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Eastern Indigo Snake

Drymarchon couperi
profileIndigoSnakeToddWPierson

The eastern indigo snake is a large, black, non-venomous snake found in the southeastern United States. Reaching lengths of almost 9 feet, it is the longest native snake in the United States. Its color is uniformly a lustrous black, although the chin, throat, and sometimes the cheeks may be red to creamy in color. Diet may include fish, frogs, toads, snakes, lizards, turtles, turtle eggs, small alligators, birds, and small mammals. 


The eastern indigo snake was listed as a threatened species as a result of dramatic population declines caused by over-collecting for the domestic and international pet trade as well as deaths caused by rattlesnake collectors who gassed gopher tortoise burrows to collect snakes. Since its listing, habitat loss and fragmentation by residential and commercial expansion have become much more significant threats to the eastern indigo snake.

 

Facts About Eastern Indigo Snake

Longest native snake in the U.S.

This snake eats venomous pit vipers such as rattlesnakes and copperheads.

Indigo snakes are non-venomous and rarely aggressive. 

They are long-lived, and there are reports of captive individuals surviving for 25 years.

Page Photo Credits — Eastern indigo snake - Todd W. Pierson
Last Updated: Sep 27, 2013
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