The Final Plan/Environmental Impact Statement (EIS), published in early February 2007, provided agency
managers with clear goals and objectives for managing the Jackson bison and elk
herds for the following 15 years. The Bison and Elk Management Plan continues to guide Refuge management decisions.
The preferred alternative in the Final Plan/EIS evolved after release of the
Draft Plan/EIS in 2005, and subsequent analysis of more than 11,900 written
comments and public testimony from private citizens, organizations, and other
agencies. Changes included clarifying desired conditions to be achieved over 15
years for the National Elk Refuge and Grand Teton National Park, and adopting an
adaptive management approach for managing habitat and bison and elk populations.
Four goals for the Bison and Elk Management Plan were developed based on the purposes of the National Elk Refuge and Grand Teton National Park, the missions of the National Wildlife Refuge System and the National Park Sytsem, and other legal and policy directives. The goals also consider input received from the public, American Indian tribes, and other stakeholder groups during the scoping phases of the planning process. National Elk Refuge goals include:
Photos of both bison and elk can be found in the refuge's photo gallery.
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Elk aren't the only species of wildlife you may see on the National Elk Refuge.