Partnering for Conservation
The Coastal Program works cooperatively with states; tribes; governmental and non-governmental organizations; industry, and private landowners to conserve our nation’s coastal trust resources.
Field Coastal Programs
Most Coastal Program activities within the Pacific Region are handled by our Fish and Wildlife field offices. Please select a program below to access more detailed information about activities in your area.
National Coastal Program website
The National Coastal Wetlands Conservation Grant Program (.PDF file)
Oregon Coastal Program (link to program)
Oregon Coastal Program (.PDF file)
The Pacific Islands Coastal Program (link to program)
The Pacific Islands Coastal Program (.PDF file)
The Puget Sound Coastal Program (link to program)
The Puget Sound Coastal Program (.PDF file)
The Importance of Coastal Ecosystems
Our Nation's coasts provide important fish and wildlife habitat, far beyond their limited geographic extent. Coastal ecosystems comprise less than 10 percent of the Nation's land area, but support far greater proportions of our living resources. For example, coastal areas support a much higher percentage of the Nation's threatened and endangered species fishery resources, migratory songbirds, and migrating and wintering waterfowl.
Today, these species and their habitats face serious threats in coastal regions from human population growth and the development and disturbance that are often a consequence of growth. Population projections indicate that our coastlines will continue to receive the majority of the Nation's growth and development, promising to compound today's habitat losses.
As habitat is degraded, reduced or eliminated, plants and animals suffer population losses that can lead to the need for protection under the Endangered Species Act. The Service's Coastal Program is working to avoid further species declines by enhancing its efforts within the Nation's coastal areas and securing funding for conservation, including habitat restoration efforts.
How the Coastal Program Works
The Coastal Program integrates all Service activities in high priority coastal ecosystems to:
• Identify the most important natural resource problems and solutions;
• Influence the planning and decision-making processes of other agencies and organizations with the Service's living resource capabilities;
• Implement solutions on-the-ground in partnership with others; and
• Instill a stewardship ethic, and catalyze the public to help solve problems, change behaviors, and promote ecologically sound decisions.
The Program provides technical and financial assistance in high-priority coastal areas in the form of cost sharing with partners in support of restoration and protection of coastal habitats.