Migratory Birds & Habitat Programs
Pacific Region



Duck Stamp & Junior Duck Stamp

Federal Migratory Bird Hunting and Conservation Stamps,commonly known as “Duck Stamps,” are pictorial stamps produced by the U.S. Postal Service for the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service. A Federal Duck Stamp is required for hunting, but they are a vital tool for wetland conservation. Ninety-eight cents out of every dollar generated by the sales of Federal Duck Stamps goes directly to purchase or lease wetland habitat for protection in the National Wildlife Refuge System. Understandably, the Federal Duck Stamp Program has been called one of the most successful conservation programs ever initiated and is a highly effective way to conserve America’s natural resources. For more information, please visit the national Federal Duck Stamp Office website. 

The Junior Duck Stamp Program is a great way to get youth involved in art and the outdoors. The curriculum teaches wetlands and waterfowl conservation to students kindergarten through high school. Find your Junior Duck Stamp State Coordinator and get started today!

At right, 2011 Junior Duck Stamp Winner Abraham Hunter, 17, of Vienna, IL.

Jr Duck Stamp Winner

Survey & Monitoring

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service) conducts annual Waterfowl Population Surveys to monitor and manage waterfowl populations. The Service utilizes aerial surveys to count waterfowl and other birds for research purposes. The Service also uses hunter surveys and questionairres to provide biologists with the information they need to make sound decisions concerning hunting seasons, bag limits, and waterfowl population management. The Migratory Bird Harvest Information Program (HIP) is a method by which your state wildlife agency and the Service use to develop more reliable estimates of the number of all migratory birds harvested throughout the country.  


Report a Band

Reporting Bird Bands is essential component of bird conservation science and management. If you saw or found a bird with a leg band or other human marking (telemetry, etc), please record all information that you can (species, type and location of marker, band number if you can read it) and report it at www.reportband.gov. Resightings and recoveries of bird bands are extremely helpful to bird conservation. Thank you!


Hunting & Management

Waterfowl hunting in North America is managed by Flyway Councils. The Pacific Region is located in the Pacific Flyway. The Pacific Flyway Council is an administrative body that supports cooperation among public wildlife agencies for the purpose of protecting and conserving migratory birds in western North America. The Council is composed of the director or an appointee from the public wildlife agency in each state and province in the western United States, Canada, and Mexico.


State Licenses

Hunting licenses and regulations vary by state. It is important to contact your state for more information. 


NonToxic Shot

Non-Toxic shot is required for waterfowl hunting and strongly recommended for all hunting activities.

Approved shot type*

Percent Composition by Weight

Field Testing Device**

Bismuth-tin 97 bismuth, and 3 tin Hot Shot7***
Iron (steel) iron and carbon Magnet or Hot Shot7
Iron-tungsten any proportion of tungsten, and >1 iron Magnet or Hot Shot7
Iron-tungsten-nickel >1 iron, any proportion of tungsten, and up to 40 nickel Magnet or Hot Shot7
Tungsten-bronze 51.1 tungsten, 44.4 copper, 3.9 tin, and 0.6 iron, Rare Earth Magnet
or 60 tungsten, 35.1 copper, 3.9 tin, and 1 iron
Tungsten-iron-copper-nickel 40-76 tungsten, 10-37 iron, 9-16 copper, and Hot Shot7 or Rare Earth Magnet
5-7 nickel
Tungsten-matrix 95.9 tungsten, 4.1 polymer Hot Shot7
Tungsten-polymer 95.5 tungsten, 4.5 Nylon 6 or 11 Hot Shot7
Tungsten-tin-iron any proportions of tungsten and tin, and >1 iron Magnet or Hot Shot7
Tungsten-tin-bismuth any proportions of tungsten, tin, and bismuth. Rare Earth Magnet
Tungsten-tin-iron-nickel 65 tungsten, 21.8 tin, 10.4 iron, and 2.8 nickel Magnet
Tungsten-iron-polymer 41.5-95.2 tungsten, 1.5-52.0 iron, and Magnet or Hot Shot7
3.5-8.0 fluoropolymer
* Coatings of copper, nickel, tin, zinc, zinc chloride, and zinc chrome on approved nontoxic shot types also are approved. ** This column is for information only, it is not regulatory. *** The HOT*SHOT field testing device is from Stream Systems of Concord, CA.

Can’t find what you need?  Have a recommendation for information that would be helpful on this page?  We appreciate your feedback.

Last updated: June 5, 2014

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