Skip Navigation

Depredation Frequently Asked Questions

A Federal Depredation Permit is required to remove eagle and/or migratory bird, eggs, and chicks. Depredation permits may be issued to protect health and human safety, agricultural resources, or certain damage to public or private property. Depredation permits cannot be issued for construction activities. Permits are rarely issued to remove active migratory bird nests unless the applicant can demonstrate significant and immediate human health and safety risk. All requests for addling of Canada Goose Eggs must go through Resident Canada Goose Egg Registration website.

You need to obtain a Wildlife Services Form 37 to complete your application. Wildlife Services is under the U.S. Department of Agriculture – Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (USDA-APHIS). They can be reached at 1-(866) 487-3297.
  • Please see our Depredation Frequently Asked Questions prior to applying. Some points to remember are:
    • You do NOT need a permit to scare or harass migratory birds. You may scare migratory birds year-round as long as it does not injure the bird or result in abandonment of an active nest.
    • You DO need a permit to scare or harass eagles.
    • You do NOT need a permit to remove empty migratory bird nests prior to egg-laying or after chicks leave.
    • You DO need a permit to remove eagle nests.
    • You do NOT need a federal permit to conduct activities under a standing Depredation Order.
    • You DO need to demonstrate substantial non-lethal methods such as harassing/hazing, exclusions, habitat management, and cultural practices prior to applying for a permit

Application Processing Fee: $100 (private home- $50)
Amendment Fee: $50 (private home– no fee)
Duration Valid: up to 1 year
Annual Report Requirements: 30 days after expiration
State Permit Requirement: none (HI, ID, OR, WA)
Governing Regulations: 50 CFR §21.41

Pacific Region Application Check List (migratory birds)
Application Form (migratory birds)
Pacific Region Application Check List (eagles)
Application Form (eagles)
Depredation Annual Report
Special Canada Goose (state agencies only)

Disclaimer: Please print this page for your records. This website is a "plain English" guide to Migratory Birds and Migratory Bird Permitting. It is not meant to cover every Migratory Bird situation or all of the details of the Migratory Bird Treaty Act and associated Policies. While every attempt is made to ensure the information is up-to-date and accurate, the USFWS is not responsible for misinformation. Furthermore, this website is not intended to replace the advice of USFWS employees. It is intended to give a basic framework and help in your everyday Migratory Bird questions. Changes in Migratory Bird rules occur regularly and often quickly. If you have a Migratory Bird question, you should contact an appropriate USFWS employee and provide him or her with all the relevant facts before taking action.


Last Updated: March 17, 2015
Return to main navigation