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Endangered Species, Threatened Species,Federal Species of Concern, and Candidate Species,

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Cumberland County, North Carolina

Updated: 012-26-2012

Common Name Scientific name Federal Status Record Status
American alligator Alligator mississippiensis T (S/A)Current
American eel Anguilla rostrata FSCCurrent
Bachman's sparrow Aimophila aestivalis FSCCurrent
Black-throated green warbler Dendroica virens waynei FSCCurrent
Broadtail madtom Noturus sp. cf. leptacanthus FSCCurrent
Carolina gopher frog Rana capito capito FSCCurrent
Northern pine snake Pituophis melanoleucus melanoleucus FSCObscure
Red-cockaded woodpecker Picoides borealis ECurrent
Sandhills chub Semotilus lumbee FSCCurrent
Southern hognose snake Heterodon simus FSCObscure
Atlantic pigtoe Fusconaia masoni FSCHistoric
Saint Francis' satyr butterfly Neonympha mitchellii francisci ECurrent
Yellow lampmussel Lampsilis cariosa FSCCurrent
Vascular Plant:
American chaffseed Schwalbea americana ECurrent
Awned meadowbeauty Rhexia aristosa FSCHistoric
Bog oatgrass Danthonia epilis FSCCurrent
Bog spicebush Lindera subcoriacea FSCCurrent
Boykin's lobelia Lobelia boykinii FSCCurrent
Carolina grass-of-parnassus Parnassia caroliniana FSCCurrent
Cuthbert turtlehead Chelone cuthbertii FSCCurrent
False coco Pteroglossaspis ecristata FSCHistoric
Georgia lead-plant Amorpha georgiana var. georgiana FSCCurrent
Loose watermilfoil Myriophyllum laxum FSCCurrent
Michaux's sumac Rhus michauxii ECurrent
Pickering's dawnflower Stylisma pickeringii var. pickeringii FSCCurrent
Pondberry Lindera melissifolia ECurrent
Pondspice Litsea aestivalis FSCCurrent
Rough-leaved loosestrife Lysimachia asperulaefolia ECurrent
Roughleaf yellow-eyed grass Xyris scabrifolia FSCCurrent
Sandhills bog lily Lilium pyrophilum FSCCurrent
Sandhills milk-vetch Astragalus michauxii FSCCurrent
Small-leaved meadow-rue Thalictrum macrostylum FSCCurrent
Spring-flowering goldenrod Solidago verna FSCCurrent
Venus' fly-trap Dionaea muscipula FSCCurrent
Well's sandhill pixie-moss Pyxidanthera barbulata var. brevifolia FSCCurrent
Nonvascular Plant:
Savanna campylopus Campylopus carolinae FSCCurrent

Definitions of Federal Status Codes:
E = endangered. A taxon "in danger of extinction throughout all or a significant portion of its range."
T = threatened. A taxon "likely to become endangered within the foreseeable future throughout all or a significant portion of its range."
C = candidate. A taxon under consideration for official listing for which there is sufficient information to support listing. (Formerly "C1" candidate species.)
BGPA =Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act. See below.
FSC = federal species of concern. A species under consideration for listing, for which there is insufficient information to support listing at this time. These species may or may not be listed in the future, and many of these species were formerly recognized as "C2" candidate species.
T(S/A) = threatened due to similarity of appearance. A taxon that is threatened due to similarity of appearance with another listed species and is listed for its protection. Taxa listed as T(S/A) are not biologically endangered or threatened and are not subject to Section 7 consultation. See below.
EXP = experimental population. A taxon listed as experimental (either essential or nonessential). Experimental, nonessential populations of endangered species (e.g., red wolf) are treated as threatened species on public land, for consultation purposes, and as species proposed for listing on private land.
P = proposed. Taxa proposed for official listing as endangered or threatened will be noted as "PE" or "PT", respectively.

Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act (BGPA):

In the July 9, 2007 Federal Register( 72:37346-37372), the bald eagle was declared recovered, and removed (de-listed) from the Federal List of Threatened and Endangered wildlife. This delisting took effect August 8,2007. After delisting, the Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act (Eagle Act) (16 U.S.C. 668-668d) becomes the primary law protecting bald eagles. The Eagle Act prohibits take of bald and golden eagles and provides a statutory definition of "take" that includes "disturb". The USFWS has developed National Bald Eagle Management Guidelines to provide guidance to land managers, landowners, and others as to how to avoid disturbing bald eagles. For mor information, visit

Threatened due to similarity of appearance(T(S/A)):

In the November 4, 1997 Federal Register (55822-55825), the northern population of the bog turtle (from New York south to Maryland) was listed as T (threatened), and the southern population (from Virginia south to Georgia) was listed as T(S/A) (threatened due to similarity of appearance). The T(S/A) designation bans the collection and interstate and international commercial trade of bog turtles from the southern population. The T(S/A) designation has no effect on land management activities by private landowners in North Carolina, part of the southern population of the species. In addition to its official status as T(S/A), the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service considers the southern population of the bog turtle as a Federal species of concern due to habitat loss.

Definitions of Record Status:
Current - the species has been observed in the county within the last 50 years.
Historic - the species was last observed in the county more than 50 years ago.
Obscure - the date and/or location of observation is uncertain.
Incidental/migrant - the species was observed outside of its normal range or habitat.
Probable/potential - the species is considered likely to occur in this county based on the proximity of known records (in adjacent counties), the presence of potentially suitable habitat, or both.