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A Talk on the Wild Side.

Happy Latino Conservation Week

 LULAC Youth Council to the Red Butte Gardens
The LULAC Youth Council visits Red Butte Gardens in Utah. Photo by BLM

Latino Conservation Week, which started Saturday, is an opportunity for Latinos to show their support for our public lands. It is also a chance for us to show that we get how important the Latino community is to conservation and how we are working to make sure Latinos have a seat at the table when we plan conservation.

Across the country, we are reaching out to the Latino community.

Our Pacific Region regularly posts blogs in Spanish. Our Northeast Region is sharing content this week with the Hispanic Access Foundation and Latino Outdoors.

And if you happen to be in San Diego on July 18, why not get to know the Tijuana Slough National Wildlife Refuge (a part of the Tijuana River National Estuarine Research Reserve) by joining our education staff on a two-mile walk out to the Tijuana river mouth? Later, researcher Dr. Julio Lorda will talk about the benefits of the Tijuana River Estuary to humans and animals.

We were particularly proud to sponsor the 2015 National LULAC Convention in Salt Lake City, Utah.  LULAC – League of United Latin American Citizens – is the nation's oldest Latino civil rights organization and a leader in the development of a national Latino legislative agenda.

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Elephants Over Ivory: Crushing the Illegal Ivory Market

Elephants over ivroy

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s Ivory Crush on June 19 in New York City’s Times Square renewed interest in the subject of elephant ivory and the associated poaching and wildlife trafficking that is directly leading to the decimation of some of the most charismatic and beloved animal species on the planet, including the African elephant. Some observers raised questions about our decision to crush the ivory and what other options we could explore besides banning ivory trade. These are important conversations, and we hope that people continue talking about the future of elephants. Our FAQ answers some questions, but we want to address some of the concerns we see most frequently. 

Our #1 take-home message is this: Ivory belongs to elephants and elephants only. With very few exceptions, like antiques, ivory that is not attached to a living, breathing elephant should have zero value to everyone. The fundamental reason elephants are being slaughtered is because people are buying ivory. If we stop the demand, we stop the slaughter and prevent the extinction of a magnificent species. In crushing confiscated ivory, we strive to make that message paramount and - combined with other actions - eventually crush the demand for ivory. That we are even having this discussion proves the Crush did succeed in bringing attention to the crisis. The bottom line: We choose elephants over ivory. Our feelings are the same for any animal threatened by poaching and trafficking. Rhinos over rhino horn. Tigers over tiger bone wine or other products made from tiger parts.  

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Service Joins Forces with Zeta Phi Beta Sorority

Zeta Phi Beta
Members of Zeta Phi Beta Sorority and family look at what they netted in a pond at Anahuac National Wildlife Refuge in Texas. Photo by Stephanie Martinez/USFWS

We took a big step forward inour efforts to engage urban youth in outdoor recreation, biological sciences and healthful activity in nature by signing a morandum of understanding with leading African American sorority Zeta Phi Beta Sorority, Inc.

The five-year agreement follows last year’s signing of a similar MOU with Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity Inc., the brother organization of Zeta Phi Beta Sorority.

Zeta Phi Beta
“Partnering with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service helps Zeta expose our youth to more possibilities for leading healthful lives and promising futures," said Mary Breaux Wright, international president of Zeta Phi Beta Sorority (seen here at Anahuac). Photo by Stephanie Martinez/USFWS

“We are thrilled to join with Zeta Phi Beta Sorority to boost opportunities for young people to explore the natural world, learn about science and science careers, and reap the benefits of outdoor recreation,” said Steve Guertin, deputy director of the Service, at a signing ceremony during Zeta Leadership Training, which brought more than 900 sorority leaders to Washington, DC. 

“Zeta Phi Beta Sorority, with its long commitment to health and community well-being, is a wonderful partner, and we look forward to forging many new connections.”

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Daniel Gallegos: Summer Job Leads to Change in Career Plans

 Daniel Gallegos
Biological Science Aid, Daniel Gallegos, from Mora National Fish Hatchery removes dead eggs from the incubation trays in the 2015 spawning season. Photo by USFWS

Daniel Gallegos, a current Biological Science Aid Intern at Mora National Fish Hatchery in Mora, New Mexico, has come a long way since getting his start scrubbing rocks for the hatchery.

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Researching the Reproductive Health of Ozark hellbenders

   Ozark-Hellbender. Jeff Briggler
Ozark-Hellbender. Photo by Jeff Briggler

The federally endangered Ozark hellbender is a large salamander that spends its life under large rocks or in crevices in clear, cool spring-fed streams in southern Missouri and northeast Arkansas. Drastic declines have occurred in populations of the Ozark hellbender since the 1970s, and experts are still working to understand reasons for the salamander's decline.

One factor potentially contributing to hellbender population decline is the sperm health of male hellbenders. Endocrine disrupting compounds, which have been shown to alter normal reproductive development in various aquatic species, have been detected in streams occupied by Ozark hellbenders. Biologists wondered if these compounds could interfere with the reproductive cycle of this species.

To address this question, Service biologists captured Ozark hellbenders during the breeding season and assessed the rates of motility (percentage of moving cells), viability (percentage of live cells), and concentration of sperm samples. Preliminary results indicate that Ozark hellbenders are producing healthy sperm, with viability and motility rates approaching 100 percent in some instances. This bodes really well for captive breeding efforts and natural reproduction in the wild. 

Learn more about other amphibian conservation and research projects at http://1.usa.gov/1HOIIwM 

Non-natives Threaten Colorado River's Endangered Big River Fish

smallmouth bass
A smallmouth bass that has eaten a native bluehead sucker on the middle Green River. Photo by Utah Division of Wildlife Resources

One hundred years ago, 13 native fish species flourished in the Upper Colorado River and its tributaries. Today, they have been joined by more than 50 non-native species. Predation and competition by non-native fish species is considered the primary threat causing the decline of native fish, and it’s also one of the most difficult to manage.

There are currently four endangered fish in the upper Colorado River – the bonytail, humpback chub, Colorado pikeminnow and the razorback sucker. And to help bring these four species of endangered fish back from the brink of extinction, the Upper Colorado River Endangered Fish Recovery Program (Recovery Program) was created. 

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Celebrating our Independence - Tips for Watching out for Wildlife

Photo: National Park ServicePhoto by National Park Service

Celebrating Independence Day is, and should be, a lot of fun. Barbecues, beaches, parades and fireworks can be great ways to celebrate our country’s tremendous journey since the Continental Congress made that declaration July 4, 1776: “We hold these truths to be self-evident... “ But please remember that those bright colors and thunderous explosions can have a real impact to wildlife. Here are a few ways you can help mitigate the harm to wildlife and their habitats while you celebrate the Fourth of July.

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Pangolins Benefit as United States, Range States Gather to Plan Critical Conservation

Pangolins
Temminck's ground pangolin. Photo by Maria Diekmann/Rare and Endangered Species Trust

Delegates came away from the first Pangolin Range States Meeting, which was co-hosted by Vietnam and the United States and organized by Humane Society International, with growing hope that their efforts will conserve imperiled pangolins, thought to be among the most trafficked mammals in the world.

Fourteen Asian and 17 African pangolin range countries gathered together with the United States, pangolin experts and representatives from the CITES Secretariat and nongovernmental organizations June 24-26 in Vietnam to develop a unified action plan with recommendations to protect all eight pangolin species.

Right before that, we organized an informal technical roundtable discussion with partners interested in Central African pangolin conservation as a side event to the 2015 Congo Basin Forest Partnership meeting in Yaoundé, Cameroon, to share information about current pangolin conservation activities and compile regional data in preparation for the first Pangolin Range States Meeting

But wait a minute, you say, what’s a pangolin?

Pangolins, or scaly anteaters, are mammals with bodies  covered in overlapping scales made of keratin, the same protein that forms human hair and finger nails, and rhino horn. Found in Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa, pangolins are used in traditional Asian medicine and considered a luxury food in many cultures. Like most wildlife pangolins are also threatened with habitat loss. (You can learn more on our pangolin page.)

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Growing up Outdoors

Fishery Biologist Dan Magneson, the assistant hatchery manager at Quilcene National Fish Hatchery in Washington, remembers his youth.

tackle box
Tackle box or time machine? All photos courtesy Dan Magneson

You often hear of how so many kids today find their recreation mainly behind an electronic screen, but when I am on the beaches at nearby Port Townsend, Washington, I witness some hold-outs against a life dominated by technology. I observe a number of kids out beachcombing, especially for bits and chunks of highly prized sea glass, almost every time I am out there. 

One day I encountered some kids on the Union Wharf, on their bikes and carrying fishing rods; one had a small green tackle box similar to the one I carried at about his age.

I’m nearly 57 years old now, but that sight was like looking in a sort of mirror, transporting me back in time to the days when I was about the age of these guys.

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Conserving Monarch Butterflies with the States

monarch
A monarch butterfly perches on a New England aster at Sand Lake Wetland Management District in South Dakota. Photo by Tom Koerner/USFWS

Our Director, Dan Ashe has joined Larry Voyles, President of the Association of Fish & Wildlife Agencies (AFWA), in signing a joint memorandum promoting collaborative efforts to conserve the monarch butterfly and other native pollinators.

The memo, signed at the 2015 North American Wildlife and Natural Resources Conference in Omaha, Nebraska, urges state and territorial fish and wildlife agencies to be resourceful in helping to turn around the severe drop in monarch butterfly populations, which have declined by more than 90 percent within the past 20 years. 

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“In 1996, we saw populations of a billion monarch butterflies funneling down from all over the Unites States to overwinter in Mexico, but those populations have dwindled,” said Ashe during the memo signing.  “In 2013, we saw the lowest populations ever recorded – about 30 million monarch butterflies.” 

Weed control practices, particularly on corn and soybean fields, have impacted the availability of milkweed in North America. Monarch caterpillars only eat milkweed plants and monarch butterflies need milkweed to lay their eggs.   According to Ashe, the key to conserving monarch butterflies is to put good habitat on the landscape. 

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