Proposed rule to List 38 Species on Molokai, Lanai, and Maui as Endangered and
Designate Critical Habitat on Molokai, Lanai, Maui, and Kahoolawe for 135 Species
About the Document
Title: Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Listing 38 Species on Molokai,
Lanai, and Maui as Endangered and Designating Critical Habitat on Molokai, Lanai,
Maui, and Kahoolawe for 135 Species.
Estimated Dissemination Date of the Proposed Rule: The proposed rule
published in the Federal Register on June 11, 2012 (77 FR 34464).
Estimated Peer Review Timeframe: Letters to peer reviewers requesting peer
review will be distributed within 5 days of publication of the proposed rule. The
comment period for the Maui Nui species will be a minimum of 60 days following
publication of the proposed rule. The peer review report will be made available within 60
days following the close of the comment period.
Type of review: Influential
About the Peer Review Process
In accordance with the requirements of the Office of Management and Budget's Final
Information Quality Bulletin for Peer Review and the Fish and Wildlife Service and
National Marine Fisheries Service's interagency peer review policy, we will initiate peer
review of the science relevant to the proposed rule to List 38 Species on Molokai, Lanai,
and Maui as Endangered and Designate Critical Habitat on Molokai, Lanai, Maui, and
Kahoolawe for 135 Species.
The Service will solicit comments from at least three independent scientific reviewers
who will submit individual comments in written form. Peer reviewers will be selected by
the Service. The scientific peer review will run concurrently with public review. We
will solicit reviews from experts who are willing to commit to providing an objective
review within the needed time frame. Reviewers will be selected by the Service from
specialists in the relevant areas of expertise. We will strive to strike a balance between
reviewers on one side of the decision with those on the other side and will avoid selecting
peer reviewers who are likely to experience personal gain or loss as a result of the
Service's decision. Service employees will not be used for this peer review.
The primary disciplines or expertise that are needed for this peer review are in three main
areas: (1) Hawaiian plant biology and conservation, habitat restoration, Hawaiian
vegetation ecology and management; (2) Hawaiian forest bird biology and ecology,
conservation and habitat restoration; and (3) Hawaiian tree snail biology and ecology,
conservation, and habitat restoration. We anticipate soliciting comments from more than
10 peer reviewers for this review in order to receive a minimum of three peer review
responses for each of the three main areas.
The Service will provide each peer reviewer with information necessary to complete the
peer review. Because the peer review comment period will run concurrently with the
public comment period, we cannot provide them with public comments prior to their
review. However, we will ask the peer reviewers to determine whether the relevant data
were considered and whether they were considered appropriately. We will also ask them
to evaluate uncertainty and the strength of the data and conclusions. Deadline for receipt
of reviews will be clearly stated. Peer review comments will be public documents.
Will the public and/or scientific or professional societies be asked to
nominate peer reviewers?: No.
Are waivers or deferrals being invoked? No.
Estimated Start Date of Peer Review: Letters to peer reviewers requesting a peer review will be distributed within 5 days of publication of the proposed rule.
About Public Participation
The public is invited to comment on this plan and on the proposed rule during the public
comment period on the proposed rule. We expect the public comment period to be open
from June 11, 2012, through August 10, 2012.
Contact Loyal Mehrhoff, Field Supervisor, Pacific Islands Fish and Wildlife Office, 300
Ala Moana Boulevard, Box 50088, Honolulu, HI 96850; by telephone at 808–792–9400;
or by facsimile at 808–792–9581, for additional information regarding this peer review