Virginia Ecological Services
Northeast Region

The Virginia On-Line Project Review Process

For wind energy projects (offshore and inland) follow the on-line project review process and submit the completed project review package to this office for review regardless of the outcome in the species conclusion table.  Additional review will be necessary to evaluate the project’s potential impacts.


Offshore - Offshore wind guidelines have not been developed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service at this time.

  Inland – For land based wind energy projects, the Service has developed voluntary guidelines to help wind energy project developers avoid and minimize impacts on wildlife and their habitats.  The Service encourages you to use these voluntary guidelines and when submitting your package to this office, provide us with detailed information on how you have applied the guidelines. For additional information click here.

For coal mining projects contact the Southwestern Virginia Field Office.

For communication tower projects follow the self certification procedure.

For all other project types, the following guidelines will allow you to conduct a review of a project’s potential impacts on federally listed threatened and endangered and proposed species, federal candidate species, federally designated critical habitat, and bald eagles.  At the end of this review process you will be able to:  (1) certify that you have completed required coordination with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service) under the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1531-1544, 87 Stat. 884), as amended (ESA), and the Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act (16 U.S.C. 668-668c, 54 Stat. 250), as amended (Eagle Act); or (2) expedite additional review by the Service.  This process also provides information for your project review under the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (P.L. 91-190, 42 U.S.C. 4321-4347, 83 Stat. 852), as amended.

To comply with applicable State laws and obtain information on state listed or other rare species contact Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries (VDGIF) and Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation-Division of Natural Heritage (VDCR-DNH).

To begin project review proceed to Step 1.

NOTE: Items that are in blue bolded text are links to additional information or to additional steps in the process.  We recommend that you read the entire step prior to making a selection or following the links.

Project Reviews
Step 1 - Action Area

Step 2 - Official Species List
Step 3 - State Coordination
Step 4 - Suitable Habitat
Step 5 - Critical Habitat
Step 6a - Eagle Nests
Step 6b - Eagle Concentration Areas
Step 7 - Determinations

Step 8 - Project Review Package

Endangered Species

- Species in Virginia
- Species by County/City
- Species Fact Sheets

Critical Habitat
- What is it ?
- Critical Habitat Mapper

Permits & HCPs
- Endangered Species Permits
- Warren Co. Power Station Low Effect HCP

General Info
- Plants and the ESA
- Bald Eagle Information
- Mussel Guidelines
- Northern Long-eared Bat Interim Conference and Planning Guidance (PDF - 1.2MB)

Communication Towers
- Service Guidance on the Siting, Construction, Operation and Decommissioning of Communication Towers

Surveys/Habitat Assessments
- Approved Surveyors (for federally listed species & karst geology in Virginia)
- How to be a Surveyor
- Optimal Survey Times: PLANTS
- How long is an ANIMAL survey valid?
- How long is a PLANT survey valid?
- 2014 Indiana Bat Summer Survey Guidance

Last updated: January 27, 2014
All images by FWS unless otherwise noted.