Types of Facilities
National Fish Hatcheries:
There are 19 National Fish
Hatcheries in the Pacific Region that annually produce over
60 million fish. All of these hatcheries, along with our
many other Fishery Program offices, are important components
of an integrated
approach to the management and restoration of aquatic
species and their environments.
Hatcheries have long played an important role in supporting
recreational, commercial, and international fisheries, as well
as in meeting our Tribal Trust responsibilities,
and continue to do so today. However, with the decline and
endangerment of many native species, Pacific Region hatcheries
must now also play an important role in supporting the restoration
and recovery of these species.
Salmon remain the focus of most of our hatchery efforts in
the Pacific Region, though we also work with other anadromous and resident species
as well. Hatchery Review will, with the help of our partners, ensure that
the operations of our hatcheries and the fish they produce
will help, not harm, our native species and environments and
thus continue a legacy of fish and fishing for all to enjoy
Fish Health Centers:
These offices provide long term pathogen surveys and monitoring of fish at National Fish Hatcheries and selected wild fish populations as well as diverse disease diagnostics and investigational studies. The four Fish Health Centers within Region 1 are the lead offices in fish pathogen containment, emergency disease control, and epidemiology assistance to fishery managers. They provide training, policy and biological guidance for fish disease and fish health management to the Region and other Service offices as requested. They assist a wide range of cooperators including states, tribes, non-governmental organizations and other federal agencies with fish health technical and training services. Expertise includes aquatic animal health, physiology, pathology, and microbiology. These facilities include Idaho, Lower Columbia, and Olympia Fish Health Centers.
Fish and Wildlife Offices:
Fish and Wildlife Offices are one of two types of Fishery Management Offices in the Pacific Region of the US Fish and Wildlife Service. Fish and Wildlife Offices are distinct from Fishery Resource Offices in that they include a combination of the functions of the Fisheries Program and the Ecological Services Program. The Fisheries functions of the Fish and Wildlife Offices include the same responsibilities as those carried out by a Fisheries Resource Office. The Washington Fish and Wildlife Office, which includes a Fisheries Program, is the only facility that fits this description in the Pacific Region. For a description of the Ecological Services functions of Fish and Wildlife Offices, see the Ecological Services Program webpage.
Fishery Resource Offices:
Fishery Resource Offices are one of two types of Fishery Management Offices in the Pacific Region of the US Fish and Wildlife Service. Fishery Resource offices assist in the collection, evaluation, coordination, and dissemination of fisheries information to help restore declining fish species, recover species listed under the Endangered Species Act, preclude the need for future listings of new species, and provide science-based management of aquatic resources. They provide long-term monitoring, evaluation and technical support to assess the status of fish and aquatic species populations. They provide technical assistance to agencies that have authority to set fish management regulations and to many land owners (e.g., federal, state, tribal, and private) to prevent the loss of, damage to, and best management practices for the long-term benefit of fish and their habitats. Fishery Resources Offices promote interagency coordination by serving on technical and policy level workgroups (committees, councils, commissions, etc.) in the areas of hydrosystems, harvest, hatchery, and habitat management. Examples of these offices include the Columbia River Fisheries Program Office, the Idaho Fisheries Resource Office, and the Mid Columbia Fisheries Resource Office.
Fish Technology Centers:
Fish Technology Centers provide leadership in scientifically-based management of national fishery resources through development of new concepts and techniques to solve specific resource problems in aquatic restoration and recovery activities. There are only seven Fish Technology Centers nationwide. Within the Pacific Region, the Abernathy Fish Technology Center staff conduct applied research programs in behavioral physiology, nutrition, pathology, microbiology, genetics, and fish culture. Technical assistance is provided in these program areas, and in the fields of biostatistics and chemistry, to federal, state, tribal, recreational, and conservation entities. The major emphases of these programs are to: (1) assist in the "repositioning" of US Fish and Wildlife Service, Pacific Region, National Fish Hatcheries as tools in the conservation of natural populations; (2) examine the use of natural brood stocks by federal hatcheries to meet management objectives; and (3) promote and support captive propagation and management methods that result in healthy Pacific salmon, steelhead/rainbow trout, cutthroat and bull trout, and white sturgeon populations.
Lower Snake River Compensation Program: The Lower Snake River Fish and Wildlife Compensation Plan (LSRCP) was authorized by the Water Resources Development Act of 1976 to compensate for fish and wildlife resource losses in Oregon, Washington, and Idaho caused by the construction and operation of the four lower Snake River hydroelectric dams and navigation lock projects. A hatchery program was authorized and constructed as part of this program to rear salmon, steelhead, and resident trout to compensate for fewer adult fish returns to the Snake River basin and the associated loss of fishing opportunities. The Fish and Wildlife Service's LSRCP Office in Boise, Idaho administers the production program and funds the operation of 26 hatchery, research, and fish health facilities using monies generated by the Bonneville Power Administration's sale of hydroelectric power. The program is operated, monitored, and evaluated cooperatively by the Oregon, Washington, and Idaho state fisheries agencies; the Nez Perce Tribe; the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation; the Shoshone-Bannock Tribes of Fort Hall, Idaho; and the Fish and Wildlife Service