Ouray National Wildlife Refuge
Mountain-Prairie Region
Plant List

Grasses

Crested Wheatgrass Agropyron cristatum

Western Wheatgrass Agropyron smithii

Slender Wheatgrass Agropyron trachycaulum

Creeping Bentgrass Agrostis stolonifera

Purple Three-awn Aristida purpurea

American Sloughgrass Beckmannia syzigachne

Cheatgrass Bromus tectorum

Inland Saltgrass Distichlis spicata

Barnyard Grass Echinochloa crusgalli

Nodding Wildrye Elymus canadensis

Low Creeping Wildrye Elymus simplex

Sixweeks Fescue Festuca octoflora

Galleta Hilaria jamesii

Foxtail Barley Hordeum jubatum

Scratchgrass Muhlenbergia asperifolia

Indian Ricegrass Oryzopsis hymenoides

Old Witchgrass Panicum capillare

Common Reed Phragmites australis

Sandberg Bluegrass Poa secunda

Rabbitfoot Grass Polypogon monspeliensis

Squirreltail Sitanion hystrix

Alkali Sacaton Sporobolus airoides

Sand Dropseed Sporobolus cryptandrus

Needle-and-Thread Grass Stipa comata

Forbs and Weeds

Lowland Purslane Sesuvium sessile

Redroot Amaranth Amaranthus retroflexus

Springparsley Cymopterus acaulis

Onion Springparsley Cymopterus bulbosus

Uintah Basin Springparsley Cymopterus duchesnensis

Purple Springparsley Cymopterus purpurascens

Hemp Dogbane Apocynum cannabinum

Pallid Milkweed Asclepias cryptoceras

Labriform Milkweed Asclepias labriformis

Showy Milkweed Asclepias speciosa

Bur Ragweed Ambrosia tomentosa

Leafy Aster Aster frondosus

Nodding Beggarticks Bidens cernua

Russian Knapweed Centaurea repens

Douglas Chaenactis Chaenactis douglasii

False Yarrow Chaenactis stevioides

Creeping Thistle Cirsium arvense

Bull Thistle Cirsium vulgare

Dandelion Hawksbeard Crepis runcinata glauca

Enceliopis Enceliopsis nutans

Fleabane Erigeron bellidiastrum typicus

Low Fleabane Erigeron pumilus

Lowland Cudweed Gnaphalium palustre

Curlycup Gumweed Grindelia squarrosa

Broom Snakeweed Gutierrezia sarothrae

Orange Sneezeweed Helenium autumnale

Wild Sunflower Helianthus annuus

Sunflower Helianthus petiolaris

Showy Goldeneye Heliomeris multiflora

Fineleaf Hymenopappus Hymenopappus filifolius luteus

Poverty Sumpweed Iva axillaris

Chicory Lettuce Lactuca tatarica

Heath Aster Leucelene ericoides

Skeleton Plant Lygodesmia grandiflora

Purple Aster Machaeranthera canescens

Discoid Tansyaster Machaeranthera grindelioides

Desert Dandelion Malacothrix sonchoides

Platyschkuhria integrifolia

Prenanthella exigua

Canada Goldenrod Solidago canadensis

Missouri Goldenrod Solidago missouriensis

Western Goldenrod Solidago occidentalis

Field Sowthistle Sonchus arvensis

Prickly Sowthistle Sonchus asper

Wirelettuce Stephanomeria paucifloria

Wirelettuce Stephanomeria runcinata

Nuttall Horsebrush Tetradymia nuttallii

Cottonthorn Horsebrush Tetradymia spinosa

Towndsendia Townsendia grandiflora

Towndsendia Townsendia incana

Yellow Salsify Tragopogon dubius

Rough Cocklebur Xanthium strumarium

Desert Daisy Xylorhiza venusta

Cryptantha Cryptantha ambigua

Yellow Cryptantha Cryptantha flava

Cryptantha Cryptantha paradoxa

Desert Stickseed Lappula redowskii

Persoon Tiquilia nuttallii

Beauty Rockcress Arabis pulchra

Rough Wallflower Erysimum asperum

Prairie Pepperweed Lepidium densiflorum

Giant Whitetop Lepidium latifolium

Mountain Pepperweed Lepidium montanum

African Mustard Malcolmia africana

Common Twinpod Physaria acutifolia

Blunt-leaf Yellowcress Rorippa curvipes

Marsh Yellowcress Rorippa islandica

Cress Rorippa lyrata

Flaxleafed Plainsmustard Schoencrambe linifolia

Tall Tumble Mustard Sisymbrium altissimum

Thelypodiopsis elegans

Yellow Bee-plant Cleome lutea

Rocky Mountain Bee-plant Cleome serrulata

Fendler Sandwort Arenaria fendleri eastwoodiae

Chenopodium atrovirens

Fremont Goosefoot Chenopodium fremontii

Oakleaf Goosefoot Chenopodium glaucum

Green Molly Kochia americana

Kochia Weed Kochia scoparia

Povertyweed Monolepis nuttalliana

Russian Thistle Salsola iberica

Halogeton Halogeton glomeratus

Field Bindweed Convolvulus arvensis

Dodder Cuscuta spp.

Spurge Euphorbia albomarginata

Fendler Euphorbia Euphorbia fendleri

Locoweed Astragalus amphioxys

Cicada Milkvetch Astragalus chamaeleuce

Lesser Rushy Milkvetch Astragalus convallarius

Duchesne Milkvetch Astragalus duchesnensis

Yellow Milkvetch Astragalus flavus

Geyer Milkvetch Astragalus geyeri

Astragalus hamiltonii

Woolly Locoweed Astragalus mollissimus

Draba Milkvetch Astragalus spatulatus

American Wild Licorice Glycyrrhiza lepidota

Dwarf Lupine Lupinus pusillus

Yellow Sweetclover Melilotus officinalis

Silvery Sophora Sophora stenophylla

Tall Centaury Mentaurium exaltatum

Nama densum

Scorpionweed Phacelia crenulata

Scorpionweed Phacelia ivesiana

Geyer Onion Allium geyeri

Wild Onion Allium textile

Asparagus Asparagus officinalis

Sego Lily Calochortus nuttallii

False Solomon's Seal Smilacina stellata

Whitestem Mentzelia Mentzelia albicaulis

Brushy Mentzelia Mentzelia dispersa

Wingseed Mentzelia Mentzelia pterosperma

Purple Ammannia Ammannia robusta

Alkali-mallow Malvella leprosa

Scarlet Globemallow Sphaeralcea coccinea

Nelson Globemallow Sphaeralcea parvifolia

Sandverbena Abronia elliptica

Narrowleaf Umbrellawort Mirabilis linearis

Tripterocalyx micranthus

Barestem Camissonia Camissonia scapoidea

Small-flowered Gaura Gaura parviflora

Tufted Evening-primrose Oenothera caespitosa

Evening-primrose Oenothera elata

Pale Evening-primrose Oenothera pallida

Plantain Plantago asiatica

Broadleaf Plantain Plantago major

Woolly Plantain Plantago patagonica

Ballhead Gilia Gilia congesta

Gilia Gilia leptomeria

Gilia Gilia polycladon

Dwarf Gilia Gilia pumila

Common Prickly Phlox Lepodactylon pungens

Hood Phlox Phlox hoodii

Wild Sweet William Phlox longifolia

Eriogonum batemanii

Nodding Eriogonum Eriogonum cernuum

Big Wild Buckwheat Eriogonum corymbosum

Eriogonum flexum

Gordon's Umbrella Plant Eriogonum gordonii

Eriogonum hookeri

Desert Trumpet Eriogonum Eriogonum inflatum

Slenderbush Eriogonum Eriogonum microthecum

Eriogonum salsuginosum

Shockley Wild Buckwheat Eriogonum shockleyi

Green Eriogonum Eriogonum viridulum

Western Virgin-bower Clematis ligusticifolia

Nuttall Larkspur Delphinium nuttallianum

Brook Cinquefoil Potentilla rivalis

Desert Paintbrush Castilleja chromosa

Marsh Paintbrush Castilleja exilis

Black Nightshade Solanum nigrum

Prostrate Verbena Verbena bracteata

Aquatic and Wetland Plants

Narrowleaf Water-plantain Alisma gramineum

Bur-head Echinodorus berteroiUpright Burhead Echinodorus rostratus

Arrowhead Sagittaria cuneata

Salt Heliotrope Heliotropium curassavicum

Saltmarsh Sandspurry Spergularia marina

Chara spp

Awned Flatsedge Cyperus aristatus

Needle Spikerush Eleocharis acicularis

Common Spikerush Eleocharis palustris

Dwarf Spikerush Eleocharis parvula

Hardstem Bulrush Scirpus acutus

Alkali Bulrush Scirpus maritimus

Bulrush Scirpus saximontanus

Softstem Bulrush Scirpus validus

Smooth Scouring-rush Equisetum laevigatum

Alpine Rush Juncus alpinus

Wiregrass Juncus arcticus

Toad Rush Juncus bufonius

Torrey Rush Juncus torreyi

Marsh Hedgenettle Stachys palustris pilosa

Water Smartweed Polygonum amphibium

Dooryard-grass Polygonum aviculare

Pale Smartweed Polygonum lapathifolium

Curly Dock Rumex crispus

Canaigre Rumex hymenosepalus

Golden Dock Rumex maritimus

Bitter Dock Rumex obtusifolius

Western Dock Rumex occidentalis

Longleaf Pondweed Potamogeton nodosus

Sago Pondweed Potamogeton pectinatus

Hairleaf Water-buttercup Ranunculus aquatilis

Rocky Mtn. Buttercup Ranunculus cymbalaria

Pennsylvania Buttercup Ranunculus pennsylvanicus

Meadowrue Thalictrum spp

Hedge Hyssop Gratiola neglecta

Mudwort Limosella aquatica

Water Speedwell Veronica anagallis-aquatica

Common Cattail Typha latifolia

Fogfruit Phyla cuneifolia

Woody Plants

Squaw Bush Rhus trilobata

Biennial Wormwood Artemisia biennis

Tarragon Artemisia dracunculus

Prairie Sage Artemisia ludoviciana var. ludoviciana

Black Sagebrush Artemisia nova

Bud Sagebrush Artemisia spinescens

Big Sagebrush Artemisia tridentata

Mohave Brickellbush Brickellia oblongifolia

Rubber Rabbitbrush Chrysothamnus nauseosus

Low Rabbitbrush Chrysothamnus viscidiflorus

Silverscale Atriplex argentea

Fourwing Saltbush Atriplex canescens

Shadscale Atriplex confertifolia

Mat Saltbush Atriplex corrugata

Castle Valley Saltbush Atriplex gardneri cuneata

Atriplex heterosperma

Fivehook Bassia Bassia hyssopifolia

Winterfat Ceratoides lanata

Spiny Hopsage Grayia spinosa

Black Greasewood Sarcobatus vermiculatus

Russian-olive Elaeagnus angustifolia

Silver Buffaloberry Shepherdia argentea

Torrey Mormon Tea Ephedra torreyana

Woods Rose Rosa woodsii

Fremont Cottonwood Populus fremontii

Peach-leaf Willow Salix amygdaloides

Narrow-leaf Willow Salix exigua

Whiplash Willow Salix lasiandra

Tamarisk Tamarix ramosissima

Cactus

Ball Cactus Coryphantha vivipara

Plains Pricklypear Opuntia polyacantha

Uintah Basin Hookless Cactus Sclerocactus glaucus

Last updated: October 23, 2012