Nevada Fish & Wildlife Office
Pacific Southwest Region

Soldier Meadows cinquefoil
(Potentilla basaltica)

Photo Credit: Sarah Kulpa USFWS

Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Potentilla
Species: basaltica
 
Habitat: known only from two occurrences in southwestern Humboldt County, Nevada, and two occurrences in north-central Lassen County, California
 

Official Status:

Protection not warranted. Even though Soldier Meadow cinquefoil is rare, it appears to be stable.  There are conservation measures in place that will adequately conserve the species.
 

Life History:

Soldier Meadow cinquefoil is a low-growing, perennial forb in the rose family, with clusters of leaves that lie nearly flat on the ground, and extend approximately 20 inches in diameter.  It has bright yellow flowers that are typically observed throughout the summer months, beginning in May. 

 

Distribution and Habitat:

 

All known locations of Soldier Meadow cinquefoil are restricted to approximately 23 acres in the Soldier Meadow region of Humboldt County in northwestern Nevada, and the Ash Valley region of Lassen County in northeastern California.  The Nevada population occurs in or near alkali meadows, seeps and marsh habitats bordering perennial thermal springs and outflows, between 4,330 and 4,600 feet elevation.  The California population occurs between 5,000 and 5,200 feet elevation around the upper margin of wetland vegetation.

 

Threats:

 

Threats to the species that were identified when it was elevated to candidate status have been addressed, and the species is no longer threatened with extinction.  Those threats included recreation, livestock grazing, degradation or elimination of habitat for agriculture, roads and OHV activity, geothermal exploration, invasive, nonnative plant species, and inadequacy of existing regulatory mechanisms. 


Actions have been taken to address these threats, including the construction of a designated camping area outside of sensitive species habitats, closing roads in sensitive species habitats, and the construction of a fence to exclude livestock.


In May 2004, the BLM completed a draft Environmental Assessment for a Soldier Meadow Recreation Management Plan.  The plan implemented numerous conservation actions for the listed and candidate species of Soldier Meadow that closed access roads to spring, riparian and wetland areas, limits vehicles to designated roads and trails, established a central campground away from sensitive habitats, and proposed a monitoring program to assess the effects of these actions on listed, candidate, and sensitive species.  It also included the installation of educational signs and an increased presence of BLM staff, including law enforcement and a site steward during the six-month primary public use period.  The steward directly interacts with the visitors to provide public outreach.  All of these actions, with the exception of the monitoring program, were fully implemented and are reported to have been successful at reducing recreational impacts to the habitats of sensitive species, including that of Potentilla basaltica.

 

Actions / Current Information:

 

Date Citation Page Title
08/01/2013   Federal Register: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service), announce a 12-month finding on a petition to list the plant Potentilla basaltica (Soldier Meadow cinquefoil) as an endangered or threatened species.
08/01/2013   News Release: The Service also determined the threat of extinction no longer exists for the Soldier Meadow cinquefoil (Potentilla basaltica) and it will be removed from the list of candidate species.
11/09/2009 74 FR 57803 57878 Review of Native Species That Are Candidates for Listing as Endangered or Threatened; Annual Notice of Findings on Resubmitted Petitions; Annual Description of Progress on Listing Actions
12/10/2008 73 FR 75175 75244 Review of Native Species That Are Candidates for Listing as Endangered or Threatened; Annual Notice of Findings on Resubmitted Petitions; Annual Description of Progress on Listing Actions; Proposed Rule
12/06/2007 72 FR 69033 69106 Review of Native Species That Are Candidates for Listing as Endangered or Threatened; Annual Notice of Findings on Resubmitted Petitions; Annual Description of Progress on Listing Actions; Proposed Rule
09/12/2006 71 FR 53755 53835 Review of Native Species That Are Candidates or Proposed for Listing as Endangered or Threatened; Annual Notice of Findings on Resubmitted Petitions; Annual Description of Progress on Listing Actions
05/11/2005 70 FR 24869 24934 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Review of Native Species That Are Candidates or Proposed for Listing as Endangered or Threatened; Annual Notice of Findings on Resubmitted Petitions; Annual Description of Progress on Listing Actions; Proposed Rule
     
     
     
Last updated: August 5, 2013