Cover of the CCP/EA

How Do I Provide Comments? Use the link below to e-mail your comments directly to the Refuge Manager or mail or fax comments as follows.

Refuge Manager
Ridgefield NWR Complex
PO Box 457
Ridgefield, WA 98642
Phone:
360/887-4106
FAX:
360/887-4109

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Steigerwald Lake, Franz Lake, and Pierce
National Wildlife Refuges CCP/EA

To review the CCP/EA, use the following links to the Chapters, Appendices, and Figures. Most figures are large map files. The figures were extracted from the chapters to reduce downloading time, and are posted seperately. The links to the figures are near the bottom of the table of contents.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION
Introduction…1-1
Proposed Action…1-2
Purpose and Need for Action…1-2
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service…1-5
National Wildlife Refuge System…1-5
Refuge Establishment and Explanation of Refuge Purposes…1-7
Relationship to Ecosystem Management Goals…1-9
Refuge Vision Statements…1-16
References…1-20

CHAPTER 2: PLANNING PROCESS AND ISSUES
Planning Process…2-1
Conservation Targets…2-3
Conservation Targets for the Gorge Refuges…2-4
Planning Issues…2-6
Issues Outside the Scope of the CCP/EA…2-12
References…2-13

CHAPTER 3: REFUGE MANAGEMENT ALTERNATIVES
Introduction…3-1
Features Common to All Alternatives…3-1
Alternative A: No Action…3-8
Alternative B: Proposed Action…3-23
Alternative C…3-44
Alternatives Components Considered but Eliminated from Detailed Analysis…3-57
References…3-65

CHAPTER 4: AFFECTED ENVIRONMENT
Lower Columbia River Ecosystem… 4-1
Physical Environment… 4-3
Refuge Habitats and Associated Wildlife… 4-8
Invasive Species… 4-20
Federally- and State-Listed Species… 4-22
Refuge Public Use Facilities, Activities and Programs… 4-30
Refuge Access and Administrative Facilities… 4-32
Cultural Resources… 4-34
Socioeconomic Environment… 4-38
Research and Monitoring… 4-44
Refuge Management Economics… 4-45
References… 4-46

CHAPTER 5: ENVIRONMENTAL CONSEQUENCES
Introduction…5-1
Effects on Physical Environment…5-2
Effects on Refuge Habitats and Associated Species…5-5
Effects on Wildlife and Plant Populations Including Listed Species…5-13
Effects on Public Education and Recreation…5-16
Effects on Cultural and Historic Environment…5-19
Economic Effects…5-20
Effects to Environmental Justice…5-20
References…5-28

CHAPTER 6: PLAN IMPLEMENTATION AND MONITORING
Introduction…6-1
Annual Funding…6-1
Costs to Implement CCP…6-2
Partnership Opportunities…6-12
Step-Down Management Plans…6-14
Monitoring and Evaluation…6-16
CCP Amendment and Revision…6-16

APPENDICES
Appendix A. Acronyms and Glossary
Appendix B. Public Scoping Report
Appendix C. List of Planning Team Members and Persons Responsible for Preparing this Document
Appendix D. Conservation Targets for Steigerwald Lake, Franz Lake and Pierce National Wildlife Refuges
Appendix E. Analysis of Hunting Opportunities at Pierce, Franz Lake, and Steigerwald Lake National Wildlife Refuges
Appendix F. Key Legislation and Policies
Appendix G. Wilderness Review
Appendix H. Overview of U.S. Army Corps of Engineers' Steigerwald Lake, Section 1135, Feasibility Study Project
Appendix I. Species Lists
Appendix J. Key Ecological Attributes of Focal Conservation Targets
Appendix K. Compatibility Determinations
Appendix L. Land Protection Plan
Appendix M Wetland Management Guidelines
Appendix N. Fire Management Plan Summary

LIST OF FIGURES
Figure 1-1. Refuge vicinity…1-3
Figure 1-2. Goals of the Gorge Refuges' CCP…1-4 (with Chapter 1 text)
Figure 1-3. Columbia River watershed and Pacific flyway…1-10
Figure 3-1. Draft Alternative A: Steigerwald Lake National Wildlife Refuge…3-20
Figure 3-2. Draft Alternative A: Franz Lake National Wildlife Refuge…3-21
Figure 3-3. Draft Alternative A: Pierce National Wildlife Refuge…3-22
Figure 3-4. Draft Alternative B: Steigerwald Lake National Wildlife Refuge…3-41
Figure 3-5. Draft Alternative B: Franz Lake National Wildlife Refuge…3-42
Figure 3-6. Draft Alternative B: Pierce National Wildlife Refuge…3-43
Figure 3-7. Draft Alternative C: Steigerwald Lake National Wildlife Refuge…3-54
Figure 3-8. Draft Alternative C: Franz Lake National Wildlife Refuge…3-55
Figure 3-9. Draft Alternative C: Pierce National Wildlife Refuge…3-56
Figure 4-1. Natural areas of biological significance in the lower Columbia River…4-2
Figure 4-2. Base vegetation: Steigerwald Lake National Wildlife Refuge…4-11
Figure 4-3. Base vegetation: Franz Lake National Wildlife Refuge…4-12
Figure 4-4. Base vegetation: Pierce National Wildlife Refuge…4-13

LIST OF TABLES (You can find the Tables in the chapter files.)
Table 2-1. Focal conservation targets selected in the CCP planning process to represent the conservation targets for the Gorge Refuges…2-5
Table 3-1. Summary comparison of proposed alternatives…3-61
Table 4-1. Historic change in wetland and riparian cover, Steigerwald Lake Refuge…4-9
Table 4-2. Acres of potential wetland habitat, Steigerwald Lake Refuge…4-10
Table 4-3. Estimated acres of riparian communities on the Gorge Refuges…4-15
Table 4-4. Canada geese surveys, 1998 through 2003, Steigerwald Lake Refuge…4-18
Table 4-5. Special status species of birds, Gorge Refuges…4-23
Table 4-6. Special status species of mammals, Gorge Refuges…4-24
Table 4-7. Special status reptiles and amphibians species, Gorge Refuges…4-25
Table 4-8. Special status species of fish, Gorge Refuges…4-28
Table 4-9. Special status species of plants, Gorge Refuges…4-30
Table 4-10. Average number of visitors per mile of Columbia River Dike Trail observed during a walking survey from March 2002 to March 2004…4-32
Table 4-11. Known cultural sites and National Register of Historic Places status…4-38
Table 4-12. Socioeconomic profile of Clark and Skamania Counties and Washington State… 4-39
Table 4-13. Land use profile for Clark and Skamania Counties… 4-40
Table 4-14. Public use opportunities available in Washington near the Gorge Refuges …4-42
Table 5-1. Summary of environmental consequences of the alternatives… 5-21
Table 6-1. Estimated costs (excluding Service personnel) and priority rank of projects proposed in Alternative B of the Gorge Refuges CCP… 6-6
Table 6-2. Annual salary and benefits for current and proposed staff to accomplish the projects identified in the Gorge Refuge CCP… 6-10
Table 6-3. Estimated fraction of a full-time equivalent (FTE) Service employee for 13 staff positions (11.5 FTEs) to complete projects proposed in the Gorge CCP… 6-11
Table 6-4. Maintenance projects and associated costs in FY 2003 MMS database for the Gorge Refuges… 6-11
Table 6-5. Estimated costs to implement the Gorge Refuges CCP… 6-12

Information Updated: August 2004