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A Talk on the Wild Side.

Finding a Sense of Place in Southern California

Kids
With their own pair of wings, imaginations soar as third grade students mimic the California condor, during a Connecting People with Nature program led by the Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office. Photo Credit: Mike Glenn/USFWS

At the intersection of abundant wild places, Fillmore, California, elementary students bond with rare wildlife. We work with students across the country to provide hands-on outdoor activities, educational presentations about threatened and endangered wildlife, and field trip opportunities for children of all ages to learn and experience the diverse natural areas and species.

Bad News: Asian Weather Loach Found in California River

Monitoring
Service and California Department of Fish and Wildlife staff using backpack electrofishing gear to sample a pool. Photo Credit: USFWS

Invasive species are a huge problem in the United States. It is estimated that the annual damage caused by invasive species totals more than $120 billion. So when biologists at our Stockton Fish and Wildlife Office discovered an Asian weather loach during fish monitoring surveys on the San Joaquin River in Madera County in California recently, it raised lots of red flags. Six more weather loaches were found during intensive sampling, and along with our partners we will discuss best management practices for the area.

People are a key source of invasive species. As our Aquatic Invasive Species website says:

People have helped spread species around the globe for centuries either intentionally or unintentionally. Intentional introductions involve the deliberate transfer of nuisance species into a new environment. An example of this would be someone who dumps the contents of their home aquarium into a lake. Unintentional introductions occur when invasives are transferred accidentally. For instance, zebra mussels can be spread when ballast water used for ship stability is exchanged.

In fact, aquatic nuisance species can be spread many ways including ships, boats, barges, aquaculture, aquatic recreation (fishing, hunting, boating, diving, etc.), water gardening, seaplanes, connected waterways and many other pathways. Through these and other means, thousands of terrestrial and aquatic invasive species have been introduced into our country, costing us billions annually.

We can all help Stop Aquatic Hitchhikers and be sure to develop a Habitattitude.

Hunting and Fishing Connected Leo Miranda to Nature and Brought Him into Conservation

Meet Your Fish and Wildlife Service
Leopoldo Miranda
After not hunting at all until graduate school, Leo Mirada says he is "trying to catch up."

Leopoldo Miranda is the Assistant Regional Director of Ecological Services for our Southeast Region, which consists of the Southeastern United States, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands. That means he is in charge of all "ecological services" programs (all endangered species issues, private lands and coastal restoration, regulatory compliance, and more) in the region. He has help – the program has 14 offices and about 400 employees. 

5 Questions for Leo

1. Do you hunt/fish and if so what?

My son Pablo and I hunt mostly white tail deer and turkeys. However, when opportunity comes I hunt elk out west and Sika deer or waterfowl in the eastern shore of Maryland.  We also hunt small game like squirrels and doves. During spring and summer we like to go fishing, both fresh water and salt water. We really enjoy the time we spend together doing these outdoor activities. 

2. Who got you into fishing or hunting? 

I have been fishing since I was a young boy. My son Pablo has followed these steps. In our hometown of Ciales, Puerto Rico, we lived very close to one of the main rivers on the island. We used to walk to the river and fish all day long every opportunity we had.  Although I really wanted to, opportunities for hunting in Puerto Rico were extremely limited. My first hunt was when I went to graduate school in North Carolina. I harvested my first doe ever. After that, I was hooked and now am trying to catch up! Later, my son got interested in hunting and we went out to the woods near the Chesapeake Bay in Maryland. After several days of chasing some whitetails, Pablo was able to bag his first deer ever with a muzzleloader!  Pablo has enhanced his hunting skills so much that recently he was able to harvest two invasive wild hogs at our hunting lease in Georgia. He did this with a small .22 rifle that he used to hunt squirrels when he was younger! 

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Leah Eskelin Inspired by Kids' Curiosity and Fearlessness

Meet Your Fish and Wildlife Service
Leah Eskelin
Leah Eskelin leads kids on photo safaris. Photo credit: USFWS

Leah Eskelin serves as a Park Ranger for Visitor Services at Kenai National Wildlife Refuge in Alaska.  She describes her typical summer day as “diverse and fast-paced.” She spends part of the day staffing the Visitor Center front desk, answering questions, decoding regulations, and planning camping and trail activities with guests.  While she’s away from the front desk, she plans future interpretive programs, designs event flyers and Refuge signage and maintains the Facebook page, and a bunch of other stuff, too. In the winter, Leah catches her breath and starts planning for next summer.

5 Questions for Leah

1. What inspired you to work with young people?

I have always loved seeing that spark of excitement when a child gets inspired.  I call it the "ah-ha" moment. I sought out opportunities during high school to volunteer at aquaria and zoos where I could help bring programs to children that connected them to the natural world. Inspiring them in turn inspires me, feeds me and makes me optimistic about our shared future.

2. What is your favorite part of working with kids?

 My favorite part of working with kids is being able to use their native curiosity to engage them with their world.  As we grow, become more educated and also more distracted, we can lose the curiosity that leads to experiences like lying down on the cool earth looking up through the forest canopy and pretending to be bugs.  Kids are inclined to try this out. They have imaginations that connect them to the real world in remarkable ways.  Adults become embarrassed at the thought of shouting out "Cool! Look at this!" on a trail walk. Kids don't have that fear, and that makes working with them truly incredible. 

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Teaching People To Live More Safely Among Big Cats

Tiger

A tigress strolls through Tadoba National Park. Photo Credit: Harshawardhan Dhanwatey, Tiger Research and Conservation Trust

For 25 years, Fred Bagley has served as project officer for the Asia portions of the Service’s  Rhinoceros and Tiger Conservation Fund and the Great Ape Conservation Fund. In that position, he says, he helped "highly motivated local and international conservationists fulfill their conservation goals." After more than 40 years with the U.S. government (and 37 with the Service), Fred retired; Tuesday was his last day. The best part of his job, he says, was visiting the field projects and seeing on-the-ground conservation taking shape. And before he left, he shared this report from an October field visit he and colleague Cory Brown made to the vicinity of Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve in the central India state of Maharashtra. The two were doing a field assessment of a project that is working to mitigate human-big cat conflicts. 

guar

The gaur is a species of wild cattle and one of the tiger's principle prey species. Photo Credit: Harshawardhan Dhanwatey, Tiger Research and Conservation Trust

The more than 40 tigers of this reserve are doing well. They are protected and attract a steady stream of Indian and international nature tourists eager to glimpse a tiger or other wildlife such as wild cattle (gaur), spotted deer (chital), green pigeons, owlets, fishing owls, treepies, blue bull (nilgai), bee-eaters, night jars, mugger crocodiles, wild boar and black ibis.

But people living in the 1,100 square kilometer buffer zone outside the reserve are experiencing an increase in conflict with big cats (tigers and leopards). More than 90 people have died in big cat attacks on livestock and people since 2007.

This increase in conflict is probably tied to habitat degradation, insufficient wild prey in the buffer zone, an increasing human population and possibly rising numbers of dispersing big cats. 

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The Return of Wisdom

Wisdom
Wisdom preens her mate.  Photo credit: B. Wolfe/USFWS

Wisdom, the world’s oldest living, banded, wild bird has returned to Midway Atoll National Wildlife Refuge! Wisdom’s mate has been waiting within a few feet of the pair’s former nest site since November 19. Wisdom was first spotted on November 22. This isn’t the first time these two have readied their nest. Laysan albatrosses mate for life and Wisdom has raised between 30 to 35 chicks since being banded in 1956 at an estimated age of 5.  Laying only one egg per year, a breeding albatross will spend a tiring 365 days incubating and raising a chick.  

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Calling Up That First Turkey Gobbler was Enough for Gypsy Hanks, Even if She Didn’t Get Off a Shot

Meet Your Fish and Wildlife Service
Gypsy Hanks
Turkey-hunting is one of Gypsy Hanks' favorites. 

Gypsy Hanks is a wildlife biologist at North Louisiana Refuge Complex. She inventories and monitors wildlife and their habitats, and makes management recommendations accordingly on five national wildlife refuges totaling approximately 85,000 acres.  “I really don’t have typical days,” she says, “which is great!” She might be climbing trees to monitor endangered red-cockaded woodpecker nests or banding wood ducks or marking boundary or writing a habitat management plan. 

5 Questions for Gypsy

1. Do you hunt/fish and if so what?

I love to hunt.  My favorite is turkeys, ducks and squirrels.  I also do quite a bit of deer hunting and sometimes dove hunting.

2.Who got you into fishing or hunting?

Gypsy Hanks
Gypsy Hanks' husband, John, shares her passion for hunting. 

I started hunting on my own.  I’m not sure anyone really got me into it.  I bought myself a boat, a dog and a shotgun.  I would go shoot wood ducks or gadwall by myself.  Sometimes I would talk someone into taking me duck hunting with them.  I would be invited to come deer hunt on friends’ property or I would deer hunt public land.  But when I met my husband, who is an avid hunter, my hunting opportunities exponentially increased.  It helps to have someone who has not just the equipment and the know-how but also the places to go hunting.  He introduced me to hunting turkey and squirrels.  His knowledge of hunting is impressive and I still am learning from him.

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A Tribute to the Hard Work of Biologist Heidi Keuler

Heidi Keuler
Service biologist Heidi Keuler is coordinator of the Fishers & Farmers Partnership for the Upper Mississippi River Basin. Photo Credit: Minnesota DNR

The Fishers & Farmers Partnership for the Upper Mississippi River Basin (FFP) is a self-directed group of interested, non-governmental agricultural and conservation organizations, tribal organizations, and state and federal agencies working "to support locally led projects that add value to farms while restoring aquatic habitat and native fish populations."  The Fishers & Farmers Partnership is organized and recognized under the National Fish Habitat Partnership (NFHP) and brings science and technical expertise to locally directed projects throughout the Upper Mississippi River Basin including Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, Missouri and Wisconsin.

Service staff help guide the work of the partnership, which fosters collaborative conservation projects between farming landowners and natural resource managers. Using innovative strategies for land use and stream restoration, the partnership has designed practices to benefit farms and aquatic habitats. 

For instance, to improve water quality, Dave Dunn and his wife, Charlotte, installed grass buffer strips along creeks on their land in Missouri, put up fences and installed alternate watering systems for cattle. The project cost them some production land, but managing cattle was easier with the fencing, water quality improved after just a year, and the clearer water has meant cattle with fewer waterborne diseases.  

The following letter was presented to La Crosse Fish and Wildlife Conservation Office biologist Heidi Keuler, in recognition of her fantastic work as Fishers & Farmers coordinator:

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Ensuring the Future of the Black Rhino

Rhino
Fewer than 5,000 black rhinos still exist in Africa. Photo Credit: Karl Stromayer/USFWS

We are currently evaluating whether to approve two applications to import sport-hunted black rhino trophies from Namibia, and we are looking for information to help us make our decision.

The black rhino is endangered. Fewer than 5,000 still exist in Africa, according to 2010 data from the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Poachers have massacred rhinos to take their horn, valued as a status symbol and carving material, and for its alleged medicinal properties.

No one wants a world where rhinos don’t exist, so why, people ask, are we even considering the permits to bring a sport-hunted rhino trophy into the United States? Another death won’t help bring rhino population numbers back, some may argue.

Actually, unless it does, we will not grant these permits.

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Bears Choose Berries Over Salmon?

Kodiak brown bear
A bear fishing for salmon in the shoals of Karluk Lake. Photo Credit: Marie McCann/USFWS

Monitoring bear movements at Kodiak National Wildlife Refuge in Alaska  has revealed the complicating role berries play in  bear ecology. Elderberries normally ripen in late August after most salmon runs have faded. In 2014, the berry crop was early and abundant. Remote camera and GPS collar data show that bears largely abandoned salmon streams in July and August to exploit elderberry patches, suggesting that they preferred berries over salmon. 

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