Endangered Species
Mountain-Prairie Region
WYOMING TOAD

The Wyoming toad (Bufo baxteri) was a common sight on areas of the Laramie Plains, Albany County, Wyoming, into the early 1970s but the populations crashed in the middle 1970s.  The Wyoming toad was listed as endangered by the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service  www.fws.gov   in January 1984.

wyoming toad image

This toad is a glacial relict known only from Albany County, Wyoming.  It formerly inhabited flood plains, ponds, and small seepage lakes in the shortgrass communities of the Laramie Basin.  The diet of this species includes ants, beetles, and a variety of other anthropods.  Adults emerge from hibernation in May or June, after daytime maximum temperatures reach 70 degrees F.

Males attract females to breeding sites by their calls. Eggs, in gelatinous strings, are laid from mid-May to early June, and the larvae usually transform by mid-July.

As is the case with other amphibian species, spraying of insecticides to control mosquitoes, changes in agricultural practices, increased predation, disease, and climatic changes have been suggested as causes of the decline, but nothing definite has been identified (see http://www.usgs.gov ). Recently, the amphibian chytrid fungus (Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis) has been reported in the captive and wild populations.

ON February 7, 2014, the Service announced the availability of a draft revised recovery plan for the Wyoming toad. The Service solicits review and comments from the public on the draft revised plan through April 10, 2014.

On October 6, 2006, the Service published a notice of initiation of a 5-year review.

Numerous facilities are currently involved in the captive breeding, refugia, and reintroduction of the Wyoming toad.  Included are 

 

USFWS Facilities that are currently breeding toads:

Last updated: September 10, 2014