Exhibit 2, 251 FW 1, Sample Issue
December 4, 1998
Originating Office: Division of Budget
Listing the Timber Rattlesnake in CITES Appendix II
Issue: Why should the timber rattlesnake be listed in Appendix
II of CITES?
Listing is necessary for more effective monitoring of trade in this species
and to prohibit trade that may be detrimental to the species' survival.
The International Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies and several
States also support listing.
Listing would allow the Service to collect information on the origin of
specimens presented for export and ensure compliance with State laws.
Listing would still allow commercial trade in the species and provide the
Service with a mechanism to monitor and regulate exports and develop information
on trade levels for the species.
Contact: Marshall Jones, Assistant Director - International Affairs
(202) 208-6393 (2/18/98)
The timber rattlesnake is endemic to North America, including 27 States;
it has been extirpated from Canada, Maine, and Rhode Island, and has declined
significantly in 20 other States.
The species' decline is largely attributable to habitat loss. However,
collection of animals from the wild may be more significant that habitat
loss in some areas, particularly Pennsylvania and the Northeast.
The Service currently cannot prohibit exports of this species, even in
cases that may be detrimental to the survival of the species.
Protection varies at the State level from little or no protection to complete
prohibition of collection and sale. States that allow commercial trade
in the species do not monitor their populations. Only Florida compiles
sale and trade data; however, trade levels are substantially underreported.
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