Section 4(f) of the Endangered Species Act (ESA) of 1973, as amended directs the Secretary of the Interior and the Secretary of Commerce to develop and implement recovery plans for species of animals and plants listed as endangered or threatened, unless such plans will not promote the conservation of the species. Recovery Plans delineate reasonable actions that are believed to be required to recover and protect listed species. Plans are published by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service), sometimes prepared with the assistance of recovery teams, contractors State agencies and others. Recovery Plans do not necessarily represent the views nor the official positions or approval of any individuals or agencies involved in the plan formulation. However, approved Recovery Plans represent the official position of the Service, after they have completed public review and are signed by the Service.
At the request of Region 6 of the Service, a Preble's Recovery Team was formed from experts and stakeholders in 2000, with the Recovery Team providing the Service their draft recovery recommendations by June 2003. The Recovery Team draft recommendations were revised by the Service in November 2003. Based upon draft taxonomic work completed by the Denver Museum of Nature and Science (DMNS) the Service halted all work on recovery planning as new genetic and morphological information drew into question the taxonomic validity of the Preble's meadow jumping mouse by December 2003.
Since then, numerous parties have requested copies of the November 2003 document. The Service made the November 2003 document available through our website. Although the attached document is written in the format of a Recovery Plan, and uses the term "Recovery Plan" within the document, the attached document is not a draft Recovery Plan, does not necessarily represent the position of individual Recovery Team members and is not approved by the Service. The Service is not seeking public comments on this document.
In 2009, the Service reformed a Preble's Recovery Team and the team is again working toward development of a Recovery Plan.