are another type of habitat that is disappearing across New York. Grasslands
provide habitat for many different species of wildlife. Most notably,
recent studies have shown that grassland nesting birds are declining in
numbers. One factor contributing to this decline is the loss of suitable
habitat. Partners for Fish and Wildlife has been restoring grasslands
across New York with great success. After grassland restoration projects
are complete, many landowners have witnessed the return of species they
have not seen for many years. The program works, and it will continue
to work with the enrollment of private landowners into the program.
grassland program focuses on two types of restoration activities. Mowing
seems to be the most popular, cost-effective method of restoring grasslands.
Mowing is completed on sites that have reverted back to early stages of
brush and forest. Typically, mowing is completed with the use of
a tractor and "brush-hog" type mower if woody vegetation has a small diameter,
and the vegetation is not dense. For sites with larger brush and
trees, a Hydo-Ax with a rotary-ax machine is used.
Mowing small brush is accomplished with a tractor and rotary mower.
Large brush and trees require the
second method of grassland restoration involves seeding areas with a mix
of native grasses and forbs:
Partners for Fish & Wildlife
February 5, 2013
All images by FWS unless otherwise noted.