Forty–seven different mammals have been identified on the refuge,
including bison, bighorn sheep, mule deer, pronghorn antelope, coyotes and
Nearly 175 species of birds have been observed on the refuge.
Trumpeter swans nest successfully, and wintering populations number near 100.
Bald eagles are frequently seen on the refuge in winter, scavanging on
winterkill. Greater sandhill cranes nest in small numbers, and fall
concentrations of over 150 birds have been observed. Long-billed curlews grace
the grasslands with the nests and young, and sage grouse occur year round.
Rocky Mountain Canada geese nest on the wetlands and duck
populations range from 200 to 500 annually with gadwall, mallards, ring-necked
duck, green-winged teals, cinnamon teals, and Barrows goldeneye the largest
Profiles of several of the refuge's most charismatic species can be found at the Wildlife & Habitat link.
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Elk aren't the only species of wildlife you may see on the National Elk Refuge.