Fisheries Program
Northeast Region
Hickory shad
Hickory shad

Hickory shad (Alosa mediocris)

Life History

Hickory Shad spend most their life at sea except during spring when they spawn in freshwater. Hickory shad spawn in freshwater. Adults return to the ocean to feed once spawning ends. Eggs hatch two or three days after fertilization and they are carried by water currents until they hatch.


Canada to Florida

Fun Facts

  • Hickory and American shad were once thought to be a hybridized.
  • Hickory shad are identified by their jutting jawline.
  • Hickory shad are a popular recreational species.

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Last updated: December 16, 2011
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