Peer Review of Scientific Information
Pacific Region

Proposed Rule to list Phyllostegia hispida (No Common Name) as Endangered Throughout Its Range

About the Document
Title: Proposed rule to list Phyllostegia hispida (No Common Name) as Endangered
Throughout Its Range
Estimated Dissemination Date of the Proposed Rule: February 2008
Estimated Peer Review Timeframe: February – April 2008
Type of review: Influential
About the Peer Review Process
In accordance with the requirements of the Office of Management and Budget’s Final
Information Quality Bulletin for Peer Review and the Fish and Wildlife Service and
National Marine Fisheries Service’s interagency peer review policy, we will initiate peer
review of the science relevant to the proposed rule to list Phyllostegia hispida (no
common name) as endangered throughout its range and our determination that critical
habitat for Phyllostegia hispida is prudent but not determinable at this time.

The Service will solicit comments from at least three independent scientific reviewers
who will submit individual comments in written form. Peer reviewers will be selected by
the Service. The scientific peer review will run concurrently with public review. We
will solicit reviews from experts who are willing to commit to providing an objective
review within the needed time frame. Reviewers will be selected by the Service from
specialists in the relevant areas of expertise. We will strive to strike a balance between
reviewers on one side of the decision with those on the other side and will avoid selecting peer reviewers who are likely to experience personal gain or loss as a result of the Service’s decision.

The primary disciplines or expertise that are needed for this peer review are: botany,
island ecology, and conservation biology. We anticipate soliciting comments from 4 to
10 peer reviewers for this review.

The Service will provide each peer reviewer with information necessary to complete the
peer review. Because the peer review comment period will run concurrently with the
public comment period, we cannot provide them with public comments prior to their
review. However, we will ask the peer reviewers to determine whether the relevant data
were considered and whether they were considered appropriately. We will also ask them to evaluate uncertainty and the strength of the data and conclusions. Deadline for receipt of reviews will be clearly stated. Peer review comments will be public documents.

Will the public and/or scientific or professional societies be asked to
nominate peer reviewers?:
Are waivers or deferrals being invoked? No.
Estimated Start Date of Peer Review: February 2008.
About Public Participation
The public is invited to comment on this plan and on the proposed rule during the public
comment period on the proposed rule. We expect the public comment period to be open from February through April, 2008; however, these dates are subject to change and are dependent upon publication of the proposed rule.
Call Patrick Leonard, Field Supervisor, Pacific Islands Fish and Wildlife Office, at (808)
792-9400 for additional information regarding this peer review plan.

Last updated: November 5, 2013
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