The Road to Recovery for the Aleutian Canada Goose

1750 - First known introduction of foxes onto Aleutian Islands

1750 to 1936 - Arctic foxes and red foxes introduced to at least 190 islands within the breeding range of the Aleutian Canada goose in Alaska

1811 - First complaints from Aleut Natives that foxes had caused severe declines in birds that had once been numerous.

1938 to 1962 - Aleutian Canada geese were not found on any of the islands where they historically nested; thought to be extinct.

1963 - Fish and Wildlife Service biologist found remnant population on remote Buldir Island in the western Aleutian Islands. Population estimated at between 200 and 300 birds; Goslings captured to start first captive breeding flock.

March 1967 - The Aleutian Canada goose was officially declared an endangered species under the Endangered Species Protection Act of 1966 (law that preceded the Endangered Species Act).

1971-1982 - Captive-reared and translocated wild Aleutian Canada geese released on fox-free islands.

1973 - The Endangered Species Act passes Congress and becomes law.

1973-1984 - Hunting closures implemented for Aleutian Canada geese on wintering and breeding grounds.

1975 - Recovery team begins developing formal recovery program.
Spring population estimate 790 birds.
Recovery actions implemented including the removal of foxes from breeding grounds on the Aleutian Islands and translocation of geese to unpopulated islands.

1984 - Geese begin to successfully breed again on 1 of the restored islands. Foxes successfully removed from 4 additional islands.

1990 - Populations reached 6,300 geese. The Aleutian Canada goose was reclassified from endangered to the less imperiled threatened status. Recovery plan was revised, establishing objectives for measuring recovery and indicating when delisting should be considered.

1990-1998 - Recovery tasks continue to be implemented. Population averages 20 percent growth rate.

1998 -One of three recovery goals met

1999 - Population exceeds 37,000 geese, over five times the original goal for delisting. The Aleutian Canada goose has reached a fully recovered status. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service propose to delist the species, opening a 90 day public comment period., gathering and evaluating public comment on the proposal.

February 2001 - The Fish and Wildlife Service, with its partners, celebrates recovery of the goose with delisting expected soon.