Wildlife & Habitat
wildlife & habitat includes:
Palmyra's native vegetation is lush, supporting one of the largest remaining undisturbed stands of Pisonia beach forest in the Pacific, including native varieties of ferns and shrubs. Palmyra's rich intertidal sand- and mudflats provide attractive resting and feeding grounds for migratory seabirds and shorebirds.
Sooty terns, red- and white-tailed tropicbirds, several species of boobies, great frigatebirds, and white terns commonly nest on Palmyra.
More than 200 bristle-thighed curlews, whose worldwide population estimate is only 6,000 individuals, spend their winters on Palmyra.
Pilot whales, bottle-nosed dolphins, white-tip reef sharks, manta rays, and giant clams frequent the atoll's waters, as well as threatened green sea turtles, which also nest on Palmyra's beaches. Large populations of the world's largest land invertebrate, the coconut crab, inhabit the forests along with other crabs.