361 FW 3
Supersedes 095 FW 9,
FWM 418, 01/31/03
Date: September 12, 2008
Series: Engineering and Construction
Part 361: Dam Safety
Originating Office: Division of Engineering
3.1 What is the purpose of this chapter? This chapter describes policies, procedures, and responsibilities for emergency action planning for Service high and significant hazard dams (see 361 FW 2.2).
3.2 Who is responsible for emergency action planning for Service high and significant hazard dams?
A. Regional Directors are responsible for ensuring the safe operation and maintenance of dams in their Regions.
B. The Service Dam Safety Officer (SDSO) is responsible for:
(1) Developing Emergency Action Plans and Standing Operating Procedures (SOPs) for all high and significant hazard dams.
(2) Assisting Regional Dam Safety Officers in implementing Emergency Action Plans.
(3) Performing periodic Emergency Action Plan exercises (also see 361 FW 2).
(4) Updating Emergency Action Plans and SOPs for major repairs and rehabilitation to high and significant hazard dams.
C. Regional Dam Safety Officers (RDSO) are responsible for:
(1) Assisting the SDSO in developing Emergency Action Plans for high and significant hazard dams.
(2) Providing technical and decisionmaking support to field staff during unusual or emergency events.
(3) Annually reviewing Emergency Action Plans.
(4) Annually updating and distributing revisions to Emergency Action Plans and SOPs.
(5) Annually testing, verifying, and certifying Emergency Action Plans.
D. Regional Engineers, at the discretion of the Regional Director, assist the RDSOs and SDSO in developing and implementing Emergency Action Plans.
E. Project Leaders are responsible for:
(1) Implementing and performing the actions described in the Emergency Action Plans.
(2) Ensuring adequate staff and training to implement the Emergency Action Plans.
(3) Working with RDSOs to annually test, verify, and certify Emergency Action Plans.
(4) Maintaining current copies of the Emergency Action Plans and SOPs.
(5) Ensuring the safety of employees and visitors who may be impacted by dam failure or misoperation.
3.3 What are the requirements for Emergency Action Plans?
A. All high and significant hazard dams must have an Emergency Action Plan.
B. Emergency Action Plans must include, at a minimum:
(1) Names, addresses, and telephone numbers of personnel and public officials responsible for public safety and media contacts;
(2) Actions required under specific hydrologic situations and other events that threaten the safety of the dam, such as earthquakes, seepage, or sabotage; and
(3) Actions required to mitigate a dam failure.
C. The RDSO must annually:
(1) Review Emergency Action Plans for high and significant hazard dams in the Region in accordance with procedures outlined in the Emergency Action Plans.
(2) Test, verify, and certify Emergency Action Plans by November 1st of each year.
(3) Submit a verification statement, in accordance with the SOPs, along with any revisions to the Emergency Action Plans, to the SDSO, on or before November 30th.
(4) Distribute revisions to Emergency Action Plans to the plan holders.
D. The SDSO must perform a periodic test of the Emergency Action Plans every 6 years concurrent with Formal SEED inspections and tabletop exercises concurrent with Intermediate SEED inspections in accordance with procedures in the Emergency Action Plans (see 361 FW 2 for more information about SEED inspections).
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