Ouray National Wildlife Refuge
Mountain-Prairie Region
Bird List
pelicans

Loons
Common Loon Gavia immer

Grebes
Pied-billed Grebe* Podilymbus podiceps
Horned Grebe Podiceps auritus
Eared Grebe* Podiceps nigricollis
Western Grebe* Aechmophorus occidentalis

Pelicans and Cormorants
merican White Pelican Pelecanus erythrorhynchos
Double-crested Cormorant* Phalacrocorax auritus

Wading Birds
American Bittern Botaurus lentiginosus
Least Bittern Ixobrychus exilis
Great Blue Heron* Ardea herodias
Great Egret Casmerodius albus
Snowy Egret* Egretta thula
Green Heron Butorides virescens
Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea
Black-crowned Night-Heron* Nycticorax nycticorax
White-faced Ibis* Plegadis chihi

Swans, Geese, Ducks, and Mergansers
Trumpeter Swan Cygnus buccinator
Tundra Swan Cygnus columbianus
Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons
Snow Goose Chen caerulescens
Canada Goose* Branta canadensis
Wood Duck Aix sponsa
Green-winged Teal* Anas crecca
Mallard* Anas platyrhynchos
Northern Pintail* Anas acuta
Blue-winged Teal* Anas discors
Cinnamon Teal* Anas cyanoptera
Northern Shoveler* Anas clypeata
Gadwall* Anas strepera
American Wigeon* Anas americana
Canvasback* Aythya valisineria
Redhead* Aythya americana
Ring-necked Duck Aythya collaris
Greater Scaup Aythya marila
Lesser Scaup Aythya affinis
Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula
Barrow's Goldeneye Bucephala islandica
Bufflehead Bucephala albeola
Hooded Merganser Lophodytes cucullatus
Common Merganser* Mergus merganser
Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator
Ruddy Duck* Oxyura jamaicensis

Vultures, Eagles, Hawks, and Falcons
Turkey Vulture* Cathartes aura
Osprey Pandion haliaetus
Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus
Northern Harrier* Circus cyaneus
Sharp-shinned Hawk Accipiter striatus
Cooper's Hawk Accipiter cooperii
Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis
Swainson's Hawk* Buteo swainsoni
Red-tailed Hawk* Buteo jamaicensis
Ferruginous Hawk Buteo regalis
Rough-legged Hawk Buteo lagopus
Golden Eagle* Aquila chrysaetos
American Kestrel* Falco sparverius
Merlin Falco columbarius
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus
Prairie Falcon* Falco mexicanus

Gamebirds
Ring-necked Pheasant* Phasianus colchicus
Sage Grouse Centrocercus urophasianus

Rails and Coots
Virginia Rail* Rallus limicola
Sora* Porzana carolina
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
American Coot Fulica americana

Cranes
Sandhill Crane Grus canadensis

Shorebirds
Lesser Golden-Plover Pluvialis dominica
Snowy Plover Charadrius alexandrinus
Semipalmated Plover Charadrius semipalmatus
Killdeer* Charadrius vociferus
|Black-necked Stilt* Himantopus mexicanus
American Avocet* Recurvirostra americana
Greater Yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca
Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes
Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria
Willet Catoptrophorus semipalmatus
Spotted Sandpiper* Actitis macularia
Long-billed Curlew* Numenius americanus
Marbled Godwit Limosa fedoa
Western Sandpiper Calidris mauri
Least Sandpiper Calidris minutilla
Baird's Sandpiper Calidris bairdii
Dunlin Calidris alpina
Short-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus griseus
Long-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus scolopaceus
Common Snipe* Gallinago gallinago
Wilson's Phalarope* Phalaropus tricolor
Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus

Gulls and Terns
Franklin's Gull Larus pipixcan
Bonaparte's Gull Larus philadelphia
Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis
California Gull Larus californicus
Herring Gull Larus argentatus
Caspian Tern Sterna caspia
Common Tern Sterna hirundo
Forster's Tern* Sterna forsteri
Black Tern* Chlidonias niger

Doves and Pigeons
Rock Dove Columba livia
Band-tailed Pigeon Columba fasciata
Mourning Dove* Zenaida macroura

Cuckoos
Yellow-billed Cuckoo* Coccyzus americanus

Owls
Western Screech-Owl Otis kennicottii
Great Horned Owl* Bubo virginianus
Burrowing Owl* Athene cunicularia
Long-eared Owl Asio otus
Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus
Northern Saw-whet Owl Aegolius acadicus

Nightjars
Common Nighthawk* Chordeiles minor
Common Poorwill Phalaenoptilus nuttallii

Swifts
White-throated Swift Aeronautes saxatalis

Hummingbirds
Black-chinned Hummingbird Archilochus alexandri
Broad-tailed Hummingbird Selasphorus platycercus
Rufous Hummingbird Selasphorus rufus

Kingfishers
Belted Kingfisher Ceryle alcyon

Flickers and Woodpeckers
Lewis' Woodpecker* Melanerpes lewis
Red-headed Woodpecker Melanerpes erythrocephalus
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker Sphyrapicus varius
Downy Woodpecker* Picoides pubescens
Hairy Woodpecker* Picoides villosus
Northern Flicker* Colaptes auratus

Tyrant Flycatchers
Western Wood-Pewee Contopus sordidulus
SW Willow Flycatcher Empidonax traillii ssp. adastus
Say's Phoebe* Sayornis saya
Vermilion Flycatcher Pyrocephalus rubinus
Ash-throated Flycatcher Myiarchus cinerascens
Western Kingbird* Tyrannus verticalis
Eastern Kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus

Larks
Horned Lark* Eremophila alpestris

Swallows
Purple Martin Progne subis
Tree Swallow Tachycineta bicolor
Violet-green Swallow Tachycineta thalassina
Northern Rough-winged Swallow* Stelgidopteryx serripennis
Bank Swallow Riparia riparia
Cliff Swallow* Petrochelidon pyrrhonota
Barn Swallow* Hirundo rustica

Jays, Magpies, and Crows
Pinyon Jay Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus
Black-billed Magpie* Pica pica
American Crow Corvus brachyrhynchos
Common Raven Corvus corax

Chickadees, Nuthatches, and Creepers
Black-capped Chickadee* Poecile atricapillus
Mountain Chickadee Poecile gambeli
White-breasted Nuthatch Sitta carolinensis
Red-breasted Nuthatch Sitta canadensis
Brown Creeper Certhia americana

Wrens
Rock Wren* Salpinctes obsoletus
Bewick's Wren Thryomanes bewickii
House Wren* Troglodytes aedon
Marsh Wren* Cistothorus palustris

Kinglets and Gnatcatchers
Golden-crowned Kinglet Regulus satrapa
Ruby-crowned Kinglet Regulus calendula
Blue-gray Gnatcatcher Polioptila caerulea

Thrushes
Western Bluebird Sialia mexicana
Mountain Bluebird Sialia currucoides
Townsend's Solitaire Myadestes townsendi
Swainson's Thrush Catharus ustulatus
American Robin* Turdus migratorius

Mockingbirds and Thrashers
Gray Catbird Dumetella carolinensis
Northern Mockingbird* Mimus polyglottos
Sage Thrasher Oreoscoptes montanus

Pipits
American (Water) Pipit Anthus rubescens

Waxwings
Bohemian Waxwing Bombycilla garrulus
Cedar Waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum

Shrikes
Northern Shrike Lanius excubitor
Loggerhead Shrike* Lanius ludovicianus

Starling
European Starling* Sturnus vulgaris

Vireo
Warbling Vireo* Vireo gilvu

Warblers
Orange-crowned Warbler Vermivora celata
Virginia's Warbler Vermivora virginiae
Yellow Warbler* Dendroica petechia
Yellow-rumped Warbler Dendroica coronata
Black-throated Gray Warbler Dendroica nigrescens
Townsend's Warbler Dendroica townsendi
American Redstart Setophaga ruticilla
MacGillivray's Warbler Oporornis tolmiei
Common Yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas
Wilson's Warbler Wilsonia pusilla
Yellow-breasted Chat* Icteria virens

Grosbeaks, Buntings, and Sparrows
Black-headed Grosbeak Pheucticus melanocephalus
Blue Grosbeak Guiraca caerulea
Lazuli Bunting Passerina amoena
Green-tailed Towhee Pipilo chlorurus
Spotted Towhee* Pipilo maculatus
Vesper Sparrow Pooecetes gramineus
Savannah Sparrow Passerculus sandwichensis
Song Sparrow Melospiza melodia
Lark Sparrow Chondestes grammacus
Sage Sparrow Amphispiza belli
American Tree Sparrow Spizella arborea
Brewer's Sparrow Spizella breweri
Dark-eyed Junco Junco hyemalis
Harris' Sparrow Zonotrichia querula
White-throated Sparrow Zonotrichia albicollis
White-crowned Sparrow Zonotrichia leucophrys
Fox Sparrow Passerella iliaca
Lincoln's Sparrow Melospiza lincolnii
Snow Bunting Plectrophenax nivalis
Lark Bunting Calamospiza melanocorys

Meadowlarks, Blackbirds, and Orioles

yellow headed blackbird
Western Meadowlark* Surnella neglecta
Yellow-headed Blackbird* Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus
Red-winged Blackbird* Agelaius phoeniceus
Brewer's Blackbird* Euphagus cyanocephalus
Brown-headed Cowbird* Molothrus ater
Common Grackle Quiscalus quiscula
Northern Oriole Icterus galbula
Western Tanager Piranga ludoviciana

Weavers
House Sparrow* Passer domesticus

Finches
Pine Siskin Carduelis pinus
American Goldfinch* Carduelis tristis
Lesser Goldfinch Carduelis psaltria
Rosy Finch Leucosticte arctoa
House Finch Carpodacus mexicanus
Evening Grosbeak Coccothraustes vespertinus


*Indicates that bird is a confirmed nester on the

Last updated: March 4, 2013