CHAPTER V

CONSULTATION AND COORDINATION

CONSULTATION AND COORDINATION

Consultation and Coordination in Development of the Proposal

This section summarizes the interagency coordination that occurred and was used to develop the proposed action of reintroducing grizzly bears as a nonessential experimental population into the Bitterroot Ecosystem (BE). See Appendix 1 for additional information regarding the chronology of grizzly bear recovery in the BE.

1975 Grizzly bear listed as threatened under the Endangered Species Act. Bitterroot Ecosystem recognized as one of the 3 recovery areas, along with the Bob Marshall and Yellowstone areas.

1982 Grizzly Bear Recovery Plan finalized. Bitterroot Ecosystem identified as an Evaluation Area to determine if grizzly bears still existed there, and if the habitat was of good enough quality to provide for grizzly bear population recovery.

1991 Technical Review Team of independent bear biologists was organized to review available habitat data. The Team determined that the BEA could support between 200-400 grizzly bears.

1992 The Interagency Grizzly Bear Committee (IGBC) reviewed the determination and recommendations of the Technical Review Team and authorized the preparation of a Recovery Plan for the Bitterroot Ecosystem to include as a chapter of the Grizzly Bear Recovery Plan. An interagency team of biologists was organized to develop the plan.

1992 Wayne Wakkinen (IDFG) was appointed team leader of an interagency team of biologists (USFWS, IDFG, MDFWP, USFS) to develop the BE Recovery Plan Chapter.

1992 A Citizens Involvement Group (CIG) was organized to help guide the development of the Bitterroot Ecosystem Grizzly Bear Recovery Chapter. Invitations to participate in this group were published in several local papers and were sent to people on the mailing lists for the Clearwater, Nez Perce, and Bitterroot National Forests. The CIG began with 50 people and ended in 1993 with 30 members.

1992 September - open houses to provide public information scoping on the draft BE Recovery Plan Chapter were held by the USFWS, CIG, and interagency team in Hamilton and Missoula, MT, Salt Lake City, UT, and Lewiston, Grangeville, and Orofino, ID. USFWS recommended using a "nonessential experimental population" designation as identified in Sec. 10(j) of the ESA and releasing 4-6 bears per year for 5 years.

1993 Revised Grizzly Bear Recovery Plan completed.

1993 Bitterroot Ecosystem Subcommittee branched off from Northwest Ecosystem Subcommittee to allow decision makers more involvement in planning and local input.

1993 Federal Register Notice published for public involvement for the BE Recovery Plan Chapter (8/16/93).

1993 USFWS solicits public response to the draft BE Recovery Plan Chapter (8/20-10/20). Several public meetings were held to obtain information for the BE Recovery Plan Chapter.

1993 Grizzly Bear Recovery in the Bitterroots brochure published by the IDFG, USFS, USFWS, and MDFWP (8/93).

1993 The Idaho Legislature authorized the formation of a Grizzly Bear Oversight Committee for Idaho, consisting of the chairs of the Idaho Senate and House Resource committees, and representatives each from timber, mining, livestock, recreation, and wildlife. Committee held public meetings on the BE Recovery Plan Chapter in Grangeville and Orofino, Idaho (8/93).

1993 In response to public comments from local communities of central Idaho and western Montana, several changes were made in the final draft chapter. The draft chapter was completed December 11, 1993 and approved by the IGBC. The BE Recovery Plan final draft was appended as a chapter to the Revised Grizzly Bear Recovery Plan, and listed for comment in the Federal Register. It called for an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) to evaluate a full range of recovery alternatives.

1994 2/4 - (revised on 2/7), release of "Position Statement of the State of Idaho Grizzly Bear Oversight Committee."

1994 July - IGBC authorized development of an Environmental Impact Statement to identify alternatives and issues, recovery area boundaries, and environmental consequences of implementing the BE Recovery Chapter.

1994 11/28 - IGBC Bitterroot Ecosystem Subcommittee meets in Missoula. Dr. Chris Servheen reports on EIS funding, and the intention to hire an EIS team leader. Schedule and public involvement discussed.

1994 12/14-15 - Winter IGBC meeting in Denver, CO. EIS schedule approved.

1995 1/9 - Notice of Intent to prepare an EIS published in the Federal Register (Vol 60, No 5).

1995 The USFWS continued public involvement and assembled an interdisciplinary team to begin the EIS process. Team leader selected. Team members include specialists from the USFWS, USFS, IDFG, MDFWP, and the Nez Perce Tribe.

1995 1/26 - BE EIS team meeting. Strategic planning on setting up systems, partnerships, etc. Nadeau reports on meeting with Keith Carlson, ID Fish and Game Commissioner.

1995 2/1 - Core EIS team meeting. Develop initial EIS schedule.

1995 2/2 - IGBC Bitterroot Ecosystem Subcommittee meets in Missoula. EIS schedule developed, and EIS team leader is introduced. Printing and distribution of Citizen's Q&A booklet scheduled. Coalition presents framework for an alternative with no economic impact.

1995 2/9 - Bitterroot Public Involvement strategy meeting.

1995 2/28 - EIS Team leader meets with Idaho Panhandle National Forest.

1995 March-May - USFWS, USFS, and IDFG attend (as guests) sensing meetings hosted by Coalition. Meetings held in Grangeville, Orofino, Hamilton, and Missoula.

1995 3/2-3 Bitterroot EIS meeting in Boise.

1995 3/3 - EIS Team leader appeared before the Idaho Legislature joint Committees on Resources at the request of Sen. Laird Noh and Rep. Golden Linford. EIS Team leader discussed the BE EIS process. Dr. Jim Peek (Univ. of Idaho) and Jerry Conley (IDFG) made presentations. Joint Committees voted to continue the Grizzly Bear Management Oversight Committee.

1995 3/4 - Boise AP story on ID Legislature voting to stay involved in the process.

1995 March - Chris Servheen and Tom Puchlertz meet with Sen. Craig, Rep. Chenoweth, and Rep. Crapo in Washington, D.C. Interest in the overall process, public involvement, and a 10j alternative.

1995 March - IGBC meeting in Minneapolis. Team leader presents overview of the EIS process, emerging issues, and updated EIS schedule.

1995 3/15 - IGBC Bitterroot Ecosystem Subcommittee (BES) meeting in Lewiston, ID. EIS Team leader attended.

1995 April - BES informed that ID Legislature Oversight Committee will continue with its participation in grizzly recovery, which in turn allows IDFG to continue their participation.

1995 4/20 - EIS Team leader meets with Bitterroot National Forest in Hamilton, MT.

1995 5/4 - EIS Team leader meets at Lowell, ID with IDFG and USFS biologists to determine effectiveness of present forest guidelines for grizzly bear concerns. Decision made that Clearwater Forest standards are adequate for the planning period.

1995 5/11 - BES meeting at USFS Powell Ranger District. EIS Team leader and Chris Servheen attend. Idaho legislative Oversight Committee extended for 2 years. Received 80 comments on NOI in Federal Register. Decide to contract with Responsive Management for survey of social attitudes regarding grizzly bear recovery in the BE.

1995 5/18-19 - EIS Team leader and Chris Servheen meet with USFWS Regional Office in Denver to discuss the BE DEIS.

1995 6/2 - EIS Team leader attends internal scoping meeting at West Fork Ranger Station, Bitterroot Forest.

1995 6/5 - Formal scoping for issues and alternatives begins with notice in Federal Register for a 45-day comment period.

1995 6/11 - EIS Team leader attends Ravalli County Commissioners meeting in Hamilton, MT.

1995 6/12 - EIS Team leader conducts interagency coordination in Moscow, ID.

1995 6/12 - EIS Team leader conducts interagency coordination in Orofino and Lewiston, ID.

1995 6/20 - News release sent to media in western Montana and Idaho announcing public scoping meetings.

1995 6/9-24 - Public attitude survey conducted by Responsive Management for IDFG.

1995 6/24 - Bitterroot CIG (from BE Recovery Plan Chapter revision) reconvenes for EIS update in Lowell, ID.

1995 7/5-11 - Seven Alternative and Issue scoping sessions held in Grangeville, Orofino, Boise, ID, Hamilton, Missoula, Helena, MT, and Salt Lake City, UT.

1995 7/20 - End 45-day public comment period on scoping of issues and alternatives.

1995 7/25 - Public comment period extended 30 days to August 21. A news release was sent to local and national media announcing the extension.

1995 7/27 - BES meeting in Grangeville, ID.

1995 8/1-3 - Summer IGBC meeting at Radium Hot Springs. BE DEIS progress discussed in public meeting.

1995 8/4 - USFWS press release (AP), "Independent sampling of public attitudes completed on proposal to reintroduce grizzly bears in Bitterroot Mountains of Idaho."

1995 8/21 - End of 30-day extension to public comment period for issues and alternatives.

1995 8/27 - Missoulian article on AP wire with results of attitude survey.

1995 9/19 - Content analysis of public comments on scoping of issues and preliminary alternatives completed.

1995 October - Content analysis report to the public and IGBC.

1995 11/2 - BE EIS team meeting in Missoula. Planning schedule, review of wolf EIS, bracket alternatives, review table of contents, information need and sources, and time frame.

1995 November - Gov. Racicot meets with over 300 citizens in Ravalli County. Grizzly bear recovery a major point of meeting. The Governor supported the concept of citizen's management.

1995 11/21 - Herb Pollard notifies BES of new members on EIS team, Wayne Kasworm and Johnna Roy.

1995 November - Mollie Beattie meets with Sen. Conrad Burns. BE EIS is a key discussion point.

1995 11/28 - IDFG personnel are briefed on BE EIS process via and internal mailing.

1995 11/30 and 12/8 - Idaho Legislative Oversight Committee comments on Coalition alternative.

1995 12/6-7 - Winter IGBC meeting in Denver, CO. Implementation funding for BE EIS on agenda.

1996 January - Briefing prepared for Senator Burns on the BE EIS and reintroduction process to date.

1996 January - Alliance for the Wild Rockies publishes, The Conservation Biology Alternative for Grizzly Bear Recovery and Population Restoration in the Greater Salmon-Selway Region of Central Idaho and western Montana. The Alliance hosts a series of public open houses to review this alternative and issues a news release on their alternative.

1996 1/18 - BE EIS team updates Idaho Legislature Oversight Committee via letter.

1996 1/22 - Dianne Daley-Laursen briefs Matthew McKeown, Idaho Office of the Attorney General, on BE EIS.

1996 1/23 - IDFG EIS team member briefs Jerry Conley (IDFG Director) on status of BE DEIS.

1996 1/24-25 - Dana Dolson attended USFS research team meeting for the integrated BE.

1996 1/25 - Governor Batt writes a letter to Rep. Chenoweth stating the state of Idaho is opposed to grizzly bear reintroduction.

1996 1/20 - Ralph Morgenweck briefs congressional staffs in Washington, D.C. on BE EIS.

1996 2/8-9 - Idaho Legislature passes House Joint Memorial No. 6 urging Congress to withdraw funding and other actions for reintroduction of the grizzly bear into Idaho.

1996 2/13 - IGBC conference call. BE EIS scheduling and funding for implementation.

1996 2/23 - Laird Robinson and Chris Servheen briefed Idaho Legislature with background information prior to vote on House Joint Memorial No. 6.

1996 2/26 - Idaho Legislature passes House Joint Memorial 6 opposing grizzly bear reintroduction.

1996 2/26 - USFWS press release, "US Fish and Wildlife Service announces progress on Draft Environmental Impact Statement." AP, MT and ID weeklies. Major issues identified in scoping and alternatives submitted during scoping are written up. Progress on the DEIS and future public involvement are discussed.

1996 3/13 - MT Governor Marc Racicot writes USFWS with citizen concerns regarding reintroduction.

1996 3/14 - BE EIS team meeting. Revise schedule, review alternatives.

1996 3/25 - IGBC meeting at Tulsa, OK. Implementation funding and release of draft EIS to the public.

1996 5/22-24 - BE EIS team meeting. Review and edit Chapters 1-3, and revise schedule.

1996 6/4 - Summer IGBC meeting held in Gardiner, MT. Update on BE DEIS.

1996 7/2 - BE EIS team meeting. Review Chapters 1-3,5,6 and make edits. Discuss alternatives and revise schedule.

1996 7/31 - BE EIS team conference call. Revise schedule and discuss DEIS release and public involvement strategy.

1996 8/9 - DEIS draft sent to USFWS Denver Regional and Washington Offices for internal review.

1996 9/11 - Bitterroot Ecosystem Grizzly Bear Recovery Chapter finalized and signed.

1996 10/4 - Steve Nadeau briefs Idaho Fish and Game Commission at Boise regarding progress of DEIS.

1996 10/10 - BE EIS team meeting. Review USFWS comments on draft DEIS, revise schedule, and discuss public involvement strategy.

1996 10/21 - DEIS draft sent to partner agencies (USFS, MDFWP, Nez Perce Tribe) for internal review and comment.

1996 11/27 - BE EIS team conference call with USFWS (Boise) and National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) (Boise) to discuss the Biological Assessment for the DEIS.

1996 11/27 - Revised DEIS draft sent to IDFG for internal review and comment.

1997 1/15 - Dr. Chris Servheen briefs IGBC on status of DEIS at Denver winter meeting.

1997 1/24 - Steve Mealey, Director IDFG sends letter to Dr. Chris Servheen stating that IDFG does not wish to comment on the internal agency review draft of the DEIS.

1997 1/27 - BE EIS team conference call with NMFS Boise office representative to discuss Biological Assessment preparation for anadromous fish.

1997 2/6 - Proposed Special Rule sent to USFWS Washington Office for review and signature.

1997 2/7 - DEIS sent to USFWS Region 6 and Washington Office for final review.

1997 3/18 - Dr. Chris Servheen briefs IGBC on status of DEIS at Washington, D.C. meeting.

1997 3/31 - Final edits from USFWS Region 6 and Washington Office reviews made to DEIS.

1997 4/16 - Dr. Chris Servheen and IGBC members meet with Idaho Governor Batt and Steve Mealey (IDFG Director) to discuss Bitterroot DEIS.

1997 4/17 - EIS team meets with NMFS representative to discuss Biological Assessment.

1997 4/30 - Dr. Chris Servheen and IGBC members meet in Boise with Idaho Legislators, Idaho CongressionaB Delegation, Public Lands Committee of the Idaho Association of Counties, and Idaho Fish and Game Commission to discuss DEIS.

1997 5/9 - Conference call with USFWS and USFS to discuss DEIS status and plan for publicizing the document release to the public.

1997 5/15 - Core EIS team meets to draft a communications and publicity plan for the DEIS.

1997 6/12 - Dr. Chris Servheen and IGBC members testify at congressional hearings chaired by Congresswoman Helen Chenoweth, in Washington, D.C.

1997 6/16 - Draft EIS completed, approved, and sent to printer for public distribution.

1997 7/1 - Draft EIS and DEIS Summaries distributed to public, and available on the Internet.

Public comments on the DEIS will not be available for public review until after the close of the public comment period on September 30, 1997.

Consultation and Coordination in Development of the EIS

Planning for the reintroduction of grizzly bears into the Bitterroot Ecosystem of central Idaho and western Montana was initiated in 1993, when the agencies of the Interagency Grizzly Bear Committee directed that an EIS be produced. An interagency team (see list of preparers this chapter) was established during 1995. During preparation of the DEIS, federal, state and local agencies, special interest groups and the public were consulted to obtain descriptive information, identify significant issues and effects and identify effective mitigating measures and reasonable alternatives to the proposal. The first series of seven public meetings was held by the USFWS in July 1995 (see public participation section, this chapter). At these meetings the USFWS presented information about the DEIS process and requested the public to identify issues they believed were important to grizzly bear recovery (see Chapter 1 for discussion of issues). Hearings and a public comment period will be conducted after the release of this DEIS for comments on the draft. The agencies and organizations listed at the end of this "Consultation and Coordination" section were contacted by the USFWS during preparation of the DEIS.

Summary of Public Involvement

Introduction

Beginning in 1993, local residents representing a spectrum of opinions on grizzly bear recovery, served on a citizen's involvement group as partners with agency personnel. The citizen's group provided direct input which led to several modifications of the final BE Grizzly Bear Recovery Plan Chapter, which was endorsed by the Interagency Grizzly Bear Committee in 1993. In 1995, the Fish & Wildlife Service continued public involvement and assembled an interdisciplinary team to begin the EIS process. Team members include specialists from the USFWS, USDA Forest Service, Idaho Department of Fish and Game, Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks, and the Nez Perce Tribe.

A public Notice of Intent concerning grizzly bear recovery in the Bitterroot Ecosystem, was published in the Federal Register on January 9, 1995 (Vol. 60, No. 5) on pages 2399- 2400. The notice was furnished as required by the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Regulations (40 CFR 1501.7) to obtain input from other agencies and the public on the scope of issues to be addressed in the EIS. The preliminary issues identified in March 1995 from scoping meetings for the Bitterroot Ecosystem Chapter of the Grizzly Bear Recovery Plan and the Notice of Intent to prepare an EIS were:

- recovery options and legal classification of grizzly bears

- possible restrictions on human uses of public lands

- geographic boundaries for recovery

- location and cost of a reintroduction program

- illegal killing of grizzly bears

- participatory role of citizens in grizzly bear recovery

- concern for human safety

- control of nuisance grizzly bears

Three preliminary alternatives were also identified and published in a Scoping of Issues and Alternatives brochure (Appendix 16). This brochure was sent to 1,100 people and distributed at seven open houses in July, 1995. The scoping brochure detailed the EIS process, provided background information, identified preliminary issues and alternatives, and described the purpose and need of the proposed action.

Seven public scoping open houses were held in Grangeville, Orofino and Boise, Idaho; in Missoula, Helena and Hamilton, Montana; and in Salt Lake City, Utah from July 5-11, 1995 with a 45-day public comment period on the proposal ending July 20. More than 300 people attended these scoping sessions and offered comments on the proposal, the preliminary issues and alternatives, and voiced their opinions on grizzly bears and reintroduction.

On July 25, 1995 the USFWS announced a 30-day extension of the public comment period to August 21. This extension was requested by numerous public interests with varied opinions on this complex topic.

Written comments on the preliminary issues and alternatives were received from more than 3,300 individual organizations and government agencies (Appendix 19 for summary). These comments arrived in over 565 letters, open house meeting notes, six petitions, and six form letters or postcards.

Issue and Alternative Scoping

The USFWS formally began the scoping process on January 9, 1995 with the publication of a Notice of Intent (NOI) to prepare an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) in the Federal Register (Vol. 60 - No. 5). This NOI asked the public to identify issues that should be addressed in the draft EIS. A few days earlier the USFWS had also issued a news release announcing the beginning of the EIS process and the start of an EIS on grizzly bear recovery in the Bitterroot Ecosystem.

On June 5, 1995, a notice was published in the Federal Register initiating the formal scoping process with a 45-day comment period. A news release was sent to the print, radio, and television media in western Montana and Idaho on June 26, 1995 announcing the dates and locations for public open houses. Public issue scoping was initiated by the USFWS by mailing a brochure that detailed the EIS process. It was mailed to 1100 people and distributed at seven open houses. The brochure gave background information, issues and alternatives identified to date, and explained how to become involved in the EIS process. People were asked to identify their issues and alternatives related to grizzly bear recovery in the Bitterroot Ecosystem.

From July 5-11, 1995, seven open houses were held in Boise, Orofino, and Grangeville, Idaho; Hamilton, Helena, and Missoula, Montana; and Salt Lake City, Utah. The open houses started at 4:00 p.m. and lasted until 8:00 p.m. At the open houses, people could watch a 5-minute introductory video about the proposal and talk with representatives of the USFWS, USDA Forest Service, and State Fish and Game agencies about grizzly bears, their recovery, and the EIS process. Those who attended the open houses received copies of the issue and alternative scoping brochure and the question-and-answer booklet. They were encouraged to leave written comments with the agency personnel or mail their comments later. Verbal comments or questions were heard and responded to by the agency representatives, but verbal testimony was not formally recorded.

Approximately 300 people attended the open houses. Written public comments on issues and alternatives were solicited at the open houses and through the media. On July 25, 1995, a notice was published in the Federal Register extending the scoping comment period 30 days (from July 20 to August 21, 1995). A July 25 press release was sent to local and national media to announce the extension.

List of Preparers

The Draft Environmental Impact Statement was prepared under the supervision of the United States Department of Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS).

Important Notice

The USFWS has sole responsibility for the content and direction of the DEIS. Participation or review by technical representatives of other agencies does not imply concurrence, endorsement, or agreement to any recommendations, conclusions, or statements in the DEIS. Official agency positions on the DEIS will be provided by those agencies that wish to provide comment during the standard public participation process of a DEIS, which will occur during the summer of 1997. All public comments, including those from agencies that participated in the development of the EIS, will be addressed and will be available for public review in the fall of 1997, after the DEIS comment period is closed.

Persons who contributed to the preparation of the statement or were formally requested to be involved in its review are listed below.

Bitterroot Ecosystem Grizzly Bear Recovery EIS Team

Core Team: This team bears the primary responsibility for preparing the DEIS. The members are:

Dr. Chris Servheen, U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service (USFWS), Grizzly Bear Recovery Coordinator

Wayne Kasworm, USFWS, Research Wildlife Biologist

Steve Nadeau, Idaho Department of Fish and Game (IDFG), Regional Wildlife Biologist

Tom Puchlerz, USDA Forest Service (USFS), Bridger-Teton Forest, Deputy Forest Supervisor

Laird Robinson, USFS, Region One, Public Affairs Officer

Johnna Roy, USFWS, Wildlife Biologist

Curt Mack, Nez Perce Tribe, Wildlife Biologist

Dr. Christopher Servheen. - U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Grizzly Bear Recovery Coordinator. Bitterroot Ecosystem Grizzly Bear EIS Project Leader. Responsible for the development, direction, and content of the EIS.

Education - B.A./B.S. (1973) in Zoology/Wildlife Biology from the University of Montana. M.S. (1975) in Wildlife Biology from the University of Washington. Master's thesis on winter ecology of bald eagles on the Skagit River, Washington. Ph.D. (1981) in Forestry from the University of Montana. Ph.D. dissertation on ecology and management of grizzly bears in the Mission Mountains, Montana. Experience - 1981-present: Grizzly Bear Recovery Coordinator, U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service, responsible for coordination of all research and management on grizzly bears in the lower 48 states; 1989-present, co-chair of Bear Specialist Group of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN); adjunct professor, Wildlife Biology Program, University of Montana; adjunct associate professor, School of Forestry, University of Montana.

Wayne Kasworm. - U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Research Wildlife Biologist. Responsible for preparation of the DEIS, and grizzly bear science expertise.

Education - B.S. (1977) in Fish and Wildlife Resources at University of Idaho. M.S. (1981) in Fish and Wildlife Management at Montana State University. Master's thesis on mule deer on the Rocky Mountain Front. Experience - 1982-83, worked in grizzly bear research for MDFWP on the Rocky Mountain Front. 1983-89, MDFWP Project Wildlife Biologist for grizzly bear research in the Cabinet-Yaak. 1989-present, USFWS Wildlife Biologist in the Cabinet-Yaak. Current duties include grizzly bear research and management, and population augmentation of grizzly bears into the Cabinet Mountains.

Steve Nadeau. - Idaho Department of Fish and Game, Regional Wildlife Biologist. Responsible for Idaho Fish and Game representation, grizzly bear science expertise, and preparation of the DEIS.

Education - B.S. (1980) in Wildlife Management, University of Maine, Orono. M.S. (1987) in Wildlife Biology, University of Montana. Experience - 1978-79, black bear research in Maine. 1980-83, bear management in Glacier National Park. 1983-87, researched grizzly bear-human conflicts in Glacier National Park (M.S.), grizzly bear research in British Columbia, wolf surveys in Central Idaho, and spotted owl research in Oregon. 1988-present, Idaho Dept. of Fish and Game as a Conservation Officer in the Bitterroot Mountains and Wildlife Biologist stationed at McCall and Lewiston. Assisted in preparation of BE Recovery Plan Chapter and other BE recovery efforts for 8 years. Responsible for predator management in Clearwater Region of north-central Idaho.

Tom Puchlerz. - USDA Forest Service, Bridger-Teton Forest, Deputy Forest Supervisor. Participated on the EIS team while at the Northern Region, as National Grizzly Bear Habitat Coordinator. Responsible for Forest Service representation and grizzly bear habitat expertise.

Education - B.S. (1971) in Wildlife Management, Colorado State University. Experience - 1972-present, 24 years professional experience with USFS as Wildlife Biologist, Resource Assistant, and District Ranger working with grizzly bear management in all occupied recovery zones to include; Cabinet/Yaak, Selkirk, NCDE, and Yellowstone. 1992-96, National Grizzly Bear Habitat Coordinator, Northern Region. Duties include USFS grizzly bear habitat program direction, and interagency coordination in all aspects of grizzly bear management.

Laird Robinson. - USDA Forest Service, Northern Region, Public Affairs Specialist. Responsible for Forest Service representation and public participation expertise.

Education - B.A., University of Montana. Experience - 1981-1988, Northern Region Forest Service, Public Involvement Specialist. 1988-1990, Regional Fire Recovery Coordinator. 1991, Regional Centennial Coordinator. 1992-1994, Gray Wolf EIS Public Affairs Specialist. 1994-present, Public Affairs Specialist for Northern Region and BE Grizzly Bear EIS.

Johnna Roy. - U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Wildlife Biologist. Responsible for writing and editing the DEIS and wildlife science expertise.

Education - B.S. (1984) in Wildlife and Fisheries Biology, University of Vermont. M.S. (1992) in Fish and Wildlife Management, Montana State University. Master's thesis on reintroduction of bighorn sheep in southwest Montana. Experience - 1984-88, worked for USFS, USFWS, IDFG, and MDFWP on a variety of wildlife and fisheries research and management projects. 1990-95, Wildlife Biologist, North Fork Ranger District, Clearwater National Forest. December 1995-1997, detailed to the USFS Northern Region as writer-editor/wildlife biologist for the BE Grizzly Bear DEIS. May 1997-present, USFWS Wildlife Biologist in central Idaho. Current duties include continuation of grizzly bear recovery efforts for the Bitterroot Ecosystem and other areas.

Curt Mack. - Nez Perce Tribe, Wildlife Biologist. Responsible for Nez Perce Tribe representation, and for writing a portion of the DEIS.

Education - B.S. (1977) in Wildlife Management, University of Idaho. M.S. (1985) in Wildlife Management, Colorado State University. Master's thesis on the reintroduction of river otters in Rocky Mountain National Park. Experience - 1985-90, Research Wildlife Biologist through Univ. of Montana. Assessed impacts to semi-aquatic furbearers for hydroelectric mitigation project on the Flathead Indian Reservation, Montana. 1990-present, Wildlife Biologist for the Nez Perce Tribe. Main duties include developing wildlife management guidelines for the Reservation and coordination of the endangered species program.

Expanded Team and Disciplinary Specialists: These specialists provided input, and prepared portions of the DEIS:

Steve Arno, USFS, Intermountain Fire Sciences Laboratory, Research Forester

Jody Brostrom, IDFG, Regional Fisheries Biologist

Dan Davis, USFS, Clearwater National Forest, Forest Wildlife Biologist

Dana Dolson, MDFWP, Department Sociologist

Robert Keane, USFS, Intermountain Research Station, Research Ecologist

John Firebaugh, MDFWP, Regional Wildlife Manager

Dianne Daley-Laursen, USFWS, IGBC Executive Assistant/Information & Education Specialist

Rick Mace, MDFWP, Research Wildlife Biologist

Leaf Magnuson, USFS, Lolo National Forest, Information Assistant

Herb Pollard, IDFG, Clearwater Region, Regional Supervisor

Timothy Thier, USFWS, Wildlife Biologist

Sarah Walker, USFS, Clearwater National Forest, Wilderness Technician

Margot Zallen, USDI, Regional Solicitor Office, Attorney

Chris Neher, Bioeconomics Incorporated, Economist

John Duffield, Bioeconomics Incorporated, Economist

Steve Arno. - USFS, Intermountain Fire Sciences Laboratory, Research Forester. Provided report on whitebark pine status in the Selway-Bitterroot Wilderness Complex.

Education - B.S. in Forestry, Washington State University. M.S. and Ph.D. from University of Montana. Experience - Current position as a Research Forester in the Prescribed Fire and Fire Effects research work unit at the Intermountain Fire Sciences Lab in Missoula, Montana. He has studied various aspects of forest ecology since 1963, including ecological site classifications, forest succession, fire history, fire effects, and the development of strategies for prescribed fire.

Jody Brostrom. - IDFG, Clearwater Region, Fisheries Biologist. Provided report on anadromous and resident fisheries status in the BE.

Education - B.S. in Fisheries Resources, B.S. in Wildlife Resources, University of Idaho. Graduate work in Fisheries Management, Montana State University. Experience - 1987-1996, Regional Fishery Biologist for IDFG. Research on life histories of rainbow trout, brown trout and cutthroat trout in the Henrys Fork and Teton River drainages, Idaho. Riparian/grazing and fisheries interactions in Teton River Basin. Steelhead trout, chinook salmon, cutthroat trout and bull trout population and habitat monitoring and management in Lochsa, Salmon, and Clearwater River drainages, Idaho.

Dan Davis. - USFS, Clearwater National Forest, Forest Wildlife Biologist. Provided grizzly bear habitat suitability information for the Clearwater Forest.

Education - B.S. (1974) in Wildlife Management, University of Idaho. Experience - Worked for USFS Clearwater National Forest for 22 years. Held current position as Forest Wildlife Biologist since 1982 (14 years). Duties include Wildlife and Botany Program coordination for Clearwater Forest. Involved with the grizzly bear recovery effort for the Bitterroot Ecosystem for 10 years.

Dana Dolson. - MDFWP, Department Sociologist. Responsible for preparation of reports on social and cultural aspects of grizzly bear reintroduction.

Education - B.S. (1975) Acadia University, Nova Scotia. M.S. (1986) University of Alberta, Edmonton. Experience - Previously worked for Nova Scotia Lands and Forests, Alberta Fish and Wildlife, Alberta Natural Areas, and the National Park Service's Cooperative Park Studies Unit at the University of Idaho. Current duties with MDFWP include coordinating citizen participation processes, designing public involvement programs, strategic planning, program assessment/outcome evaluation, facilitation, and employee training.

Robert Keane. - USFS, Intermountain Fire Sciences Laboratory, Research Ecologist. Provided report on whitebark pine status in the Selway-Bitterroot Wilderness Complex.

Education - B.S. (1978) in Forest Engineering, University of Maine, Orono. M.S. (1985) in Forest Ecology, University of Montana. Ph.D. (1994) in Forest Ecology, University of Idaho. Dissertation on whitebark pine in the Bob Marshall Wilderness. Experience - Worked with the USFS 1981-present as an ecological modeler and quantitative ecologist. Worked on whitebark pine since 1985. In present position as Research Ecologist with the Intermountain Fire Sciences Lab for 5 years.

John Firebaugh. - MDFWP, Regional Wildlife Manager. Provided report on Montana game populations within the BE.

Education - B.S. (1967) and M.S. (1969) in Fish and Wildlife Management, Montana State University. Experience - With MDFWP for 27 years. Field Wildlife Biologist, 1 year in Libby and 9 years in Hamilton. Regional Wildlife Manager in Missoula since 1979.

Dianne Daley-Laursen. - USFWS, IGBC Executive Assistant and Information & Education Specialist. Responsible for public relations, interagency coordination, and chronology report.

Education - B.S. in Forest Management, Stephen F. Austin State University. Graduate work in Forest Soils and Hydrology , University of Montana. Experience - Worked as a Forester for Lolo National Forest, Montana Department of State Lands, Plum Creek Timber Company, and Champion International Timberlands. Assistant Ranger in Recreation, Wilderness, and Resources, White Mountain National Forest. 1995-present, Information and Education Specialist and Executive Assistant for the Interagency Grizzly Bear Committee.

Rick Mace. - MDFWP, Research Wildlife Biologist. Responsible for preparation of report on biology of grizzly bears.

Education - B.S. and M.S. in Wildlife Management, University of Montana. Experience - Conducted research on grizzly bears for Univ. of Montana and MDFWP since 1976. Current position as Principle Investigator for the South Fork Flathead River grizzly study, which is a 10 year effort investigating habitat and demography of grizzly bears.

Leaf Magnuson. - USFS, Lolo National Forest, Information Assistant. Detailed to Northern Region Public Affairs Office to assist with portions of document preparation.

Education - B.S. (1993) in Recreation Management, University of Northern Colorado. Experience - Worked in private industry; ranching, logging, and construction. 1991-1996, Information Assistant for Lolo National Forest.

Herb Pollard. - IDFG, Regional Supervisor, Clearwater Region. Selway-Bitterroot Ecosystem Subcommittee Chairman. Provided guidance and acted as liaison between SBES and BE EIS team.

Education - B.S. (1967) in Fishery Science, Oregon State University. M.S. (1969) in Fishery Management, University of Idaho. Experience - 1969-1996 employed by IDFG: 1969-1972, Fishery Research Biologist; 1972-1975, Regional Fishery Manager; 1975-1981, State Fishery Manager; 1981-1985, Anadromous Fishery Coordinator; 1985-1992, Regional Supervisor, Upper Snake River Region; 1992-1996, Regional Supervisor, Clearwater Region. Member of Yellowstone Ecosystem Grizzly Bear Subcommittee, 1985-1992. Chairman of Bitterroot Ecosystem Grizzly Bear Subcommittee, 1992-present.

Timothy Thier. - MDFWP, Wildlife Biologist. Worked for USFWS during early stages of BE Grizzly Bear DEIS.

Education - B.S. (1978) Forestry, University of Montana. M.S. (1990) Wildlife Management, University of Montana. M.S. Thesis on black bears in the Yaak. Worked for USFWS and assisted with the Recovery Plan Chapter for the BE, and early public meetings regarding grizzly bear recovery in the BE.

Sarah Walker. - USFS, Clearwater National Forest, Wilderness Ranger, Selway-Bitterroot Wilderness. Gathered data for Chapter 3, Existing Condition.

Education - B.A. (1969) in History, Wheaton College. Experience - 15 years with the USFS, mostly in Wilderness management. 1985-1996, Clearwater National Forest, worked as a Wildlife and Botany Technician, and as Wilderness Technician for the Selway-Bitterroot Wilderness.

Margot Zallen. - U. S. Department of the Interior, Regional Solicitor Office, Attorney. Provide legal guidance for DEIS.

Chris Neher. - Bioeconomics, Inc., Economist. Contracted to provide economic analysis for the DEIS.

Education - B.S. (1979) in Business, University of Idaho. M.A. (1989) in Economics, University of Montana. 1989-present, Research Economist with Bioeconomics, Inc. and University of Montana. Contracted to provide economic analysis for the Reintroduction of Gray Wolves into Yellowstone National Park and Central Idaho EIS.

John Duffield. - University of Montana, Economics Professor, and President of Bioeconomics, Inc.. Contracted to direct and oversee the economic analysis for the DEIS.

Currently a Research Professor in Economics at University of Montana, and President of Bioeconomics, Inc.. Contracted to oversee the economic analysis for the Reintroduction of Gray Wolves into Yellowstone National Park and Central Idaho EIS.

Primary Technical Review and Coordination Team

This group helped gather information and assisted in the development and review of concepts, ideas, and strategies used in the draft Grizzly Bear EIS. However, they did not have control over program recommendations or contents which are solely those of the USFWS.

Resource Organization on Timber Supply

Intermountain Forest Industry Association

Potlatch Corporation

National Wildlife Federation

Defenders of Wildlife

Interagency Grizzly Bear Committee

USDI Fish & Wildlife Service

USDA Forest Service

Idaho Department of Fish and Game

Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks

Nez Perce Tribe

Alliance for the Wild Rockies

Citizen's Involvement Group

Issue and Alternative Scoping Content Analysis Team

Team that analyzed public comment during issue and alternative scoping (September, 1995):

Team Leaders Sherry Munther USDA Forest Service Region 1, Missoula, MT

Laird Robinson USDA Forest Service Region 1, Missoula, MT

Team Members Wells Worley Lolo National Forest, Superior Ranger District

Linda King Bitterroot National Forest, West Fork Ranger District

Carol Tenney U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, Helena, MT

Margie Brousseau Helena National Forest, Lincoln Ranger District

Mikal Reese Beaverhead National Forest, Wisdom Ranger District

Dianne Daley-Laursen U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, Missoula, MT

Carol Ippisch Lolo National Forest, Superior Ranger District

Marge Hacke Kootenai National Forest, Libby, MT

Computer Support Dave Browder Lolo National Forest, Missoula, MT

Marge Rains Lolo National Forest, Missoula, MT

Sherry Munther. - USFS, Northern Region, Appeals Specialist in Ecosystem Assessment and Planning. Team co-leader for the Issue and Alternative Scoping Content Analysis Team (September, 1995).

Education - B.S. (1972) in Business and English Education, Utah State University. M.S. (1973) in Secondary Education, Utah State University. Experience - Worked with the USFS since 1972. Worked at the Northern Region as a Writer-Editor, Public Affairs Specialist, and in current position as Appeals Specialist in Ecosystem Assessment and Planning since 4/96.

Laird Robinson. - USFS, Northern Region, Public Affairs Specialist. Team co-leader for the Issue and Alternative Scoping Content Analysis Team (September, 1995). Also member of the Core EIS Team.

DEIS Technical Review and Coordination Team

This group was formally requested to review and provide oversight on the draft Grizzly Bear EIS. They were kept informed of DEIS progress, but were not asked to provide specific comments before the DEIS was released for public review. They represent unique grizzly bear management and recovery or EIS expertise, or represented agencies that were potentially affected by a decision on grizzly bear recovery in the BE.

Suzanne Audet.--USFWS, Wildlife Biologist. Spokane, Washington.

Dale Becker.--Flathead Tribe, Wildlife Program Director. Ronan, Montana.

Steve Blair.--USFS, Nez Perce National Forest, Forest Wildlife Biologist. Grangeville, Idaho.

Jim Claar.--USFS, Northern Region, Wildlife and Fisheries, Staff Specialist. Missoula, Montana.

Jerry Conley.--IDFG, Director of IDFG. Boise, Idaho.

Pat Cudmore.--IDFG, Legislative Liaison. Boise, Idaho.

Jerry Diebert.--USFS, Lolo National Forest, District Wildlife Biologist. Huson, Montana.

Arnold Dood.--MDFWP, Statewide Endangered Species Coordinator. Bozeman, Montana.

Glenn Erickson.--MDFWP, Headquarters, Wildlife Management Bureau Chief. Helena, Montana.

Paul Gertler.--USFWS, Denver, Colorado.

Jay Gore.--USFS, Northern Region, Acting Grizzly Bear Habitat Coordinator. Missoula, Montana.

Dale Harms.--USFWS, Helena, Montana.

Paul Harrington.--USFS, Idaho Panhandle Forest, Forest Wildlife Biologist. Coeur d'Alene, Idaho.

Mike Hillis.--USFS, Lolo National Forest, Forest Wildlife Biologist. Missoula, Montana.

Kirk Horn.--USFS, Northern Region, Staff Director, Wildlife and Fisheries. Missoula, Montana.

Idaho Grizzly Bear Management Oversight Committee.--Ms. Cindy Siddoway, Mr. Dick Willhite, Honorable Laird Noh, Mr. Bob Deurloo, Mr. John Hatch, Dr. Jim Peek, Mr. Steve Mealey, Mr. Mike Luque, Honorable Charles Cuddy. Also: Honorable Judy Danielson, Mr. Stan Hamilton, Honorable Golden Linford, Honorable Marguerite McLaughlin, Mr. Grant Simonds.

Keith Lawrence.--Nez Perce Tribe, Wildlife Program Director. Lapwai, Idaho.

Wayne Melquist.--IDFG, Statewide Nongame Program Director. Boise, Idaho.

John Ormiston.--USFS, Bitterroot National Forest, Forest Wildlife Biologist. Hamilton, Montana.

Tom Reinecker.--IDFG, Wildlife Bureau Chief. Boise, Idaho.

Bob Ruesink.--USFWS, Boise, Idaho.

Selway-Bitterroot Ecosystem Subcommittee of IGBC.--Herb Pollard (Chair, IDFG, Lewiston, ID), Rich Clough (MDFWP, Missoula, MT), Jim Caswell (USFS, Orofino, ID), Bob Ruesink (USFWS, Boise, ID), Coy Jemmet (USFS, Grangeville, ID), Charles Wildes (USFS, Missoula, MT), Stephen Kelly (USFS, Hamilton, MT).

Dick Wenger.--USFS, Salmon/Challis National Forest, Forest Wildlife Biologist. Salmon, Idaho.

LIST OF ORGANIZATIONS AND PERSONS SENT THE DEIS FOR REVIEW

Federal Agencies

Copies of this Draft Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) are being provided to federal, state, local agencies, Native American tribes, interest groups and organizations who may be affected by the final decision and the above list of preparers/reviewers.

Due to the voluminous number of people and organizations on the mailing list, copies of the DEIS have been provided to public libraries in Montana and Idaho, and Salt Lake City, Utah because it was the national location for one of the open house meetings.

Council on Environmental Quality
Information Office

Environmental Protection Agency
Director, Office of Federal Activities

Regional Director, Region 8
Denver, Colorado

Regional Director, Region 10
Seattle, WA

United States Dept. Of Agriculture
Secretary of Agriculture

Animal & Plant Health Inspector Service
Animal Damage Control
Deputy Administrator
Regional Director, Western Region

Extension Office/Information Office

U.S.D.A. Forest Service
Regional Forester, Region 1
Regional Forester, Region 4

United States Dept. Of Interior

Secretary of Interior

Office of the Solicitor

Bureau of Indian Affairs
Office of Director
Area Director, Portland, Oregon

Bureau of Land Management
Office of Director
State Director, Idaho
State Director, Montana

National Park Service
Office of Director

Regional Director
Pacific Northwest Region

Regional Director
Rocky Mountain Region

United States Fish & Wildlife Service
Office of Director
Regional Director, Region 1
Regional Director, Region 6
Ecological Services
State Offices: Boise, Idaho
Helena, Montana

STATE OF IDAHO


Honorable Phil Batt
Governor

Director
Dept. of Commerce

Director
Dept. of Fish and Game

Director
Dept. of State Lands

Lemhi County Planning & Zoning Comm.
Lemhi County Courthouse

Clearwater County Planning & Zoning Comm.
Clearwater County Courthouse

Idaho County Planning & Zoning Comm.
Idaho County Courthouse

Lewis County Planning & Zoning Comm.
Lewis County Courthouse

President
Idaho State University

President
Lewis and Clark State College

President
North Idaho College

President
University of Idaho

Idaho Grizzly Bear Management
Oversight Committee:
Ms. Cindy Siddoway
Mr. Dick Willhite
Honorable Laird Noh
Mr. Bob Deurloo
Mr. John Hatch
Dr. Jim Peek
Mr. Steve Mealey
Mr. Mike Luque
Honorable Charles Cuddy
Also on mailing list:
Honorable Judy Danielson
Mr. Stan Hamilton
Honorable Golden Linford
Honorable Marguerite McLaughlin
Mr. Grant Simonds
Mr. Matthew McKeown

STATE OF MONTANA
Honorable Marc Racicot
Governor

Director
Dept. of Commerce

Director
Dept. of Fish, Wildlife & Parks

Director
Dept. of Natural Resources & Conservation

Commissioner
Dept. of State Lands

Director
Montana Dept. of Agriculture

Montana State Library
U.S. & Senate Documents Dept.

President
Montana State University

President
University of Montana

Provost
Western Montana College

Native American Tribes Elected Officials

Chairman
Nez Perce Tribal Executive Council
Lapwai, Idaho

Chairman
Coeur d'Alene

Tribal Council Plummer, Idaho

Chairman
Confederated Salish & Kootenai Tribes
Pablo, Montana

Federal Elected Officials

Honorable Larry Craig
U.S. Senate, Idaho

Honorable Dirk Kempthorne
U.S. Senate, Idaho

Honorable Michael Crapo
U.S. House of Representatives, Idaho

Honorable Helen Chenoweth
U.S. House of Representatives, Idaho

Honorable Max Baucus
U.S. Senate, Montana

Honorable Conrad Burns
U.S. Senate, Montana

Honorable Rick Hill
U.S. House of Representatives, Montana

Local Elected Officials

Board of County Commissioners
Boise County, Idaho

Board of County Commissioners
Clearwater County, Idaho

Board of County Commissioners
Custer County, Idaho

Board of County Commissioners
Idaho County, Idaho

Board of County Commissioners
Lemhi County, Idaho

Board of County Commissioners
Lewis County, Idaho

Board of County Commissioners
Shoshone County, Idaho

Board of County Commissioners
Valley County, Idaho

Board of County Commissioners
Ravalli County, Montana

Board of County Commissioners
Missoula County, Montana

Board of County Commissioners
Mineral County, Montana

Businesses and Organizations

American Farm Bureau Federation
Washington, D.C.

American Sheep Industry
Englewood, Colorado

Associated Press
Boise, Idaho

Fishing and Hunting News - Editor
Seattle, Washington

Executive Director
Friends of the Earth
Washington, D.C.

Backcountry Horsemen of Idaho
Salmon, Idaho

Backcountry Horsemen of Montana
Helena, Montana

Blue Ribbon Coalition
Idaho Falls, Idaho

Chamber of Commerce
Ketchum-Sun Valley
Sun Valley, Idaho

Defenders of Wildlife
Rocky Mountain Region
Missoula, Montana

Earth First!
Bozeman, Montana

Environmental Defense Fund
Washington, D.C.

Environmental Defense Fund
Rocky Mountain Office
Boulder, Colorado

Executive Director
Gem State Hunters Assoc.
Homedale, Idaho

Greater Yellowstone Coalition
Bozeman, Montana


Publisher
High Country News
Paonia, Colorado

Humane Society of the U.S.
Washington, D.C.

Idaho Cattle Association
Boise, Idaho

Executive Vice President
Idaho Cattle Association
Boise, Idaho

Idaho Conservation League
Sun Valley, Idaho

President
Idaho Farm Bureau
Boise, Idaho

Idaho Field Archery Association
Orofino, Idaho

President
Idaho Hunters Association
Homedale, Idaho

President
Idaho Outfitters & Guides Assoc.
Boise, Idaho

Idaho Outfitters & Guides License Board
Boise, Idaho

Idaho State Rifle & Pistol Assoc.
Meridian, Idaho

Idaho Woolgrowers Assoc.
Boise, Idaho

Institute for Tourism & Recreation Research
University of Montana

Intl. Assoc. of Fish & Wildlife Agencies
Washington, D.C.

Lewiston Morning Tribune
Lewiston, Idaho

Director
Montana Department of Agriculture

Montana Farm Bureau

Montana Farmer Stockman

Montana Farmers Union

Montana Guides & Outfitters

Executive Vice President
Montana Stock Growers Assoc.

President
Montana Wildlife Federation

Montana Wool Growers Association

National Audubon Society
Washington D.C.

National Audubon Society
Rocky Mountain Regional Office
Boulder, Colorado

National Fish & Wildlife Foundation
Washington, D.C.

National Parks & Conservation
Rocky Mountain Regional Director
Salt Lake City, Utah

National Trappers Association, Inc.
Bloomington, Illinois

National Wildlife Federation
Washington, D.C.

Executive Director
National Wildlife Federation
Central Rocky Mountain Region
Boulder, Colorado

Native American Fish & Wildlife Society
Broomfield, Colorado

Natural Resources Council of America
Washington, D.C.

The Nature Conservancy
Arlington, Virginia

The Nature Conservancy
Big Sky Director, Montana

Nature Conservancy
Silver Creek Preservation
Picabo, Idaho

North American Wild Sheep Foundation
Boise, Idaho

Northern Rockies Conservation Cooperative
Jackson, Wyoming

Post Register
Idaho Falls, Idaho

Public Land Associates, Inc.
Bozeman, Montana

President
Putting People First
Washington, D.C.

Executive Director
Rocky Mountain Elk Foundation
Missoula, Montana

Rocky Mountain News
Denver, Colorado

The Wilderness Society
Washington, D.C.

The Wilderness Society
Northern Rockies Regional Office
Bozeman, Montana

Publications Director
Wildlife Management Institute
Washington, D.C.

Chairman
Wildlife Program Environ. Defense Fund
Washington, D.C.

The Wildlife Society
Bethesda, Maryland

The Wildlife Society
Idaho Chapter
Boise, Idaho

The Wildlife Society
Northwest Section
Boise, Idaho

President
World Wildlife Fund
Washington, D.C.

Because of the voluminous number of people and organizations on the mailing list, not all are listed. A complete list of names (addresses may not be released) is available upon request from the U. S. Fish & Wildlife Service.