North Florida Ecological Services Office
Southeast Region

2009 Gopher tortoise 90-day Finding

Gopher tortoise 90-day Finding Literature Cited

LITERATURE CITED

(CORRECTED LIST - 11/05/2009)

Alford, R.  1980.  Population structure of Gopherus polyphemus in northern Florida.  Journal of Herpetology 14:177–182.

Aresco, M. J., and C. Guyer.  1999.  Growth of the tortoise Gopherus polyphemus in slash pine plantations of southcentral Alabama.  Herpetologica 55:499–506.

Ashton, P.S. and R. Ashton.  2004.  The Gopher Tortoise: A Life History.  Pp. 1-67.

Auffenberg, W. and R. Franz.  1982.  The status and distribution of the gopher tortoise (Gopherus polyphemus).  Pages 95–126 in R. B. Bury, editor.  North American Tortoises: Conservation and Ecology.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Wildlife Research Report 12.

Birkhead, W.S. and E.E. Wester.  1992.  Status of Gopher Tortoise, Gopherus polyphemus, in Georgia.  Final Report to Georgia Department of Natural Resources , Nongame Wildlife Program, Forsyth. 73 pp.

Breininger, D.R., P. Schmalzer, and C. Hinkle.  1994.  Gopher tortoise (Gopherus polyphemus) Densities in coastal scrub and slash pine flatwoods in Florida.  Journal of Herpetology 28:60-65.

Brown, D.R., I.M. Schumacher, G.S. McLaughlin, L.D. Wendland, M.B. Brown, P.A. Klein, and E.R. Jacobson.  2002.  Application of Diagnostic Tests for Mycoplasmal Infections of Desert and Gopher Tortoises, with Management Recommendations.  Chelonian Conservation and Biology 4(2): 497-507.

Butler, J.A. and S. Sowell.  1996.  Survivorship and predation of hatchlings and yearling Gopher tortoises, Gopherus polyphemus.  Journal of Herpetology 30:455-458

Causey, M.K. and C.A. Cude.  1978.  Feral dog predation of the gopher tortoise,  Gopherus polyphemus, in southeast Alabama.  Herpetological Review 9:94-95.

Clark, E.E., R. Tsaliagos, and A. Rittman.  2001.  Gopherus polyphemus: South Carolina.  Herpetological Review 32(3):191.

Conner, R.C. and A.J. Hartsell.  2002.  Forest area and conditions.  Pages 357-402 in D. N. Wear and J.G. Greis, editors.  Southern Forest Resource Assessment.  Southern Research Station, Technical Report GTR SRS-53, Ashville, North Carolina.

Cox, J., D. Inkley, and R. Kautz.  1987.  Ecology and habitat protection needs of gopher tortoise (Gopherus polyphemus) populations found on lands slated for large-scale development in Florida.  Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Nongame Wildlife Program Technical Report No. 4, Tallahassee, Florida.  75pages.

Diemer, J.E.  1987.  The status of the gopher tortoise in Florida.  Proceedings of the 3rd Southeast Nongame and Endangered Wildlife Symposium.  Pp. 72-83.

Diemer, J.E.  1992.  Home range and movement of the tortoise (Gopherus polyphemus) in northern Florida.  Journal of Herpetology 26:158-165.

Diemer, J.E. and C. Moore.  1994.  Reproduction of gopher tortoise in north central Florida.  Biology of North American Tortoises.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  Pp. 129-137.

Epperson, D.M. and C.D. Heise.  2003.  Nesting and hatchling ecology of gopher tortoises (Gopherus polyphemus) in southern Mississippi.  Journal of Herpetology 37:315-324.

Fleshler, D.  August 21, 2005.  Facing a slow death: Florida allows developers to bury alive or kill gopher tortoises in return for protection of habitat elsewhere in the state, but officials warn that the species now faces a “very high risk of extinction”.  Sun-Sentinel.  Fort Lauderdale, Florida.

Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission.  2001a.  Biological status report: gopher tortoise (Gopherus polyphemus).  Report prepared by Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Gainesville, Florida. 

Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission.  2001b.  Available options to address the presence of gopher tortoise on lands slated for development.  Report prepared by Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Tallahassee, Florida. 

Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission.  2006a.  Biological Status Report: Gopher Tortoise.  Report prepared by Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Gainesville, Florida.

Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission.  2006b.  Draft Gopher Tortoise Management Plan.  Report prepared by Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Tallahassee, Florida.

Hermann, S.M., C. Guyer, J.H. Waddle, and M.G. Nelms.  2002.  Sampling on private property to evaluate population status and effects of land use practices on the gopher tortoise, Gopherus polyphemus.  Biological Conservation  108:289-298.

Human Society of the United States.  2005.  Annual rattlesnake roundups in the United States (internet site visited September 1, 2005).  <http://www.hsus.org/wildlife/issues_facing_wildlife/rattlesnake_roundups’_the_truth_behind_rattlesnake_roundups’ annual_rattlesnake_ roundups’_ in_the_united_states.html>

Kautz, R.S. 1998.  Land use and land cover trends in Florida 1936-1995.  Florida Scientist 61:171-187.

Kushlan, J.A. and F. Mazzotti.  1984.  Environmental effects on a coastal population of gopher tortoises.  Journal of Herpetology 18:231-239

Landers, J.L. and J.A. Garner.  1981.  Status and distribution of the gopher tortoise in Georgia.  In R. Odum and J. Guthrie (eds.).  Proceedings of the Nongame and Endangered Wildlife Symposium.  Georgia Department of Natural Resources, Game and Fish Division, Techinical Bulletin WL5. 

Landers, J.L. , J.A. Garner and W.A. McRae.  1980.  Reproduction of the gopher tortoise (Gopherus polyphemus) in southwestern Georgia.  Bulletin  Florida State Museum Biological Science.  36:353-361. 

Lohoefener, R. and L. Lohmeier.  1984.  The status of Gopherus polyphemus (Testudines, Testudinidae) west of the Tombigbee and Mobile rivers. A report on research presented in conjunction with a petition to list the gopher tortoise west of the Tombigbee and Mobile rivers as an endangered species without critical habitat.   

McCoy, E.D. and H. Muchinsky.  1992.  Studying a species in decline: gopher tortoise and the dilemma of “correction factor”.  Herpetologica 48(4):402-407.

McRae, W.A., J. Landers, and J. Garner.  1981.  Movement patterns and home range of the gopher tortoise.  The American Midland Naturalist 106(1):165-179.

Mushinsky, H.R., D.S. Wilson, and E.D. McCoy.  1994. Growth and sexual dimorphism of Gopherus polyphemus in central Florida.  Herpetologica 59:475-483. 

Mushinsky, H. R., E. D. McCoy, J. E. Berish, R. E. Ashton, Jr., and D. S. Wilson.  2006. Gopherus polyphemus, Gopher Tortoise.  In P. A. Meylan, editor.  Biology and conservation of Florida’s turtles.  Chelonian Research Monographs, Lunenburg, Massachusetts.

Puckett, C. and R. Franz.  2001.  Gopher tortoise: a species in decline.  Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.

Seigel, R.A., R.B. Smith, and N.A. Seigel.  2003.  Swine flu or 1918 pandemic?  Upper respiratory tract disease and the sudden mortality of gopher tortoises (Gopherus polyphemus) on a protected habitat in Florida.  Journal of Herpetology 37(1):137-144.

Siry, J.P.  2002.  Intensive Timber Management Practices. Pages 327-340 in David N. Wear and John G. Greis, editors.   Southern Forest Resource Assessment.  Southern Research Station, Technical Report GTR SRS-53, Ashville, North Carolina.

Smith, R.B., D. Breininger, and V. Larson.  1997.  Home range characteristics of radio-tagged gopher tortoises on Kennedy Space Center, Florida.  Chelonian Conservation and Biology 2(3):358-362.

Wilson, D.S., H.R. Mushinsky, and R.A. Fischer.  1997.  Species profile:  Gopher tortoise (Gopherus polyphemus) on military installations in the Southeastern United States.  U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Technical Report; SERDP-97-10).  37 pp.

Witz, B.W. and D. Wilson.  1989.   Distribution of Gopherus polyphemus and its vertebrate symbionts in three burrow categories.  The American Midland Naturalist 126:152-158.

Wright, J.S.  1982.  Distribution and population biology of the gopher tortoise, Gopherus polyphemus, in South Carolina.  Clemson University.  Master Thesis.  74 pp.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  1990.  Gopher Tortoise Recovery Plan.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Jackson, Mississippi.  28pp.

U.S. Department of Agriculture Economic Research Service.  1997.  Major land uses [database].  http://www.ers.usda.gov/data/sdp/view.asp?f=land/89003/.


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Last updated: September 12, 2014