Eastern Neck National Wildlife Refuge
Northeast Region

1730 Eastern Neck Rd.
Rock Hall, MD 21661
(410) 639-7056

Flowers of Eastern Neck National Wildlife Refuge

Following are two lists of wildflowers found on Eastern Neck NWR. The BayScape list includes only plants found in our BayScape garden. The Wildflower list includes other flower species documented by refuge volunteer Lynne Smith. Neither list is necessarily complete and comprehensive, but should provide a good idea of the flowers most common to the refuge!

BayScape Flowers and Plants

Behind the Cape Chester House, by the BayView Butterfly Trail, volunteers, partners, and the refuge have created a BayScape Garden, consisting of native plants and a small water garden. It is highly attractive to birds, butterflies, frogs, and more. Visit our BayScape Page for more information about BayScaping. The following flowers and plants, grouped by growth zone within the BayScape, can be found in the BayScape Garden:

Scientific Name
Common Name
Bloom Period
Flower Color
Benefit to Wildlife
Woodland Edge, Transition Zone
Lonicera sempervirens Trumpet Honeysuckle April - July Coral Attracts hummingbirds/butterflies
Rudbeckia hirta Black-eyed Susan June - Oct Gold Seed heads eaten by birds
Ilex glabra Inkberry May - June Cream Excellent source of nectar, highly aromatic
Vaccinium vacillans Early Lowbush Blueberry April - May Greenish-red Dark blue fruit is good for wildlife
Myrica pensylvanica Northern Bayberry April - May   Aromatic berries eaten by birds
Geranium maculatum Wild Geranium April - July Lavender Relatively long bloom time
Aquilegia canadensis Wild Columbine April - May Red Flowers attract hummingbirds
Dry Meadow Zone
Sorhastrum nutans Indian Grass Aug - Sept   Beautiful seed heads provide food for birds
Asclepias tuberosa Butterflyweed May - June Orange Flowers a source of nectar for butterflies
Monarda didyma Beebalm July - Sept Red or Purple Flowers attract hummingbirds and butterflies
Coreopsis verticillata Tickseed June - July Yellow Tolerant of poor soil
Liatris spicata Gayfeather June - Aug Purple Flower attract butterflies
Baptisia australis Blue False Indigo May - June Blue Tolerant of poor and clay soil
Comptonia peregrina Sweet Fern April - May Yellow-green Leaves aromatic on hot days
Eupatorium colestinum Mist Flower Aug - Oct White-Laven. Suited for a wild garden - aggressive
Helianthus divaricatus Woodland Sunflower Aug - Oct Yellow Attracts butterflies
Moisture Zone, Water Garden
Vernonia novebroacensis New York Ironweed Aug - Oct Purple Flowers attract butterflies
Solidago rugosa Wrinkle Leaf Goldenrod Aug - Oct Yellow Flowers attract butterflies, seeds eaten by birds
Rhododendron atlanticum Coast Azalea April - May White, purple Very fragrant flower
Aster novae - angliae New England Aster Sept - Oct Violet Flowers attract butterflies, seed heads attract birds
Asclepias incarnata Swamp Milkweed May - June Pink/White Flowers attract butterflies, especially Monarch
Helianthus angustifolius Swamp Sunflower Aug - Oct Yellow Flowers attract butterflies, seed heads eaten by birds
Osmunda cinnamomea Cinnamon Fern     Highly ornamental, tolerates full sun in moist areas
Iris versicolor Blue Flag May - June Blue Moisture tolerant
Saururus cernuus Lizard's Tail Summer White Shade tolerant
Lobelia cardinalis Cardinal Flower July - Sept Red Flowers source of nectar for hummingbirds and butterflies
Caltha palustris Marsh Marigold April - June Yellow Forms clumps, highly ornamental
Polystichum acrostichoides Christmas Fern   Evergreen Forms fiddleheads
Eupatorium fistulosum Joe-Pye Weed July - Sept Pink Flowers attract butterflies
Hibiscus palustris Swamp Rose Mallow July - Sept Pink Aromatic, attracts butterflies

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Other Flowers and Plants

The following flowers have been documented on the refuge by refuge volunteer, Lynne Smith. They are listed alphabetically by common name. While there are likely many others, these are some of the most common and readily found flowers on the refuge:

Common Name
Latin Name
Bloom Time
Location on Refuge
Asiatic Day Flower Commelina communis June-Oct. Fields, Roadside
Bloodroot Sanguinaria canadenis Mar.-Apr. Wildlfe Trail
Blue-eyed Grass Sissyrinchium augustifolium May-June Roadsides
Bramble, Blackberry Rubus spp. June-July Roadsides, Trails
Butter and Eggs Linaria vulgaris June-Sept. Waste Areas
Buttercup, Common Ranunculis spp.#60 July Fields, Universal
ButterflyWeed Asclepias tuberosa late summer Fields, Bayscapes
Cardinal Flower Lobelia cardinalis Aug.-Sept. Bayscapes Garden
Cattail, Common Typha latifolia Summer Certain Ponds
Cattail, Narrow-leaved Typa augustifolia Summer Brackish Marshes
Chicory Cichorium intybus Aug.-Sept. Fields, Roadside
Clover, Rabbit-foot Trifolium arvense Spring, Summer Fields
Clover, Red Trifolium pratense Spring, Summer Fields
Clover, White Trifolium repens Spring, Summer Fields
Cranefly Orchid Tripularia discolor August Wildlfe Trail
Cranesbill, Dove's Foot Geranium molle Aug-Sept. Fields, B.B. Trail
Cranesbill, Small Flowered Geranium pussilum Apr-May Waste Areas
Daisy, Common (Ox-Eye) Chrysanthemum leucanthemum Apr-May Waste Areas
Dandelion, Common Taraxacum officinale Aug-Sept. Meadows
Dandelion, Fall Leontodon autumnalis Spring Universal
Day Lily Hemerocallis fulva Summer, Fall Lodge
Dock   May-June Wildlfe Trail
Fleabane, Salt Marsh Pluchea purpurascens Summer Fields, Meadows
Gerardia, Purple Gerardia purpurea Aug-Sept. Marshes, Ditches
Goldenrod Solidago spp. Aug-Sept. Boxes' Point Trail
Field Bindweed Convolvulus arvensis   Fields, Wasteplaces
Hedge Bindweed Convolvulus sepium Sept. Universal
Honeysuckle, American Fly Lonicera canadensis June-July Boardwalk, Fields
Jack-in-the-Pulpit Arisaema triphyllum Apr-May Wildlfe Trail
Touch-me-not (spotted) Impatiens capensis Aug-Sept. Woodland Trails
Touch-me-not (pale) Impatiens pallida Aug-Sept. Woodland Trails
Joe Pye Weed Eupatorium purpureium Jul-Aug Fields, hedgerows
Knot-grass, lady's thumb Polygonum persicaria Summer Fields, Roadsides
Mallow, Mush Malva moschata June Office Road Area
May-apple, Common Podphyllum peltatum April Wildlife Trail
Meadow Beauty   July Moist Soil Area
Meadow Sweet Spiraea spp. July-Aug Moist Soil Area
Milkweed, Common Asclepias syriaca June-Aug Meadows, Boxes' Pt
Milkweed, Swamp Asclepias incarnata Summer Bayscapes Garden
Mistflower Eupatorium coelestinum Sept. Fields, Moist Soil
Mullein, Common Verbascum thapsus July-Aug Fields, G.L. Area
Mustard, Field Brassica rapa Summer Cultivated Fields
Partridgeberry Mitchella repens April Wildlife Trail
Partidge-pea, Sensitive plant Cassia fasiculata Summer Fields
Pokeweed, Pokeberry Phytolacca americana July-Sept. Universal
Potato Vine, Wild Iopomea pandurata July-Aug. Cultivated Fields
Queen Anne's Lace, Wild Carrot Daucus carota June-July Fields
Rose, Wild Rosa spp. May-June Fields, Roadsides
Rosemallow, Crimson-eyed Hisbiscus palustris Aug-Sept. Marshes,Tubby Cove
Rosemallow, Swamp Hisbiscus palustris Aug-Sept. Marshes,Tubby Cove
Scarlet Pimpernel Anagallis arvensis Summer Waste Places, Fields
Smartweed, Common Polygonum hydropiper Summer, Fall Moist Areas
Strawberry, Indian Duchesnea indica Apr-July Waste Areas, Roads
Sunflower, Tickseed Coreopsis major Aug-Sept. Moist Soil, Bayscape
Thistle, Canada Cirsium arvense Summer Field, Roadsides
Trumpet Creeper, Vine Campsis radicans Jul-Aug Ingleside, Roadsides
Venus Looking-Glass Specularia perfoliata Summer Duck Inn Trail
Vetch, Common   May-Sept Fields
Violet, Common Blue Viola papilionacea Apr-May Wildlife Trail, Woods
Violet, Marsh Blue Viola cucullata Apr-May Wildlife Trail
Wood-Sorrel, Violet Oxalis violacea May Wildlife Trail
Wood-Sorrel, Common Yellow Oxalis May-June Fields, Universal

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Last updated: March 2, 2010