The Service's decision, commonly called a 90-day finding, is based on scientific information about the species provided in the petition requesting listing of the species under the ESA. The Service published this finding in Federal Register on
The finding does not mean that the Service has decided it is appropriate to list Casey's June beetle. Rather, this finding is the first step in a process that begins with a more thorough review of all the biological information available. This process, which includes a request for input from the public, should be completed within 12 months of completing the initial 90-day finding. This status review will determine whether the Casey's June beetle warrants listing as a threatened or endangered species.
To ensure this status review is comprehensive, the Service is soliciting scientific and commercial information about the Casey's June beetle, including information related to its biology and habitat needs.
Based on the status review, the Service will make one of three possible determinations:
1) Listing is not warranted, in which case no further action will be taken.
2) Listing as threatened or endangered is warranted. In this case, the Service will publish a proposal to list, solicit independent scientific peer review of the proposal, seek input from the public, and consider the input before a final decision about listing the species is made. Generally, there is a one-year period between the time a species is proposed and the final decision.
3) Listing is warranted but precluded by other, higher priority activities. This means the species is added to the Federal list of candidate species and the proposal to list is deferred while the Service works on listing proposals for other species that are at greater risk. A warranted but precluded finding requires subsequent annual reviews of the finding until such time as either a listing proposal is published or a not warranted finding is made based on new information.
The petition to list the Casey's June beetle was submitted to the Service in May 2004, by Dr. David H. Wright, the Center for Biological Diversity, and the Sierra Club. Under the ESA, the Service is required to review the petition and determine whether it contains substantial scientific information that listing may be warranted. This finding was prepared pursuant to a settlement agreement resulting from a lawsuit filed against the Service by the petitioners.
The Casey's June beetle is one of two currently identified species in the genus Dinacoma. This species measures about 0.55 to 0.71 inches with dusty brown or whitish coloring and brown and cream longitudinal stripes on the elytra (wing covers/back). Between late March and early June, Casey's June beetles emerge from burrows. After emergence, the females remain on the ground while the males begin a short flight season (about 1 week) seeking out the females.
Currently, the only known population of the Casey's June beetle inhabits about 600 contiguous acres of land in southern
Currently, the Service is working with Smoke Tree Ranch, Incorporated, to develop a Candidate Conservation Agreement with Assurances that could conserve species in the absence of listing it as threatened or endangered under the ESA; however, the Agreement has not yet been completed.
Anyone wishing to submit information regarding Casey's June beetle may do so by writing to the Field Supervisor, Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office,
A copy of the 90-day finding is available on the Internet at http://carlsbad.fws.gov, or by contacting the Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office at 760/431-9440.
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is the principal Federal agency responsible for conserving, protecting and enhancing fish, wildlife and plants and their habitats for the continuing benefit of the American people. The Service manages the 95-million-acre National Wildlife Refuge System, which encompasses 546 national wildlife refuges, thousands of small wetlands and other special management areas. It also operates 69 national fish hatcheries, 63 fishery resources offices and 81 ecological services field stations. The agency enforces Federal wildlife laws, administers the Endangered Species Act, manages migratory bird populations, restores nationally significant fisheries, conserves and restores wildlife habitat such as wetlands, and helps foreign and Native American Tribal governments with their conservation efforts. It also oversees the Federal Assistance program, which distributes hundreds of millions of dollars in excise taxes on fishing and hunting equipment to State fish and wildlife agencies.
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