tributary; Crooked Fork Creek from its confluence with Boulder 
Creek upstream 12.4 km (7.7 mi) to a gradient break near the 
headwaters; Hopeful Creek from its confluence with Crooked Fork Creek 
upstream 7.4 km (4.6 mi) to the headwaters; and an unnamed Hopeful 
Creek tributary from its mouth upstream 4.7 km (2.9 mi) to the 
headwaters provide spawning and rearing habitat for the Crooked Fork 
local population (Watson and Hillman 1997; CBI 1997; CBBTTAT 1998b; 
USFWS 2002).
    (S) Brushy Fork Creek from the confluence with the Crooked Fork 
upstream 16.2 km (10.0 mi) to Spruce Creek; Twin Creek from its 
confluence with Brushy Fork Creek upstream 4.7 km (2.9 mi) to a barrier 
falls; Spruce Creek from its confluence with Brushy Fork Creek upstream 
5.6 km (3.5 mi) to South Fork Spruce Creek; Shoot Creek from its 
confluence with Spruce Creek upstream 3.4 km (2.1 mi) to a break in 
channel gradient; South Fork Spruce Creek from its mouth upstream 6.4 

km (4.0 mi) to a break in channel gradient; and North Fork Spruce Creek 
from its mouth upstream 4.0 km (2.5 mi) to an unnamed tributary provide 
spawning and rearing habitat for the Brushy Fork Creek local population 
(CBBTTAT 1998b; USFWS 2002; D. Weigel, pers. comm., 2002).
(vi) Fish Lake (Lochsa) CHSU
    The Fish Lake (Lochsa) CHSU lies within a 2,131 ha (5,267 ac) 
glacially formed drainage basin in the headwaters of Lake Creek, a 
major tributary to the Lochsa River. It is in Idaho County and is 
situated entirely within a portion of the Selway-Bitterroot Wilderness 
Area administered by the Clearwater National Forest. This area supports 
one of only two naturally adfluvial bull trout populations within the 
entire Clearwater River unit.
    (A) Lake Creek from California Creek upstream 5.8 km (3.6 mi) to 
Fish Lake, all 22 ha (54 ac) of Fish Lake, and Lake Creek from Fish 
Lake upstream 2.3 km (1.5 mi) to a break in channel gradient near the 
headwaters constitutes all habitat thought to be used by the Fish Lake 
Creek local population. Bull trout spawn in Lake Creek both below and 
above Fish Lake (P. Murphy, pers. comm., 2002), and grow to adulthood 
in the lake itself (USFWS 2002).
(vii) Selway River CHSU
    The Selway River CHSU lies within a 520,232 ha (1,285,516 ac) 
drainage basin that includes the Selway River and all of its 
tributaries. Located in Idaho and Clearwater counties, 85 percent of 
this basin is within the boundaries of the Selway-Bitterroot and Frank 
Church-River of No Return wilderness areas (USFS 2001b). Virtually all 
of the Selway River CHSU is administered by three National Forests: the 
Nez Perce, Bitterroot, and Clearwater (USFS 1999b). A total of 
approximately 780.8 km (485.3 mi) of stream are proposed for critical 
habitat designation as part of the Selway River CHSU. The proposed 
designations are comprised of Federal land (nearly 100 percent) and 
private lands (less than 1 percent).
    (A) The Selway River from its confluence with the Lochsa River 
upstream 146.4 km (88.5 mi) to Wilkerson Creek provides FMO habitat for 
fluvial bull trout (CBBTTAT 1998b), and a highly functional migratory 
corridor that provides an opportunity for bull trout to move between 
multiple local populations within and outside this CHSU. Recent field 
sampling indicates that above the Little Clearwater River confluence, 
at rkm 121.3 (rmi 75.3), the Selway River is also used as rearing 
habitat by juvenile bull trout (General Parr Monitoring database 2002). 
Goddard Creek, a tributary to the Selway River between the mouth and 
O'Hara Creek, from its mouth upstream 0.8 km (0.5 mi) to an unnamed 
tributary, is likely to be at least seasonally occupied by foraging 
adults (CBBTTAT 1998b) and provides habitat essential to the 
conservation of bull trout (USFWS 2002).
    (B) O'Hara Creek from its confluence with the Selway River upstream 
12.4 km (7.7 mi) to its origin at the confluence of the East and West 
Forks of O'Hara Creek; East Fork O'Hara Creek from its mouth upstream 
8.1 km (5.0 mi) to the headwaters; and West Fork O'Hara Creek from its 
mouth upstream 9.3 km (5.8 mi) to the headwaters are known to be 
occupied in the lower reaches (IDFG General Parr Monitoring database, 
unpublished 2002b) and provide habitat essential to the conservation of 
bull trout (USFWS 2002).
    (C) Four tributaries to the Selway River between O'Hara Creek and 
Gedney Creek, Rackliff Creek from its mouth upstream 2.2 km (1.4 mi) to 
an unnamed tributary; Boyd Creek from its mouth upstream 1.9 km (1.2 
mi) to a break in channel gradient; Glover Creek from its mouth 
upstream 1.5 km (0.9 mi) to an unnamed tributary; and Falls Creek from 
its mouth upstream 1.4 km (0.9 mi) to a break in channel gradient are 
suspected to provide at least seasonal habitat for foraging bull trout 
(CBBTTAT 1998b), are prioritized for restoration efforts (Boyd Creek), 
and provide habitat essential to the conservation of bull trout (USFWS 
2002).


[[Page 71280]]


    (D) Gedney Creek from its confluence with the Selway River upstream 
12.5 km (7.8 mi) to an unnamed tributary and West Fork Gedney Creek 
from its mouth upstream 2.0 km (1.2 mi) to a barrier falls are 
occupied. Spawning and rearing is suspected (A. Byrne, IDFG, pers. 
comm., 2002) and this area provides habitat essential to the 
conservation of bull trout (USFWS 2002).
    (E) Meadow Creek from its confluence with the Selway River upstream 
67.9 km (42.2 mi) to an unnamed tributary; Schwar Creek from its 
confluence with Meadow Creek upstream 3.5 km (2.2 mi) to a barrier 
falls; and East Fork Meadow Creek from its mouth upstream 11.1 km (6.9 
mi) to the headwaters provide spawning and rearing habitat for the 
Meadow Creek local population (CBBTTAT 1998b; IDFG/FIS database, 
unpublished 2002c).
    (F) Two tributaries to the Selway River between Meadow Creek and 
Mink Creek, Otter Creek from its confluence with the Selway River 
upstream 1.0 km (0.6 mi) to a barrier falls (suspected to be occupied 
(CBBTTAT 1998b)), and Three Links Creek from its confluence with the 
Selway River upstream 6.5 km (4.0 mi) to West Fork Three Links Creek 
(documented as occupied (USFWS 2002)) provide habitat essential to the 
conservation of bull trout (USFWS 2002).
    (G) Mink Creek from its confluence with the Selway River upstream 
11.9 km (7.4 mi) to an unnamed tributary is suspected to be occupied 
(CBBTTAT 1998b) and provides habitat essential to the conservation of 
bull trout (USFWS 2002).
    (H) Marten Creek from its confluence with the Selway River upstream 
18.3 km (11.4 mi) to a break in channel gradient near the headwaters is 
occupied (CBBTTAT 1998b) and provides habitat essential to the 
conservation of bull trout (USFWS 2002).
    (I) Moose Creek from its confluence with the Selway River upstream 
6.1 km (3.8 mi) to the confluence of North Fork Moose Creek and East 
Fork Moose Creek; North Fork Moose Creek from its mouth upstream 19.4 
km (12.0 mi) to an unnamed tributary; Rhoda Creek from its confluence 
with North Fork Moose Creek upstream 5.0 km (3.1 mi) to Wounded Doe 
Creek; Wounded Doe Creek from its mouth upstream 11.4 km (7.1 mi) to an 
unnamed tributary; East Fork Moose Creek from its mouth upstream 26.7 
km (16.6 mi) to a potential barrier falls; and Cedar Creek from its 
mouth at East Fork Moose Creek upstream 10.1 km (6.3 mi) to an unnamed 
tributary provide spawning and rearing habitat (CBBTTAT 1998b; USFS 
2001b; IDFG Clearwater database, unpublished 2002a).
    (J) Pettibone Creek from its confluence with the Selway River 
upstream 5.3 km (3.3 mi) to an unnamed tributary is suspected to be 
occupied (CBBTTAT 1998b) and provides habitat essential to the 
conservation of bull trout (USFWS 2002).
    (K) Bear Creek from its confluence with the Selway River upstream 
33.2 km (20.7 mi) to an unnamed tributary; Cub Creek from its 
confluence with Bear Creek upstream 15.0 km ( 9.3 mi) to a barrier 
falls; Paradise Creek from its confluence with CubCreek upstream 20.1 
km (12.5 mi) to a break in channel gradient near the headwaters; and 
Brushy Fork Creek from its confluence with Cub Creek upstream 11.3 km 
(7.0 mi) to a break in channel gradient near the headwaters are known 
to be used by the Bear Creek local population for foraging, as well as 
spawning and rearing (CBBTTAT 1998b; USFS 2001b). A small juvenile fish 
sampled low in the system (IDFG General Parr Monitoring database, 
unpublished 2002b) suggests spawning activity occurring in upper 
portions of the watershed.
    (L) Running Creek from its confluence with the Selway River 
upstream 31.4 km (19.5 mi) to an unnamed tributary; Eagle Creek from 
its confluence with Running Creek upstream 18.9 km (11.7 mi) to a 
gradient break near the headwaters; Lynx Creek from its confluence with 
Running Creek upstream 4.1 km (2.6 mi) to an unnamed tributary; and 
South Fork Running Creek from its mouth upstream 3.3 km (2.0 mi) to an 
unnamed tributary provide spawning and rearing habitat for the Running 
Creek local population (CBBTTAT 1998b; USFS 2001b; IDFG General Parr 
Monitoring database, unpublished 2002b). Tom Creek from its confluence 
with Running Creek upstream 6.1 km (3.8 mi) to the headwaters provides 
high quality habitat to provide for the recovered distribution of the 
Running Creek local population, and is essential to the conservation 
ofbull trout (USFWS 2002).
    (M) White Cap Creek from its confluence with the Selway River 
upstream 39.0 km (24.2 mi) to a gradient break near the headwaters and 
Canyon Creek from its confluence with White Cap Creek upstream 17.8 km 
(11.1 mi) to an unnamed tributary provide spawning and rearing habitat 
for the White Cap Creek local population (CBBTTAT 1998b; M. Jakober, 
USFS, pers. comm., 2002).
    (N) Indian Creek from its confluence with the Selway River upstream 
17.3 km (10.8 mi) to an unnamed tributary; Schofield Creek from its 
confluence with Indian Creek upstream 8.4 km (5.2 mi) to an unnamed 
tributary; and Burnt Strip Creek from its confluence with Schofield 
Creek upstream 4.3 km (2.7 mi) to the headwaters provide spawning and 
rearing habitat for the Indian Creek local population (CBBTTAT 1998b; 
M. Jakober, USFS, pers. comm., 2002).
    (O) Little Clearwater River from its confluence with the Selway 
River upstream 19.9 km (12.3 mi) to an unnamed tributary; Flat Creek 
from its confluence with the Little Clearwater River upstream 8.7 km 
(5.4 mi) to an unnamed tributary; Salamander Creek from its confluence 
with the Little Clearwater River upstream 7.7 km (4.8 mi) to an unnamed 
tributary; and Burnt Knob Creek from its confluence with the Little 
Clearwater River upstream 4.7 km (2.9 mi) to an unnamed tributary 
provide spawning and rearing habitat for the Little Clearwater River 
local population (CBBTTAT 1998b; M. Jakober, USFS, pers. comm., 2002).
    (P) Magruder Creek from its confluence with the Selway River 
upstream 2.6 km (1.7 mi) provides spawning and rearing habitat.
    (Q) Deep Creek from its confluence with the Selway River upstream 
21.3 km (13.3 mi) to a break in channel gradient; Cayuse Creek from its 
mouth upstream 10.4 km (6.5 mi) to the headwaters; Vance Creek from its 
mouth upstream 0.9 km (0.6 mi) to an unnamed tributary; and Slow Gulch 
Creek from its mouth upstream 2.2 km (1.3 mi) to Lazy Creek. Deep, 
Vance and Slow Gulch creeks provide spawning and rearing habitat for 
the Deep Creek local population (USFS 2001b; M. Jakober, USFS, pers. 
comm., 2002). Cayuse Creek is likely to be occupied based on habitat 
quality (M. Jakober, USFS, pers. comm., 2002), it provides habitat that 
is essential for the recovered distribution of the Deep Creek local 
population.
    (R) Upper Selway River from Wilkerson Creek upstream 20.1 km (12.5 
mi) to the headwaters; Wilkerson Creek from its confluence with the 
Selway River upstream 12.8 km (8.0 mi) to a break in channel gradient 
near the headwaters; Storm Creek from its confluence with Wilkerson 
Creek upstream 10.1 km (6.3 mi) to a gradient break near the 
headwaters; French Creek from its confluence with Wilkerson Creek 
upstream 3.0 km (1.9 mi) to an unnamed tributary; Swet Creek from its 
confluence with the Selway River upstream 13.7 km (8.5 mi) to the 
headwaters; Surprise Creek from its confluence with the Selway River 
upstream 7.6 km (4.7 mi) to the headwaters; and South Fork Surprise 
Creek from its mouth upstream 6.9 km (4.3 mi) to the headwaters provide


[[Page 71281]]


spawning and rearing habitat for the Upper Selway River local 
population (M. Jakober, USFS, pers. comm., 2002).


(20) Unit 16: Salmon River Basin


    The Salmon River basin extends across central Idaho from the Snake 
River to the Montana border. The critical habitat unit includes 7,688 
km (4,777 mi) of stream extending across portions of Adams, Blaine, 
Custer, Idaho, Lemhi, Nez Perce, and Valley counties in Idaho. There 
are 10 CHSUs: Little-Lower Salmon River, Middle Salmon River 
Chamberlain, South Fork Salmon River, Middle Fork Salmon River, Middle 
Salmon River-Panther Creek, Opal Lake, Lemhi River, Lake Creek, 
Pahsimeroi River, and Upper Salmon River. Currently, there are 125 
known bull trout local populations in this unit. The Draft Recovery 
Plan (USFWS 2002) indicates the need to maintain all known local 
populations and identifies the establishment of nine additional 
populations as necessary for bull trout recovery. The areas proposed as 
critical habitat within this unit are essential to maintaining the 
known populations and supporting the additional populations, all of 
which are essential to the conservation of bull trout.
(i) Little-Lower Salmon CHSU
    Approximately 494 km (307 mi) of stream is proposed as critical 
habitat in drainages associated with the Little Salmon River and the 
Salmon River downstream of French Creek (rkm 166.0 (rmi 103.1)). 
Landownership within the CHSU is approximately 77 percent Federal, 21 
percent private, and 1 percent State. This CHSU supports seven existing 
bull trout local populations, and locations for three additional local 
populations essential for bull trout recovery were identified in the 
Draft Recovery Plan (USFWS 2002). The stream segments proposed for 
designation as critical habitat in the Little-Lower Salmon CHSU are 
described below.
    (A) The Salmon River from its confluence with the Snake River 
upstream 166 km (103.2 mi) to the confluence with French Creek. This 
stretch of the Salmon River provides foraging and overwinter habitat, 
and connectivity between the bull trout local populations in this area. 
This stretch also provides a migratory corridor for movement from 
upstream portions of the Salmon River to the Snake River.
    (B) Slate Creek from its confluence with the Salmon River (at rkm 
106.4 (rmi 66.1)) upstream 21.4 km (13.3 mi) to the confluence with 
Little Slate Creek and extending into Little Slate Creek for a distance 
of 14.4 km (9.0 mi), Van Buren Creek from the confluence with Little 
Slate Creek upstream 8.5 km (5.3 mi), Deadhorse Creek from its mouth 
upstream 9.2 km (5.7 mi); and Willow Creek from its junction with 
Little Slate Creek upstream 2.3 km (1.4 mi) to its headwaters.
    (C) John Day Creek from its confluence with the Salmon River at rkm 
116.5 (rmi 72.3) upstream 13.8 km (8.6 mi) to its headwaters and 
extending up East Fork John Day Creek for a distance of 6.4 km (4 mi).
    (D) The Little Salmon River from its confluence with the Salmon 
River at rkm 139.5 (rmi 86.6) upstream 33.8 km (21.0 mi) to a barrier.
    (E) Rapid River from its confluence with the Little Salmon River at 
rkm 6.8 (rmi 4.2) upstream 36.5 km (22.7 mi) to its headwaters and 
extending 16.6 km (10.3 mi) up the West Fork Rapid River, 6.9 km (4.3 
mi) up the Lake Fork Rapid River, and 5 km (3.1 mi) up the Granite Fork 
of the Lake Fork.
    (F) Boulder Creek from its confluence with the Little Salmon River 
at rkm 28.5 (rmi 17.7) upstream 30 km (18.7 mi) to its headwaters and 
extending up Yellow Jacket Creek for a distance of 2.9 km (1.8 mi).
    (G) Hazard Creek from the confluence with the Little Salmon River 
at rkm 31.4 (rmi 19.5) upstream 17.5 km (15.8 mi) to a headwater lake 
and extending up Hard Creek for a distance of 7.6 km (4.7 mi) to a 
barrier falls. A natural bedrock falls on Hazard Creek at rkm 6.1 (rmi 
3.8) is a barrier to upstream fish movement. Hard Creek enters 
downstream of the barrier falls and a fluvial bull trout local 
population has been documented in Hard and lower Hazard Creeks (CBBTTAT 
1998e).
    (H) Lake Creek from its confluence with the Salmon River at rkm 
149.7 (rmi 93.0) upstream for 14 km (8.7 mi) to its headwaters.
    (I) Partridge Creek from its confluence with the Salmon River at 
rkm 159.6 (rmi 99.1) upstream for 18.7 km (11.6 mi) to its headwaters.
    (J) Elkhorn Creek from its confluence with the Salmon River at rkm 
162.7 (rmi 101.0) upstream for 17.7 km (11 mi) to its headwaters.
    (K) French Creek from its confluence with the Salmon River at rkm 
166.0 (rmi 103.1) upstream for 33.6 km (20.9 mi) to its headwaters and 
extending up North Creek for 6.1 km (3.8 mi).
(ii) Middle Salmon-Chamberlain CHSU
    Approximately 528 km (328 mi) of stream is proposed as critical 
habitat in drainages associated with the section of the Salmon River 
from French Creek (rkm 166.0 (rmi 103.1)) upstream to Chamberlain Creek 
(rkm 281.9 (rmi 175.1)). Landownership within the CHSU is approximately 
98 percent USFS, 1 percent BLM, and 1 percent private. This CHSU 
supports nine existing bull trout local populations, and the Draft 
Recovery Plan (USFWS 2002) identifies all of them as essential for 
conservation of bull trout. It also identifies a drainage where the 
establishment of an additional population is essential to the 
conservation of the species. The stream segments that make up the 
Middle Salmon-Chamberlain CHSU are described below.
    (A) The Salmon River from its confluence with French Creek upstream 
111.9 km (69.5 mi) to the confluence with Chamberlain Creek. This 
stretch of the Salmon River provides foraging and overwintering 
habitat, as well as connectivity between the bull trout local 
populations in this area. This stretch also provides a migratory 
corridor for movement from upstream portions of the Salmon River to the 
Snake River. All other stream segments in this CHSU are tributaries of 
the Salmon River and primarily provide spawning and rearing habitat.
    (B) Fall Creek from its confluence with the Salmon River at rkm 
172.5 (rmi 107.1) upstream 14.6 km (9.1 mi) to its headwaters and 
extending up East Fork Fall Creek for a distance of 7.2 km (4.5 mi).
    (C) Wind River from its confluence with the Salmon River at rkm 
176.9 (rmi 109.9) upstream 22.5 km (14.0 mi) to the headwaters.
    (D) Sheep Creek from its confluence with the Salmon River at rkm 
187.6 (rmi 116.5) upstream 23.8 km (14.8 mi) to its headwaters.
    (E) California Creek from its confluence with the Salmon River at 
rkm 189.9 (rmi 117.9) upstream 19.5 km (12.1 mi) to its headwaters.
    (F) Crooked Creek from its confluence with the Salmon River at rkm 
200.5 (rmi 124.5) upstream 34.3 km (21.3 mi) to the headwaters and 
extending up Lake Creek for a distance of 21.1 km (13.1 mi).
    (G) Warren Creek from its confluence with the Salmon River at rkm 
208.6 (rmi 129.5) upstream 31.1 km (19.3 mi) to the headwaters and 
extending up the following Warren Creek tributaries: Schissler Creek 
for a distance of 6.8 km (4.2 mi); Guard Creek for a distance of 3.9 km 
(2.4 mi); Slaughter Creek for a distance of 7.7 km (4.8 mi); Mayflower 
Creek for a distance of 5.6 km (3.5 mi); and Webfoot Creek for a 
distance of 3.5 km (2.2 mi).
    (H) Rhett Creek from its confluence with the Salmon River at rkm 
230.0 (rmi


[[Page 71282]]


142.8) upstream 1.2 km (0.8 mi) to a barrier falls.
    (I) Little Mallard Creek from its confluence with the Salmon River 
at rkm 244.6 (rmi 151.9) upstream 0.8 km (0.5 mi) to a falls.
    (J) Big Mallard Creek from its confluence with the Salmon River at 
rkm 247.0 (rmi 153.4) upstream 1.1 km (0.7 mi) to Mallard Creek Falls.
    (K) Bargamin Creek from its confluence with the Salmon River at rkm 
255.2 (rmi 158.5) upstream 37.5 km (23.3 mi) to its headwaters.
    (L) Sabe Creek from its confluence with the Salmon River at rkm 
271.6 (rmi 168.7) upstream 24.5 km (15.2 mi) to its headwaters.
    (M) Big Harrington Creek from its confluence with the Salmon River 
at rkm 278.2 (rmi 172.8) upstream 13.5 km (8.4 mi) to its headwaters.
    (N) Chamberlain Creek from its confluence with the Salmon River at 
rkm 281.9 (rmi 175.1) upstream 43.8 km (27.2 mi) to its headwaters and 
extending up the following tributaries: McCalla Creek for a distance of 
25.6 km (15.9 mi) from its mouth to to its headwaters; Whimstick Creek 
from its junction with McCalla Creek upstream 17.4 km (10.8 mi); West 
Fork Chamberlain Creek from its mouth upstream14.6 km (9.1 mi) to its 
headwaters; Game Creek from its mouth on West Fork Chamberlain Creek 
upstream 8.4 km (5.2 mi); Moose Creek from its mouth upstream10 km (6.2 
mi) to its headwaters; South Fork Chamberlain Creek from its mouth 
upstream 7.2 km (4.5 mi) to its headwaters; and Rim Creek from its 
junction with Chamberlain Creek upstream 8.4 km (5.2 mi) to its 
headwaters.
(iii) South Fork Salmon River CHSU
    Approximately 834 km (518 mi) of stream is proposed as critical 
habitat in drainages associated with the South Fork of the Salmon 
River. Landownership within the CHSU is 96 percent Federal land, 1 
percent State land, and 3 percent private land. This CHSU supports 28 
existing bull trout local populations and one potential local 
population, all of which are identified as essential for bull trout 
recovery in the Draft Recovery Plan (USFWS 2002). The stream segments 
proposed for critical habitat that make up the South Fork Salmon River 
CHSU are described below.
    (A) South Fork Salmon River from its confluence with the Salmon 
River upstream 141.6 km (88 mi) to its headwaters. Most of this stretch 
provides FMO habitat, and allows for the maintenance of genetic 
exchange by local and potential local populations both within and 
between CHSUs. The upper 13.3 km (8.3 mi) is known to support bull 
trout spawning and/or early rearing, and is considered to be a distinct 
local population. All other stream segments in this CHSU are 
tributaries of the South Fork Salmon River and primarily provide 
spawning and rearing habitat.
    (B) Pony Creek from its confluence with the South Fork Salmon River 
upstream 14.7 km (9.1 mi) to its headwaters.
    (C) Elk Creek from its confluence with the South Fork Salmon River 
upstream 14.3 km (8.9 mi) to its headwater and extending up West Fork 
Elk Creek for a distance of 10.7 km (6.6 mi), and up South Fork Elk 
Creek for a distance of 4.4 km (2.7 mi).
    (D) The Secesh River from its confluence with South Fork Salmon 
River upstream 45.3 km (28.1 mi) to Lake Creek. The lower 39 km (24 mi) 
stretch of this river is used primarily as FMO habitat (IDFG/FIS 
database, unpublished 2002c). The uppermost 6 km (4 mi) is known to 
support bull trout spawning and/or early rearing (IDFG/FIS database, 
unpublished 2002c; USFWS, in litt., 2002b). A number of bull trout 
local populations are associated with tributaries of the Secesh River; 
each of the following streams are known to support bull trout spawning 
and/or early rearing (USFWS, in litt., 2002b; (IDFG/FIS database, 
unpublished 2002c): Lick Creek from its confluence with the Secesh 
River upstream 16.3 km (10.2 mi) and extending up Hum Creek for a 
distance of 3 km (1.9 mi); Loon Creek from its confluence with the 
Secesh River upstream for a distance of 15.8 km (9.8 mi); Victor Creek 
from its confluence with the Secesh River upstream 11.2 km (6.9 mi) to 
its headwaters and extending up Willowbasket Creek for a distance of 
6.6 km (4.1 mi); Grouse Creek from its confluence with the Secesh River 
upstream 7.2 km (4.5 mi) and extending up Flat Creek for a distance of 
6.7 km (4.1 mi) and up Sand Creek for 4.1 km (2.6 mi); Ruby Creek from 
its confluence with the Secesh River upstream 9.4 km (5.8 mi) to its 
headwaters; Summit Creek from its confluence with the Secesh River 
upstream 15.6 km (9.7 mi) to its headwaters and extending up Josephine 
Creek for a distance of 4 km (2.5 mi); Lake Creek from its confluence 
with the Secesh River upstream 21.7 km (13.5 mi) to its headwaters and 
extending up Nethker Creek for 6.1 km (3.8 mi), Threemile Creek for 5.8 
km (3.6 mi), and Willow Creek for 9 km (5.6 mi).
    (E) East Fork South Fork Salmon River from its confluence with 
South Fork Salmon River upstream 52.2 km (32.4 mi) to its headwaters. 
Downstream of Fiddle Creek (rkm 42.7 (rmi 26.5)), the East Fork is 
occupied FMO habitat; above Fiddle Creek it is occupied spawning and 
rearing habitat. A number of bull trout local populations extend up 
tributaries of the upper East Fork South Fork Salmon River; each of the 
following streams are known to support bull trout spawning and/or early 
rearing (USFWS, in litt., 2002b; IDFG/FIS database, unpublished 2002c): 
Quartz Creek for a distance of 12.6 km (7.8 mi) to its headwaters; 
Profile Creek for a distance of 13.2 km (8.2 mi) to its headwater and 
extending up Missouri Creek for 4.8 km (3.0 mi); Tamarack Creek for a 
distance of 11.9 km (7.4 mi) and including 5.8 km (3.6 mi) of Burn 
Creek; Salt Creek for a distance of 3.8 km (2.4 mi); Sugar Creek for a 
distance 11.5 km (7.1 mi) and including 5.5 km (3.4 mi) of Cinnabar 
Creek and 4.2 km (2.6 mi) of Cane Creek; and Meadow Creek for a 
distance of 7.7 km (4.8 mi).
    (F) Johnson Creek from its confluence with East Fork South Fork 
Salmon River upstream 61.8 km (38.4 mi) to its headwater. Downstream of 
Sand Creek (rkm 46.4 (rmi 28.8)), Johnson Creek is occupied FMO 
habitat; the 15.4 km (9.6 mi) above Sand Creek is potential spawning 
and rearing habitat containing many of the primary constituent 
elements. Upper Johnson Creek is identified in the Draft Recovery Plan 
(USFWS 2002) as a potential local population with a number of known 
bull trout local populations extending up tributaries of Johnson Creek. 
Each of the following streams and lakes are known to support bull 
trout: Riordan Creek for a distance of 13.9 km (8.6 mi) above and below 
Riordan Lake, and including the 30 ha (75 ac) lake; Trapper Creek for a 
distance of 14.5 km (9.0 mi) and including 4.0 km (2.5 mi) of an 
unnamed tributary on the south side of Trapper Creek; and Burntlog 
Creek for a distance of 22.7 km (14.1 mi) and including 7.3 km (4.5 mi) 
of Buck Creek, 10.5 km (6.5 mi) of East Fork Burntlog Creek, and an 
unnamed tributary to East Fork Burntlog Creek from its mouth, 
approximately 4.4 km (2.8 mi) upstream of the confluence of Burntlog 
and East Fork Burntlog creeks, upstream 3.2 km (2 mi) to its 
headwaters.
    (G) The following tributaries of the South Fork Salmon River that 
enter the river upstream of the East Fork South Fork Salmon River are 
known to support bull trout local populations and are proposed as 
critical habitat: Fitsum Creek from its confluence with South Fork 
Salmon River upstream for a distance of 3.7 km (2.3 mi) and including 
13.0 km (8.1 mi) of North


[[Page 71283]]


Fork Fitsum Creek; Buckhorn Creek from its confluence with South Fork 
Salmon River upstream for a distance of 16.6 km (10.3 mi) and extending 
7.7 km (4.8 mi) up Little Buckhorn Creek and 6.1 km (3.8 mi) up South 
Fork Buckhorn Creek; Cougar Creek from its confluence with South Fork 
Salmon River upstream for a distance of 13.8 km (8.6 mi); Fourmile 
Creek from its confluence with South Fork Salmon River upstream for a 
distance of 12.1 km (7.5 mi); Blackmare Creek from its confluence with 
South Fork Salmon River upstream for a distance of 9.1 km (5.6 mi) and 
extending 7.4 km (4.6 mi) up South Fork Blackmare Creek; Six Bit Creek 
from its confluence with South Fork Salmon River upstream for a 
distance of 10 km (6.2 mi); Warm Lake Creek from its confluence with 
South Fork Salmon River upstream for a distance of 4.5 km (2.8 mi) up 
to and including Warm Lake (167 ha (412 ac), and extending 6.5 km (4.1 
mi) up Cabin Creek and 5.1 km (3.2 mi) up Reeves Creek; Curtis Creek 
from its confluence with South Fork Salmon River upstream for a 
distance of 12.2 km (7.6 mi), including two unnamed tributaries to 
Curtis Creek upstream approximately 1.7 km (1 mi) in each, and 
extending 7.2 km (4.5 mi) up Trail Creek, including 1.6 km (1 mi) of an 
unnamed tributary to Trail Creek; Bear Creek from its confluence with 
South Fork Salmon River upstream for a distance of 8.5 km (5.3 mi); 
Tyndall Creek from its confluence with South Fork Salmon River upstream 
for a distance of 5.8 km (3.6 mi); Rice Creek from its confluence with 
South Fork Salmon River upstream for a distance of 10.2 km (6.3 mi) and 
extending 1.4 km (0.9 mi) up an unnamed tributary; an unnamed tributary 
to South Fork Salmon River (just below Yellowjacket Creek) from its 
confluence with the South Fork upstream 2.0 km (1.3 mi); and Mormon 
Creek from its confluence with South Fork Salmon River upstream for a 
distance of 4.8 km (3.0 mi).
(iv) Middle Fork Salmon River CHSU
    Approximately 1,905 km (1,184 mi) of stream is proposed as critical 
habitat in drainages associated with the Middle Fork of the Salmon 
River. Landownership within the CHSU is approximately 98 percent USFS, 
2 percent private, and less than 1 percent State. This CHSU supports 28 
existing bull trout local populations, all of which are identified as 
essential for bull trout recovery in the Draft Recovery Plan (USFWS 
2002). The stream segments that comprise proposed critical habitat in 
this CHSU are described below.
    (A) Middle Fork Salmon River from its confluence with the Salmon 
River upstream for a distance of 168.4 km (104.6 mi) to Bear Valley 
Creek. The Middle Fork provides FMO habitat, and allows for the 
maintenance of genetic exchange by local and potential local 
populations both within and between CHSU. All other stream segments in 
this CHSU are tributaries of the Middle Fork Salmon River and primarily 
provide spawning and rearing habitat (Southwest Basin Native Fish 
Technical Advisory Group (SBNFTG) 1998; USFWS, in litt., 2002b).
    (B) Big Creek from its confluence with the Middle Fork Salmon River 
upstream for a distance of 74.2 km (46.1 mi) to its headwater and 
extending up the following tributaries: Rush Creek for a distance of 
27.4 km (17 mi) and including 7.8 km (4.9 mi) of South Fork Rush Creek; 
Cabin Creek for a distance of 14.4 km (8.9 mi); Cave Creek for a 
distance of 19.4 km (12 mi); Monumental Creek for a distance of 41.1 km 
(25.6 mi) and including 12.8 km (7.9 mi) of Snowslide Creek, and 12.7 
km (7.9 mi) of West Fork Monumental Creek; Crooked Creek for a distance 
of 11.1 km (6.9 mi); Big Ramey Creek for a distance of 18.8 km (11.7 
mi) and including 5.8 km (3.6 mi) of East Fork Big Ramey Creek; Beaver 
Creek for a distance of 18.8 km (11.7 mi) and including 11.2 km (7.0 
mi) of Hand Creek and 5.8 km (3.6 mi) of Boulder Creek; Smith Creek for 
a distance of 10 km (6.2 mi) and including 3.8 km (2.4 mi) of Middle 
Fork Smith Creek and 4.9 km of South Fork Smith Creek; Logan Creek for 
a distance of 13.4 km (8.3 mi); and Belvidere Creek for a distance of 
4.7 km (2.9 mi).
    (C) Wilson Creek from its confluence with the Middle Fork Salmon 
River upstream for a distance of 24.2 km (15.1 mi).
    (D) Soldier Creek from its confluence with the Middle Fork Salmon 
River upstream for a distance of 14.4 km (8.9 mi).
    (E) Brush Creek from its confluence with the Middle Fork Salmon 
River upstream for a distance of 10.7 km (6.6 mi).
    (F) Sheep Creek from its confluence with the Middle Fork Salmon 
River upstream for a distance of 16.3 km (10.1 mi).
    (G) Camas Creek from its confluence with the Middle Fork Salmon 
River upstream for a distance of 51 km (31.7 mi) and extending up the 
following tributaries: Yellow Jacket Creek for a distance of 36.5 km 
(22.7 mi) and including 6.5 km (4.0 mi) of Lake Creek, 13.6 km (8.4 mi) 
of Hoodoo Creek, 8.4 km (5.2 mi) of Little Jacket Creek, and 5.2 km 
(3.2 mi) of Shovel Creek; Woodtick Creek for a distance of 9.6 km (6 
mi); West Fork Camas Creek for a distance of 14.7 km (3.1 mi) and 
including 7.8 km (4.8 mi) of Pole Creek; Silver Creek for a distance of 
29.1 km (18.1 mi) and including 7.8 km (4.8 mi) of Arrastra Creek, 6.9 
km (4.3 mi) of Birdseye Creek, and 3.5 km (2.2 mi) of Blue Fork Silver 
Creek; Castle Creek for a distance of 15.0 km (9.3 mi); Furnace Creek 
for a distance of 12.9 km (8.0 mi); White Goat Creek for a distance of 
7.1 km (4.4 mi); South Fork Camas Creek for a distance of 13.2 km (8.2 
mi); Fly Creek for a distance of 6.2 km (3.9 mi); and J Fell Creek for 
a distance of 8.5 km (5.3 mi).
    (H) Norton Creek from its confluence with the Middle Fork Salmon 
River upstream for a distance of 12.8 km (8.0 mi).
    (I) Loon Creek from its confluence with the Middle Fork Salmon 
River upstream for a distance of 54.5 km (33.9 mi) and extending up 
into the following tributaries: Cache Creek for a distance of 11.5 km 
(7.1 mi); Bear Creek for a distance of 4.3 km (2.7 mi); Cold Spring 
Creek for a distance of 5.8 km (3.6 mi); Jack Creek for a distance of 
3.1 km (1.9 mi); Indian Creek for a distance of 8.7 km (5.4 mi); Cabin 
Creek for a distance of 10.6 km (6.6 mi); Rock Creek for a distance of 
13.0 km (8.1 mi); Warm Spring Creek for a distance of 30.1 km (18.7 mi) 
and extending 2.1 km (1.3 mi) up Fir Creek, 2.8 km (1.7 mi) up Cat 
Creek, 4.5 km (2.8 mi) up MaHoney Creek, 3.2 km (2 mi) up Parker Creek, 
5.5 km (3.4 mi) up Wickiup Creek, 7.0 km (4.3 mi) up Trapper Creek, 3.8 
km (2.4 mi) up McKee Creek, 3.7 km (2.3 mi) up Rush Creek, and 1.4 km 
(0.9 mi) up South Fork Warm Spring Creek; Cottonwood Creek for a 
distance of 8.9 km (5.5 mi) and extending 4.3 km (2.7 mi) up South Fork 
Cottonwood Creek; Shell Creek for a distance of 3.6 km (2.2 mi); Rat 
Creek for a distance of 2.5 km (1.6 mi); Canyon Creek for a distance of 
3.3 km (2.0 mi); Mayfield Creek for a distance of 5.1 km (3.3 mi) and 
extending 4.9 km (3.0 mi) up Nelson Creek, 11.2 km (7.0 mi) up West 
Fork Mayfield Creek, and 20.2 km (12.5 mi) up East Fork Mayfield Creek; 
Deer Creek for a distance of 3.3 km (2.0 mi); Trail Creek for a 
distance of 10.1 km (6.3 mi); and Pioneer Creek for a distance of 11 km 
(6.8 mi).
    (J) Little Loon Creek from its confluence with the Middle Fork 
Salmon River upstream for a distance of 18.5 km (11.5 mi) and extending 
up West Fork Little Loon Creek for 6.2 km.
    (K) Little Creek from its confluence with the Middle Fork Salmon 
River upstream for a distance of 3.9 km (2.4 mi).


[[Page 71284]]


    (L) Thomas Creek from its confluence with the Middle Fork Salmon 
River upstream for a distance of 1.8 km (1.1 mi), and extending 3.8 km 
(2.4 mi) up West Fork Thomas Creek and 4.8 km (3 mi) up East Fork 
Thomas Creek.
    (M) Marble Creek from its confluence with the Middle Fork Salmon 
River upstream for a distance of 35.9 km (22.3 mi) and extending up 
into the following tributaries: Trail Creek for a distance of 15.5 km 
(9.6 mi); Dynamite Creek for a distance of 13.2 km (8.2 mi); Buck Creek 
for a distance of 6.9 km (4.3 mi); Little Cottonwood Creek for a 
distance of 6.5 km (4.0 mi); and Big Cottonwood Creek for a distance of 
12.2 km (7.6 mi).
    (N) Indian Creek from its confluence with the Middle Fork Salmon 
River upstream for a distance of 32.7 km (20.3 mi) and extending up 
into the following tributaries: Middle Fork Indian Creek for a distance 
of 8.7 km (5.4 mi); Cultus Creek for a distance of 4.9 km (3.0 mi); 
Papoose Creek for a distance of 5.9 km (3.7 mi); Little Indian Creek 
for a distance of 7.7 km (4.8 mi); and Big Chief Creek for a distance 
of 8.2 km (5.5 mi).
    (O) Pistol Creek from its confluence with the Middle Fork Salmon 
River upstream for a distance of 29.4 km (18.3 mi) and extending up 
into the following tributaries: Little Pistol Creek for a distance of 
22.1 km (13.7 mi) and including 6.0 km (3.7 mi) of Springfield Creek, 
5.5 km (3.4 mi) of West Fork Springfield Creek, and 5.5 km (3.4 mi) of 
Browning Creek; Forty-Five Creek for a distance of 9.6 km (6.0 mi); 
Lugar Creek for a distance of 8.8 km (5.5 mi); and Thirty-Eight Creek 
for a distance of 5.4 km (3.4 mi).
    (P) Rapid River from its confluence with the Middle Fork Salmon 
River upstream for a distance of 27.7 km (17.2 mi) and extending up 
into the following tributaries: Sheep Creek for a distance of 16.3 km 
(10.1 mi) and extending 5.1 km (3.2 mi) up North Fork Sheep Creek and 
7.2 km (4.5 mi) up South Fork Sheep Creek; Sulfur Creek for a distance 
of 7.9 km (4.9 mi); Float Creek for a distance of 11.4 km (7.1 mi); 
Vanity Creek for a distance of 9.6 km (6 mi) and extending 5.4 km (3.4 
mi) up Seafoam Creek, and 5.9 km (3.7 mi) up Baldwin Creek; and 
Duffield Creek for a distance of 10.9 km (6.8 mi).
    (Q) Greyhound Creek from its confluence with the Middle Fork Salmon 
River upstream for a distance of 8.3 km (5.2 mi).
    (R) Soldier Creek from its confluence with the Middle Fork Salmon 
River upstream for a distance of 12.6 km (7.8 mi).
    (S) Elkhorn Creek from its confluence with the Middle Fork Salmon 
River upstream for a distance of 11.9 km (7.4 mi) and extending 7.9 km 
(4.9 mi) up North Fork Elkhorn Creek, and 6.8 km (4.2 mi) up Middle 
Fork Elkhorn Creek.
    (T) Sulphur Creek from its confluence with the Middle Fork Salmon 
River upstream for a distance of 29.4 km (18.3 mi) and extending 6.3 km 
(3.9 mi) up North Fork Sulphur Creek.
    (U) Dagger Creek from its confluence with the Middle Fork Salmon 
River upstream for a distance of 12.4 km (7.7 mi).
    (V) Marsh Creek from its confluence with the Middle Fork Salmon 
River upstream for a distance of 22 km (13.7 mi) and extending up into 
the following tributaries: Lola Creek for a distance of 6.3 km (3.9 
mi); Beaver Creek for a distance of 27.3 km (17.0 mi) and extending 6.5 
km (4.0 mi) up Bear Creek and 11.4 km (7.1 mi) up Winnemucca Creek; 
Cape Horn Creek for a distance of 15.1 km (9.4 mi) and extending 11.5 
km (7.1 mi) up Banner Creek; and Knapp Creek for a distance of 24.8 km 
(15.4 mi).
    (W) Bear Valley Creek from its confluence with the Middle Fork 
Salmon River upstream for a distance of 49.7 km (30.9 mi) and extending 
up into the following tributaries: Fir Creek for a distance of 11 km 
(6.8 mi); Cold Creek for a distance of 6.8 km (4.2 mi); Wyoming Creek 
for a distance of 10 km (6.2 mi); Poker Creek for a distance of 4 km 
(2.5 mi); an unnamed Tributary entering Bear Valley Creek from the 
north approximately 0.5 km (0.3 mi) upstream of Poker Creek, for a 
distance of 2.6 km (1.6 mi); Elk Creek for a distance of 25.5 km (15.8 
mi) and extending 9.8 km (6.1 mi) up Cook Creek, 13.6 km (8.6 mi) up 
Bearskin Creek, 6.3 km (3.9 mi) up Little Beaver Creek, 9.9 km (6.1 mi) 
up Porter Creek, 5.1 km (3.2 mi) up Little East Fork Elk Creek, 6.4 km 
(4 mi) up West Fork Elk Creek, 5.2 km (3.2 mi) up North Fork Elk Creek, 
and 10.2 km (6.3 mi) up East Fork Elk Creek; Pole Creek for a distance 
of 3.1 km (1.9 mi); Sack Creek for a distance of 8.9 km (5.5 mi); Cache 
Creek for a distance of 12.3 km (7.6 mi) and extending 3.2 km (2 mi) up 
an unnamed tributary that enters Cache Creek from the east 
approximately 4.5 km (2.8 mi) upstream of Bear Valley Creek; Sheeptrail 
Creek for a distance of 3.6 km (2.2 mi); Cub Creek for a distance of 
4.2 km (2.6 mi); and Casner Creek for a distance of 4.4 km (2.7 mi).
(v) Middle Salmon-Panther CHSU
    Approximately 1,097 km (682 mi) of stream is proposed as critical 
habitat in drainages associated with the middle section of the Salmon 
River, from its confluence with the Middle Fork Salmon River upstream 
to its confluence with the Pahsimeroi River. Landownership within the 
CHSU is approximately 79 percent Federal and 11 percent private. This 
CHSU supports 20 existing bull trout local populations, all of which 
are identified as essential for bull trout recovery in the Draft 
Recovery Plan (USFWS 2002). The stream segments proposed for critical 
habitat designation in this CHSU are described below.
    (A) The Salmon River from its confluence with Chamberlain Creek 
upstream 208 km (129 mi) to its confluence with the Pahsimeroi River. 
This stretch of the Salmon River provides FMO habitat and connectivity 
between the bull trout local populations in this area. This stretch 
also provides a migratory corridor for movement from upstream portions 
of the Salmon River to the Snake River. All other stream segments in 
this CHSU are tributaries of the Salmon River and primarily provide 
spawning and rearing habitat.
    (B) Horse Creek from its confluence with the Salmon River upstream 
40.9 km 25.4 mi) to its headwaters and extending 4.7 km (2.9 mi) up 
Cayuse Creek, and 3.9 km (2.4 mi) up Woods Fork Horse Creek.
    (C) Owl Creek from its confluence with the Salmon River upstream 
23.1 km (14.3 mi).
    (D) Panther Creek from its confluence with the Salmon River 
upstream 73.1 km (45.4 mi) and extending up into the following 
tributaries: Clear Creek for a distance of 27.7 km (17.2 mi); Beaver 
Creek for a distance of 15.5 km (9.6 mi); Trail Creek for a distance of 
8.8 km (5.5 mi); Napias Creek for a distance of 23.5 km (14.6 mi) and 
extending 10.9 km (6.8 mi) up Moccasin Creek, 11.5 km (7.1 mi) up 
Phelan Creek, 12.6 km (7.8 mi) up Arnett Creek, and 8.3 km (5.2 mi) up 
Rapps Creek; Deep Creek for a distance of 19.5 km (12.1 mi) and 
extending 13.6 km (8.4 mi) up Little Deep Creek, and 3.2 km (2 mi) up 
an unnamed tributary that enters Deep Creek from the northeast 
approximately 11 km (6.8 mi) upstream from Panther Creek; West Fork 
Blackbird Creek from upstream of the tailings pond 9.1 km (5.7 mi) to 
its headwaters; Woodtick Creek for a distance of 14.1 km (8.8 mi); 
Musgrove Creek for a distance of 17.6 km (10.9 mi); Porphyry Creek for 
a distance of 11.5 km (7.1 mi) and extending 3.8 km (2.4 mi) up South 
Fork Porphyry Creek; Fourth of July Creek for a distance of 6.0 km (3.7 
mi); Opal Creek for a distance of 3.3 km (2.0 mi); Weasel Creek for a 
distance of 2.8 km (1.7 mi); and Otter Creek for a distance of 5.7 km 
(3.5 mi).




[[Continued on page 71285]]


From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
]                         
 
[[pp. 71285-71334]] Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Proposed 
Designation of Critical Habitat for the Klamath River and Columbia 
River Distinct Population Segments of Bull Trout


[[Continued from page 71284]]


[[Page 71285]]


    (E) Pine Creek from its confluence with the Salmon River upstream 
17.6 km (10.9 mi).
    (F) Boulder Creek from its confluence with the Salmon River 
upstream 14.5 km (9.0 mi).
    (G) Spring Creek from its confluence with the Salmon River upstream 
10.6 km (6.6 mi).
    (H) Squaw Creek from its confluence with the Salmon River upstream 
14.9 km (9.3 mi).
    (I) Indian Creek from its confluence with the Salmon River upstream 
18.6 km (11.4 mi) and extending 5.6 km (3.5 mi) up West Fork Indian 
Creek, 7.6 km (4.7 mi) up Corral Creek, and 9.2 km (5.7 mi) up McConn 
Creek.
    (J) North Fork Salmon River from its confluence with the Salmon 
River upstream 39.4 km (24.5 mi) and extending up into the following 
tributaries: Hughes Creek for a distance of 18.2 km (11.3 mi); Sheep 
Creek for a distance of 10.9 km (6.8 mi) and extending 5.2 km (3.2 mi) 
up South Fork Sheep Creek and 9.2 km (5.7 mi) up North Fork Sheep 
Creek; Dahlonega Creek for a distance of 12.7 km (7.9 mi); Twin Creek 
for a distance of 11.9 km (7.4 mi); Vine Creek for a distance of 4.4 km 
(2.7 mi); Pierce Creek for a distance of 6.7 km (4.2 mi); West Fork, 
North Fork Salmon River Creek for a distance of 3.1 km (1.9 mi); and 
Moose Creek for a distance of 5.0 km (3.1 mi).
    (K) Fourth of July Creek from its confluence with the Salmon River 
upstream 17.8 km (11.1 mi).
    (L) Carmen Creek from its confluence with the Salmon River upstream 
24.2 km (15.0 mi) and extending 1.5 km (0.9 mi) up Freeman Creek.
    (M) Williams Creek from its confluence with the Salmon River 
upstream 9.9 km (6.1 mi) and extending 8.2 km (5.1 mi) up South Fork 
Williams Creek.
    (N) Twelvemile Creek from its confluence with the Salmon River 
upstream 14.1 km (8.8 mi).
    (O) Iron Creek from its confluence with the Salmon River upstream 
20.6 km (12.8 mi) and extending 11.7 km (7.3 mi) up North Fork Iron 
Creek, 8.8 km (up South Fork Iron Creek, and 7.7 km (4.8 mi) up West 
Fork Iron Creek.
    (P) McKim Creek from its confluence with the Salmon River upstream 
10.1 km (6.3 mi) and extending 9.8 km (6.1 mi) up North Fork McKim 
Creek.
    (Q) Hat Creek from its confluence with the Salmon River upstream 
17.6 km (10.9 mi) and extending 6.6 km (4.1 mi) up Big Hat Creek, 6.6 
km (4.4 mi) up Middle Fork Hat Creek, and 7.2 km (4.5 mi) up North Fork 
Hat Creek.
    (R) Allison Creek from its confluence with the Salmon River 
upstream 10.9 km (6.8 mi).
    (S) Cow Creek from its confluence with the Salmon River upstream 15 
km (9.3 mi).
(vi) Lemhi River CHSU
    Approximately 1,232 km (766 mi) of stream is proposed as critical 
habitat in drainages associated with the Lemhi River. Landownership 
within the CHSU is approximately 65 percent Federal, 32 percent 
private, and 3 percent State. This CHSU supports six existing bull 
trout local populations and three potential local populations, all of 
which are identified as essential for bull trout recovery in the Draft 
Recovery Plan (USFWS 2002). The stream segments proposed for critical 
habitat designation in this CHSU are described below.
    (A) The Lemhi River from its confluence with the Salmon River 
upstream 93.6 km (58.2 mi) to its headwaters (the confluence of Texas 
Creek and Eighteen Mile Creek). This segment provides FMO habitat, and 
provides connectivity between the local populations in the Lemhi 
watershed. All other stream segments in this CHSU are tributaries of 
the Lemhi River and primarily provide spawning and rearing habitat.
    (B) Geerston Creek from the point where an irrigation ditch turns 
west towards Kirtley Creek, upstream 7.7 km (4.8 mi) in the irrigation 
ditch to the point of diversion then upstream in Geertson Creek a total 
of 15.7 km (9.6 mi) to the outlet of a headwater lake for a total of 
23.4 km (14.5 mi).
    (C) Bohannon Creek from its confluence with the Lemhi River 
upstream 16.4 km (10.2 mi).
    (D) Kenney Creek from its confluence with the Lemhi River upstream 
15.7 km (9.7 mi) and extending 7.0 km (4.3 mi) up East Fork Kenney 
Creek.
    (E) Pattee Creek from its confluence with the Lemhi River upstream 
21.0 km (13.0 mi).
    (F) Hayden Creek from its confluence with the Lemhi River upstream 
31.8 km (19.7 mi) and extends up into the following tributaries: Bear 
Valley Creek for a distance of 14.4 km (8.9 mi) and extending 8.0 km 
(5.0 mi) up Kadletz Creek, 8.5 km (5.3 mi) up Wright creek, 2.9 km (1.8 
mi) up Short Creek, and 12.6 km (7.8 mi) up Deer Creek; East Fork 
Hayden Creek for a distance of 13.8 km (8.6 mi); Cooper Creek for a 
distance of 6.7 km (4.2 mi); West Fork Hayden Creek from its mouth 
upstream 1 km (0.6 mi) and Bray Creek for a distance of 5.2 km (3.3 
mi).
    (G) Mill Creek from the point where it is diverted for irrigation 
upstream 17.9 km (11.1 mi) to where it flows from a lake.
    (H) Big Springs Creek from its confluence with the Lemhi River 
upstream to its source and including historic portions of the stream 
channel now used to divert irrigation water for a total of 18.8 km 
(11.7 mi).
    (I) Little Eight Mile Creek from its confluence with the Lemhi 
River upstream 13.1 km (8.1 mi).
    (J) Big Eight Mile Creek from its confluence with the Lemhi River 
upstream 24.1 km (15.0 mi) and extending 4.1 km (2.5 mi) up Dairy 
Creek.
    (K) Big Timber Creek from its confluence with the Lemhi River 
upstream 34.1 km (21.2 mi) and extending 6.7 km (4.2 mi) up Little 
Timber Creek and 10.2 km (6.3 mi) of Middle Fork Little Timber Creek.
    (L) Canyon Creek from its confluence with the Lemhi River upstream 
24.2 km (15.0 mi) and extending up the following tributaries: 
Cruikshank Creek for a distance of 11.3 km (7.0 mi); and unnamed 
segments from four springs (Hood Gulch) from where it is diverted for 
irrigation then upstream about 2 km (1.2 mi) in a single waterway. Then 
Hood Gulch is spread out in a series of four springs/channels that each 
flow for a few kilometers up to their spring source. The entire network 
of springs and channels to the point of diversion totals 19.8 km (12.3 
mi).
    (M) Eighteen Mile Creek from its confluence with the Lemhi River 
upstream 43.2 km (26.8 mi) and extending up the following tributaries: 
Deer Creek, a tributary to Texas Creek, for a distance of 9.3 km (5.8 
mi); Hawley Creek for a distance of 14.9 km (9.3 mi) to the point where 
Reservoir Creek and Big Bear Creek meet, and extending up Reservoir 
Creek for 9.1 km (5.6 mi), up Big Bear Creek for 11.1 km (6.9 mi), and 
up Meadow Creek for 2.8 km (1.7 mi).
(vii) Opal Lake CHSU
    Proposed critical habitat in the Opal Lake CHSU consists of 6 ha 
(14 ac) Opal Lake and 4 km (2.5 mi) of upper Opal Creek that feeds into 
the lake. The CHSU is entirely on USFS land and supports one existing 
bull trout local population that is identified as essential for bull 
trout recovery in the Draft Recovery Plan (USFWS 2002). Opal Lake has 
no known outlet, so this bull trout population is isolated from other 
populations. Good spawning habitat is located upstream of the lake in 
upper Opal Creek, however, positive identification of redds has been 
unavailable to date (B. Roberts, USFS, in litt., 2000a).


[[Page 71286]]


(viii) Lake Creek CHSU
    Proposed critical habitat in the Lake Creek CHSU consists of 10.6 
km (6.6 mi) of Lake Creek, 4.3 km (2.7 mi) of North Fork Lake Creek, 
and Williams Lake (72 ha (177 ac)). This unit supports one existing 
bull trout local population that is identified as essential for 
recovery in the Draft Recovery Plan (USFWS 2002). Williams Lake has no 
known surface outlet, so this bull trout population is isolated from 
other populations. Good spawning habitat is located upstream of the 
lake in Lake Creek, and its north fork and bull trout have been 
observed in these streams (T. Curet, IDFG, pers. comm., 2002). 
Landownership in this CHSU is approximately 86 percent Federal and 13 
percent private.
(ix) Pahsimeroi River CHSU
    Approximately 362 km (225 mi) of stream is proposed as critical 
habitat in drainages associated with the Pahsimeroi River. 
Landownership within the CHSU is 66 percent Federal, 31 percent 
private, and 3 percent State. This CHSU supports eight existing bull 
trout local populations, all of which are identified as essential for 
bull trout recovery in the Draft Recovery Plan (USFWS 2002). The stream 
segments proposed for critical habitat designation in this CHSU are 
described below.
    (A) The Pahsimeroi River from its confluence with the Salmon River 
upstream 85 km (53.3 mi) to its headwaters. This segment provides FMO 
habitat, and provides connectivity between the local populations in the 
Pahsimeroi watershed. All other stream segments in this CHSU are 
tributaries of the Pahsimeroi River and are primarily spawning and 
rearing habitat.
    (B) Morgan Creek from its confluence with the Pahsimeroi River 
upstream 8.7 km (5.4 mi) and extending 9.7 km (6.0 mi) up the North 
Fork Morgan Creek and 6.8 km (4.2 mi) up the East Fork Morgan Creek.
    (C) Tater Creek from its confluence with the Pahsimeroi River 
upstream 13.8 km (8.6 mi) and including the irrigation ditches 
currently used to divert water at rkm 8.6 (rmi 5.3).
    (D) Morse Creek from its confluence with the Pahsimeroi River 
upstream 20 km (12.4 mi).
    (E) Falls Creek from its confluence with the Pahsimeroi River 
upstream 24.1 km (15.0 mi).
    (F) Patterson Creek from its confluence with the Pahsimeroi River 
upstream 43.2 km (26.8 mi) and extending 5.2 km (3.2 mi) up Inyo Creek.
    (G) Big Creek from its confluence with the Pahsimeroi River 
upstream 19.9 km (12.4 mi) to the confluence of North Fork Big Creek 
and South Fork Big Creek, and extending 14.2 km (8.8 mi) up the South 
Fork and 13.4 km (8.3 mi) up the North Fork.
    (H) Goldberg Creek from its confluence with the Pahsimeroi River 
upstream 27.3 km (17.0 mi) to the confluence of Big Gulch and Ditch 
Creeks and extending 11.2 km (7.0 mi) up Big Gulch and 10.7 km (6.6 mi) 
up Ditch Creek.
    (I) Burnt Creek from its confluence with the Pahsimeroi River 
upstream 17.2 km (10.7 mi) to the East Fork Burnt Creek confluence and 
extending 4.0 km (2.5 mi) up East Fork Burnt Creek.
    (J) Mahogany Creek from its confluence with the Pahsimeroi River 
upstream 14.7 km (9.1 mi).
    (K) West Fork Pahsimeroi River from its confluence with the 
Pahsimeroi River upstream 9.1 km (5.7 mi).
    (L) East Fork Pahsimeroi River from its confluence with the 
Pahsimeroi River upstream 10.8 km (6.7 mi).
(x) Upper Salmon River CHSU
    Approximately 1,220 km (758 mi) of stream is proposed as critical 
habitat in drainages associated with the Upper Salmon River. 
Landownership within the CHSU is approximately 79 percent Federal and 
14 percent private. This CHSU supports 18 existing bull trout local 
populations, all of which are identified as essential for bull trout 
recovery in the Draft Recovery Plan (USFWS 2002). The stream segments 
proposed for critical habitat designation in this CHSU are described 
below.
    (A) The Salmon River from its confluence with the Pahsimeroi River 
upstream 195 km (121 mi) to its headwaters. This stretch of the Salmon 
River primarily provides foraging and overwinter habitat, and 
connectivity between the bull trout local populations in this area, as 
well as a migratory corridor for movement to downstream portions of the 
Salmon River. The uppermost 31 km (19 mi) above the confluence with 
Alturas Lake Creek also supports spawning and rearing. All other stream 
segments in this CHSU are tributaries of the Salmon River and primarily 
provide spawning and rearing habitat.
    (B) Morgan Creek from its confluence with the Salmon River upstream 
31.7 km (19.7 mi) to its headwaters and extending up the following 
tributaries: West Fork Morgan Creek for a distance of 14.2 km (8.8 mi); 
Lick Creek for a distance of 9.4 km (5.8 mi); Van Horn Creek for a 
distance of 9.6 km (6.0 mi); Corral Creek for a distance of 12.7 km 
(7.9 mi) and extending 5.5 km (3.4 mi) up an unnamed tributary that 
enters Corral Creek from the east; and Alder Creek for a distance of 
4.4 km (2.7 mi).
    (C) Challis Creek from its confluence with the Salmon River 
upstream 22.6 km (14.0 mi) to its headwaters and extending up the 
following tributaries: Mill Creek for a distance of 23.9 km (14.8 mi); 
Bear Creek for a distance of 8.9 km (5.5 mi); and Lodgepole Creek for a 
distance of 6.4 km (4.0 mi).
    (D) Garden Creek from its confluence with the Salmon River upstream 
22.6 km (14.0 mi) to its headwaters.
    (E) East Fork Salmon River from its confluence with the Salmon 
River upstream 58.2 km (36.1 mi) to its headwaters and extending up the 
following tributaries: Herd Creek for a distance of 14.3 km (8.9 mi) 
and extending 4.2 km (2.6 mi) up East Pass Creek, 10 km (6.2 mi) up 
East Fork Herd Creek, 9.4 km (5.8 mi) up West Fork Herd Creek and 2.8 
km (1.7 mi) up Meridian Creek; Big Boulder Creek for a distance of 18.9 
km (11.7 mi); Little Boulder Creek for a distance of 10.1 km (6.3 mi); 
Wickiup Creek for a distance of 10.8 km (6.7 mi); Germania Creek for a 
distance of 23.4 km (14.5 mi) and extending up Chamberlain Creek for 
8.3 km (5.2 mi); Bowery Creek for a distance of 8.0 km (5 mi) and 
extending 6.5 km (4.0 mi) up Long Tom Creek and 3.9 km (2.4 mi) up 
North Fork Bowery Creek; West Pass Creek for a distance of 13.5 km (8.4 
mi) and extending 4.8 km (3.0 mi) up Roaring Creek; Ibex Creek for a 
distance of 6.1 km (3.8 mi); West Fork East Fork Salmon River for a 
distance of 8.6 km (5.3 mi); and South Fork East Fork Salmon River for 
a distance of 10.1 km (6.3 mi).
    (F) Kinnikinic Creek from its confluence with the Salmon River 
upstream 13.8 km (8.6 mi) to its headwaters.
    (G) Squaw Creek from its confluence with the Salmon River upstream 
25.7 km (16.0 mi) to its headwaters and extending 8.3 km (5.2 mi) up 
Martin Creek and 5.2 km (3.2 mi) up Willow Creek.
    (H) Thompson Creek from its confluence with the Salmon River 
upstream 19.6 km (12.2 mi) to its headwaters.
    (I) Slate Creek from its confluence with the Salmon River upstream 
13.3 km (8.3 mi) to its headwaters and extending 8.4 km (5.2 mi) up 
Silver Rule Creek and 5.9 km (3.7 mi) up Livingston Creek.
    (J) Warm Springs Creek from its confluence with the Salmon River 
upstream 34.4 km (21.4 mi) to its headwaters and extending 9.1 km (5.7 
mi) up Martin Creek, and 1.2 km (0.7 mi) up Pigtail Creek.


[[Page 71287]]


    (K) Yankee Fork Salmon River from its confluence with the Salmon 
River upstream 46.7 km (29.0 mi) to its headwaters and extending up the 
following tributaries: West Fork Yankee Fork for a distance of 21.1 km 
(13.1 mi) and extending 6.5 km (4.0 mi) up Deadwood Creek, 12.7 km (7.9 
mi) up Lightning Creek, and 8.3 km (5.2 mi) up Cabin Creek; Jordan 
Creek for a distance of 12.6 km (7.8 mi); Fivemile Creek for a distance 
of 7.6 km (4.7 mi); Sixmile Creek for a distance of 7 km (4.3 mi); 
Eightmile Creek for a distance of 10.8 km (6.7 mi); Ninemile Creek for 
a distance of 4.5 km (2.8 mi); Tenmile Creek for a distance of 6.7 km 
(4.2 mi); Elevenmile Creek for a distance of 4.6 km (2.9 mi); 
Twelvemile Creek for a distance of 5.8 km (3.6 mi); and McKay Creek for 
a distance of 7.5 km (4.7 mi) and extending 4.4 km (2.7 mi) up an 
unnamed tributary that enters McKay Creek from the south.
    (L) Basin Creek from its confluence with the Salmon River upstream 
23.4 km (14.5 mi) to its headwaters and extending up the following 
tributaries: East Basin Creek for a distance of 10.1 km (6.3 mi) and 
extending 3.3 km (2.0 mi) up an unnamed tributary that enters East 
Basin from the northwest; Short Creek for a distance of 3 km (1.9 mi); 
and Sunday Creek for a distance of 5.7 km (3.5 mi).
    (M) Valley Creek from its confluence with the Salmon River upstream 
39.6 km (24.6 mi) to a headwater lake and extending up the following 
tributaries: Goat Creek for a distance of 8.3 km (5.2 mi); Iron Creek 
for a distance of 10.1 km (6.3 mi); Crooked Creek for a distance of 6.1 
km (3.8 mi); Job Creek for a distance of 0.1 km (0.06 mi); Elk Creek 
for a distance of 20.2 km (12.5 mi); Meadow Creek for a distance of 4 
km and extending 8.8 km (5.5 mi) up Trap Creek; East Fork Valley Creek 
for a distance of 7.5 km (4.7 mi); and Prospect Creek for a distance of 
4.7 km (2.9 mi).
    (N) Redfish Lake Creek from its confluence with the Salmon River 
upstream 4.2 km (2.6 mi) to Little Redfish Lake and including: Little 
Redfish Lake (26 ha (64 ac)); Redfish Lake (612 ha (1,512 ac)); Redfish 
Lake Creek for 0.2 km (0.1 mi) upstream of Redfish Lake; and Fishhook 
Creek for a distance of 6.6 km (4.1 mi).
    (O) Fourth of July Creek from its confluence with the Salmon River 
upstream 19.9 km (12.4 mi) to its headwaters.
    (P) Alturas Lake Creek from its confluence with the Salmon River 
upstream 12.5 km (7.8 mi) to Alturas Lake and including the following 
tributaries and lakes: Yellowbelly Creek for 3.5 km (2.2) from Alturas 
Lake Creek upstream to Yellowbelly Lake and for 5.4 km (3.4 mi) from 
Yellowbelly Lake upstream to Farley Lake outlet; Yellowbelly Lake (79 
ha (195 ac)); Pettit Lake Creek for 1.9 km (1.2 mi) between Alturas 
Lake Creek and Pettit Lake and for 3.1 km (1.9 mi) upstream of Pettit 
Lake; Pettit Lake (152 ha (376 ac)); Cabin Creek for 4.0 km (2.5 mi) 
from Alturas Lake Creek to its headwaters; Alturas Lake (334 ha (825 
ac)); Alturas Lake Creek from Alturas Lake upstream 13.4 km (8.3 mi) to 
its headwater; Alpine Creek for 8.6 km (5.3 mi) from Alturas Lake Creek 
to its headwaters; Pole Creek from its confluence with the Salmon River 
upstream 16.9 km (10.5 mi) to its headwaters.
    (Q) Beaver Creek from its confluence with the Salmon River upstream 
14.4 km (8.9 mi) to its headwaters.
    (R) Smiley Creek from its confluence with the Salmon River upstream 
16.9 km (10.5 mi) to its headwaters.
    (S) Frenchman Creek from its confluence with the Salmon River 
upstream 11.5 km (7.1 mi) to its headwaters.


(21) Unit 17: Southwest Idaho River Basins


    The Southwest Idaho Unit includes a total of approximately 2,792 km 
(1,735 mi) of stream in the Boise, Payette, and Weiser River basins 
(Ada, Adams, Boise, Camas, Canyon, Elmore, Gem, Payette, Valley, and 
Washington counties) proposed for designation as critical habitat. The 
Boise River basin contains the Arrowrock, Anderson Ranch, and Lucky 
Peak critical habitat CHSUs. The Payette River Basin contains the upper 
South Fork Payette River, Deadwood River, Middle Fork Payette River, 
North Fork Payette River and Squaw Creek CHSUs; and the Weiser River 
basin contains the Weiser River CHSU. All proposed critical habitat 
designations are associated with populations of bull trout identified 
as essential to recovery in the Draft Recovery Plan (USFWS 2002), and 
are essential to the conservation of the species.
(i) Anderson Ranch CHSU
    This CHSU includes the South Fork Boise River watershed upstream of 
Anderson Ranch Dam. There are 15 local populations identified within 
this CHSU, all of which are considered essential for recovery of bull 
trout (USFWS 2002). Approximate landownership is as follows: 87 percent 
Federal, 11 percent private, 2 percent State. Proposed critical habitat 
in this CHSU includes the 1,865 ha (4,608 ac) Anderson Ranch Reservoir. 
Critical habitat within the Anderson Ranch CHSU includes the stream 
segments and water body described below that provide FMO habitat, and 
allow for the maintenance of genetic exchange by local and potential 
local populations both within and between CHSUs.
    (A) South Fork Boise River from the Anderson Ranch CHSU boundary 
8.7 km (5.4 mi) downstream of Anderson Ranch Reservoir upstream to and 
including the Reservoir, and upstream 77.6 km (48.2 mi) to the point 
6.4 km (4.0 mi) above the confluence with Bear Creek is migratory 
habitat (Partridge et al. 2000), and the 6.4 km reach above Bear Creek 
is suspected to support bull trout spawning and early rearing (C. 
Reighn, USFWS, in litt., 2002). Dog Creek from the confluence with 
South Fork Boise River upstream 9.0 km (5.6 mi) to the headwaters is 
spawning and early rearing habitat (Corley 1997; Boise National Forest 
(BNF), unpublished 2002).
    (B) Feather River from the confluence with South Fork Boise River 
upstream 10.3 km (6.4 mi) to the confluence of Feather River and Elk 
Creek is suspected to provide bull trout FMO habitat, as well as to 
support bull trout spawning and early rearing (C. Reighn, USFWS, in 
litt., 2002). The Feather River is essential to providing for the 
recovered distribution of bull trout (USFWS 2002).
    (C) Elk Creek from the confluence with the Feather River upstream 
11.4 km (7.1 mi) to the headwaters of Elk Creek is spawning and early 
rearing habitat (Corley 1997; BNF, unpublished 2002). East Fork Elk 
Creek from the confluence with Elk Creek upstream 4.7 km (2.9 mi) to 
the headwaters of East Fork Elk Creek is spawning and early rearing 
habitat (C. Reighn, USFWS, in litt., 2002).
    (D) Willow Creek from the confluence with the South Fork Boise 
River upstream 19.3 km (12.0 mi) to the headwaters of Willow Creek is 
spawning and early rearing habitat (Corley 1997; Partridge et al. 2000; 
BNF, unpublished 2002).
    (E) Big Water Gulch from the confluence with the South Fork Boise 
River upstream 10.2 km (6.3 mi) to the headwaters of Big Water Gulch is 
spawning and early rearing habitat (Corley 1997; BNF, unpublished 
2002).
    (F) Deadwood Creek from the confluence with the South Fork Boise 
River upstream 6.9 km (4.3 mi) to the headwaters of Deadwood Creek is 
known to support bull trout spawning and early rearing (Corley 1997; 
BNF, unpublished 2002).
    (G) Skeleton Creek from the confluence with South Fork Boise River 
upstream 15.0 km (9.3 mi) to the


[[Page 71288]]


headwaters of Skeleton Creek (Corley 1997; Partridge et al. 2000; BNF, 
unpublished 2002), Burnt Log Creek from the confluence with Skeleton 
Creek upstream 4.0 km (2.5 mi) (Partridge et al. 2000), West Fork 
Skeleton Creek from the confluence with Skeleton Creek upstream 5.0 km 
(3.1 mi) to the headwaters (Corley 1997; BNF, unpublished 2002), and 
East Fork Skeleton Creek from the confluence with West Fork Skeleton 
Creek upstream 4.8 km (3.0 mi) (D. Kenney, USFS, in litt., 2002) are 
known to support bull trout spawning and early rearing.
    (H) Boardman Creek from the confluence with South Fork Boise River 
upstream 14.4 km (8.9 mi) to the headwaters is spawning and early 
rearing habitat (Corley 1997; BNF, unpublished 2002; (Partridge et al. 
2000; D. Kenney, in litt., 2002). Smoky Dome Canyon from the confluence 
with Boardman Creek upstream 5.3 km (3.3 mi) to the headwaters is 
spawning and early rearing habitat (Corley 1997; BNF, unpublished 2002; 
D. Kenney, in litt., 2002).
    (I) Big Smoky Creek from the confluence with South Fork Boise River 
upstream 18.1 km (11.3 mi) to the confluence of Big Smoky Creek and 
North Fork Big Smoky Creek is known to provide bull trout FMO habitat 
(Partridge et al. 2000). Salt Creek from the confluence with Big Smoky 
Creek upstream 8.4 km (5.2 mi) to the headwaters is bull trout spawning 
and early rearing habitat (BNF, unpublished 2002). Little Smoky Creek 
from the confluence with Big Smoky Creek upstream 9.5 km (5.9 mi) to 
the confluence of Little Smoky Creek and Five Points Creek is known to 
provide bull trout FMO habitat (Sawtooth National Forest, in litt., 
2001; D. Kenney, in litt., 2002), and from this point upstream 25.4 km 
(15.8 mi) to the headwaters is spawning and early rearing habitat ( D. 
Kenney, in litt., 2002). Carrie Creek from the confluence with Little 
Smoky Creek upstream 11.4 km (7.1 mi) to the headwaters is essential to 
providing for the recovered distribution of bull trout (USFWS 2002), 
and is also recently discovered to support bull trout spawning and 
early rearing (D. Kenney, in litt., 2002). Big Peak Creek from the 
confluence with Big Smoky Creek upstream 7.4 km (4.6 mi) to the 
headwaters is essential to providing for the recovered distribution of 
bull trout (USFWS 2002), and has also recently been identified as 
supporting bull trout spawning and early rearing (Partridge et al. 
2000). Big Smoky Creek from the confluence with North Fork Big Smoky 
Creek upstream 17.3 km (10.8 mi) to the headwaters is spawning and 
early rearing habitat (Partridge et al. 2000). North Fork Big Smoky 
Creek from the confluence with Big Smoky Creek upstream 4.4 km (2.7 mi) 
to the confluence of North Fork Big Smoky Creek and Snowslide Creek is 
FMO habitat (Partridge et al. 2000; D. Kenney, in litt., 2002). 
Snowslide Creek from the confluence with North Fork Big Smoky Creek 
upstream 4.2 km (2.6 mi) to the headwaters is spawning and early 
rearing habitat (Partridge et al. 2000). Bluff Creek from the 
confluence with Big Smoky Creek upstream 7.0 km (4.4 mi) to the 
headwaters of Bluff Creek is known to support bull trout spawning and 
early rearing (Corley 1997; BNF, unpublished 2002). West Fork Big Smoky 
Creek from the confluence with Big Smoky Creek upstream 10.7 km (6.7 
mi) to the headwaters of West Fork Big Smoky Creek is spawning and 
early rearing habitat (Corley 1997; Partridge et al. 2000; BNF, 
unpublished 2002). Loggy Creek from the confluence with West Fork Big 
Smoky Creek upstream 4.5 km (2.8 mi) to the headwaters is spawning and 
early rearing habitat (Partridge et al. 2000; D. Kenney, in litt., 
2002).
    (J) Bear Creek from the confluence with South Fork Boise River 
upstream 10.1 km (6.3 mi) to the headwaters, and Goat Creek from the 
confluence with Bear Creekupstream 2.8 km (1.8 mi) to the headwaters 
are bull trout spawning and early rearing habitat (Corley 1997; 
Partridge et al. 2000; BNF, unpublished 2002).
    (K) Emma Creek from the confluence with South Fork Boise River 
upstream 9.5 km (5.9 mi) to the headwaters of Emma Creek is known to 
support bull trout spawning and early rearing (Corley 1997; Partridge 
et al. 2000; BNF, unpublished 2002; D. Kenney, in litt., 2002). An 
unnamed creek from its confluence with Emma Creek (4.5 km (2.8 mi) 
upstream of the confluence of Emma Creek with South Fork Boise River) 
upstream 1.8 km (1.1 mi) to its headwaters is known to support bull 
trout spawning and early rearing (BNF, in litt. 2002; Corley 1997).
    (L) Ross Fork Creek from the confluence with South Fork Boise River 
upstream 6.0 km (3.7 mi) to the headwaters, Little Bear Creek from the 
confluence with Ross Fork Creek upstream 5.4 km (3.3 mi) to the 
headwaters (Partridge et al. 2000; D. Kenney, in litt., 2002), and Bass 
Creek from the confluence with Ross Fork Creek upstream 6.5 km (4.0 mi) 
to the headwaters are spawning and early rearing habitat (Corley 1997; 
Partridge et al. 2000; BNF, unpublished 2002). South Fork Ross Fork 
Creek from the confluence with Ross Fork Creek upstream 8.4 km (5.2 mi) 
to the headwaters (Corley 1997; BNF, unpublished 2002), and North Fork 
Ross Fork Creek from the confluence with Ross Fork Creek upstream 7.6 
km (4.7 mi) to the headwaters are spawning and early rearing habitat 
(Corley 1997).
    (M) Johnson Creek from the confluence with South Fork Boise River 
upstream 11.9 km (7.4 mi) to the headwaters, and Vienna Creek from the 
confluence with Johnson Creek upstream 6.1 km (3.8 mi) to the 
headwaters are bull trout spawning and early rearing habitat (Corley 
1997; Partridge et al. 2000; BNF, unpublished 2002; D. Kenney, in 
litt., 2002).
(ii) Arrowrock CHSU
    The Arrowrock CHSU includes the Boise River watersheds upstream of 
Arrowrock Dam, including the North Fork Boise River, Middle Fork Boise 
River, and South Fork Boise River downstream of Anderson Ranch Dam. 
There are 15 local populations identified within the Arrowrock CHSU. 
Landownership in this CHSU is approximately as follows: 91 percent 
Federal (USFS, BLM, BOR), 6 percent private, and 3 percent State. 
Proposed critical habitat includes Arrowrock Reservoir (3,489 ha (8,617 
ac).
    (A) Arrowrock Reservoir provides bull trout FMO habitat (Flatter 
1998; Salow 2001), as does the South Fork Boise River from Arrowrock 
Reservoir upstream 39.0 km (24.2 mi) to Anderson Ranch Dam (Flatter 
1998).
    (B) Rattlesnake Creek from the confluence of Rattlesnake Creek and 
South Fork Boise River upstream 26.4 km (16.4 mi) to the headwaters 
(Flatter 1998; BNF, unpublished 2002), and Russell Gulch from the 
confluence of Russell Gulch and Rattlesnake Creek upstream 4.0 km (2.5 
mi) to the headwaters comprise bull trout spawning and early rearing 
habitat (Steed et al. 1998).
    (C) Sheep Creek from the confluence of Sheep Creek and the Boise 
River upstream 6.9 km (4.3 mi) to the confluence of Sheep Creek and 
Devils Creek is FMO habitat (Flatter 1998). Sheep Creek from the 
confluence of Sheep Creek and Devils Creek upstream to the headwaters 
is spawning and early rearing habitat (BNF, unpublished 2002). Devils 
Creek from the confluence of Devils Creek and Sheep Creek upstream 5.88 
km (3.8 mi) to the headwaters is known to support bull trout spawning 
and early rearing (Steed et al. 1998). East Fork Sheep Creek from the 
confluence of East Fork Sheep Creek and Sheep Creek upstream 5.76 km 
(3.6


[[Page 71289]]


mi) to the headwaters is spawning and early rearing habitat (Steed et 
al. 1998).
    (D) Middle Fork Boise River from the confluence with the Boise 
River upstream 55.1 km (34.2 mi) is bull trout FMO habitat (Flatter 
1998; Salow 2001). Middle Fork Boise River from the confluence of 
Middle Fork Boise River and Yuba River upstream 24.1 km (15.0 mi) to 
the headwaters. This reach contains primary constituent elements for 
bull trout (BNF, unpublished 2002), has recently been occupied by bull 
trout due to the installation of a fish ladder completed in 1999 (B. 
Flatter, IDFG, pers. comm., 2002), and provides for population 
expansion essential to conservation of the species (USFWS 2002).
    (E) Roaring River from the confluence of Roaring River and Middle 
Fork Boise River upstream to the headwaters support bull trout spawning 
and early rearing (Flatter 1998; BNF, unpublished 2002). East Fork 
Roaring River from the confluence of East Fork Roaring River and 
Roaring River upstream 12.0 km (7.4 mi) to the headwaters (Flatter 
1998; BNF, unpublished 2002), and Middle Fork Roaring River from the 
confluence of Middle Fork Roaring River and East Fork Roaring River 
upstream 8.6 km (5.4 mi) to the headwaters constitute spawning and 
early rearing habitat (Steed et al. 1998).
    (F) Buck Creek from the confluence of Buck Creek and the Middle 
Fork Boise River upstream 11.6 km (7.2 mi) to the headwaters is 
spawning and early rearing habitat (Steed et al. 1998).
    (G) Black Warrior Creek from the confluence of Black Warrior Creek 
and the Middle Fork Boise River upstream 18.8 km (11.6 mi) (BNF, 
unpublished 2002), and West Warrior Creek from the confluence of West 
Warrior Creek and Black Warrior Creek upstream 8.6 km (5.3 mi) to the 
headwaters (Steed et al. 1998) are spawning and early rearing habitats. 
An unnamed creek (SI-A-17) from the confluence with Black Warrior Creek 
(8.8 km (5.4 mi) upstream of the confluence of Black Warrior Creek with 
Middle Fork Boise River) upstream 3.0 km (1.9 mi) to the headwaters is 
spawning and early rearing habitat (BNF, unpublished 2002).
    (H) Bald Mountain Creek from the confluence with the Middle Fork 
Boise River upstream 10.0 km (6.2 mi) to the headwaters is essential 
habitat for expanding distribution of bull trout (USFWS 2002), and is 
also recently known to support bull trout spawning and early rearing 
(BNF, unpublished 2002).
    (I) Queens River from the confluence of Queens River and the Middle 
Fork Boise River upstream 23.4 km (14.6 mi) to the headwaters (Flatter 
1998; Steed et al. 1998; BNF, unpublished 2002), Little Queens River 
from the confluence of Little Queens River and Queens River upstream 
14.8 km (9.2 mi) to the headwaters (Flatter 1998; BNF, unpublished 
2002), and Scott Creek from the confluence of Scott Creek and Little 
Queens River upstream 2.5 km (1.5 mi) to the headwaters (Steed et al. 
1998), are known to support bull trout spawning and early rearing. 
Tripod Creek from the confluence of Tripod Creek and Little Queens 
River upstream 3.1 km (1.9 mi) to the headwaters (Steed et al. 1998), 
and Scenic Creek from the confluence of Scenic Creek and Little Queens 
River upstream 4.2 km (2.6 mi) to the headwaters (BNF, unpublished 
2002) support bull trout spawning and early rearing.
    (J) Yuba River from the confluence of the Yuba River and Middle 
Fork Boise River upstream 14.0 km (8.7 mi) to the headwaters, Decker 
Creek from the confluence of Decker Creek and the Yuba River upstream 
12 km (7.5 mi) to the headwaters, and Grouse Creek from the confluence 
of Grouse Creek and Decker Creek upstream 5.7 km (3.5 mi) upstream to 
the headwaters are known to support bull trout spawning and early 
rearing (BNF, unpublished 2002). Sawmill Creek from the confluence of 
Sawmill Creek and Grouse Creek upstream 6.5 km (4.1 mi) to the 
headwaters is also spawning and early rearing habitat (BNF, unpublished 
2002).
    (K) Trail Creek from the confluence with the Yuba River upstream 
7.5 km (4.7 mi) to the headwaters is known to support bull trout 
spawning and early rearing (BNF, unpublished 2002).
    (L) Mattingly Creek from the confluence with the Middle Fork Boise 
River upstream 9.7 km (6.0 mi) to the headwaters is known to contain 
primary constituent elements as identified for bull trout (BNF, 
unpublished 2002) and is essential to provide for the conservation of 
bull trout (USFWS 2002).
    (M) North Fork Boise River from the confluence with the Middle Fork 
Boise River upstream 57.8 km (35.9 mi) to the confluence with Johnson 
Creek provides FMO habitat (Flatter 1998; BNF, unpublished 2002). 
Rabbit Creek from the confluence with the North Fork Boise River 
upstream 1.3 km (0.8 mi) to the confluence with First Creek and 
Hungarian Creek from the confluence with the North Fork Boise River 
upstream 0.8 km (0.5 mi) provide thermal refugia habitat for migratory 
bull trout in the North Fork Boise River (Flatter 1998; BNF, 
unpublished 2002).
    (N) North Fork Boise River from the confluence with Johnson Creek 
upstream 7.0 km (4.3 mi) provides FMO and spawning and early rearing 
habitat (Flatter 1998; BNF, unpublished 2002); from the confluence of 
the North Fork Boise River and Big Silver Creek upstream to the 
headwaters supports spawning and early rearing (BNF, unpublished 2002). 
Crooked River from the confluence with the North Fork Boise River 
upstream 26.5 km (16.4 mi) to the confluence of Crooked River and an 
unnamed creek 2.5 km (1.6 mi) upstream of Willow Creek, and Ski Creek 
from the confluence with the Crooked River upstream 3.6 km (2.2 mi) to 
the headwaters provide habitat essential to provide for the recovery of 
bull trout (USFWS 2002), and are also recently known to provide bull 
trout FMO habitat, as well as to support spawning and early rearing 
(Salow 2001; BNF, unpublished 2002). Crooked River from the confluence 
with an unnamed creek 2.5 km (1.6 mi) upstream of Willow Creek upstream 
to the headwaters provides spawning and early rearing habitat (Salow 
2001; BNF, unpublished 2002). Pikes Fork Creek from the confluence with 
the Crooked River upstream 14.1 km (8.8 mi) to the headwaters and 
Banner Creek from the confluence with Pikes Fork Creek upstream 1.9 km 
(1.2 mi) are recently known to support bull trout spawning and early 
rearing (Steed et al. 1998; BNF, unpublished 2002) and provide habitat 
essential for the conservation of bull trout (USFWS 2002).
    (O) Bear River from the confluence with the North Fork Boise River 
upstream 6.2 km (3.8 mi) to the confluence of Bear River and Bear Creek 
provides both FMO and spawning and early rearing habitat (Flatter 
1998). Bear River from the confluence with Bear Creek upstream 15.9 km 
(9.9 mi), and Louise Creek from the confluence with Bear River upstream 
3.4 km (2.1 mi) to the headwaters, support bull trout spawning and 
early rearing (Steed et al. 1998; BNF, unpublished 2002). Cub Creek 
from the confluence with the Bear River upstream 4.8 km (3.0 mi) to the 
headwaters, and South Fork Cub Creek from the confluence with Cub Creek 
upstream 3.5 km (2.2 mi) to the headwaters, are known to support bull 
trout spawning and early rearing (Steed et al. 1998; Salow 2001; BNF, 
unpublished 2002). Bear Creek, from the confluence with the Bear River 
upstream 13.2 km (8.2 mi) to the headwaters, provides spawning and 
early rearing habitat (Salow 2001; BNF, unpublished 2002).
    (P) Trail Creek from the confluence with the North Fork Boise River


[[Page 71290]]


upstream approximately 0.8 km (0.5 mi) provides thermal refugia for 
migratory bull trout in the North Fork Boise River (BNF, unpublished 
2002).
    (Q) Lodgepole Creek from the confluence with the North Fork Boise 
River upstream 5.6 km (3.5 mi) to the headwaters provides spawning and 
early rearing habitat (Flatter 1998; Salow 2001; BNF, unpublished 
2002).
    (R) Johnson Creek from the confluence with the North Fork Boise 
River upstream 20.0 km (12.4 mi) to the headwaters provides spawning 
and early rearing habitat (Flatter 1998; Salow 2001; BNF, unpublished 
2002).
    (S) Big Silver Creek from the confluence with the North Fork Boise 
River upstream 7.0 km (4.3 mi) to the headwaters, and Little Silver 
Creek from the confluence with Big Silver Creek upstream 4.1 km (2.6 
mi) to the headwaters, provide spawning and early rearing habitat 
(Salow 2001; BNF, unpublished 2002).
    (T) Cow Creek from the confluence with the North Fork Boise River 
upstream 7.5 km (4.6 mi) to the headwaters is bull trout spawning and 
early rearing habitat (BNF, unpublished 2002).
    (U) Ballentyne Creek from the confluence with the North Fork Boise 
River upstream 9.9 km (6.2 mi) to the headwaters of Ballentyne Creek 
provides spawning and early rearing habitat (Flatter 1998; Salow 2001; 
BNF, unpublished 2002).
    (V) West Fork Creek from the confluence with the North Fork Boise 
River upstream 3.3 km (2.1 mi) to the headwaters supports bull trout 
spawning and early rearing (BNF, unpublished 2002).
    (W) McLeod Creek from the confluence with the North Fork Boise 
River upstream 5.9 km (3.6 mi) to the headwaters provides spawning and 
early rearing habitat (Flatter 1998; BNF, unpublished 2002).
    (X) McPhearson Creek from the confluence with the North Fork Boise 
River upstream 5.5 km (3.4 mi) to the headwaters provides bull trout 
spawning and early rearing habitat (BNF, unpublished 2002).
(iii) Lucky Peak CHSU
    The Lucky Peak CHSU includes Lucky Peak Reservoir and tributaries 
entering it, namely the Mores Creek watershed. Migratory bull trout in 
Lucky Peak Reservoir are entrained from Arrowrock Dam, and some may 
also be produced in the Mores Creek watershed. Bull trout were located 
in Mores Creek in 2000 (T. Burton, BNF, in litt., 2000) and this is the 
only known local population in this CHSU. Approximate landownership in 
this CHSU is as follows: 57 percent Federal, 18 percent State, and 25 
percent private.
    (A) Lucky Peak Reservoir (3,234 ha (7,911 ac)) and Mores Creek from 
its mouth in Lucky Peak Reservoir upstream approximately 55 km (34 mi) 
to a culvert on Highway 21 where Hayfork Creek enters the system 
provide FMO habitat (BOR 2000; H. Roerick, USFS, pers. comm., 2002). 
Mores Creek from this point upstream 7 km (4.4 mi) to the headwaters 
supports bull trout spawning and early rearing (BNF, unpublished 2002).
(iv) Deadwood River CHSU
    This CHSU includes all watersheds in the Deadwood River drainage 
upstream of Deadwood Dam. There are five local and seven potential 
local populations identified within this CHSU. Approximate 
landownership is as follows: 95 percent Federal and 5 percent private.
    (A) Deadwood Reservoir (1,640 ha (4,054 ac)) provides FMO habitat 
(Allen 1998). The Deadwood River from Deadwood Dam upstream 40 km (25 
mi) to the confluence with the East Fork Deadwood River provides FMO 
habitat.
    (B) Trail Creek from the confluence with the Deadwood River 
upstream 13 km (8 mi) to the headwaters and Daisy Creek from the 
confluence with Trail Creek upstream 4.9 km (3 mi) to the headwaters 
provide bull trout spawning and early rearing habitat (Allen 1998; 
Jimenez and Zaroban 1998; Burton 1999a; BNF, unpublished 2002).
    (C) South Fork Beaver Creek from the confluence with the Deadwood 
River upstream 6 km (3.8 mi) to the headwaters is habitat essential to 
providing for the recovery of bull trout (USFWS 2002), and has recently 
been found to provide spawning and early rearing habitat (Allen 1998; 
BNF, unpublished 2002). An unnamed creek from the confluence with South 
Fork Beaver Creek (at approximately 2.8 km (1.7 mi) upstream of the 
confluence of South Fork Beaver Creek with the Deadwood River) upstream 
4.4 km (2.7 mi) to the headwaters is known to contain primary 
constituent elements as identified for bull trout (Jimenez and Zaroban 
1998; Burton 1999a) and is habitat necessary to provide for expansion 
of bull trout populations necessary for recovery (USFWS 2002).
    (D) Beaver Creek from the confluence with the Deadwood River 
upstream 7.8 km (4.9 mi) to the headwaters provides spawning and early 
rearing habitat (Allen 1998). An unnamed creek from the confluence with 
Beaver Creek (2.8 km (1.7 mi) upstream of the confluence of Beaver 
Creek with the Deadwood River) upstream 3.5 km (2.2 mi) to the 
headwaters is habitat necessary to provide for expansion of bull trout 
populations necessary for recovery (USFWS 2002), and is known to 
contain primary constituent elements as identified for bull trout 
(Jimenez and Zaroban 1998; Burton 1999a).
    (E) Habit Creek from the confluence with Beaver Creek upstream 6 km 
(3.7 mi) to the headwaters is habitat essential to providing for the 
recovery of bull trout (USFWS 2002), and has also recently been found 
to currently provide spawning and early rearing habitat (Allen 1998).
    (F) Basin Creek from the confluence with Beaver Creek upstream 3 km 
(1.9 mi) to the headwaters provides spawning and rearing habitat.
    (G) Wild Buck Creek from the confluence with the Deadwood River 
upstream 6.3 km (3.9 mi) to the headwaters provides spawning and early 
rearing habitat (Allen 1998; Jimenez and Zaroban 1998; Burton 1999a; 
BNF, unpublished 2002).
    (H) Deer Creek from the confluence with the Deadwood River upstream 
16.5 km (10 mi) to the headwaters contains spawning and early rearing 
habitat (Allen 1998; Jimenez and Zaroban 1998; Burton 1999a; BNF, 
unpublished 2002). An unnamed creek from the confluence with Deer Creek 
(3.3 km (2.0 mi) upstream of the confluence of Deer Creek with the 
Deadwood River) upstream 2.0 km (1.3 mi) to the headwaters provides 
bull trout spawning and early rearing habitat (BNF, unpublished 2002). 
An unnamed creek from the confluence with Deer Creek (5.8 km (3.6 mi) 
upstream of the confluence of Deer Creek with the Deadwood River) 
upstream 2.0 km (1.3 mi) to the headwaters provides spawning and 
rearing habitat (BNF, unpublished 2002). North Fork Deer Creek from the 
confluence with Deer Creek upstream 5.5 km (3.4 mi) to the headwaters 
contains spawning and early rearing habitat (Allen 1998; Jimenez and 
Zaroban 1998; Burton 1999a; BNF, unpublished 2002). An unnamed creek 
from the confluence with Deer Creek (7.8 km (4.8 mi) upstream of the 
confluence of Deer Creek with the Deadwood River) upstream 1.8 km (1.1 
mi) to the headwaters supports spawning and rearing habitat (Jimenez 
and Zaroban 1998; Burton 1999a; BNF, unpublished 2002).
    (I) Goat Creek from the confluence with the Deadwood River upstream 
6.4 km (4.0 mi) to the headwaters provides spawning and early rearing 
habitat (BNF, unpublished 2002) and is habitat essential to the 
conservation of bull trout (USFWS 2002).


[[Page 71291]]


    (J) Bitter Creek from the confluence with the Deadwood River 
upstream 6.0 km (3.7 mi) to the headwaters is habitat necessary to 
provide for expansion of bull trout populations (USFWS 2002), and is 
known to contain primary constituent elements for bull trout (Jimenez 
and Zaroban 1998; Burton 1999a).
    (K) Stratton Creek from the confluence with the Deadwood River 
upstream 5.3 km (3.3 mi) to the headwaters provides spawning and early 
rearing habitat (Allen 1998) and is essential to the conservation of 
bull trout (USFWS 2002).
    (L) East Fork Deadwood River from the confluence with the Deadwood 
River upstream 0.4 km (0.2 mi) to a waterfall barrier is habitat 
necessary to provide for expansion of bull trout populations (USFWS 
2002), and is known to contain primary constituent elements for bull 
trout (Jimenez and Zaroban 1998; Burton 1999a).
(v) Middle Fork Payette River CHSU
    This CHSU includes the watersheds upstream from the confluence with 
the Payette River. There are one local and five potential local 
populations identified within the Middle Fork Payette River CHSU. 
Approximate landownership in this CHSU is as follows: 90 percent 
Federal, 7 percent private, and 3 percent State.
    (A) The Middle Fork Payette River from its confluence with the 
South Fork Payette River upstream 56.3 km (35.0 mi) to the confluence 
with Bull Creek provides FMO habitat (Jimenez and Zaroban 1998). Middle 
Fork Payette River from the confluence with Bull Creek upstream 6.8 km 
(4.2 mi) to the confluence with Ligget Creek provides FMO habitat and 
may provide spawning and rearing habitat (Jimenez and Zaroban 1998; 
USFS 2000b, 2002; J. Roy, USFWS, in litt., 2002). From Ligget Creek 
upstream 10.8 km (6.7 mi) to the headwaters the Middle Fork Payette 
River provides bull trout spawning and early rearing habitat (Jimenez 
and Zaroban 1998; USFS 2000b, 2002; BNF, unpublished 2002; J. Roy, in 
litt., 2002). An unnamed creek from its confluence with the Middle Fork 
Payette River (71.5 km (44.4 mi) upstream of the confluence of the 
Middle Fork Payette River and the South Fork Payette River) upstream 
7.2 km (4.5 mi) to the headwaters is known to support bull trout 
spawning and early rearing (Jimenez and Zaroban 1998; USFS 2000b, 2002; 
BNF, unpublished 2002; J. Roy, in litt., 2002). An unnamed creek from 
its confluence with the Middle Fork Payette River (72.5 km (45.0 mi) 
upstream of the confluence of the Middle Fork Payette River and the 
South Fork Payette River) upstream 3.2 km (2.0 mi) to the headwaters 
provides occupied spawning and early rearing habitat (Jimenez and 
Zaroban 1998; USFS 2000b, 2002; BNF, unpublished 2002; J. Roy, in 
litt., 2002). An unnamed creek from its confluence with the Middle Fork 
Payette River (73.3 km (45.5 mi) upstream of the confluence of the 
Middle Fork Payette River and the South Fork Payette River) upstream 
3.2 km (2.0 mi) to its headwaters provides spawning and early rearing 
habitat (Jimenez and Zaroban 1998; USFS 2002; BNF, in litt., 2002; J. 
Roy, in litt., 2002).
    (B) Lightning Creek from the confluence with the Middle Fork 
Payette River upstream 21.7 km (13.4 mi) to the headwaters, and Onion 
Creek from the confluence with Lightning Creek upstream 7.9 km (4.9 mi) 
to the headwaters of Onion Creek is known to contain primary 
constituent elements for bull trout (Jimenez and Zaroban 1998; USFS 
2000b), and is essential to habitat to provide for expansion of 
populations essential to the conservation of the species (USFWS 2002).
    (C) Silver Creek from the confluence with the Middle Fork Payette 
River upstream to the headwaters; Peace Creek from the confluence with 
Silver Creek upstream 6.8 km (4.2 mi) to the headwaters; Valley Creek 
from the confluence with Peace Creek upstream 8.5 km (5.3 mi) to the 
headwaters; Ucon Creek from the confluence with Silver Creek upstream 
5.0 km (3.1 mi) to the headwaters, and Long Fork Silver Creek from the 
confluence with Silver Creek upstream 8.5 km (5.3 mi), all are known to 
contain primary constituent elements for bull trout (Jimenez and 
Zaroban 1998; USFS 2000b) and are required for expanded bull trout 
populations that are essential to the conservation of the species 
(USFWS 2002).
    (D) Bull Creek from the confluence with the Middle Fork Payette 
River upstream 19.5 km (12 mi) to the headwaters provides FMO habitat 
in the lower reaches and spawning and rearing habitat in the upper 
areas (Jimenez and Zaroban 1998; USFS 2000b, 2002; J. Roy, in litt., 
2002). Oxtail Creek from the confluence with Bull Creek upstream 4.5 km 
(2.8 mi) to the headwaters provides spawning and early rearing habitat 
(Jimenez and Zaroban 1998; USFS 2000b, 2002; J. Roy, in litt., 2002). 
Sixteen-to-one Creek from the confluence with Bull Creek upstream 7.8 
km (4.8 mi) to the headwaters contains spawning and early rearing 
habitat (J. Roy, USFWS, in litt., 2002; USFS 2002b).
(vi) Weiser River CHSU
    The Weiser River CHSU in Washington and Adams counties in 
southwestern Idaho includes all watersheds upstream of and including 
the Little Weiser River watershed. There are five local and seven 
potential local populations identified within the CHSU. Approximate 
landownership in the CHSU is as follows: 53 percent Federal, 39 percent 
private, and 8 percent State.
    (A) The Weiser River from the confluence with the Little Weiser 
River upstream 64.5 km (40.0 mi) to the confluence of the East Fork 
Weiser River provides connectivity between the Upper Hornet Creek and 
East Fork Weiser River local populations, and the Pine Creek, Rush 
Creek, West Fork Weiser River, and Lost Creek potential local 
populations. The Little Weiser River from the confluence with the 
Weiser River upstream 55.6 km (34.5 mi) to the confluence with Anderson 
Creek provides connectivity between the Upper Little Weiser River, 
Anderson Creek, and Sheep Creek local populations, and the Weiser River 
and its associated local and potential local populations. The upper 
Little Weiser River from the confluence with Anderson Creek upstream 
16.2 km (10.0 mi) to the headwaters support bull trout spawning and 
early rearing (DuPont and Kennedy 2000).
    (B) Anderson Creek from the confluence with the Little Weiser River 
upstream 11.2 km (7.0 mi) to the headwaters provides spawning and early 
rearing habitat (Adams 1994; DuPont and Kennedy 2000).
    (C) Sheep Creek from the confluence with Anderson Creek upstream 
16.2 km (10.0 mi) to the headwaters provides spawning and early rearing 
habitat (Adams 1994; DuPont and Kennedy 2000).
    (D) East Fork Pine Creek from the confluence with Pine Creek 
upstream 17.1 km (10.6 mi) to the headwaters contains primary 
constituent elements for bull trout (DuPont and Kennedy 2000; McGee et 
al. 2001) and is essential to the conservation of bull trout (USFWS 
2002).
    (E) Rush Creek from the confluence with the Weiser River upstream 
30.0 km (18.6 mi) to the headwaters contains primary constituent 
elements for bull trout (Veach et al. 1998; DuPont and Kennedy 2000) 
and Williams and Veach (1999) identify Rush Creek as a watershed where 
bull trout spawning and rearing is likely to occur, although it has not 
yet been documented. This habitat is essential to the conservation of 
bull trout (USFWS).


[[Page 71292]]


    (F) The Middle Fork Weiser River from its confluence with the 
Weiser River upstream 40.9 km (25.4 mi) contains primary constituent 
elements for bull trout, although brook trout presence is problematic 
(D. Burns, USFS, pers. comm., 2002), and is essential to provide for 
the recovered distribution of bull trout (USFWS 2002).
    (G) Hornet Creek from the confluence with the Weiser River upstream 
24.7 km (15.3 mi) to the confluence with Disappointment Creek is 
suspected to provide FMO habitat (J. DuPont, Idaho Department of Lands, 
in litt., 2000), and is essential to providing connectivity within the 
Weiser River CHSU. Hornet Creek from the confluence with Disappointment 
Creek upstream 7.8 km (4.8 mi) to the headwaters provides spawning and 
early rearing habitat (J. DuPont, in litt., 2000). Olive Creek from the 
confluence of Olive Creek and Hornet Creek upstream 8.4 km (5.2 mi) to 
the headwater provides FMO habitat in the lower reaches, and spawning 
and rearing habitat in the upper reaches (J. DuPont, in litt., 1998). 
An unnamed creek from the confluence with Olive Creek (3.3 km (2.0 mi) 
upstream of the confluence of Olive Creek with Hornet Creek) upstream 
1.8 km (1.1 mi) to the headwaters provides spawning and early rearing 
habitat (J. DuPont, in litt., 2000). An unnamed creek from the 
confluence with Olive Creek (5.3 km (3.3 mi) upstream of the confluence 
of Olive Creek with Hornet Creek) upstream 2.6 km (1.6 mi) to the 
headwaters is habitat essential to provide for the recovered 
distribution of bull trout (USFWS 2002). It is suspected to provide 
bull trout FMO habitat below 1,524 m (5,000 feet (ft)) in elevation, 
and habitat suitable for spawning and rearing above 1,524 m (5,000 ft) 
in elevation (J. DuPont, in litt., 2000). Placer Creek from the 
confluence with Hornet Creek upstream 5.1 km (3.2 mi) to the headwaters 
provides bull trout spawning and rearing habitat (J. DuPont, in litt. 
2000). North Creek from the confluence with Placer Creek upstream 3.4 
km (2.1 mi) to the headwaters provides spawning and rearing habitat (J. 
DuPont, in litt., 2000). Disappointment Creek from the confluence with 
Hornet Creek upstream 4.2 km (2.6 mi) to the headwaters is habitat 
essential to provide for the recovered distribution of bull trout 
(USFWS 2002), and is suspected to provide bull trout FMO habitat below 
1,524 m (5,000 ft) in elevation, and habitat suitable for spawning and 
rearing above 1,524 m (5,000 ft) (J. DuPont, in litt., 2000). Grouse 
Creek from the confluence with Hornet Creek upstream 5.2 km (3.2 mi) to 
the headwaters is habitat essential to provide for the recovered 
distribution of bull trout (USFWS 2002), and is suspected to provide 
bull trout FMO habitat below 1,524 m (5,000 ft) in elevation, and 
habitat suitable for spawning and rearing above 1,524 m (5,000 ft) in 
elevation (J. DuPont, in litt., 2000). Mill Creek from the confluence 
with Hornet Creek upstream to the confluence with West Fork Mill Creek 
is suspected to provide bull trout FMO habitat (J. DuPont, in litt., 
2000). Above that point, upstream 4.3 km (2.7 mi) is habitat essential 
to provide for the recovered distribution of bull trout (USFWS 2002), 
and is suspected to provide bull trout FMO habitat below 1,524 m (5,000 
ft) in elevation, and habitat suitable for spawning and rearing above 
1,524 m (5,000 ft) in elevation (J. DuPont, in litt., 2000).
    (H) West Fork Weiser River from the confluence with the Weiser 
River upstream 13.8 km (8.6 mi) to the confluence with Lost Creek is 
essential habitat for providing connectivity within the Weiser River 
CHSU (USFWS 2002). Above this point, upstream to the headwaters is 
habitat known to contain primary constituent elements for bull trout 
(DuPont and Kennedy 2000; McGee et al. 2001) and essential to the 
recovered distribution of bull trout (USFWS 2002).
    (I) Lost Creek from the confluence with the West Fork Weiser River 
upstream 34.5 km (21.5 mi) to the headwaters is habitat essential to 
provide for the recovered distribution of bull trout (USFWS 2002), and 
is known to contain primary constituent elements as identified for bull 
trout (DuPont and Kennedy 2000; D. Olson, USFS, pers. comm., 2002). 
Lost Valley Reservoir (296 ha; 732 ac) provides connectivity between 
potential spawning and rearing habitats; bull trout are not known to 
currently occupy the reservoir.
    (J) East Fork Weiser River from the confluence with the Weiser 
River upstream 24.6 km (15.3 mi) to the headwaters is spawning and 
rearing habitat (Adams 1994; DuPont and Kennedy 2000; McGee et al. 
2001). Dewey Creek from the confluence with the East Fork Weiser River 
to the headwaters provides spawning and rearing habitat (Adams 1994; 
DuPont and Kennedy 2000; McGee et al. 2001).
(vii) Upper South Fork Payette River CHSU
    The Upper South Fork Payette River CHSU in Boise and Valley 
counties in southwestern Idaho includes all watersheds upstream of Big 
Falls on the South Fork Payette River, including the Deadwood River 
drainage downstream of Deadwood Dam. There are nine local populations 
identified within this CHSU. Approximate landownership in the CHSU is 
as follows: nearly 100 percent Federal, and less than 1 percent 
private.
    (A) The South Fork Payette River from its confluence with the 
Middle Fork Payette River upstream 96.8 km (60.1 mi) to the confluence 
with Baron Creek provides FMO habitat and connectivity between the 
Scott Creek, Whitehawk Creek, Clear Creek, Eightmile Creek, Wapiti 
Creek, Canyon Creek, Tenmile Creek, Chapman Creek, and Upper South Fork 
Payette River local populations, as well as a migratory connection 
between populations in the South Fork Payette River and Middle Fork 
Payette River CHSUs (Jimenez and Zaroban 1998; USFS 1999c; Stovall 
2001; J. Jimenez, USFS, pers. comm., 2002). Deadwood River from the 
confluence with the South Fork Payette River upstream 36.6 km (22.7 mi) 
to Deadwood Dam provides FMO habitat and connectivity between other 
local populations (Jimenez and Zaroban 1998; USFS 1999c; Stovall 2001). 
South Fork Payette River from the confluence with Baron Creek upstream 
8.5 km (5.2 mi) to the confluence of South Fork Payette River and an 
unnamed creek provides FMO habitat, and may also support bull trout 
spawning and early rearing. (Jimenez and Zaroban 1998; USFS 1999c). 
South Fork Payette River from point upstream 14.5 km (9.0 mi) to the 
confluence with Benedict Creek contains spawning and early rearing 
habitat (Jimenez and Zaroban 1998; USFS 1999c; BNF, unpublished 2002). 
Baron Creek from the confluence with the South Fork Payette River 
upstream 12.3 km (7.6 mi) to the confluence with an unnamed creek 
provides spawning and early rearing habitat (Jimenez and Zaroban 1998; 
USFS 1999c; BNF, unpublished 2002). North Fork Baron Creek from the 
confluence with Baron Creek upstream 2.7 km (1.7 mi) contains spawning 
and early rearing habitat (Jimenez and Zaroban 1998; USFS 1999c; BNF, 
unpublished 2002).
    (B) Scott Creek from the confluence with Deadwood River upstream 
12.2 km (7.6 mi) to the headwaters provides FMO habitat in the lower 
reaches (USFS 1999c; Jimenez and Zaroban 1998), and spawning and early 
rearing habitat in the upper reaches (Jimenez and Zaroban 1998; USFS 
1999c; BNF, unpublished 2002). South Fork Scott Creek from the 
confluence with Scott Creek upstream 5.7 km (3.5 mi) to the headwaters 
provides spawning and early rearing habitat (Jimenez and Zaroban 1998; 
USFS 1999c; BNF, unpublished 2002).


[[Page 71293]]


Smith Creek from the confluence with Scott Creek upstream 4.6 km (2.9 
mi) to the headwaters contains bull trout spawning and rearing habitat 
(Jimenez and Zaroban 1998; USFS 1999c; BNF, unpublished 2002).
    (C) Ninemile Creek from the confluence with the Deadwood River 
upstream 9.2 km (5.7 mi) is known to contain primary constituent 
elements for bull trout (Jimenez and Zaroban 1998; USFS 1999c) and is 
essential to provide for the recovered distribution of bull trout 
(USFWS 2002).
    (D) An unnamed creek from its confluence with the Deadwood River 
(29.0 km (18.0 mi) upstream of the confluence of the Deadwood River 
with the South Fork Payette River) upstream 2.2 km (1.3 mi) to the 
headwaters, No Man Creek from the confluence with the Deadwood River 
upstream 4.7 km (2.9 mi) to the confluence with an unnamed creek, and 
another unnamed creek, from the confluence with the Deadwood River 
(34.0 km (21.1 mi) upstream of the confluence of the Deadwood River 
with the South Fork Payette River) upstream 1.8 km (1.1 mi) are known 
to contain primary constituent elements for bull trout (Jimenez and 
Zaroban 1998; USFS 1999c) and provide habitat essential to the 
conservation of bull trout (USFWS 2002)
    (E) Whitehawk Creek from the confluence with Deadwood River to the 
confluence of Whitehawk Creek and an unnamed creek 8.3 km (5.2 mi) 
upstream from the confluence of Whitehawk Creek and Deadwood River (for 
8.3 km (5.2 mi)). Whitehawk Creek lies within Valley County. Whitehawk 
Creek is known to contain primary constituent elements as identified 
for bull trout (Jimenez and Zaroban 1998; USFS 1999c). North Fork 
Whitehawk Creek from the confluence with Whitehawk Creek to the 
headwaters of North Fork Whitehawk Creek (for 5.3 km (3.3 mi)). North 
Fork Whitehawk Creek lies within Valley County. North Fork Whitehawk 
Creek is known to contain primary constituent elements as identified 
for bull trout (Jimenez and Zaroban 1998; USFS 1999c).
    (F) Warm Springs Creek from the confluence with the Deadwood River 
upstream 11.4 km (7.1 mi) to the headwaters provides FMO habitat, and 
may also support spawning and rearing in the lower reaches, and 
spawning and rearing habitat in the upper reaches (Jimenez and Zaroban 
1998; USFS 1999c; BNF, unpublished 2002). East Fork Warm Springs Creek 
from the confluence with Warm Springs Creek upstream 8.8 km (5.5 mi) to 
the headwaters provides spawning and rearing habitat (Jimenez and 
Zaroban 1998; USFS 1999c; BNF, unpublished 2002). An unnamed creek from 
the confluence with East Fork Warm Springs Creek (5.0 km (3.1 mi) 
upstream of the confluence of East Fork Warm Springs Creek with Warm 
Springs Creek) upstream 1.9 km (1.2 mi) to the headwaters contains 
spawning and rearing habitat (Jimenez and Zaroban 1998; USFS 1999c; 
BNF, unpublished 2002). Middle Fork Warm Springs Creek from the 
confluence with Warm Springs Creek upstream 4.3 km (2.7 mi) to the 
supports bull trout spawning and earing (Jimenez and Zaroban 1998; USFS 
1999c; BNF, unpublished 2002). An unnamed creek from the confluence 
with Middle Fork Warm Springs Creek (1.8 km (1.1 mi) upstream of the 
confluence of Middle Fork Warm Springs Creek with Warm Springs Creek) 
upstream 4.0 km (2.5 mi) to the headwaters supports spawning and early 
rearing (Jimenez and Zaroban 1998; USFS 1999c; BNF, unpublished 2002).
    (G) Wilson Creek from the confluence with Deadwood Reservoir 
upstream 16.9 km (10.5 mi) to the headwaters contains bull trout 
primary constituent elements (Jimenez and Zaroban 1998; USFS 1999c), 
and is essential to provide for the recovered distribution of the 
species (USFWS 2002).
    (H) Clear Creek from the confluence with the South Fork Payette 
River upstream 12.5 km (7.8 mi) to the confluence with O'Keefe Creek 
provides FMO habitat (Jimenez and Zaroban 1998; USFS 1999c; Stovall 
2001). Clear Creek from the confluence with O'Keefe Creek upstream 18.2 
km (11.3 mi) to the confluence of Clear Creek, and an unnamed creek, 
support bull trout spawning and early rearing (Jimenez and Zaroban 
1998; USFS 1999c; BNF, unpublished 2002). Long Creek from the 
confluence with Clear Creek upstream 5.1 km (3.2 mi) to the confluence 
with an unnamed creek contains bull trout primary constituent elements 
(Jimenez and Zaroban 1998; USFS 1999c), and is essential to provide for 
the recovered distribution of the species (USFWS 2002). An unnamed 
creek 5.1 km (3.2 mi) upstream from the confluence with Long Creek, and 
Clear Creek upstream 1.7 km (1 mi) to the headwaters contains bull 
trout primary constituent elements (Jimenez and Zaroban 1998; USFS 
1999c), and is essential to provide for the recovered distribution of 
the species (USFWS 2002). South Fork Clear Creek from the confluence 
with Clear Creek upstream 7.5 km (4.7 mi) to the headwaters supports 
bull trout spawning and early rearing (Jimenez and Zaroban 1998; USFS 
1999c; BNF, unpublished 2002).
    (I) Kettle Creek from the confluence with the South Fork Payette 
River upstream 5.2 km (3.3 mi) to the headwaters provides spawning and 
rearing habitat (BNF, unpublished 2002).
    (J) Eightmile Creek from the confluence with the South Fork Payette 
River upstream 7.4 km (4.6 mi) to the confluence with an unnamed creek 
provides FMO habitat (Jimenez and Zaroban 1998; USFS 1999c); above this 
point upstream to the headwaters contains spawning and rearing habitat 
(Jimenez and Zaroban 1998; USFS 1999c; BNF, unpublished 2002). East 
Fork Eightmile Creek from the confluence with Eightmile Creek upstream 
to the confluence with an unnamed creek 4.2 m (2.6 mi) from the 
confluence of East Fork Eightmile Creek with Eightmile Creek provides 
FMO habitat (Jimenez and Zaroban 1998; USFS 1999c). East Fork Eightmile 
Creek from this point upstream to the headwaters contains bull trout 
primary constituent elements (Jimenez and Zaroban 1998; USFS 1999c), 
and is essential to provide for the recovered distribution of the 
species (USFWS 2002). An unnamed creek from the confluence with 
Eightmile Creek (4.5 km (2.8 mi) upstream of the confluence of 
Eightmile Creek with the South Fork Payette River) upstream 4.8 km (3.0 
mi) to the headwaters contains bull trout primary constituent elements 
(Jimenez and Zaroban 1998; USFS 1999c), and is essential to provide for 
the recovered distribution of the species (USFWS 2002). Another unnamed 
creek from its confluence with Eightmile Creek (7.3 km (4.5 mi) 
upstream of the confluence of Eightmile Creek with the South Fork 
Payette River) upstream 3.7 km (2.3 mi) to the headwaters provides 
spawning and early rearing habitat (Jimenez and Zaroban 1998; USFS 
1999c; BNF, unpublished 2002). Another unnamed creek from the 
confluence with Eightmile Creek (7.5 km (4.7 mi) upstream of the 
confluence of Eightmile Creek with the South Fork Payette River) 
upstream 3.4 km (2.1 mi) to the headwaters contains spawning and early 
rearing habitat (Jimenez and Zaroban 1998; USFS 1999c; BNF, unpublished 
2002)
    (K) Tenmile Creek from the confluence with the South Fork Payette 
River upstream 7.2 km (4.5 mi) to the confluence with an unnamed creek 
provides FMO habitat (Jimenez and Zaroban 1998; USFS 1999c), and above 
this point to the headwaters is a combination of FMO and spawning and 
rearing habitat (Jimenez and Zaroban 1998; USFS 1999c; BNF, unpublished 
2002). An unnamed creek from the


[[Page 71294]]


confluence with Tenmile Creek (9.8 km (6.1 mi) upstream of the 
confluence of Tenmile Creek with the South Fork Payette River) upstream 
3.4 km (2.1 mi) to the headwaters is habitat essential to the recovered 
distribution of bull trout (USFWS 2002), and contains primary 
constituent elements for bull trout (Jimenez and Zaroban 1998; USFS 
1999c). An unnamed creek from the confluence with Tenmile Creek (11.5 
km (7.1 mi) upstream of the confluence of Tenmile Creek with the South 
Fork Payette River) upstream 2.5 km (1.5 mi) to the headwaters contains 
bull trout primary constituent elements (Jimenez and Zaroban 1998; USFS 
1999c), and is essential to provide for the recovered distribution of 
the species (USFWS 2002). Another unnamed creek from the confluence 
with Tenmile Creek (13.3 km (8.2 mi) upstream of the confluence of 
Tenmile Creek with the South Fork Payette River) upstream 2.7 km (1.7 
mi) to the headwaters contains bull trout primary constituent elements 
(Jimenez and Zaroban 1998; USFS 1999c), and is essential to provide for 
the recovered distribution of the species (USFWS 2002).
    (L) Chapman Creek from the confluence with the South Fork Payette 
River upstream 6.1 km (3.8 mi) to the headwaters of Chapman Creek 
supports bull trout spawning and early rearing (Jimenez and Zaroban 
1998; USFS 1999c; BNF, unpublished 2002).
    (M) Warm Springs Creek from the confluence with the South Fork 
Payette River upstream 4.8 km (3 mi) to the confluence with Bush Creek 
provides FMO habitat. Upstream 14.3 km (8.9 mi) of this point to the 
confluence with Gates Creek is habitat essential to the recovered 
distribution of bull trout (USFWS 2002), and is known to contain 
primary constituent elements as identified for bull trout (Jimenez and 
Zaroban 1998; USFS 1999c). Gates Creek from the confluence with Warm 
Springs Creek upstream 6.8 km (4.3 mi) to the headwaters is habitat 
essential to the recovered distribution of bull trout (USFWS 2002), and 
has recently been found to support bull trout spawning and early 
rearing (BNF, unpublished 2002).
    (N) Canyon Creek from the confluence with the South Fork Payette 
River upstream 17.1 km (10.6 mi) to the headwaters provides spawning 
and rearing habitat (BNF, unpublished 2002). South Fork Canyon Creek 
from the confluence with Canyon Creek upstream 2.4 km (1.5 mi) to the 
confluence of South Fork Canyon Creek and an unnamed creek supports 
bull trout spawning and rearing (BNF, unpublished 2002). North Fork 
Canyon Creek from the confluence with Canyon Creek upstream 1.9 km (1.2 
mi) to the confluence with an unnamed creek provides spawning and early 
rearing habitat (BNF, unpublished 2002). An unnamed creek from the 
confluence with North Fork Canyon Creek (2 km (1.2 mi) upstream of the 
confluence of North Fork Canyon Creek with Canyon Creek) upstream 4.6 
km (2.8 mi) contains spawning and rearing habitat (Jimenez and Zaroban 
1998; USFS 1999c; BNF, unpublished 2002).
    (O) Wapiti Creek from the confluence with the South Fork Payette 
River upstream 5.5 km (3.4 mi) to the confluence of Wapiti Creek and an 
unnamed creek contains spawning and early rearing habitat (Jimenez and 
Zaroban 1998; USFS 1999c; BNF, unpublished 2002).
    (P) Trail Creek from the confluence with the South Fork Payette 
River upstream 5.8 km (3.6 mi) to the confluence with an unnamed creek 
supports bull trout spawning and early rearing (Jimenez and Zaroban 
1998; USFS 1999c; BNF, unpublished 2002).
(viii) North Fork Payette River CHSU
    The North Fork Payette River CHSU in Valley County in southwestern 
Idaho includes the North Fork Payette River watershed upstream of 
Cascade Dam. There are one local and six potential local populations 
identified within the North Fork Payette River CHSU, all of which are 
essential for recovery (USFWS 2002). The CHSU includes 229.76 km 
(142.77 mi) of streams that are proposed as critical habitat, which 
represents approximately 17.28 percent of the total stream miles in the 
North Fork Payette River CHSU. Approximate landownership is as follows: 
47 percent Federal, 34 percent private, and 10 percent State. Critical 
habitat includes all stream segment units described below which provide 
FMO habitat, and allow for the maintenance of genetic exchange by local 
and potential local populations both within and between CHSUs.
    (A) Gold Fork River from the confluence with Davis Creek upstream 
20.2 km (12.5 mi) to the confluence with the North and South Forks Gold 
Fork River. This reach provides migratory habitat and connectivity 
between the Gold Fork local population and the Kennally Creek potential 
local population. South Fork Gold Fork River from the confluence with 
the Gold Fork River upstream 7.4 km (4.6 mi) to the headwaters provides 
spawning and rearing habitat (Steed 1999; USFS 2000c). North Fork Gold 
Fork River from the confluence with the Gold Fork River upstream 15.9 
km (9.9 mi) to the headwaters provides spawning and rearing habitat 
(Steed 1999; USFS 2000c). Foolhen Creek from the confluence with Gold 
Fork River upstream 8.6 km (5.3 mi) to the headwaters, and Spruce Creek 
from the confluence with Gold Fork River upstream 2.8 km (1.75 mi) to 
the headwaters contains bull trout primary constituent elements 
(Jimenez and Zaroban 1998), and is essential to provide for the 
recovered distribution of the species (USFWS 2002). Lodgepole Creek 
from the confluence with Gold Fork River upstream 5.0 km (3.1 mi) to 
the headwaters and an unnamed creek from the confluence with Gold Fork 
River (7.8 km (4.8 mi) upstream of the confluence of the North Fork 
Gold Fork River with Gold Fork River) upstream 3.1 km (1.9 mi) to the 
headwaters contains bull trout primary constituent elements (Jimenez 
and Zaroban 1998; USFS 1999c), and is essential to provide for the 
recovered distribution of the species (USFWS 2002). An unnamed creek 
from the confluence with the North Fork Gold Fork River (8.6 km (5.3 
mi) upstream of the confluence of the North Fork Gold Fork River with 
Gold Fork River) upstream 2.9 km (1.8 mi) to the headwaters provides 
spawning and rearing habitat and is suspected to support bull trout 
spawning and early rearing (Steed 1999; Roy, in litt., 2002). An 
unnamed creek from the confluence with the North Fork Gold Fork River 
(9.0 km (5.6 mi) upstream of the confluence of the North Fork Gold Fork 
River with Gold Fork River) upstream 3.2 km (2.0 mi) to the headwaters 
supports bull trout spawning and early rearing (Steed 1999; USFS 
2000c). An unnamed creek from the confluence with the the North Fork 
Gold Fork River (9.3 km (5.7 mi) upstream of the confluence of the 
North Fork Gold Fork River with Gold Fork River) upstream 4.7 km (2.9 
mi) to the headwaters provides spawning and early rearing habitat 
(Steed 1999; USFS 2000c).
    (B) Kennally Creek from the confluence with the Gold Fork River 
upstream 21.3 km (13.2 mi) to the confluence with the North and South 
Forks, and Rapid Creek from the confluence with Kennally Creek upstream 
17.0 km (10.6 mi) to the headwaters contains bull trout primary 
constituent elements (Jimenez and Zaroban 1998; USFS 1999c), and is 
essential to provide for the conservation of the species (USFWS 2002).
    (C) Cascade Reservoir (7,246 ha (17,905 ac)) will provide FMO 
habitat for Gold Fork River bull trout, and connectivity between the 
Gold Fork local population and the Lake Fork, North Fork Lake Fork, and 
South Fork


[[Page 71295]]


Lake Fork potential local populations as recovery actions are 
implemented (J. Roy, in litt., 2002; USFWS 2002). Bull trout are 
currently entrained through an irrigation diversion on Gold Fork River 
into Cascade Reservoir.
    (D) North Fork Payette River from the confluence with Cascade 
Reservoir upstream 1.4 km (0.9 mi) to the confluence with Mud Creek. As 
recovery actions are implemented, the North Fork Payette River will 
provide FMO habitat and connectivity between the Gold Fork local 
population, and the Lake Fork, North Fork Lake Fork, and South Fork 
Lake Fork potential local populations (USFWS 2002). Lake Fork from the 
confluence with Mud Creek upstream 68.6 km (42.6 mi) to the confluence 
with Little Payette Lake. As recovery actions are implemented, this 
reach will provide FMO habitat and connectivity between the Gold Fork 
local population, and the Lake Fork, North Fork Lake Fork, and South 
Fork Lake Fork potential local populations (USFWS 2002). Little Payette 
Lake (582 ha (1,439 ac)) will provide FMO habitat for Lake Fork, North 
Fork Lake Fork, and South Fork Lake Fork potential local populations, 
and will provide connectivity between these potential local populations 
and the Gold Fork local population as recovery actions are implemented 
(USFWS 2002). Lake Fork from the confluence with Little Payette Lake 
upstream 16.9 km (10.5 mi) to the confluence with the North and South 
Forks Lake Fork provides habitat essential to the recovered 
distribution for bull trout (USFWS 2002) and is known to contain 
primary constituent elements as identified for the species (USFS 1998c; 
2001c). North Fork Lake Fork from the confluence with Lake Fork 
upstream 16.3 km (10.1 mi) to the headwaters provides suitable habitat 
for bull trout spawning and rearing (USFS 1998c, 2001c). South Fork 
Lake Fork from the confluence with Lake Fork upstream 5.7 km (3.5 mi) 
to the headwaters contains bull trout primary constituent elements 
(Jimenez and Zaroban 1998; USFS 1999c), and is essential to provide for 
the recovered distribution of the species (USFWS 2002).
(ix) Squaw Creek CHSU
    The Squaw Creek CHSU in Gem, Boise, and Valley counties in 
southwestern Idaho includes all watersheds in Squaw Creek upstream from 
its confluence with the Payette River. Bull trout in this CHSU are 
primarily resident fish, although they have recently been found in the 
lower reaches of Squaw Creek, suggesting a migratory component (Steed 
1999). There are two local and three potential local populations 
identified within the Squaw Creek CHSU. Approximate landownership is as 
follows: 48 percent Federal, 47 percent private, and 5 percent State. 
We are proposing critical habitat designation of 192.41 km (119.56 mi) 
of stream, which represents approximately 28 percent of the total 
stream miles in the Squaw Creek CHSU. Critical habitat within the Squaw 
Creek CHSU includes all stream segment units described below which 
provide FMO habitat, and allow for the maintenance of genetic exchange 
by local and potential local populations both within and between CHSUs.
    (A) Squaw Creek from its confluence with the Payette River upstream 
75.9 km (47.2 mi) to the confluence with Cold Spring Creek provides 
connectivity between the Squaw Creek and Third Fork Squaw Creek local 
populations, and the Second Fork Squaw Creek, and Sagehen Creek 
potential local populations. Squaw Creek from the confluence with Cold 
Spring Creek upstream 19.1 km (11.9 mi) to the headwaters contains 
spawning and early rearing habitat (Steed 1999). Pole Creek from the 
confluence with Squaw Creek upstream 4.1 km (2.5 mi) to the headwaters 
also provides spawning and rearing habitat (Steed 1999). An unnamed 
creek from the confluence with Squaw Creek (83.8 km (52.0 mi) upstream 
of the confluence of Squaw Creek with the Payette River) upstream 2.6 
km (1.6 mi) to the headwaters provides spawning and early rearing 
habitat (Steed 1999). Another unnamed creek from the confluence with 
Squaw Creek (86.0 km (53.0 mi) upstream of the confluence of Squaw 
Creek with the Payette River) upstream 3.6 km (2.2 mi) to the 
headwaters also provides spawning and rearing habitat (Burton 1999b; 
1999; Steed 1999). An unnamed creek from the confluence with the 
previous unnamed creek (0.5 km (0.3 mi) upstream of the confluence of 
the previous unnamed creek with Squaw Creek) upstream to the headwaters 
provides habitat essential to the recovered distribution of bull trout 
(USFWS 2002), and is known to contain primary constituent elements as 
identified for bull trout (Burton 1999b; Steed 1999). Poison Creek from 
the confluence with Squaw Creek upstream 2.7 km (1.7 mi) to the 
headwaters contains bull trout primary constituent elements (Jimenez 
and Zaroban 1998; USFS 1999c), and is essential to provide for the 
recovered distribution of the species (USFWS 2002).
    (B) Third Fork Squaw Creek from the confluence with Squaw Creek 
upstream 10.6 km (6.6 mi) to the confluence with an unnamed creek 
provides FMO habitat (Steed 1999). From this point upstream 6.6 km (4.1 
mi) Third Fork Squaw Creek provides spawning and early rearing habitat 
(Burton 1999b; Steed 1999). An unnamed creek from the confluence with 
Third Fork Squaw Creek (10.8 km (6.7 mi) upstream of the confluence of 
Third Fork Squaw Creek with Squaw Creek) upstream 7.3 km (4.5 mi) to 
the headwaters provides spawning and early rearing habitat (Burton 
1999b; Steed 1999). Another unnamed creek from the confluence with the 
previous unnamed creek (1.8 km (1.1 mi) upstream of the confluence of 
the previous unnamed creek with Third Fork Squaw Creek) upstream 4.0 km 
(2.5 mi) to the headwaters also provides spawning and rearing habitat 
(Burton 1999b). Another unnamed creek from the confluence with the 
previously described unnamed creek (2.8 km (1.7 mi) upstream of the 
confluence of the previous unnamed creek with Third Fork Squaw Creek) 
upstream 1.8 km (1.1 mi) to the headwaters contains bull trout primary 
constituent elements (Jimenez and Zaroban 1998; USFS 1999c), and is 
essential to provide for the recovered distribution of the species 
(USFWS 2002). An unnamed creek from the confluence with Third Fork 
Squaw Creek (12 km (7.5 mi) upstream of the confluence of Third Fork 
Squaw Creek with Squaw Creek) upstream 3.2 km (2.0 mi) to the 
headwaters provides spawning and rearing habitat (Burton 1999b; Steed 
1999). Second Fork Squaw Creek from the confluence with Squaw Creek 
upstream 11.3 km (7.0 mi) to the confluence with Sage Hen Creek 
provides FMO habitat (Steed 1999), and from this point upstream 6.7 km 
(4.2 mi) to the headwaters provides habitat essential to the recovered 
distribution of bull trout (USFWS 2002), and is known to contain 
primary constituent elements for the species (Burton 1999b; Steed 
1999). Renwick Creek from the confluence with Second Fork Squaw Creek 
upstream 6.1 km (3.8 mi) to the headwaters and Antelope Creek from the 
confluence with Second Fork Squaw Creek upstream 6.1 km (3.8 km) to the 
headwaters provides habitat essential to the recovered distribution of 
bull trout (USFWS 2002), and is known to contain primary constituent 
elements for the species (Burton 1999b; Steed 1999).
    (C) Sage Hen Creek from the confluence with Second Fork Squaw Creek 
upstream 5.2 km (3.2 mi) to the dam on Sage Hen Reservoir provides FMO 
habitat (Steed 1999). Sage Hen Creek from the dam on Sage Hen Reservoir 
upstream 7.4 km (4.6 mi) to the headwaters provides habitat


[[Page 71296]]


essential to the recovered distribution of bull trout (USFWS 2002), and 
is known to contain primary constituent elements for bull trout (Burton 
1999b; Steed 1999). An unnamed creek from the confluence with Sage Hen 
Creek (5.3 km (3.3 mi) upstream of the confluence of Sage Hen Creek 
with Second Fork Squaw Creek) upstream 2.9 km (1.4 mi) to the 
headwaters provides habitat essential to the recovered distribution of 
bull trout (USFWS 2002), and is known to contain primary constituent 
elements for the species (Burton 1999b; Steed 1999). Joes Creek from 
the confluence with Sage Hen Creek upstream 5.3 km (3.3 mi) to the 
headwaters of Joes Creek provides habitat essential to the recovered 
distribution of bull trout (USFWS 2002), and is known to contain 
primary constituent elements for bull trout (Burton 1999b; Steed 1999). 
Sage Hen Reservoir (96 ha; 238 ac) provides suitable FMO habitat (Steed 
1999; Burton 1999) to provide for the recovered distribution of bull 
trout (USFWS 2002).


(22) Unit 18: Little Lost River Basin


    The Little Lost River Unit is within Butte, Custer, and Lemhi 
counties in east-central Idaho. Approximately 184.6 km (115.4 mi) of 
stream in the Little Lost River Basin is proposed for critical habitat 
designation. Approximately 76 percent of the unit is located on Federal 
land (BLM and USFS), 22 percent is on private land, and 2 percent is on 
State land. There are 10 known local populations in the Little Lost 
River Basin and the Draft Recovery Plan (USFWS 2002) states that the 
persistence of all 10 populations is needed for species' recovery. The 
following stream segments are proposed for designation as critical 
habitat in the Little Lost River unit:
    (i) The Little Lost River, beginning at the flood control structure 
at rkm 18.4 (rmi 11.4) and continuing upstream for 84.3 km (52.4 mi) to 
source springs at rkm 102.7 (rmi 63.8). The river from the flood 
control structure to Iron Creek (at rkm 93.3 (rmi 57.9)) is an 
important migratory corridor, as well as a key foraging and rearing 
area for sub-adult and adult fluvial bull trout associated with 
upstream local populations (Gamett 1999). The Little Lost River 
headwaters above Iron Creek, including 0.8 km (0.5 mi) of the Right 
Fork Little Lost River and 2.1 km (1.3 mi) of Firebox Creek, are 
occupied spawning and rearing habitat and collectively support a local 
population. (Note: USGS and STREAMNET maps show the Little Lost River 
transforming into Sawmill Creek in its upstream reaches. However, the 
USFS Lost River Ranger District maps show the Little Lost River 
continuing under that name up to its headwaters. We have described 
proposed critical habitat in accordance with the latter).
    (ii) Badger Creek from its confluence with the Little Lost River 
(at rkm 45.6 (rmi 28.3)) upstream 11.7 km (7.3 mi) to its source 
springs and including the Bunting Canyon Creek tributary. There is a 
headcut on Bunting Canyon Creek approximately 300 m (984 ft) upstream 
of its mouth that forms a small barrier. Badger Creek and Bunting 
Canyon Creek below the headcut provide spawning and rearing habitat for 
a known bull trout local population (Gamett 1999). The 3.1 km (1.9 mi) 
segment of Bunting Canyon Creek above the headcut is not currently 
known to be occupied, but is identified in the Draft Recovery Plan 
(USFWS 2002) as essential to providing for the recovered distribution 
of bull trout.
    (iii) Williams Creek from its confluence with the Little Lost River 
(at rkm 54.1) upstream 5.1 km (3.2 mi) to the confluence with an 
unnamed tributary. The unnamed tributary from its confluence with 
Williams Creek upstream 1.1 km (0.7 mi) to its source springs. A local 
bull trout population exists in Williams Creek above an irrigation 
diversion at rkm 1.3 (rmi 0.8) and spawning and rearing occurs from rkm 
3.4 to rkm 5.1 as well as in the entire length of the unnamed tributary 
(Gamett 1999). The Draft Recovery Plan (USFWS 2002) identifies the 1.3 
km (0.8 mi) stream reach below the diversion as important to restoring 
connectivity to this local population, and providing additional habitat 
needed to achieve target population levels in this area.
    (iv) Wet Creek from its confluence with the Little Lost River (at 
rkm 56.8 (rmi 35.3)) upstream for a distance of 28.8 km (18.0 mi) to a 
barrier falls above Hilts Creek, and including 7.0 km (4.4 mi) of the 
Big Creek tributary. Wet Creek currently supports a local bull trout 
population, with spawning and rearing occurring in the uppermost 3.2 km 
(2.0 mi). Although bull trout have not been recently documented in Big 
Creek, spawning and rearing habitat has been identified in its upper 
reaches (Gamett 1999).
    (v) Warm Creek from its confluence with the Little Lost River (at 
rkm 81.9 (rmi 50.9)) upstream for 3.4 km (2.1 mi) to its source 
springs. This stream supports a known bull trout local population, and 
spawning and rearing occurs in the upper 2.7 km (1.3 mi) (Gamett 1999).
    (vi) Squaw Creek from its confluence with the Little Lost River (at 
rkm 86.2 (rmi 53.5)) upstream for 6.6 km (4.1 mi) to its source spring 
and including 0.6 km (0.4 mi) of the North Fork Squaw Creek, and 3.0 km 
(1.9 mi) of an unnamed tributary that joins Squaw Creek at rkm 4.2 (rmi 
2.6). These streams are currently occupied and collectively are 
considered a distinct local population (USFWS 2002); all but the lowest 
0.2 km (0.1 mi) of Squaw Creek contain spawning and rearing habitat.
    (vii) Mill Creek from its confluence with the Little Lost River (at 
rkm 89.6 (rmi 55.6)) upstream for 4.5 km (2.8 mi) to a barrier falls. 
This stream supports a known bull trout local population and all but 
the lowest 0.2 km (0.1 mi) is spawning and rearing habitat (Gamett 
1999).
    (viii) Iron Creek from its confluence with the Little Lost River 
(at rkm 93.3 (rmi 57.9)) upstream for 3.2 km (2.0 mi) and including the 
following tributaries: 1.0 km (0.6 mi) of Left Fork Iron Creek, 0.3 km 
(0.2 mi) of Right Fork Iron Creek, all 2.2 km (1.4 mi) of Jackson 
Creek, and all 2.2 km (1.4 mi) of Hawley Creek. These streams are 
currently occupied and collectively form a distinct local population 
(USFWS 2002); the entire area contains spawning and rearing habitat 
(Gamett 1999).
    (ix) Timber Creek from its confluence with the Little Lost River 
(at rkm 95.4 (rmi 59.2)) upstream for 5.8 km (3.6 mi) to its source 
springs and including the following tributaries: 1.3 km (0.8 mi) of 
Camp Creek, 1.1 km (0.7 mi) of Redrock Creek, and 0.5 km (0.3 mi) of 
Slide Creek. These streams are currently occupied and collectively form 
a distinct local population (USFWS 2002); the entire area contains 
spawning and rearing habitat (Gamett 1999).
    (x) Smithie Fork Creek from its confluence with the Little Lost 
River (at rkm 99.5 (rmi 61.8)) upstream for 5.0 km (3.1 mi) to its 
source springs. This stream supports a known bull trout local 
population. The entire area contains spawning and rearing habitat 
(Gamett 1999).


(23) Unit 19: Lower Columbia River Basin


    The Lower Columbia Unit consists of portions of the Lewis, White 
Salmon, and Klickitat Rivers, and associated tributaries in 

southwestern and south-central Washington. The unit extends across 
Clark, Cowlitz, Kilickitat, Skamania, and Yakima counties. 
Approximately 340 km (210 mi) of stream and 3 reservoirs covering 5,054 
ha (12,488 ac) are proposed for critical habitat designation. 
Currently, there are three bull trout local populations in the Lewis 
River watershed and one in the Klickitat River. The Draft Recovery Plan


[[Page 71297]]


(USFWS 2002) indicates it is essential to the conservation of the 
species to maintain those four local populations and establish four 
additional populations within the Lewis River watershed, and one in the 
White Salmon.
(i) Lewis River CHSU
    Proposed critical habitat in the Lewis River CHSU covers 179 km 
(110 mi) of stream and 5,054 ha (12,488 ac) of lake habitat. The CHSU 
is approximately 64 percent private land, 29 percent Federal land, 7 
percent State land. Proposed critical habitat for this CHSU is 
described below.
    (A) The lower Lewis River from its confluence with the Columbia 
River upstream 31.4 km (19.5 mi) to Merwin Dam. Bull trout are 
occasionally observed below Merwin Dam (PacifiCorps and Cowlitz County 
PUD 2001), and the reach provides important foraging and overwintering 
habitat, and connectivity to the Columbia River once fish passage at 
Merwin, Yale, and Swift Dams is restored. Restoring connectivity among 
local populations and to the Columbia River is necessary to maintain 
opportunities for genetic exchange, refound local populations, and 
provide access to additional foraging and overwintering habitat (Rieman 
and McIntyre 1993; USFWS 2002).
    (B) Merwin Reservoir, which when full, covers 1,620 ha (4,000 ac) 
along approximately 23.8 km (14.8 mi) of the Lewis River from rkm 31.4 
(rmi 19.5) to rkm 55.2 (rmi 34.3), and including Speelyai Creek from 
its confluence with the lake upstream 5.1 km (3.2 mi) to a chute 
barrier. Merwin Reservoir is the lowest reservoir on the Lewis River; 
bull trout currently found in this lake are believed to be coming 
through the Yale Dam spillway and turbines (USFWS 2002). Merwin 
Reservoir provides foraging and overwintering habitat to allow 
maturation of bull trout trapped below Yale Dam until they can be 
transported to Cougar Creek as spawners. The lake also provides habitat 
to support establishment of a local population in Speelyai Creek. This 
creek is identified in the Draft Recovery Plan (USFWS 2002) as spawning 
and rearing habitat that could support an additional local population. 
Springs and seeps in lower Speelyai Creek, below a diversion canal to 
Yale Reservoir, currently supply cold water to the Speelyai Fish 
Hatchery. Establishing fish passage at the hatchery would allow bull 
trout to access suitable spawning and rearing habitat above the 
hatchery.
    (C) Yale Reservoir, which covers 1,539 ha (3,800 ac) along 
approximately 21.4 km (13.3 mi) of the Lewis River from rkm 55.2 (rmi 
34.3) to rkm 76.6 (rmi 47.6), and including the following stream 
reaches which flow into it: Cougar Creek from its confluence with the 
lake upstream 2.7 km (1.7 mi) to a lava tube barrier; the 4.3 km (2.3 

mi) Swift Bypass reach; Ole Creek from its confluence with the Swift 
bypass reach upstream 1.3 km (0.8 mi) to a barrier falls and extending 
up Rain Creek 1.4 km (0.9 mi). Yale Reservoir is currently occupied and 
provides essential foraging and overwintering habitat for the local 
population that spawns and rears in Cougar Creek. The Swift Bypass 
Reach is essential as a site for establishing an additional local 
population, and to provide bull trout access to Rain and Ole Creeks for 
establishing an additional local population (Recovery Criteria 1 and 4 
in the Lower Columbia Unit Chapter, USFWS 2002). Ole Creek, together 
with Rain Creek, is identified as suitable spawning and rearing habitat 
where an additional local population could be established (USFWS 2002).
    (D) Swift Creek Reservoir, which when full covers 1,895 ha (4,680 
ac) along approximately 18.5 km (11.5 mi) of the Lewis River from rkm 
76.6 (rmi 47.6) to rkm 95.1 (rmi 59.1), and extending up 0.5 km (0.3 
mi) of Swift Creek from the end of the Swift Arm segment of the 
reservoir to a barrier falls, and 2.0 km (1.3 mi) up an unnamed 
tributary (identified as S15 in PacifiCorp and Cowlitz County PUD 2000) 
that enters the reservoir from the south at rkm 84.5 (rmi 52.5). This 
area is currently occupied and provides important foraging and 
overwintering habitat for the two bull trout local populations that 
spawn in Rush and Pine Creek.
    (E) Upper Lewis River from the eastern edge of Swift Creek 
Reservoir (rkm 95.1 (rmi 59.1)) upstream 43.6 km (27.1 mi) to Twin 
Falls and including the following tributaries: Pine Creek from its 
confluence with the Lewis River at rkm 95.8 (rmi 59.5) upstream 12.9 km 
(8.0 mi) to its headwaters, and extending 1.8 km (1.1 mi) up an unnamed 
tributary which branches off Pine Creek at rkm 4.7 (rmi 2.9) 
(identified as P7 in PacifiCorp and Cowlitz County PUD 2000), 6.7 km 
(4.2 mi) up another unnamed tributary (identified as P8 in PacifiCorp 
and Cowlitz County PUD 2000) which branches off Pine Creek at rkm 6.0 
(rmi 3.7), and 0.4 km (0.3 mi) up another unnamed tributary (identified 
as P10 in PacifiCorp and Cowlitz County PUD 2000) which branches off 
Pine Creek at rkm 8.4 (rmi 5.2); Rush Creek from its confluence with 
the Lewis River at rkm 104.0 (rmi 64.6) upstream 2.7 km (1.7 mi) to a 
barrier falls; the upper Lewis River from the east end of Swift Creek 
Reservoir up to a barrier falls at rkm 116.2 (rmi 72.2) is currently 
occupied, providing foraging and overwintering habitat for bull trout 
that spawn in Pine and Rush Creeks, and providing connectivity to the 
reservoir. Bull trout are known to occupy the identified reaches of 
Pine and Rush Creeks and the ``P7'' unnamed tributary of Pine Creek. 
Current occupancy is unknown in the ``P8'' and ``P10'' Pine Creek 
tributaries; however they both are reported to be ``very good salmonid 
habitat'' (PacifiCorp and Cowlitz County PUD 2000) and are considered 
essential to provide for continued recovery of bull trout in Pine 
Creek, which was severely impacted by the eruption of Mount St. Helens 
in 1980. Current occupancy is also unknown for the 22.5 km (14.0 mi) of 
the Lewis River from the barrier falls at rkm 116.2 (rmi 72.2) to Twin 
Falls. This stretch is identified in the Draft Recovery Plan (USFWS 
2002) as an area suitable for establishing an additional local 
population. The multiple falls reach, from rkm 116.2 (rmi 72.2) to rkm 
120.4 (rmi 74.8), is included to maintain connectivity between a 
possible existing, or possible eventual (re)introduced, resident local 
population above the falls and existing bull trout populations below 
the falls.
(ii) White Salmon River CHSU
    (A) Proposed critical habitat in this CHSU consists of 25.7 km 
(16.0 mi) of the White Salmon River and is approximately 98 percent 
private land, 2 percent Federal land, and less than 1 percent State 
land. The White Salmon River flows from the southwestern slope of Mount 
Adams to the Columbia River (Bonneville pool). Condit Dam currently 
forms Northwestern Lake. The scheduled removal of Condit Dam in 2006-
2007 will result in removal of the reservoir and restoration of the 
White Salmon river to its former river channel. The White Salmon River 
is a historic bull trout locality, but no recent spawning has been 
observed in this drainage. However, suitable habitat exists and 
recovery criteria call for the reestablishment of a local population in 
this drainage (USFWS 2002). The 5.3 km (3.3 mi) reach of the White 
Salmon from the confluence with the Columbia River upstream to Condit 
Dam will provide an important corridor to the Columbia River when fish 
passage at Condit Dam is restored. The 2.4 km-long (1.5 mi-long) 
reservoir behind Condit Dam, Northwestern Lake, currently provides 
foraging and overwintering habitat for a remnant population of bull 
trout and/or to support establishment of


[[Page 71298]]


a spawning population in the upper watershed. Following the removal of 
Condit Dam, the critical habitat designation in this stream segment 
will be restricted to the restored river channel of the section of the 
White Salmon River that is currently contained within Northwestern 
Lake. This restored section of the White Salmon River will provide FMO 
habitat for a restored bull trout population (USFWS 2002). The 18.0 km 
(11.2 mi) stretch of the White Salmon River from the upper edge of 
Northwestern Lake to BZ Falls is also suitable foraging and 
overwintering habitat. With the restoration of the White Salmon river 
in the Northwestern Lake segment, designated critical habitat will 
include the White Salmon river for 26 km (16 mi) from the confluence 
with the Columbia River to BZ falls. Given the lack of specific 
information on conditions in upper tributary streams, no potential 
spawning and rearing habitat is being proposed as critical habitat.
(iii) Klickitat River CHSU
    Proposed critical habitat in the Klickitat CHSU covers 135.5 km 
(84.2 mi) of stream. Approximately 42 percent of the CHSU is within the 
Yakama Nation Reservation, 35 percent is private land, 17 percent is 
State land, and 6 percent is Federal land. Tribal lands need to be 
included as critical habitat in this area because the West Fork 
Klickitat River, and its tributaries within the Yakama Reservation, 
supports the only known bull trout local population in the Klickitat 
drainage.
    (A) Klickitat River from its confluence with the Columbia River 
upstream 103.3 km (64.2 mi) to Castile Falls. This section of the 
Klickitat River is currently occupied foraging and overwintering 
habitat, and is essential for maintaining connectivity with the 
Columbia River. The West Fork Klickitat River from its confluence with 
the Klickitat River at rkm 101.5 (rmi 63.0) upstream 7.2 km (4.5 mi) to 
the junction of Little Muddy Creek and Fish Lake Stream. The West Fork 
Klickitat River below the falls at rkm 0.5 (rmi 0.3) provides foraging 
and overwintering habitat for bull trout in the mainstem Klickitat 
River. Above the falls, the West Fork Klickitat River and the 
identified tributaries contain occupied spawning and rearing habitat 
(Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) 1998; Byrne et al., 
unpublished 2000). Maintaining the resident bull trout population in 
the West Fork Klickitat River and its tributaries is essential because 
it is the only known local population in the Klickitat drainage.
    (B) Little Muddy Creek for a distance of 3.4 km (2.1 mi) to the 
confluence with Crawford Creek and extending 1.3 km (0.8 mi) up 
Clearwater Creek and 3.4 km (2.1 mi) up Trappers Creek.; Fish Lake 
Stream for a distance of 9.7 km (6.0 mi) to the confluence with Two 
Lakes Stream and extending 6.9 km (4.3 mi) up an unnamed tributary that 
meets Fish Lake Stream at rkm 8.0 (rmi 5.0) and also extending 1.3 km 
(0.8 mi) up Two Lakes Stream.


(24) Unit 20: Middle Columbia River Basin


    The Middle Columbia River unit encompasses the entire Yakima River 
basin located in south central Washington, draining approximately 
15,900 square km (6,155 square mi). The basin occupies most of Yakima 
and Kittitas counties, about half of Benton County, and a small portion 
of Klickitat County. Thirteen local populations of bull trout occur in 
this unit: the mainstem Yakima River (Keechelus to Easton Reach); 
Ahtanum Creek; American River; Rattlesnake Creek; Crow Creek; South 
Fork Tieton River; Indian Creek; Deep Creek; North Fork Teanaway River; 
Box Canyon Creek; Upper Kachess River; Gold Creek; and the Cle Elum 
River, all of which are essential to recovery. The Draft Recovery Plan 
(USFWS 2002) recommends the establishment of three other local 
populations in the North Fork Tieton River, Middle Fork Teanaway River, 
and Taneum Creek. Approximately 846 km (529 mi) of stream habitat and 
6,066 ha (14986 ac) of lake and reservoir surface area are proposed as 
critical habitat within this unit. Of the stream segments proposed as 
critical habitat, approximately 44 percent are bordered by Federal 
land, 40 percent by private land, 9 percent by State land, and 7 
percent by the Yakama Nation.
    (i) Yakima River from the confluence of Ahtamum Creek at rkm 172.1 
(rmi 106.9) upstream 155.9 km (96.9 mi) to Easton Diversion Dam is 
currently occupied FMO habitat (Pearson et al. 1998; M. Johnston, 
Yakama Nation, pers. comm., 2002) that is essential to maintain 
connectivity between all local populations within the Middle Columbia 
River unit. The Yakima River from the Easton Diversion Dam at rkm 326.0 
(rmi 202.4) upstream 18.8 km (11.7 mi) to Keechelus Dam at rkm 345.3 
(rmi 214.4) is currently occupied FMO and spawning and rearing habitat 
(WDFW 1998, 2002) for the Yakima River local population, as well as a 
migratory corridor to other local populations within the unit if 
passage is provided at Keechelus Dam as specified in the Draft Recovery 
Plan (USFWS 2002).
    (ii) Ahtanum Creek from the confluence with the Yakima River 
upstream 37.2 km (23.1 mi) to the confluence of the North and South 
Forks Ahtanum Creek provides currently occupied (WDFW 1998) FMO habitat 
for the Ahtanum Creek local population. South Fork Ahtanum Creek from 
the confluence with Ahtanum Creek upstream 23.5 km (14.6 mi) to the 
headwaters is currently occupied (WDFW 2002), and provides spawning and 
rearing habitat for the Ahtanum Creek local population. North Fork 
Ahtanum Creek from the confluence with Ahtanum Creek upstream 33.3 km 
(20.7 mi) to the headwaters is currently occupied (Dunham and Chandler 
2001; WDFW 2002) and provides essential spawning and rearing habitat 
for the Ahtanum Creek local population. Middle Fork Ahtanum Creek from 
the confluence with North Fork Ahtanum Creek upstream 15.1 km (9.4 mi) 
to the headwaters is currently occupied (Dunham and Chandler 2001; WDFW 
2002) and provides essential spawning and rearing habitat for the 
Ahtanum Creek local population. Shellneck Creek from the confluence 
with North Fork Ahtanum Creek upstream 2.9 km (1.8 mi) to the 
headwaters is currently occupied (WDFW 2002) and provides spawning and 
rearing habitat for the Ahtanum Creek local population.
    (iii) Naches River from the confluence with the Yakima River 
upstream 71.8 km (44.6 mi) to the confluence of the Little Naches and 
Bumping Rivers is currently occupied (WDFW 1998) and provides FMO 
habitat for the American River, Rattlesnake Creek, and Crow Creek local 
populations.
    (iv) Tieton River from the confluence with the Naches River 
upstream 34.3 km (21.3 mi) to Tieton Dam is currently occupied (J. 
Thomas, USFWS, pers. comm., 2002) and provides FMO habitat for local 
bull trout populations in the Naches River Basin. Bull trout in this 
reach may be from any one of the three isolated local populations that 
inhabit Rimrock Reservoir. These fish are often entrained into the 
Tieton River as water within Rimrock Reservoir is withdrawn (James 
2001). This reach will provide a migratory corridor to other local 
populations if passage is provided at Tieton Dam as specified in the 
Draft Recovery Plan (USFWS 2002).
    (v) Rimrock Reservoir (987 ha (2,438 ac)) and North Fork Tieton 
River upstream 1.4 km (0.9 mi) to Clear Lake Dam is currently occupied 
(WDFW 1998), and provides FMO habitat for the South Fork Tieton River 
and Indian Creek local populations. This reach will


[[Page 71299]]


also provide a migratory corridor to other local populations within the 
Yakima Basin if passage is provided at Tieton Dam and Clear Lake Dam as 
specified in the Draft Recovery Plan (USFWS 2002).
    (vi) South Fork Tieton River from the confluence with Rimrock 
Reservoir upstream 27.0 km (16.8 mi) to a natural barrier is currently 
occupied (WDFW 2002) and provides spawning and rearing habitat for the 
South Fork Tieton River local population. Short and Dirty Creek from 
the confluence with the South Fork Tieton River upstream approximately 
0.2 km (0.1 mi) to a natural barrier is currently occupied (WDFW 1998) 
rearing habitat for the South Fork Tieton River local population. 
Spruce Creek from the confluence with the South Fork Tieton River 
upstream approximately 0.8 km (0.5 mi) to a natural barrier is 
currently occupied and provides spawning and rearing habitat for the 
South Fork Tieton River local population (WDFW 1998). Grey Creek from 
the confluence with the South Fork Tieton River upstream approximately 
0.4 km (0.2 mi) to a natural barrier is currently occupied and provides 
spawning and rearing habitat for the South Fork Tieton River local 
population (WDFW 1998). Bear Creek from the confluence with the South 
Fork Tieton River upstream approximately 1.8 km (1.1 mi) to a natural 
barrier is currently occupied and contains spawning and rearing habitat 
for the South Fork Tieton River local population (WDFW 2002).
    (vii) Indian Creek from the confluence with Rimrock Reservoir 
upstream 8.1 km (5.0 mi) to a natural barrier is currently occupied and 
provides spawning and rearing habitat for the Indian Creek local 
population (WDFW 2002). Three springs which enter Indian Creek at rkm 
3.5 (rmi 2.2), rkm 4.3 (rmi 2.7), and rkm 5.2 (rmi 3.2), respectively, 
also provide spawning and rearing habitat.
    (viii) Clear Lake Reservoir (91 ha (225 ac)) may be currently 
occupied in very small numbers (E. Anderson, WDFW, in litt., 2002) and 
will provide FMO habitat for the recovered distribution of bull trout 
(USFWS 2002). The North Fork Tieton River from the confluence with 
Clear Lake Reservoir upstream 19.1 km (11.9 mi) to a natural barrier is 
currently occupied (Craig 1997), likely in low numbers, and provides 
spawning and rearing habitat essential to the recovered distribution of 
bull trout (USFWS 2002).
    (ix) Rattlesnake Creek from the confluence with the Naches River 
upstream 40.2 km (25.0 mi) to the headwaters is currently occupied 
(WDFW 2002) and provides essential FMO and spawning and rearing habitat 
for the Rattlesnake Creek local population of bull trout. Dog Creek 
from the confluence with Rattlesnake Creek upstream 1.1 km (0.7 mi) to 
the confluence with Lookout Creek; Hindoo Creek from the confluence 
with Dog Creek upstream 1.8 km (1.1 mi) to a natural barrier; and 
Little Wildcat Creek from the confluence with Rattlesnake Creek 
upstream 5.8 km (3.6 mi) to the headwaters provide currently occupied 
(WDFW 2002) spawning and rearing habitat for the Rattlesnake Creek 
local population.
    (x) Little Naches River from the confluence with the Naches River 
upstream 5.0 km (3.1 mi) to the confluence with Crow Creek is occupied 
FMO habitat supporting local populations in the Naches River Basin, 
particularly the Crow Creek local population (WDFW 1998).
    (xi) Crow Creek from the confluence with the Little Naches River 
upstream 15.1 km (9.4 mi) to the confluence with Falls Creek contains 
occupied spawning and rearing habitat for the Crow Creek local 
population (WDFW 2002).
    (xii) Bumping River from the confluence with the Naches River 
upstream 24.8 km (15.4 mi) to Bumping Dam contains occupied FMO habitat 
(Kalin and Ackerman 2002) for the local populations within the Naches 
River Basin. This reach will also provide a migratory corridor to other 
local populations within the Yakima River Core Area if passage is 
provided at Bumping Dam as specified in the Draft Recovery Plan (USFWS 
2002). Bumping Reservoir (532 ha (1,314 ac)) is occupied (WDFW 1998) 
and provides foraging and rearing habitat for the Deep Creek local 
population.
    (xiii) Deep Creek from the confluence with Bumping Reservoir 
upstream 5.6 km (3.5 mi) to a natural barrier approximately 305 m 
(1,000 ft) upstream from USFS Road 2008 crossing provides spawning and 
rearing habitat for the Deep Creek local population (WDFW 2002).
    (xiv) American River from the confluence with the Bumping River 
upstream 27.0 km (16.8 mi) to the confluence with Morris Creek provides 
spawning and rearing habitat for the American River local population 
(WDFW 2002). This reach also provides essential FMO habitat for the 
American River local population and other local populations within the 
Naches River Basin. Kettle Creek from the confluence with the American 
River upstream 3.2 km (2.0 mi) to a natural barrier, Union Creek from 
the confluence with the American River upstream 0.8 km (0.5 mi) to a 
natural barrier, and Timber Creek from the confluence with the American 
River upstream 0.8 km (0.5 mi) to a natural barrier provide spawning 
and rearing habitat for the American River local population (WDFW 
2002).
    (xv) Taneum Creek from the confluence with the Yakima River 
upstream 20.4 km (12.7 mi) to the confluence with the North and South 
Forks of Taneum Creek is not currently known to be occupied, but will 
provide FMO habitat for the recovered distribution of bull trout (USFWS 
2002). North Fork Taneum Creek from the confluence with Taneum Creek 
upstream 19.0 km (11.8 mi) to the headwaters, and South Fork Taneum 
Creek from the confluence with Taneum Creek upstream 13.8 km (8.6 mi) 
to the headwaters are not currently known to be occupied, but will 
provide FMO habitat for the recovered distribution of bull trout (USFWS 
2002).
    (xvi) Teanaway River from the confluence with the Yakima River 
upstream 19.5 km (12.1 mi) to the confluence of the Middle and West 
Forks Teanaway River provides FMO habitat for the Teanaway River local 
populations (Pearson et al. 1998). North Fork Teanaway River from the 
confluence with the Teanaway River upstream 30.7 km (19.1 mi) to the 
headwaters contains essential FMO and spawning and rearing habitat for 
the North Fork Teanaway River local population (Pearson et al. 1998; 
WDFW 2002). Jack Creek from the confluence with the North Fork Teanaway 
River upstream 10.9 km (6.8 mi) to the headwaters; Jungle Creek from 
the confluence with the North Fork Teanaway River upstream 6.4 km (4.0 
mi) to the headwaters; and DeRoux Creek from the confluence with the 
North Fork Teanaway River upstream 4.7 km (2.9 mi) to the headwaters 
provide spawning and rearing habitat for the North Fork Teanaway River 
local population (Pearson et al.1998; WDFW 1998, 2002).
    (xvii) Middle Fork Teanaway River from the confluence with the 
Teanaway River upstream 25.5 km (15.9 mi) to the headwaters is of 
unknown occupancy but provides suitable FMO and spawning and rearing 
habitat (E. Anderson, in litt., 2002) necessary for the recovered 
distribution of bull trout (USFWS 2002).
    (xviii) Cle Elum River from the confluence with the Yakima River 
upstream 13.2 km (8.2 mi) to Cle Elum Dam was historically occupied by 
bull trout (WDFW 1998), but the extent of current occupancy is unknown. 
This reach may provide essential FMO habitat for the mainstem Yakima 
River


[[Page 71300]]


population, and will provide a migratory corridor to other local 
populations upstream if passage is provided at Cle Elum Dam as 
stipulated in the Draft Recovery Plan (USFWS 2002).
    (xix) Cle Elum Reservoir (1,770 ha (4,375 ac)) provides FMO habitat 
for the Upper Cle Elum River local population (WDFW 1998), and will 
provide a migratory corridor between other local populations within the 
Yakima Basin if passage is provided at Cle Elum Dam, as stipulated in 
the Draft Recovery Plan (USFWS 2002). The Cle Elum River from the 
confluence with the Cle Elum Reservoir upstream 34.8 km (21.6 mi) to 
the headwaters provides spawning and rearing habitat for the Cle Elum 
River local population (P. James, Central Washington University, pers. 
comm., 2002; WDFW 2002) and may also provide FMO habitat as well. The 
Cooper River from the confluence with the Cle Elum River upstream 22.7 
km (14.1 mi) to the headwaters is currently of unknown occupancy, but 
would provide both FMO and spawning and rearing habitat for the 
recovered distribution of the Cle Elum River local population (USFWS 
2002). The Waptus River from the confluence with the Cle Elum River 
upstream 21.2 km (13.2 mi) to its headwaters provides spawning, 
rearing, and FMO habitat for the Upper Cle Elum River local population 
(WDFW 1998; Hisata 1999). Fortune Creek from the confluence with the 
Cle Elum River upstream 7.2 km (4.5 mi) to the headwaters provides 
spawning and rearing habitat (T. Mayo, USFS, pers. comm., 2002).
    (xx) Kachess River from the confluence with the Yakima River 
upstream 1.4 km (0.9 mi) to Kachess Dam is of unknown occupancy, but 
likely provides FMO habitat for the mainstem Yakima River local 
population and will provide a migratory corridor to other local 
populations within the Yakima Basin if passage is provided at Kachess 
Dam (USFWS 2002).
    (xxi) Kachess Reservoir (1,734 ha (4,260 ac)) provides FMO habitat 
for the Box Canyon and Upper Kachess River local populations (WDFW 
2002), and will provide a migratory corridor to other local populations 
within the Yakima River Core Area if passage is provided at Kachess Dam 
(USFWS 2002). Box Canyon Creek from the confluence with Kachess 
Reservoir upstream 2.6 km (1.6 mi) to a natural barrier provides 
spawning and rearing habitat for the Box Canyon Creek local population 
(WDFW 2002). Kachess River upstream of Kachess Reservoir from the 
confluence with Kachess Reservoir upstream 3.2 km (2.0 mi) to a natural 
barrier provides essential spawning and rearing habitat for the Upper 
Kachess River local population (Meyer 2002; WDFW 2002). Mineral Creek 
from the confluence with the Kachess River upstream 1.0 km (0.6 mi) to 
a natural barrier provides rearing habitat for the Upper Kachess River 
local population (Meyer 2002; WDFW 2002).
    (xxii) Keechelus Reservoir (961 ha (2,374 ac)) provides FMO habitat 
for the Gold Creek local population, and will provide a migratory 
corridor to other local populations within the Yakima Basin, if passage 
is provided at Kachess Dam, as stipulated in the Draft Recovery Plan 
(USFWS 2002). Gold Creek from Keechelus Reservoir upstream 11.4 km (7.1 
mi) to a natural barrier contains essential spawning and rearing 
habitat for the Gold Creek local population (WDFW 2002).


(25) Unit 21: Upper Columbia River Basin


    The Upper Columbia River Basin includes three CHSUs in central and 
northern Washington on the east slopes of the Cascade Mountains: (1) 
Wenatchee River CHSU in Chelan County; (2) Entiat River CHSU in Chelan 
County; and (3) Methow River CHSU in Okanogan County. A total of 909.7 
km (565.4 mi) of streams and 1,010 ha (2,497 ac) of lake surface area 
are proposed for critical habitat.
    Proposed critical habitat includes 364 km (226.1 mi) of stream in 
21 stream reaches and one lake (990 ha; 2,445 ac) in the Wenatchee 
River CHSU, 78.5 km (48.8 mi) of stream in three stream reaches in the 
Entiat River CHSU, and 486.3 km (302.2 mi) of stream in 26 stream 
reaches and three lakes that total 22.6 ha (55.9 ac) in the Methow 
River CHSU.
(i) Wenatchee River CHSU
    This CHSU contains the largest known populations of bull trout in 
the Upper Columbia River Basin, and includes the mainstem Wenatchee 
River and tributaries from the Columbia River up to their headwaters. 
Landownership along the stream reaches proposed for critical habitat is 
59 percent Federal land and 41 percent private land. The ownership of 
the shoreline of the lake proposed for critical habitat is 40 percent 
Federal land and 60 percent private land. Currently, there are six 
migratory local populations in the Wenatchee River core area: Peshastin 
Creek (including Ingalls Creek), Chiwaukum Creek, Chiwawa River 
(including Chikamin, Rock, Phelps, James, Alpine, and Buck Creeks), 
Nason Creek (including Mill Creek), Little Wenatchee River (below the 
falls), and White River (including Canyon and Panther Creeks). There is 
also a resident bull trout population in Icicle Creek above the barrier 
falls.
    (A) Wenatchee River from the confluence with the Columbia River 
upstream 87.2 km (54.2 mi) to Lake Wenatchee provides FMO habitat 
(Kreiter 2001, 2002) for at least four of the six local migratory bull 
trout populations upstream. Lake Wenatchee (approximately 990 ha (2,445 
ac) provides FMO habitat (USFWS 2002) for the Chiwawa River, Little 
Wenatchee River, White River, and likely the Nason Creek local 
populations.
    (B) Peshastin Creek from the confluence with the Wenatchee River 
upstream 17.4 km (10.8 mi) to the confluence with Negro Creek provides 
FMO habitat for the Peshastin Creek local population (USFWS 1997a; 
1998). Ingalls Creek from its mouth on Peshastin Creek upstream 16.3 km 
(10.1 mi) to a barrier falls provides essential spawning and rearing 
habitat for the Peshastin Creek local population (USFWS 1997a).
    (C) Icicle Creek from its mouth on the Wenatchee River upstream 8.8 
km (5.5 mi) to a potential barrier (complex boulder area) provides 
essential FMO habitat for migratory bull trout. Spawning and rearing 
habitat occurs from this point upstream to the falls at rkm 48.3. This 
area is occupied by a resident population that has been isolated since 
1940 by a fish barrier at the Leavenworth National Fish Hatchery, and 
possibly longer if the boulder area at rkm 8.8 poses an absolute 
barrier. Jack Creek from its mouth on Icicle Creek at rkm 27.7 (rmi 
17.2) upstream 11.4 km (7.1 mi) to a barrier falls provides essential 
spawning and rearing habitat for the Icicle Creek local population 
(USFWS 1997a). French Creek from its mouth on Icicle Creek at rkm 34.8 
(rmi 21.6) upstream 8.8 km (5.5 mi) to a barrier falls also provides 
spawning and rearing habitat for bull trout in the Icicle Creek local 
population.
    (D) Chiwaukum Creek from its mouth on the Wenatchee River at rkm 
57.8 upstream 10.5 km (6.5 mi) to a barrier falls provides spawning and 
rearing habitat for bull trout in the Chiwaukum Creek population 
(USFWS, in litt., 2002).
    (E) Chiwawa River from its confluence with the Wenatchee River 
upstream 53.3 km (33.1 mi) to a barrier falls provides essential FMO 
habitat up to Grouse Creek at rkm 31.2, and spawning and rearing 
habitat from that point upstream to rkm 53.3 (Hillman


[[Page 71301]]


and Miller 2002). The Chiwawa River local population is the largest 
population in the Wenatchee Basin. Chikamin Creek from its mouth on the 
Chiwawa River at rkm 22.2 upstream 13.4 km (8.4 mi) to its headwaters 
(Hillman and Miller 2002), Rock Creek from its mouth on the Chiwawa 
River at rkm 34.3 upstream 9.3 km (5.8 mi) to a barrier falls (USFS 
2002a), Phelps Creek from its mouth on the Chiwawa River at rkm 48.6 
upstream 1.6 km (1.0 mi) to a barrier falls, James Creek from its mouth 
on the Chiwawa River at rkm 50.2 upstream 0.5 km (0.3 mi) to a gradient 
barrier (USFWS, in litt., 2001), Alpine Creek from its mouth on the 
Chiwawa River at rkm 51.0 upstream to a gradient barrier at rkm 0.2 
(USFWS, in litt., 2001), and Buck Creek from its mouth on the Chiwawa 
River at rkm 53.1 upstream 0.6 km (0.4 mi) to a barrier falls (USFWS, 
in litt., 2001) provide essential spawning and rearing habitat for the 
Chiwawa River local population.
    (F) Nason Creek from its mouth on the Wenatchee River at rkm 86.2 
(rmi 53.5) upstream 34.9 km (21.7 mi) to a barrier falls provides FMO 
habitat in the lower reaches to the confluence with Whitepine Creek at 
rkm 24.8, and spawning and rearing habitat in the upper reaches (USFWS 
2002). Mill Creek from its mouth on Nason Creek at rkm 33.0 (rmi 20.5) 
upstream to barrier falls at rkm 1.0 provides the only other known 
spawning and rearing habitat for the Nason Creek local population 
(USFWS 2002).
    (G) Little Wenatchee River from its mouth at the upper end of Lake 
Wenatchee upstream to a barrier (falls) at rkm 12.6 contains spawning 
and rearing habitat for the Little Wenatchee local population (J. 
DeLaVergne, USFWS, pers. comm., 2001). In addition to providing 
spawning and rearing habitat, it appears to provide a foraging area for 
bull trout using Lake Wenatchee (USFWS 2002).
    (H) White River from its mouth at the upper end of Lake Wenatchee 
upstream to a barrier falls at rkm 23.0 provides one of only two main 
spawning areas for the White River local population (USFWS 2002). In 
addition to providing spawning and rearing habitat, it appears to 
provide a foraging area for bull trout using Lake Wenatchee (USFWS 
2002). Canyon Creek from its mouth on the White River at rkm 15.2 
upstream to its headwaters at rkm 6.3 is at least seasonally occupied 
(J. DeLaVergne, USFWS, pers. comm., 2002), and provides potential 
spawning and rearing habitat for the recovered distribution of bull 
trout (USFWS 2002). The Napeequa River from its mouth on the White 
River at rkm 15.2 (rmi 9.4) upstream 3.5 km (2.2 mi) to a barrier falls 
is at least seasonally occupied (J. DeLaVergne, USFWS pers. comm., 
2002), may provide spawning and rearing habitat (WDFW 1992), and may 
also provide valuable foraging habitat due to the presence of spawning 
sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) and their progeny. Panther Creek 
from its mouth on the White River at rkm 21.1 (rmi 13.1) upstream 1.1 
km (0.7 mi) to a barrier falls provides occupied spawning and rearing 
habitat (USFWS 2002) and is probably the main spawning area for the 
White River local population.
(ii) Entiat River CHSU
    The Entiat River CHSU includes the Entiat River and its 
tributaries. The apex of the watershed is at the Cascade crest and 
water flows east towards the Columbia Plateau. The Entiat River drains 
into the Columbia River near the city of Entiat. Landownership along 
the stream reaches proposed for critical habitat within the Entiat 
River CHSU is approximately 47 percent Federal land and 53 percent 
private land. There are two local populations in the Entiat CHSU: 
Entiat River and Mad River (including Tillicum Creek).
    (A) Entiat River from confluence with the Columbia River at rkm 
778.3 (rmi 483.3) upstream to a barrier falls at rkm 47.0 (rmi 29.2) is 
occupied and provides FMO habitat (Kreiter 2001, 2002) in the lower 
reaches (up to about rkm 25.7 (rmi 16.0)), and spawning and rearing 
habitat from that point upstream to the falls (USFWS 1997b, 1999c, 
2000b, 2002).
    (B) Mad River from the confluence with the Entiat River upstream 
31.5 km (19.6 mi) to a barrier cascades is occupied (WDFW 1992), 
provides essential FMO habitat in the lower reaches (Kreiter 2001, 
2002), and spawning a rearing habitat from that point upstream to the 
barrier (USFS 2002a). The Mad River provides the majority of the known 
spawning and rearing habitat in the Entiat CHSU. Tillicum Creek from 
the confluence with the Mad River upstream 4.7 km (2.9 mi) to a barrier 
falls contains habitat of unknown occupancy, but that is suspected to 
support bull trout spawning and rearing (WDFW 1998), and that is 
necessary to provide for the recovered distribution of bull trout 
(USFWS 2002).
(iii) Methow River CHSU
    The Methow River CHSU is located on the eastern slopes of the 
Cascade Mountains in northern Washington. The Methow River drains into 
the Columbia River near the town of Pateros. The CHSU includes the 
mainstem Methow River and tributaries from the Columbia River up to 
their headwaters. Landownership along the stream reaches proposed for 
critical habitat within this CHSU is 59 percent Federal land and 41 
percent private land. The three lakes are entirely surrounded by 
Federal land. Currently, there are eight local populations of bull 
trout identified (USFWS 2002) in the Methow CHSU: Gold Creek (including 
Crater Creek), Twisp River (including Buttermilk, Bridge, Reynolds, and 
North creeks), Chewuch River (including Lake Creek), Wolf Creek, Early 
Winters Creek, Upper Methow River, Lost River, and Goat Creek. 
Adfluvial, fluvial, and resident forms of bull trout are all present.
    (A) Methow River from the confluence with the Columbia River at rkm 
843.0 (rmi 523.5) upstream to its confluence with the Lost River at rkm 
117.5 is occupied and provides essential FMO habitat (Kreiter 2001, 
2002) to facilitate bull trout migration between the Columbia River, 
Methow River and the eight local populations. The Methow River from the 
confluence with the Lost River upstream to the West Fork of the Methow 
River at rkm 133.2 (rmi 82.7) provides essential spawning and rearing 
habitat for the Upper Methow River local population. Robinson Creek 
from its confluence with the Methow River upstream to its headwaters, 
and Rattlesnake Creek from its confluence with the Methow River 
upstream to a barrier falls at rkm 1.9, are of unknown occupancy, but 
may be accessible in their lower reaches and may provide essential 
spawning and rearing habitat for the recovered distribution of the 
Upper Methow River local population (USFWS 2002). Trout Creek from its 
confluence with the Methow River upstream 11.6 km (7.2 mi) to its 
headwaters provides occupied spawning and rearing habitat for the Upper 
Methow River local population (WDFW 1998).
    (B) Gold Creek from the confluence with the Methow River upstream 
1.8 km (1.1 mi) to the confluence of the North Fork and South Fork of 
Gold Creek, and the North Fork of Gold Creek from the confluence of the 
North Fork and South Fork of Gold Creek upstream 8.4 km (5.2 mi) to the 
confluence with Crater Creek, are all of unknown occupancy by bull 
trout, but provide essential FMO habitat to connect bull trout that 
spawn and rear in Crater Creek with foraging habitat in the Methow 
River, as well as to provide habitat for the recovered distribution of 
bull trout (USFWS 2002). Crater Creek from the confluence with North 
Fork Gold Creek upstream 4.7 km (2.9 mi) to a barrier falls is 
currently


[[Page 71302]]


occupied and provides essential spawning and rearing habitat for the 
Gold Creek local population.
    (C) Beaver Creek from confluence with the Methow River at rkm 56.6 
(rmi 35.1) upstream to the confluence with Blue Buck Creek provides 
historical FMO habitat (WDFW 1998) to restore connectivity of isolated 
resident bull trout populations in Blue Buck Creek with the Methow 
River and its associated bull trout populations. Addressing human-made 
barriers and habitat restoration are necessary to allow migratory bull 
trout to utilize this area to provide for the recovered distribution of 
bull trout (USFWS 2002). Blue Buck Creek from its confluence with 
Beaver Creek upstream to a barrier falls at rkm 3.5 is currently 
occupied by a resident population of bull trout that is thought to have 
historically included a migratory component (WDFW 1998).
    (D) Twisp River from the confluence with the Methow River at rkm 
64.7 (rmi 40.2) upstream 47.5 km (29.5 mi) to the confluence of the 
North Fork and South Fork provides FMO habitat (Kreiter 2001, 2002) 
from the mouth up to the confluence with Little Bridge Creek at rkm 
15.0 and spawning and rearing habitat (USFS 2002b) from that point 
upstream to the confluence of the North Fork and South Fork. Little 
Bridge Creek from the confluence with the Twisp River upstream 15.8 km 
(9.8 mi) to its headwaters provides habitat necessary for the recovered 
distribution of bull trout (USFWS 2002). Buttermilk Creek from the 
confluence with the Twisp River upstream 4.0 km (2.5 mi) to the East 
and West Forks of Buttermilk Creek is at least seasonally occupied 
(Kreiter 2001, 2002) and provides FMO habitat. The East Fork of 
Buttermilk Creek from the confluence with Buttermilk Creek upstream 4.8 
km (3.0 mi) to a series of falls that form a barrier, and the West Fork 
of Buttermilk Creek from the confluence with Buttermilk Creek upstream 
14.5 km (9.0 mi) to its headwaters, are currently occupied and provide 
spawning and rearing habitat for the Twisp River local population (J. 
DeLaVergne, pers. comm., 2001; USFS 2002b). Reynolds Creek from the 
confluence with the Twisp River at rkm 33.6 upstream 1.1 km (0.7 mi) to 
a barrier falls, and North Creek from the confluence with the Twisp 
River at rkm 42.0 upstream 1.3 km (0.8 mi) to a barrier falls are 
currently occupied and provide essential spawning and rearing habitat 
for the Twisp River local population (WDFW 1998; USFS 2002b).
    (E) Chewuch River from the confluence with the Methow River at rkm 
80.6 upstream 52.0 km (32.3 mi) to a barrier falls provides FMO habitat 
up to the confluence with Lake Creek at rkm 38.1 and spawning and 
rearing habitat from that point up to the barrier falls (J. DeLaVergne, 
pers. comm., 2001). Lake Creek from its confluence with the Chewuch 
River upstream 12.6 km (7.8 mi) to the upper limits of Black Lake, and 
including Black Lake, is currently occupied FMO habitat. From Black 
Lake upstream to a barrier falls (15.8 km (9.8 mi)) above the 
confluence with the Chewuch River is where spawning and rearing habitat 
occurs (USFS 1994b, 1995a; 2002b).
    (F) Wolf Creek from the confluence with the Methow River at rkm 
85.0 (rmi 52.8) upstream 17.1 km (10.6 mi) to a barrier falls provides 
essential FMO habitat from its mouth up to the wilderness boundary at 
rkm 7.4 (rmi 4.6), and essential spawning and rearing habitat from that 
point up to the barrier falls (WDFW 1998; USFS 2002b).
    (G) Goat Creek from its confluence with the Methow River at rkm 
103.0 upstream 20.4 km (12.7 mi) to its headwaters is currently 
occupied by both resident and fluvial bull trout (WDFW 1998), provides 
FMO habitat up to Vanderpool Crossing at rkm 10.9 (rmi 6.8), and 
spawning and rearing habitat from there up to its headwaters (J. 
DeLaVergne, pers. comm., 2001; B. Kelly Ringel, USFS, pers. comm., 
2002).
    (H) Early Winters Creek from the confluence with the Methow River 
at rkm 108.3 upstream 26.5 km (16.5 mi) to its headwaters contains both 
FMO habitat and the primary spawning and rearing habitat for this local 
population. Fluvial bull trout are found downstream of a falls at rkm 
12.9, and resident bull trout are found upstream of this point (WDFW 
1998; USFS 2002b). Recently, some migratory sized bull trout have also 
been noted above the falls (J. DeLaVergne, pers. comm., 2001). Cedar 
Creek from its confluence with Early Winters Creek upstream 4.0 km (2.4 
mi) to a barrier falls also provides spawning and rearing habitat for 
the Early Winters Creek local population (USFS 2002b). Huckleberry 
Creek from its confluence with Cedar Creek at rkm 3.5 upstream 7.1 km 
(4.4 mi) to its headwaters contains suitable spawning and rearing 
habitat necessary to provide for the recovered distribution of bull 
trout (USFWS 2002).
    (I) The Lost River from its confluence with the Methow River 
upstream to the confluence with Monument Creek at rkm 12.4 provides FMO 
habitat. The Lost River from approximately rkm 20.4 (rmi 12.7) upstream 
to rkm 31.7 (rmi 19.7), about 1 km (0.6 mi) below Cougar Lake, contains 
the primary bull trout spawning and rearing habitat in this basin (WDFW 
1998). From Cougar Lake at rkm 32.7 (rmi 20.3) upstream to Middle 
Hidden Lake at rkm 36.2 (rmi 22.5) contains FMO and spawning and 
rearing habitat as well (USFS 2000b; B. Hallock, USFWS, pers. comm., 
2002). Female size at maturity has shown the Lost River bull trout 
population to be composed of resident fish, though there may be some 
exchange with the Cougar Lake adfluvial stock (WDFW 1998). Both 
resident populations and adfluvial bull trout from Cougar Lake spawn 
and rear in the Lost River (WDFW 1998; USFS 2002b). Access to spawning 
and rearing habitat in this drainage is naturally disrupted by rock 
slides across the river at rkm11.6 (rmi 7.2) and rkm19.3 (rmi 12.0) 
that both appear to be comparatively recent barriers. The Lost River 
also flows subsurface for about 6 to 8 km (4 to 5 mi) between Drake 
Creek (at rkm 18.8 (rmi 11.7)) and Monument Creek (at rkm 12.4 (rmi 
7.7)), and for about 1.0 km (0.6 mi) below Cougar Lake (at rkm 32.7 
(rmi 20.3)) (Washington State Conservation Commission (WSCC) 2000). 
Monument Creek from the confluence with the Lost River upstream to its 
headwaters provides essential spawning and rearing habitat for the Lost 
River local population. Cougar Lake (approximately 7.6 ha (18.7 ac)), 
First Hidden Lake (approximately 7.3 ha (18 ac)), and Middle Hidden 
Lake (approximately 7.7 ha (19.1 ac)) provide FMO and rearing habitat 
for adfluvial bull trout (WDFW 1998).
    (J) The West Fork of the Methow River from the confluence with the 
Methow River upstream 14.5 km (9.0 mi) to a barrier falls provides the 
primary spawning and rearing habitat for the Upper Methow River local 
population (USFS 2002b).


(26) Unit 22: Northeast Washington River Basins


    The Northeast Washington unit includes bull trout above Chief 
Joseph Dam on the Columbia River. Major tributaries in the unit include 
the Sanpoil, Spokane, Kettle, Colville, and Pend Oreille Rivers. A 
total of 373.1 km (231.9 mi) of streams and 1,166 ha (2,880 ac) of lake 
surface area are proposed as critical habitat within this unit.
(i) Pend Oreille River CHSU
    The Pend Oreille River CHSU is in the northeast corner of 
Washington State and includes the Pend Oreille River and all 
tributaries from Boundary Dam upstream to Albeni Falls Dam in Idaho. 
Only about 4.0 km (2.5 mi) of the Pend Oreille River and tributary 
waters within this CHSU are located in Idaho (Bonner County), with the 
remainder of


[[Page 71303]]


the CHSU within Pend Oreille County, Washington (Northwest Power 
Planning Council (NPPC) 2001). The basin encompasses 279,720 ha 
(691,200 ac) of which approximately 58 percent is public land managed 
by the USFS (Colville National Forest); 4 percent is State land, 1 
percent is Tribal land, and 37 percent private lands. The USFWS also 
manages a small parcel of land as a unit of the Little Pend Oreille 
National Wildlife Refuge (Cusick Unit) near Cusick, Washington. Of the 
approximately 3,553 km (2,208 mi) of tributary streams that occur in 
this CHSU, 255.5 km (158.8 mi) are proposed for bull trout critical 
habitat, as well as approximately 117.6 km (73.1 mi) of the Pend 
Oreille River from Boundary Dam to Albeni Falls Dam, for a total 373.1 
km (231.9 mi) of proposed critical habitat for this CHSU.
    (A) The Pend Oreille River from Boundary Dam upstream 117.6 km 
(73.1 mi) to Albeni Falls Dam provides FMO habitat for the recovered 
distribution of bull trout (USFWS 2002). This reach includes Box Canyon 
Reservoir with a surface area of 2,983 ha (7,371 ac). Bull trout are at 
least occasionally present in this reach (Bennett and Liter 1991; M. 
Liter, IDFG, pers. comm., 2002; C. Donnelly, WDFW, pers. comm., 2002). 
Boundary Reservoir, a 27.4 km (17.0 mi) impoundment with a surface area 
of 664 ha (1,640 ac) at full pool elevation is also included in this 
reach. Bull trout are present in this reach (R2 Resource Consultants, 
Inc. 1998, citing C. Vail, WDFW, pers. comm., 1996; R2 Resource 
Consultants 1998, 2000). The mouths of tributaries provided localized 
zones of well defined cool water refugia in Boundary Reservoir in 1996. 
Small areas of cold water that provide refugia for bull trout were 
identified at the mouths of Sullivan, Flume, Slate, and Pee Wee Creeks 
(R2 Resource Consultants, Inc. 1998).
    (B) Slate Creek from its confluence with the Pend Oreille River 
upstream 16.3 km (10.1 mi) to its headwaters provides spawning and 
rearing habitat necessary for the recovered distribution of bull trout 
(USFWS 2002). Reproduction is not currently known to occur within Slate 
Creek, but several bull trout have been captured at or near the mouth 
of Slate Creek in recent years (USFS 1999d; Terrapin Environmental 
2000), including two migratory-sized individuals caught by angling in 
the early 1990s, indicating the presence of migratory bull trout using 
Slate Creek (T. Shuhda, USFS, pers. comm., 2002). Habitat capable of 
supporting strong and significant populations of native salmonids, 
particularly bull trout, exists throughout the Slate Creek watershed 
(USFS 1999d).
    (C) Sullivan Creek from its confluence with the Pend Oreille River 
upstream 35.3 km (22.0 mi) to its headwaters, provides FMO habitat in 
the lower reaches and spawning and rearing habitat in the upper reaches 
necessary for the recovered distribution of bull trout (USFWS 2002). 
Reproduction is not currently known to occur in Sullivan Creek; only 
one large adfluvial bull trout has been documented in these waters in 
recent years (USFS 1999e), and the 5.2 km (3.2 mi) reach from Mill Pond 
Dam down to the stream's confluence with Boundary Reservoir is believed 
to contain fewer than 50 adult bull trout (USFS 1999e). Outlet Creek 
from the confluence with Sullivan Creek upstream 19.3 km (12.0 mi) to 
the uppermost extent of the waters in Sullivan Lake provides FMO 
habitat necessary for the recovered distribution of bull trout (USFWS 
2002). Establishing fish passage at both Mill Pond Dam and Sullivan 
Lake Dam is identified as an important bull trout recovery task (USFWS 
2002). The entire area 502 ha (1,240 ac) of Sullivan Lake, which is a 
natural, deep, oligotrophic (deficient in plant nutrients) lake with a 
maximum depth of 95 m (312 ft) (T. Shuhda, pers. comm., 2002). It 
contains a strong forage base of kokanee salmon (O. nerka) and provides 
cold water refugia during summer months due to well developed thermal 
stratification. Harvey Creek from its confluence with Sullivan Lake 
upstream 18.3 km (11.4 mi) to its headwaters at Bunch Grass Lake 
provides spawning and rearing habitat necessary for the recovered 
distribution of bull trout (USFWS 2002). Harvey Creek has permanent 
water flow and provides good quality habitat for bull trout and other 
native salmonids (USFS 1999e). This stream has no migration barriers 
and is a stronghold for native westslope cutthroat trout populations in 
the Sullivan Creek watershed.
    (D) Cedar Creek from its confluence with the Pend Oreille River 
upstream 16.1 km (10.0 mi) to its headwaters provides spawning and 
rearing habitat necessary for the recovered distribution of bull trout 
(USFWS 2002). Additionally, in September 1995, one bull trout measuring 
460 mm (18 in) in length was observed above the Ione Municipal Dam 
during stream surveys conducted by the Kalispel Tribe (J. Maroney, 
Kalispell Tribe, pers. comm., 2002). There is no information on the 
origin or life history form of this fish, but the USFS suggests that 
this bull trout must have been a product of a spawning population above 
Ione Municipal Dam (USFS 1999f).
    (E) Ruby Creek from its confluence with the Pend Oreille River 
upstream 21.1 km (13.1 mi) to its headwaters provides FMO habitat in 
the lower reaches and spawning and rearing habitat necessary for the 
recovered distribution of bull trout in the upper reaches (USFWS 2002). 
Bull trout are not currently known to occupy Ruby Creek.
    (F) LeClerc Creek from the confluence with the Pend Oreille River 
upstream 1.9 km (1.2 mi) to the confluence of the West Branch of 
LeClerc Creek and the East Branch of LeClerc Creek is currently 
occupied FMO habitat (S. Toth, Plum Creek Timber Company, in litt., 
1993), and also provides habitat necessary for the recovered 
distribution of bull trout (USFWS 2002). The West Branch of LeClerc 
Creek from the confluence with the Pend Oreille River upstream 24.8 km 
(15.4 mi) to its headwaters is occupied and provides spawning and 
rearing habitat for the LeClerc Creek bull trout population complex (T. 
Shuhda, pers. comm., 2002). East Branch of LeClerc Creek from the 
confluence with the Pend Oreille River upstream 20.8 km (12.9 mi) to 
the headwaters is occupied and provides spawning and rearing habitat 
for the LeClerc Creek population complex. Fourth of July Creek from its 
confluence with the East Branch of LeClerc Creek upstream 6.1 km (3.8 
mi) to the headwaters provides spawning and rearing habitat, as well as 
habitat necessary to provide for the recovered distribution of bull 
trout (USFWS 2002). Bull trout have been noted at the mouth of this 
creek (J. Maroney, Kalispel Tribe, pers. comm., 2001), although 
spawning activity has not been confirmed. Water temperatures in Fourth 
of July Creek are cooler than water temperatures in the East Branch of 
LeClerc Creek, and habitat is suitable for bull trout spawning and 
rearing (T. Shuhda, pers. comm., 2002).
    (G) Mill Creek from its confluence with the Pend Oreille River 
upstream 2.1 km (1.3 mi) to a barrier falls is occupied by bull trout 
(J. Maroney, Kalispel Tribe pers. comm., 2001), and also provides 
spawning and rearing habitat necessary to provide for the recovered 
distribution of bull trout (USFWS 2002).
    (H) Tacoma Creek from its confluence with the Pend Oreille River, 
the North Fork of the South Fork of Tacoma Creek from the confluence 
with the South Fork Tacoma Creek, and the South Fork of Tacoma Creek 
from the confluence with Tacoma Creek upstream a total of 61.7 km (38.3 
mi) to their respective


[[Page 71304]]


headwaters, provide FMO and spawning and rearing habitat necessary to 
provide for the recovered distribution of bull trout (USFWS 2002). 
These creeks are not currently known to be occupied by bull trout, but 
provide suitable habitat (T. Shuhda, pers. comm., 2002).
    (I) Calispell Creek from its confluence with the Pend Oreille River 
upstream 4.2. km (2.6 mi) to the confluence with Smalle Creek is not 
currently known to be occupied by bull trout but provides FMO habitat 
necessary to provide for the recovered distribution of bull trout 
(USFWS 2002). Smalle Creek from its confluence with Calispell Creek 
upstream 10.6 km (6.6 mi) to a barrier falls, and East Fork of Smalle 
Creek from its confluence with Smalle Creek upstream 6.8 km (4.2 mi) to 
a barrier falls are not currently known to be occupied by bull trout, 
but provide suitable spawning and rearing habitat necessary to provide 
for the recovered distribution of bull trout (T. Shuhda, pers. comm., 
2002; USFWS 2002).
    (J) Indian Creek from its confluence with the Pend Oreille River 
upstream 8.5 km (5.3 mi) to the headwaters provides spawning and 
rearing habitat that may be currently utilized, but is also necessary 
to provide for the recovered distribution of bull trout (USFWS 2002). A 
gravid (pregnant) female bull trout has been documented in Indian Creek 
in recent years (J. Maroney, Kalispell Tribe, pers. comm., 2000). 
Indian Creek has 21.5 square meters per kilometer of suitable bull 
trout spawning habitat (Kalispel Natural Resource Department and WDFW 
1995).


(27) Unit 23: Snake River Basin in Washington


    The Snake River Washington Unit includes two critical habitat 
subunits (CHSU) located in southeast Washington: (1) the Tucannon River 
CHSU located in Columbia and Garfield counties, and (2) the Asotin 
Creek CHSU within Garfield and Asotin counties. A total of 326 km (203 
mi) of stream reaches are proposed as critical habitat within this 
unit.
(i) Tucannon River CHSU
    The Tucannon River CHSU encompasses the Tucannon River, Little 
Tucannon River, and Pataha Creek watersheds and their immediate major 
and minor tributaries. Landownership in the Tucannon River CHSU is 
comprised of 71 percent Federal lands; 23 percent State or local 
government lands, and 6 percent privately owned lands. The Tucannon 
River CHSU currently contains eight streams supporting local bull trout 
populations, and three streams identified in the draft Bull Trout 
Recovery Plan (USFWS 2002) as essential streams to meet recovery 
criteria population goals. Proposed critical habitat in the Tucannon 
River CHSU includes a total of rkm 167.5 (rmi 104.1) in 12 streams 
within the subunit.
    (A) Tucannon River from its confluence with the Snake River 
upstream 91.9 km (57.1 mi) to the waterfall below Buckley Ridge 
(approximately 4.8 km (3.0 mi) above the confluence of Bear Creek with 
the Tucannon River) provides FMO habitat in the lower reaches, and 
spawning and rearing habitat in the upper reaches for the Tucannon 
River local population (USFS, unpublished 1992a, unpublished 2001a; 
Martin et al. 1992; Underwood et al. 1995; WDFW 1997). The lower 
Tucannon River is also an important migratory corridor to spawning 
areas upstream in the watershed (G. Mendel, WDFW, pers. comm., 2002).
    (B) Cummings Creek from the confluence with the Tucannon River 
upstream approximately 17.1 km (10.6 mi) to the point where water from 
Little Bear Wallow Spring enters Cummings Creek provides spawning and 
rearing habitat (WDFW 1997; USFS, unpublished 1992b) necessary for the 
recovered distribution for bull trout (USFWS 2002).
    (C) Hixon Creek from the confluence with the Tucannon River 
upstream approximately 4.0 km (2.5 mi) to its headwaters was 
historically occupied (M. Schuck, WDFW, pers. comm., 2002), and 
provides spawning and rearing habitat necessary for the recovered 
distribution of bull trout (USFWS 2002).
    (D) Little Tucannon River from its confluence with the Tucannon 
River upstream approximately 8.5 km (5.25 mi) to its headwaters has 
been documented as providing habitat for bull trout (USFS, unpublished 
1992c), and provides spawning and rearing habitat necessary for the 
recovered distribution of bull trout (USFWS 2002).
    (E) Panjab Creek from its confluence with the Tucannon River 
upstream 11.3 km (7 mi) to its headwaters provides spawning and rearing 
habitat for the Panjab Creek local population (USFS, unpublished 
1992d).
    (F) Meadow Creek from its confluence with Panjab Creek upstream 
10.5 km (6.5 mi) to its headwaters at Godman Spring provides spawning 
and rearing habitat for the Meadow Creek local population (USFS, 
unpublished 1992e).
    (G) Turkey Creek from its confluence with Panjab Creek upstream 5.2 
km (3.25 mi) to its headwaters provides spawning and rearing habitat 
for the Turkey Creek local population (USFS, unpublished 1992f).
    (H) Little Turkey Creek from the confluence with Meadow Creek 
upstream 5.5 km (3.4 mi) to its headwaters provides spawning and 
rearing habitat for the Little Turkey Creek local population (USFS, in 
litt., 2002).
    (I) Cold Creek from the confluence with the Tucannon River upstream 
3.2 km (2 mi) to a 3 m (10 ft) water fall provides spawning and rearing 
habitat for the Cold Creek local population (USFS, unpublished 1992h, 
in litt., 2002).
    (J) Sheep Creek from the confluence with the Tucannon River 
upstream 0.8 km (0.5 mi) to a 6.6 m (22 ft) waterfall provides spawning 
and rearing habitat for the Sheep Creek local population (USFS, 
unpublished 1992i, in litt., 2002).
    (K) Bear Creek from the confluence with the Tucannon River upstream 
4.8 km (3 mi) to a 3 m (10 ft) waterfall provides spawning and rearing 
habitat for the Bear Creek local population (USFS, in litt., 2002).
(ii) Asotin Creek CHSU
    Asotin Creek is a tributary to the Snake River located in Asotin 
and Garfield counties, Washington. Asotin Creek drains a portion of the 
northern slopes of the Blue Mountains of southeastern Washington State 
and enters the Snake River upstream of Clarkston, Washington at rkm 
233.5 (rmi 145.0). The Asotin Creek watershed landownership is 
approximately 31 percent Federally owned land, 8 percent State and 
local government owned land, and 61 percent privately owned land. Bull 
trout in Asotin Creek are currently known to occur in headwater 
locations only, and may be primarily resident fish. Historically, bull 
trout distribution in the Asotin Creek CHSU was thought to be much more 
extensive and contain both resident and migratory bull trout (WDFW 
1997; USFS 1998e). The streams or stream reaches in the Asotin Creek 
CHSU proposed for designation as critical habitat are those identified 
by the Recovery Unit Team as containing bull trout populations, or 
those that may not be known to be currently occupied, but contain 
necessary constituent elements to support spawning and rearing. The 
Asotin Creek CHSU currently contains two streams which support local 
bull trout populations, and eight streams that have potential to 
support spawning populations and are identified in the draft Snake 
River Washington Bull Trout Recovery Plan as essential streams to meet 
recovery criteria goals (USFWS 2002).
    (A) Asotin Creek from the confluence with the Snake River upstream 
24.0 km


[[Page 71305]]


(14.9 mi) to the confluence with the North Fork and the South Fork of 
Asotin Creek provides FMO habitat (WDFW 1997).
    (B) George Creek from the confluence with Asotin Creek upstream 
34.6 km (21.5 mi) to its headwaters at Seven Sisters Spring provides 
spawning and rearing habitat (USFS, unpublished 1993b) that may be 
currently occupied, and provides habitat necessary for the recovered 
distribution of bull trout (USFWS 2002).
    (C) Wormell Creek from the confluence with George Creek upstream 
6.4 km (4.0 mi) to its headwaters provides habitat of unknown occupancy 
by bull trout, but is necessary for the recovered distribution of bull 
trout (USFWS 2002).
    (D) Hefflefinger Creek from the confluence with George Creek 
upstream 6.0 km (3.7 mi) to its headwaters provides spawning and 
rearing habitat that may currently support bull trout (G. Mendel, pers. 
comm., 2002b), and is necessary for the recovered distribution of bull 
trout (USFWS 2002).
    (E) Coombs Creek from the confluence with George Creek upstream 
10.1 km (6.3 mi) to its headwaters at Hostetler Spring provides 
spawning and rearing habitat of unknown occupancy, but is essential 
habitat for the recovered distribution of bull trout (USFWS 2002).
    (F) Charley Creek from the confluence with Asotin Creek upstream 
26.6 km (16.5 mi) was recently noted to be occupied by bull trout 
(USFS, unpublished 1993b; D. Groat, USFS, pers. comm., 2002e), provides 
FMO and spawning and rearing habitat, and provides habitat essential 
for the recovered distribution of bull trout (USFWS 2002).
    (G) North Fork of Asotin Creek from the confluence of the North 
Fork of Asotin Creek and the South Fork of Asotin Creek where the 
streams combine and form the mainstem of Asotin Creek upstream 28.3 km 
(17.6 mi) to the headwaters at Dodge Spring, provides spawning and 
rearing habitat for the North Fork Asotin Creek local population (USFS, 
unpublished 1992g; WDFW 1997; G. Mendel, pers. comm., 2002c).
    (H) South Fork of the North Fork of Asotin Creek from the 
confluence with the North Fork of Asotin Creek upstream 9.3 km (5.8 mi) 
to the headwaters at 3 C Spring is an area recently known to be 
occupied by bull trout (USFS, unpublished 1993d), and provides habitat 
necessary for the recovered distribution of bull trout (USFWS 2002).
    (I) Middle branch of the North Fork of Asotin Creek from the 
confluence with the North Fork of Asotin Creek upstream 8.0 km (5.0 mi) 
to the headwaters provides occupied spawning and rearing habitat for 
the North Fork Asotin Creek local population (USFS, unpublished 1993d).
    (J) Cougar Creek from the confluence with the North Fork of Asotin 
Creek upstream 5.2 km (3.2 mi) to the headwaters below USFS Road 4027-
015 provides spawning and rearing habitat for the Cougar Creek local 
population (USFS, in litt., 2002).


(28) Unit 24: Columbia River


    This unit is located in the States of Oregon and Washington and 
includes Clatsop, Columbia, Multnomah, Hood River, Wasco, Sherman, 
Gilliam, Morrow, and Umatilla counties in Oregon and Pacific, 
Wahkiakum, Cowlitz, Clark, Skamania, Klickitat, Benton, Walla Walla, 
Franklin, Yakima, Grant, Kittitas, Chelan, Douglas, and Okanogan 
counties in Washington. Landownership adjacent to reaches of the 
Columbia River proposed for bull trout critical habitat designation are 
approximately 39 percent Federal and 61 percent non-Federal.
    The north shore of the Columbia River between Chief Joseph Dam and 
the Okanogan River is within the Colville Indian Reservation. Lands 
along the south shore are owned by private parties and the State of 
Washington. Lands in the mid-Columbia hydroelectric project reach from 
Wells Dam to Wanapum Dam are a mixture of private and State-owned 
lands. Much of the State-owned land is within wildlife areas managed by 
the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife. The western shore 
between Wanapum and Priest Rapids dams is within the Yakima Firing 
Center Military Reservation. The eastern shore is under private and 
State (wildlife area) ownership.
    A 72.5 km (45 mi) reach of the Columbia River from a point about 
6.4 km (4 mi) downstream of Priest Rapids Dam to the head of McNary 
Reservoir, about 3.2 km (2 mi) upstream from the Richland city limits, 
is within the Hanford Reach National Monument (Monument). The 78,914-ha 
(195,000-ac) Monument includes diverse riparian, riverine, and upland 
habitats, as well as cultural and historic resources. The Monument is 
under jurisdiction of both the Department of Energy (DOE) and the 
Service. The DOE administers 12,141 ha (30,000 ac) of the Monument, 
while the Service's Division of Wildlife Refuges administers 66,773 ha 
(165,000 ac). The Department of the Interior established a Federal 
Planning Advisory Committee (Committee) for the Monument in January, 
2001. The Committee is presently working to provide advice to the DOE 
and the Service on a Monument management plan and Environmental Impact 
Statement. The management plan is expected to be completed by 2005.
    Lands downstream to the mouth of the Columbia River are under a mix 
of private, State, and Federal ownership. National wildlife refuges are 
present at several locations along the river from the confluence with 
the Snake River to the Pacific Ocean. The Columbia Gorge National 
Scenic Area extends for 133.5 km (83.0 mi) from mouth of the Sandy 
River at about rkm 196.3 (rm 122.0) east to the confluence of the 
Deschutes River at about rkm 329.8 (rm 204.8). Management of this area 
is under jurisdiction of the USFS and Columbia Gorge Commission, a 
regional commission of local, State, and Federal interests. Management 
of the Columbia Gorge National Scenic Area is primarily directed toward 
upland areas adjacent to the Columbia River and not to aquatic habitat 
of the river itself.
    (i) The Columbia River from the Pacific Ocean at rkm 0 (rmi 0) 
upstream to Chief Joseph Dam at rkm 877.0 (rmi 544.6) provides FMO 
habitat for tributary populations of bull trout. Critical habitat 
includes the free flowing reaches of the Columbia River and the 
reservoirs to the ordinary high water elevations and normal operating 
pool elevations, respectively.


(29) Unit 25: Snake River


    The lower Snake River is located within the State of Washington 
from its mouth to the confluence with the Clearwater River at the 
cities of Clarkston, Washington and Lewiston, Idaho. The Snake River is 
within Franklin, Walla Walla, Columbia, Whitman, and Asotin counties in 
Washington State. The Snake River is the border between Washington and 
Idaho from Clarkston/Lewiston upstream to the Oregon border at rkm 
223.7 (rm 139.0). The Snake River forms the boundary between Idaho and 
Oregon from that point upstream to the upper limit of this critical 
habitat unit. This portion of the proposed critical habitat reach of 
the Snake River is within Nez Perce, Idaho, Adams, and Washington 
counties in Idaho, and Wallowa, Baker, and Malheur counties in Oregon. 
Landownership adjacent to reaches of the Snake River proposed for bull 
trout critical habitat designation are approximately 50 percent Federal 
and 50 percent non-Federal.
    The major features in Hells Canyon Hydroelectric Complex reach of 
the Snake River are Hells Canyon, Oxbow, and Brownlee dams and their 
reservoirs.


[[Page 71306]]


These projects are owned and operated by the Idaho Power Company to 
produce electrical power. Landownership in the major tributary 
watersheds and along the Snake River is a mixture of Federal (USFS and 
BLM), State (Idaho and Oregon), and private owners.
    Downstream from Hells Canyon Dam to the Oregon-Washington border, 
the Snake River is designated Wild and Scenic. It is also within the 
Hells Canyon National Recreation Area (NRA) and the Hells Canyon 
Wilderness which are administered by the USFS. The Hells Canyon NRA 
includes about 264,058 ha (652,500 ac) within its boundaries. The Hells 
Canyon NRA was established preserve the natural beauty, and historical 
and archaeological values of the Hells Canyon area, and to enhance the 
recreational and ecologic values and public enjoyment of the area. 
Management of this area is not directed at protecting bull trout in the 
Snake River.
    Almost all of the lower Snake River corridor is privately owned. 
The only public lands are Federal lands associated with the lower Snake 
River dams and reservoirs and isolated parcels owned by the State of 
Washington.
    (i) The mainstem Snake River from the confluence with the Columbia 
River upstream to the head of Brownlee Reservoir at rkm 552 (rmi 343) 
provides FMO habitat for tributary populations of bull trout. Proposed 
critical habitat includes the free flowing reaches of the Snake River 
and the reservoirs to the ordinary high water elevations and normal 
operating pool elevations, respectively.


Effects of Critical Habitat Designation


Section 7 Consultation


    Section 7(a)(2) of the Act requires Federal agencies, including the 
Service, to ensure that actions they fund, authorize, or carry out are 
not likely to result in the destruction or adverse modification of 
critical habitat. The term ``destruction or adverse modification'' is 
defined at 50 CFR 402.02 as meaning: ``* * * a direct or indirect 
alteration that appreciably diminishes the value of critical habitat 
for both the survival and recovery of a listed species. Such 
alterations include, but are not limited to, alterations adversely 
modifying any of those physical or biological features that were the 
basis for determining the habitat to be critical.'' Individuals, 
organizations, States, local and Tribal governments, and other non-
Federal entities are affected by the designation of critical habitat 
only if their actions occur on Federal lands; require a Federal permit, 
license, or other authorization; or involve Federal funding.
    Section 7(a) of the Act requires Federal agencies, including the 
Service, to evaluate their actions with respect to any species that is 
proposed or listed as endangered or threatened, and with respect to its 
critical habitat, if any is proposed or designated. Section 7(a)(4) of 
the Act requires Federal agencies to confer with us on any action that 
is likely to jeopardize the continued existence of a proposed species 
or result in destruction or adverse modification of proposed critical 
habitat. Conference reports provide conservation recommendations to 
assist the agency in eliminating conflicts that may be caused by the 
proposed action. The conservation recommendations in a conference 
report are advisory. Regulations implementing these interagency 
cooperation provisions of the Act are codified at 50 CFR part 402.
    We may issue a formal conference opinion, if requested by a Federal 
agency. Formal conference reports include an opinion that is prepared 
according to 50 CFR 402.14, as if the species was listed or critical 
habitat designated. We may adopt the formal conference report as the 
biological opinion when the species is listed or critical habitat 
designated, if no substantial new information or changes in the action 
alter the content of the opinion (see 50 CFR 402.10(d)).
    If a species is listed or critical habitat is designated, section 
7(a)(2) of the Act requires Federal agencies to ensure that activities 
they authorize, fund, or carry out are not likely to jeopardize the 
continued existence of such a species or to destroy or adversely modify 
its critical habitat. If a Federal action may affect a listed species 
or its critical habitat, the responsible Federal agency must enter into 
consultation with us. Through this consultation, we would ensure that 
the permitted actions do not destroy or adversely modify critical 
habitat.
    When we issue a biological opinion concluding that a project is 
likely to result in the destruction or adverse modification of critical 
habitat, we also provide ``reasonable and prudent alternatives'' to the 
project, if any are identifiable. Reasonable and prudent alternatives 
are defined at 50 CFR 402.02 as alternative actions identified during 
consultation that can be implemented in a manner consistent with the 
intended purpose of the action, that are consistent with the scope of 
the Federal agency's legal authority and jurisdiction, that are 
economically and technologically feasible, and that the Director 
believes would avoid resulting in the destruction or adverse 
modification of critical habitat. Reasonable and prudent alternatives 
can vary from slight project modifications to extensive redesign or 
relocation of the project.
    Regulations at 50 CFR 402.16 require Federal agencies to reinitiate 
consultation on previously reviewed actions under certain 
circumstances, including instances where critical habitat is 
subsequently designated, and the Federal agency has retained 
discretionary involvement, or control over the action or such 
discretionary involvement or control is authorized by law. 
Consequently, some Federal agencies may request reinitiation of 
consultation or conferencing with us on actions for which formal 
consultation has been completed, if those actions may affect designated 
critical habitat or adversely modify or destroy proposed critical 
habitat.
    Activities on Federal lands that may affect the bull trout or its 
critical habitat will require consultation under section 7 of the Act. 
Activities on private, State, county, or lands under local 
jurisdictions requiring a permit from a Federal agency, such as a 
permit from the Corps under section 404 of the Clean Water Act, or some 
other Federal action, including funding (e.g., Federal Highway 
Administration (FHA), Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), or Federal 
Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)), will continue to be subject to the 
section 7 consultation process. Federal actions not affecting listed 
species or critical habitat, and actions on non-Federal lands that are 
not Federally funded or permitted, do not require section 7 
consultation.
    To properly portray the effects of critical habitat designation, we 
must first compare the requirements pursuant to section 7 of the Act 
for actions that may affect critical habitat with the requirements for 
actions that may affect a listed species. Section 7 of the Act 
prohibits actions funded, authorized, or carried out by Federal 
agencies from jeopardizing the continued existence of a listed species 
or destroying or adversely modifying the listed species' critical 
habitat. Actions likely to ``jeopardize the continued existence'' of a 
species are those that would appreciably reduce the likelihood of the 
species' survival and recovery. Actions likely to ``destroy or 
adversely modify'' critical habitat are those that would appreciably 
reduce the value of critical habitat for the survival and recovery of 
the listed species.
    Section 4(b)(8) of the Act requires us to briefly evaluate and 
describe, in any


[[Page 71307]]


proposed or final regulation that designates critical habitat, those 
activities involving a Federal action that may adversely modify such 
habitat, or that may be affected by such designation. Activities that 
may destroy or adversely modify critical habitat include those that 
appreciably reduce the value of critical habitat for the conservation 
of the bull trout. Within critical habitat, this pertains only to those 
areas containing the primary constituent elements. We note that such 
activities may also jeopardize the continued existence of the species.
    A number of Federal activities have the potential to destroy or 
adversely modify critical habitat for the bull trout. These activities 
may include land and water management actions of Federal agencies 
(e.g., Corps, BOR, USFS, BLM, Natural Resources Conservation Service, 
and Bureau of Indian Affairs) and related or similar actions of other 
Federally regulated projects (e.g., road and bridge construction 
activities by the FHA; dredge and fill projects, sand and gravel 
mining, and bank stabilization activities conducted or authorized by 
the Corps; and, National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System permits 
authorized by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)).
    Specifically, activities that may destroy or adversely modify 
critical habitat are those that alter the primary constituent elements 
to an extent that the value of critical habitat for both the survival 
and recovery of the bull trout is appreciably reduced. Activities that, 
when carried out, funded, or authorized by a Federal agency, may 
destroy or adversely modify critical habitat for bull trout include, 
but are not limited to:
    (1) Significant and detrimental altering of the minimum flow or the 
natural flow regime of any of the proposed stream segments. Possible 
actions would include groundwater pumping, impoundment, water 
diversion, and hydropower generation. We note that such flow 
alterations resulting from actions affecting tributaries of the 
proposed stream reaches may also destroy or adversely modify critical 
habitat;
    (2) Alterations to the proposed stream segments that could 
indirectly cause significant and detrimental effects to bull trout 
habitat. Possible actions include vegetation manipulation, timber 
harvest, road construction and maintenance, prescribed fire, livestock 
grazing, off-road vehicle use, powerline or pipeline construction and 
repair, mining, and urban and suburban development. Riparian vegetation 
profoundly influences instream habitat conditions by providing shade, 
organic matter, root strength, bank stability, and large woody debris 
inputs to streams. These characteristics influence water temperature, 
structure and physical attributes (useable habitat space, depth, width, 
channel roughness, cover complexity), and food supply (Gregory et al. 
1991; Sullivan et al. in Naiman et al. 2000). The importance of 
riparian vegetation and channel bank condition for providing rearing 
habitat for salmonids in general is well documented (e.g., Bossu 1954 
and Hunt 1969, cited in Beschta and Platts 1987; MBTSG 1998);
    (3) Significant and detrimental altering of the channel morphology 
of any of the proposed stream segments. Possible actions would include 
channelization, impoundment, road and bridge construction, deprivation 
of substrate source, destruction and alteration of aquatic or riparian 
vegetation, reduction of available floodplain, removal of gravel or 
floodplain terrace materials, excessive sedimentation from mining, 
livestock grazing, road construction, timber harvest, off-road vehicle 
use, and other watershed and floodplain disturbances. We note that such 
actions in the upper watershed (beyond the riparian area) may also 
destroy or adversely modify critical habitat. For example, timber 
harvest activities and associated road construction in upland areas can 
lead to changes in channel morphology by altering sediment production, 
debris loading, and peak flows;
    (4) Significant and detrimental alterations to the water chemistry 
in any of the proposed stream segments. Possible actions would include 
release of chemical or biological pollutants into the surface water or 
connected groundwater at a point source or by dispersed release (non-
point);
    (5) Activities that are likely to result in the introduction, 
spread, or augmentation of nonnative aquatic species in any of the 
proposed stream segments. Possible actions would include fish stocking 
for sport, aesthetics, biological control, or other purposes; use of 
live bait fish; aquaculture; construction and operation of canals; and 
interbasin water transfers; and
    (6) Activities that are likely to create significant instream 
barriers to bull trout movement. Possible actions would include water 
diversions, impoundments, and hydropower generation where effective 
fish passage facilities are not provided.
    If you have questions regarding whether specific activities will 
likely constitute destruction or adverse modification of critical 
habitat, contact the Field Supervisor of the nearest Fish and Wildlife 
Ecological Services Office. Requests for copies of the regulations on 
listed wildlife, and inquiries about prohibitions and permits may be 
addressed to the Division of Endangered Species, U.S. Fish and Wildlife 
Service, 911 NE 11th Avenue, Portland, OR 97232-4181 (telephone 503/
231-6158; facsimile 503/231-6243).


Relationship to Habitat Conservation Plans and Other Planning Efforts


    Section 3(5)(A) of the Act defines critical habitat, in part, as 
those areas requiring special management considerations or protection. 
Section 10(a)(1)(B) of the Act authorizes us to issue permits for the 
take of listed species incidental to otherwise lawful activities. This 
permit allows a non-Federal landowner to proceed with an activity that 
is legal in all other respects, but that results in the incidental 
taking of a listed species. An incidental take permit application must 
be supported by an HCP that identifies conservation measures that the 
permittee agrees to implement for the species to minimize and mitigate 
the impacts of the permitted incidental take. The purpose of the HCP is 
to describe and ensure that the effects of the permitted action on 
covered species are adequately minimized and mitigated, and that the 
action does not appreciably reduce the survival and recovery of the 
species.
    No approved HCPs include bull trout as a covered species within the 
range of the Klamath River population segment. Within the range of the 
Columbia River population segment, there are three: the Plum Creek 
Native Fish HCP, the Plum Creek I-90 HCP, and the WDNR HCP. Based on 
our evaluation of the these HCPs we have concluded, pursuant to section 
3(5)(A) of the Act, that areas within these HCPs do not require 
additional special management considerations or protection, and 
consequently we have not included areas within them as proposed 
critical habitat. (See the Managed Lands section, above, for a 
discussion of the factors considered).
    In the event that future HCPs covering the bull trout are developed 
within the boundaries of designated critical habitat, we will work with 
applicants to ensure that the HCPs provide for protection and 
management of habitat areas essential for the conservation of the bull 
trout by either directing development and habitat modification to 
nonessential areas, or appropriately modifying activities within 
essential habitat areas so that such activities will not adversely 
modify the primary constituent elements. The HCP


[[Page 71308]]


development process provides an opportunity for more intensive data 
collection and analysis regarding the use of particular habitat areas 
by bull trout. The process also enables us to conduct detailed 
evaluations of the importance of such lands to the long-term survival 
of the species in the context of constructing a biologically configured 
system of interlinked habitat areas.
    We will provide technical assistance and work closely with 
applicants throughout the development of future HCPs to identify lands 
essential for the long-term conservation of bull trout and appropriate 
management for those lands. The take minimization and compensation 
measures provided under these HCPs are expected to protect the 
essential habitat lands proposed as critical habitat in this rule. 
Furthermore, we will complete intra-Service consultation on our 
issuances of section 10(a)(1)(B) permits for these HCPs to ensure 
permit issuance will not destroy or adversely modify critical habitat. 
If an HCP that addresses the bull trout as a covered species is 
ultimately approved, we may reassess the critical habitat boundaries in 
light of the HCP.


Economic Analysis


    Section 4(b)(2) of the Act requires us to designate critical 
habitat on the basis of the best scientific and commercial information 
available, and to consider the economic and other relevant impacts of 
designating a particular area as critical habitat. We may exclude areas 
from critical habitat upon a determination that the benefits of such 
exclusions outweigh the benefits of specifying such areas as critical 
habitat. We cannot exclude such areas from critical habitat when such 
exclusion will result in the extinction of the species.
    We will conduct an analysis of the economic impacts of designating 
these areas as critical habitat prior to making a final determination. 
When completed, we will announce the availability of the draft economic 
analysis with a notice in the Federal Register, and we will open a 
public comment period on the draft economic analysis at that time.


Public Comments Solicited


    We intend that any final action resulting from this proposal to be 
as accurate and effective as possible. Therefore, we solicit comments 
or suggestions from the public, other concerned governmental agencies, 
the scientific community, industry, or any other interested party 
concerning this proposed rule. We particularly seek comments 
concerning:
    (1) The reasons why any habitat should or should not be determined 
to be critical habitat as provided by section 4 of the Act, including 
any areas should be excluded under section 4(b)(2) of the Act;
    (2) Specific information on the amount and distribution of bull 
trout habitat; what habitat is essential to the conservation of this 
species and why; and, in light of our use of the Draft Recovery Plan as 
the basis for identifying many of the areas we are proposing as 
critical habitat, whether the areas identified in the Draft Recovery 
Plan as necessary for the survival and recovery of bull trout are also 
essential to the conservation of the species, and therefore are 
appropriately included in our proposed designation of critical habitat.
    (3) Land use practices and current or planned activities in the 
subject areas and their possible impacts on proposed critical habitat, 
including, but not limited to, whether areas do or do not meet the 
definition of critical habitat in section 3(5)(A)(i) of the Act with 
respect to requiring special management considerations or protection;
    (4) Any foreseeable economic or other impacts resulting from the 
proposed designation of critical habitat, in particular, any impacts on 
small entities, families, and private landowners;
    (5) Economic and other values associated with designating critical 
habitat for bull trout; and
    (6) Whether our approach to critical habitat designation, 
including, but not limited to, our methods and criteria used to 
identify critical habitat, could be improved or modified in any way to 
ensure the use of the best available scientific information or to 
provide for greater public participation and understanding, or to 
assist us in accommodating public concern and comments.
    To further a complete understanding of this proposed rule, the 
draft critical habitat proposal, maps, fact sheets, photographs, and 
other materials relating to this proposal can be found on the USFWS 
Pacific Region's bull trout website at http://species.fws.gov/bulltrout
.
    If you wish to comment, you may submit your comments and materials 
concerning this proposal by any one of several methods: (1) You may 
submit written comments and information to John Young at the address 
provided in the ADDRESSES section above; (2) You may comment via the 
electronic mail (e-mail) to R1BullTroutCH@r1.fws.gov; and (3) You may 
hand-deliver comments to our Regional Office (see ADDRESSES section 
above). Please submit e-mail comments as an ASCII file avoiding the use 
of special characters and any form of encryption. Please also include 
``Attn: RIN 1018-AI52'' and your name and return address in your e-mail 
message. If you do not receive a confirmation from the system that we 
have received your e-mail message, contact us directly by calling our 
Regional Office at telephone number 503/872-2766.
    Our practice is to make comments, including names and home 
addresses of respondents, available for public review during regular 
business hours. Individual respondents may request that we withhold 
their home address, which we will honor to the extent allowable by law. 
In some circumstances, we would withhold from the rulemaking record a 
respondent's identity, as allowable by law. If you wish us to withhold 
your name or address, you must state this request prominently at the 

beginning of your comment. However, we will not consider anonymous 
comments. To the extent consistent with applicable law, we will make 
all submissions from organizations or businesses, and from individuals 
identifying themselves as representatives or officials of organizations 
or businesses, available for public inspection in their entirety. 
Comments and materials received will be available for public 
inspection, by appointment, during normal business hours at the above 
address.


Peer Review


    In accordance with our policy published on July 1, 1994 (59 FR 
34270), we will seek the expert opinions of at least three appropriate 
and independent specialists regarding this proposed rule. The purpose 
of such review is to ensure listing decisions are based on 
scientifically sound data, assumptions, and analyses. We will send 
these peer reviewers copies of this proposed rule immediately following 
publication in the Federal Register. We will invite these peer 
reviewers to comment, during the public comment period, on the specific 
assumptions and conclusions regarding the proposed designation of 
critical habitat.
    We will consider all comments and information received during the 
public comment period on this proposed rule during preparation of a 
final rulemaking. Accordingly, the final decision may differ from this 
proposal.


Public Hearings


    The Act provides for one or more public hearings on this proposal, 
if requested. Requests for public hearings must be made at least 15 
days prior to the close of the public comment period.


[[Page 71309]]


Given the large geographic extent covered by this proposal, we already 
have scheduled nine public hearings.
    Public hearings will be held at:
    1. Wenatchee, WA, on January 7, 2003, at the West Coast Wentachee 
Center Hotel, 201 North Wenatchee Avenue;
    2. Polson, MT, on January 7, 2003, at the KwaTaqNuq Resort, 303 
U.S. Highway 93;
    3. Salmon, ID, on January 7, 2003, at the Salmon Valley Center 
Meeting Room, 200 Main Street;
    4. Spokane, WA, on January 9, 2003, at the West Coast Grand Hotel, 
303 West North River Drive;
    5. Lewiston, ID, on January 9, 2003, at the Red Lion Hotel, 621 
21st Street;
    6. Boise, ID, on January 14, 2003, at the AmeriTel Inn/Boise 
Spectrum, 7499 West Overland Road;
    7. Eugene, OR, on January 14, 2003, at the Hilton Eugene and 
Conference Center, 66 East Sixth Avenue;
    8. Pendleton, OR, on January 16, 2003, at the Red Lion Hotel, 304 
S.E. Nye Avenue; and
    9. Klamath Falls, OR, on January 22, 2003, at the Shilo Inn, 2500 
Almond Street.
    All of these public hearings will be held from 6 p.m. to 8 p.m., 
and the Service will be available from 1 to 3 p.m. prior to each 
hearing to provide information and to answer questions.
    Persons needing reasonable accommodations in order to attend and 
participate in a public hearing should contact John Young at the 
address or phone number provided in the ADDRESSES section above, as 
soon as possible. In order to allow sufficient time to process 
requests, please call no later than 1 week before the hearing.


Clarity of the Rule


    Executive Order 12866 requires each agency to write regulations 
that are easy to understand. We invite your comments on how to make 
this rule easier to understand including answers to questions such as 
the following: (1) Are the requirements in the rule clearly stated? (2) 
Does the rule contain technical language or jargon that interferes with 
the clarity? (3) Does the format of the rule (grouping and order of 
sections, use of headings, paragraphing, etc.) aid or reduce its 
clarity? (4) Is the description of the rule in the SUPPLEMENTARY 
INFORMATION section of the preamble helpful in understanding the rule? 
What else could we do to make the rule easier to understand?
    Send a copy of any comments that concern how we could make this 
rule easier to understand to: Office of Regulatory Affairs, Department 
of the Interior, Room 7229, 1849 C Street, NW., Washington, DC 20240. 
You may e-mail your comments to this address: Exsec@ios.doi.gov


Required Determinations


    Section 4(b)(2) of the Act requires us to designate critical 
habitat ``* * * on the basis of the best scientific data available and 
after taking into consideration the economic impact, and any other 
relevant impact, of specifying any particular area as critical 
habitat.'' Following the publication of this proposed critical habitat 
designation, we will prepare a draft economic analysis to estimate the 
potential economic effect of the proposed designation. This draft 
analysis will be made available for public review and comments on it 
will be accepted. The preparation of this draft economic analysis and 
the comments we receive about it will assist us in further reviewing 
the required determinations listed below. We specifically request that 
the public review and provide comments on each of these required 
determinations. (See Public Comments Solicited section.)


Regulatory Planning and Review


    In accordance with Executive Order 12866, this document is a 
significant rule and was reviewed by the Office of Management and 
Budget (OMB). As explained above, we are preparing a draft economic 
analysis of this proposed action. We will use this analysis to meet the 
requirement of section 4(b)(2) of the Act to determine the economic 
consequences of designating the specific areas as critical habitat. We 
also will use it to help determine whether to exclude any area from 
critical habitat, as provided for under section 4(b)(2), if we 
determine that the benefits of such exclusion outweigh the benefits of 
specifying such area as part of the critical habitat, unless we 
determine, based on the best scientific and commercial data available, 
that the failure to designate such area as critical habitat will result 
in the extinction of the species. This analysis will be available for 
public comment before finalizing this designation. The availability of 
the draft economic analysis will be announced in the Federal Register 
and in local newspapers.


Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.)


    This discussion is based upon the information regarding potential 
economic impact that is available to us at this time. Due to legally 
binding dates for publication of this proposed rule, it has not been 
possible to conduct an economic assessment of the proposed designation 
of critical habitat to use as a basis for making this required 
evaluation under the Regulatory Flexibility Act. This assessment of 
economic effect is subject to modification prior to final rulemaking 
based upon development and review of the economic analysis being 
prepared pursuant to section 4(b)(2) of the Endangered Species Act and 
Executive Order 12866. The assessment presented here is for the 
purposes of compliance with the Regulatory Flexibility Act and does not 
reflect our position on the type of economic analysis required by New 
Mexico Cattle Growers Assn. v. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, 248 F.3d 
1277 (10th Cir. 2001).
    Under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq., as 
amended by the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act 
(SBREFA) of 1996), whenever an agency is required to publish a notice 
of rulemaking for any proposed or final rule, it must prepare, and make 
available for public comment, a regulatory flexibility analysis that 
describes the effects of the rule on small entities (i.e., small 
businesses, small organizations, and small government jurisdictions). 
However, no regulatory flexibility analysis is required if the head of 
the agency certifies the rule will not have a significant economic 
impact on a substantial number of small entities. SBREFA amended the 
Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA) to require Federal agencies to provide 
a statement of the factual basis for certifying that the rule will not 
have a significant economic effect on a substantial number of small 
entities. SBREFA also amended the RFA to require a certification 
statement. Based on current information, the Service is certifying that 
this proposed rule will not have a significant effect on a substantial 
number of small entities. The following discussion explains our 
rationale.
    We must determine whether the proposed rulemaking will affect a 
substantial number of small entities. According to the Small Business 
Administration, small entities include small organizations, such as 
independent non-profit organizations, and small governmental 
jurisdictions, including school boards and city and town governments 
that serve fewer than 50,000 residents, as well as small businesses (13 
CFR 121.201). Small businesses include manufacturing and mining 
concerns with fewer than 500 employees, wholesale trade entities with 
fewer than 100 employees, retail


[[Page 71310]]


and service businesses with less than $5 million in annual sales, 
general and heavy construction businesses with less than $27.5 million 
in annual business, special trade contractors doing less than $11.5 
million in annual business, and agricultural businesses with annual 
sales less than $750,000.
    In determining whether this rule could ``significantly affect a 
substantial number of small entities'', we consider whether critical 
habitat could potentially affect a ``substantial number'' of small 
entities in counties supporting critical habitat areas. While SBREFA 
does not explicitly define ``substantial number,'' the Small Business 
Administration, as well as other Federal agencies, have interpreted 
this to represent an impact on 20 percent or greater of the number of 
small entities in any industry. In estimating the numbers of small 
entities potentially affected, we also considered whether their 
activities have any Federal involvement. Designation of critical 
habitat is accompanied by legal requirements under the Act only for 
activities authorized, funded, or carried out by Federal agencies. We 
note that approximately forty-five percent of the proposed critical 
habitat for the Klamath River DPS, and approximately forty-two percent 
of the proposed critical habitat for the Columbia River DPS, is on non-
Federal lands. Some activities on these non-Federal lands will not have 
any Federal involvement and so will not be affected by critical habitat 
designation. However, there may be indirect effects from the 
designation. If such effects are identified in the economic analysis or 
public comments on the proposed determination, we will revisit this 
conclusion.
    In areas occupied by bull trout, Federal agencies funding, 
permitting, or implementing activities are already required, through 
consultation with us under section 7 of the Act, to avoid jeopardizing 
the continued existence of bull trout. If this critical habitat 
designation is finalized, section 7 further requires Federal agencies 
to ensure, also through consultation with us, that their activities are 
not likely to result in the destruction or adverse modification of 
designated critical habitat. However, in areas where bull trout are 
present, we do not believe this will result in any additional 
regulatory burden on Federal agencies or their applicants beyond the 
duty to avoid jeopardizing the species, because, although adverse 
modification and jeopardy are two different standards, the substantive 
outcome of a consultation under each is commonly the same.
    Where bull trout are not present, designation of critical habitat 
could trigger additional review of Federal activities under section 7 
of the Act. However, outside the existing developed areas, land use on 
the majority of the proposed critical habitat is agricultural, such as 
livestock grazing and farming. Should a Federally funded, permitted, or 
implemented project be proposed that may affect designated critical 
habitat that is not occupied by bull trout, we will work with the 
Federal action agency and any applicant, through section 7 
consultation, to identify ways to implement the proposed project while 
minimizing or avoiding any adverse effect to the species or critical 
habitat. In our experience, the vast majority of such projects can be 
successfully implemented, with at most, minor changes that avoid 
significant economic impacts to project proponents.
    Even if the duty to avoid adverse modification does not trigger 
additional regulatory impacts in areas where these species are present, 
designation of critical habitat could result in an additional economic 
burden on small entities due to the requirement to reinitiate 
consultation for ongoing Federal activities. The Columbia River and 
Klamath River populations of bull trout were Federally listed as 
threatened in June 1998. In fiscal years 1998 through 2002, we have 
conducted several hundred informal and approximately 108 formal section 
7 consultations with other Federal agencies to ensure that their 
actions will not jeopardize the continued existence of the bull trout. 
As a result, based on the information currently available, we do not 
believe that the requirement to reinitiate consultation for ongoing 
projects with a Federal nexus, as a result of the designation of 
critical habitat, will not affect a substantial number of small 
entities. As with other aspects of this assessment, however, we will 
have an opportunity to confirm or, if necessary, revise this conclusion 
prior to the final designation of critical habitat based on the results 
of the economic analysis, public comments, and other information 
developed in response to this proposed rule.
    Within the proposed critical habitat units, the types of Federal 
actions or authorized activities that we have identified as potential 
concerns are:
    (1) Regulation of activities affecting waters of the United States 
by the Corps under section 404 of the Clean Water Act;
    (2) Regulation of water flows, damming, diversion, and 
channelization implemented or licensed by Federal agencies;
    (3) Regulation of timber harvest, grazing, mining, and recreation 
by the USFS and BLM;
    (4) Road construction and maintenance, right-of-way designation, 
and regulation of agricultural activities;
    (5) Hazard mitigation and post-disaster repairs funded by the FEMA; 
and
    (6) Activities funded by the EPA, U.S. Department of Energy, or any 
other Federal agency.
    In general, two different mechanisms in section 7 consultations 
could lead to additional regulatory requirements. First, if we 
conclude, in a biological opinion issued as part of formal consultation 
under section 7, that a proposed action is likely to jeopardize the 
continued existence of a species or adversely modify its critical 
habitat, we can offer ``reasonable and prudent alternatives.'' 
Reasonable and prudent alternatives are alternative actions that can be 
implemented in a manner consistent with the scope of the Federal 
agency's legal authority and jurisdiction, that are economically and 
technologically feasible, and that would avoid jeopardizing the 
continued existence of listed species or resulting in adverse 
modification of critical habitat. A Federal agency and an applicant may 
elect to implement a reasonable and prudent alternative associated with 
a biological opinion that has found jeopardy or adverse modification of 
critical habitat. An agency or applicant could alternatively choose to 
seek an exemption from the requirements of the Act or proceed without 
implementing the reasonable and prudent alternative. However, unless an 
exemption were obtained, the Federal agency or applicant would be at 
risk of violating section 7(a)(2) of the Act if it chose to proceed 
without implementing the reasonable and prudent alternatives.
    Second, if we find that a proposed action is not likely to 
jeopardize the continued existence of a listed animal species, we may 
identify reasonable and prudent measures designed to minimize the 
amount or extent of take and require the Federal agency or applicant to 
implement such measures through non-discretionary terms and conditions. 
We may also identify discretionary conservation recommendations 
designed to minimize or avoid the adverse effects of a proposed action 
on listed species or critical habitat, help implement recovery plans, 
or to develop information that could contribute to the recovery of the 
species.
    Based on our experience over many years with consultations pursuant 
to


[[Page 71311]]


section 7 of the Act for all listed species, virtually all projects--
including those that, in their initial proposed form, would likely have 
resulted in jeopardy or adverse modification determinations in section 
7 consultations--can be implemented successfully with, at most, the 
adoption of reasonable and prudent alternatives. Under the Act and its 
implementing regulations at 50 CFR 402.02, these measures, by 
definition, must be economically feasible and within the scope of 
authority of the Federal agency involved in the consultation. The kinds 
of actions that may be included if future reasonable and prudent 
alternatives become necessary include conservation set-asides, 
management of competing non-native species, restoration of degraded 
habitat, and regular monitoring. These are based on our understanding 
of the needs of the species and the threats it faces, as described in 
the final listing rule and this proposed critical habitat designation.
    In summary, we have considered whether this proposed rule would 
result in a significant economic effect on a substantial number of 
small entities. We have preliminarily determined, for the above reasons 
and based on currently available information, that it is not likely to 
affect a substantial number of small entities. Federal involvement, and 
thus section 7 consultations, would be limited to a subset of the area 
proposed. The most likely Federal involvement could include Corps 
permits, permits we may issue under section 10(a)(1)(B) of the Act, FHA 
funding for road improvements, hydropower licenses issued by the 
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, and regulation of timber harvest, 
grazing, mining, and recreation by the USFS and BLM.


Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act (5 U.S.C. 804(2))


    In the economic analysis, we will determine whether designation of 
critical habitat would cause: (a) Any effect on the economy of $100 
million or more, (b) any increases in costs or prices for consumers, 
individual industries, Federal, State, or local government agencies, or 
geographic regions, or (c) any significant adverse effects on 
competition, employment, investment, productivity, innovation, or the 
ability of U.S.-based enterprises to compete with foreign-based 
enterprises.


Executive Order 13211


    On May 18, 2001, the President issued an Executive Order on 
regulations that significantly affect energy supply, distribution, and 
use. Executive Order 13211 requires agencies to prepare Statements of 
Energy Effects when undertaking certain actions. This proposed rule is 
a significant regulatory action under Executive Order 12866.
    Currently available information on the potential effects of this 
proposal on energy supply, distribution, and use is very limited and 
does not provide a basis for the Service to reach a definitive 
conclusion regarding such effects at this time. We will conduct an 
analysis of the potential economic impacts of this proposed critical 
habitat designation, as required under section 4(b)(2) of the Act. The 
economic assessment will include consideration of information relevant 
to effects on energy supply, distribution, and use. We will make the 
economic analysis available for public review and comment before 
completing a final designation. We also expect to obtain information on 
this topic as a result of public comments on the proposed rule. Should 
such economic analysis, public comments, or other information indicate 
that this rule will significantly affect energy supply, distribution, 
and use, we will take any actions that are appropriate.


Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (2 U.S.C. 1501 et seq.)


    We will use the economic analysis to evaluate consistency with the 
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (2 U.S.C. 1501 et seq.).


Takings


    We will use the economic analysis and comments received on the 
proposed rule to evaluate whether the proposed rule poses significant 
takings implications and to evaluate it for consistency with Executive 
Order 12630, (``Government Actions and Interference with 
Constitutionally Protected Private Property Rights''). Based on that 
evaluation, we will take any actions that are appropriate.


Federalism


    In accordance with Executive Order 13132, we have coordinated the 
development of the scientific basis for the proposal of critical 
habitat for bull trout with the appropriate State agencies. If the 
economic analysis, public comments, or other information relative to 
the evaluation of this proposed rule indicates that there would be 
significant federalism effects, we will take any actions that are 
appropriate.


Civil Justice Reform


    In accordance with Executive Order 12988, the Office of the 
Solicitor has determined that the proposal would not unduly burden the 
judicial system and meets the requirements of sections 3(a) and 3(b)(2) 
of the Order. We are proposing to designate critical habitat in 
accordance with the provisions of the Act. The rule uses standard 
aquatic (stream and lake) descriptions and identifies the primary 
constituent elements within the designated units to assist Federal 
agencies and the public in understanding the habitat and conservation 
needs of the bull trout.


Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.)


    This proposed rule would not impose any new requirements for 
collection of information that require approval by the OMB under the 
Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.). This proposed rule 
will not impose new recordkeeping or reporting requirements on State or 
local governments, individuals, businesses, or organizations. We may 
not conduct or sponsor, and a person is not required to respond to, a 
collection of information unless it displays a currently valid OMB 
Control Number. This rule references permits for HCPs which contain 
information collection activity. The Fish and Wildlife Service has OMB 
approval for that collection under OMB Control Number 1018-0094.


National Environmental Policy Act


    We have determined that we do not need to prepare an Environmental 
Assessment and/or an Environmental Impact Statement as defined by the 
National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 in connection with 
regulations adopted pursuant to section 4(a) of the Act. We published a 
notice outlining our reasons for this determination on October 25, 1983 
(48 FR 49244). This proposed designation does not constitute a major 
Federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human 
environment.


Government-to-Government Relationship With Tribes


    In accordance with the President's memorandum of April 29, 1994, 
``Government-to-Government Relations with Native American Tribal 
Governments'' (59 FR 22951), Executive Order 13175, and 512 DM 2, we 
are coordinating with Federally recognized Tribes on a Government-to-
Government basis. Further, Secretarial Order 3206, ``American Indian 
Tribal Rights, Federal-Tribal Trust Responsibilities, and the 
Endangered Species Act'' (1997) provides that critical habitat should 
not be designated in an area that may impact Tribal trust resources 
unless it is determined to be essential to the conservation of a listed 
species. The


[[Page 71312]]


Secretarial Order further states that in designating critical habitat, 
``the Service shall evaluate and document the extent to which the 
conservation needs of a listed species can be achieved by limiting the 
designation to other lands.''
    During our development of this critical habitat proposal for the 
Columbia River and Klamath River populations of bull trout, we 
evaluated Tribal lands to determine if they are essential to the 
conservation of the species. We have proposed critical habitat for 
portions of Shitike Creek, Jefferson Creek, and the Deschutes, Warm 
Springs, and Metolius Rivers that are within the Warm Springs 
Reservation; the Klickitat River and South Fork Ahtanum Creek within 
the Yakama Reservation; the Umatilla River, Meacham Creek, and Squaw 
Creek within the Umatilla Reservation; Lake Coeur d'Alene within the 
Coeur d'Alene Reservation; the Pend Oreille River within the Kalispell 
Reservation; the Clearwater River, North Fork Clearwater River, Middle 
Fork Clearwater River, South Fork Clearwater River, Lolo Creek, Clear 
Creek, and Dworshak Reservoir within the Nez Perce Reservation; 
portions of Flathead Lake, the lower Flathead River, and the Jocko 
River watershed on the Flathead Reservation; and portions of the Jocko 
River watershed, Mission Creek, and Post Creek on the Confederated 
Salish and Kootenai Tribal Lands on the Flathead Reservation. A total 
of approximately 1,200 km (750 mi) of stream segments and approximately 
70,081 ha (178,070 ac) of lakes and reservoirs on Tribal lands is 
included in our proposed designation of critical habitat.
    Currently, the Yakama Nation, Coeur d'Alene, Kalispell, Nez Perce, 
Confederated Salish and Kootenai, and Umatilla tribes do not have 
resource management plans that provide protection or conservation for 
the bull trout and its habitat. The Confederated Salish and Kootenai 
Tribes have a resource management plan addressing bull trout 
conservation that is being applied in the Jocko River watershed. 
However, as a result of our meetings with the tribes on September 26, 
2002, we mutually agreed to include habitat within the Jocko River 
watershed in this proposed rule for designating critical habitat (Notes 
of Government-to-Government meeting, September 26, 2002, in our 
administrative record files).
    We met with the Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Reservation 
(CTWSR) in Oregon on August 28, 2002, to discuss the extent to which 
the waterways of the Reservation provide bull trout habitat that is 
essential to the conservation of the species, and the degree to which 
Tribal management of those waterways and adjacent lands adequately 
protects those habitats (Notes of Government-to-Government meeting, 
August 28, 2002, in our administrative record files). As a result of 
that meeting, we reviewed the existing Integrated Resource Management 
Plans (CTWSR IRMP I and II) to determine whether the plans provide 
adequately for the conservation of the species. In conducting this 
analysis, we considered the level of certainty that the identified 
management would be implemented, and whether the management measures 
would be effective in protecting habitat essential to bull trout 
conservation.
    Our analysis determined that management within Warm Springs Tribal 
``Conditional Use Areas'' (CUAs) provides a sufficient level of 
protection and certainty of implementation such that additional special 
management considerations or protection is not required. Therefore, on 
the basis of section 3(5)(A)(i) of the Act, we did not include 63 km 
(39 mi) of streams within the CUAs as part of our proposed designation 
of critical habitat. An exception to our general finding regarding CUAs 
was made with respect to CUAs on the Reservation's southern and 
southeastern boundaries, where the boundary is defined by the Metolius 
and Deschutes Rivers. Here, there is uncertainty as to the ability of 
the Tribal management plans to adequately protect the entire waterway 
(i.e., the rivers to the bankfull elevation on either shore), because 
the opposite shore is not part of the Reservation and is not managed as 
part of a CUA. Therefore, we have included the Metolius and Deschutes 
Rivers, from bank to bank along the Reservation boundary, as part of 
our proposed designation of critical habitat. We welcome comments on 
this issue (see below).
    With regard to areas outside the CUAs, we found that management 
regimes for the Warm Springs Reservation lands and waterways that are 
essential to the conservation of bull trout do require additional 
special management considerations or protection, and consequently have 
included such areas in our proposed designation of critical habitat. We 
recognize that the CTWSR plans have the potential to be adequate if 
they are further developed to include measures specific to the 
conservation needs of bull trout. Of particular concern are the grazing 
management standards in the CTWSR Integrated Resource Management Plan 
II. The CTWSR IRMP II is an umbrella plan that provides general 
guidance. To date, only two of six grazing district plans (the more 
detailed and landscape-specific guidance documents under the umbrella 
plan) are nearing completion. The Service will work closely with the 
CTWSR staff to analyze the ability of any current or draft Tribal 
management plan to protect essential bull trout habitat. Our goal in 
doing so will be to limit the final designation of critical habitat for 
bull trout within the boundaries of the Reservation to the minimum 
amount of aquatic habitat that is essential to the conservation of the 
species. We believe this approach to be consistent with our Tribal 
Trust responsibilities. We welcome comments on this situation (see 
below).
    We are committed to maintaining a positive working relationship 
with all of the Tribes, and will work with them on developing resource 
management plans for Tribal lands that include conservation measures 
for bull trout. We were required to prepare this critical habitat 
proposal based on our analysis of whether habitat within these Tribal 
reservation lands is essential to the conservation of the species and 
may require special management considerations or protection. If, prior 
to issuing a final determination, any Tribes complete management plans 
that address areas on Tribal lands that are included in this proposed 
designation of critical habitat, we will consider excluding those areas 
based on the conservation measures provided for the species.
    We invite comments and additional information regarding the 
management of bull habitat on Tribal lands within the areas encompassed 
by the Klamath River and Columbia River DPSs, and our proposed 
designation of critical habitat in relation to such lands (see Public 
Comments Solicited section). This includes, but is not limited to, 
comments as to whether the areas on Tribal lands that we have proposed 
for designation should be retained in, or excluded from, the final rule 
designating critical habitat. We specifically seek comments regarding 
whether we should retain or exclude, in the final designation of 
critical habitat, those segments of the Metolious and Deschutes Rivers 
along the boundary of the CTWSR, where the shores opposite the 
Reservation are not part of the CTWSR, and there is uncertainty about 
the ability of the Tribal management plans to protect the entire 
waterway in those areas.


References Cited


    A complete list of all references cited in this proposed rule is 
available on


[[Page 71313]]


request from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Branch of Endangered 
Species Office, Portland, OR (see ADDRESSES section).


Authors


    The primary authors of this proposed rule are: John Young, Regional 
Office, Portland, Oregon; John Stephenson, Central Oregon Office, Bend, 
Oregon; Mike Faler, Idaho Fishery Resource Office, Ahsahka, Idaho; 
Marilyn Hemker, Kendra Womack and Johnna Roy, Snake River Basin Office, 
Boise, Idaho; Wade Fredenberg, Creston Fish and Wildlife Center, 
Kalispell, Montana; Selena Werdon, Nevada State Office, Reno, Nevada; 
Alan Mauer, Central Oregon Office, Bend, Oregon; Kathy Barry, John 
Davis, and Steve Wille, Oregon State Office, Portland, Oregon; John 
Bowerman, Klamath Basin Office, Klamath Falls, Oregon; Ron Rhew, 
Columbia River Fisheries Resources Office, Vancouver, Washington; Steve 
Croci and Barb Kelly-Ringel, Mid-Columbia Fishery Office, Leavenworth, 
Washington; Scott Deeds and Bob Hallock, Upper Columbia River Basin 
Office, Spokane, Washington; Karolee Owens, Western Washington Office, 
Lacey, Washington; and Rowan Baker, Regional Office, Portland, Oregon.


List of Subjects in 50 CFR Part 17


    Endangered and threatened species, Exports, Imports, Reporting and 
recordkeeping requirements, Transportation.


Proposed Regulation Promulgation


    Accordingly, we propose to amend part 17, subchapter B of chapter 
I, title 50 of the Code of Federal Regulations as set forth below:


PART 17--[AMENDED]


    1. The authority citation for part 17 continues to read as follows:


    Authority: 16 U.S.C. 1361-1407; 16 U.S.C. 1531-1544; 16 U.S.C. 
4201-4245; Pub. L. 99-625, 100 Stat. 3500; unless otherwise noted.


    2. In Sec.  17.11(h) revise the entry for ``Trout, bull'' under 
``FISHES'' to read as follows:




Sec.  17.11  Endangered and threatened wildlife.


* * * * *
    (h) * * *


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        Species                                                    Vertebrate
--------------------------------------------------------                        population where                       When       Critical     Special
                                                            Historic range       endangered or         Status         listed      habitat       rules
           Common name                Scientific name                              threatened
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                      * * * * * * *
              Fishes


                                                                      * * * * * * *
Trout, bull......................  Salvelinus            U.S.A. (AK, Pacific  U.S.A, coterminous   T                637, 639E,     17.95(e)     17.44(w)
                                    confluentus.          NW into CA, ID,      (lower 48 states).                     659, 670                  17.44(x)
                                                          NV, MT), Canada
                                                          (NW Territories).


                                                                      * * * * * * *
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


    3. Amend Sec.  17.95(e) by adding critical habitat for the bull 
trout (Salvelinus confluentus) in the same alphabetical order as this 
species occurs in Sec.  17.11(h).




Sec.  17.95  Critical habitat--fish and wildlife.


* * * * *
    (e) * * *


Bull Trout (Salvelinus confluentus)


    (1) Critical habitat is depicted for Adams, Benewah, Blaine, Boise, 
Bonner, Boundary, Butte, Clearwater, Custer, Idaho, Kootenai, Lemhi, 
Latah, Lewis, Nez Perce, Pend Oreille, Shoshone, Valley, and Washington 
counties, Idaho; Flathead, Lake, Lewis and Clark, Lincoln, Mineral, 
Missoula, Powell, Ravalli, and Sanders counties, Montana; Baker, 
Columbia, Crook, Deschutes, Gilliam, Grant, Harney, Hood River, 
Jefferson, Klamath, Lane, Linn, Malheur, Morrow, Multnomah, Sherman, 
Umatilla, Union, Wallowa, Wasco, and Wheeler counties, Oregon; and 
Asotin, Benton, Chelan, Columbia, Clark, Cowlitz, Douglas, Garfield, 
Franklin, Kittitas, Klickitat, Okanogan, Pacific, Pend Oreille, 
Skamania, Wahkiakum, Walla Walla, Whitman, and Yakima counties, 
Washington, on the maps and as described below.
    (2) Critical habitat includes the stream channels within the 
proposed stream reaches indicated on the maps below, and includes a 
lateral extent from the bankfull elevation on one bank to the bankfull 
elevation on the opposite bank. Bankfull elevation is the level at 
which water begins to leave the channel and move into the floodplain 
and is reached at a discharge that generally has a recurrence interval 
of 1 to 2 years on the annual flood series. If bankfull elevation is 
not evident on either bank, the ordinary high-water line as defined by 
the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (33 CFR 329.11) shall be used to 
determine the lateral extent of critical habitat. The lateral extent of 
proposed lakes and reservoirs is defined by the perimeter of the water 
body as mapped on standard 1:24,000 scale topographic maps.
    (3) Within these areas, the primary constituent elements for the 
bull trout are those habitat components that are essential for the 
primary biological needs of foraging, reproducing, rearing of young, 
dispersal, genetic exchange, or sheltering. Existing human-constructed 
features and structures within the critical habitat boundary, such as 
buildings, powerlines, roads, railroads, urban development, and other 
paved areas will not contain one or more of the primary constituent 
elements; consequently, Federal actions limited to those areas would 
not trigger a consultation under section 7 of the Act unless they 
affect the species and/or primary constituent elements in adjacent 
critical habitat. The primary constituent elements are:
    (i) Permanent water having low levels of contaminants such that 
normal reproduction, growth and survival are not inhibited;
    (ii) Water temperatures ranging from 2 to 15 [deg]C (36 to 59 
[deg]F), with adequate thermal refugia available for temperatures at 
the upper end of this range. Specific temperatures within this range 
will vary depending on bull trout life-history stage and form, 
geography, elevation, diurnal and seasonal variation, shade, such as 
that provided by riparian habitat, and local groundwater influence;
    (iii) Complex stream channels with features such as woody debris, 
side channels, pools, and undercut banks to provide a variety of 
depths, velocities, and instream structures;


[[Page 71314]]


    (iv) Substrates of sufficient amount, size, and composition to 
ensure success of egg and embryo overwinter survival, fry emergence, 
and young-of-the-year and juvenile survival. A minimal amount of fine 
substrate less than 0.63 mm (0.25 in) in diameter and minimal substrate 
embeddness are characteristic of these conditions;
    (v) A natural hydrograph, including peak, high, low and base flows 
within historic ranges or, if regulated, a hydrograph that demonstrates 
the ability to support bull trout populations;
    (vi) Springs, seeps, groundwater sources, and subsurface water 
connectivity to contribute to water quality and quantity;
    (vii) Migratory corridors with minimal physical, biological or 
chemical barriers between spawning, rearing, overwintering, and 
foraging habitats, including intermittent or seasonal barriers induced 
by high water temperatures or low flows;
    (viii) An abundant food base including terrestrial organisms of 
riparian origin, aquatic macroinvertebrates, and forage fish; and
    (ix) Few or no predatory, interbreeding, or competitive nonnative 
species present.
    (4) Proposed critical habitat does not include non-Federal lands 
covered by an incidental take permit for the Columbia River distinct 
population segment of bull trout issued under section 10(a)(1)(B) of 
the Act on or before the date of publication of this proposed rule, as 
long as such permit, or a conservation easement providing comparable 
conservation benefits, remains legally operative on such lands.


    Note: Index map follows:


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    (5) Unit 1--Klamath River Basin.
    (i) Critical Habitat Subunit--Upper Klamath Lake.
    (A) Agency Lake centered at 42.541 degrees latitude, and -121.963 
degrees longitude. Crane Creek from a lower point located at 42.628 
degrees latitude, and -122.068 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 42.661 degrees latitude, and -122.085 degrees longitude. 
Crystal Creek from a lower point located at 42.463 degrees latitude, 
and -122.075 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 42.575 
degrees latitude, and -122.081 degrees longitude. Fourmile Creek from a 
lower point located at 42.539 degrees latitude, and -122.002 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 42.633 degrees latitude, and -
122.076 degrees longitude. Fourmile Slough from a lower point located 
at 42.607 degrees latitude, and -122.046 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 42.535 degrees latitude, and -122.075 degrees 
longitude. Recreation Creek from a lower point located at 42.477 
degrees latitude, and -122.085 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 42.506 degrees latitude, and -122.074 degrees longitude. 
Sevenmile Canal from a lower point located at 42.582 degrees latitude, 
and -121.97 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 42.646 
degrees latitude, and -122.05 degrees longitude. Sevenmile Creek from a 
lower point located at 42.646 degrees latitude, and -122.05 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 42.69 degrees latitude, and -
122.15 degrees longitude. West Canal from a lower point located at 
42.531 degrees latitude, and -122.004 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 42.646 degrees latitude, and -122.05 degrees 
longitude.
    (B) Cherry Creek from a lower point located at 42.631 degrees 
latitude, and -122.073 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
42.615 degrees latitude, and -122.2 degrees longitude. Rock Creek from 
a lower point located at 42.554 degrees latitude, and -122.079 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 42.567 degrees latitude, and -
122.186 degrees longitude.
    (C) Threemile Creek from a lower point located at 42.642 degrees 
latitude, and -122.065 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
42.64 degrees latitude, and -122.138 degrees longitude.
    (D) Annie Creek from a lower point located at 42.722 degrees 
latitude, and -121.988 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
42.864 degrees latitude, and -122.155 degrees longitude. Crooked Creek 
from a lower point located at 42.599 degrees latitude, and -121.945 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 42.687 degrees latitude, 
and -121.964 degrees longitude. Fort Creek from a lower point located 
at 42.672 degrees latitude, and -121.979 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 42.695 degrees latitude, and -121.967 degrees 
longitude. Middle Fork Annie Creek from a lower point located at 42.838 
degrees latitude, and -122.127 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 42.886 degrees latitude, and -122.123 degrees longitude. 
Wood River from a lower point located at 42.577 degrees latitude, and -
121.94 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 42.747 degrees 
latitude, and -121.984 degrees longitude.
    (E) Sun Creek from a lower point located at 42.735 degrees 
latitude, and -122.008 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
42.898 degrees latitude, and -122.096 degrees longitude.
    (ii) Critical Habitat Subunit--Sycan Marsh.
    (A) Sycan Marsh centered at 42.811 degrees latitude, and -121.113 
degrees longitude. Sycan River from a lower point located at 42.78 
degrees latitude, and -121.048 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 42.647 degrees latitude, and -120.734 degrees longitude.
    (B) Calahan Creek from a lower point located at 42.838 degrees 
latitude, and -121.266 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
42.924 degrees latitude, and -121.291 degrees longitude. Long Creek 
from a lower point located at 42.826 degrees latitude, and -121.209 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 42.933 degrees latitude, 
and -121.338 degrees longitude.
    (C) Coyote Creek from a lower point located at 42.854 degrees 
latitude, and -121.158 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
42.893 degrees latitude, and -121.246 degrees longitude.
    (D) Boulder Creek from a lower point located at 42.66 degrees 
latitude, and -120.783 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
42.674 degrees latitude, and -120.761 degrees longitude. Rifle Creek 
from a lower point located at 42.694 degrees latitude, and -120.88 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 42.682 degrees latitude, 
and -120.845 degrees longitude. South Fork Sycan River from a lower 
point located at 42.663 degrees latitude, and -120.793 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 42.633 degrees latitude, and -
120.795 degrees longitude.
    (iii) Critical Habitat Subunit--Upper Sprague River.
    (A) Boulder Creek from a lower point located at 42.517 degrees 
latitude, and -120.951 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
42.495 degrees latitude, and -120.884 degrees longitude. Dixon Creek 
from a lower point located at 42.518 degrees latitude, and -120.937 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 42.532 degrees latitude, 
and -120.923 degrees longitude. North Fork Sprague River from a lower 
point located at 42.497 degrees latitude, and -121.008 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 42.557 degrees latitude, and -
120.839 degrees longitude. Unnamed creek--off Dixon Creek from a lower 
point located at 42.523 degrees latitude, and -120.93 degrees longitude 
to an upper point located at 42.521 degrees latitude, and -120.921 
degrees longitude.
    (B) Sheepy Creek from a lower point located at 42.534 degrees 
latitude, and -120.931 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
42.514 degrees latitude, and -120.89 degrees longitude.
    (C) Gearhart Creek from a lower point located at 42.566 degrees 
latitude, and -120.886 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
42.51 degrees latitude, and -120.871 degrees longitude. Hole Creek from 
a lower point located at 42.567 degrees latitude, and -120.869 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 42.541 degrees latitude, and -
120.86 degrees longitude. Nottin Creek from a lower point located at 
42.57 degrees latitude, and -120.87 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 42.532 degrees latitude, and -120.85 degrees longitude. 
School Creek from a lower point located at 42.604 degrees latitude, and 
-120.846 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 42.618 degrees 
latitude, and -120.806 degrees longitude.
    (D) Dead Cow Creek from a lower point located at 42.59 degrees 
latitude, and -120.835 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
42.562 degrees latitude, and -120.779 degrees longitude. Gold Creek 
from a lower point located at 42.59 degrees latitude, and -120.818 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 42.606 degrees latitude, 
and -120.794 degrees longitude.
    (E) Deming Creek from a lower point located at 42.448 degrees 
latitude, and -120.953 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
42.486 degrees latitude, and -120.885 degrees longitude.
    (F) Brownsworth Creek from a lower point located at 42.392 degrees 
latitude, and -120.913 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
42.469 degrees latitude, and -120.854 degrees longitude. Camp Creek 
from a lower point located at 42.445 degrees latitude, and -120.794 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 42.471 degrees latitude, 
and -120.837 degrees longitude. Corral Creek from a lower


[[Page 71317]]


point located at 42.455 degrees latitude, and -120.782 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 42.481 degrees latitude, and -
120.817 degrees longitude. South Fork Sprague River from a lower point 
located at 42.392 degrees latitude, and -120.913 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 42.481 degrees latitude, and -120.784 degrees 
longitude.
    (G) Leonard Creek from a lower point located at 42.413 degrees 
latitude, and -120.867 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
42.465 degrees latitude, and -120.864 degrees longitude.


    Note: Maps follow for Unit 1, Subunit i and Unit 1, Subunits ii 
and iii.


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    (6) Unit 2--Clark Fork River Basin.
    (i) Critical Habitat Subunit--Lake Pend Oreille.
    (A) Lake Pend Oreille centered at 48.158 degrees latitude, and -
116.438 degrees longitude.
    (B) East River from a lower point located at 48.353 degrees 
latitude, and -116.852 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.371 degrees latitude, and -116.819 degrees longitude. Middle Fork 
East River from a lower point located at 48.371 degrees latitude, and -
116.819 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 48.362 degrees 
latitude, and -116.659 degrees longitude. Priest River from a lower 
point located at 48.178 degrees latitude, and -116.892 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 48.353 degrees latitude, and -
116.852 degrees longitude. Tarlac Creek from a lower point located at 
48.393 degrees latitude, and -116.737 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 48.349 degrees latitude, and -116.717 degrees 
longitude. Uleda Creek from a lower point located at 48.388 degrees 
latitude, and -116.707 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.339 degrees latitude, and -116.694 degrees longitude.
    (C) Pack River from a lower point located at 48.32 degrees 
latitude, and -116.382 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.613 degrees latitude, and -116.634 degrees longitude.
    (D) Grouse Creek from a lower point located at 48.403 degrees 
latitude, and -116.477 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.483 degrees latitude, and -116.228 degrees longitude. North Fork 
Grouse Creek from a lower point located at 48.452 degrees latitude, and 
-116.373 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 48.502 degrees 
latitude, and -116.265 degrees longitude.
    (E) Trestle Creek from a lower point located at 48.283 degrees 
latitude, and -116.352 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.352 degrees latitude, and -116.234 degrees longitude.
    (F) Gold Creek from a lower point located at 47.971 degrees 
latitude, and -116.454 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.954 degrees latitude, and -116.451 degrees longitude. North Gold 
Creek from a lower point located at 47.974 degrees latitude, and -
116.452 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 47.975 degrees 
latitude, and -116.426 degrees longitude. West Gold Creek from a lower 
point located at 47.954 degrees latitude, and -116.451 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 47.944 degrees latitude, and -
116.477 degrees longitude.
    (G) Dry Gulch from a lower point located at 48.089 degrees 
latitude, and -116.357 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.087 degrees latitude, and -116.337 degrees longitude. Granite Creek 
from a lower point located at 48.087 degrees latitude, and -116.427 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 48.06 degrees latitude, 
and -116.329 degrees longitude. Sullivan Springs from a lower point 
located at 48.088 degrees latitude, and -116.411 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 48.084 degrees latitude, and -116.387 degrees 
longitude.
    (H) Johnson Creek from a lower point located at 48.139 degrees 
latitude, and -116.229 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.131 degrees latitude, and -116.225 degrees longitude.
    (I) Clark Fork River from a lower point located at 48.142 degrees 
latitude, and -116.202 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.089 degrees latitude, and -116.048 degrees longitude.
    (J) Char Creek from a lower point located at 48.262 degrees 
latitude, and -116.067 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.291 degrees latitude, and -116.073 degrees longitude. East Fork 
Creek from a lower point located at 48.241 degrees latitude, and -
116.112 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 48.262 degrees 
latitude, and -116.039 degrees longitude. Lightning Creek from a lower 
point located at 48.14 degrees latitude, and -116.191 degrees longitude 
to an upper point located at 48.353 degrees latitude, and -116.175 
degrees longitude. Morris Creek from a lower point located at 48.224 
degrees latitude, and -116.117 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 48.208 degrees latitude, and -116.08 degrees longitude. 
Porcupine Creek from a lower point located at 48.267 degrees latitude, 
and -116.123 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 48.253 
degrees latitude, and -116.156 degrees longitude. Rattle Creek from a 
lower point located at 48.326 degrees latitude, and -116.172 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 48.314 degrees latitude, and -
116.1 degrees longitude. Savage Creek from a lower point located at 
48.248 degrees latitude, and -116.096 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 48.226 degrees latitude, and -116.028 degrees 
longitude. Wellington Creek from a lower point located at 48.29 degrees 
latitude, and -116.162 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.295 degrees latitude, and -116.173 degrees longitude.
    (K) Dry Creek from a lower point located at 48.094 degrees 
latitude, and -116.129 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.089 degrees latitude, and -116.122 degrees longitude. Twin Creek 
from a lower point located at 48.089 degrees latitude, and -116.122 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 48.063 degrees latitude, 
and -116.151 degrees longitude.
    (ii) Critical Habitat Subunit--Lower Clark Fork River.
    (A) Cabinet Gorge Reservoir centered at 48.036 degrees latitude, 
and -115.872 degrees longitude.
    (B) Bull River from a lower point located at 48.036 degrees 
latitude, and -115.844 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.109 degrees latitude, and -115.782 degrees longitude. Copper Creek 
from a lower point located at 48.088 degrees latitude, and -115.773 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 48.078 degrees latitude, 
and -115.685 degrees longitude. East Fork Bull River from a lower point 
located at 48.109 degrees latitude, and -115.782 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 48.091 degrees latitude, and -115.645 degrees 
longitude. South Fork Bull River from a lower point located at 48.109 
degrees latitude, and -115.782 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 48.152 degrees latitude, and -115.784 degrees longitude.
    (C) Rock Creek from a lower point located at 47.975 degrees 
latitude, and -115.742 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.04 degrees latitude, and -115,676 degrees longitude.
    (D) Noxon Rapids Reservoir centered at 47.892 degrees latitude, and 
-115.705 degrees longitude.
    (E) Crow Creek from a lower point located at 47.539 degrees 
latitude, and -115.557 degrees longitude. Crow Creek, East Fork, from a 
lower point located at 47.525 degrees latitude, and -115.557 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 47.48 degrees latitude, and -
115.542 degrees longitude. Graves Creek from a lower point located at 
47.682 degrees latitude, and -115.409 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 47.718 degrees latitude, and -115.38 degrees 
longitude. Prospect Creek from a lower point located at 47.592 degrees 
latitude, and -115.358 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.569 degrees latitude, and -115.676 degrees longitude. Vermilion 
River from a lower point located at 47.833 degrees latitude, and -
115.535 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 47.869 degrees 
latitude, and -115.409 degrees longitude.
    (F) Clark Fork River from a lower point located at 47.813 degrees 
latitude, and -115.53 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.366 degrees latitude, and -114.776 degrees longitude.
    (G) Beatrice Creek from a lower point located at 47.794 degrees 
latitude, and -115.102 degrees longitude to an upper


[[Page 71321]]


point located at 47.765 degrees latitude, and -115.201 degrees 
longitude. Fishtrap Creek from a lower point located at 47.713 degrees 
latitude, and -115.058 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.817 degrees latitude, and -115.144 degrees longitude. Fishtrap 
Creek, West Fork from a lower point located at 47.817 degrees latitude, 
and -115.144 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 47.769 
degrees latitude, and -115.243 degrees longitude. Thompson River from a 
lower point located at 47.576 degrees latitude, and -115.24 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 47.713 degrees latitude, and -
115.058 degrees longitude. Thompson River, West Fork, from a lower 
point located at 47.65 degrees latitude, and -115.173 degrees longitude 
to an upper point located at 47.708 degrees latitude, and -115.208 
degrees longitude.
    (H) Flathead River from a lower point located at 47.366 degrees 
latitude, and -114.776 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.354 degrees latitude, and -114.285 degrees longitude.
    (I) Jocko River from a lower point located at 47.322 degrees 
latitude, and -114.304 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.201 degrees latitude, and -113.924 degrees longitude. Jocko River, 
Middle Fork, from a lower point located at 47.201 degrees latitude, and 
-113.924 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 47.203 degrees 
latitude, and -113.761 degrees longitude. Jocko River, North Fork, from 
a lower point located at 47.201 degrees latitude, and -113.924 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 47.226 degrees latitude, and -
113.816 degrees longitude. Jocko River, South Fork, from a lower point 
located at 47.195 degrees latitude, and -113.852 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 47.104 degrees latitude, and -113.766 degrees 
longitude.
    (J) Dry Creek from a lower point located at 47.305 degrees 
latitude, and -114.064 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.259 degrees latitude, and -113.903 degrees longitude. McDonald Lake 
centered at 47.421 degrees latitude, and -113.977 degrees longitude. 
Mission Creek from a lower point located at 47.354 degrees latitude, 
and -114.285 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 47.32 
degrees latitude, and -113.988 degrees longitude. Mission Reservoir 
centered at 47.319 degrees latitude, and -114.007 degrees longitude. 
Post Creek from a lower point located at 47.36 degrees latitude, and -
114.168 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 47.41 degrees 
latitude, and -113.935 degrees longitude. Saint Mary's Lake centered at 
47.261 degrees latitude, and -113.922 degrees longitude.
    (iii) Critical Habitat Subunit--Middle Clark Fork River.
    (A) Clark Fork River from a lower point located at 47.366 degrees 
latitude, and -114.776 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.87 degrees latitude, and -113.889 degrees longitude.
    (B) Big Creek from a lower point located at 47.378 degrees 
latitude, and -115.384 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.364 degrees latitude, and -115.444 degrees longitude. Big Creek, 
East Fork, from a lower point located at 47.362 degrees latitude, and -
115.429 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 47.284 degrees 
latitude, and -115.455 degrees longitude. Big Creek, Middle Fork, from 
a lower point located at 47.364 degrees latitude, and -115.444 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 47.312 degrees latitude, and -
115.492 degrees longitude. Big Creek, West Fork from a lower point 
located at 47.364 degrees latitude, and -115.444 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 47.35 degrees latitude, and -115.544 degrees 
longitude. Deer Creek from a lower point located at 47.377 degrees 
latitude, and -115.359 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.326 degrees latitude, and -115.389 degrees longitude. Little Joe 
Creek from a lower point located at 47.297 degrees latitude, and -
115.12 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 47.27 degrees 
latitude, and -115.14 degrees longitude. Little Joe Creek, North Fork 
from a lower point located at 47.27 degrees latitude, and -115.14 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 47.186 degrees latitude, 
and -115.285 degrees longitude. Little Joe Creek, South Fork from a 
lower point located at 47.27 degrees latitude, and -115.14 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 47.154 degrees latitude, and -
115.234 degrees longitude. St. Regis River from a lower point located 
at 47.297 degrees latitude, and -115.089 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 47.427 degrees latitude, and -115.741 degrees 
longitude. Twelvemile Creek from a lower point located at 47.35 degrees 
latitude, and -115.291 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.465 degrees latitude, and -115.324 degrees longitude. Ward Creek 
from a lower point located at 47.312 degrees latitude, and -115.233 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 47.274 degrees latitude, 
and -115.364 degrees longitude.
    (C) Cedar Creek from a lower point located at 47.178 degrees 
latitude, and -114.862 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.049 degrees latitude, and -115.043 degrees longitude. Lost Creek 
from a lower point located at 47.128 degrees latitude, and -115.012 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 47.101 degrees latitude, 
and -115.126 degrees longitude. Oregon Gulch from a lower point located 
at 47.144 degrees latitude, and -114.967 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 47.128 degrees latitude, and -115.012 degrees 
longitude.
    (D) Trout Creek from a lower point located at 47.143 degrees 
latitude, and -114.829 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.004 degrees latitude, and -114.992 degrees longitude.
    (E) Cache Creek from a lower point located at 46.814 degrees 
latitude, and -114.639 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.726 degrees latitude, and -114.758 degrees longitude. Fish Creek 
from a lower point located at 47.004 degrees latitude, and -114.699 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.927 degrees latitude, 
and -114.696 degrees longitude. Fish Creek, North Fork, from a lower 
point located at 46.907 degrees latitude, and -114.805 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 46.929 degrees latitude, and -
114.944 degrees longitude. Fish Creek, South Fork, from a lower point 
located at 46.927 degrees latitude, and -114.696 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 46.753 degrees latitude, and -114.571 degrees 
longitude. Fish Creek, West Fork, from a lower point located at 46.927 
degrees latitude, and -114.696 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 46.812 degrees latitude, and -114.89 degrees longitude. 
Indian Creek from a lower point located at 46.855 degrees latitude, and 
-114.835 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.838 degrees 
latitude, and -114.834 degrees longitude. Montana Creek from a lower 
point located at 46.8 degrees latitude, and -114.654 degrees longitude 
to an upper point located at 46.808 degrees latitude, and -114.762 
degrees longitude. Straight Creek from a lower point located at 46.91 
degrees latitude, and -114.815 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 46.86 degrees latitude, and -114.937 degrees longitude. 
Surveyors Creek from a lower point located at 46.846 degrees latitude, 
and -114.683 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.823 
degrees latitude, and -114.757 degrees longitude. White Creek from a 
lower point located at 46.797 degrees latitude, and -114.659 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 46.753 degrees latitude, and -
114.614 degrees longitude.
    (F) Petty Creek from a lower point located at 46.992 degrees 
latitude, and


[[Page 71322]]


-114.446 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.85 degrees 
latitude, and -114.438 degrees longitude.
    (G) Rattlesnake Creek from a lower point located at 46.867 degrees 
latitude, and -113.985 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.098 degrees latitude, and -113.909 degrees longitude.
    (iv) Critical Habitat Subunit--Upper Clark Fork River.
    (A) Clark Fork River from a lower point located at 46.87 degrees 
latitude, and -113.889 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.21 degrees latitude, and -112.767 degrees longitude.
    (B) Harvey Creek from a lower point located at 46.707 degrees 
latitude, and -113.372 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.581 degrees latitude, and -113.573 degrees longitude.
    (C) Flint Creek from a lower point located at 46.654 degrees 
latitude, and -113.145 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.478 degrees latitude, and -113.237 degrees longitude.
    (D) Boulder Creek from a lower point located at 46.478 degrees 
latitude, and -113.237 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.343 degrees latitude, and -113.076 degrees longitude. South Boulder 
Creek from a lower point located at 46.441 degrees latitude, and -
113.214 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.33 degrees 
latitude, and -113.219 degrees longitude.
    (E) Little Blackfoot River from a lower point located at 46.515 
degrees latitude, and -112.797 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 46.341 degrees latitude, and -112.465 degrees longitude.
    (F) Racetrack Creek from a lower point located at 46.285 degrees 
latitude, and -112.729 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.279 degrees latitude, and -112.949 degrees longitude.
    (G) Barker Creek from a lower point located at 46.163 degrees 
latitude, and -113.115 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.1 degrees latitude, and -113.115 degrees longitude. Cable Creek from 
a lower point located at 46.172 degrees latitude, and -113.18 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 46.196 degrees latitude, and -
113.213 degrees longitude. Foster Creek from a lower point located at 
46.164 degrees latitude, and -113.12 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 46.283 degrees latitude, and -113.109 degrees 
longitude. Storm Lake Creek from a lower point located at 46.169 
degrees latitude, and -113.153 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 46.075 degrees latitude, and -113.267 degrees longitude. 
Twin Lakes Creek from a lower point located at 46.169 degrees latitude, 
and -113.152 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.056 
degrees latitude, and -113.226 degrees longitude. Warm Springs Creek 
from a lower point located at 46.21 degrees latitude, and -112.767 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.261 degrees latitude, 
and -113.137 degrees longitude.
    (v) Critical Habitat Subunit--Priest Lakes and River.
    (A) Cedar Creek from a lower point located at 48.88 degrees 
latitude, and -116.959 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.909 degrees latitude, and -116.885 degrees longitude. Lime Creek 
from a lower point located at 48.894 degrees latitude, and -116.964 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 48.938 degrees latitude, 
and -116.929 degrees longitude. Rock Creek from a lower point located 
at 48.906 degrees latitude, and -116.97 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 48.954 degrees latitude, and -116.945 degrees 
longitude. Upper Priest River from a lower point located at 48.799 
degrees latitude, and -116.911 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 49 degrees latitude, and -116.936 degrees longitude.
    (B) Gold Creek from a lower point located at 48.821 degrees 
latitude, and -116.973 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.807 degrees latitude, and -117.112 degrees longitude. Hughes Fork 
from a lower point located at 48.805 degrees latitude, and -116.923 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 48.946 degrees latitude, 
and -117.023 degrees longitude.
    (C) Upper Priest Lake centered at 48.785 degrees latitude, and -
116.888 degrees longitude.
    (D) Trapper Creek from a lower point located at 48.796 degrees 
latitude, and -116.896 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.877 degrees latitude, and -116.846 degrees longitude.
    (E) Priest Lake centered at 48.588 degrees latitude, and -116.864 
degrees longitude. The Thorofare from a lower point located at 48.74 
degrees latitude, and -116.842 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 48.766 degrees latitude, and -116.864 degrees longitude.
    (F) Lion Creek from a lower point located at 48.736 degrees 
latitude, and -116.831 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.725 degrees latitude, and -116.672 degrees longitude. South Fork 
Lion Creek from a lower point located at 48.743 degrees latitude, and -
116.797 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 48.716 degrees 
latitude, and -116.718 degrees longitude.
    (G) Two Mouth Creek from a lower point located at 48.688 degrees 
latitude, and -116.836 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.674 degrees latitude, and -116.676 degrees longitude.
    (H) Granite Creek from a lower point located at 48.639 degrees 
latitude, and -116.863 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.7 degrees latitude, and -117.029 degrees longitude. North Fork 
Granite Creek from a lower point located at 48.7 degrees latitude, and 
-117.029 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 48.77 degrees 
latitude, and -117.142 degrees longitude. South Fork Granite Creek from 
a lower point located at 48.7 degrees latitude, and -117.029 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 48.761 degrees latitude, and -
117.147 degrees longitude.
    (I) Indian Creek from a lower point located at 48.61 degrees 
latitude, and -116.836 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.634 degrees latitude, and -116.789 degrees longitude. North Fork 
Indian Creek from a lower point located at 48.634 degrees latitude, and 
-116.789 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 48.627 degrees 
latitude, and -116.691 degrees longitude. South Fork Indian Creek from 
a lower point located at 48.634 degrees latitude, and -116.789 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 48.624 degrees latitude, and -
116.716 degrees longitude.
    (J) Kalispell Creek from a lower point located at 48.567 degrees 
latitude, and -116.921 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.626 degrees latitude, and -117.134 degrees longitude.
    (K) Soldier Creek from a lower point located at 48.503 degrees 
latitude, and -116.838 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.547 degrees latitude, and -116.698 degrees longitude.
    (vi) Critical Habitat Subunit--Flathead Lake, Flathead River and 20 
Headwater lakes.
    (A) Flathead Lake centered at 47.886 degrees latitude, and -114.133 
degrees longitude.
    (B) Flathead River from a lower point located at 48.061 degrees 
latitude, and -114.127 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.468 degrees latitude, and -114.069 degrees longitude. Flathead 
River, Middle Fork from a lower point located at 48.468 degrees 
latitude, and -114.069 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.996 degrees latitude, and -113.057 degrees longitude. Flathead 
River, North Fork from a lower point located at 48.468 degrees 
latitude, and -114.069 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
49 degrees latitude, and -114.474 degrees longitude.


[[Page 71323]]


    (C) Nyack Creek from a lower point located at 48.452 degrees 
latitude, and -113.796 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.489 degrees latitude, and -113.7 degrees longitude.
    (D) Park Creek from a lower point located at 48.31 degrees 
latitude, and -113.613 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.369 degrees latitude, and -113.49 degrees longitude.
    (E) Ole Creek from a lower point located at 48.283 degrees 
latitude, and -113.598 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.315 degrees latitude, and -113.463 degrees longitude.
    (F) Bear Creek from a lower point located at 48.234 degrees 
latitude, and -113.566 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.296 degrees latitude, and -113.384 degrees longitude.
    (G) Long Creek from a lower point located at 48.157 degrees 
latitude, and -113.529 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.094 degrees latitude, and -113.496 degrees longitude.
    (H) Granite Creek from a lower point located at 48.145 degrees 
latitude, and -113.376 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.226 degrees latitude, and -113.332 degrees longitude.
    (I) Lodgepole Creek from a lower point located at 48.115 degrees 
latitude, and -113.264 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.123 degrees latitude, and -113.233 degrees longitude. Morrison Creek 
from a lower point located at 48.11 degrees latitude, and -113.31 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 48.22 degrees latitude, 
and -113.272 degrees longitude. Puzzle Creek from a lower point located 
at 48.22 degrees latitude, and -113.272 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 48.187 degrees latitude, and -113.247 degrees 
longitude. Whistler Creek from a lower point located at 48.123 degrees 
latitude, and -113.233 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.169 degrees latitude, and -113.226 degrees longitude.
    (J) Dolly Varden Creek from a lower point located at 48.066 degrees 
latitude, and -113.244 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.995 degrees latitude, and -113.184 degrees longitude. Schafer Creek 
from a lower point located at 48.071 degrees latitude, and -113.25 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 48.038 degrees latitude, 
and -113.269 degrees longitude.
    (K) Clack Creek from a lower point located at 48.012 degrees 
latitude, and -113.089 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.988 degrees latitude, and -113.104 degrees longitude.
    (L) Basin Creek from a lower point located at 47.966 degrees 
latitude, and -112.995 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.935 degrees latitude, and -113.073 degrees longitude. Bowl Creek 
from a lower point located at 47.996 degrees latitude, and -113.057 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 47.966 degrees latitude, 
and -112.995 degrees longitude. Scalp Creek from a lower point located 
at 47.982 degrees latitude, and -113.041 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 47.957 degrees latitude, and -113.081 degrees 
longitude.
    (M) Gateway Creek from a lower point located at 48.03 degrees 
latitude, and -113.021 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.046 degrees latitude, and -112.958 degrees longitude. Strawberry 
Creek from a lower point located at 47.996 degrees latitude, and -
113.057 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 48.132 degrees 
latitude, and -113.033 degrees longitude. Strawberry Creek, East Fork, 
from a lower point located at 48.064 degrees latitude, and -113.03 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 48.089 degrees latitude, 
and -112.983 degrees longitude. Trail Creek from a lower point located 
at 48.014 degrees latitude, and -113.019 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 48.012 degrees latitude, and -112.946 degrees 
longitude.
    (N) Big Creek from a lower point located at 48.604 degrees 
latitude, and -14.163 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.551 degrees latitude, and -114.335 degrees longitude. Hallowat Creek 
from a lower point located at 48.575 degrees latitude, and -114.316 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 48.615 degrees latitude, 
and -114.456 degrees longitude. Kletomus Creek from a lower point 
located at 48.602 degrees latitude, and -114.413 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 48.644 degrees latitude, and -114.413 degrees 
longitude. Skookoleel Creek from a lower point located at 48.571 
degrees latitude, and -114.313 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 48.522 degrees latitude, and -114.295 degrees longitude. 
Werner Creek from a lower point located at 48.594 degrees latitude, and 
-114.364 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 48.585 degrees 
latitude, and -114.413 degrees longitude.
    (O) Coal Creek from a lower point located at 48.69 degrees 
latitude, and -114.193 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.698 degrees latitude, and -114.494 degrees longitude. Coal Creek, 
South Fork from a lower point located at 48.68 degrees latitude, and -
114.345 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 48.674 degrees 
latitude, and -114.471 degrees longitude. Cyclone Creek from a lower 
point located at 48.665 degrees latitude, and -114.238 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 48.712 degrees latitude, and -
114.391 degrees longitude. Mathias Creek from a lower point located at 
48.669 degrees latitude, and -114.422 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 48.647 degrees latitude, and -114.471 degrees 
longitude.
    (P) Cyclone Lake centered at 48.705 degrees latitude, and -114.3 
degrees longitude.
    (Q) Red Meadow Creek from a lower point located at 48.805 degrees 
latitude, and -114.324 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.753 degrees latitude, and -114.565 degrees longitude.
    (R) Shorty Creek from a lower point located at 48.851 degrees 
latitude, and -114.593 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.818 degrees latitude, and -114.613 degrees longitude. Shorty Creek, 
South Fork, from a lower point located at 48.818 degrees latitude, and 
-114.613 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 48.804 degrees 
latitude, and -114.613 degrees longitude. Whale Creek from a lower 
point located at 48.849 degrees latitude, and -114.352 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 48.851 degrees latitude, and -
114.593 degrees longitude.
    (S) Trail Creek from a lower point located at 48.924 degrees 
latitude, and -114.386 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.934 degrees latitude, and -114.534 degrees longitude.
    (T) Swift Creek from a lower point located at 48.481 degrees 
latitude, and -114.424 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.654 degrees latitude, and -114.55 degrees longitude. Swift Creek, 
West Fork from a lower point located at 48.654 degrees latitude, and -
114.55 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 48.723 degrees 
latitude, and -114.667 degrees longitude. Whitefish Lake centered at 
48.451 degrees latitude, and -114.381 degrees longitude.
    (U) Swift Creek, East Fork from a lower point located at 48.687 
degrees latitude, and -114.582 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 48.756 degrees latitude, and -114.583 degrees longitude. 
Upper Whitefish Lake centered at 48.687 degrees latitude, and -114.578 
degrees longitude.
    (V) Fitzsimmons Creek from a lower point located at 48.735 degrees 
latitude, and -114.733 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.752 degrees latitude, and -114.618 degrees longitude. Stillwater 
River from a lower point located at 48.604 degrees latitude, and -
114.655 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 48.789 degrees


[[Page 71324]]


latitude, and -114.685 degrees longitude. Upper Stillwater Lake 
centered at 48.588 degrees latitude, and -114.636 degrees longitude.
    (W) Lake McDonald centered at 48.584 degrees latitude, and -113.925 
degrees longitude. McDonald Creek from a lower point located at 48.632 
degrees latitude, and -113.868 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 48.646 degrees latitude, and -113.847 degrees longitude.
    (X) Lincoln Creek from a lower point located at 48.592 degrees 
latitude, and -113.766 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.595 degrees latitude, and -113.758 degrees longitude. Lincoln Lake 
centered at 48.591 degrees latitude, and -113.77 degrees longitude.
    (Y) Harrison Creek from a lower point located at 48.529 degrees 
latitude, and -113.75 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.574 degrees latitude, and -113.701 degrees longitude. Harrison Lake 
centered at 48.516 degrees latitude, and -113.77 degrees longitude.
    (Z) Lake Isabel centered at 48.422 degrees latitude, and -113.493 
degrees longitude. Park Creek from a lower point located at 48.422 
degrees latitude, and -113.496 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 48.421 degrees latitude, and -113.505 degrees longitude.
    (AA) Arrow Lake centered at 48.706 degrees latitude, and -113.884 
degrees longitude. Camas Creek from a lower point located at 48.69 
degrees latitude, and -113.901 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 48.738 degrees latitude, and -113.883 degrees longitude. 
Trout Lake centered at 48.68 degrees latitude, and -113.909 degrees 
longitude.
    (BB) Logging Creek from a lower point located at 48.784 degrees 
latitude, and -114.002 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.776 degrees latitude, and -114.019 degrees longitude. Logging Lake 
centered at 48.758 degrees latitude, and -114.074 degrees longitude.
    (CC) Cerulean Lake centered at 48.872 degrees latitude, and -
114.056 degrees longitude. Lower Quartz Lake centered at 48.807 degrees 
latitude, and -114.171 degrees longitude. Middle Quartz Lake centered 
at 48.822 degrees latitude, and -114.141 degrees longitude. Quartz 
Creek from a lower point located at 48.815 degrees latitude, and -
114.165 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 48.839 degrees 
latitude, and -114.003 degrees longitude. Quartz Lake centered at 
48.828 degrees latitude, and -114.095 degrees longitude. Rainbow Creek 
from a lower point located at 48.855 degrees latitude, and -114.053 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 48.869 degrees latitude, 
and -114.052 degrees longitude.
    (DD) Bowman Creek from a lower point located at 48.906 degrees 
latitude, and -114.117 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.974 degrees latitude, and -114.063 degrees longitude. Bowman Lake 
centered at 48.872 degrees latitude, and -114.153 degrees longitude.
    (EE) Akokala Creek from a lower point located at 48.881 degrees 
latitude, and -114.198 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.892 degrees latitude, and -114.191 degrees longitude. Akokala Lake 
centered at 48.879 degrees latitude, and -114.198 degrees longitude.
    (FF) Kintla Creek from a lower point located at 48.975 degrees 
latitude, and -114.25 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.986 degrees latitude, and -114.063 degrees longitude. Kintla Lake 
centered at 48.959 degrees latitude, and -114.306 degrees longitude.
    (GG) Upper Kintla Lake centered at 48.976 degrees latitude, and -
114.175 degrees longitude.
    (HH) Frozen Creek from a lower point located at 48.999 degrees 
latitude, and -114.685 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.99 degrees latitude, and -114.737 degrees longitude. Frozen Lake 
centered at 48.999 degrees latitude, and -114.68 degrees longitude.
    (vii) Critical Habitat Subunit--Swan.
    (A) Swan Lake centered at 47.945 degrees latitude, and -113.878 
degrees longitude. Swan River from a lower point located at 47.928 
degrees latitude, and -113.88 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 47.295 degrees latitude, and -113.782 degrees longitude.
    (B) Lost Creek from a lower point located at 47.873 degrees 
latitude, and -113.824 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.87 degrees latitude, and -113.848 degrees longitude. Lost Creek, 
North Fork from a lower point located at 47.873 degrees latitude, and -
113.824 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 47.897 degrees 
latitude, and -113.737 degrees longitude. Lost Creek, South Fork from a 
lower point located at 47.873 degrees latitude, and -113.824 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 47.869 degrees latitude, and -
113.736 degrees longitude.
    (C) Soup Creek from a lower point located at 47.837 degrees 
latitude, and -113.843 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.812 degrees latitude, and -113.751 degrees longitude.
    (D) Woodward Creek from a lower point located at 47.777 degrees 
latitude, and -113.845 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.767 degrees latitude, and -113.879 degrees longitude. Woodward 
Creek, South Fork from a lower point located at 47.754 degrees 
latitude, and -113.857 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.717 degrees latitude, and -113.857 degrees longitude.
    (E) Goat Creek from a lower point located at 47.749 degrees 
latitude, and -113.828 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.773 degrees latitude, and -113.694 degrees longitude. Squeezer Creek 
from a lower point located at 47.75 degrees latitude, and -113.815 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 47.717 degrees latitude, 
and -113.727 degrees longitude.
    (F) Lion Creek from a lower point located at 47.681 degrees 
latitude, and -113.815 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.67 degrees latitude, and -113.71 degrees longitude.
    (G) Piper Creek from a lower point located at 47.675 degrees 
latitude, and -113.815 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.637 degrees latitude, and -113.844 degrees longitude.
    (H) Jim Creek from a lower point located at 47.648 degrees 
latitude, and -113.792 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.575 degrees latitude, and -113.856 degrees longitude.
    (I) Cold Creek from a lower point located at 47.584 degrees 
latitude, and -113.756 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.562 degrees latitude, and -113.81 degrees longitude.
    (J) Elk Creek from a lower point located at 47.544 degrees 
latitude, and -113.741 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.48 degrees latitude, and -113.856 degrees longitude.
    (K) Crystal Creek from a lower point located at 47.336 degrees 
latitude, and -113.767 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.334 degrees latitude, and -113.775 degrees longitude. Lindbergh Lake 
centered at 47.379 degrees latitude, and -113.739 degrees longitude.
    (L) Holland Creek from a lower point located at 47.451 degrees 
latitude, and -113.572 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.451 degrees latitude, and -113.58 degrees longitude. Holland Lake 
centered at 47.448 degrees latitude, and -113.597 degrees longitude.
    (viii) Critical Habitat Subunit--Hungry Horse Reservoir.
    (A) Flathead River, South Fork from a lower point located at 47.445 
degrees latitude, and -113.183 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 48.001 degrees latitude, and -113.571 degrees longitude. 
Hungry Horse Reservoir centered at 48.2 degrees latitude, and -113.771 
degrees longitude.
    (B) Wounded Buck Creek from a lower point located at 48.28 degrees


[[Page 71325]]


latitude, and -113.935 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.235 degrees latitude, and -113.962 degrees longitude.
    (C) Wheeler Creek from a lower point located at 48.096 degrees 
latitude, and -113.729 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.067 degrees latitude, and -113.776 degrees longitude.
    (D) Quintonkon Creek from a lower point located at 48.026 degrees 
latitude, and -113.707 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.013 degrees latitude, and -113.766 degrees longitude. Sullivan Creek 
from a lower point located at 48.044 degrees latitude, and -113.689 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 47.879 degrees latitude, 
and -113.656 degrees longitude.
    (E) Spotted Bear River from a lower point located at 47.924 degrees 
latitude, and -113.526 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.878 degrees latitude, and -113.212 degrees longitude.
    (F) Bunker Creek from a lower point located at 47.83 degrees 
latitude, and -113.415 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.829 degrees latitude, and -113.581 degrees longitude.
    (G) Little Salmon Creek from a lower point located at 47.655 
degrees latitude, and -113.36 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 47.588 degrees latitude, and -113.61 degrees longitude.
    (H) Big Salmon Creek from a lower point located at 47.586 degrees 
latitude, and -113.419 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.567 degrees latitude, and -113.495 degrees longitude. Big Salmon 
Lake centered at 47.602 degrees latitude, and -113.386 degrees 
longitude.
    (I) White River from a lower point located at 47.588 degrees 
latitude, and -113.298 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.611 degrees latitude, and -113.203 degrees longitude.
    (J) Gordon Creek from a lower point located at 47.479 degrees 
latitude, and -113.224 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.424 degrees latitude, and -113.437 degrees longitude.
    (K) Doctor Creek from a lower point located at 47.388 degrees 
latitude, and -113.482 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.429 degrees latitude, and -113.458 degrees longitude. Doctor Lake 
centered at 47.404 degrees latitude, and -113.48 degrees longitude.
    (L) Babcock Creek from a lower point located at 47.366 degrees 
latitude, and -113.269 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.359 degrees latitude, and -113.351 degrees longitude. Youngs Creek 
from a lower point located at 47.445 degrees latitude, and -113.183 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 47.282 degrees latitude, 
and -113.313 degrees longitude.
    (M) Danaher Creek from a lower point located at 47.445 degrees 
latitude, and -113.183 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.275 degrees latitude, and -113.014 degrees longitude. Rapid Creek 
from a lower point located at 47.372 degrees latitude, and -113.054 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 47.382 degrees latitude, 
and -113.026 degrees longitude.
    (ix) Critical Habitat Subunit--Bitterroot.
    (A) Bitterroot River from a lower point located at 46.861 degrees 
latitude, and -114.118 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.944 degrees latitude, and -114.128 degrees longitude.
    (B) Burnt Fork Creek from a lower point located at 46.542 degrees 
latitude, and -114.099 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.304 degrees latitude, and -113.837 degrees longitude. Gold Creek 
from a lower point located at 46.398 degrees latitude, and -113.903 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.324 degrees latitude, 
and -113.904 degrees longitude. Little Burnt Fork Creek from a lower 
point located at 46.322 degrees latitude, and -113.808 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 46.287 degrees latitude, and -
113.831 degrees longitude.
    (C) Fred Burr Creek from a lower point located at 46.348 degrees 
latitude, and -114.152 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.357 degrees latitude, and -114.315 degrees longitude. Mill Creek 
from a lower point located at 46.372 degrees latitude, and -114.127 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.312 degrees latitude, 
and -114.286 degrees longitude.
    (D) Blodgett Creek from a lower point located at 46.312 degrees 
latitude, and -114.145 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.248 degrees latitude, and -114.453 degrees longitude.
    (E) Daly Creek from a lower point located at 46.168 degrees 
latitude, and -113.911 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.25 degrees latitude, and -113.823 degrees longitude. Railroad Creek 
from a lower point located at 46.158 degrees latitude, and -113.885 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.188 degrees latitude, 
and -113.803 degrees longitude. Skalkaho Creek from a lower point 
located at 46.22 degrees latitude, and -114.162 degrees longitude to an 
upper point located at 46.057 degrees latitude, and -113.807 degrees 
longitude. Weasel Creek from a lower point located at 46.129 degrees 
latitude, and -113.854 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.152 degrees latitude, and -113.799 degrees longitude.
    (F) Divide Creek from a lower point located at 46.064 degrees 
latitude, and -113.967 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.043 degrees latitude, and -113.818 degrees longitude. Sleeping Child 
Creek from a lower point located at 46.162 degrees latitude, and -
114.159 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.033 degrees 
latitude, and -113.814 degrees longitude. Switchback Creek from a lower 
point located at 46.059 degrees latitude, and -113.933 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 46.066 degrees latitude, and -
113.925 degrees longitude. Two Bear Creek from a lower point located at 
46.111 degrees latitude, and -114.009 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 46.094 degrees latitude, and -113.897 degrees 
longitude.
    (G) Beaver Creek from a lower point located at 45.528 degrees 
latitude, and -114.318 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.507 degrees latitude, and -114.393 degrees longitude. Bitterroot 
River, West Fork from a lower point located at 45.944 degrees latitude, 
and -114.128 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.461 
degrees latitude, and -114.341 degrees longitude. Blue Joint Creek from 
a lower point located at 45.696 degrees latitude, and -114.314 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 45.6 degrees latitude, and -
114.518 degrees longitude. Chicken Creek from a lower point located at 
45.601 degrees latitude, and -114.313 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 45.621 degrees latitude, and -114.403 degrees 
longitude. Deer Creek from a lower point located at 45.595 degrees 
latitude, and -114.321 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.57 degrees latitude, and -114.509 degrees longitude. Hughes Creek 
from a lower point located at 45.621 degrees latitude, and -114.303 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.667 degrees latitude, 
and -114.021 degrees longitude. Johnson Creek from a lower point 
located at 45.538 degrees latitude, and -114.319 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 45.494 degrees latitude, and -114.268 degrees 
longitude. Overwhich Creek from a lower point located at 45.675 degrees 
latitude, and -114.307 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.717 degrees latitude, and -114.08 degrees longitude. Painted Rocks 
Reservoir centered at 45.701 degrees latitude, and -114.293 degrees 
longitude. Sheep Creek from a lower point located at 45.52 degrees 
latitude, and -114.319 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.482 degrees latitude, and


[[Page 71326]]


-114.304 degrees longitude. Slate Creek from a lower point located at 
45.698 degrees latitude, and -114.286 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 45.734 degrees latitude, and -114.183 degrees 
longitude. Straight Creek from a lower point located at 45.677 degrees 
latitude, and -114.099 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.683 degrees latitude, and -114.04 degrees longitude. Woods Creek 
from a lower point located at 45.564 degrees latitude, and -114.321 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.512 degrees latitude, 
and -114.402 degrees longitude.
    (H) Bitterroot River, East Fork from a lower point located at 
45.944 degrees latitude, and -114.128 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 45.911 degrees latitude, and -113.595 degrees 
longitude. Buck Creek from a lower point located at 45.903 degrees 
latitude, and -113.631 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.891 degrees latitude, and -113.633 degrees longitude. Bugle Creek 
from a lower point located at 45.878 degrees latitude, and -113.786 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.835 degrees latitude, 
and -113.776 degrees longitude. Bush Creek from a lower point located 
at 45.944 degrees latitude, and -113.733 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 46 degrees latitude, and -113.731 degrees longitude. 
Lick Creek from a lower point located at 45.938 degrees latitude, and -
113.717 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.944 degrees 
latitude, and -113.656 degrees longitude. Martin Creek from a lower 
point located at 45.93 degrees latitude, and -113.723 degrees longitude 
to an upper point located at 46.03 degrees latitude, and -113.778 
degrees longitude. Meadow Creek from a lower point located at 45.908 
degrees latitude, and -113.78 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 45.798 degrees latitude, and -113.782 degrees longitude. 
Moose Creek from a lower point located at 45.922 degrees latitude, and 
-113.727 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.01 degrees 
latitude, and -113.708 degrees longitude. Reynolds Creek from a lower 
point located at 45.947 degrees latitude, and -113.717 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 45.957 degrees latitude, and -
113.646 degrees longitude. Sign Creek from a lower point located at 
45.97 degrees latitude, and -113.711 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 45.993 degrees latitude, and -113.678 degrees 
longitude. Swift Creek from a lower point located at 45.891 degrees 
latitude, and -113.776 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.874 degrees latitude, and -113.753 degrees longitude.
    (I) Fault Creek from a lower point located at 45.76 degrees 
latitude, and -114.108 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.724 degrees latitude, and -114.081 degrees longitude. Fire Creek 
from a lower point located at 45.791 degrees latitude, and -114.065 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.788 degrees latitude, 
and -114.038 degrees longitude. Porcupine Creek from a lower point 
located at 45.756 degrees latitude, and -114.056 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 45.723 degrees latitude, and -114.003 degrees 
longitude. Prayer Creek from a lower point located at 45.756 degrees 
latitude, and -114.055 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.726 degrees latitude, and -114.026 degrees longitude. Warm Springs 
Creek from a lower point located at 45.86 degrees latitude, and -
114.025 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.726 degrees 
latitude, and -114.057 degrees longitude. Wiles Creek from a lower 
point located at 45.766 degrees latitude, and -114.075 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 45.726 degrees latitude, and -
114.142 degrees longitude.
    (x) Critical Habitat Subunit--Blackfoot River.
    (A) Blackfoot River from a lower point located at 46.87 degrees 
latitude, and -113.889 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.011 degrees latitude, and -112.476 degrees longitude.
    (B) Daisy Creek from a lower point located at 47.02 degrees 
latitude, and -113.772 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.055 degrees latitude, and -113.822 degrees longitude. Gold Creek 
from a lower point located at 46.919 degrees latitude, and -113.676 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 47.058 degrees latitude, 
and -113.743 degrees longitude. Gold Creek, West Fork from a lower 
point located at 46.996 degrees latitude, and -113.685 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 47.032 degrees latitude, and -
113.827 degrees longitude.
    (C) Belmont Creek from a lower point located at 46.954 degrees 
latitude, and -113.569 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.061 degrees latitude, and -113.681 degrees longitude.
    (D) Cottonwood Creek from a lower point located at 47.025 degrees 
latitude, and -113.281 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.161 degrees latitude, and -113.345 degrees longitude.
    (E) Dunham Creek from a lower point located at 47.103 degrees 
latitude, and -113.155 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.238 degrees latitude, and -113.316 degrees longitude. Lodgepole 
Creek from a lower point located at 47.183 degrees latitude, and -
113.202 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 47.229 degrees 
latitude, and -113.27 degrees longitude. Monture Creek from a lower 
point located at 47.02 degrees latitude, and -113.235 degrees longitude 
to an upper point located at 47.301 degrees latitude, and -113.249 
degrees longitude.
    (F) Blackfoot River, North Fork from a lower point located at 
46.985 degrees latitude, and -113.129 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 47.197 degrees latitude, and -112.886 degrees 
longitude.
    (G) Copper Creek from a lower point located at 47.007 degrees 
latitude, and -112.555 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.06 degrees latitude, and -112.752 degrees longitude. Landers Fork 
from a lower point located at 46.965 degrees latitude, and -112.562 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 47.099 degrees latitude, 
and -112.566 degrees longitude.
    (xi) Critical Habitat Subunit--Clearwater River and Lake Chain.
    (A) Salmon Lake centered at 47.091 degrees latitude, and -113.4 
degrees longitude.
    (B) Clearwater River from a lower point located at 47.107 degrees 
latitude, and -113.427 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.39 degrees latitude, and -113.561 degrees longitude.
    (C) Finley Creek from a lower point located at 47.125 degrees 
latitude, and -113.56 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.12 degrees latitude, and -113.649 degrees longitude. Owl Creek from 
a lower point located at 47.115 degrees latitude, and -113.441 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 47.115 degrees latitude, and -
113.502 degrees longitude. Placid Creek from a lower point located at 
47.116 degrees latitude, and -113.541 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 47.187 degrees latitude, and -113.692 degrees 
longitude. Placid Lake centered at 47.119 degrees latitude, and -
113.524 degrees longitude.
    (D) Morrell Creek from a lower point located at 47.141 degrees 
latitude, and -113.46 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.342 degrees latitude, and -113.471 degrees longitude.
    (E) Deer Creek from a lower point located at 47.208 degrees 
latitude, and -113.529 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.249 degrees latitude, and -113.688 degrees longitude. Seeley Lake 
centered at 47.194 degrees latitude, and -113.509 degrees longitude.


[[Page 71327]]


    (F) Clearwater RIver, West Fork from a lower point located at 
47.256 degrees latitude, and -113.55 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 47.287 degrees latitude, and -113.744 degrees 
longitude.
    (G) Clearwater Lake centered at 47.386 degrees latitude, and -
113.559 degrees longitude. Lake Alva centered at 47.314 degrees 
latitude, and -113.582 degrees longitude. Lake Inez centered at 47.282 
degrees latitude, and -113.566 degrees longitude. Rainy Lake centered 
at 47.339 degrees latitude, and -113.594 degrees longitude.
    (H) Clearwater River, East Fork from a lower point located at 
47.352 degrees latitude, and -113.581 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 47.343 degrees latitude, and -113.495 degrees 
longitude. Colt Creek from a lower point located at 47.328 degrees 
latitude, and -113.589 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.361 degrees latitude, and -113.658 degrees longitude.
    (xii) Critical Habitat Subunit--Rock Creek.
    (A) Rock Creek from a lower point located at 46.725 degrees 
latitude, and -113.682 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.223 degrees latitude, and -113.521 degrees longitude.
    (B) Gilbert Creek from a lower point located at 46.682 degrees 
latitude, and -113.666 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.648 degrees latitude, and -113.818 degrees longitude.
    (C) Brewster Creek from a lower point located at 46.612 degrees 
latitude, and -113.653 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.582 degrees latitude, and -113.587 degrees longitude.
    (D) Ranch Creek from a lower point located at 46.583 degrees 
latitude, and -113.678 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.468 degrees latitude, and -113.577 degrees longitude.
    (E) Welcome Creek from a lower point located at 46.566 degrees 
latitude, and -113.7 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.613 degrees latitude, and -113.806 degrees longitude.
    (F) Butte Cabin Creek from a lower point located at 46.52 degrees 
latitude, and -113.767 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.482 degrees latitude, and -113.684 degrees longitude.
    (G) Wahlquist Creek from a lower point located at 46.501 degrees 
latitude, and -113.776 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.531 degrees latitude, and -113.843 degrees longitude.
    (H) Cougar Creek from a lower point located at 46.455 degrees 
latitude, and -113.768 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.47 degrees latitude, and -113.675 degrees longitude.
    (I) Hogback Creek from a lower point located at 46.41 degrees 
latitude, and -113.702 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.44 degrees latitude, and -113.625 degrees longitude.
    (J) Wyman Creek from a lower point located at 46.396 degrees 
latitude, and -113.688 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.308 degrees latitude, and -113.771 degrees longitude.
    (K) Stony Creek from a lower point located at 46.348 degrees 
latitude, and -113.603 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.283 degrees latitude, and -113.771 degrees longitude.
    (L) Beaver Creek from a lower point located at 46.472 degrees 
latitude, and -113.493 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.468 degrees latitude, and -113.555 degrees longitude. Upper Willow 
Creek from a lower point located at 46.331 degrees latitude, and -
113.542 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.566 degrees 
latitude, and -113.522 degrees longitude.
    (M) Bowles Creek from a lower point located at 46.192 degrees 
latitude, and -113.747 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.207 degrees latitude, and -113.812 degrees longitude. Rock Creek, 
North Fork from a lower point located at 46.212 degrees latitude, and -
113.696 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.244 degrees 
latitude, and -113.772 degrees longitude. Rock Creek, West Fork from a 
lower point located at 46.223 degrees latitude, and -113.521 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 46.144 degrees latitude, and -
113.721 degrees longitude. Sand Basin Creek from a lower point located 
at 46.197 degrees latitude, and -113.703 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 46.151 degrees latitude, and -113.712 degrees 
longitude.
    (N) Moose Meadow Creek from a lower point located at 46.139 degrees 
latitude, and -113.591 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.078 degrees latitude, and -113.635 degrees longitude. Rock Creek, 
Ross Fork from a lower point located at 46.224 degrees latitude, and -
113.525 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.034 degrees 
latitude, and -113.779 degrees longitude. Rock Creek, Ross Fork, South 
Fork from a lower point located at 46.113 degrees latitude, and -113.66 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.038 degrees latitude, 
and -113.698 degrees longitude.
    (O) East Fork Reservoir centered at 46.118 degrees latitude, and -
113.374 degrees longitude. Meadow Creek from a lower point located at 
46.157 degrees latitude, and -113.439 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 46.092 degrees latitude, and -113.443 degrees 
longitude. Rock Creek, East Fork from a lower point located at 46.2 
degrees latitude, and -113.499 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 46.021 degrees latitude, and -113.319 degrees longitude.
    (P) Carpp Creek from a lower point located at 46.032 degrees 
latitude, and -113.524 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.985 degrees latitude, and -113.446 degrees longitude. Copper Creek 
from a lower point located at 46.068 degrees latitude, and -113.538 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.949 degrees latitude, 
and -113.569 degrees longitude. Green Canyon Creek from a lower point 
located at 46.05 degrees latitude, and -113.578 degrees longitude to an 
upper point located at 46.065 degrees latitude, and -113.646 degrees 
longitude. Lutz Creek from a lower point located at 46.031 degrees 
latitude, and -113.61 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.051 degrees latitude, and -113.655 degrees longitude. Meyers Creek 
from a lower point located at 46.052 degrees latitude, and -113.537 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.988 degrees latitude, 
and -113.57 degrees longitude. Rock Creek, Middle Fork from a lower 
point located at 46.223 degrees latitude, and -113.521 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 45.949 degrees latitude, and -
113.523 degrees longitude.


    Note: Maps follow for Unit 2, Subunits i-xii.


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[[Continued on page 71335]]


From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
]                         
 
[[pp. 71335-71384]] Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Proposed 
Designation of Critical Habitat for the Klamath River and Columbia 
River Distinct Population Segments of Bull Trout


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    (7) Unit 3--Kootenai River Basin.
    (i) Critical Habitat Subunit--Kootenai River and Bull Lake.
    (A) Kootenai River from a lower point located at 49 degrees 
latitude, and -116.503 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.411 degrees latitude, and -115.314 degrees longitude.
    (B) Callahan Creek from a lower point located at 48.435 degrees 
latitude, and -116.012 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.458 degrees latitude, and -115.881 degrees longitude. Callahan 
Creek, North Fork from a lower point located at 48.435 degrees 
latitude, and -116.012 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.506 degrees latitude, and -116.191 degrees longitude. Callahan 
Creek, South Fork from a lower point located at 48.435 degrees 
latitude, and -116.012 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.434 degrees latitude, and -116.168 degrees longitude. Goat Creek 
from a lower point located at 48.435 degrees latitude, and -116 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 48.381 degrees latitude, and -
116.038 degrees longitude. July Creek from a lower point located at 
48.435 degrees latitude, and -115.916 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 48.423 degrees latitude, and -115.919 degrees 
longitude.
    (C) O'Brien Creek from a lower point located at 48.448 degrees 
latitude, and -115.866 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.557 degrees latitude, and -115.862 degrees longitude.
    (D) Quartz Creek from a lower point located at 48.438 degrees 
latitude, and -115.638 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.573 degrees latitude, and -115.689 degrees longitude. Quartz Creek, 
West Fork from a lower point located at 48.479 degrees latitude, and -
115.653 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 48.523 degrees 
latitude, and -115.749 degrees longitude.
    (E) Pipe Creek from a lower point located at 48.424 degrees 
latitude, and -115.606 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.674 degrees latitude, and -115.647 degrees longitude. Pipe Creek, 
East Fork from a lower point located at 48.616 degrees latitude, and -
115.618 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 48.692 degrees 
latitude, and -115.593 degrees longitude.
    (F) Bear Creek from a lower point located at 48.184 degrees 
latitude, and -115.507 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.162 degrees latitude, and -115.653 degrees longitude. Libby Creek 
from a lower point located at 48.393 degrees latitude, and -115.537 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 48.112 degrees latitude, 
and -115.552 degrees longitude. Poorman Creek from a lower point 
located at 48.149 degrees latitude, and -115.526 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 48.123 degrees latitude, and -115.631 degrees 
longitude. Ramsey Creek from a lower point located at 48.139 degrees 
latitude, and -115.534 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.091 degrees latitude, and -115.617 degrees longitude.
    (G) Fisher River from a lower point located at 48.366 degrees 
latitude, and -115.323 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.07 degrees latitude, and -115.374 degrees longitude. West Fisher 
Creek from a lower point located at 48.07 degrees latitude, and -
115.374 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 48.05 degrees 
latitude, and -115.594 degrees longitude.
    (H) Bull Lake centered at 48.236 degrees latitude, and -115.844 
degrees longitude. Keeler Creek from a lower point located at 48.36 
degrees latitude, and -115.851 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 48.331 degrees latitude, and -116.006 degrees longitude. 
Keeler Creek, North Fork from a lower point located at 48.342 degrees 
latitude, and -115.896 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.364 degrees latitude, and -116.015 degrees longitude. Lake Creek 
from a lower point located at 48.36 degrees latitude, and -115.851 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 48.283 degrees latitude, 
and -115.858 degrees longitude.
    (ii) Critical Habitat Subunit--Lake Koocanusa and Sophie Lake.
    (A) Lake Koocanusa centered at 48.593 degrees latitude, and -
115.231 degrees longitude.
    (B) Blue Sky Creek from a lower point located at 48.895 degrees 
latitude, and -114.775 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.887 degrees latitude, and -114.751 degrees longitude. Clarence Creek 
from a lower point located at 48.889 degrees latitude, and -114.798 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 48.936 degrees latitude, 
and -114.85 degrees longitude. Grave Creek from a lower point located 
at 48.798 degrees latitude, and -114.952 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 48.927 degrees latitude, and -114.75 degrees 
longitude. Tobacco River from a lower point located at 48.897 degrees 
latitude, and -115.126 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.798 degrees latitude, and -114.952 degrees longitude.
    (C) Wigwam River from a lower point located at 49 degrees latitude, 
and -114.801 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 48.953 
degrees latitude, and -114.927 degrees longitude.
    (D) Phillips Creek from a lower point located at 48.971 degrees 
latitude, and -115.104 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
49 degrees latitude, and -115.062 degrees longitude. Sophie Lake 
centered at 48.964 degrees latitude, and -115.115 degrees longitude.


    Note: Map follows for Unit 3.


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    (8) Unit 4--Willamette River Basin.
    (i) Willamette River from a lower point located at 44.126 degrees 
latitude, and -123.106 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.023 degrees latitude, and -123.017 degrees longitude.
    (ii) Anderson Creek from a lower point located at 44.262 degrees 
latitude, and -122.045 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.276 degrees latitude, and -122.022 degrees longitude. Blue River 
from a lower point located at 44.153 degrees latitude, and -122.342 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.172 degrees latitude, 
and -122.328 degrees longitude. Cougar Reservoir centered at 44.101 
degrees latitude, and -122.229 degrees longitude. Deer Creek from a 
lower point located at 44.241 degrees latitude, and -122.056 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.274 degrees latitude, and -
122.082 degrees longitude. Horse Creek from a lower point located at 
44.17 degrees latitude, and -122.174 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.125 degrees latitude, and -122.036 degrees 
longitude. Lost Creek from a lower point located at 44.19 degrees 
latitude, and -122.066 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.162 degrees latitude, and -122.022 degrees longitude. McKenzie River 
from a lower point located at 44.126 degrees latitude, and -123.106 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.309 degrees latitude, 
and -122.028 degrees longitude. Olallie Creek from a lower point 
located at 44.257 degrees latitude, and -122.041 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 44.273 degrees latitude, and -122.011 degrees 
longitude. Roaring River from a lower point located at 43.956 degrees 
latitude, and -122.09 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
43.922 degrees latitude, and -122.06 degrees longitude. Separation 
Creek from a lower point located at 44.125 degrees latitude, and -
122.036 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.125 degrees 
latitude, and -122 degrees longitude. South Fork McKenzie River from a 
lower point located at 44.159 degrees latitude, and -122.295 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 43.953 degrees latitude, and -
122.017 degrees longitude. Sweetwater Creek from a lower point located 
at 44.279 degrees latitude, and -122.044 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.283 degrees latitude, and -122.023 degrees 
longitude. Trail Bridge Reservoir centered at 44.277 degrees latitude, 
and -122.047 degrees longitude. West Fork Horse Creek from a lower 
point located at 44.172 degrees latitude, and -122.206 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.17 degrees latitude, and -
122.174 degrees longitude.
    (iii) Bear Creek from a lower point located at 43.544 degrees 
latitude, and -122.242 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
43.554 degrees latitude, and -122.207 degrees longitude. Dexter 
Reservoir centered at 43.915 degrees latitude, and -122.788 degrees 
longitude. Hills Creek Lake (reservoir) centered at 43.672 degrees 
latitude, and -122.426 degrees longitude. Lookout Point Lake 
(reservoir) centered at 43.872 degrees latitude, and -122.681 degrees 
longitude. Middle Fork Willamette River from a lower point located at 
44.023 degrees latitude, and -123.017 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 43.481 degrees latitude, and -122.254 degrees 
longitude. Swift Creek from a lower point located at 43.502 degrees 
latitude, and -122.299 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
43.56 degrees latitude, and -122.162 degrees longitude.


    Note: Map follows for Unit 4.




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    (9) Unit 5--Hood River Basin.
    (i) Hood River from a lower point located at 45.721 degrees 
latitude, and -121.506 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.575 degrees latitude, and -121.626 degrees longitude.
    (ii) West Fork Hood River from a lower point located at 45.605 
degrees latitude, and -121.632 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 45.456 degrees latitude, and -121.781 degrees longitude.
    (iii) Divers Creek from a lower point located at 45.544 degrees 
latitude, and -121.736 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.573 degrees latitude, and -121.787 degrees longitude. Lake Branch 
Hood River from a lower point located at 45.549 degrees latitude, and -
121.699 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.539 degrees 
latitude, and -121.742 degrees longitude. Laurel Creek from a lower 
point located at 45.539 degrees latitude, and -121.742 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 45.513 degrees latitude, and -
121.788 degrees longitude.
    (iv) Elk Creek from a lower point located at 45.456 degrees 
latitude, and -121.781 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.405 degrees latitude, and -121.772 degrees longitude. Red Hill Creek 
from a lower point located at 45.483 degrees latitude, and -121.769 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.453 degrees latitude, 
and -121.734 degrees longitude.
    (v) East Fork Hood River from a lower point located at 45.575 
degrees latitude, and -121.626 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 45.338 degrees latitude, and -121.671 degrees longitude. 
Evans Creek from a lower point located at 45.522 degrees latitude, and 
-121.576 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.425 degrees 
latitude, and -121.642 degrees longitude. Griswell Creek from a lower 
point located at 45.529 degrees latitude, and -121.577 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 45.522 degrees latitude, and -
121.576 degrees longitude.
    (vi) Bear Creek from a lower point located at 45.499 degrees 
latitude, and -121.629 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.494 degrees latitude, and -121.642 degrees longitude. Coe Branch 
from a lower point located at 45.463 degrees latitude, and -121.645 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.434 degrees latitude, 
and -121.667 degrees longitude. Compass Creek from a lower point 
located at 45.434 degrees latitude, and -121.667 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 45.401 degrees latitude, and -121.681 degrees 
longitude. Elliot Creek from a lower point located at 45.464 degrees 
latitude, and -121.639 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.453 degrees latitude, and -121.637 degrees longitude. Middle Fork 
Hood River from a lower point located at 45.575 degrees latitude, and -
121.626 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.463 degrees 
latitude, and -121.645 degrees longitude.
    (vii) Clear Branch from a lower point located at 45.463 degrees 
latitude, and -121.645 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.432 degrees latitude, and -121.711 degrees longitude. Laurance Lake 
centered at 45.46 degrees latitude, and -121.664 degrees longitude. 
Pinnacle Creek from a lower point located at 45.458 degrees latitude, 
and -121.66 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.438 
degrees latitude, and -121.683 degrees longitude.


    Note: Map follows for Unit 5.




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    (10) Unit 6--Deschutes River Basin.
    (i) Critical Habitat Subunit--Lower Deschutes.
    (A) Deschutes River from a lower point located at 45.639 degrees 
latitude, and -120.914 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.373 degrees latitude, and -121.291 degrees longitude. Lake Billy 
Chinook centered at 44.597 degrees latitude, and -121.285 degrees 
longitude. Lake Simtustus centered at 44.656 degrees latitude, and -
121.259 degrees longitude. Pelton Reservoir centered at 44.714 degrees 
latitude, and -121.241 degrees longitude.
    (B) Bunchgrass Creek from a lower point located at 44.982 degrees 
latitude, and -121.629 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.058 degrees latitude, and -121.673 degrees longitude. Warm Springs 
River 1 from a lower point located at 44.997 degrees latitude, and -
121.067 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.942 degrees 
latitude, and -121.43 degrees longitude. Warm Springs River 2 from a 
lower point located at 44.97 degrees latitude, and -121.477 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.97 degrees latitude, and -
121.584 degrees longitude. Warm Springs River 3 from a lower point 
located at 44.991 degrees latitude, and -121.667 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 44.993 degrees latitude, and -121.68 degrees 
longitude. Warm Springs River 4 from a lower point located at 44.997 
degrees latitude, and -121.715 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 45.003 degrees latitude, and -121.74 degrees longitude.
    (C) Shitike Creek from a lower point located at 44.762 degrees 
latitude, and -121.227 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.727 degrees latitude, and -121.786 degrees longitude.
    (D) Crooked River from a lower point located at 44.501 degrees 
latitude, and -121.285 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.31 degrees latitude, and -120.868 degrees longitude.
    (E) Metolius River from a lower point located at 44.619 degrees 
latitude, and -121.468 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.434 degrees latitude, and -121.637 degrees longitude.
    (F) Whitewater River from a lower point located at 44.67 degrees 
latitude, and -121.545 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.704 degrees latitude, and -121.727 degrees longitude.
    (G) Abbot Creek from a lower point located at 44.57 degrees 
latitude, and -121.619 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.544 degrees latitude, and -121.67 degrees longitude. Candle Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.576 degrees latitude, and -121.618 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.583 degrees latitude, 
and -121.677 degrees longitude. Jefferson Creek from a lower point 
located at 44.577 degrees latitude, and -121.619 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 44.64 degrees latitude, and -121.734 degrees 
longitude. Unnamed creek--off Jefferson Creek from a lower point 
located at 44.626 degrees latitude, and -121.69 degrees longitude to an 
upper point located at 44.634 degrees latitude, and -121.698 degrees 
longitude.
    (H) Brush Creek from a lower point located at 44.504 degrees 
latitude, and -121.658 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.544 degrees latitude, and -121.706 degrees longitude. Canyon Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.501 degrees latitude, and -121.642 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.503 degrees latitude, 
and -121.741 degrees longitude. Heising Spring from a lower point 
located at 44.494 degrees latitude, and -121.648 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 44.491 degrees latitude, and -121.651 degrees 
longitude. Jack Creek from a lower point located at 44.493 degrees 
latitude, and -121.647 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.472 degrees latitude, and -121.725 degrees longitude. Roaring Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.508 degrees latitude, and -121.686 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.527 degrees latitude, 
and -121.708 degrees longitude. Unnamed creek off Canyon Creek from a 
lower point located at 44.505 degrees latitude, and -121.657 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.527 degrees latitude, and -
121.678 degrees longitude.
    (I) Blue Lake centered at 44.413 degrees latitude, and -121.768 
degrees longitude. Lake Creek from a lower point located at 44.436 
degrees latitude, and -121.702 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 44.426 degrees latitude, and -121.726 degrees longitude. 
Link Creek from a lower point located at 44.419 degrees latitude, and -
121.754 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.415 degrees 
latitude, and -121.764 degrees longitude. Middle Fork Lake Creek from a 
lower point located at 44.453 degrees latitude, and -121.642 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.436 degrees latitude, and -
121.702 degrees longitude. North Fork Lake Creek from a lower point 
located at 44.457 degrees latitude, and -121.642 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 44.436 degrees latitude, and -121.702 degrees 
longitude. South Fork Lake Creek from a lower point located at 44.442 
degrees latitude, and -121.661 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 44.436 degrees latitude, and -121.704 degrees longitude. 
Suttle Lake centered at 44.422 degrees latitude, and -121.74 degrees 
longitude.
    (J) Squaw Creek from a lower point located at 44.46 degrees 
latitude, and -121.335 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.445 degrees latitude, and -121.346 degrees longitude.
    (ii) Critical Habitat Subunit--Upper Deschutes.
    (A) Big Marsh Creek from a lower point located at 43.483 degrees 
latitude, and -121.907 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
43.318 degrees latitude, and -121.993 degrees longitude. Crane Prairie 
Reservoir centered at 43.786 degrees latitude, and -121.8 degrees 
longitude. Crescent Creek from a lower point located at 43.529 degrees 
latitude, and -121.651 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
43.501 degrees latitude, and -121.972 degrees longitude. Crescent Lake 
centered at 43.478 degrees latitude, and -121.989 degrees longitude. 
Deschutes River from a lower point located at 43.742 degrees latitude, 
and -121.779 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 43.901 
degrees latitude, and -121.76 degrees longitude. Lava Lake centered at 
43.921 degrees latitude, and -121.772 degrees longitude. Little 
Deschutes River from a lower point located at 43.529 degrees latitude, 
and -121.651 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 43.301 
degrees latitude, and -121.994 degrees longitude. Little Lava Lake 
centered at 43.91 degrees latitude, and -121.757 degrees longitude. 
Wickiup Reservoir centered at 43.679 degrees latitude, and -121.732 
degrees longitude.
    (B) Cold Creek from a lower point located at 43.521 degrees 
latitude, and -121.951 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
43.515 degrees latitude, and -122 degrees longitude. Refrigerator Creek 
from a lower point located at 43.452 degrees latitude, and -121.935 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 43.419 degrees latitude, 
and -121.989 degrees longitude. Whitefish Creek from a lower point 
located at 43.468 degrees latitude, and -122.031 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 43.527 degrees latitude, and -122.07 degrees 
longitude.
    (C) Fall River from a lower point located at 43.768 degrees 
latitude, and -121.632 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
43.788 degrees latitude, and -121.514 degrees longitude. Hemlock Creek 
from a lower point located at 43.365 degrees latitude, and -121.825 
degrees longitude to an upper


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point located at 43.334 degrees latitude, and -121.917 degrees 
longitude. Spruce Creek from a lower point located at 43.352 degrees 
latitude, and -121.857 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
43.369 degrees latitude, and -121.922 degrees longitude.
    (D) Browns Creek from a lower point located at 43.721 degrees 
latitude, and -121.791 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
43.727 degrees latitude, and -121.954 degrees longitude. Cultus River 
from a lower point located at 43.809 degrees latitude, and -121.796 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 43.899 degrees latitude, 
and -121.858 degrees longitude. Quinn River from a lower point located 
at 43.784 degrees latitude, and -121.835 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 43.782 degrees latitude, and -121.836 degrees 
longitude. Snow Creek from a lower point located at 43.814 degrees 
latitude, and -121.776 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
43.879 degrees latitude, and -121.767 degrees longitude.
    (11) Unit 7--Odell Lake.
    (i) Odell Lake centered at 43.572 degrees latitude, and -122 
degrees longitude.
    (ii) Trapper Creek from a lower point located at 43.585 degrees 
latitude, and -122.046 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
43.537 degrees latitude, and -122.075 degrees longitude.
    (iii) Crystal Creek from a lower point located at 43.572 degrees 
latitude, and -122.021 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
43.566 degrees latitude, and -122.05 degrees longitude.
    (iv) Odell Creek from a lower point located at 43.591 degrees 
latitude, and -121.853 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
43.55 degrees latitude, and -121.963 degrees longitude.
    (v) Davis Lake centered at 43.616 degrees latitude, and -121.843 
degrees longitude.


    Note: Maps follow for Unit 6, Subunit i; and for Unit 6, Subunit 
ii and Unit 7.


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    (12) Unit 8--John Day River Basin.
    (i) Call Creek from a lower point located at 44.32 degrees 
latitude, and -118.556 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.286 degrees latitude, and -118.506 degrees longitude. Canyon Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.423 degrees latitude, and -118.958 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.27 degrees latitude, 
and -118.731 degrees longitude. Deardorff Creek from a lower point 
located at 44.395 degrees latitude, and -118.576 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 44.383 degrees latitude, and -118.422 degrees 
longitude. Indian Creek from a lower point located at 44.443 degrees 
latitude, and -118.799 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.295 degrees latitude, and -118.735 degrees longitude. John Day River 
from a lower point located at 44.755 degrees latitude, and -119.638 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.25 degrees latitude, 
and -118.526 degrees longitude. North Reynolds Creek from a lower point 
located at 44.423 degrees latitude, and -118.516 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 44.43 degrees latitude, and -118.424 degrees 
longitude. Pine Creek from a lower point located at 44.438 degrees 
latitude, and -118.826 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.315 degrees latitude, and -118.797 degrees longitude. Rail Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.349 degrees latitude, and -118.573 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.297 degrees latitude, 
and -118.489 degrees longitude. Reynolds Creek from a lower point 
located at 44.414 degrees latitude, and -118.595 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 44.405 degrees latitude, and -118.439 degrees 
longitude. Roberts Creek from a lower point located at 44.348 degrees 
latitude, and -118.574 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.276 degrees latitude, and -118.574 degrees longitude. Strawberry 
Creek from a lower point located at 44.459 degrees latitude, and -118.7 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.293 degrees latitude, 
and -118.699 degrees longitude.
    (ii) Baldy Creek from a lower point located at 44.91 degrees 
latitude, and -118.317 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.85 degrees latitude, and -118.304 degrees longitude. Big Creek from 
a lower point located at 44.961 degrees latitude, and -118.682 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.977 degrees latitude, and -
118.671 degrees longitude. Boulder Creek from a lower point located at 
44.82 degrees latitude, and -118.414 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.841 degrees latitude, and -118.332 degrees 
longitude. Boundary Creek from a lower point located at 44.787 degrees 
latitude, and -118.374 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.811 degrees latitude, and -118.342 degrees longitude. Bull Run Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.808 degrees latitude, and -118.424 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.768 degrees latitude, 
and -118.29 degrees longitude. Clear Creek from a lower point located 
at 44.821 degrees latitude, and -118.449 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.758 degrees latitude, and -118.509 degrees 
longitude. Crane Creek from a lower point located at 44.894 degrees 
latitude, and -118.477 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.869 degrees latitude, and -118.329 degrees longitude. Crawfish Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.915 degrees latitude, and -118.297 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.931 degrees latitude, 
and -118.233 degrees longitude. Cunningham Creek from a lower point 
located at 44.911 degrees latitude, and -118.266 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 44.92 degrees latitude, and -118.234 degrees 
longitude. Deep Creek from a lower point located at 44.78 degrees 
latitude, and -118.347 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.815 degrees latitude, and -118.305 degrees longitude. Desolation 
Creek from a lower point located at 44.998 degrees latitude, and -
118.935 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.82 degrees 
latitude, and -118.688 degrees longitude. East Fork Meadow Brook from a 
lower point located at 44.969 degrees latitude, and -118.965 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.863 degrees latitude, and -
118.823 degrees longitude. Granite Creek from a lower point located at 
44.866 degrees latitude, and -118.56 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.857 degrees latitude, and -118.342 degrees 
longitude. Lightning Creek from a lower point located at 44.765 degrees 
latitude, and -118.496 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.718 degrees latitude, and -118.493 degrees longitude. North Fork 
Desolation Creek from a lower point located at 44.82 degrees latitude, 
and -118.688 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.773 
degrees latitude, and -118.625 degrees longitude. North Fork John Day 
River from a lower point located at 44.755 degrees latitude, and -
119.638 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.867 degrees 
latitude, and -118.238 degrees longitude. Onion Creek from a lower 
point located at 44.913 degrees latitude, and -118.4 degrees longitude 
to an upper point located at 44.889 degrees latitude, and -118.338 
degrees longitude. Salmon Creek from a lower point located at 44.725 
degrees latitude, and -118.502 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 44.717 degrees latitude, and -118.541 degrees longitude. 
South Fork Desolation Creek from a lower point located at 44.82 degrees 
latitude, and -118.688 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.719 degrees latitude, and -118.621 degrees longitude. South Trail 
Creek from a lower point located at 44.937 degrees latitude, and -
118.389 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.953 degrees 
latitude, and -118.272 degrees longitude. Trail Creek from a lower 
point located at 44.916 degrees latitude, and -118.405 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.937 degrees latitude, and -
118.389 degrees longitude. West Fork Clear Creek from a lower point 
located at 44.758 degrees latitude, and -118.509 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 44.733 degrees latitude, and -118.583 degrees 
longitude. West Fork Meadow Brook from a lower point located at 44.969 
degrees latitude, and -118.965 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 44.998 degrees latitude, and -118.944 degrees longitude. 
Winom Creek from a lower point located at 44.977 degrees latitude, and 
-118.671 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.05 degrees 
latitude, and -118.61 degrees longitude.
    (iii) Big Boulder Creek from a lower point located at 44.666 
degrees latitude, and -118.715 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 44.749 degrees latitude, and -118.682 degrees longitude. Big 
Creek from a lower point located at 44.766 degrees latitude, and -
118.873 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.765 degrees 
latitude, and -118.685 degrees longitude. Butte Creek from a lower 
point located at 44.642 degrees latitude, and -118.651 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.586 degrees latitude, and -
118.643 degrees longitude. Clear Creek from a lower point located at 
44.594 degrees latitude, and -118.507 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.447 degrees latitude, and -118.43 degrees 
longitude. Davis Creek from a lower point located at 44.607 degrees 
latitude, and -118.544 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.57 degrees latitude, and -118.621 degrees longitude. Deadwood Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.768 degrees latitude, and -118.792 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.75 degrees latitude, 
and -118.718


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degrees longitude. Granite Boulder Creek from a lower point located at 
44.648 degrees latitude, and -118.664 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.726 degrees latitude, and -118.61 degrees 
longitude. Indian Creek from a lower point located at 44.798 degrees 
latitude, and -118.91 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.802 degrees latitude, and -118.746 degrees longitude. Middle Fork 
John Day River from a lower point located at 44.917 degrees latitude, 
and -119.3 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.585 
degrees latitude, and -118.429 degrees longitude. Vinegar Creek from a 
lower point located at 44.601 degrees latitude, and -118.535 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.707 degrees latitude, and -
118.549 degrees longitude.
    (iv) Dry Creek from a lower point located at 45.119 degrees 
latitude, and -118.835 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.057 degrees latitude, and -118.802 degrees longitude.
    (v) Cable Creek from a lower point located at 45.158 degrees 
latitude, and -118.841 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.083 degrees latitude, and -118.758 degrees longitude. Hidaway Creek 
from a lower point located at 45.166 degrees latitude, and -118.791 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.067 degrees latitude, 
and -118.569 degrees longitude.


    Note: Map follows for Unit 8.


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    (13) Unit 9--Umatilla-Walla Walla River Basins.
    (i) Critical Habitat Subunit--Umatilla.
    (A) Ryan Creek from a lower point located at 45.723 degrees 
latitude, and -118.314 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.694 degrees latitude, and -118.308 degrees longitude. Squaw Creek 
from a lower point located at 45.7 degrees latitude, and -118.4 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 45.655 degrees latitude, and -
118.401 degrees longitude. Umatilla River from a lower point located at 
45.923 degrees latitude, and -119.356 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 45.726 degrees latitude, and -118.187 degrees 
longitude.
    (B) East Meacham Creek from a lower point located at 45.486 degrees 
latitude, and -118.273 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.479 degrees latitude, and -118.231 degrees longitude. Meacham Creek 
from a lower point located at 45.702 degrees latitude, and -118.359 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.491 degrees latitude, 
and -118.326 degrees longitude. North Fork Meacham Creek from a lower 
point located at 45.527 degrees latitude, and -118.29 degrees longitude 
to an upper point located at 45.571 degrees latitude, and -118.138 
degrees longitude. Pot Creek from a lower point located at 45.554 
degrees latitude, and -118.2 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 45.523 degrees latitude, and -118.162 degrees longitude.
    (C) Coyote Creek from a lower point located at 45.732 degrees 
latitude, and -118.138 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.746 degrees latitude, and -118.136 degrees longitude. North Fork 
Umatilla River from a lower point located at 45.726 degrees latitude, 
and -118.187 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.705 
degrees latitude, and -118.033 degrees longitude. Woodward Creek from a 
lower point located at 45.736 degrees latitude, and -118.079 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 45.75 degrees latitude, and -
118.075 degrees longitude.
    (D) Buck Creek from a lower point located at 45.719 degrees 
latitude, and -118.188 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.686 degrees latitude, and -118.087 degrees longitude. Shimmiehorn 
Creek from a lower point located at 45.675 degrees latitude, and -
118.218 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.598 degrees 
latitude, and -118.186 degrees longitude. South Fork Umatilla River 
from a lower point located at 45.726 degrees latitude, and -118.187 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.598 degrees latitude, 
and -118.219 degrees longitude. Spring Creek from a lower point located 
at 45.665 degrees latitude, and -118.171 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 45.601 degrees latitude, and -118.139 degrees 
longitude. Thomas Creek from a lower point located at 45.688 degrees 
latitude, and -118.204 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.668 degrees latitude, and -118.125 degrees longitude.
    (ii) Critical Habitat Subunit--Walla Walla.
    (A) Walla Walla River from a lower point located at 46.039 degrees 
latitude, and -118.478 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.899 degrees latitude, and -118.307 degrees longitude.
    (B) North Fork Walla Walla River from a lower point located at 
45.899 degrees latitude, and -118.307 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 45.947 degrees latitude, and -117.99 degrees 
longitude.
    (C) Husky Spring Creek from a lower point located at 45.884 degrees 
latitude, and -117.977 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.889 degrees latitude, and -117.951 degrees longitude. Reser Creek 
from a lower point located at 45.876 degrees latitude, and -117.985 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.899 degrees latitude, 
and -118.017 degrees longitude. Skiphorton Creek from a lower point 
located at 45.852 degrees latitude, and -118.024 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 45.875 degrees latitude, and -118.026 degrees 
longitude. South Fork Walla Walla River from a lower point located at 
45.899 degrees latitude, and -118.307 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 45.966 degrees latitude, and -117.963 degrees 
longitude.
    (D) Bull Creek from a lower point located at 46.028 degrees 
latitude, and -117.946 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.027 degrees latitude, and -117.938 degrees longitude. Burnt Fork 
Creek from a lower point located at 46.032 degrees latitude, and -
117.952 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.044 degrees 
latitude, and -117.944 degrees longitude. Deadman Creek from a lower 
point located at 46.032 degrees latitude, and -117.955 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 46.036 degrees latitude, and -
117.952 degrees longitude. Garrison Creek from a lower point located at 
46.026 degrees latitude, and -118.433 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 46.075 degrees latitude, and -118.273 degrees 
longitude. Green Fork Creek from a lower point located at 46.029 
degrees latitude, and -117.948 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 46.031 degrees latitude, and -117.939 degrees longitude. Low 
Creek from a lower point located at 45.993 degrees latitude, and -
118.035 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.973 degrees 
latitude, and -118.009 degrees longitude. Mill Creek from a lower point 
located at 46.039 degrees latitude, and -118.478 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 46.011 degrees latitude, and -117.941 degrees 
longitude. North Fork Mill Creek from a lower point located at 46.022 
degrees latitude, and -117.995 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 46.028 degrees latitude, and -117.995 degrees longitude. 
Paradise Creek from a lower point located at 46.004 degrees latitude, 
and -118.017 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.001 
degrees latitude, and -117.99 degrees longitude. Yellowhawk Creek from 
a lower point located at 46.017 degrees latitude, and -118.4 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 46.077 degrees latitude, and -
118.272 degrees longitude.
    (E) Touchet River from a lower point located at 46.272 degrees 
latitude, and -118.174 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.302 degrees latitude, and -117.959 degrees longitude.
    (F) Lewis Creek from a lower point located at 46.191 degrees 
latitude, and -117.824 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.156 degrees latitude, and -117.771 degrees longitude. North Fork 
Touchet River from a lower point located at 46.302 degrees latitude, 
and -117.959 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.093 
degrees latitude, and -117.864 degrees longitude. Robinson Creek from a 
lower point located at 46.238 degrees latitude, and -117.895 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 46.097 degrees latitude, and -
117.903 degrees longitude. Spangler Creek from a lower point located at 
46.149 degrees latitude, and -117.806 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 46.099 degrees latitude, and -117.802 degrees 
longitude. Wolf Fork Creek from a lower point located at 46.274 degrees 
latitude, and -117.895 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.075 degrees latitude, and -117.903 degrees longitude.
    (G) Burnt Fork from a lower point located at 46.105 degrees 
latitude, and -117.985 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.087 degrees latitude, and -117.94 degrees longitude. Griffin Fork 
from a lower point located at 46.121 degrees latitude, and -117.973 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.099 degrees latitude, 
and -117.913 degrees longitude. South Fork Touchet River from a lower 
point located at 46.302 degrees latitude, and -117.959 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 46.105 degrees latitude,


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and -117.985 degrees longitude. Unnamed creek off Griffin Fork from a 
lower point located at 46.113 degrees latitude, and -117.948 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 46.12 degrees latitude, and -
117.922 degrees longitude.


    Note: Maps follow for Unit 9, Subunit i and Unit 9, Subunit ii.


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    (14) Unit 10--Grande Ronde River Basin.
    (i) Grande Ronde River from a lower point located at 46.08 degrees 
latitude, and -116.978 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.967 degrees latitude, and -118.254 degrees longitude.
    (ii) Beaver Creek from a lower point located at 45.955 degrees 
latitude, and -117.785 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.969 degrees latitude, and -117.807 degrees longitude. Butte Creek 
from a lower point located at 45.982 degrees latitude, and -117.678 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.063 degrees latitude, 
and -117.722 degrees longitude. Crooked Creek from a lower point 
located at 45.977 degrees latitude, and -117.551 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 46.046 degrees latitude, and -117.624 degrees 
longitude. First Creek from a lower point located at 46.035 degrees 
latitude, and -117.57 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.043 degrees latitude, and -117.546 degrees longitude. Milk Creek 
from a lower point located at 45.913 degrees latitude, and -117.882 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.948 degrees latitude, 
and -117.912 degrees longitude. North Fork Wenaha River from a lower 
point located at 45.951 degrees latitude, and -117.794 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 46.066 degrees latitude, and -
117.877 degrees longitude. South Fork Wenaha River from a lower point 
located at 45.951 degrees latitude, and -117.794 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 45.89 degrees latitude, and -117.905 degrees 
longitude. Third Creek from a lower point located at 46.046 degrees 
latitude, and -117.624 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.089 degrees latitude, and -117.627 degrees longitude. Wenaha River 
from a lower point located at 45.946 degrees latitude, and -117.45 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.951 degrees latitude, 
and -117.794 degrees longitude. West Fork Butte Creek from a lower 
point located at 46.063 degrees latitude, and -117.722 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 46.065 degrees latitude, and -
117.778 degrees longitude.
    (iii) Little Lookingglass Creek from a lower point located at 45.75 
degrees latitude, and -117.874 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 45.817 degrees latitude, and -117.901 degrees longitude. 
Lookingglass Creek from a lower point located at 45.707 degrees 
latitude, and -117.841 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.779 degrees latitude, and -118.078 degrees longitude. Mottet Creek 
from a lower point located at 45.767 degrees latitude, and -117.886 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.788 degrees latitude, 
and -117.942 degrees longitude. Summer Creek from a lower point located 
at 45.767 degrees latitude, and -117.982 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 45.772 degrees latitude, and -117.982 degrees 
longitude.
    (iv) Camp Creek from a lower point located at 45.387 degrees 
latitude, and -117.757 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.387 degrees latitude, and -117.744 degrees longitude. East Fork 
Indian Creek from a lower point located at 45.369 degrees latitude, and 
-117.748 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.353 degrees 
latitude, and -117.724 degrees longitude. Indian Creek from a lower 
point located at 45.534 degrees latitude, and -117.919 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 45.337 degrees latitude, and -
117.721 degrees longitude.
    (v) Catherine Creek from a lower point located at 45.408 degrees 
latitude, and -117.93 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.12 degrees latitude, and -117.646 degrees longitude. Collins Creek 
from a lower point located at 45.106 degrees latitude, and -117.542 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.097 degrees latitude, 
and -117.513 degrees longitude. Middle Fork Catherine Creek from a 
lower point located at 45.152 degrees latitude, and -117.616 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 45.154 degrees latitude, and -
117.564 degrees longitude. North Fork Catherine Creek from a lower 
point located at 45.12 degrees latitude, and -117.646 degrees longitude 
to an upper point located at 45.225 degrees latitude, and -117.604 
degrees longitude. Pole Creek from a lower point located at 45.107 
degrees latitude, and -117.559 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 45.138 degrees latitude, and -117.522 degrees longitude. 
Sand Pass Creek from a lower point located at 45.108 degrees latitude, 
and -117.551 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.129 
degrees latitude, and -117.512 degrees longitude. South Fork Catherine 
Creek from a lower point located at 45.12 degrees latitude, and -
117.646 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.112 degrees 
latitude, and -117.513 degrees longitude.
    (vi) Chicken Creek from a lower point located at 45.095 degrees 
latitude, and -118.394 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.024 degrees latitude, and -118.385 degrees longitude. Clear Creek 
from a lower point located at 45.063 degrees latitude, and -118.309 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.976 degrees latitude, 
and -118.326 degrees longitude. East Sheep Creek from a lower point 
located at 45.026 degrees latitude, and -118.474 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 44.983 degrees latitude, and 118.425 degrees 
longitude. Fiddlers Hell Creek from a lower point located at 45.428 
degrees latitude, and -118.159 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 45.431 degrees latitude, and -118.143 degrees longitude. 
Five Points Creek from a lower point located at 45.347 degrees 
latitude, and -118.221 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.481 degrees latitude, and -118.143 degrees longitude. Fly Creek from 
a lower point located at 45.21 degrees latitude, and -118.394 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 45.121 degrees latitude, and -
118.465 degrees longitude. Indiana Creek from a lower point located at 
45.024 degrees latitude, and -118.385 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 45 degrees latitude, and -118.361 degrees longitude. 
Limber Jim Creek from a lower point located at 45.089 degrees latitude, 
and -118.343 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.085 
degrees latitude, and -118.229 degrees longitude. Little Fly Creek from 
a lower point located at 45.121 degrees latitude, and -118.465 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 45.11 degrees latitude, and -
118.475 degrees longitude. Lookout Creek from a lower point located at 
45.11 degrees latitude, and -118.475 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 45.078 degrees latitude, and -118.54 degrees 
longitude. Marion Creek from a lower point located at 45.106 degrees 
latitude, and -118.266 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.097 degrees latitude, and -118.228 degrees longitude. Middle Fork 
Five Points Creek from a lower point located at 45.481 degrees 
latitude, and -118.143 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.492 degrees latitude, and -118.115 degrees longitude. Mt Emily Creek 
from a lower point located at 45.473 degrees latitude, and -118.146 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.465 degrees latitude, 
and -118.124 degrees longitude. Sheep Creek from a lower point located 
at 45.095 degrees latitude, and -118.394 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 45.016 degrees latitude, and -118.507 degrees 
longitude. Sheep Creek from a lower point located at 45.105 degrees 
latitude, and -118.381 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.095 degrees latitude, and -118.394 degrees longitude. Tie Creek from 
a lower point located at 45.423 degrees latitude, and -118.158 degrees 
longitude to an upper


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point located at 45.421 degrees latitude, and -118.148 degrees 
longitude. Unnamed creek off Clear Creek from a lower point located at 
45.013 degrees latitude, and -118.329 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.977 degrees latitude, and -118.313 degrees 
longitude.
    (vii) Wallowa River from a lower point located at 45.726 degrees 
latitude, and -117.784 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.42 degrees latitude, and -117.301 degrees longitude.
    (viii) East Fork Elk Creek from a lower point located at 45.166 
degrees latitude, and -117.469 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 45.161 degrees latitude, and -117.468 degrees longitude. Elk 
Creek from a lower point located at 45.178 degrees latitude, and -
117.459 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.16 degrees 
latitude, and -117.475 degrees longitude. Minam River from a lower 
point located at 45.621 degrees latitude, and -117.72 degrees longitude 
to an upper point located at 45.148 degrees latitude, and -117.371 
degrees longitude. North Minam River from a lower point located at 
45.273 degrees latitude, and -117.536 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 45.277 degrees latitude, and -117.511 degrees 
longitude.
    (ix) Boulder Creek from a lower point located at 45.312 degrees 
latitude, and -117.632 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.31 degrees latitude, and -117.624 degrees longitude. Dobbin Creek 
from a lower point located at 45.259 degrees latitude, and -117.653 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.221 degrees latitude, 
and -117.639 degrees longitude. Little Minam River from a lower point 
located at 45.401 degrees latitude, and -117.671 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 45.246 degrees latitude, and -117.599 degrees 
longitude.
    (x) Deer Creek from a lower point located at 45.62 degrees 
latitude, and -117.699 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.423 degrees latitude, and -117.587 degrees longitude. Sage Creek 
from a lower point located at 45.501 degrees latitude, and -117.606 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.481 degrees latitude, 
and -117.592 degrees longitude.
    (xi) Bear Creek from a lower point located at 45.584 degrees 
latitude, and -117.54 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.323 degrees latitude, and -117.48 degrees longitude. Goat Creek from 
a lower point located at 45.418 degrees latitude, and -117.537 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 45.413 degrees latitude, and -
117.517 degrees longitude. Little Bear Creek from a lower point located 
at 45.485 degrees latitude, and -117.554 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 45.428 degrees latitude, and -117.479 degrees 
longitude.
    (xii) Lake Creek from a lower point located at 45.332 degrees 
latitude, and -117.409 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.331 degrees latitude, and -117.397 degrees longitude. Lostine River 
from a lower point located at 45.552 degrees latitude, and -117.489 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.246 degrees latitude, 
and -117.374 degrees longitude. Silver Creek from a lower point located 
at 45.396 degrees latitude, and -117.427 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 45.394 degrees latitude, and -117.421 degrees 
longitude.
    (xiii) Hurricane Creek from a lower point located at 45.42 degrees 
latitude, and -117.301 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.274 degrees latitude, and -117.31 degrees longitude.


    Note: Map follows for Unit 10.


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    (15) Unit 11--Imnaha-Snake River Basins.
    (i) Critical Habitat Subunit--Snake River.
    (A) Sheep Creek from a lower point located at 45.468 degrees 
latitude, and -116.554 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.405 degrees latitude, and -116.523 degrees longitude.
    (B) Granite Creek from a lower point located at 45.349 degrees 
latitude, and -116.654 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.263 degrees latitude, and -116.611 degrees longitude.
    (ii) Critical Habitat Subunit--Imnaha River.
    (A) Bear Creek from a lower point located at 45.104 degrees 
latitude, and -117.171 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.1 degrees latitude, and -117.172 degrees longitude. Blue Creek from 
a lower point located at 45.101 degrees latitude, and -117.194 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 45.097 degrees latitude, and -
117.193 degrees longitude. Cliff Creek from a lower point located at 
45.102 degrees latitude, and -117.214 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 45.063 degrees latitude, and -117.267 degrees 
longitude. Imnaha River from a lower point located at 45.817 degrees 
latitude, and -116.764 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.113 degrees latitude, and -117.125 degrees longitude. Middle Fork 
Imnaha River from a lower point located at 45.134 degrees latitude, and 
-117.151 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.139 degrees 
latitude, and -117.166 degrees longitude. North Fork Imnaha River from 
a lower point located at 45.113 degrees latitude, and -117.125 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 45.171 degrees latitude, and -
117.2 degrees longitude. Soldier Creek from a lower point located at 
45.109 degrees latitude, and -117.151 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 45.107 degrees latitude, and -117.154 degrees 
longitude. South Fork Imnaha River from a lower point located at 45.113 
degrees latitude, and -117.125 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 45.111 degrees latitude, and -117.23 degrees longitude.
    (B) Big Sheep Creek from a lower point located at 45.557 degrees 
latitude, and -116.834 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.178 degrees latitude, and -117.119 degrees longitude. Lick Creek 
from a lower point located at 45.198 degrees latitude, and -117.024 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.147 degrees latitude, 
and -117.123 degrees longitude. Middle Fork Big Sheep Creek from a 
lower point located at 45.178 degrees latitude, and -117.119 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 45.181 degrees latitude, and -
117.157 degrees longitude. Salt Creek from a lower point located at 
45.188 degrees latitude, and -117.043 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 45.202 degrees latitude, and -117.082 degrees 
longitude.
    (C) Cabin Creek from a lower point located at 45.232 degrees 
latitude, and -117.088 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.229 degrees latitude, and -117.089 degrees longitude. Little Sheep 
Creek from a lower point located at 45.52 degrees latitude, and -
116.859 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.232 degrees 
latitude, and -117.093 degrees longitude. Redmont Creek from a lower 
point located at 45.256 degrees latitude, and -117.088 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 45.245 degrees latitude, and -
117.103 degrees longitude.
    (D) McCully Creek from a lower point located at 45.311 degrees 
latitude, and -117.082 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.211 degrees latitude, and -117.14 degrees longitude.


    Note: Map follows for Unit 11.


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    (16) Unit 12--Hells Canyon Complex.
    (i) Critical Habitat Subunit--Pine-Indian-Wildhorse.
    (A) East Fork Pine Creek from a lower point located at 45.022 
degrees latitude, and -117.2 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 45.072 degrees latitude, and -117.176 degrees longitude. 
Middle Fork Pine Creek from a lower point located at 45.039 degrees 
latitude, and -117.215 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.058 degrees latitude, and -117.237 degrees longitude. North Pine 
Creek from a lower point located at 44.91 degrees latitude, and -
116.948 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.079 degrees 
latitude, and -116.897 degrees longitude. Pine Creek from a lower point 
located at 44.974 degrees latitude, and -116.853 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 45.039 degrees latitude, and -117.215 degrees 
longitude. West Fork Pine Creek from a lower point located at 45.039 
degrees latitude, and -117.215 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 45.025 degrees latitude, and -117.246 degrees longitude.
    (B) Aspen Creek from a lower point located at 45.057 degrees 
latitude, and -117.011 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.049 degrees latitude, and -117.037 degrees longitude. Big Elk Creek 
from a lower point located at 45.063 degrees latitude, and -117.023 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.061 degrees latitude, 
and -117.064 degrees longitude. Cabin Creek from a lower point located 
at 45.061 degrees latitude, and -117.02 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 45.077 degrees latitude, and -117.024 degrees 
longitude. Elk Creek from a lower point located at 45.009 degrees 
latitude, and -116.909 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.074 degrees latitude, and -117.045 degrees longitude. Fall Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.97 degrees latitude, and -116.948 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.012 degrees latitude, 
and -116.985 degrees longitude. Little Elk Creek from a lower point 
located at 44.955 degrees latitude, and -116.961 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 45.009 degrees latitude, and -117.028 degrees 
longitude.
    (C) Lake Fork from a lower point located at 45.02 degrees latitude, 
and -116.941 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.067 
degrees latitude, and -117.104 degrees longitude.
    (D) Duck Creek from a lower point located at 45.069 degrees 
latitude, and -116.905 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.091 degrees latitude, and -117.003 degrees longitude. Fish Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.908 degrees latitude, and -116.952 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.036 degrees latitude, 
and -117.081 degrees longitude.
    (E) East Fork of East Pine Creek from a lower point located at 
45.021 degrees latitude, and -117.106 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 45.042 degrees latitude, and -117.103 degrees 
longitude. East Pine Creek from a lower point located at 44.872 degrees 
latitude, and -117.02 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.046 degrees latitude, and -117.119 degrees longitude. Okanogan Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.987 degrees latitude, and -117.064 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.017 degrees latitude, 
and -117.062 degrees longitude. Trinity Creek from a lower point 
located at 44.988 degrees latitude, and -117.071 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 45.026 degrees latitude, and -117.083 degrees 
longitude. Unnamed creek off East Pine Creek from a lower point located 
at 44.993 degrees latitude, and -117.101 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 45.006 degrees latitude, and -117.121 degrees 
longitude.
    (F) Clear Creek from a lower point located at 44.866 degrees 
latitude, and -117.029 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.043 degrees latitude, and -117.143 degrees longitude. Meadow Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.99 degrees latitude, and -117.142 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.017 degrees latitude, 
and -117.171 degrees longitude. Trail Creek from a lower point located 
at 44.991 degrees latitude, and -117.142 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 45.046 degrees latitude, and -117.162 degrees 
longitude.
    (G) Camp Creek from a lower point located at 45.132 degrees 
latitude, and -116.622 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.157 degrees latitude, and -116.62 degrees longitude. Indian Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.985 degrees latitude, and -116.828 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.15 degrees latitude, 
and -116.59 degrees longitude.
    (H) Bear Creek from a lower point located at 44.959 degrees 
latitude, and -116.724 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.136 degrees latitude, and -116.524 degrees longitude. Lick Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.986 degrees latitude, and -116.679 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.105 degrees latitude, 
and -116.514 degrees longitude. Wildhorse River from a lower point 
located at 44.851 degrees latitude, and -116.896 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 44.959 degrees latitude, and -116.724 degrees 
longitude.
    (I) Crooked River from a lower point located at 44.959 degrees 
latitude, and -116.724 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.817 degrees latitude, and -116.742 degrees longitude.
    (ii) Critical Habitat Subunit--Powder River.
    (A) Powder River from a lower point located at 44.743 degrees 
latitude, and -117.046 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.742 degrees latitude, and -118.205 degrees longitude.
    (B) Eagle Creek from a lower point located at 44.746 degrees 
latitude, and -117.169 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.132 degrees latitude, and -117.338 degrees longitude. East Fork 
Eagle Creek from a lower point located at 44.983 degrees latitude, and 
-117.37 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.171 degrees 
latitude, and -117.324 degrees longitude. West Eagle Creek from a lower 
point located at 45.019 degrees latitude, and -117.453 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 45.121 degrees latitude, and -
117.436 degrees longitude.
    (C) Wolf Creek from a lower point located at 45.044 degrees 
latitude, and -117.893 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.068 degrees latitude, and -118.193 degrees longitude.
    (D) North Powder River from a lower point located at 45.039 degrees 
latitude, and -117.895 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.878 degrees latitude, and -118.203 degrees longitude.
    (E) Anthony Creek from a lower point located at 45.013 degrees 
latitude, and -118.059 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.953 degrees latitude, and -118.22 degrees longitude. North Fork 
Anthony Creek from a lower point located at 45.045 degrees latitude, 
and -118.13 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.042 
degrees latitude, and -118.23 degrees longitude.
    (F) Indian Creek from a lower point located at 45.019 degrees 
latitude, and -118.154 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.976 degrees latitude, and -118.204 degrees longitude.
    (G) Big Muddy Creek from a lower point located at 44.94 degrees 
latitude, and -117.945 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.899 degrees latitude, and -118.131 degrees longitude.
    (H) Rock Creek from a lower point located at 44.918 degrees 
latitude, and -117.929 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.856 degrees latitude, and -118.124 degrees longitude.
    (I) Salmon Creek from a lower point located at 44.888 degrees 
latitude, and -117.902 degrees longitude to an upper


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point located at 44.767 degrees latitude, and -118.019 degrees 
longitude.
    (J) Pine Creek from a lower point located at 44.849 degrees 
latitude, and -117.893 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.826 degrees latitude, and -118.078 degrees longitude.
    (K) Deer Creek from a lower point located at 44.684 degrees 
latitude, and -118.059 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.75 degrees latitude, and -118.107 degrees longitude. Lake Creek from 
a lower point located at 44.75 degrees latitude, and -118.107 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.81 degrees latitude, and -
118.091 degrees longitude.
    (L) Cracker Creek from a lower point located at 44.742 degrees 
latitude, and -118.205 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.846 degrees latitude, and -118.204 degrees longitude. Fruit Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.809 degrees latitude, and -118.211 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.859 degrees latitude, 
and -118.247 degrees longitude. Little Cracker Creek from a lower point 
located at 44.826 degrees latitude, and -118.196 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 44.84 degrees latitude, and -118.166 degrees 
longitude. Silver Creek from a lower point located at 44.809 degrees 
latitude, and -118.207 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.857 degrees latitude, and -118.291 degrees longitude.


    Note: Maps follow for Unit 12, Subunit i and Unit 12, Subunit 
ii.


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    (17) Unit 13--Malheur River Basin.
    (i) Malheur River from a lower point located at 43.686 degrees 
latitude, and -118.27 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.145 degrees latitude, and -118.624 degrees longitude. Warm Springs 
Reservoir centered at 43.616 degrees latitude, and -118.237 degrees 
longitude.
    (ii) Beulah Reservoir centered at 43.931 degrees latitude, and -
118.153 degrees longitude. Cow Creek from a lower point located at 
44.283 degrees latitude, and -118.396 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.29 degrees latitude, and -118.461 degrees 
longitude. Flat Creek from a lower point located at 44.305 degrees 
latitude, and -118.402 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.306 degrees latitude, and -118.389 degrees longitude. Horseshoe 
Creek from a lower point located at 44.323 degrees latitude, and -
118.415 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.33 degrees 
latitude, and -118.463 degrees longitude. North Fork Malheur River from 
a lower point located at 43.945 degrees latitude, and -118.167 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.366 degrees latitude, and -
118.404 degrees longitude. Sheep Creek from a lower point located at 
44.281 degrees latitude, and -118.396 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.281 degrees latitude, and -118.475 degrees 
longitude. Swamp Creek from a lower point located at 44.291 degrees 
latitude, and -118.4 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.292 degrees latitude, and -118.483 degrees longitude.
    (iii) Crane Creek from a lower point located at 44.162 degrees 
latitude, and -118.37 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.152 degrees latitude, and -118.386 degrees longitude. Elk Creek from 
a lower point located at 44.25 degrees latitude, and -118.391 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.245 degrees latitude, and -
118.408 degrees longitude. Little Crane Creek from a lower point 
located at 44.152 degrees latitude, and -118.386 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 44.24 degrees latitude, and -118.472 degrees 
longitude. Little Malheur River from a lower point located at 44.019 
degrees latitude, and -118.258 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 44.336 degrees latitude, and -118.351 degrees longitude. 
North Fork Elk Creek from a lower point located at 44.245 degrees 
latitude, and -118.408 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.274 degrees latitude, and -118.487 degrees longitude. South Fork Elk 
Creek from a lower point located at 44.245 degrees latitude, and -
118.408 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.257 degrees 
latitude, and -118.471 degrees longitude. Unnamed creek off Little 
Crane Creek from a lower point located at 44.219 degrees latitude, and 
-118.422 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.214 degrees 
latitude, and -118.453 degrees longitude.
    (iv) Big Creek from a lower point located at 44.145 degrees 
latitude, and -118.624 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.292 degrees latitude, and -118.638 degrees longitude. Crooked Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.151 degrees latitude, and -118.634 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.125 degrees latitude, 
and -118.665 degrees longitude. Lake Creek from a lower point located 
at 44.145 degrees latitude, and -118.624 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.283 degrees latitude, and -118.683 degrees 
longitude. Meadow Fork Big Creek from a lower point located at 44.228 
degrees latitude, and -118.621 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 44.276 degrees latitude, and -118.658 degrees longitude. 
Snowshoe Creek from a lower point located at 44.242 degrees latitude, 
and -118.611 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.259 
degrees latitude, and -118.58 degrees longitude. Summit Creek from a 
lower point located at 44.099 degrees latitude, and -118.587 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.261 degrees latitude, and -
118.501 degrees longitude.
    (v) Mccoy Creek from a lower point located at 44.169 degrees 
latitude, and -118.653 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.248 degrees latitude, and -118.673 degrees longitude.
    (vi) Bosonberg Creek from a lower point located at 44.135 degrees 
latitude, and -118.618 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.224 degrees latitude, and -118.551 degrees longitude.
    (vii) Corral Basin Creek from a lower point located at 44.214 
degrees latitude, and -118.617 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 44.236 degrees latitude, and -118.561 degrees longitude.


    Note: Map follows for Unit 13.




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    (18) Unit 14--Coeur d'Alene Lake Basin.
    (i) Critical Habitat Subunit--Coeur d'Alene Lake.
    (A) Coeur d'Alene Lake centered at 47.548 degrees latitude, and -
116.802 degrees longitude.
    (B) Coeur d'Alene River from a lower point located at 47.46 degrees 
latitude, and -116.798 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.558 degrees latitude, and -116.257 degrees longitude. North Fork 
Coeur d'Alene River from a lower point located at 47.558 degrees 
latitude, and -116.257 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.006 degrees latitude, and -116.321 degrees longitude.
    (C) Cougar Creek from a lower point located at 47.64 degrees 
latitude, and -116.191 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.732 degrees latitude, and -116.305 degrees longitude.
    (D) East Fork Steamboat Creek from a lower point located at 47.716 
degrees latitude, and -116.199 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 47.787 degrees latitude, and -116.204 degrees longitude. 
Steamboat Creek from a lower point located at 47.662 degrees latitude, 
and -116.154 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 47.716 
degrees latitude, and -116.199 degrees longitude. West Fork Steamboat 
Creek from a lower point located at 47.716 degrees latitude, and -
116.199 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 47.736 degrees 
latitude, and -116.277 degrees longitude.
    (E) Prichard Creek from a lower point located at 47.658 degrees 
latitude, and -115.976 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.644 degrees latitude, and -115.921 degrees longitude.
    (F) Eagle Creek from a lower point located at 47.644 degrees 
latitude, and -115.921 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.652 degrees latitude, and -115.903 degrees longitude. West Fork 
Eagle Creek from a lower point located at 47.652 degrees latitude, and 
-115.903 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 47.75 degrees 
latitude, and -115.803 degrees longitude.
    (G) Independence Creek from a lower point located at 47.877 degrees 
latitude, and -116.208 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.862 degrees latitude, and -116.427 degrees longitude. Tepee Creek 
from a lower point located at 47.881 degrees latitude, and -116.132 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 47.846 degrees latitude, 
and -116.247 degrees longitude. Trail Creek from a lower point located 
at 47.846 degrees latitude, and -116.247 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 47.823 degrees latitude, and -116.341 degrees 
longitude.
    (H) Buckskin Creek from a lower point located at 47.987 degrees 
latitude, and -116.225 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
48.034 degrees latitude, and -116.199 degrees longitude.
    (ii) Critical Habitat Subunit--St. Joe River.
    (A) St. Joe River from a lower point located at 47.393 degrees 
latitude, and -116.749 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.017 degrees latitude, and -115.078 degrees longitude.
    (B) Eagle Creek from a lower point located at 47.211 degrees 
latitude, and -115.55 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.285 degrees latitude, and -115.495 degrees longitude. Gold Creek 
from a lower point located at 47.151 degrees latitude, and -115.408 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 47.257 degrees latitude, 
and -115.373 degrees longitude. Mosquito Creek from a lower point 
located at 47.156 degrees latitude, and -115.412 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 47.143 degrees latitude, and -115.429 degrees 
longitude. Simmons Creek from a lower point located at 47.137 degrees 
latitude, and -115.4 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.09 degrees latitude, and -115.231 degrees longitude.
    (C) Beaver Creek from a lower point located at 47.083 degrees 
latitude, and -115.355 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.064 degrees latitude, and -115.48 degrees longitude. Fly Creek from 
a lower point located at 47.113 degrees latitude, and -115.385 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 47.081 degrees latitude, and -
115.489 degrees longitude. Red Ives Creek from a lower point located at 
47.056 degrees latitude, and -115.351 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 47.043 degrees latitude, and -115.278 degrees 
longitude.
    (D) Bean Creek from a lower point located at 47.005 degrees 
latitude, and -115.27 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.993 degrees latitude, and -115.192 degrees longitude. Ruby Creek 
from a lower point located at 46.983 degrees latitude, and -115.367 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.961 degrees latitude, 
and -115.43 degrees longitude. Timber Creek from a lower point located 
at 47.018 degrees latitude, and -115.368 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 46.992 degrees latitude, and -115.462 degrees 
longitude.
    (E) Heller Creek from a lower point located at 47.061 degrees 
latitude, and -115.22 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.091 degrees latitude, and -115.176 degrees longitude. Sherlock Creek 
from a lower point located at 47.064 degrees latitude, and -115.218 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 47.064 degrees latitude, 
and -115.137 degrees longitude. Yankee Bar Creek from a lower point 
located at 47.049 degrees latitude, and -115.191 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 47.021 degrees latitude, and -115.194 degrees 
longitude.
    (F) California Creek from a lower point located at 47.041 degrees 
latitude, and -115.159 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.004 degrees latitude, and -115.177 degrees longitude. Medicine Creek 
from a lower point located at 47.028 degrees latitude, and -115.149 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 47.06 degrees latitude, 
and -115.131 degrees longitude. Wisdom Creek from a lower point located 
at 47.009 degrees latitude, and -115.133 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 47.027 degrees latitude, and -115.087 degrees 
longitude.


    Note: Map follows for Unit 14.


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    (19) Unit 15--Clearwater River Basin.
    (i) Critical Habitat Subunit--Lower/Middle Fork Clearwater River.
    (A) Clearwater River from a lower point located at 46.428 degrees 
latitude, and -117.039 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.146 degrees latitude, and -115.98 degrees longitude. Middle Fork 
Clearwater River from a lower point located at 46.146 degrees latitude, 
and -115.98 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.14 
degrees latitude, and -115.599 degrees longitude. North Fork Clearwater 
River from a lower point located at 46.503 degrees latitude, and -
116.331 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.514 degrees 
latitude, and -116.295 degrees longitude.
    (B) Lolo Creek from a lower point located at 46.372 degrees 
latitude, and -116.17 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.457 degrees latitude, and -115.616 degrees longitude.
    (C) Clear Creek from a lower point located at 46.135 degrees 
latitude, and -115.951 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.056 degrees latitude, and -115.659 degrees longitude. Middle Fork 
Clear Creek from a lower point located at 46.051 degrees latitude, and 
-115.781 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.024 degrees 
latitude, and -115.676 degrees longitude. South Fork Clear Creek from a 
lower point located at 46.043 degrees latitude, and -115.814 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 45.941 degrees latitude, and -
115.769 degrees longitude.
    (ii) Critical Habitat Subunit--North Fork Clearwater River.
    (A) Breakfast Creek from a lower point located at 46.883 degrees 
latitude, and -115.939 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.884 degrees latitude, and -115.969 degrees longitude. Dworshak 
Reservoir centered at 46.626 degrees latitude, and -116.256 degrees 
longitude. Floodwood Creek from a lower point located at 46.888 degrees 
latitude, and -115.953 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.027 degrees latitude, and -115.955 degrees longitude. Freeman Creek 
from a lower point located at 46.567 degrees latitude, and -116.283 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.568 degrees latitude, 
and -116.312 degrees longitude. North Fork Clearwater River from a 
lower point located at 46.858 degrees latitude, and -115.68 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 46.999 degrees latitude, and -
115.112 degrees longitude. Stony Creek from a lower point located at 
46.884 degrees latitude, and -115.969 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 46.916 degrees latitude, and -116.012 degrees 
longitude. West Fork Floodwood Creek from a lower point located at 
46.957 degrees latitude, and -115.927 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 46.999 degrees latitude, and -115.977 degrees 
longitude.
    (B) Adair Creek from a lower point located at 47.083 degrees 
latitude, and -115.805 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.097 degrees latitude, and -115.852 degrees longitude. Butte Creek 
(Dworshak Reservoir) from a lower point located at 46.86 degrees 
latitude, and -115.743 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.843 degrees latitude, and -115.741 degrees longitude. Butte Creek 
(North Fork Clearwater) from a lower point located at 47.045 degrees 
latitude, and -115.719 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.031 degrees latitude, and -115.75 degrees longitude. Canyon Creek 
from a lower point located at 47 degrees latitude, and -115.65 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 47.017 degrees latitude, and -
115.498 degrees longitude. Jungle Creek from a lower point located at 
47.077 degrees latitude, and -115.803 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 47.11 degrees latitude, and -115.795 degrees 
longitude. Little Lost Lake Creek from a lower point located at 47.089 
degrees latitude, and -115.892 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 47.066 degrees latitude, and -115.941 degrees longitude. 
Little North Fork Clearwater River from a lower point located at 46.887 
degrees latitude, and -115.877 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 47.101 degrees latitude, and -115.962 degrees longitude. 
Lost Lake Creek from a lower point located at 47.096 degrees latitude, 
and -115.9 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 47.072 
degrees latitude, and -115.957 degrees longitude. Lund Creek from a 
lower point located at 47.068 degrees latitude, and -115.883 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 47.05 degrees latitude, and -
115.925 degrees longitude. Montana Creek from a lower point located at 
47.045 degrees latitude, and -115.7 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 47.089 degrees latitude, and -115.675 degrees longitude. 
Rutledge Creek from a lower point located at 47.073 degrees latitude, 
and -115.754 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 47.108 
degrees latitude, and -115.722 degrees longitude. Sawtooth Creek from a 
lower point located at 46.994 degrees latitude, and -115.649 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 46.973 degrees latitude, and -
115.495 degrees longitude.
    (C) Isabella Creek from a lower point located at 46.849 degrees 
latitude, and -115.63 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.914 degrees latitude, and -115.538 degrees longitude.
    (D) Beaver Creek from a lower point located at 46.842 degrees 
latitude, and -115.62 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.815 degrees latitude, and -115.645 degrees longitude. Sneak Creek 
from a lower point located at 46.833 degrees latitude, and -115.543 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.834 degrees latitude, 
and -115.546 degrees longitude.
    (E) Collins Creek from a lower point located at 46.862 degrees 
latitude, and -115.433 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.982 degrees latitude, and -115.452 degrees longitude. Frost Creek 
from a lower point located at 46.918 degrees latitude, and -115.348 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.926 degrees latitude, 
and -115.379 degrees longitude. Roaring Creek from a lower point 
located at 46.886 degrees latitude, and -115.355 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 46.918 degrees latitude, and -115.348 degrees 
longitude. Skull Creek from a lower point located at 46.827 degrees 
latitude, and -115.485 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.91 degrees latitude, and -115.255 degrees longitude.
    (F) Quartz Creek from a lower point located at 46.806 degrees 
latitude, and -115.455 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.846 degrees latitude, and -115.258 degrees longitude.
    (G) Lightning Creek from a lower point located at 46.782 degrees 
latitude, and -115.439 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.775 degrees latitude, and -115.44 degrees longitude. Rock Creek from 
a lower point located at 46.783 degrees latitude, and -115.477 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 46.746 degrees latitude, and -
115.382 degrees longitude.
    (H) Larson Creek from a lower point located at 46.765 degrees 
latitude, and -115.495 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.759 degrees latitude, and -115.487 degrees longitude. Little 
Washington Creek from a lower point located at 46.729 degrees latitude, 
and -115.554 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.741 
degrees latitude, and -115.563 degrees longitude. Orogrande Creek from 
a lower point located at 46.631 degrees latitude, and -115.506 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 46.62 degrees latitude, and -
115.508 degrees longitude. Washington Creek from a lower point located 
at 46.707 degrees latitude, and -115.557 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 46.698 degrees latitude, and -115.577 degrees 
longitude.


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    (I) Corral Creek from a lower point located at 46.483 degrees 
latitude, and -115.24 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.534 degrees latitude, and -115.206 degrees longitude. Fro Creek from 
a lower point located at 46.479 degrees latitude, and -115.221 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 46.467 degrees latitude, and -
115.208 degrees longitude. Johnagan Creek from a lower point located at 
46.51 degrees latitude, and -115.366 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 46.543 degrees latitude, and -115.353 degrees 
longitude. Johnny Creek from a lower point located at 46.613 degrees 
latitude, and -115.434 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.614 degrees latitude, and -115.371 degrees longitude. Little Weitas 
Creek from a lower point located at 46.506 degrees latitude, and -
115.391 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.479 degrees 
latitude, and -115.388 degrees longitude. Liz Creek from a lower point 
located at 46.482 degrees latitude, and -115.289 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 46.436 degrees latitude, and -115.305 degrees 
longitude. Middle Creek from a lower point located at 46.521 degrees 
latitude, and -115.411 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.459 degrees latitude, and -115.538 degrees longitude. Weitas Creek 
from a lower point located at 46.636 degrees latitude, and -115.433 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.508 degrees latitude, 
and -115.173 degrees longitude. Windy Creek from a lower point located 
at 46.494 degrees latitude, and -115.327 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 46.57 degrees latitude, and -115.235 degrees 
longitude.
    (J) Death Creek from a lower point located at 46.656 degrees 
latitude, and -115.388 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.662 degrees latitude, and -115.397 degrees longitude. Fisher Creek 
from a lower point located at 46.662 degrees latitude, and -115.38 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.672 degrees latitude, 
and -115.386 degrees longitude. Trail Creek from a lower point located 
at 46.685 degrees latitude, and -115.351 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 46.7 degrees latitude, and -115.358 degrees longitude.
    (K) Bill Creek from a lower point located at 46.631 degrees 
latitude, and -115.27 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.637 degrees latitude, and -115.186 degrees longitude. Fourth Of July 
Creek from a lower point located at 46.665 degrees latitude, and -
115.376 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.564 degrees 
latitude, and -115.259 degrees longitude. Shot Creek from a lower point 
located at 46.639 degrees latitude, and -115.28 degrees longitude to an 
upper point located at 46.666 degrees latitude, and -115.206 degrees 
longitude.
    (L) Cold Springs Creek from a lower point located at 46.721 degrees 
latitude, and -115.297 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.745 degrees latitude, and -115.341 degrees longitude. Cool Creek 
from a lower point located at 46.741 degrees latitude, and -115.326 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.751 degrees latitude, 
and -115.323 degrees longitude.
    (M) Barnard Creek from a lower point located at 46.708 degrees 
latitude, and -115.167 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.644 degrees latitude, and -115.188 degrees longitude. Bear Creek 
from a lower point located at 46.711 degrees latitude, and -114.962 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.75 degrees latitude, 
and -114.921 degrees longitude. Junction Creek from a lower point 
located at 46.718 degrees latitude, and -115.235 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 46.698 degrees latitude, and -115.239 degrees 
longitude. Kelly Creek from a lower point located at 46.716 degrees 
latitude, and -115.257 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.73 degrees latitude, and -114.86 degrees longitude. Kid Lake Creek 
from a lower point located at 46.747 degrees latitude, and -114.805 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.769 degrees latitude, 
and -114.804 degrees longitude. Middle Fork Kelly Creek from a lower 
point located at 46.73 degrees latitude, and -114.86 degrees longitude 
to an upper point located at 46.747 degrees latitude, and -114.805 
degrees longitude. North Fork Kelly Creek from a lower point located at 
46.73 degrees latitude, and -114.86 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 46.78 degrees latitude, and -114.869 degrees longitude. 
South Fork Kelly Creek from a lower point located at 46.712 degrees 
latitude, and -114.862 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.707 degrees latitude, and -114.817 degrees longitude.
    (N) Little Moose Creek from a lower point located at 46.733 degrees 
latitude, and -115.077 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.783 degrees latitude, and -114.905 degrees longitude. Moose Creek 
from a lower point located at 46.721 degrees latitude, and -115.086 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.752 degrees latitude, 
and -115.184 degrees longitude. Osier Creek from a lower point located 
at 46.744 degrees latitude, and -115.073 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 46.837 degrees latitude, and -115.064 degrees 
longitude. Pollock Creek from a lower point located at 46.781 degrees 
latitude, and -115.022 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.78 degrees latitude, and -114.989 degrees longitude. Ruby Creek from 
a lower point located at 46.733 degrees latitude, and -115.078 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 46.745 degrees latitude, and -
115.104 degrees longitude. Sugar Creek from a lower point located at 
46.771 degrees latitude, and -115.034 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 46.82 degrees latitude, and -115.005 degrees 
longitude. Swamp Creek from a lower point located at 46.745 degrees 
latitude, and -115.067 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.799 degrees latitude, and -115.001 degrees longitude.
    (O) Cayuse Creek from a lower point located at 46.712 degrees 
latitude, and -115.02 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.612 degrees latitude, and -114.792 degrees longitude. Gravey Creek 
from a lower point located at 46.6 degrees latitude, and -115.073 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.513 degrees latitude, 
and -115.152 degrees longitude. Howard Creek from a lower point located 
at 46.593 degrees latitude, and -115.013 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 46.531 degrees latitude, and -115.07 degrees 
longitude. Mae Creek from a lower point located at 46.581 degrees 
latitude, and -115.104 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.576 degrees latitude, and -115.1 degrees longitude. Marten Creek 
from a lower point located at 46.575 degrees latitude, and -115.105 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.555 degrees latitude, 
and -115.177 degrees longitude. Mink Creek from a lower point located 
at 46.601 degrees latitude, and -114.894 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 46.628 degrees latitude, and -114.893 degrees 
longitude. Monroe Creek from a lower point located at 46.642 degrees 
latitude, and -115.131 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.631 degrees latitude, and -115.149 degrees longitude. Silver Creek 
from a lower point located at 46.607 degrees latitude, and -114.83 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.653 degrees latitude, 
and -114.813 degrees longitude. Toboggan Creek from a lower point 
located at 46.677 degrees latitude, and -115.049 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 46.631 degrees latitude, and -114.937 degrees


[[Page 71372]]


longitude. Weasel Creek from a lower point located at 46.601 degrees 
latitude, and -114.904 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.623 degrees latitude, and -114.905 degrees longitude.
    (P) Bostonian Creek from a lower point located at 46.962 degrees 
latitude, and -115.113 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
47.002 degrees latitude, and -115.159 degrees longitude. Boundary Creek 
from a lower point located at 46.972 degrees latitude, and -115.107 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.981 degrees latitude, 
and -115.076 degrees longitude. Chamberlain Creek from a lower point 
located at 46.929 degrees latitude, and -115.142 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 46.917 degrees latitude, and -115.2 degrees 
longitude. Deception Gulch from a lower point located at 46.837 degrees 
latitude, and -115.119 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.819 degrees latitude, and -115.149 degrees longitude. Elizabeth 
Creek from a lower point located at 46.79 degrees latitude, and -
115.219 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.799 degrees 
latitude, and -115.228 degrees longitude. Goose Creek from a lower 
point located at 46.852 degrees latitude, and -115.012 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 46.906 degrees latitude, and -
114.952 degrees longitude. Graves Creek from a lower point located at 
46.986 degrees latitude, and -115.1 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 47.006 degrees latitude, and -115.078 degrees longitude. 
Hidden Creek from a lower point located at 46.832 degrees latitude, and 
-115.177 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.846 degrees 
latitude, and -115.213 degrees longitude. Lake Creek from a lower point 
located at 46.869 degrees latitude, and -115.078 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 46.832 degrees latitude, and -114.971 degrees 
longitude. Long Creek from a lower point located at 46.873 degrees 
latitude, and -115.075 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.95 degrees latitude, and -115.024 degrees longitude. Meadow Creek 
from a lower point located at 46.905 degrees latitude, and -115.116 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.964 degrees latitude, 
and -115.22 degrees longitude. Niagra Gulch from a lower point located 
at 46.967 degrees latitude, and -115.136 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 46.974 degrees latitude, and -115.158 degrees 
longitude. Pete Ott Creek from a lower point located at 46.748 degrees 
latitude, and -115.236 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.754 degrees latitude, and -115.239 degrees longitude. Placer Creek 
from a lower point located at 46.938 degrees latitude, and -115.167 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.963 degrees latitude, 
and -115.19 degrees longitude. Rawhide Creek from a lower point located 
at 46.898 degrees latitude, and -115.047 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 46.938 degrees latitude, and -115.055 degrees 
longitude. Short Creek from a lower point located at 46.886 degrees 
latitude, and -115.057 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.898 degrees latitude, and -115.013 degrees longitude. Slate Creek 
from a lower point located at 46.927 degrees latitude, and -115.018 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.914 degrees latitude, 
and -114.979 degrees longitude. Unnamed creek off Long Creek from a 
lower point located at 46.939 degrees latitude, and -115.023 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 46.956 degrees latitude, and -
115.056 degrees longitude. Vanderbilt Gulch from a lower point located 
at 46.916 degrees latitude, and -115.119 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 46.944 degrees latitude, and -115.221 degrees 
longitude.
    (iii) Critical Habitat Subunit--Fish Lake (North Fork).
    (A) Fish Lake centered at 46.818 degrees latitude, and -114.911 
degrees longitude. Lake Creek from a lower point located at 46.832 
degrees latitude, and -114.971 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 46.817 degrees latitude, and -114.919 degrees longitude.
    (B) [Reserved]
    (iv) Critical Habitat Subunit--South Fork Clearwater River.
    (A) South Fork Clearwater River from a lower point located at 
46.146 degrees latitude, and -115.98 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 45.808 degrees latitude, and -115.474 degrees 
longitude.
    (B) Merton Creek from a lower point located at 45.725 degrees 
latitude, and -115.995 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.724 degrees latitude, and -115.978 degrees longitude. Mill Creek 
from a lower point located at 45.83 degrees latitude, and -115.931 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.725 degrees latitude, 
and -115.995 degrees longitude.
    (C) Gospel Creek from a lower point located at 45.703 degrees 
latitude, and -115.89 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.677 degrees latitude, and -115.89 degrees longitude. Hagen Creek 
from a lower point located at 45.649 degrees latitude, and -115.817 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.63 degrees latitude, 
and -115.808 degrees longitude. Johns Creek from a lower point located 
at 45.824 degrees latitude, and -115.889 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 45.683 degrees latitude, and -115.754 degrees 
longitude. Moores Creek from a lower point located at 45.676 degrees 
latitude, and -115.837 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.615 degrees latitude, and -115.879 degrees longitude. Moores Lake 
Creek from a lower point located at 45.677 degrees latitude, and -
115.89 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.659 degrees 
latitude, and -115.869 degrees longitude. Open Creek from a lower point 
located at 45.676 degrees latitude, and -115.837 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 45.683 degrees latitude, and -115.822 degrees 
longitude. Taylor Creek from a lower point located at 45.659 degrees 
latitude, and -115.782 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.637 degrees latitude, and -115.773 degrees longitude. Twin Lakes 
Creek from a lower point located at 45.664 degrees latitude, and -
115.827 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.65 degrees 
latitude, and -115.817 degrees longitude.
    (D) Silver Creek from a lower point located at 45.806 degrees 
latitude, and -115.791 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.807 degrees latitude, and -115.79 degrees longitude. Twentymile 
Creek from a lower point located at 45.795 degrees latitude, and -
115.763 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.794 degrees 
latitude, and -115.764 degrees longitude. Wing Creek from a lower point 
located at 45.795 degrees latitude, and -115.776 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 45.792 degrees latitude, and -115.776 degrees 
longitude.
    (E) Sixmile Creek from a lower point located at 45.764 degrees 
latitude, and -115.659 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.763 degrees latitude, and -115.645 degrees longitude. Tenmile Creek 
from a lower point located at 45.806 degrees latitude, and -115.683 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.639 degrees latitude, 
and -115.712 degrees longitude. Williams Creek from a lower point 
located at 45.731 degrees latitude, and -115.655 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 45.667 degrees latitude, and -115.657 degrees 
longitude. Wiseboy Creek from a lower point located at 45.642 degrees 
latitude, and -115.711 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.638 degrees latitude, and -115.703 degrees longitude.


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    (F) Buckhorn Creek from a lower point located at 45.81 degrees 
latitude, and -115.656 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.808 degrees latitude, and -115.656 degrees longitude.
    (G) Baldy Creek from a lower point located at 45.908 degrees 
latitude, and -115.629 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.944 degrees latitude, and -115.682 degrees longitude. Bear Creek 
from a lower point located at 45.863 degrees latitude, and -115.617 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.878 degrees latitude, 
and -115.594 degrees longitude. Beaver Creek from a lower point located 
at 45.896 degrees latitude, and -115.63 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 45.943 degrees latitude, and -115.568 degrees 
longitude. Mule Creek from a lower point located at 45.925 degrees 
latitude, and -115.634 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.933 degrees latitude, and -115.63 degrees longitude. Newsome Creek 
from a lower point located at 45.828 degrees latitude, and -115.615 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.004 degrees latitude, 
and -115.678 degrees longitude. Pilot Creek from a lower point located 
at 45.907 degrees latitude, and -115.629 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 45.945 degrees latitude, and -115.731 degrees 
longitude. Unnamed creek 1 off Pilot Creek from a lower point located 
at 45.93 degrees latitude, and -115.676 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 45.924 degrees latitude, and -115.687 degrees 
longitude. Unnamed creek 2 off Pilot Creek from a lower point located 
at 45.939 degrees latitude, and -115.716 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 45.934 degrees latitude, and -115.72 degrees 
longitude. West Fork Newsome Creek from a lower point located at 45.865 
degrees latitude, and -115.617 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 45.892 degrees latitude, and -115.694 degrees longitude.
    (H) Crooked River from a lower point located at 45.824 degrees 
latitude, and -115.529 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.695 degrees latitude, and -115.548 degrees longitude. East Fork 
Crooked River from a lower point located at 45.695 degrees latitude, 
and -115.548 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.673 
degrees latitude, and -115.542 degrees longitude. Relief Creek from a 
lower point located at 45.748 degrees latitude, and -115.519 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 45.754 degrees latitude, and -
115.497 degrees longitude. Unnamed creek off West Fork Crooked River 
from a lower point located at 45.69 degrees latitude, and -115.563 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.695 degrees latitude, 
and -115.573 degrees longitude. West Fork Crooked River from a lower 
point located at 45.695 degrees latitude, and -115.548 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 45.666 degrees latitude, and -
115.596 degrees longitude.
    (I) Baston Creek from a lower point located at 45.76 degrees 
latitude, and -115.235 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.731 degrees latitude, and -115.223 degrees longitude. Bridge Creek 
from a lower point located at 45.779 degrees latitude, and -115.21 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.814 degrees latitude, 
and -115.163 degrees longitude. Dawson Creek from a lower point located 
at 45.73 degrees latitude, and -115.39 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 45.743 degrees latitude, and -115.425 degrees 
longitude. Ditch Creek from a lower point located at 45.747 degrees 
latitude, and -115.297 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.794 degrees latitude, and -115.292 degrees longitude. Little Moose 
Creek from a lower point located at 45.716 degrees latitude, and -
115.367 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.709 degrees 
latitude, and -115.399 degrees longitude. Middle Fork. Red River from a 
lower point located at 45.659 degrees latitude, and -115.412 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 45.631 degrees latitude, and -
115.471 degrees longitude. Moose Butte Creek from a lower point located 
at 45.71 degrees latitude, and -115.352 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 45.692 degrees latitude, and -115.416 degrees 
longitude. Otterson Creek from a lower point located at 45.776 degrees 
latitude, and -115.219 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.82 degrees latitude, and -115.233 degrees longitude. Red Horse Creek 
from a lower point located at 45.794 degrees latitude, and -115.4 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.827 degrees latitude, 
and -115.326 degrees longitude. Red River from a lower point located at 
45.808 degrees latitude, and -115.474 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 45.803 degrees latitude, and -115.154 degrees 
longitude. Siegel Creek from a lower point located at 45.773 degrees 
latitude, and -115.387 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.787 degrees latitude, and -115.367 degrees longitude. Soda Creek 
from a lower point located at 45.756 degrees latitude, and -115.256 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.746 degrees latitude, 
and -115.251 degrees longitude. South Fork Red River from a lower point 
located at 45.711 degrees latitude, and -115.344 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 45.623 degrees latitude, and -115.479 degrees 
longitude. Trapper Creek from a lower point located at 45.674 degrees 
latitude, and -115.344 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.705 degrees latitude, and -115.247 degrees longitude. West Fork Red 
River from a lower point located at 45.653 degrees latitude, and -
115.401 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.667 degrees 
latitude, and -115.452 degrees longitude.
    (J) American River from a lower point located at 45.808 degrees 
latitude, and -115.474 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.945 degrees latitude, and -115.449 degrees longitude. Big Elk Creek 
from a lower point located at 45.841 degrees latitude, and -115.434 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.933 degrees latitude, 
and -115.554 degrees longitude. East Fork. American River from a lower 
point located at 45.864 degrees latitude, and -115.424 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 45.919 degrees latitude, and -
115.362 degrees longitude. Elk Creek from a lower point located at 
45.818 degrees latitude, and -115.458 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 45.841 degrees latitude, and -115.434 degrees 
longitude. Flint Creek from a lower point located at 45.891 degrees 
latitude, and -115.427 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.913 degrees latitude, and -115.423 degrees longitude. Kirks Fork 
American River from a lower point located at 45.822 degrees latitude, 
and -115.41 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.829 
degrees latitude, and -115.389 degrees longitude. Lick Creek from a 
lower point located at 45.923 degrees latitude, and -115.468 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 45.969 degrees latitude, and -
115.486 degrees longitude. Little Elk Creek from a lower point located 
at 45.841 degrees latitude, and -115.434 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 45.927 degrees latitude, and -115.537 degrees 
longitude. West Fork American River from a lower point located at 
45.913 degrees latitude, and -115.465 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 45.935 degrees latitude, and -115.544 degrees 
longitude.
    (v) Critical Habitat Subunit--Lochsa River.
    (A) Lochsa River from a lower point located at 46.14 degrees 
latitude, and -115.599 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.508 degrees latitude, and -114.681 degrees longitude.


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    (B) Bimerick Creek from a lower point located at 46.228 degrees 
latitude, and -115.444 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.233 degrees latitude, and -115.445 degrees longitude. Canyon Creek 
from a lower point located at 46.211 degrees latitude, and -115.541 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.211 degrees latitude, 
and -115.552 degrees longitude. Coolwater Creek from a lower point 
located at 46.229 degrees latitude, and -115.456 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 46.214 degrees latitude, and -115.466 degrees 
longitude. Deadman Creek from a lower point located at 46.226 degrees 
latitude, and -115.501 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.252 degrees latitude, and -115.506 degrees longitude. Fire Creek 
from a lower point located at 46.227 degrees latitude, and -115.432 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.219 degrees latitude, 
and -115.424 degrees longitude.
    (C) Split Creek from a lower point located at 46.233 degrees 
latitude, and -115.407 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.162 degrees latitude, and -115.351 degrees longitude.
    (D) Old Man Creek from a lower point located at 46.252 degrees 
latitude, and -115.399 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.231 degrees latitude, and -115.28 degrees longitude.
    (E) Fish Creek from a lower point located at 46.333 degrees 
latitude, and -115.345 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.373 degrees latitude, and -115.596 degrees longitude. Hungery Creek 
from a lower point located at 46.356 degrees latitude, and -115.397 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.4 degrees latitude, 
and -115.568 degrees longitude.
    (F) Boulder Creek from a lower point located at 46.338 degrees 
latitude, and -115.314 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.321 degrees latitude, and -115.224 degrees longitude.
    (G) Bald Mountain Creek from a lower point located at 46.384 
degrees latitude, and -115.231 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 46.399 degrees latitude, and -115.24 degrees longitude. 
Stanley Creek from a lower point located at 46.421 degrees latitude, 
and -115.161 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.406 
degrees latitude, and -115.153 degrees longitude.
    (H) Indian Grave Creek from a lower point located at 46.452 degrees 
latitude, and -115.076 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.49 degrees latitude, and -115.142 degrees longitude.
    (I) Weir Creek from a lower point located at 46.458 degrees 
latitude, and -115.034 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.534 degrees latitude, and -115.017 degrees longitude.
    (J) California Creek from a lower point located at 46.366 degrees 
latitude, and -114.998 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.344 degrees latitude, and -114.994 degrees longitude. Fish Lake 
Creek from a lower point located at 46.415 degrees latitude, and -
115.006 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.366 degrees 
latitude, and -114.998 degrees longitude. Freezeout Creek from a lower 
point located at 46.404 degrees latitude, and -115 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 46.378 degrees latitude, and -114.967 degrees 
longitude. Lake Creek from a lower point located at 46.463 degrees 
latitude, and -114.996 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.415 degrees latitude, and -115.006 degrees longitude.
    (K) Postoffice Creek from a lower point located at 46.466 degrees 
latitude, and -114.985 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.529 degrees latitude, and -114.95 degrees longitude. West Fork 
Postoffice Creek from a lower point located at 46.482 degrees latitude, 
and -114.979 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.514 
degrees latitude, and -115.003 degrees longitude.
    (L) Cooperation Creek from a lower point located at 46.452 degrees 
latitude, and -114.869 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.44 degrees latitude, and -114.816 degrees longitude. Warm Springs 
Creek from a lower point located at 46.473 degrees latitude, and -
114.887 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.43 degrees 
latitude, and -114.864 degrees longitude.
    (M) Doe Creek from a lower point located at 46.499 degrees 
latitude, and -114.862 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.554 degrees latitude, and -114.92 degrees longitude. East Fork 
Fishing Creek from a lower point located at 46.556 degrees latitude, 
and -114.854 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.561 
degrees latitude, and -114.837 degrees longitude. Fishing Creek from a 
lower point located at 46.492 degrees latitude, and -114.857 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 46.571 degrees latitude, and -
114.859 degrees longitude. Spring Creek from a lower point located at 
46.546 degrees latitude, and -114.885 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 46.552 degrees latitude, and -114.902 degrees 
longitude. West Fork. Fishing Creek from a lower point located at 
46.537 degrees latitude, and -114.867 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 46.567 degrees latitude, and -114.884 degrees 
longitude.
    (N) Badger Creek from a lower point located at 46.505 degrees 
latitude, and -114.823 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.517 degrees latitude, and -114.824 degrees longitude. Wendover Creek 
from a lower point located at 46.509 degrees latitude, and -114.785 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.52 degrees latitude, 
and -114.788 degrees longitude.
    (O) East Fork Legendary Bear Creek from a lower point located at 
46.535 degrees latitude, and -114.765 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 46.562 degrees latitude, and -114.735 degrees 
longitude. Legendary Bear Creek from a lower point located at 46.511 
degrees latitude, and -114.761 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 46.535 degrees latitude, and -114.765 degrees longitude. 
Parachute Creek from a lower point located at 46.529 degrees latitude, 
and -114.761 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.53 
degrees latitude, and -114.756 degrees longitude. West Fork Legendary 
Bear Creek from a lower point located at 46.535 degrees latitude, and -
114.765 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.58 degrees 
latitude, and -114.751 degrees longitude.
    (P) Walton Creek from a lower point located at 46.508 degrees 
latitude, and -114.681 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.473 degrees latitude, and -114.68 degrees longitude.
    (Q) Beaver Creek from a lower point located at 46.506 degrees 
latitude, and -114.626 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.553 degrees latitude, and -114.503 degrees longitude. Big Flat Creek 
from a lower point located at 46.402 degrees latitude, and -114.493 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.313 degrees latitude, 
and -114.44 degrees longitude. Colt Killed Creek from a lower point 
located at 46.508 degrees latitude, and -114.681 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 46.429 degrees latitude, and -114.414 degrees 
longitude. Maud Creek from a lower point located at 46.497 degrees 
latitude, and -114.514 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.474 degrees latitude, and -114.411 degrees longitude. Storm Creek 
from a lower point located at 46.463 degrees latitude, and -114.548 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.541 degrees latitude, 
and -114.402 degrees longitude.
    (R) Boulder Creek from a lower point located at 46.615 degrees 
latitude, and -114.67 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.679 degrees latitude, and -114.748 degrees longitude. Crooked Fork 
from a lower point located at 46.508 degrees latitude, and -114.681 
degrees longitude to an upper


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point located at 46.704 degrees latitude, and -114.708 degrees 
longitude. Fox Creek from a lower point located at 46.617 degrees 
latitude, and -114.719 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.605 degrees latitude, and -114.754 degrees longitude. Haskell Creek 
from a lower point located at 46.597 degrees latitude, and -114.603 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.632 degrees latitude, 
and -114.582 degrees longitude. Hopeful Creek from a lower point 
located at 46.671 degrees latitude, and -114.68 degrees longitude to an 
upper point located at 46.724 degrees latitude, and -114.653 degrees 
longitude. Rock Creek from a lower point located at 46.598 degrees 
latitude, and -114.609 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.612 degrees latitude, and -114.619 degrees longitude. Shotgun Creek 
from a lower point located at 46.601 degrees latitude, and -114.664 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.6 degrees latitude, 
and -114.737 degrees longitude. Unnamed creek off Hopeful Creek from a 
lower point located at 46.699 degrees latitude, and -114.668 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 46.708 degrees latitude, and -
114.624 degrees longitude. Williams Lake Creek from a lower point 
located at 46.644 degrees latitude, and -114.716 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 46.647 degrees latitude, and -114.767 degrees 
longitude.
    (S) Brushy Fork from a lower point located at 46.578 degrees 
latitude, and -114.612 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.616 degrees latitude, and -114.454 degrees longitude. North Fork 
Spruce Creek from a lower point located at 46.606 degrees latitude, and 
-114.392 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.616 degrees 
latitude, and -114.351 degrees longitude. South Fork Spruce Creek from 
a lower point located at 46.606 degrees latitude, and -114.392 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 46.565 degrees latitude, and -
114.352 degrees longitude. Shoot Creek from a lower point located at 
46.606 degrees latitude, and -114.414 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 46.58 degrees latitude, and -114.425 degrees 
longitude. Spruce Creek from a lower point located at 46.606 degrees 

latitude, and -114.392 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.616 degrees latitude, and -114.454 degrees longitude. Twin Creek 
from a lower point located at 46.582 degrees latitude, and -114.527 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.57 degrees latitude, 
and -114.474 degrees longitude.
    (vi) Critical Habitat Subunit--Fish Lake (Lochsa).
    (A) Fish Lake centered at 46.818 degrees latitude, and -114.911 
degrees longitude. Fish Lake Creek from a lower point located at 46.366 
degrees latitude, and -114.998 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 46.325 degrees latitude, and -115.084 degrees longitude.
    (B) [Reserved]
    (vii) Critical Habitat Subunit--Selway River.
    (A) Goddard Cr. from a lower point located at 46.101 degrees 
latitude, and -115.557 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.095 degrees latitude, and -115.558 degrees longitude. Selway River 
from a lower point located at 46.14 degrees latitude, and -115.599 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.478 degrees latitude, 
and -114.676 degrees longitude.
    (B) East Fork O'Hara Creek from a lower point located at 45.999 
degrees latitude, and -115.523 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 45.939 degrees latitude, and -115.54 degrees longitude. 
O'Hara Creek from a lower point located at 46.086 degrees latitude, and 
-115.517 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.999 degrees 
latitude, and -115.523 degrees longitude. West Fork O'Hara Creek from a 
lower point located at 45.999 degrees latitude, and -115.523 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 45.949 degrees latitude, and -
115.569 degrees longitude.
    (C) Boyd Creek from a lower point located at 46.081 degrees 
latitude, and -115.442 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.093 degrees latitude, and -115.43 degrees longitude. Falls Creek 
from a lower point located at 46.061 degrees latitude, and -115.338 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.051 degrees latitude, 
and -115.348 degrees longitude. Glover Creek from a lower point located 
at 46.068 degrees latitude, and -115.361 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 46.081 degrees latitude, and -115.36 degrees 
longitude. Rackliff Creek from a lower point located at 46.084 degrees 
latitude, and -115.494 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.102 degrees latitude, and -115.495 degrees longitude.
    (D) Gedney Creek from a lower point located at 46.056 degrees 
latitude, and -115.313 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.135 degrees latitude, and -115.248 degrees longitude. West Fork 
Gedney Creek from a lower point located at 46.094 degrees latitude, and 
-115.293 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.11 degrees 
latitude, and -115.294 degrees longitude.
    (E) East Fork Meadow Creek from a lower point located at 45.88 
degrees latitude, and -115.103 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 45.829 degrees latitude, and -115.027 degrees longitude. 
Meadow Creek from a lower point located at 46.046 degrees latitude, and 
-115.295 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.879 degrees 
latitude, and -115.212 degrees longitude. Schwar Creek from a lower 
point located at 45.882 degrees latitude, and -115.116 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 45.905 degrees latitude, and -
115.108 degrees longitude.
    (F) Otter Creek from a lower point located at 46.051 degrees 
latitude, and -115.22 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.043 degrees latitude, and -115.217 degrees longitude. Three Links 
Creek from a lower point located at 46.098 degrees latitude, and -
115.072 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.142 degrees 
latitude, and -115.091 degrees longitude.
    (G) Mink Creek from a lower point located at 46.098 degrees 
latitude, and -115.071 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.008 degrees latitude, and -115.114 degrees longitude.
    (H) Marten Creek from a lower point located at 46.099 degrees 
latitude, and -115.052 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.963 degrees latitude, and -115.046 degrees longitude.
    (I) Cedar Creek from a lower point located at 46.249 degrees 
latitude, and -114.708 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.33 degrees latitude, and -114.705 degrees longitude. East Fork Moose 
Creek from a lower point located at 46.165 degrees latitude, and -
114.897 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.271 degrees 
latitude, and -114.679 degrees longitude. Moose Creek from a lower 
point located at 46.122 degrees latitude, and -114.935 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 46.165 degrees latitude, and -
114.897 degrees longitude. North Fork Moose Creek from a lower point 
located at 46.165 degrees latitude, and -114.897 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 46.274 degrees latitude, and -114.923 degrees 
longitude. Rhoda Creek from a lower point located at 46.239 degrees 
latitude, and -115.008 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.234 degrees latitude, and -114.96 degrees longitude. Wounded Doe 
Creek from a lower point located at 46.239 degrees latitude, and -
115.008 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.3 degrees 
latitude, and -115.079 degrees longitude.
    (J) Pettibone Creek from a lower point located at 46.041 degrees 
latitude, and -114.84 degrees longitude to an upper


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point located at 46.064 degrees latitude, and -114.796 degrees 
longitude.
    (K) Bear Creek from a lower point located at 46.019 degrees 
latitude, and -114.844 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.109 degrees latitude, and -114.508 degrees longitude. Brushy Fork 
Creek from a lower point located at 46.003 degrees latitude, and -
114.698 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.989 degrees 
latitude, and -114.582 degrees longitude. Cub Creek from a lower point 
located at 46.034 degrees latitude, and -114.756 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 46.032 degrees latitude, and -114.617 degrees 
longitude. Paradise Creek from a lower point located at 46.022 degrees 
latitude, and -114.728 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.039 degrees latitude, and -114.526 degrees longitude.
    (L) Eagle Creek from a lower point located at 45.908 degrees 
latitude, and -114.853 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.781 degrees latitude, and -114.899 degrees longitude. Lynx Creek 
from a lower point located at 45.849 degrees latitude, and -114.937 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.818 degrees latitude, 
and -114.951 degrees longitude. Running Creek from a lower point 
located at 45.919 degrees latitude, and -114.832 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 45.916 degrees latitude, and -115.032 degrees 
longitude. South Fork Running Creek from a lower point located at 
45.845 degrees latitude, and -114.944 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 45.823 degrees latitude, and -114.965 degrees 
longitude. Tom Creek from a lower point located at 45.862 degrees 
latitude, and -114.986 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.913 degrees latitude, and -114.984 degrees longitude.
    (M) Canyon Creek from a lower point located at 45.888 degrees 
latitude, and -114.613 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.882 degrees latitude, and -114.408 degrees longitude. White Cap 
Creek from a lower point located at 45.86 degrees latitude, and -
114.744 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.91 degrees 
latitude, and -114.428 degrees longitude.
    (N) Burnt Strip Creek from a lower point located at 45.817 degrees 
latitude, and -114.626 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.838 degrees latitude, and -114.588 degrees longitude. Indian Creek 
from a lower point located at 45.792 degrees latitude, and -114.764 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.785 degrees latitude, 
and -114.581 degrees longitude. Schofield Creek from a lower point 
located at 45.777 degrees latitude, and -114.645 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 45.819 degrees latitude, and -114.585 degrees 
longitude.
    (O) Burnt Knob Creek from a lower point located at 45.715 degrees 
latitude, and -114.898 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.697 degrees latitude, and -114.945 degrees longitude. Flat Creek 
from a lower point located at 45.722 degrees latitude, and -114.857 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.651 degrees latitude, 
and -114.847 degrees longitude. Little Clearwater River from a lower 
point located at 45.754 degrees latitude, and -114.775 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 45.738 degrees latitude, and -
114.945 degrees longitude. Salamander Creek from a lower point located 
at 45.711 degrees latitude, and -114.865 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 45.648 degrees latitude, and -114.879 degrees 
longitude.
    (P) Magruder Creek from a lower point located at 45.745 degrees 
latitude, and -114.76 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.726 degrees latitude, and -114.771 degrees longitude.
    (Q) Cayuse Creek from a lower point located at 45.706 degrees 
latitude, and -114.614 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.761 degrees latitude, and -114.551 degrees longitude. Deep Creek 
from a lower point located at 45.707 degrees latitude, and -114.719 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.719 degrees latitude, 
and -114.509 degrees longitude. Slow Gulch Creek from a lower point 
located at 45.694 degrees latitude, and -114.56 degrees longitude to an 
upper point located at 45.679 degrees latitude, and -114.545 degrees 
longitude. Vance Creek from a lower point located at 45.703 degrees 
latitude, and -114.579 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.695 degrees latitude, and -114.581 degrees longitude.
    (R) French Creek from a lower point located at 45.597 degrees 
latitude, and -114.591 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.609 degrees latitude, and -114.561 degrees longitude. South Fork 
Surprise Creek from a lower point located at 45.527 degrees latitude, 
and -114.679 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.479 
degrees latitude, and -114.664 degrees longitude. Storm Creek from a 
lower point located at 45.578 degrees latitude, and -114.64 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 45.636 degrees latitude, and -
114.583 degrees longitude. Surprise Creek from a lower point located at 
45.521 degrees latitude, and -114.701 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 45.538 degrees latitude, and -114.627 degrees 
longitude. Swet Creek from a lower point located at 45.58 degrees 
latitude, and -114.719 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.501 degrees latitude, and -114.801 degrees longitude. Wilkerson 
Creek from a lower point located at 45.612 degrees latitude, and -
114.706 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.557 degrees 
latitude, and -114.585 degrees longitude.


    Note: Maps follow for Unit 15, Subunit i; Subunit ii (West 
portion); Subunits ii (East Portion) and iii; Subunit iv; Subunits v 
and vi; and Subunit vii.


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    (20) Unit 16--Salmon River Basin.
    (i) Critical Habitat Subunit--Little-Lower Salmon.
    (A) Salmon River from a lower point located at 45.857 degrees 
latitude, and -116.794 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.425 degrees latitude, and -116.03 degrees longitude.
    (B) Deadhorse Creek from a lower point located at 45.613 degrees 
latitude, and -116.066 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.575 degrees latitude, and -116.144 degrees longitude. Little Slate 
Creek from a lower point located at 45.62 degrees latitude, and -
116.066 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.523 degrees 
latitude, and -116.092 degrees longitude. Slate Creek from a lower 
point located at 45.64 degrees latitude, and -116.284 degrees longitude 
to an upper point located at 45.625 degrees latitude, and -116.054 
degrees longitude. Van Buren Creek from a lower point located at 45.533 
degrees latitude, and -116.082 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 45.536 degrees latitude, and -116.168 degrees longitude. 
Willow Creek from a lower point located at 45.638 degrees latitude, and 
-116.109 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.65 degrees 
latitude, and -116.088 degrees longitude.
    (C) East Fork John Day Creek from a lower point located at 45.573 
degrees latitude, and -116.229 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 45.577 degrees latitude, and -116.153 degrees longitude. 
John Day Creek from a lower point located at 45.586 degrees latitude, 
and -116.295 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.521 
degrees latitude, and -116.195 degrees longitude.
    (D) Little Salmon River from a lower point located at 45.417 
degrees latitude, and -116.313 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 45.138 degrees latitude, and -116.282 degrees longitude.
    (E) Granite Fork Lake Fork Rapid River from a lower point located 
at 45.187 degrees latitude, and -116.517 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 45.151 degrees latitude, and -116.552 degrees 
longitude. Lake Fork Rapid River from a lower point located at 45.187 
degrees latitude, and -116.482 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 45.19 degrees latitude, and -116.557 degrees longitude. 
Rapid River from a lower point located at 45.375 degrees latitude, and 
-116.355 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.114 degrees 
latitude, and -116.506 degrees longitude. West Fork Rapid River from a 
lower point located at 45.307 degrees latitude, and -116.419 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 45.23 degrees latitude, and -
116.537 degrees longitude.
    (F) Boulder Creek from a lower point located at 45.204 degrees 
latitude, and -116.31 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.129 degrees latitude, and -116.475 degrees longitude. Yellow Jacket 
Creek from a lower point located at 45.137 degrees latitude, and -
116.412 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.146 degrees 
latitude, and -116.444 degrees longitude.
    (G) Hard Creek from a lower point located at 45.183 degrees 
latitude, and -116.283 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.125 degrees latitude, and -116.239 degrees longitude. Hazard Creek 
from a lower point located at 45.184 degrees latitude, and -116.3 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.222 degrees latitude, 
and -116.139 degrees longitude.
    (H) Lake Creek from a lower point located at 45.4 degrees latitude, 
and -116.212 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.294 
degrees latitude, and -116.219 degrees longitude.
    (I) Partridge Creek from a lower point located at 45.408 degrees 
latitude, and -116.126 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.288 degrees latitude, and -116.217 degrees longitude.
    (J) Elkhorn Creek from a lower point located at 45.404 degrees 
latitude, and -116.094 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.27 degrees latitude, and -116.121 degrees longitude.
    (K) French Creek from a lower point located at 45.425 degrees 
latitude, and -116.03 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.158 degrees latitude, and -116.084 degrees longitude. North Creek 
from a lower point located at 45.286 degrees latitude, and -116.044 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.259 degrees latitude, 
and -115.988 degrees longitude.
    (ii) Critical Habitat Subunit--Middle Salmon--Chamberlain.
    (A) Salmon River from a lower point located at 45.425 degrees 
latitude, and -116.03 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.454 degrees latitude, and -114.931 degrees longitude.
    (B) East Fork Fall Creek from a lower point located at 45.415 
degrees latitude, and -115.976 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 45.36 degrees latitude, and -115.963 degrees longitude. Fall 
Creek from a lower point located at 45.433 degrees latitude, and -
115.983 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.331 degrees 
latitude, and -115.995 degrees longitude.
    (C) Wind River from a lower point located at 45.455 degrees 
latitude, and -115.941 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.605 degrees latitude, and -115.917 degrees longitude.
    (D) Sheep Creek from a lower point located at 45.468 degrees 
latitude, and -115.81 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.614 degrees latitude, and -115.696 degrees longitude.
    (E) California Creek from a lower point located at 45.448 degrees 
latitude, and -115.759 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.341 degrees latitude, and -115.85 degrees longitude.
    (F) Crooked Creek from a lower point located at 45.434 degrees 
latitude, and -115.666 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.612 degrees latitude, and -115.438 degrees longitude. Lake Creek 
from a lower point located at 45.514 degrees latitude, and -115.574 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.616 degrees latitude, 
and -115.686 degrees longitude.
    (G) Guard Creek from a lower point located at 45.293 degrees 
latitude, and -115.695 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.309 degrees latitude, and -115.658 degrees longitude. Mayflower 
Creek from a lower point located at 45.248 degrees latitude, and -
115.653 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.259 degrees 
latitude, and -115.601 degrees longitude. Schissler Creek from a lower 
point located at 45.328 degrees latitude, and -115.707 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 45.321 degrees latitude, and -
115.779 degrees longitude. Slaughter Creek from a lower point located 
at 45.261 degrees latitude, and -115.672 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 45.297 degrees latitude, and -115.609 degrees 
longitude. Warren Creek from a lower point located at 45.397 degrees 
latitude, and -115.592 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.22 degrees latitude, and -115.677 degrees longitude. Webfoot Creek 
from a lower point located at 45.237 degrees latitude, and -115.675 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.217 degrees latitude, 
and -115.695 degrees longitude.
    (H) Rhett Creek from a lower point located at 45.472 degrees 
latitude, and -115.393 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.476 degrees latitude, and -115.407 degrees longitude.
    (I) Little Mallard Creek from a lower point located at 45.529 
degrees latitude, and -115.303 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 45.533 degrees latitude, and -115.311 degrees longitude.
    (J) Big Mallard Creek from a lower point located at 45.537 degrees 
latitude, and -115.269 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.543 degrees latitude, and -115.279 degrees longitude.


[[Page 71384]]


    (K) Bargamin Creek from a lower point located at 45.567 degrees 
latitude, and -115.191 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.771 degrees latitude, and -114.934 degrees longitude.
    (L) Sabe Creek from a lower point located at 45.507 degrees 
latitude, and -115.024 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.681 degrees latitude, and -114.948 degrees longitude.
    (M) Big Harrington Creek from a lower point located at 45.473 
degrees latitude, and -114.963 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 45.518 degrees latitude, and -114.823 degrees longitude.
    (N) Chamberlain Creek from a lower point located at 45.454 degrees 
latitude, and -114.931 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.336 degrees latitude, and -115.329 degrees longitude. Game Creek 
from a lower point located at 45.398 degrees latitude, and -115.192 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.404 degrees latitude, 
and -115.274 degrees longitude. McCalla Creek from a lower point 
located at 45.414 degrees latitude, and -114.981 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 45.255 degrees latitude, and -115.127 degrees 
longitude. Moose Creek from a lower point located at 45.356 degrees 
latitude, and -115.249 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.283 degrees latitude, and -115.292 degrees longitude. Rim Creek from 
a lower point located at 45.336 degrees latitude, and -115.329 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 45.281 degrees latitude, and -
115.382 degrees longitude. South Fork Chamberlain Creek from a lower 
point located at 45.336 degrees latitude, and -115.329 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 45.282 degrees latitude, and -
115.351 degrees longitude. West Fork Chamberlain Creek from a lower 
point located at 45.383 degrees latitude, and -115.166 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 45.463 degrees latitude, and -
115.184 degrees longitude. Whimstick Creek from a lower point located 
at 45.378 degrees latitude, and -114.999 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 45.241 degrees latitude, and -115.053 degrees 
longitude.
    (iii) Critical Habitat Subunit--South Fork Salmon River.
    (A) South Fork Salmon River from a lower point located at 45.378 
degrees latitude, and -115.512 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 44.494 degrees latitude, and -115.735 degrees longitude.
    (B) Pony Creek from a lower point located at 45.187 degrees 
latitude, and -115.562 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.179 degrees latitude, and -115.703 degrees longitude.
    (C) Elk Creek from a lower point located at 45.156 degrees 
latitude, and -115.585 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.157 degrees latitude, and -115.431 degrees longitude. South Fork Elk 
Creek from a lower point located at 45.095 degrees latitude, and -
115.513 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.069 degrees 
latitude, and -115.482 degrees longitude. West Fork Elk Creek from a 
lower point located at 45.147 degrees latitude, and -115.511 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 45.061 degrees latitude, and -
115.519 degrees longitude.
    (D) Flat Creek from a lower point located at 45.271 degrees 
latitude, and -115.836 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.302 degrees latitude, and -115.879 degrees longitude. Grouse Creek 
from a lower point located at 45.265 degrees latitude, and -115.83 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.317 degrees latitude, 
and -115.816 degrees longitude. Hum Creek from a lower point located at 
45.049 degrees latitude, and -115.897 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 45.07 degrees latitude, and -115.903 degrees 
longitude. Josephine Creek from a lower point located at 45.224 degrees 
latitude, and -115.929 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.225 degrees latitude, and -115.97 degrees longitude. Lake Creek from 
a lower point located at 45.256 degrees latitude, and -115.896 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 45.374 degrees latitude, and -
115.867 degrees longitude. Lick Creek from a lower point located at 
45.062 degrees latitude, and -115.761 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 45.058 degrees latitude, and -115.932 degrees 
longitude. Loon Creek from a lower point located at 45.17 degrees 
latitude, and -115.808 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.082 degrees latitude, and -115.916 degrees longitude. Nethker Creek 
from a lower point located at 45.265 degrees latitude, and -115.905 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.25 degrees latitude, 
and -115.971 degrees longitude. Ruby Creek from a lower point located 
at 45.258 degrees latitude, and -115.878 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 45.19 degrees latitude, and -115.914 degrees 
longitude. Sand Creek from a lower point located at 45.307 degrees 
latitude, and -115.82 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.327 degrees latitude, and -115.862 degrees longitude. Secesh River 
from a lower point located at 45.025 degrees latitude, and -115.706 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.256 degrees latitude, 
and -115.896 degrees longitude. Summit Creek from a lower point located 
at 45.256 degrees latitude, and -115.896 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 45.172 degrees latitude, and -115.915 degrees 
longitude. Threemile Creek from a lower point located at 45.299 degrees 
latitude, and -115.929 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.334 degrees latitude, and -115.891 degrees longitude. Victor Creek 
from a lower point located at 45.183 degrees latitude, and -115.821 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.147 degrees latitude, 
and -115.936 degrees longitude. Willow Basket Creek from a lower point 
located at 45.186 degrees latitude, and -115.831 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 45.192 degrees latitude, and -115.894 degrees 
longitude. Willow Creek from a lower point located at 45.331 degrees 
latitude, and -115.949 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.356 degrees latitude, and -115.857 degrees longitude.
    (E) Bum Creek from a lower point located at 44.995 degrees 
latitude, and -115.318 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.036 degrees latitude, and -115.286 degrees longitude. Cane Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.953 degrees latitude, and -115.291 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.978 degrees latitude, 
and -115.261 degrees longitude. Cinnabar Creek from a lower point 
located at 44.952 degrees latitude, and -115.293 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 44.912 degrees latitude, and -115.266 degrees 
longitude. East Fork South Fork Salmon River from a lower point located 
at 45.015 degrees latitude, and -115.713 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.886 degrees latitude, and -115.256 degrees 
longitude. Meadow Creek from a lower point located at 44.902 degrees 
latitude, and -115.327 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.864 degrees latitude, and -115.372 degrees longitude. Missouri Creek 
from a lower point located at 45.007 degrees latitude, and -115.394 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.028 degrees latitude, 
and -115.351 degrees longitude. Profile Creek from a lower point 
located at 44.958 degrees latitude, and -115.428 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 45.053 degrees latitude, and -115.416 degrees 
longitude. Quartz Creek from a lower point located at 44.97 degrees 
latitude, and -115.477 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.048 degrees latitude, and -115.496 degrees




[[Continued on page 71385]]


From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
]                         
 
[[pp. 71385-71434]] Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Proposed 
Designation of Critical Habitat for the Klamath River and Columbia 
River Distinct Population Segments of Bull Trout


[[Continued from page 71384]]


[[Page 71385]]


longitude. Salt Creek from a lower point located at 44.95 degrees 
latitude, and -115.352 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.973 degrees latitude, and -115.324 degrees longitude. Sugar Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.936 degrees latitude, and -115.336 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.975 degrees latitude, 
and -115.245 degrees longitude. Tamarack Creek from a lower point 
located at 44.959 degrees latitude, and -115.389 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 44.984 degrees latitude, and -115.27 degrees 
longitude.
    (F) Buck Creek from a lower point located at 44.792 degrees 
latitude, and -115.518 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.751 degrees latitude, and -115.479 degrees longitude. Burntlog Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.803 degrees latitude, and -115.518 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.718 degrees latitude, 
and -115.419 degrees longitude. East Fork Burntlog Creek from a lower 
point located at 44.737 degrees latitude, and -115.501 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.73 degrees latitude, and -
115.426 degrees longitude. Johnson Creek from a lower point located at 
44.963 degrees latitude, and -115.501 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.55 degrees latitude, and -115.59 degrees longitude. 
Riordan Creek from a lower point located at 44.907 degrees latitude, 
and -115.485 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.808 
degrees latitude, and -115.392 degrees longitude. Riordan Lake centered 
at 44.85 degrees latitude, and -115.438 degrees longitude. Trapper 
Creek from a lower point located at 44.832 degrees latitude, and -
115.513 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.774 degrees 
latitude, and -115.404 degrees longitude. Unnamed creek off East Fork 
Burntlog Creek from a lower point located at 44.74 degrees latitude, 
and -115.458 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.764 
degrees latitude, and -115.44 degrees longitude. Unnamed creek off 
Trapper Creek from a lower point located at 44.793 degrees latitude, 
and -115.464 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.772 
degrees latitude, and -115.433 degrees longitude.
    (G) Bear Creek from a lower point located at 44.623 degrees 
latitude, and -115.69 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.607 degrees latitude, and -115.6 degrees longitude. Blackmare Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.823 degrees latitude, and -115.703 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.809 degrees latitude, 
and -115.795 degrees longitude. Buckhorn Creek from a lower point 
located at 44.922 degrees latitude, and -115.736 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 44.853 degrees latitude, and -115.886 degrees 
longitude. Cabin Creek from a lower point located at 44.667 degrees 
latitude, and -115.685 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.703 degrees latitude, and -115.647 degrees longitude. Cougar Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.889 degrees latitude, and -115.716 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.81 degrees latitude, 
and -115.804 degrees longitude. Curtis Creek from a lower point located 
at 44.652 degrees latitude, and -115.703 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.562 degrees latitude, and -115.759 degrees 
longitude. Fitsum Creek from a lower point located at 44.999 degrees 
latitude, and -115.722 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45 degrees latitude, and -115.762 degrees longitude. Fourmile Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.857 degrees latitude, and -115.695 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.798 degrees latitude, 
and -115.621 degrees longitude. Little Buckhorn Creek from a lower 
point located at 44.914 degrees latitude, and -115.75 degrees longitude 
to an upper point located at 44.865 degrees latitude, and -115.8 
degrees longitude. Lodgepole Creek from a lower point located at 44.593 
degrees latitude, and -115.686 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 44.576 degrees latitude, and -115.61 degrees longitude. 
Mormon Creek from a lower point located at 44.524 degrees latitude, and 
-115.695 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.499 degrees 
latitude, and -115.654 degrees longitude. North Fork Fitsum Creek from 
a lower point located at 44.999 degrees latitude, and -115.759 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.986 degrees latitude, and -
115.883 degrees longitude. Reeves Creek from a lower point located at 
44.668 degrees latitude, and -115.666 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.686 degrees latitude, and -115.618 degrees 
longitude. Rice Creek from a lower point located at 44.575 degrees 
latitude, and -115.685 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.51 degrees latitude, and -115.644 degrees longitude. Six-Bit Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.686 degrees latitude, and -115.706 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.646 degrees latitude, 
and -115.808 degrees longitude. South Fork Blackmare Creek from a lower 
point located at 44.809 degrees latitude, and -115.747 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.77 degrees latitude, and -
115.803 degrees longitude. South Fork Buckhorn Creek from a lower point 
located at 44.89 degrees latitude, and -115.823 degrees longitude to an 
upper point located at 44.84 degrees latitude, and -115.823 degrees 
longitude. Trail Creek from a lower point located at 44.635 degrees 
latitude, and -115.717 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.628 degrees latitude, and -115.79 degrees longitude. Tyndall Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.58 degrees latitude, and -115.684 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.562 degrees latitude, 
and -115.748 degrees longitude. Unnamed creek off Rice Creek from a 
lower point located at 44.551 degrees latitude, and -115.655 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.561 degrees latitude, and -
115.643 degrees longitude. Unnamed creek off South Fork Salmon River 
from a lower point located at 44.556 degrees latitude, and -115.682 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.552 degrees latitude, 
and -115.706 degrees longitude. Unnamed creek off Trail Creek from a 
lower point located at 44.626 degrees latitude, and -115.745 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.599 degrees latitude, and -
115.802 degrees longitude. Unnamed creek 1 off Curtis Creek from a 
lower point located at 44.61 degrees latitude, and -115.745 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.586 degrees latitude, and -
115.803 degrees longitude. Unnamed creek 2 off Curtis Creek from a 
lower point located at 44.595 degrees latitude, and -115.752 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.568 degrees latitude, and -
115.793 degrees longitude. Warm Lake centered at 44.645 degrees 
latitude, and -115.669 degrees longitude. Warm Lake Creek from a lower 
point located at 44.666 degrees latitude, and -115.698 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.653 degrees latitude, and -
115.661 degrees longitude.
    (iv) Critical Habitat Subunit--Middle Fork Salmon River.
    (A) Middle Fork Salmon River from a lower point located at 45.297 
degrees latitude, and -114.591 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 44.449 degrees latitude, and -115.23 degrees longitude.
    (B) Beaver Creek from a lower point located at 45.163 degrees 
latitude, and -115.242 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.242 degrees latitude, and -115.314 degrees longitude. Belvidere 
Creek from a lower point located at 45.07 degrees latitude, and -
115.364 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.041 degrees 
latitude, and -115.386 degrees longitude. Big


[[Page 71386]]


Creek from a lower point located at 45.095 degrees latitude, and -
114.732 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.06 degrees 
latitude, and -115.451 degrees longitude. Big Ramey Creek from a lower 
point located at 45.177 degrees latitude, and -115.159 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 45.279 degrees latitude, and -
115.243 degrees longitude. Boulder Creek from a lower point located at 
45.242 degrees latitude, and -115.314 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 45.277 degrees latitude, and -115.34 degrees 
longitude. Cabin Creek from a lower point located at 45.127 degrees 
latitude, and -114.935 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.195 degrees latitude, and -114.837 degrees longitude. Cave Creek 
from a lower point located at 45.132 degrees latitude, and -114.955 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.24 degrees latitude, 
and -114.846 degrees longitude. Crooked Creek from a lower point 
located at 45.163 degrees latitude, and -115.128 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 45.195 degrees latitude, and -115.031 degrees 
longitude. East Fork Big Ramey Creek from a lower point located at 
45.214 degrees latitude, and -115.187 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 45.245 degrees latitude, and -115.136 degrees 
longitude. Hand Creek from a lower point located at 45.228 degrees 
latitude, and -115.3 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.287 degrees latitude, and -115.245 degrees longitude. Logan Creek 
from a lower point located at 45.118 degrees latitude, and -115.319 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.072 degrees latitude, 
and -115.455 degrees longitude. Middle Fork Smith Creek from a lower 
point located at 45.17 degrees latitude, and -115.38 degrees longitude 
to an upper point located at 45.157 degrees latitude, and -115.412 
degrees longitude. Monumental Creek from a lower point located at 45.16 
degrees latitude, and -115.129 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 44.904 degrees latitude, and -115.262 degrees longitude. 
Rush Creek from a lower point located at 45.105 degrees latitude, and -
114.861 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.933 degrees 
latitude, and -114.99 degrees longitude. Smith Creek from a lower point 
located at 45.153 degrees latitude, and -115.297 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 45.17 degrees latitude, and -115.38 degrees 
longitude. Snowslide Creek from a lower point located at 45.098 degrees 
latitude, and -115.156 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.045 degrees latitude, and -115.281 degrees longitude. South Fork 
Rush Creek from a lower point located at 45.014 degrees latitude, and -
114.978 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.965 degrees 
latitude, and -114.928 degrees longitude. South Fork Smith Creek from a 
lower point located at 45.17 degrees latitude, and -115.38 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 45.149 degrees latitude, and -
115.419 degrees longitude. West Fork Monumental Creek from a lower 
point located at 45.005 degrees latitude, and -115.139 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 45.034 degrees latitude, and -
115.275 degrees longitude.
    (C) Wilson Creek from a lower point located at 45.033 degrees 
latitude, and -114.723 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.143 degrees latitude, and -114.589 degrees longitude.
    (D) Soldier Creek from a lower point located at 45.029 degrees 
latitude, and -114.726 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.007 degrees latitude, and -114.881 degrees longitude.
    (E) Brush Creek from a lower point located at 44.955 degrees 
latitude, and -114.733 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.965 degrees latitude, and -114.859 degrees longitude.
    (F) Sheep Creek from a lower point located at 44.943 degrees 
latitude, and -114.726 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.915 degrees latitude, and -114.903 degrees longitude.
    (G) Arrastra Creek from a lower point located at 44.868 degrees 
latitude, and -114.425 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.841 degrees latitude, and -114.35 degrees longitude. Birdseye Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.927 degrees latitude, and -114.384 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.938 degrees latitude, 
and -114.456 degrees longitude. Blue Fork Silver Creek from a lower 
point located at 44.883 degrees latitude, and -114.354 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.854 degrees latitude, and -
114.359 degrees longitude. Camas Creek from a lower point located at 
44.892 degrees latitude, and -114.722 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.708 degrees latitude, and -114.387 degrees 
longitude. Castle Creek from a lower point located at 44.801 degrees 
latitude, and -114.471 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.826 degrees latitude, and -114.312 degrees longitude. Fly Creek from 
a lower point located at 44.705 degrees latitude, and -114.496 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.67 degrees latitude, and -
114.55 degrees longitude. Furnace Creek from a lower point located at 
44.767 degrees latitude, and -114.486 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.789 degrees latitude, and -114.343 degrees 
longitude. Hoodoo Creek from a lower point located at 44.953 degrees 
latitude, and -114.581 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.06 degrees latitude, and -114.552 degrees longitude. J Fell Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.684 degrees latitude, and -114.458 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.615 degrees latitude, 
and -114.461 degrees longitude. Lake Creek from a lower point located 
at 44.948 degrees latitude, and -114.591 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.981 degrees latitude, and -114.645 degrees 
longitude. Little Jacket Creek from a lower point located at 44.953 
degrees latitude, and -114.566 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 44.926 degrees latitude, and -114.478 degrees longitude. 
Pole Creek from a lower point located at 44.794 degrees latitude, and -
114.594 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.763 degrees 
latitude, and -114.674 degrees longitude. Shovel Creek from a lower 
point located at 45 degrees latitude, and -114.478 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 45.034 degrees latitude, and -114.443 degrees 
longitude. Silver Creek from a lower point located at 44.83 degrees 
latitude, and -114.501 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.852 degrees latitude, and -114.343 degrees longitude. South Fork 
Camas Creek from a lower point located at 44.721 degrees latitude, and 
-114.498 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.73 degrees 
latitude, and -114.64 degrees longitude. West Fork Camas Creek from a 
lower point located at 44.831 degrees latitude, and -114.504 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.819 degrees latitude, and -
114.654 degrees longitude. White Goat Creek from a lower point located 
at 44.741 degrees latitude, and -114.488 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.726 degrees latitude, and -114.415 degrees 
longitude. Woodtick Creek from a lower point located at 44.884 degrees 
latitude, and -114.625 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.809 degrees latitude, and -114.679 degrees longitude. Yellowjacket 
Creek from a lower point located at 44.892 degrees latitude, and -
114.644 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.103 degrees 
latitude, and -114.535 degrees longitude.
    (H) Norton Creek from a lower point located at 44.827 degrees 
latitude, and -114.794 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.89 degrees latitude, and -114.901 degrees longitude.


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    (I) Bear Creek from a lower point located at 44.742 degrees 
latitude, and -114.817 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.735 degrees latitude, and -114.861 degrees longitude. Cabin Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.691 degrees latitude, and -114.753 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.76 degrees latitude, 
and -114.692 degrees longitude. Cache Creek from a lower point located 
at 44.801 degrees latitude, and -114.805 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.776 degrees latitude, and -114.687 degrees 
longitude. Canyon Creek from a lower point located at 44.568 degrees 
latitude, and -114.846 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.59 degrees latitude, and -114.871 degrees longitude. Cat Creek from 
a lower point located at 44.652 degrees latitude, and -114.628 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.633 degrees latitude, and -
114.648 degrees longitude. Cold Spring Creek from a lower point located 
at 44.718 degrees latitude, and -114.799 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.682 degrees latitude, and -114.84 degrees 
longitude. Cottonwood Creek from a lower point located at 44.623 
degrees latitude, and -114.76 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 44.593 degrees latitude, and -114.679 degrees longitude. 
Deer Creek from a lower point located at 44.548 degrees latitude, and -
114.854 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.568 degrees 
latitude, and -114.881 degrees longitude. East Fork Mayfield Creek from 
a lower point located at 44.539 degrees latitude, and -114.797 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.48 degrees latitude, and -
114.713 degrees longitude. Fir Creek from a lower point located at 
44.656 degrees latitude, and -114.697 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.64 degrees latitude, and -114.685 degrees 
longitude. Indian Creek from a lower point located at 44.692 degrees 
latitude, and -114.754 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.672 degrees latitude, and -114.839 degrees longitude. Jack Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.696 degrees latitude, and -114.76 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.689 degrees latitude, 
and -114.792 degrees longitude. Loon Creek from a lower point located 
at 44.808 degrees latitude, and -114.811 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.444 degrees latitude, and -114.941 degrees 
longitude. Mahoney Creek from a lower point located at 44.638 degrees 
latitude, and -114.609 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.662 degrees latitude, and -114.567 degrees longitude. Mayfield Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.552 degrees latitude, and -114.849 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.539 degrees latitude, 
and -114.797 degrees longitude. McKee Creek from a lower point located 
at 44.591 degrees latitude, and -114.609 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.578 degrees latitude, and -114.649 degrees 
longitude. Nelson Creek from a lower point located at 44.54 degrees 
latitude, and -114.803 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.499 degrees latitude, and -114.804 degrees longitude. Parker Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.623 degrees latitude, and -114.596 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.637 degrees latitude, 
and -114.564 degrees longitude. Pioneer Creek from a lower point 
located at 44.522 degrees latitude, and -114.864 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 44.441 degrees latitude, and -114.894 degrees 
longitude. Rat Creek from a lower point located at 44.588 degrees 
latitude, and -114.825 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.577 degrees latitude, and -114.8 degrees longitude. Rock Creek from 
a lower point located at 44.674 degrees latitude, and -114.74 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.754 degrees latitude, and -
114.67 degrees longitude. Rush Creek from a lower point located at 
44.578 degrees latitude, and -114.613 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.555 degrees latitude, and -114.641 degrees 
longitude. Shell Creek from a lower point located at 44.613 degrees 
latitude, and -114.788 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.632 degrees latitude, and -114.813 degrees longitude. South Fork 
Cottonwood Creek from a lower point located at 44.621 degrees latitude, 
and -114.759 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.584 
degrees latitude, and -114.765 degrees longitude. South Fork Warm 
Spring Creek from a lower point located at 44.578 degrees latitude, and 
-114.551 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.568 degrees 
latitude, and -114.542 degrees longitude. Trail Creek from a lower 
point located at 44.543 degrees latitude, and -114.858 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.506 degrees latitude, and -
114.959 degrees longitude. Trapper Creek from a lower point located at 
44.597 degrees latitude, and -114.602 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.544 degrees latitude, and -114.6 degrees longitude. 
Warm Spring Creek from a lower point located at 44.653 degrees 
latitude, and -114.736 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.609 degrees latitude, and -114.481 degrees longitude. West Fork 
Mayfield Creek from a lower point located at 44.539 degrees latitude, 
and -114.797 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.465 
degrees latitude, and -114.731 degrees longitude. Wickiup Creek from a 
lower point located at 44.607 degrees latitude, and -114.597 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.598 degrees latitude, and -
114.658 degrees longitude.
    (J) Little Loon Creek from a lower point located at 44.731 degrees 
latitude, and -114.94 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.615 degrees latitude, and -114.963 degrees longitude. West Fork 
Little Loon Creek from a lower point located at 44.71 degrees latitude, 
and -114.934 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.666 
degrees latitude, and -114.976 degrees longitude.
    (K) Little Creek from a lower point located at 44.724 degrees 
latitude, and -114.997 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.695 degrees latitude, and -114.98 degrees longitude.
    (L) East Fork Thomas Creek from a lower point located at 44.705 
degrees latitude, and -115.027 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 44.668 degrees latitude, and -115.042 degrees longitude. 
Thomas Creek from a lower point located at 44.715 degrees latitude, and 
-115.011 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.705 degrees 
latitude, and -115.027 degrees longitude. West Fork Thomas Creek from a 
lower point located at 44.705 degrees latitude, and -115.027 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.682 degrees latitude, and -
115.054 degrees longitude.
    (M) Big Cottonwood Creek from a lower point located at 44.912 
degrees latitude, and -115.082 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 44.879 degrees latitude, and -115.206 degrees longitude. 
Buck Creek from a lower point located at 44.896 degrees latitude, and -
115.064 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.929 degrees 
latitude, and -115.002 degrees longitude. Dynamite Creek from a lower 
point located at 44.876 degrees latitude, and -115.057 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.871 degrees latitude, and -
115.207 degrees longitude. Little Cottonwood Creek from a lower point 
located at 44.907 degrees latitude, and -115.073 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 44.942 degrees latitude, and -115.019 degrees 
longitude. Marble Creek from a lower point located at 44.743 degrees 
latitude, and -115.016 degrees longitude to an upper point


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located at 44.983 degrees latitude, and -115.079 degrees longitude. 
Trail Creek from a lower point located at 44.841 degrees latitude, and 
-115.008 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.952 degrees 
latitude, and -114.934 degrees longitude.
    (N) Big Chief Creek from a lower point located at 44.838 degrees 
latitude, and -115.297 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.817 degrees latitude, and -115.368 degrees longitude. Cultus Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.813 degrees latitude, and -115.175 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.781 degrees latitude, 
and -115.21 degrees longitude. Indian Creek from a lower point located 
at 44.77 degrees latitude, and -115.089 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.799 degrees latitude, and -115.389 degrees 
longitude. Little Indian Creek from a lower point located at 44.842 
degrees latitude, and -115.256 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 44.871 degrees latitude, and -115.218 degrees longitude. 
Middle Fork Indian Creek from a lower point located at 44.797 degrees 
latitude, and -115.133 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.856 degrees latitude, and -115.103 degrees longitude. Papoose Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.837 degrees latitude, and -115.245 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.796 degrees latitude, 
and -115.277 degrees longitude.
    (O) Browning Creek from a lower point located at 44.759 degrees 
latitude, and -115.363 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.738 degrees latitude, and -115.406 degrees longitude. Forty-Five 
Creek from a lower point located at 44.718 degrees latitude, and -
115.232 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.665 degrees 
latitude, and -115.308 degrees longitude. Little Pistol Creek from a 
lower point located at 44.721 degrees latitude, and -115.203 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.721 degrees latitude, and -
115.404 degrees longitude. Luger Creek from a lower point located at 
44.686 degrees latitude, and -115.357 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.618 degrees latitude, and -115.395 degrees 
longitude. Pistol Creek from a lower point located at 44.724 degrees 
latitude, and -115.149 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.644 degrees latitude, and -115.442 degrees longitude. Springfield 
Creek from a lower point located at 44.764 degrees latitude, and -
115.312 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.789 degrees 
latitude, and -115.297 degrees longitude. Thirty-Eight Creek from a 
lower point located at 44.673 degrees latitude, and -115.395 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.713 degrees latitude, and -
115.412 degrees longitude. West Fork Springfield Creek from a lower 
point located at 44.786 degrees latitude, and -115.32 degrees longitude 
to an upper point located at 44.78 degrees latitude, and -115.383 
degrees longitude.
    (P) Baldwin Creek from a lower point located at 44.541 degrees 
latitude, and -115.067 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.5 degrees latitude, and -115.105 degrees longitude. Duffield Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.551 degrees latitude, and -115.007 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.571 degrees latitude, 
and -114.93 degrees longitude. Float Creek from a lower point located 
at 44.571 degrees latitude, and -115.071 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.523 degrees latitude, and -115.178 degrees 
longitude. North Fork Sheep Creek from a lower point located at 44.649 
degrees latitude, and -115.017 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 44.648 degrees latitude, and -114.963 degrees longitude. 
Rapid River from a lower point located at 44.68 degrees latitude, and -
115.152 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.551 degrees 
latitude, and -115.007 degrees longitude. Seafoam Creek from a lower 
point located at 44.542 degrees latitude, and -115.064 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.518 degrees latitude, and -
115.118 degrees longitude. Sheep Creek from a lower point located at 
44.647 degrees latitude, and -115.057 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.649 degrees latitude, and -115.017 degrees 
longitude. South Fork Sheep Creek from a lower point located at 44.649 
degrees latitude, and -115.017 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 44.604 degrees latitude, and -115.006 degrees longitude. 
Sulphur Creek from a lower point located at 44.586 degrees latitude, 
and -115.072 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.562 
degrees latitude, and -115.161 degrees longitude. Vanity Creek from a 
lower point located at 44.553 degrees latitude, and -115.061 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.481 degrees latitude, and -
115.076 degrees longitude.
    (Q) Greyhound Creek from a lower point located at 44.648 degrees 
latitude, and -115.167 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.588 degrees latitude, and -115.154 degrees longitude.
    (R) Soldier Creek from a lower point located at 44.626 degrees 
latitude, and -115.212 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.528 degrees latitude, and -115.201 degrees longitude.
    (S) Elkhorn Creek from a lower point located at 44.615 degrees 
latitude, and -115.256 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.582 degrees latitude, and -115.369 degrees longitude. Middle Fork 
Elkhorn Creek from a lower point located at 44.62 degrees latitude, and 
-115.29 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.628 degrees 
latitude, and -115.368 degrees longitude. North Fork Elkhorn Creek from 
a lower point located at 44.625 degrees latitude, and -115.276 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.639 degrees latitude, and -
115.362 degrees longitude.
    (T) North Fork Sulphur Creek from a lower point located at 44.554 
degrees latitude, and -115.439 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 44.597 degrees latitude, and -115.465 degrees longitude. 
Sulphur Creek from a lower point located at 44.555 degrees latitude, 
and -115.297 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.51 
degrees latitude, and -115.518 degrees longitude.
    (U) Dagger Creek from a lower point located at 44.523 degrees 
latitude, and -115.281 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.457 degrees latitude, and -115.373 degrees longitude.
    (V) Banner Creek from a lower point located at 44.356 degrees 
latitude, and -115.208 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.291 degrees latitude, and -115.187 degrees longitude. Bear Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.439 degrees latitude, and -115.1 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.49 degrees latitude, 

and -115.098 degrees longitude. Beaver Creek from a lower point located 
at 44.406 degrees latitude, and -115.17 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.472 degrees latitude, and -114.953 degrees 
longitude. Cape Horn Creek from a lower point located at 44.395 degrees 
latitude, and -115.168 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.333 degrees latitude, and -115.287 degrees longitude. Knapp Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.365 degrees latitude, and -115.131 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.424 degrees latitude, 
and -114.915 degrees longitude. Lola Creek from a lower point located 
at 44.408 degrees latitude, and -115.174 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.391 degrees latitude, and -115.239 degrees 
longitude. Marsh Creek from a lower point located at 44.449 degrees 
latitude, and -115.23 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.329 degrees latitude, and -115.091 degrees longitude. Winnemucca 
Creek from a


[[Page 71389]]


lower point located at 44.436 degrees latitude, and -115.058 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.486 degrees latitude, and -
114.962 degrees longitude.
    (W) Bear Valley Creek from a lower point located at 44.449 degrees 
latitude, and -115.23 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.236 degrees latitude, and -115.499 degrees longitude. Bearskin Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.415 degrees latitude, and -115.466 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.331 degrees latitude, 
and -115.528 degrees longitude. Cache Creek from a lower point located 
at 44.346 degrees latitude, and -115.419 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.263 degrees latitude, and -115.402 degrees 
longitude. Casner Creek from a lower point located at 44.295 degrees 
latitude, and -115.484 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.281 degrees latitude, and -115.451 degrees longitude. Cold Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.425 degrees latitude, and -115.311 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.371 degrees latitude, 
and -115.317 degrees longitude. Cook Creek from a lower point located 
at 44.409 degrees latitude, and -115.377 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.373 degrees latitude, and -115.444 degrees 
longitude. Cub Creek from a lower point located at 44.324 degrees 
latitude, and -115.473 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.32 degrees latitude, and -115.517 degrees longitude. East Fork Elk 
Creek from a lower point located at 44.485 degrees latitude, and -
115.452 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.481 degrees 
latitude, and -115.359 degrees longitude. Elk Creek from a lower point 
located at 44.411 degrees latitude, and -115.372 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 44.485 degrees latitude, and -115.452 degrees 
longitude. Fir Creek from a lower point located at 44.428 degrees 
latitude, and -115.29 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.344 degrees latitude, and -115.298 degrees longitude. Little Beaver 
Creek from a lower point located at 44.41 degrees latitude, and -
115.491 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.445 degrees 
latitude, and -115.527 degrees longitude. Little East Fork Elk Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.465 degrees latitude, and -115.445 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.48 degrees latitude, 
and -115.397 degrees longitude. North Fork Elk Creek from a lower point 
located at 44.485 degrees latitude, and -115.452 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 44.527 degrees latitude, and -115.458 degrees 
longitude. Poker Creek from a lower point located at 44.429 degrees 
latitude, and -115.334 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.446 degrees latitude, and -115.366 degrees longitude. Pole Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.386 degrees latitude, and -115.379 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.361 degrees latitude, 
and -115.366 degrees longitude. Porter Creek from a lower point located 
at 44.457 degrees latitude, and -115.45 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.47 degrees latitude, and -115.54 degrees longitude. 
Sack Creek from a lower point located at 44.359 degrees latitude, and -
115.407 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.32 degrees 
latitude, and -115.351 degrees longitude. Sheep Trail Creek from a 
lower point located at 44.337 degrees latitude, and -115.447 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.36 degrees latitude, and -
115.451 degrees longitude. Unnamed creek off Bear Valley Creek from a 
lower point located at 44.429 degrees latitude, and -115.34 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.443 degrees latitude, and -
115.358 degrees longitude. Unnamed creek off Cache Creek from a lower 
point located at 44.315 degrees latitude, and -115.423 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.306 degrees latitude, and -
115.389 degrees longitude. West Fork Elk Creek from a lower point 
located at 44.479 degrees latitude, and -115.457 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 44.48 degrees latitude, and -115.52 degrees 
longitude. Wyoming Creek from a lower point located at 44.426 degrees 
latitude, and -115.321 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.355 degrees latitude, and -115.341 degrees longitude.
    (v) Critical Habitat Subunit--Middle Salmon--Panther.
    (A) Salmon River from a lower point located at 45.454 degrees 
latitude, and -114.931 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.692 degrees latitude, and -114.049 degrees longitude.
    (B) Cayuse Creek from a lower point located at 45.474 degrees 
latitude, and -114.568 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.5 degrees latitude, and -114.602 degrees longitude. Horse Creek from 
a lower point located at 45.395 degrees latitude, and -114.732 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 45.475 degrees latitude, and -
114.401 degrees longitude. Woods Fork Horse Creek from a lower point 
located at 45.506 degrees latitude, and -114.459 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 45.535 degrees latitude, and -114.442 degrees 
longitude.
    (C) Owl Creek from a lower point located at 45.318 degrees 
latitude, and -114.447 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.474 degrees latitude, and -114.382 degrees longitude.
    (D) Arnett Creek from a lower point located at 45.205 degrees 
latitude, and -114.133 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.266 degrees latitude, and -114.2 degrees longitude. Beaver Creek 
from a lower point located at 45.274 degrees latitude, and -114.334 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.272 degrees latitude, 
and -114.185 degrees longitude. Clear Creek from a lower point located 
at 45.295 degrees latitude, and -114.351 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 45.146 degrees latitude, and -114.578 degrees 
longitude. Deep Creek from a lower point located at 45.126 degrees 
latitude, and -114.215 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.018 degrees latitude, and -114.097 degrees longitude. Fourth of July 
Creek from a lower point located at 44.986 degrees latitude, and -
114.346 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.996 degrees 
latitude, and -114.408 degrees longitude. Little Deep Creek from a 
lower point located at 45.108 degrees latitude, and -114.179 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 45.001 degrees latitude, and -
114.162 degrees longitude. Moccasin Creek from a lower point located at 
45.153 degrees latitude, and -114.171 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 45.088 degrees latitude, and -114.089 degrees 
longitude. Musgrove Creek from a lower point located at 45.022 degrees 
latitude, and -114.313 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.097 degrees latitude, and -114.47 degrees longitude. Napias Creek 
from a lower point located at 45.137 degrees latitude, and -114.217 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.244 degrees latitude, 
and -114.023 degrees longitude. Opal Creek from a lower point located 
at 44.896 degrees latitude, and -114.314 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.901 degrees latitude, and -114.282 degrees 
longitude. Otter Creek from a lower point located at 44.861 degrees 
latitude, and -114.29 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.869 degrees latitude, and -114.248 degrees longitude. Panther Creek 
from a lower point located at 45.316 degrees latitude, and -114.405 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.829 degrees latitude, 
and -114.294 degrees longitude. Phelan Creek from a lower point located 
at 45.167 degrees latitude, and -114.16 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 45.146 degrees latitude, and -114.041 degrees


[[Page 71390]]


longitude. Porphyry Creek from a lower point located at 45.004 degrees 
latitude, and -114.333 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.069 degrees latitude, and -114.433 degrees longitude. Rapps Creek 
from a lower point located at 45.213 degrees latitude, and -114.163 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.268 degrees latitude, 
and -114.171 degrees longitude. South Fork Porphyry Creek from a lower 
point located at 45.033 degrees latitude, and -114.387 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 45.038 degrees latitude, and -
114.427 degrees longitude. Trail Creek from a lower point located at 
45.25 degrees latitude, and -114.319 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 45.215 degrees latitude, and -114.233 degrees 
longitude. Unnamed creek off Deep Creek from a lower point located at 
45.064 degrees latitude, and -114.121 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 45.08 degrees latitude, and -114.091 degrees 
longitude. Weasel Creek from a lower point located at 44.887 degrees 
latitude, and -114.305 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.888 degrees latitude, and -114.272 degrees longitude. West Fork 
Blackbird Creek from a lower point located at 45.093 degrees latitude, 
and -114.3 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.11 degrees 
latitude, and -114.399 degrees longitude. Woodtick Creek from a lower 
point located at 45.046 degrees latitude, and -114.282 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.973 degrees latitude, and -
114.191 degrees longitude.
    (E) Pine Creek from a lower point located at 45.364 degrees 
latitude, and -114.3 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.282 degrees latitude, and -114.167 degrees longitude.
    (F) Boulder Creek from a lower point located at 45.376 degrees 
latitude, and -114.276 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.46 degrees latitude, and -114.348 degrees longitude.
    (G) Spring Creek from a lower point located at 45.391 degrees 
latitude, and -114.255 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.449 degrees latitude, and -114.337 degrees longitude.
    (H) Squaw Creek from a lower point located at 45.399 degrees 
latitude, and -114.168 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.504 degrees latitude, and -114.257 degrees longitude.
    (I) Corral Creek from a lower point located at 45.498 degrees 
latitude, and -114.146 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.545 degrees latitude, and -114.111 degrees longitude. Indian Creek 
from a lower point located at 45.4 degrees latitude, and -114.167 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.552 degrees latitude, 
and -114.144 degrees longitude. McConn Creek from a lower point located 
at 45.504 degrees latitude, and -114.152 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 45.527 degrees latitude, and -114.242 degrees 
longitude. West Fork Indian Creek from a lower point located at 45.475 
degrees latitude, and -114.138 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 45.489 degrees latitude, and -114.198 degrees longitude.
    (J) Dahlonega Creek from a lower point located at 45.541 degrees 
latitude, and -113.929 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.524 degrees latitude, and -113.836 degrees longitude. Hughes Creek 
from a lower point located at 45.476 degrees latitude, and -113.988 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.582 degrees latitude, 
and -114.12 degrees longitude. Moose Creek from a lower point located 
at 45.654 degrees latitude, and -113.97 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 45.691 degrees latitude, and -113.944 degrees 
longitude. North Fork Salmon River from a lower point located at 45.405 
degrees latitude, and -113.994 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 45.702 degrees latitude, and -113.989 degrees longitude. 
North Fork Sheep Creek from a lower point located at 45.482 degrees 
latitude, and -113.836 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.483 degrees latitude, and -113.774 degrees longitude. Pierce Creek 
from a lower point located at 45.621 degrees latitude, and -113.963 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.67 degrees latitude, 
and -113.932 degrees longitude. Sheep Creek from a lower point located 
at 45.504 degrees latitude, and -113.953 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 45.482 degrees latitude, and -113.836 degrees 
longitude. South Fork Sheep Creek from a lower point located at 45.482 
degrees latitude, and -113.836 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 45.449 degrees latitude, and -113.8 degrees longitude. Twin 
Creek from a lower point located at 45.608 degrees latitude, and -
113.964 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.591 degrees 
latitude, and -114.081 degrees longitude. Vine Creek from a lower point 
located at 45.611 degrees latitude, and -113.966 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 45.638 degrees latitude, and -114 degrees 
longitude. West Fork North Fork Salmon River from a lower point located 
at 45.654 degrees latitude, and -113.97 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 45.667 degrees latitude, and -114.002 degrees 
longitude.
    (K) Fourth of July Creek from a lower point located at 45.364 
degrees latitude, and -113.943 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 45.427 degrees latitude, and -113.773 degrees longitude.
    (L) Carmen Creek from a lower point located at 45.25 degrees 
latitude, and -113.899 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.39 degrees latitude, and -113.737 degrees longitude. Freeman Creek 
from a lower point located at 45.279 degrees latitude, and -113.815 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.276 degrees latitude, 
and -113.686 degrees longitude.
    (M) South Fork Williams Creek from a lower point located at 45.077 
degrees latitude, and -114.013 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 45.038 degrees latitude, and -114.086 degrees longitude. 
Williams Creek from a lower point located at 45.081 degrees latitude, 
and -113.899 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.077 
degrees latitude, and -114.013 degrees longitude.
    (N) Twelvemile Creek from a lower point located at 45.011 degrees 
latitude, and -113.932 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.929 degrees latitude, and -113.851 degrees longitude.
    (O) Iron Creek from a lower point located at 44.887 degrees 
latitude, and -113.968 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.908 degrees latitude, and -114.192 degrees longitude. North Fork 
Iron Creek from a lower point located at 44.921 degrees latitude, and -
114.109 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.007 degrees 
latitude, and -114.096 degrees longitude. South Fork Iron Creek from a 
lower point located at 44.92 degrees latitude, and -114.113 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.906 degrees latitude, and -
114.158 degrees longitude. West Fork Iron Creek from a lower point 
located at 44.921 degrees latitude, and -114.124 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 44.961 degrees latitude, and -114.186 degrees 
longitude.
    (P) McKim Creek from a lower point located at 44.81 degrees 
latitude, and -114.009 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.816 degrees latitude, and -113.901 degrees longitude. North Fork 
McKim Creek from a lower point located at 44.81 degrees latitude, and -
113.965 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.821 degrees 
latitude, and -113.871 degrees longitude.
    (Q) Big Hat Creek from a lower point located at 44.821 degrees 
latitude, and -114.091 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.819 degrees latitude, and -114.166 degrees longitude. Hat Creek from 
a lower point located at


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44.795 degrees latitude, and -114.001 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.869 degrees latitude, and -114.132 degrees 
longitude. Middle Fork Hat Creek from a lower point located at 44.869 
degrees latitude, and -114.132 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 44.882 degrees latitude, and -114.201 degrees longitude. 
North Fork Hat Creek from a lower point located at 44.869 degrees 
latitude, and -114.132 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.894 degrees latitude, and -114.199 degrees longitude.
    (R) Allison Creek from a lower point located at 44.771 degrees 
latitude, and -113.997 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.782 degrees latitude, and -113.879 degrees longitude.
    (S) Cow Creek from a lower point located at 44.736 degrees 
latitude, and -114.003 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.738 degrees latitude, and -113.853 degrees longitude.
    (vi) Critical Habitat Subunit--Lemhi River.
    (A) Lemhi River from a lower point located at 45.188 degrees 
latitude, and -113.889 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.682 degrees latitude, and -113.355 degrees longitude.
    (B) Geertson Creek from a lower point located at 45.132 degrees 
latitude, and -113.769 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.239 degrees latitude, and -113.665 degrees longitude.
    (C) Bohannon Creek from a lower point located at 45.112 degrees 
latitude, and -113.746 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.229 degrees latitude, and -113.667 degrees longitude.
    (D) East Fork Kenney Creek from a lower point located at 45.066 
degrees latitude, and -113.573 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 45.075 degrees latitude, and -113.495 degrees longitude. 
Kenney Creek from a lower point located at 45.032 degrees latitude, and 
-113.662 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.11 degrees 
latitude, and -113.513 degrees longitude.
    (E) Pattee Creek from a lower point located at 44.98 degrees 
latitude, and -113.643 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.046 degrees latitude, and -113.477 degrees longitude.
    (F) Bear Valley Creek from a lower point located at 44.772 degrees 
latitude, and -113.707 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.804 degrees latitude, and -113.866 degrees longitude. Bray Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.706 degrees latitude, and -113.768 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.675 degrees latitude, 
and -113.813 degrees longitude. Cooper Creek from a lower point located 
at 44.726 degrees latitude, and -113.725 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.675 degrees latitude, and -113.702 degrees 
longitude. Deer Creek from a lower point located at 44.793 degrees 
latitude, and -113.777 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.776 degrees latitude, and -113.809 degrees longitude. East Fork 
Hayden Creek from a lower point located at 44.76 degrees latitude, and 
-113.711 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.664 degrees 
latitude, and -113.683 degrees longitude. Hayden Creek from a lower 
point located at 44.869 degrees latitude, and -113.626 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.722 degrees latitude, and -
113.819 degrees longitude. Kadletz Creek from a lower point located at 
44.775 degrees latitude, and -113.742 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.74 degrees latitude, and -113.819 degrees 
longitude. Short Creek from a lower point located at 44.788 degrees 
latitude, and -113.767 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.773 degrees latitude, and -113.796 degrees longitude. West Fork 
Hayden Creek from a lower point located at 44.705 degrees latitude, and 
-113.756 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.706 degrees 
latitude, and -113.768 degrees longitude. Wright Creek from a lower 
point located at 44.784 degrees latitude, and -113.754 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.746 degrees latitude, and -
113.836 degrees longitude.
    (G) Mill Creek from a lower point located at 44.767 degrees 
latitude, and -113.518 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.656 degrees latitude, and -113.656 degrees longitude.
    (H) Big Springs Creek from a lower point located at 44.689 degrees 
latitude, and -113.369 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.758 degrees latitude, and -113.5 degrees longitude.
    (I) Little Eightmile Creek from a lower point located at 44.739 
degrees latitude, and -113.459 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 44.823 degrees latitude, and -113.365 degrees longitude.
    (J) Big Eightmile Creek from a lower point located at 44.739 
degrees latitude, and -113.459 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 44.561 degrees latitude, and -113.562 degrees longitude. 
Dairy Creek from a lower point located at 44.637 degrees latitude, and 
-113.552 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.62 degrees 
latitude, and -113.593 degrees longitude.
    (K) Big Timber Creek from a lower point located at 44.7 degrees 
latitude, and -113.374 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.509 degrees latitude, and -113.538 degrees longitude. Little Timber 
Creek from a lower point located at 44.642 degrees latitude, and -
113.383 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.606 degrees 
latitude, and -113.444 degrees longitude. Middle Fork Little Timber 
Creek from a lower point located at 44.606 degrees latitude, and -
113.444 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.551 degrees 
latitude, and -113.53 degrees longitude.
    (L) Canyon Creek from a lower point located at 44.692 degrees 
latitude, and -113.366 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.799 degrees latitude, and -113.29 degrees longitude. Cruikshank 
Creek from a lower point located at 44.759 degrees latitude, and -
113.259 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.771 degrees 
latitude, and -113.134 degrees longitude. Hood Gulch Springs 1 from a 
lower point located at 44.769 degrees latitude, and -113.251 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.781 degrees latitude, and -
113.336 degrees longitude. Hood Gulch Springs 2 from a lower point 
located at 44.78 degrees latitude, and -113.279 degrees longitude to an 
upper point located at 44.752 degrees latitude, and -113.317 degrees 
longitude. Hood Gulch Springs 3 from a lower point located at 44.777 
degrees latitude, and -113.282 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 44.777 degrees latitude, and -113.323 degrees longitude. 
Hood Gulch Springs 4 from a lower point located at 44.768 degrees 
latitude, and -113.296 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.764 degrees latitude, and -113.325 degrees longitude.
    (M) Big Bear Creek from a lower point located at 44.677 degrees 
latitude, and -113.159 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.642 degrees latitude, and -113.065 degrees longitude. Deer Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.52 degrees latitude, and -113.286 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.452 degrees latitude, 
and -113.342 degrees longitude. Eighteenmile Creek from a lower point 
located at 44.682 degrees latitude, and -113.355 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 44.447 degrees latitude, and -113.008 degrees 
longitude. Hawley Creek from a lower point located at 44.667 degrees 
latitude, and -113.323 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.677 degrees latitude, and -113.159 degrees longitude. Meadow Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.663 degrees latitude, and -113.104 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.678 degrees latitude, 
and -113.079 degrees longitude.


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Reservoir Creek from a lower point located at 44.677 degrees latitude, 
and -113.159 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.745 
degrees latitude, and -113.126 degrees longitude.
    (vii) Critical Habitat Subunit--Opal Lake.
    (A) Opal Creek from a lower point located at 44.898 degrees 
latitude, and -114.277 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.876 degrees latitude, and -114.251 degrees longitude. Opal Lake 
centered at 44.899 degrees latitude, and -114.281 degrees longitude.
    (B) [Reserved]
    (viii) Critical Habitat Subunit--Lake Creek.
    (A) Lake Creek from a lower point located at 45.017 degrees 
latitude, and -113.988 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.986 degrees latitude, and -114.08 degrees longitude. North Fork Lake 
Creek from a lower point located at 45.009 degrees latitude, and -
114.016 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 45.015 degrees 
latitude, and -114.068 degrees longitude. Williams Lake centered at 
45.016 degrees latitude, and -113.975 degrees longitude.
    (B) [Reserved]
    (ix) Critical Habitat Subunit--Pahsimeroi River.
    (A) Pahsimeroi River from a lower point located at 44.692 degrees 
latitude, and -114.049 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.157 degrees latitude, and -113.703 degrees longitude.
    (B) East Fork Morgan Creek from a lower point located at 44.675 
degrees latitude, and -113.899 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 44.67 degrees latitude, and -113.828 degrees longitude. 
Morgan Creek from a lower point located at 44.618 degrees latitude, and 
-113.963 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.675 degrees 
latitude, and -113.899 degrees longitude. North Fork Morgan Creek from 
a lower point located at 44.675 degrees latitude, and -113.899 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.71 degrees latitude, and -
113.829 degrees longitude.
    (C) Tater Creek from a lower point located at 44.633 degrees 
latitude, and -113.902 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.661 degrees latitude, and -113.839 degrees longitude.
    (D) Morse Creek from a lower point located at 44.569 degrees 
latitude, and -113.885 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.654 degrees latitude, and -113.709 degrees longitude.
    (E) Falls Creek from a lower point located at 44.566 degrees 
latitude, and -113.878 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.611 degrees latitude, and -113.684 degrees longitude.
    (F) Inyo Creek from a lower point located at 44.535 degrees 
latitude, and -113.683 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.532 degrees latitude, and -113.627 degrees longitude. Patterson 
Creek from a lower point located at 44.614 degrees latitude, and -
113.966 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.636 degrees 
latitude, and -113.653 degrees longitude.
    (G) Big Creek from a lower point located at 44.442 degrees 
latitude, and -113.6 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.495 degrees latitude, and -113.818 degrees longitude. North Fork Big 
Creek from a lower point located at 44.442 degrees latitude, and -113.6 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.552 degrees latitude, 
and -113.593 degrees longitude. South Fork Big Creek from a lower point 
located at 44.442 degrees latitude, and -113.6 degrees longitude to an 
upper point located at 44.385 degrees latitude, and -113.476 degrees 
longitude.
    (H) Big Gulch from a lower point located at 44.354 degrees 
latitude, and -113.58 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.374 degrees latitude, and -113.483 degrees longitude. Ditch Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.354 degrees latitude, and -113.58 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.4 degrees latitude, 
and -113.558 degrees longitude. Goldberg Creek from a lower point 
located at 44.485 degrees latitude, and -113.815 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 44.354 degrees latitude, and -113.58 degrees 
longitude.
    (I) Burnt Creek from a lower point located at 44.284 degrees 
latitude, and -113.652 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.149 degrees latitude, and -113.632 degrees longitude. East Fork 
Burnt Creek from a lower point located at 44.149 degrees latitude, and 
-113.632 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.12 degrees 
latitude, and -113.624 degrees longitude.
    (J) Mahogany Creek from a lower point located at 44.208 degrees 
latitude, and -113.701 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.159 degrees latitude, and -113.767 degrees longitude.
    (K) West Fork Pahsimeroi River from a lower point located at 44.157 
degrees latitude, and -113.703 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 44.092 degrees latitude, and -113.749 degrees longitude.
    (L) East Fork Pahsimeroi River from a lower point located at 44.157 
degrees latitude, and -113.703 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 44.081 degrees latitude, and -113.72 degrees longitude.
    (x) Critical Habitat Subunit--Upper Salmon River.
    (A) Salmon River from a lower point located at 44.692 degrees 
latitude, and -114.049 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
43.797 degrees latitude, and -114.774 degrees longitude.
    (B) Alder Creek from a lower point located at 44.803 degrees 
latitude, and -114.256 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.805 degrees latitude, and -114.308 degrees longitude. Corral Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.779 degrees latitude, and -114.248 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.876 degrees latitude, 
and -114.219 degrees longitude. Lick Creek from a lower point located 
at 44.722 degrees latitude, and -114.271 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.775 degrees latitude, and -114.347 degrees 
longitude. Morgan Creek from a lower point located at 44.612 degrees 
latitude, and -114.168 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.846 degrees latitude, and -114.261 degrees longitude. Unnamed creek 
off Corral Creek from a lower point located at 44.805 degrees latitude, 
and -114.224 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.84 
degrees latitude, and -114.198 degrees longitude. Van Horn Creek from a 
lower point located at 44.757 degrees latitude, and -114.256 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.786 degrees latitude, and -
114.337 degrees longitude. West Fork Morgan Creek from a lower point 
located at 44.681 degrees latitude, and -114.243 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 44.734 degrees latitude, and -114.393 degrees 
longitude.
    (C) Bear Creek from a lower point located at 44.569 degrees 
latitude, and -114.361 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.597 degrees latitude, and -114.462 degrees longitude. Challis Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.57 degrees latitude, and -114.186 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.552 degrees latitude, 
and -114.511 degrees longitude. Lodgepole Creek from a lower point 
located at 44.54 degrees latitude, and -114.408 degrees longitude to an 
upper point located at 44.555 degrees latitude, and -114.474 degrees 
longitude. Mill Creek from a lower point located at 44.561 degrees 
latitude, and -114.274 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.47 degrees latitude, and -114.492 degrees longitude.
    (D) Garden Creek from a lower point located at 44.509 degrees 
latitude, and -114.191 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.431 degrees latitude, and -114.427 degrees longitude.


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    (E) Big Boulder Creek from a lower point located at 44.118 degrees 
latitude, and -114.428 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.097 degrees latitude, and -114.612 degrees longitude. Bowery Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.032 degrees latitude, and -114.46 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.012 degrees latitude, 
and -114.389 degrees longitude. Chamberlain Creek from a lower point 
located at 44.004 degrees latitude, and -114.53 degrees longitude to an 
upper point located at 44.037 degrees latitude, and -114.609 degrees 
longitude. East Fork Herd Creek from a lower point located at 44.058 
degrees latitude, and -114.233 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 43.984 degrees latitude, and -114.203 degrees longitude. 
East Fork Salmon River from a lower point located at 44.268 degrees 
latitude, and -114.326 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
43.929 degrees latitude, and -114.554 degrees longitude. East Pass 
Creek from a lower point located at 44.076 degrees latitude, and -
114.244 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.05 degrees 
latitude, and -114.276 degrees longitude. Germania Creek from a lower 
point located at 44.039 degrees latitude, and -114.461 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 43.968 degrees latitude, and -
114.703 degrees longitude. Herd Creek from a lower point located at 
44.154 degrees latitude, and -114.3 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 44.058 degrees latitude, and -114.233 degrees longitude. 
Ibex Creek from a lower point located at 43.953 degrees latitude, and -
114.525 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 43.908 degrees 
latitude, and -114.492 degrees longitude. Little Boulder Creek from a 
lower point located at 44.099 degrees latitude, and -114.442 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.065 degrees latitude, and -
114.542 degrees longitude. Long Tom Creek from a lower point located at 
44.027 degrees latitude, and -114.429 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 43.978 degrees latitude, and -114.401 degrees 
longitude. Meridian Creek from a lower point located at 44.011 degrees 
latitude, and -114.251 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
43.988 degrees latitude, and -114.256 degrees longitude. North Fork 
Bowery Creek from a lower point located at 44.032 degrees latitude, and 
-114.4 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.049 degrees 
latitude, and -114.365 degrees longitude. Roaring Creek from a lower 
point located at 43.978 degrees latitude, and -114.473 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 43.939 degrees latitude, and -
114.485 degrees longitude. South Fork East Fork Salmon River from a 
lower point located at 43.929 degrees latitude, and -114.554 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 43.848 degrees latitude, and -
114.566 degrees longitude. West Fork East Fork Salmon River from a 
lower point located at 43.929 degrees latitude, and -114.554 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 43.919 degrees latitude, and -
114.655 degrees longitude. West Fork Herd Creek from a lower point 
located at 44.058 degrees latitude, and -114.233 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 43.99 degrees latitude, and -114.224 degrees 
longitude. West Pass Creek from a lower point located at 43.988 degrees 
latitude, and -114.49 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
43.893 degrees latitude, and -114.418 degrees longitude. Wickiup Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.072 degrees latitude, and -114.458 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.033 degrees latitude, 
and -114.565 degrees longitude.
    (F) Kinnikinic Creek from a lower point located at 44.258 degrees 
latitude, and -114.401 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.367 degrees latitude, and -114.396 degrees longitude.
    (G) Martin Creek from a lower point located at 44.387 degrees 
latitude, and -114.494 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.426 degrees latitude, and -114.563 degrees longitude. Squaw Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.249 degrees latitude, and -114.454 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.456 degrees latitude, 
and -114.503 degrees longitude. Willow Creek from a lower point located 
at 44.428 degrees latitude, and -114.489 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.447 degrees latitude, and -114.445 degrees 
longitude.
    (H) Thompson Creek from a lower point located at 44.25 degrees 
latitude, and -114.516 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.378 degrees latitude, and -114.596 degrees longitude.
    (I) Livingston Creek from a lower point located at 44.194 degrees 
latitude, and -114.603 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.144 degrees latitude, and -114.608 degrees longitude. Silver Rule 
Creek from a lower point located at 44.207 degrees latitude, and -
114.597 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.146 degrees 
latitude, and -114.581 degrees longitude. Slate Creek from a lower 
point located at 44.256 degrees latitude, and -114.563 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.155 degrees latitude, and -
114.629 degrees longitude.
    (J) Martin Creek from a lower point located at 44.137 degrees 
latitude, and -114.724 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.117 degrees latitude, and -114.797 degrees longitude. Pigtail Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.129 degrees latitude, and -114.726 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.122 degrees latitude, 
and -114.735 degrees longitude. Warm Springs Creek from a lower point 
located at 44.254 degrees latitude, and -114.675 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 44.059 degrees latitude, and -114.613 degrees 
longitude.
    (K) Cabin Creek from a lower point located at 44.397 degrees 
latitude, and -114.827 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.419 degrees latitude, and -114.901 degrees longitude. Deadwood Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.376 degrees latitude, and -114.776 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.349 degrees latitude, 
and -114.835 degrees longitude. Eightmile Creek from a lower point 
located at 44.426 degrees latitude, and -114.619 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 44.471 degrees latitude, and -114.715 degrees 
longitude. Elevenmile Creek from a lower point located at 44.467 
degrees latitude, and -114.579 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 44.436 degrees latitude, and -114.544 degrees longitude. 
Elevenmile Creek from a lower point located at 44.405 degrees latitude, 
and -114.654 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.355 
degrees latitude, and -114.615 degrees longitude. Jordan Creek from a 
lower point located at 44.379 degrees latitude, and -114.72 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.469 degrees latitude, and -
114.77 degrees longitude. Lightning Creek from a lower point located at 
44.388 degrees latitude, and -114.795 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.466 degrees latitude, and -114.787 degrees 
longitude. McKay Creek from a lower point located at 44.489 degrees 
latitude, and -114.55 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.475 degrees latitude, and -114.491 degrees longitude. Ninemile Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.445 degrees latitude, and -114.604 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.414 degrees latitude, 
and -114.582 degrees longitude. Sixmile Creek from a lower point 
located at 44.413 degrees latitude, and -114.637 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 44.385 degrees latitude, and -114.595 degrees 
longitude. Tenmile Creek from a lower point located at


[[Page 71394]]


44.465 degrees latitude, and -114.581 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.484 degrees latitude, and -114.646 degrees 
longitude. Twelvemile Creek from a lower point located at 44.478 
degrees latitude, and -114.564 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 44.497 degrees latitude, and -114.614 degrees longitude. 
Unnamed creek off McKay Creek from a lower point located at 44.477 
degrees latitude, and -114.525 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 44.445 degrees latitude, and -114.525 degrees longitude. 
West Fork Yankee Fork from a lower point located at 44.351 degrees 
latitude, and -114.727 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.388 degrees latitude, and -114.932 degrees longitude. Yankee Fork 
from a lower point located at 44.27 degrees latitude, and -114.734 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.51 degrees latitude, 
and -114.588 degrees longitude.
    (L) Basin Creek from a lower point located at 44.264 degrees 
latitude, and -114.817 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.368 degrees latitude, and -114.942 degrees longitude. East Basin 
Creek from a lower point located at 44.277 degrees latitude, and -
114.849 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.343 degrees 
latitude, and -114.79 degrees longitude. Short Creek from a lower point 
located at 44.291 degrees latitude, and -114.871 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 44.313 degrees latitude, and -114.855 degrees 
longitude. Sunday Creek from a lower point located at 44.349 degrees 
latitude, and -114.905 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.341 degrees latitude, and -114.969 degrees longitude. Unnamed creek 
off East Basin Creek from a lower point located at 44.32 degrees 
latitude, and -114.817 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.344 degrees latitude, and -114.823 degrees longitude.
    (M) Crooked Creek from a lower point located at 44.237 degrees 
latitude, and -114.994 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.203 degrees latitude, and -115.044 degrees longitude. East Fork 
Valley Creek from a lower point located at 44.358 degrees latitude, and 
-115.048 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.327 degrees 
latitude, and -114.987 degrees longitude. Elk Creek from a lower point 
located at 44.293 degrees latitude, and -115.023 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 44.196 degrees latitude, and -115.133 degrees 
longitude. Goat Creek from a lower point located at 44.219 degrees 
latitude, and -114.942 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.179 degrees latitude, and -115.008 degrees longitude. Iron Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.223 degrees latitude, and -114.947 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.189 degrees latitude, 
and -115.047 degrees longitude. Job Creek from a lower point located at 
44.243 degrees latitude, and -115.001 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.243 degrees latitude, and -115.003 degrees 
longitude. Meadow Creek from a lower point located at 44.306 degrees 
latitude, and -115.052 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.316 degrees latitude, and -115.088 degrees longitude. Prospect Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.394 degrees latitude, and -114.985 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.357 degrees latitude, 
and -114.984 degrees longitude. Trap Creek from a lower point located 
at 44.316 degrees latitude, and -115.088 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.29 degrees latitude, and -115.162 degrees 
longitude. Valley Creek from a lower point located at 44.225 degrees 
latitude, and -114.927 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.377 degrees latitude, and -114.96 degrees longitude.
    (N) Fishhook Creek from a lower point located at 44.143 degrees 
latitude, and -114.92 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.133 degrees latitude, and -114.981 degrees longitude. Little Redfish 
Lake centered at 44.161 degrees latitude, and -114.908 degrees 
longitude. Redfish Lake centered at 44.117 degrees latitude, and -
114.931 degrees longitude. Redfish Lake Creek from a lower point 
located at 44.169 degrees latitude, and -114.898 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 44.1 degrees latitude, and -114.955 degrees 
longitude.
    (O) Fourth of July Creek from a lower point located at 44.032 
degrees latitude, and -114.836 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 44.044 degrees latitude, and -114.62 degrees longitude.
    (P) Alpine Creek from a lower point located at 43.896 degrees 
latitude, and -114.907 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
43.93 degrees latitude, and -114.969 degrees longitude. Alturas Lake 
centered at 43.914 degrees latitude, and -114.86 degrees longitude. 
Alturas Lake Creek from a lower point located at 44.004 degrees 
latitude, and -114.836 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
43.859 degrees latitude, and -114.983 degrees longitude. Cabin Creek 
from a lower point located at 43.928 degrees latitude, and -114.842 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 43.929 degrees latitude, 
and -114.879 degrees longitude. Petit Lake centered at 43.98 degrees 
latitude, and -114.878 degrees longitude. Pettit Lake Creek from a 
lower point located at 43.988 degrees latitude, and -114.84 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 43.961 degrees latitude, and -
114.916 degrees longitude. Pole Creek from a lower point located at 
43.926 degrees latitude, and -114.809 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 43.964 degrees latitude, and -114.69 degrees 
longitude. Yellowbelly Creek from a lower point located at 43.992 
degrees latitude, and -114.838 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 43.981 degrees latitude, and -114.927 degrees longitude. 
Yellowbelly Lake centered at 44.001 degrees latitude, and -114.875 
degrees longitude.
    (Q) Beaver Creek from a lower point located at 43.925 degrees 
latitude, and -114.809 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
43.836 degrees latitude, and -114.906 degrees longitude.
    (R) Smiley Creek from a lower point located at 43.915 degrees 
latitude, and -114.8 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
43.792 degrees latitude, and -114.824 degrees longitude.
    (S) Frenchman Creek from a lower point located at 43.885 degrees 
latitude, and -114.77 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
43.804 degrees latitude, and -114.816 degrees longitude.


    Note: Maps follow for Unit 16, Subunit i; Subunit ii; Subunit 
iii; Subunit iv (North and East Portion); Subunit iv (South and West 
Portion); Subunit v; Subunit vi; Subunits vii and viii; Subunit ix; 
Subunit x (North Portion); and Subunit x (South Portion).


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    (21) Unit 17--Southwest Idaho River Basins.
    (i) Critical Habitat Subunit--Anderson Ranch.
    (A) Anderson Ranch Reservoir centered at 43.394 degrees latitude, 
and -115.39 degrees longitude. Dog Creek from a lower point located at 
43.53 degrees latitude, and -115.299 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 43.564 degrees latitude, and -115.379 degrees 
longitude. South Fork Boise River from a lower point located at 43.335 
degrees latitude, and -115.536 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 43.774 degrees latitude, and -114.928 degrees longitude.
    (B) Feather River from a lower point located at 43.607 degrees 
latitude, and -115.262 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
43.678 degrees latitude, and -115.264 degrees longitude.
    (C) East Fork Elk Creek from a lower point located at 43.709 
degrees latitude, and -115.253 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 43.742 degrees latitude, and -115.231 degrees longitude. Elk 
Creek from a lower point located at 43.678 degrees latitude, and -
115.264 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 43.751 degrees 
latitude, and -115.306 degrees longitude.
    (D) Willow Creek from a lower point located at 43.605 degrees 
latitude, and -115.143 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
43.725 degrees latitude, and -115.022 degrees longitude.
    (E) Big Water Gulch from a lower point located at 43.604 degrees 
latitude, and -115.107 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
43.665 degrees latitude, and -115.042 degrees longitude.
    (F) Deadwood Creek from a lower point located at 43.586 degrees 
latitude, and -115.007 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
43.532 degrees latitude, and -115.015 degrees longitude.
    (G) Burnt Log Creek from a lower point located at 43.643 degrees 
latitude, and -114.969 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
43.646 degrees latitude, and -115.016 degrees longitude. East Fork 
Skeleton Creek from a lower point located at 43.658 degrees latitude, 
and -114.998 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 43.685 
degrees latitude, and -115.018 degrees longitude. Skeleton Creek from a 
lower point located at 43.589 degrees latitude, and -115.021 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 43.694 degrees latitude, and -
114.986 degrees longitude. West Fork Skeleton Creek from a lower point 
located at 43.651 degrees latitude, and -114.973 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 43.672 degrees latitude, and -115.026 degrees 
longitude.
    (H) Boardman Creek from a lower point located at 43.612 degrees 
latitude, and -114.939 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
43.525 degrees latitude, and -115.018 degrees longitude. Smokey Dome 
Canyon from a lower point located at 43.547 degrees latitude, and -
114.955 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 43.503 degrees 
latitude, and -114.937 degrees longitude.
    (I) Big Peak Creek from a lower point located at 43.658 degrees 
latitude, and -114.794 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
43.628 degrees latitude, and -114.729 degrees longitude. Big Smoky 
Creek from a lower point located at 43.604 degrees latitude, and -
114.915 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 43.792 degrees 
latitude, and -114.755 degrees longitude. Bluff Creek from a lower 
point located at 43.7 degrees latitude, and -114.754 degrees longitude 
to an upper point located at 43.698 degrees latitude, and -114.685 
degrees longitude. Carrie Creek from a lower point located at 43.552 
degrees latitude, and -114.759 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 43.59 degrees latitude, and -114.69 degrees longitude. 
Little Smoky Creek from a lower point located at 43.608 degrees 
latitude, and -114.871 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
43.585 degrees latitude, and -114.679 degrees longitude. Loggy Creek 
from a lower point located at 43.763 degrees latitude, and -114.787 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 43.8 degrees latitude, 
and -114.789 degrees longitude. North Fork Big Smoky Creek from a lower 
point located at 43.686 degrees latitude, and -114.778 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 43.723 degrees latitude, and -
114.788 degrees longitude. Salt Creek from a lower point located at 
43.607 degrees latitude, and -114.871 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 43.539 degrees latitude, and -114.859 degrees 
longitude. Snowslide Creek from a lower point located at 43.723 degrees 
latitude, and -114.788 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
43.739 degrees latitude, and -114.829 degrees longitude. West Fork Big 
Smoky Creek from a lower point located at 43.744 degrees latitude, and 
-114.726 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 43.788 degrees 
latitude, and -114.82 degrees longitude.
    (J) Bear Creek from a lower point located at 43.727 degrees 
latitude, and -114.901 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
43.703 degrees latitude, and -115.006 degrees longitude. Goat Creek 
from a lower point located at 43.715 degrees latitude, and -114.979 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 43.73 degrees latitude, 
and -115.006 degrees longitude.
    (K) Emma Creek from a lower point located at 43.735 degrees 
latitude, and -114.906 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
43.791 degrees latitude, and -114.834 degrees longitude. Unnamed creek 
off Emma Creek from a lower point located at 43.759 degrees latitude, 
and -114.871 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 43.772 
degrees latitude, and -114.883 degrees longitude.
    (L) Bass Creek from a lower point located at 43.791 degrees 
latitude, and -114.975 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
43.741 degrees latitude, and -115.002 degrees longitude. Little Bear 
Creek from a lower point located at 43.779 degrees latitude, and -
114.935 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 43.746 degrees 
latitude, and -114.974 degrees longitude. North Fork Ross Fork from a 
lower point located at 43.796 degrees latitude, and -114.988 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 43.853 degrees latitude, and -
114.975 degrees longitude. Ross Fork from a lower point located at 
43.774 degrees latitude, and -114.928 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 43.796 degrees latitude, and -114.988 degrees 
longitude. South Fork Ross Fork from a lower point located at 43.796 
degrees latitude, and -114.988 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 43.735 degrees latitude, and -115.021 degrees longitude.
    (M) Johnson Creek from a lower point located at 43.774 degrees 
latitude, and -114.928 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
43.844 degrees latitude, and -114.971 degrees longitude. Vienna Creek 
from a lower point located at 43.802 degrees latitude, and -114.909 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 43.791 degrees latitude, 
and -114.86 degrees longitude.
    (ii) Critical Habitat Subunit--Arrowrock.
    (A) Arrowrock Reservoir centered at 43.606 degrees latitude, and -
115.833 degrees longitude. Boise River from a lower point located at 
43.645 degrees latitude, and -115.748 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 43.713 degrees latitude, and -115.635 degrees 
longitude. South Fork Boise River from a lower point located at 43.55 
degrees latitude, and -115.721 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 43.335 degrees latitude, and -115.536 degrees longitude.
    (B) Rattlesnake Creek from a lower point located at 43.561 degrees 
latitude, and -115.739 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
43.622 degrees


[[Page 71407]]


latitude, and -115.525 degrees longitude. Russel Gulch from a lower 
point located at 43.591 degrees latitude, and -115.595 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 43.577 degrees latitude, and -
115.559 degrees longitude.
    (C) Devils Creek from a lower point located at 43.685 degrees 
latitude, and -115.591 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
43.642 degrees latitude, and -115.563 degrees longitude. East Fork 
Sheep Creek from a lower point located at 43.684 degrees latitude, and 
-115.547 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 43.674 degrees 
latitude, and -115.485 degrees longitude. Sheep Creek from a lower 
point located at 43.697 degrees latitude, and -115.661 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 43.617 degrees latitude, and -
115.51 degrees longitude.
    (D) Middle Fork Boise River from a lower point located at 43.713 
degrees latitude, and -115.635 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 43.946 degrees latitude, and -115.032 degrees longitude.
    (E) East Fork Roaring River from a lower point located at 43.695 
degrees latitude, and -115.464 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 43.616 degrees latitude, and -115.438 degrees longitude. 
Middle Fork Roaring River from a lower point located at 43.688 degrees 
latitude, and -115.451 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
43.624 degrees latitude, and -115.465 degrees longitude. Roaring River 
from a lower point located at 43.79 degrees latitude, and -115.439 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 43.647 degrees latitude, 
and -115.479 degrees longitude.
    (F) Buck Creek from a lower point located at 43.803 degrees 
latitude, and -115.396 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
43.747 degrees latitude, and -115.325 degrees longitude.
    (G) Black Warrior Creek from a lower point located at 43.818 
degrees latitude, and -115.29 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 43.945 degrees latitude, and -115.189 degrees longitude. 
Unnamed creek off Black Warrior Creek from a lower point located at 
43.878 degrees latitude, and -115.244 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 43.896 degrees latitude, and -115.263 degrees 
longitude. West Warrior Creek from a lower point located at 43.84 
degrees latitude, and -115.256 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 43.882 degrees latitude, and -115.297 degrees longitude.
    (H) Bald Mountain Creek from a lower point located at 43.818 
degrees latitude, and -115.266 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 43.756 degrees latitude, and -115.277 degrees longitude.
    (I) Little Queens River from a lower point located at 43.843 
degrees latitude, and -115.184 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 43.93 degrees latitude, and -115.143 degrees longitude. 
Queens River from a lower point located at 43.821 degrees latitude, and 
-115.208 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 43.959 degrees 
latitude, and -115.118 degrees longitude. Scenic Creek from a lower 
point located at 43.921 degrees latitude, and -115.178 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 43.901 degrees latitude, and -
115.145 degrees longitude. Scott Creek from a lower point located at 
43.883 degrees latitude, and -115.18 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 43.891 degrees latitude, and -115.152 degrees 
longitude. Tripod Creek from a lower point located at 43.895 degrees 
latitude, and -115.188 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
43.896 degrees latitude, and -115.154 degrees longitude.
    (J) Decker Creek from a lower point located at 43.769 degrees 
latitude, and -115.144 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
43.718 degrees latitude, and -115.046 degrees longitude. Grouse Creek 
from a lower point located at 43.767 degrees latitude, and -115.122 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 43.731 degrees latitude, 
and -115.078 degrees longitude. Sawmill Creek from a lower point 
located at 43.761 degrees latitude, and -115.12 degrees longitude to an 
upper point located at 43.709 degrees latitude, and -115.094 degrees 
longitude. Yuba River from a lower point located at 43.803 degrees 
latitude, and -115.159 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
43.708 degrees latitude, and -115.201 degrees longitude.
    (K) Trail Creek from a lower point located at 43.763 degrees 
latitude, and -115.145 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
43.707 degrees latitude, and -115.117 degrees longitude.
    (L) Mattingly Creek from a lower point located at 43.846 degrees 
latitude, and -115.048 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
43.865 degrees latitude, and -114.984 degrees longitude.
    (M) Hungarian Creek from a lower point located at 43.818 degrees 
latitude, and -115.533 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
43.818 degrees latitude, and -115.539 degrees longitude. North Fork 
Boise River from a lower point located at 43.713 degrees latitude, and 
-115.635 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.095 degrees 
latitude, and -115.225 degrees longitude. Rabbit Creek from a lower 
point located at 43.79 degrees latitude, and -115.602 degrees longitude 
to an upper point located at 43.797 degrees latitude, and -115.612 
degrees longitude.
    (N) Banner Creek from a lower point located at 43.983 degrees 
latitude, and -115.547 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
43.998 degrees latitude, and -115.542 degrees longitude. Crooked River 
from a lower point located at 43.853 degrees latitude, and -115.536 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.027 degrees latitude, 
and -115.337 degrees longitude. Pikes Fork from a lower point located 
at 43.971 degrees latitude, and -115.561 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.048 degrees latitude, and -115.44 degrees 
longitude. Ski Creek from a lower point located at 43.88 degrees 
latitude, and -115.58 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
43.865 degrees latitude, and -115.613 degrees longitude.
    (O) Bear Creek from a lower point located at 43.938 degrees 
latitude, and -115.456 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.017 degrees latitude, and -115.405 degrees longitude. Bear River 
from a lower point located at 43.892 degrees latitude, and -115.488 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 43.987 degrees latitude, 
and -115.341 degrees longitude. Cub Creek from a lower point located at 
43.98 degrees latitude, and -115.401 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 43.979 degrees latitude, and -115.352 degrees 
longitude. Louise Creek from a lower point located at 43.968 degrees 
latitude, and -115.424 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
43.964 degrees latitude, and -115.391 degrees longitude. South Fork Cub 
Creek from a lower point located at 43.977 degrees latitude, and -
115.388 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 43.968 degrees 
latitude, and -115.355 degrees longitude.
    (P) Trail Creek from a lower point located at 43.912 degrees 
latitude, and -115.406 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
43.908 degrees latitude, and -115.399 degrees longitude.
    (Q) Lodgepole Creek from a lower point located at 43.93 degrees 
latitude, and -115.314 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
43.888 degrees latitude, and -115.294 degrees longitude.
    (R) Johnson Creek from a lower point located at 43.94 degrees 
latitude, and -115.284 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
43.947 degrees latitude, and -115.129 degrees longitude.
    (S) Big Silver Creek from a lower point located at 43.99 degrees 
latitude,


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and -115.255 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 43.989 
degrees latitude, and -115.327 degrees longitude. Little Silver Creek 
from a lower point located at 43.997 degrees latitude, and -115.288 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.001 degrees latitude, 
and -115.325 degrees longitude.
    (T) Cow Creek from a lower point located at 43.991 degrees 
latitude, and -115.254 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.021 degrees latitude, and -115.295 degrees longitude.
    (U) Ballentyne Creek from a lower point located at 44.011 degrees 
latitude, and -115.232 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
43.983 degrees latitude, and -115.142 degrees longitude.
    (V) West Fork Creek from a lower point located at 44.056 degrees 
latitude, and -115.209 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.048 degrees latitude, and -115.246 degrees longitude.
    (W) McLeod Creek from a lower point located at 44.057 degrees 
latitude, and -115.207 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.023 degrees latitude, and -115.162 degrees longitude.
    (X) McPhearson Creek from a lower point located at 44.066 degrees 
latitude, and -115.198 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.038 degrees latitude, and -115.158 degrees longitude.
    (iii) Critical Habitat Subunit--Lucky Peak.
    (A) Lucky Peak Reservoir centered at 43.564 degrees latitude, and -
115.997 degrees longitude. Mores Creek from a lower point located at 
43.618 degrees latitude, and -115.999 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 43.959 degrees latitude, and -115.7 degrees longitude.
    (iv) Critical Habitat Subunit--Deadwood River.
    (A) Deadwood Reservoir centered at 44.309 degrees latitude, and -
115.662 degrees longitude. Deadwood River from a lower point located at 
44.342 degrees latitude, and -115.657 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.547 degrees latitude, and -115.56 degrees 
longitude.
    (B) Daisy Creek from a lower point located at 44.26 degrees 
latitude, and -115.693 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.269 degrees latitude, and -115.747 degrees longitude. Trail Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.279 degrees latitude, and -115.666 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.239 degrees latitude, 
and -115.758 degrees longitude.
    (C) South Fork Beaver Creek from a lower point located at 44.295 
degrees latitude, and -115.685 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 44.297 degrees latitude, and -115.732 degrees longitude. 
Unnamed creek off South Fork Beaver Creek from a lower point located at 
44.294 degrees latitude, and -115.687 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.283 degrees latitude, and -115.721 degrees 
longitude.
    (D) Beaver Creek from a lower point located at 44.317 degrees 
latitude, and -115.684 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.31 degrees latitude, and -115.741 degrees longitude. Unnamed creek 
off Beaver Creek from a lower point located at 44.318 degrees latitude, 
and -115.686 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.336 
degrees latitude, and -115.717 degrees longitude.
    (E) Habit Creek from a lower point located at 44.33 degrees 
latitude, and -115.672 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.349 degrees latitude, and -115.712 degrees longitude.
    (F) Basin Creek from a lower point located at 44.341 degrees 
latitude, and -115.658 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.377 degrees latitude, and -115.701 degrees longitude.
    (G) Wild Buck Creek from a lower point located at 44.342 degrees 
latitude, and -115.657 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.389 degrees latitude, and -115.649 degrees longitude.
    (H) Deer Creek from a lower point located at 44.396 degrees 
latitude, and -115.615 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.347 degrees latitude, and -115.548 degrees longitude. North Fork 
Deer Creek from a lower point located at 44.408 degrees latitude, and -
115.553 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.452 degrees 
latitude, and -115.544 degrees longitude. Unnamed creek 1 off Deer 
Creek from a lower point located at 44.407 degrees latitude, and -
115.585 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.425 degrees 
latitude, and -115.586 degrees longitude. Unnamed creek 2 off Deer 
Creek from a lower point located at 44.402 degrees latitude, and -
115.559 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.388 degrees 
latitude, and -115.553 degrees longitude. Unnamed creek 3 off Deer 
Creek from a lower point located at 44.407 degrees latitude, and -
115.542 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.422 degrees 
latitude, and -115.533 degrees longitude.
    (I) Goat Creek from a lower point located at 44.398 degrees 
latitude, and -115.618 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.393 degrees latitude, and -115.679 degrees longitude.
    (J) Bitter Creek from a lower point located at 44.406 degrees 
latitude, and -115.617 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.421 degrees latitude, and -115.677 degrees longitude.
    (K) Stratton Creek from a lower point located at 44.47 degrees 
latitude, and -115.586 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.446 degrees latitude, and -115.63 degrees longitude.
    (L) East Fork Deadwood River from a lower point located at 44.492 
degrees latitude, and -115.574 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 44.494 degrees latitude, and -115.57 degrees longitude.
    (v) Critical Habitat Subunit--Middle Fork Payette River.
    (A) Middle Fork Payette River from a lower point located at 44.103 
degrees latitude, and -115.999 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 44.551 degrees latitude, and -115.764 degrees longitude. 
Unnamed creek 1 off Middle Fork Payette River from a lower point 
located at 44.524 degrees latitude, and -115.774 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 44.552 degrees latitude, and -115.834 degrees 
longitude. Unnamed creek 2 off Middle Fork Payette River from a lower 
point located at 44.532 degrees latitude, and -115.772 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.534 degrees latitude, and -
115.755 degrees longitude. Unnamed creek 3 off Middle Fork Payette 
River from a lower point located at 44.539 degrees latitude, and -
115.77 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.541 degrees 
latitude, and -115.738 degrees longitude.
    (B) Lightning Creek from a lower point located at 44.193 degrees 
latitude, and -115.936 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.233 degrees latitude, and -115.766 degrees longitude. Onion Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.214 degrees latitude, and -115.824 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.234 degrees latitude, 
and -115.775 degrees longitude.
    (C) Long Fork Silver Creek from a lower point located at 44.382 
degrees latitude, and -115.76 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 44.411 degrees latitude, and -115.679 degrees longitude. 
Peace Creek from a lower point located at 44.341 degrees latitude, and 
-115.791 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.356 degrees 
latitude, and -115.733 degrees longitude. Silver Creek from a lower 
point located at 44.304 degrees latitude, and -115.864 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.408 degrees latitude, and -
115.749 degrees longitude. Ucon Creek from a lower point located at 
44.371 degrees latitude,


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and -115.766 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.379 
degrees latitude, and -115.72 degrees longitude. Valley Creek from a 
lower point located at 44.333 degrees latitude, and -115.776 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.28 degrees latitude, and -
115.742 degrees longitude.
    (D) Bull Creek from a lower point located at 44.422 degrees 
latitude, and -115.813 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.491 degrees latitude, and -115.614 degrees longitude. Oxtail Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.459 degrees latitude, and -115.667 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.439 degrees latitude, 
and -115.638 degrees longitude. Sixteen-to-one Creek from a lower point 
located at 44.426 degrees latitude, and -115.801 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 44.467 degrees latitude, and -115.754 degrees 
longitude.
    (vi) Critical Habitat Subunit--Weiser River.
    (A) Little Weiser River from a lower point located at 44.553 
degrees latitude, and -116.693 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 44.637 degrees latitude, and -116.174 degrees longitude. 
Weiser River from a lower point located at 44.553 degrees latitude, and 
-116.693 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.847 degrees 
latitude, and -116.379 degrees longitude.
    (B) Anderson Creek from a lower point located at 44.527 degrees 
latitude, and -116.242 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.605 degrees latitude, and -116.186 degrees longitude.
    (C) Sheep Creek from a lower point located at 44.542 degrees 
latitude, and -116.221 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.504 degrees latitude, and -116.174 degrees longitude.
    (D) East Pine Creek from a lower point located at 44.652 degrees 
latitude, and -116.815 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.772 degrees latitude, and -116.769 degrees longitude.
    (E) Rush Creek from a lower point located at 44.567 degrees 
latitude, and -116.672 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.789 degrees latitude, and -116.747 degrees longitude.
    (F) Middle Fork Weiser River from a lower point located at 44.668 
degrees latitude, and -116.483 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 44.771 degrees latitude, and -116.214 degrees longitude.
    (G) Disappointment Creek from a lower point located at 44.825 
degrees latitude, and -116.657 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 44.83 degrees latitude, and -116.706 degrees longitude. 
Grouse Creek from a lower point located at 44.826 degrees latitude, and 
-116.656 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.835 degrees 
latitude, and -116.707 degrees longitude. Hornet Creek from a lower 
point located at 44.728 degrees latitude, and -116.448 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.797 degrees latitude, and -
116.732 degrees longitude. Mill Creek from a lower point located at 
44.837 degrees latitude, and -116.619 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.854 degrees latitude, and -116.634 degrees 
longitude. North Creek from a lower point located at 44.814 degrees 
latitude, and -116.692 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.818 degrees latitude, and -116.72 degrees longitude. Olive Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.836 degrees latitude, and -116.627 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.787 degrees latitude, 
and -116.693 degrees longitude. Placer Creek from a lower point located 
at 44.808 degrees latitude, and -116.679 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.806 degrees latitude, and -116.737 degrees 
longitude. Unnamed creek 1 off Olive Creek from a lower point located 
at 44.812 degrees latitude, and -116.643 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.791 degrees latitude, and -116.648 degrees 
longitude. Unnamed creek 2 off Olive Creek from a lower point located 
at 44.801 degrees latitude, and -116.66 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.787 degrees latitude, and -116.665 degrees 
longitude. West Mill Creek from a lower point located at 44.854 degrees 
latitude, and -116.634 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.853 degrees latitude, and -116.686 degrees longitude.
    (H) West Fork Weiser River from a lower point located at 44.808 
degrees latitude, and -116.443 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 45.008 degrees latitude, and -116.509 degrees longitude.
    (I) Lost Creek from a lower point located at 44.91 degrees 
latitude, and -116.495 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
45.091 degrees latitude, and -116.503 degrees longitude. Lost Valley 
Reservoir centered at 44.966 degrees latitude, and -116.462 degrees 
longitude.
    (J) Dewey Creek from a lower point located at 44.807 degrees 
latitude, and -116.277 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.772 degrees latitude, and -116.275 degrees longitude. East Fork 
Weiser River from a lower point located at 44.847 degrees latitude, and 
-116.379 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.729 degrees 
latitude, and -116.278 degrees longitude.
    (vii) Critical Habitat Subunit--Upper South Fork Payette River.
    (A) Baron Creek from a lower point located at 44.137 degrees 
latitude, and -115.148 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.094 degrees latitude, and -115.027 degrees longitude. Deadwood River 
from a lower point located at 44.079 degrees latitude, and -115.657 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.294 degrees latitude, 
and -115.645 degrees longitude. North Fork Baron Creek from a lower 
point located at 44.131 degrees latitude, and -115.101 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.145 degrees latitude, and -
115.077 degrees longitude. South Fork Payette River from a lower point 
located at 44.103 degrees latitude, and -115.999 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 43.999 degrees latitude, and -115.039 degrees 
longitude.
    (B) Scott Creek from a lower point located at 44.223 degrees 
latitude, and -115.648 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.191 degrees latitude, and -115.761 degrees longitude. Smith Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.214 degrees latitude, and -115.709 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.2 degrees latitude, 
and -115.757 degrees longitude. South Fork Scott Creek from a lower 
point located at 44.222 degrees latitude, and -115.66 degrees longitude 
to an upper point located at 44.187 degrees latitude, and -115.702 
degrees longitude.
    (C) Ninemile Creek from a lower point located at 44.231 degrees 
latitude, and -115.647 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.232 degrees latitude, and -115.747 degrees longitude.
    (D) No Man Creek from a lower point located at 44.247 degrees 
latitude, and -115.629 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.247 degrees latitude, and -115.59 degrees longitude. Unnamed creek 1 
off Deadwood River from a lower point located at 44.24 degrees 
latitude, and -115.632 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.226 degrees latitude, and -115.616 degrees longitude. Unnamed creek 
2 off Deadwood River from a lower point located at 44.276 degrees 
latitude, and -115.635 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.269 degrees latitude, and -115.653 degrees longitude.
    (E) North Fork Whitehawk Creek from a lower point located at 44.277 
degrees latitude, and -115.584 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 44.291 degrees latitude, and -115.538 degrees longitude. 
Whitehawk Creek from a lower point located at 44.275 degrees latitude, 
and -115.635 degrees


[[Page 71410]]


longitude to an upper point located at 44.261 degrees latitude, and -
115.555 degrees longitude.
    (F) East Fork Warm Springs Creek from a lower point located at 
44.294 degrees latitude, and -115.621 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.317 degrees latitude, and -115.537 degrees 
longitude. Middle Fork Warm Springs Creek from a lower point located at 
44.326 degrees latitude, and -115.598 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.351 degrees latitude, and -115.565 degrees 
longitude. Unnamed creek off East Fork Warm Springs Creek from a lower 
point located at 44.312 degrees latitude, and -115.577 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.324 degrees latitude, and -
115.563 degrees longitude. Unnamed creek off Middle Fork Warm Springs 
Creek from a lower point located at 44.332 degrees latitude, and -
115.579 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.324 degrees 
latitude, and -115.54 degrees longitude. Warm Springs Creek from a 
lower point located at 44.279 degrees latitude, and -115.63 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.367 degrees latitude, and -
115.579 degrees longitude.
    (G) Wilson Creek from a lower point located at 44.292 degrees 
latitude, and -115.641 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.366 degrees latitude, and -115.564 degrees longitude.
    (H) Clear Creek from a lower point located at 44.082 degrees 
latitude, and -115.61 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.229 degrees latitude, and -115.408 degrees longitude. Long Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.129 degrees latitude, and -115.579 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.153 degrees latitude, 
and -115.532 degrees longitude. South Fork Clear Creek from a lower 
point located at 44.232 degrees latitude, and -115.439 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.183 degrees latitude, and -
115.483 degrees longitude. Unnamed creek off Long Creek from a lower 
point located at 44.148 degrees latitude, and -115.546 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.137 degrees latitude, and -
115.534 degrees longitude.
    (I) Kettle Creek from a lower point located at 44.107 degrees 
latitude, and -115.443 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.147 degrees latitude, and -115.442 degrees longitude.
    (J) East Fork Eightmile Creek from a lower point located at 44.133 
degrees latitude, and -115.406 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 44.2 degrees latitude, and -115.354 degrees longitude. 
Eightmile Creek from a lower point located at 44.118 degrees latitude, 
and -115.412 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.251 
degrees latitude, and -115.399 degrees longitude. Unnamed creek 1 off 
Eightmile Creek from a lower point located at 44.153 degrees latitude, 
and -115.414 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.162 
degrees latitude, and -115.451 degrees longitude. Unnamed creek 2 off 
Eightmile Creek from a lower point located at 44.173 degrees latitude, 
and -115.4 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.195 
degrees latitude, and -115.419 degrees longitude. Unnamed creek 3 off 
Eightmile Creek from a lower point located at 44.174 degrees latitude, 
and -115.397 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.198 
degrees latitude, and -115.418 degrees longitude.
    (K) Tenmile Creek from a lower point located at 44.12 degrees 
latitude, and -115.385 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.087 degrees latitude, and -115.236 degrees longitude. Unnamed creek 
1 off Tenmile Creek from a lower point located at 44.062 degrees 
latitude, and -115.322 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.08 degrees latitude, and -115.303 degrees longitude. Unnamed creek 2 
off Tenmile Creek from a lower point located at 44.062 degrees 
latitude, and -115.304 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.041 degrees latitude, and -115.298 degrees longitude. Unnamed creek 
3 off Tenmile Creek from a lower point located at 44.069 degrees 
latitude, and -115.286 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.046 degrees latitude, and -115.287 degrees longitude.
    (L) Chapman Creek from a lower point located at 44.137 degrees 
latitude, and -115.314 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.097 degrees latitude, and -115.289 degrees longitude.
    (M) Gates Creek from a lower point located at 44.292 degrees 
latitude, and -115.305 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.348 degrees latitude, and -115.327 degrees longitude. Warm Spring 
Creek from a lower point located at 44.144 degrees latitude, and -
115.303 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.292 degrees 
latitude, and -115.305 degrees longitude.
    (N) Canyon Creek from a lower point located at 44.172 degrees 
latitude, and -115.243 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.303 degrees latitude, and -115.23 degrees longitude. North Fork 
Canyon Creek from a lower point located at 44.25 degrees latitude, and 
-115.214 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.261 degrees 
latitude, and -115.198 degrees longitude. South Fork Canyon Creek from 
a lower point located at 44.237 degrees latitude, and -115.213 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.226 degrees latitude, and -
115.191 degrees longitude. Unnamed creek off North Fork Canyon Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.261 degrees latitude, and -115.198 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.241 degrees latitude, 
and -115.165 degrees longitude.
    (O) Wapiti Creek from a lower point located at 44.162 degrees 
latitude, and -115.19 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.117 degrees latitude, and -115.201 degrees longitude.
    (P) Trail Creek from a lower point located at 44.146 degrees 
latitude, and -115.153 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.164 degrees latitude, and -115.092 degrees longitude.
    (viii) Critical Habitat Subunit--North Fork Payette River.
    (A) Foolhen Creek from a lower point located at 44.687 degrees 
latitude, and -115.878 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.739 degrees latitude, and -115.842 degrees longitude. Gold Fork 
River from a lower point located at 44.697 degrees latitude, and -
116.053 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.674 degrees 
latitude, and -115.896 degrees longitude. Lodgepole Creek from a lower 
point located at 44.69 degrees latitude, and -115.866 degrees longitude 
to an upper point located at 44.728 degrees latitude, and -115.843 
degrees longitude. North Fork Gold Fork River from a lower point 
located at 44.674 degrees latitude, and -115.896 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 44.756 degrees latitude, and -115.8 degrees 
longitude. South Fork Gold Fork River from a lower point located at 
44.674 degrees latitude, and -115.896 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.653 degrees latitude, and -115.839 degrees 
longitude. Spruce Creek from a lower point located at 44.689 degrees 
latitude, and -115.87 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.672 degrees latitude, and -115.848 degrees longitude. Unnamed creek 
1 off North Fork Gold Fork River from a lower point located at 44.704 
degrees latitude, and -115.833 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 44.726 degrees latitude, and -115.838 degrees longitude. 
Unnamed creek 2 off North Fork Gold Fork River from a lower point 
located at 44.704 degrees latitude, and -115.824 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 44.679 degrees latitude, and -115.827 degrees 
longitude. Unnamed creek 3 off North Fork Gold Fork River from a lower 
point located at 44.706 degrees latitude, and -115.819 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.679 degrees latitude, and -
115.811 degrees longitude. Unnamed creek 4 off


[[Page 71411]]


North Fork Gold Fork River from a lower point located at 44.708 degrees 
latitude, and -115.817 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.747 degrees latitude, and -115.811 degrees longitude.
    (B) Kennally Creek from a lower point located at 44.683 degrees 
latitude, and -115.974 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.781 degrees latitude, and -115.863 degrees longitude. Rapid Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.749 degrees latitude, and -115.957 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.861 degrees latitude, 
and -115.904 degrees longitude.
    (C) Cascade Reservoir centered at 44.599 degrees latitude, and -
116.097 degrees longitude.
    (D) Lake Fork from a lower point located at 44.75 degrees latitude, 
and -116.096 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.917 
degrees latitude, and -115.928 degrees longitude. Little Payette Lake 
centered at 44.916 degrees latitude, and -116.033 degrees longitude. 
North Fork Lake Fork from a lower point located at 44.923 degrees 
latitude, and -115.945 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.998 degrees latitude, and -115.921 degrees longitude. South Fork 
Lake Fork from a lower point located at 44.917 degrees latitude, and -
115.928 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.875 degrees 
latitude, and -115.902 degrees longitude.
    (ix) Critical Habitat Subunit--Squaw Creek.
    (A) Poison Creek from a lower point located at 44.479 degrees 
latitude, and -116.185 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.491 degrees latitude, and -116.162 degrees longitude. Pole Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.471 degrees latitude, and -116.218 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.494 degrees latitude, 
and -116.202 degrees longitude. Squaw Creek from a lower point located 
at 43.936 degrees latitude, and -116.366 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.436 degrees latitude, and -116.152 degrees 
longitude. Unnamed creek 1 off Squaw Creek from a lower point located 
at 44.47 degrees latitude, and -116.219 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.455 degrees latitude, and -116.199 degrees 
longitude. Unnamed creek 2 off Squaw Creek from a lower point located 
at 44.479 degrees latitude, and -116.193 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.46 degrees latitude, and -116.165 degrees 
longitude. Unnamed creek 3 off Squaw Creek from a lower point located 
at 44.476 degrees latitude, and -116.19 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.457 degrees latitude, and -116.174 degrees 
longitude.
    (B) Antelope Creek from a lower point located at 44.375 degrees 
latitude, and -116.197 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.4 degrees latitude, and -116.168 degrees longitude. Renwick Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.367 degrees latitude, and -116.195 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.397 degrees latitude, 
and -116.139 degrees longitude. Second Fork Squaw Creek from a lower 
point located at 44.309 degrees latitude, and -116.31 degrees longitude 
to an upper point located at 44.404 degrees latitude, and -116.191 
degrees longitude. Third Fork Squaw Creek from a lower point located at 
44.373 degrees latitude, and -116.3 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 44.453 degrees latitude, and -116.156 degrees longitude. 
Unnamed creek 1 off Third Fork Squaw Creek from a lower point located 
at 44.424 degrees latitude, and -116.21 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.42 degrees latitude, and -116.148 degrees 
longitude. Unnamed creek 2 off Third Fork Squaw Creek from a lower 
point located at 44.416 degrees latitude, and -116.201 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.426 degrees latitude, and -
116.16 degrees longitude. Unnamed creek 3 off Third Fork Squaw Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.415 degrees latitude, and -116.19 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.421 degrees latitude, 
and -116.171 degrees longitude. Unnamed creek 4 off Third Fork Squaw 
Creek from a lower point located at 44.434 degrees latitude, and -
116.203 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.433 degrees 
latitude, and -116.168 degrees longitude.
    (C) Joes Creek from a lower point located at 44.335 degrees 
latitude, and -116.176 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.372 degrees latitude, and -116.147 degrees longitude. Sage Hen Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.351 degrees latitude, and -116.209 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.373 degrees latitude, 
and -116.133 degrees longitude. Sage Hen Reservoir centered at 44.329 
degrees latitude, and -116.183 degrees longitude. Unnamed creek Into 
Sage Hen Reservoir from a lower point located at 44.332 degrees 
latitude, and -116.174 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.317 degrees latitude, and -116.161 degrees longitude.


    Note: Maps follow for Unit 17, Subunit i; Subunit ii; Subunit 
iii; Subunit iv; Subunit v; Subunit vi; Subunit vii; Subunit viii; 
and Subunit ix.


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    (2) Unit 18--Little Lost River Basin.
    (i) Firebox Creek from a lower point located at 44.443 degrees 
latitude, and -113.38 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.434 degrees latitude, and -113.362 degrees longitude. Little Lost 
River from a lower point located at 43.883 degrees latitude, and -
113.096 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.452 degrees 
latitude, and -113.375 degrees longitude. Right Fork Little Lost River 
from a lower point located at 44.446 degrees latitude, and -113.378 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.45 degrees latitude, 
and -113.37 degrees longitude.
    (ii) Badger Creek from a lower point located at 44.059 degrees 
latitude, and -113.232 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.118 degrees latitude, and -113.131 degrees longitude. Bunting Canyon 
Creek from a lower point located at 44.11 degrees latitude, and -
113.137 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.107 degrees 
latitude, and -113.098 degrees longitude.
    (iii) Unnamed creek--off Williams Creek from a lower point located 
at 44.135 degrees latitude, and -113.196 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.13 degrees latitude, and -113.175 degrees 
longitude. Williams Creek from a lower point located at 44.122 degrees 
latitude, and -113.237 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.135 degrees latitude, and -113.196 degrees longitude.
    (iv) Big Creek from a lower point located at 44.063 degrees 
latitude, and -113.429 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.062 degrees latitude, and -113.503 degrees longitude. Wet Creek from 
a lower point located at 44.14 degrees latitude, and -113.244 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.027 degrees latitude, and -
113.473 degrees longitude.
    (v) Warm Creek from a lower point located at 44.306 degrees 
latitude, and -113.337 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.31 degrees latitude, and -113.302 degrees longitude.
    (vi) North Fork Squaw Creek from a lower point located at 44.356 
degrees latitude, and -113.329 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 44.38 degrees latitude, and -113.329 degrees longitude. 
Squaw Creek from a lower point located at 44.334 degrees latitude, and 
-113.356 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.375 degrees 
latitude, and -113.304 degrees longitude. Unnamed creek off Squaw Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.359 degrees latitude, and -113.325 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.36 degrees latitude, 
and -113.314 degrees longitude.
    (vii) Mill Creek from a lower point located at 44.357 degrees 
latitude, and -113.374 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.387 degrees latitude, and -113.344 degrees longitude.
    (viii) Hawley Creek from a lower point located at 44.379 degrees 
latitude, and -113.403 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.37 degrees latitude, and -113.425 degrees longitude. Iron Creek from 
a lower point located at 44.379 degrees latitude, and -113.4 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 44.387 degrees latitude, and -
113.434 degrees longitude. Jackson Creek from a lower point located at 
44.38 degrees latitude, and -113.412 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.376 degrees latitude, and -113.435 degrees 
longitude. Left Fork Iron Creek from a lower point located at 44.387 
degrees latitude, and -113.434 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 44.384 degrees latitude, and -113.446 degrees longitude. 
Right Fork Iron Creek from a lower point located at 44.387 degrees 
latitude, and -113.434 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.389 degrees latitude, and -113.437 degrees longitude.
    (ix) Camp Creek from a lower point located at 44.411 degrees 
latitude, and -113.417 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.408 degrees latitude, and -113.432 degrees longitude. Redrock Creek 
from a lower point located at 44.414 degrees latitude, and -113.419 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 44.417 degrees latitude, 
and -113.432 degrees longitude. Slide Creek from a lower point located 
at 44.432 degrees latitude, and -113.436 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 44.433 degrees latitude, and -113.441 degrees 
longitude. Timber Creek from a lower point located at 44.394 degrees 
latitude, and -113.408 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.437 degrees latitude, and -113.436 degrees longitude.
    (x) Smithie Fork from a lower point located at 44.43 degrees 
latitude, and -113.393 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
44.466 degrees latitude, and -113.397 degrees longitude.


    Note: Map follows for Unit 18.


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    (23) Unit 19--Lower Columbia River Basin.
    (i) Critical Habitat Subunit--Lewis River.
    (A) Lewis River from a lower point located at 45.85 degrees 
latitude, and


[[Page 71423]]


-122.782 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.216 degrees 
latitude, and -121.667 degrees longitude.
    (B) Lake Merwin centered at 45.985 degrees latitude, and -122.485 
degrees longitude. Speelyai Creek from a lower point located at 45.988 
degrees latitude, and -122.406 degrees longitude to an upper point 
located at 46.008 degrees latitude, and -122.346 degrees longitude.
    (C) Cougar Creek from a lower point located at 46.055 degrees 
latitude, and -122.292 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.071 degrees latitude, and -122.267 degrees longitude. Ole Creek from 
a lower point located at 46.055 degrees latitude, and -122.236 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 46.047 degrees latitude, and -
122.237 degrees longitude. Rain Creek from a lower point located at 
46.051 degrees latitude, and -122.238 degrees longitude to an upper 
point located at 46.053 degrees latitude, and -122.222 degrees 
longitude. Yale Lake centered at 46.012 degrees latitude, and -122.311 
degrees longitude.
    (D) Swift Creek from a lower point located at 46.083 degrees 
latitude, and -122.198 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.085 degrees latitude, and -122.202 degrees longitude. Swift Creek 
Reservoir centered at 46.056 degrees latitude, and -122.113 degrees 
longitude. Unnamed creek off Swift Creek Reservoir from a lower point 
located at 46.043 degrees latitude, and -122.038 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 46.03 degrees latitude, and -122.024 degrees 
longitude.
    (E) Pine Creek from a lower point located at 46.071 degrees 
latitude, and -122.016 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.142 degrees latitude, and -122.095 degrees longitude. Rush Creek 
from a lower point located at 46.075 degrees latitude, and -121.936 
degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.055 degrees latitude, 
and -121.915 degrees longitude. Unnamed creek 1 off Pine Creek from a 
lower point located at 46.092 degrees latitude, and -122.058 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 46.099 degrees latitude, and -
122.068 degrees longitude. Unnamed creek 2 off Pine Creek from a lower 
point located at 46.104 degrees latitude, and -122.062 degrees 
longitude to an upper point located at 46.14 degrees latitude, and -
122.081 degrees longitude. Unnamed creek 3 off Pine Creek from a lower 
point located at 46.12 degrees latitude, and -122.076 degrees longitude 
to an upper point located at 46.123 degrees latitude, and -122.087 
degrees longitude.
    (ii) Critical Habitat Subunit--White Salmon River.
    (A) Northwestern Lake centered at 45.775 degrees latitude, and -
121.529 degrees longitude. White Salmon River from a lower point 
located at 45.723 degrees latitude, and -121.521 degrees longitude to 
an upper point located at 45.897 degrees latitude, and -121.503 degrees 
longitude.
    (B) [Reserved]
    (iii) Critical Habitat Subunit--Klickitat River.
    (A) Klickitat River from a lower point located at 45.691 degrees 
latitude, and -121.293 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.255 degrees latitude, and -121.239 degrees longitude.
    (B) Clearwater Creek from a lower point located at 46.276 degrees 
latitude, and -121.327 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 
46.278 degrees latitude, and -121.33 degrees longitude. Fish Lake 
Stream from a lower point located at 46.275 degrees latitude, and -
121.312 degrees longitude to an upper point located at 46.342 degrees 
latitude, and -121.368 degre