Pelican Island National Wildlife Refuge
Southeast Region
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Wildlife

Over thirty species of birds use Pelican Island as a rookery, roost, feeding ground, or loafing area. Sixteen different species of birds nest on Pelican Island, which include the:

  • Brown pelican
  • Wood stork
  • Great egret
  • Snowy egret
  • Reddish egret
  • Cattle egret
  • Great blue heron
  • Little blue heron
  • Tricolored heron
  • Green-backed heron
  • Black-crowned night heron
  • Double-crested cormorant (resident)
  • Anhinga
  • White ibis
  • American oystercatcher
  • Common moorhen

Species that nest elsewhere in the refuge or nearby include:

  • Least tern
  • Royal tern
  • Black skimmer
  • Osprey

Summer visitors include:

  • Roseate spoonbill
  • Magnificent frigatebird

Wintering birds include:

  • White pelican
  • Double-crested cormorant (migratory)
  • Blue-wing teal
  • Lesser scaup
  • Red-breasted merganser
  • Ring-billed gull
  • Laughing gull
  • Forster's tern
  • Common loon

Endangered species include:

  • Wood storks
  • Florida manatee
  • Green sea turtle
  • Hawksbill sea turtle
  • Kemp's ridley sea turtle

Threatened species include:

  • Loggerhead sea turtle
  • Eastern indigo snake
  • Bald eagle
  • Piping plover
Last updated: September 18, 2009